(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Newtown's history and historian, Ezra Levan Johnson"

|sW8mH 


ra^l|m 




ill 


r^^KniSn 


^M 




ml 




^^m 




9l 




^m 


:«!*l«!s'r?FiTrT.u^; 
















C^ jO •' '* ^ 






4 o 

» ' • o, cv 






^* -^ -^ ^ 


















•0^ 



^-^^^ "^ 



<5» <*^ 









.-0- '''^m^.*- .A -_ '' > 












<0 s»*''^"\> \^ .•••o 



< 



^6^ 






;^^ 









.<iy'- 



<, 















"^. 



<?^:. 






op 



% 



.*<' 







j"., ' 



qV ,0X0. "^ 






cP'^c 









V *^ 



^0' 









0^ \' 

'V V c-V^ .^.j/'?'^^- 
















.0' 






V 



.^^ 







V ^ ^:^^^ 






% ■ 










%* V v> -; ^ y . ^^ 

' A <. 'o".t- G^ 










0- .^;^.>/^o 



aV ... '^ 

I'D- 













/< 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY 



AND 



HISTORIAN- 
EZRA Levan Johnson 



Widi AdSoomaL Mi: 



TANE ELIZA T0HN50N 



NFwrro^*^", coNNEcncirr, i?i: 



■n i. ?,j 






h 




82 years of age 



FOREWORD 



It was the fond desire and studied purpose of the late Ezra 
Levan Johnson, to publish and preserve the early history of his 
native town and in this labor of unrequited love he gave unstint- 
edly of time, travel and research. 

The Newtown Bee furnished him opportunity to reach the public 
and this memorial volume to Mr. Johnson's memory aimed to 
gather and perpetuate some of his published articles. It by no 
means includes the wealth of material at his disposal for additional 
articles, which would have been published had his life, strength and 
faculties been prolonged. It is but the plain truth that no man was so 
well equipped for the task which Mr. Johnson set for himself with 
such unflagging zeal, both in his own knowledge of Newtown's 
past and in his painstaking search into local records, as well as 
those of the Colony, State and Nation. 

Connecticut Colony, formed by the union of Hartford and New 
Haven in 1665, appointed a committee at the May session at 
Hartford in 1711, to lay out such divisions of land within the said 
Newtown as shall be agreed upon by the proprietors thereof. At 
the October Session at New Haven in October of 1711, this commit- 
tee reported to the General Assembly that, "having lately had a 
general meeting of the said proprietors and their agreement or order 
for laying out a certain division, or sundry lots of lands within the 
said town of Newtown, the said committe have thereupon preceded 
and laid out the same." William Junos, Justice Bush and Samuel 
Hawley had bought this Newtown land, a tract six by eight miles 
of the Indians, July 25, 1705. Junos sold half of a third interest in 
this land to John Glover, making him a large landholder in the 
early settlement, which he served as town clerk. 

Glover's purchase from Junos took place Dec. 6, 1708 and the 
deed of sale was copied by Glover from the records of Stratford, to 
which town Newtown then belonged. Dec. 19, 1710, two years 
after Glover's purchase, Samuel Hawley, who had a third interest 
in this six-by-eight-mile Newtown tract, united with his father, 
Joseph Curtis, Rev. Charles Chauncey (the Stratford minister) and 
38 others, with "Richard Bryan's heires," to buy Junos' remaining 
sixth interest and Bush's third for £22,10s, "currant silver money 
of the Colony of Connecticut." This deed was copied into Newtown 
records from those of Stratford by Joseph Curtis, one of those buy- 
ing out Junos and Bush. 

There were 48 rights in this land so bought, Richard Hubbell Sr. 
having three rights, John Glover, John Reed, Benjamin Fayer- 



4 FOREWORD 

weather two each and the rest one apiece. This land was not all 
parcelled out at once, nor all held at the same value. The swamps, 
open glades made by annual Mohawk fires that swept all this 
country in the Housatonic valley, in which meadows the early 
settlers cut coarse native grass for winter fodder, were most valued 
and were cut into four-acre strips. In 1717 the Great Bogs, as 
swamp land near the Horatio Northrop place was called, and the 
Little Bogs a half mile below on the stream running out of Great 
Bogs were parceled out. The hills were mainly timbered and were 
cut into larger pieces ; 20, 30 and 40-acre divisions are frequently 
spoken of. An allotment of 30 acres to each of 48 rights was voted 
in 1721 ; in 1717, the record speaks of a 100-acre division and the 
common or undivided land continued to be parceled out until the 
Revolution. Land was rated then, as lists show, as pasture land, or 
plow-land or meadow land, and different kinds of lands were 
returned distinct and separately. The custom was to divide the 
land into the given number of acres and then draw lots for each 
man's "pitch" as they called it. A committee was appointed to see 
that each one got his rights, but some were so slow in drawing lots 
that the proprietors passed votes to spur the delinquents up to the 
mark. 

This volume further illuminates the history of this Newtown 
land, so honestly gotten from the red man, as well as of the men 
who bought and settled here, mostly from Stratford. 

The preparation of this volume has been a labor of love, as was 
the material from which it was prepared, and thanks are due all 
who have encouraged and aided the enterprise whether by sugges- 
tion, advice or purchase of this tribute to the effort of an unselfish, 
high-minded, patriotic American. 

Additional material seeks to make it a more complete Newtown 
history, to which have been added names of descendants of 
Newtown's early settlers, an account of Mr. Johnson's death and 
burial, with some of the many tributes paid his memory. 

Reuben Hazen Smith. 

MR. JOHNSON'S OWN FOREWORD. 

How time does fly! Here we are well agone in March and the 
third month of the new year will soon be gone. Before we realize 
it, turtles will be peeping, frogs will be croaking, woodchucks will 
be waking from their long winter nap and crawling from their 
holes will, with blinking eyes, be on the lookout for some sneaking, 
hungry dog. Soon bluebirds and robins will be looking for nesting 
places and the phoebe bird will build its nest of moss and mud and 
hair, perhaps over your front door and mine, where it was built 
last year and when she has lined it carefully with feathers, depos- 
ited her eggs, will sit the allotted time for the young life to appear, 
all unconcerned of danger, for she will remember the warm wel- 
come that was hers from us all through her brooding season of one 
year ago. With the coming of the birds will also come the earliest 
of our wild flowers, the arbutus, the anemone, the trillium, the 
hepatica, the wind flower, the adder tongue, dutchman's breeches, 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 5 

columbine, cowslip, spring beauty and a wealth of others. Only a 
few short, swiftly going weeks and the nooks and crannies, 
now so silent under their winter garb, will echo and re-echo with 
the sound of voices of our younger people, who are the van- 
guard, soon to fill the breach made by the passing on of their elders. 
Well, so goes the time and old fellows like myself may as well real- 
ize that Time's clock for us is almost run down, and the striking of 
the last hour must be very near at hand. But there is no use sitting 
down to wait for its coming, better far to keep busy and though we 
cannot care for so large a piece of fallow ground as once we could, 
it will be far better to keep on sowing, even though some other one 
shall do the reaping. 

In these days of restlessness, how small the percentage in our 
rural communities of those who are the descendants of first settlers 
of their native town, and Newtown is no exception. True it is, that 
there are a few exceptions where can be found those of the fifth, 
sixth and seventh generation of those who had a hand in the first 
purchase of the land from the Indians and there are a few instances 
of those still living in the house built and on the farm purchased by 
their ancestors over one hundred years ago. And when those be- 
longing to the class above mentioned, who have lived all their life 
in one community, get to talking about the early days as they re- 
member them and as they have heard about them from their elders, 
there is bound to be something said that makes us sorry ofttimes 
that we did not take note more carefully of the stories handed 
down to us, for the sake of future generations. What a large per- 
centage of the traditions of any community remain unwritten, 
ignored or carelesly forgotten ; they now lie buried on the page of 
unwritten history. Not criminally careless, though culpably negli- 
gent. The new people care but little about the old days, though it 
will not be long before those who are now in middle life will care, 
and there will be no one to tell them. Put forty years upon the lives 
of men and women in middle life, and those of them still living will 
be past their four-score years. To whom can they go outside of 
their circle to get their memories refreshed as to happenings at the 
time of early childhood ? Put sixty years additional upon the ages of 
boys and girls of to-day, who are in the Newtown High School, and 
who can they consult as to the ancestry, work and helpfulness, in- 
dividually and collectively, of those who are to-day a part of the web 
and woof in the making of our town history. Too apt are we to 
think as we look about us, if we don't speak it, "It is by my might 
and by my power have I gotten to myself this great wealth," 
instead of calling to mind that "others have labored and we have 
entered into their labors." 

These papers lay no claim to literary merit, but are plain state- 
ments of incidents and happenings, by a plain man in a plain way, in 
the hope that our youg people, with those of maturer years, may 
find at least momentary pleasure in the retrospect. 

Friends prophesied for the writer that in his announcement he 
"had bitten off more than he could chew," and the writer has had 
occasion many times to recall a little experience he had the first 
winter he taught school and boarded 'round 60 years ago. Compar- 



6 MR. JOHNSON'S OWN FOREWORD 

ing notes one evening with a brother teacher, of our experiences 
in boarding 'round,- he said he was at the supper table, one night 
and was waited upon to a plate of meat, as he supposed, but the 
more he chewed upon it, the bigger it grew, and he mustered cour- 
age to ask the hostess what kind of meat it was. The answer came, 
"We butchered our old cow, yesterday, and so we cooked the udder 
for to-night's supper." And so with my historical work attempted, 
the more I chewed upon it, the bigger it has seemed to grow, 
until instead of reaching a finish, it really seems but just begun. 

On the farm where I was born and where is still my home, there 
is a spring whose waters flow out from underneath a granite rock. 
In my early boyhood, it was made my duty in harvest time to go 
there with the water jug for cool, fresh water for the harvesters 
at luncheon hour. Ever and anon some fisherman, huntsman, farmer 
boy or nut gatherer would stop there to get a drink, the squirrel 
to wet its tongue and the little bird panting under the burning 
summer sun stop for a bath before soaring skyward to pour forth 
its sweetest notes, but to the great outside world it was all 
unknown. In Summer heat and Winter cold, its flow is uniform 
and perpetual. It is a little spring. A six-quart bowl inverted 
would cover it from sight, and yet, in the great economy of Nature, 
it has its part to perform and performs it well. But a short distance 
from its source its waters lose their identity as they mingle with 
the water of the northwest branch of Pootatuck brook. On they 
flow, into Housatonic River and from thence into Long Island 
Sound, and so on into the broad ocean on whose bosom float the 
navies of the world. 

I go there in these later years and as I sit on the moss-covered 
rock from underneath which the waters flow, and in the shadow of 
the old birch tree that has marked off more than a century of 
growth, I muse over the bygone days. And musing there it some- 
times comes to me that that spring is in a way typical of one phase 
of Newtown's life. Typical in this, that from our town, for more 
than 100 years, a steady, never ceasing flow of young life has been 
going out from us into the great ocean of human endeavor and still 
the stream flows on until there is hardly a country on the globe in 
which there is not some one Newtown born, or a descendant, help- 
ing to Christianize communities and mould public opinion along 
lines of virtue and good living. And who dare question the truth 
of the statement that the New England stock of this country is the 
backbone of the nation? 

On land and sea, wherever our flag floats, nine-tenths of them, 
including the gentler sex as well, have made, and are still making, 
good their ancestral training in the old New England homes. 

We are glad when our young people marry and settle in the an- 
cestral homes, or take the homes of those whose family name has 
died out, and, with the co-operation of mother, wives or sisters and 
in the home life, help to build and strengthen the nation, for in the 
homes of its people rests the prosperity and perpetuity of the 
nation. 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 7 

REUBEN HAZEN SMITH'S TRIBUTE. 

Who for their fellows live and die, 
They the immortals are. O, sigh 

Not for their loss, but, rather, praise 
The God who gave them to our days. 

Richard Watson Gilder. 

In the going home of Mr. Johnson, Newtown loses, not only its 
most widely known citizen, but its best beloved and most esteemed. 
I feel sure that no citizen of his generation will be laid at rest in 
Newtown more widely and sincerely mourned. 

"Hebrews of the Hebrews," Mr. Johnson was, in ancestry, linked 
by blood to many of Newtown's early families, and it was a happy 
Providence that turned his patient industry, his unrequited toil, 
his faithful research to the early, musty records of his native town. 
Who is left that carries in memory so much of Newtown's history, 
and who knows the intimate family details of Newtowners scatter- 
ed far and near in our modern widening world? Who has the 
ardent zeal to carry on his valuable labors with a zest and persever- 
ance that invested even his columns of names, and quotations from 
documents painfully and carefully searched out, with an aroma and 
halo all their own? He was Newtown's first and most devoted 
historian, and a prophet too little honored by those for whom he 
toiled so unselfishly. 

No pent-up Utica shut in Mr. Johnson's searching gaze and so he 
knew not only his native town, but his native State, and native 
land as well. He was Newtown's most informing traveler and what 
he saw, the columns of The Bee circulated to eager and admiring 
readers far and near. Many of The Bee's readers learned geo- 
graphy anew and with an unwonted interest, when Mr. Johnson 
traveled and wrote. Even a broken hip, with a stiff leg and a cane, 
could not check his excursions or his overflow. How many a New- 
town man or women in distant spot had memory thrilled and infor- 
mation furnished, as Mr. Johnson and his loyal wife stopped in 
with words of cheer and good will ! Mr. Johnson never forgot that 
he was from Newtown, and that earliest affections and impressions 
are gladly recalled and give fresh life and motive power. Mr. 
Johnson seemed to have drunk from the fountain of perennial youth, 
so active his mind, so general his interest in to-day and the fresh 
innocence of childhood. His fellow citizens recognized this unfail- 
ing bouyancy of mind and honored themselves by keeping him on 
the School Board, in spite of four-score years, and the Church of 
his adoption was glad to honor him in an official way. Large and 
commanding in person, his qualities of mind and heart matched his 
frame. This made him a most excellent correspondent, for there 
was that upward look, that warmth of friendship, that half-con- 
cealed wit that made his letters so welcome. "I'm on 'tother side 
of 80," he wrote in May, "and on a steep down-hill grade. I do not 
forget that life, in its length, has been most lavishly dealt out to 
me, and the five senses are still in running order, although the 
axletrees are becoming worn and wobbly and all the while demand- 



8 REUBEN HAZEN SMITH'S TRIBUTE 

ing more and more axle grease. I cannot be thankful enough that 
I still have my eyesight and reason, and wife and children still 
spared to me." In another cherished letter his unrequited spirit 
expressed itself: "How Time does fly! Eighty years have gone with 
me, and still there is a silver lining to each cloud, should one happen 
to be covering the sun when the evening shades are gathering." 
It often occurs to me that the world lost a brilliant writer when 
Newtown gained an indifferent farmer. 

But Mr. Johnson's hold upon us was not so much of the brain as 
of the heart. Faithful he was. It was "Once a friend, always a 
friend" with him. Others might misunderstand and cast you off, 
but he — never. To meet him was to come into the sunshine. 
Others might repel and distress you. He understood and com- 
forted you with that rare psychology more divine than human, 
because patient, unselfish, inspiring. I recall, riding with him as 
a big boy and meeting a man who had been under Mr Johnson's 
instruction, in the days when Cupid was playing pranks with him 
and his assistant, Miss Camp. How the man beamed as Mr. John- 
son recalled those school days. Mr. Johnson, and his good w^ife as 
well, has been an uplift, a compelling force, in more lives than the 
world knows of. I may quote his own words of another, as appli- 
cable in his own case : "I am sure that he has the blessing of God 
upon his work, for he is so warmly welcomed in everybody's home, 
regardless of nationality, sect or social standing. He may, and 
does, make mistakes, but they are those of the head, not of the 
heart." Is it any wonder that such a man gave such a successful 
selectman to his town and a bishop to his Church? 

The mind is cold, critical, the heart warm, bounding, and so Mr. 
Johnson's generosity overflowed to so many and in so many ways 
that he was like a fountain in the desert, a well-spring in the wild- 
erness. Heaven alone will reveal what he and his have been to 
me and mine. I am not competent to speak here, but I know that 
I am not alone in sharing his royal bounty. How kindly and unos- 
tentatiously, how unselfishly he gave, whether it was a glad word 
and a welcome smile to a child that he had met, perhaps, in visiting 
the Newtown schools, or some relief in distress, gem set in memory 
like a diamond in its kingly crown! I remember once saying how 
poorly I felt myself able to repay some helpful act and his reply, 
"Pass it on to someone else." If earth is richer, sweeter, for such 
spirits in this harsh, relentless world, surely his Master must be 
glad to say, "Well done," to these cups of cold water in His name. 
The generous nature is tolerant and so was he. Holding his own 
opinion with firm reliance in his own integrity of purpose, he 
granted a like honesty of intent in others. He was easily New- 
town's most loving servant, ready for his own part in the home, in 
the schools, in The Bee, in whatever helped to advance the town at 
present and to preserve the best in its past. Hence we not only 
esteem this memory but love it, and join in the general acclamation 
to the wealth and uprightness of his character. 

THE BRIDGEPORT FARMER 

Ezra Levan Johnson, who died at 82, is best known to the younger 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 9 

generation as the bard, historian and educator of Newtown, where 
he served upon the School Board for many years. But his contri- 
butions to the commonwealth were unusual, and to the older men 
he is known as one of the fathers of free education in this State, 
as a pioneer in the movement to secure instruction by trained 
teachers, as one of the foremost laymen of the Episcopal Church. 
He was a rugged, honest, intellectual man of the Lincoln type, 
advanced in his views, fearless in expression of his opinions and 
determined in any public effort that he undertook. His loss is to 
the town in which he lived and labored. He passed on in the peace 
of a certain and comfortable faith. 

THE NEWTOWN BEE'S TRIBUTE. 

Ezra Levan Johnson, Newtown's historian, and its most widely 
known and best beloved citizen, entered into rest, Sunday, Dec. 27, 
1914, about 1.30 p. m. For some days previous, it was seen that the 
end was not far distant, but he passed peacefully away, as one lying 
down to sleep. 

Throughout the early Fall, he had been active as usual and, in 
September, made his customary visits on the Dodgingtown, 
Hopewell, Pootatuck and Half Way River schools and the primary 
department of the Sandy Hook school, over which Mr. Johnson had 
immediate supervision. He was also able to attend church and 
enjoyed meeting friends. He took a deep interest in the Bi-Cen- 
tennial services of the Congregational church, and was present at 
almost every session. In November, he began to fail and his decline 
from that time was rapid. 

Ezra Levan Johnson was born Nov. 11, 1832, son of Charles and 
Julia Merritt Johnson. Mr. Johnson's ancestors, so far as 
Newtown records show, were as follows : Ichabod Johnson, great- 
great grandfather; John Johnson, great-grandfather; Ezra H. 
Johnson, grandfather; Charles Johnson, father. 

Ezra H. Johnson died in 1857 and Charles Johnson in May, 1871. 
Ezra Levan Johnson received his early education in Newtown 
schools. He took a course at the State Normal school in New 
Britain and at Medina Academy, Medina, N. Y. He began teaching 
in Stony Hill district in Bethel at the age of 17. He also taught for 
a year at Clinton, Middlesex county. With these exceptions, Mr, 
Johnson gave his services to Newtown, teaching in South Center 
and Sandy Hook districts. So thoroughly were his services appre- 
ciated that older boys and girls from other districts in town came 
to have the benefit of his instruction. In 1856, he was elected to 
the Board of School Visitors and served continuously from that 
date to his death, a period of 58 years, a record unparalleled in this 
State of Connecticut. Up to the last his interest and sympathy in 
the work of the public schools continued unabated. His attitude 
toward all the teachers was helpful, rather than critical. And 
from his own experience, he was able to point the way out of diffi- 
culties and to give the word of encouragement, when needed and 
deserved. 

In his young manhood, Mr. Johnson was an active member of the 



10 THE NEWTOWN BEE'S TRIBUTE 

Congregational Church, and superintendent of its Sunday school. 
He was also superintendent of a district Sunday school maintained 
for years in Huntingtown district. Later in life, he became a com- 
municant of Trinity Church and at the time of his death was its 
honored senior warden. 

Mr. Johnson's work as a local historian stands forth pre-emi- 
nently. At the Bi-Centennial of the town in 1905, Mr. Johnson was 
chairman of the executive committee having the celebration in 
charge, and was historian of the day. The citizens of the town are 
indebted to Mr. Johnson for painstaking work in local historical 
writing, which appeared from time to time in the columns of The 
Bee. To the editor and business manager of The Bee, he has al- 
ways been a sympathetic and helpful friend, and it is with sorrow 
we are compelled to note the "passing on" of Mr. Johnson. To a 
large degree, it may be truthfully said, his outlook on life was un- 
selfish, and in this lies the great secret of his success. Shortly after 
its organization, Mr. Johnson became a member of the Men's Club 
and served a term as president. 

October 10, 1858, Mr. Johnson married Jane Eliza, daughter of 
Beach and Catherine Foote Camp, who survives him, with four 
sons : William Camp Johnson and Charles Beach Johnson of 
Newtown, Levan Merritt Johnson of Painesville, O., and Bishop 
Frederick Foote Johnson of St. Louis, Mo. To an unusual degree 
Mr Johnson has been blessed in his family relations and this first 
great break in the domestic chain must cause the deepest grief. 

The funeral took place on Wednesday Dec. 30, at 2 p. m., from. 
Trinity Church, and was one of the most largely attended in recent 
years. Rev. James Hardin George, rector of Trinity Church, offic- 
iated. With the rector in the chancel were Rev. George Thomas 
Linsley, rector of the Church of the Good Shepherd, Hartford, who 
read the lesson; Rev. George H. Buck of Derby, who read the 
creed and prayer, and Rev. Charles J. Sniffen of South Lee, Mass. 
The two hymns sung were : "Jesus, lover of my soul," and, "O 
God, our help in ages past." For a recessional, this hymn was used : 
"Abide with me, fast falls the eventide." 

Members of the vestry of Trinity Church, and of the Board of 
School Visitors, occupied seats together in the center of the church. 
The pallbearers were the four sons. At the service at the grave, 
the rector was assisted by Rev. Mr. Sniffen. At the service at the 
house, before the start for the Church, Mr. George was assisted in 
the prayers by the Rev. F. W. Barnett. 

There was a profusion of beautiful floral tributes from loving 
friends, including wreath from the vestry of Trinity Church, wreath 
from the Board of School Vistors, wreath from the Men's Club, 
floral piece from the teacher and pupils of Pootatuck school, 
flowers from the girls of Walnut Tree Hill, floral piece from 
Messrs Smith of the Bee and many others. 

Among those present at the funeral from out of town were : 
Percy L. Johnson of Bridgeport, Mr. and Mrs. John C. Keeler of 
Seymour, Mrs. George Welch of Meriden, Miss Jennie Clark of 
Bethel, Frederick Maguire of Litchfield, A. C. Innis of New Milford, 




;<^v=:?'«:e"i'c.i>,^ve/4:>('ii^>4'^>.i«5?i^r^^ 



N 

> 



o 

Q, 

z 







O 
IT- 

c 



C/0 




NEWtOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 11 

Mr. and Mrs. George Russell, of Southbury, Mr. and Mrs. Fred H. 
Beers of Brookfield. 

Resolutions Adopted by the Vestry of Trinity Church on 
the Death of Ezra Levan Johnson. 

The Vestry of Trinity church, speaking in behalf of all, old and young, 
in the parish, feels that in the death of Ezra Levan Johnson, our Senior 
Warden, we have sustained a great loss. 

By birth and training not a member of our communion, Mr. Johnson 
came into it in the ripeness of his middle life, and was confirmed under 
the rectorship of Dr. Marble, by Bishop Williams, August 11, 1871. He at 
once took an active part in the parish work, and business and was chosen 
a Vestryman, April 14 1873. The record shows him constant at the meet- 
ings and faithful in the duties laid upon him. For more than 40 years he 
served the parish in this capacity. He was chosen Junior Warden at 
Easter, 1904, and Senior Warden at the annual parish meeting in 1913. 

Because of his knowledge of town history, he was chosen the historian 
of the parish at the celebration in Sept., 1907, of the 175th anniversary of 
the beginning of Rev John Beach's ministry. It was his knowledge of 
tradition which located the spot where Mr. Beach's first service was 
held, the place now marked by the memorial boulder. 

Mr. Johnson had a deep interest in the work of the Church at large, 
and for many years represented the parish in the diocesan convention, 
and became well known to leading churchmen throughout the State. 

In church worship he had an unfailing joy. He was constant in his 
attendance, and the prayers and praises of divine service became a part 
of his life as their words were ever fresh in his memory. His presence at 
the Church's services and his regular family devotions, brought him a 
growing love of the Prayer Book and the Church's ways. 

Loyal in his devotion to the Church, he yet had a broad sympathy for 
all Christians and an especially kind and loving feeling towards the com- 
munion in which he was born and reared; and he had the respect and 
good will of its members. 

By his upright life before the world and his faithfulness to his religious 
duties he commemded to all men the Church which he loved. 

We shall greatly miss his familiar form at the Church's services, and 
his wise council in our business deliberations. His example of a sober, 
righteous and godly life will have its lasting influence upon the parish 
and community, and his memory is blessed. 

To his bereaved family we extend our sincere sympathy, and commend 
them to the God of all comfort and consolation. 



12 HIS EPITAPH. 



HIS EPITAPH. 

"The children loved him!" That was what they said 
When a kind man lay dead ! 

Ah, j^es ! and when he slept serene and still, 
From every glade and hill 

The children brought bright flowers, pink and white, 
For his last day and night. 

They loved him through their young untroubled years. 
They loved his smiles; his tears. 

His sorrows and his loss they knew not of — 
They onlj^ knew his love, 

For he was kind and he was gentle; best 
And surely happiest 

When little children left their games and play 
To follow his glad way. 

"The children loved him!" for he made them laugh. 
O ! splendid epitaph ! 

Selected by 

Julia and Cynthia Merritt. 



COPY OF DEED 

Newtown's Purchase from the Indians. 

Know all men by these presents, yt we Mauquash, Massumpas, Nunna- 
wauk all belonging to Pootatuck in ye Colony of Connecticut for and in 
consideration of four guns, four broad cloth coats, four blankets, four rufifelly 
coats, four collars, ten shirts, ten pair of stockings, forty pounds of lead, 
ten of — ten pounds of powder and forty knives, to us promised to be paid 
as by these bills underhand and one may more fully approve, we say we 
have Given, Granted, Bargained and sold, alienated. Conveyed and Con- 
firmed and b}^ these presents do freely, fully and absolutely Give, Grant, 
Bargain, sell alienate, convey and confirm unto William .lunos, Justus Bush 
and Samuel Hawley all now resident in Stratford in ye Colony aforesaid, a 
Certain Tract of land situate, lying and being in the Colony of Connecticut 
Butted and Bounded as followeth, viz. Bounded South upon pine swamp 
and land of Mr. Sherman and Mr. Rositer, South West upon Fairfield 
bounds. North West upon the bounds of Danbury, North East by land pur- 
chased by Milford men at or near ovanhonock and South East on land of 
Numaway an Indian, the line running two miles from the river right 
against pootatuck the sd tract of land Containing in length eight miles and 
in breadth five miles but more or less with all appurtenances, privileges 
and conditions thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining to them, 
the said William Junos, Justus Bush and Samuel Hawley their heirs and 
assigns to have and to hold forever to their own proper use, benefit and 
behoof forever, and, we the said Mauquash, Massumpas and Nunnawauk 
for us our heirs and administrators do covenant promise and grant to 
and with the said William Junos, Justus Bush and Samuel Hawley their 
heirs and assigns yt before ye ensealing thereof, we are the true, sole 
and lawful owners of the above bargained premises and possessed of ye 
same in our own Right as a good, perfect and absolute estate of inheri- 
tance in fee simple, and have in ourselves good Right, full power, and 
authority to grant, bargain, sell, convey, alien and confirm the same and 
all the priviledges and particulars before mentioned in manner as above 
said, yt ye said Wm. Junos, Justus Bush and Samuel Hawley their heirs and 
assigns shall and may from time to time and at all times hereafter by 
virtue of these presents lawfully, peaceably and quietly. Have, hold up, oc- 
cupy, possess and enjoy the said bargained premises with ye appurten- 
ances free and alone and freely and dlearly acquitted, exonerated and 
discharged of, and from all and all manner of former and other Gifts, 
Grant, Sales, losses. Mortgages, Wills, Intails, Joyntures, Dowries, Judg- 
ments, Enventory, Incumbrances, or other incumbrances whatsoever. 
Furthermore, we ye sd Mauquash, Massumpas and Nunnawauk, for our- 
selves, heirs, executors and administrators do covenant and engage the 
above described premises to them, the said William Junos, Justus Bush 
and Samuel Hawley, their heirs and assigns against the lawful claims or 
demands of any person or persons whatsoever forever hereafter, to war- 
rant and defend. Moreover, we, Washunawanian, Wasuabye, Moctowek, 
Awashkoeum, Annuminobe, Mallocksqua, Jennohumpisho, Wompocowash] 
Munnaposh, Punuanta, Wannonio, Mosunksio, Tacoosh, Morammoo] 
Slickanungus, Susoouso, we and every one of us doth for ourselves and 
each of us by ourselves, do freely give grant and of our own voluntary 
mind resign to the said William Junos, Justus Bush and Samuel Hawley, 
all our right title and interest by possession, heirship or by any other 
way or means whatsoever. Witness our hands and seals July ye 25 in 
the fourth year of her Majesties Reign, Anno Domino, 1705. Signed Sealed 



14 NEWTOWN'S PURCHASE FROM THE INDIANS 

and delivered in presence of Jacob Walker, Daniel Denton, Edward 
Hinman, Indian witnesses Obimosk, Nunako, Maquash and Musumeas. 

Personally appeared at Potutuck and acknowledged ye above written 
instrument to be thare free and voluntary act and deed before me this 
12th September 1705. Jon Minor Justice. Witness, Ebenezer Johnson. 

The above written is a true copy of the original on file. 

Test, Eleazor Kimberly, exactly entered and compared Jan. 22, 1710 per 
me. Joseph Curtis, one of the committee for Newtown. 

QUIOMPH'S PURCHASE— 1723 

Several years passed after the Indians had sold the English, 
land eight miles in length and five miles or more in breadth, which in 
due time was to become the township of Newtown, "bounded east- 
erly on Stratford and part of Fairfield, westerly upon Danbury and 
a line running from the southeast corner of Danbury parallel to the 
east line of said town to Fairfield bounds, northerly upon New 
Milford purchase, and the Great River, shall be one entire town 
known by the name of Newtown." In March, 1710, 22 proprietors 
took their pitch in the first allotment of land and other allotments 
were made from time to time as the years went by, with nothing 
appearing to disturb the even tenor of the settlers' way until about 
1720, when there appeared upon the scene an Indian, Quiomph by 
name, who made claim to being sole owner of all land not sold to 
the English, claimed to be a strip of mountain land lying along the 
line of the Pootatuck brook at the base of Pisgah. The town rec- 
ords show the adjustment made between the land proprietors and 
Quiomph, as regards the land to which he laid claim. Interesting 
it should be, showing the friendly feeling between the whites who 
were getting possession by honest purchase. At a lawful town 
meeting of the inhabitants and landed proprietors of Newtown, 
Sept 1723, to consider what method to take for purchasing land 
lying southerly and westerly of Pootatuck river offered upon sale 
by Quiomph, Indian : 

First, voted at above said meeting that all the land lying southerly and 
westerly of the Great or Pootatuck River, to be purchased of Quiomph 
shall be equally divided by heads of families, to each their equal propor- 
tion of purchase money, namely, each proprietor as above said. 

Secondly, voted at said meeting that Mr. Thomas Bennitt and Johathan 
Booth shall be a committee in behalf of the proprietors aforesaid to pur- 
chase the said tract of land of Quiomph. 

Thirdly, voted that the purchasers shall pay by next Wednesday, the 7th 
day of this instant, one shilling apiece; upon the neglect of payment of one 
shilling they are to lose their right of purchase. 

Fourthly, voted that the whole purchase money that the above said com- 
mittee shall agree upon shall be paid by the first week ensuing, which will 
be the fourteenth day of October, 1723. Upon the neglect of such payment 
to be made they shall lose their right in said tract. 

Fifthly, no former grant or division shall be taken up within the bound- 
ary of the above said tract of land, purchased of said Quiomph. 

Recorded bv Joseph Peck, town clerk. The deed in folio form reads: 
"The proprietors of Newtown deed from Quiomph, Recorded January ye 
21st, 1726, in ye 3d Book of Newtown Records, folio 74." 

Per Joseph Peck, town clerk. 

The leaves that contained the record are lost from the record 
book; the original deed is carefully preserved in the town clerk's 
office : 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 15 

"Know all men by this instrument, bearing date this seventh day of 
August, in ye tenth year of his Majesties' reign, Anno Domine One thous- 
and seven hundred and twenty-three, that I, Quiomph, an Indian of 
Pootatuck, do declare myself ye sole heir of all land that is not purchased 
by ye English before this date in ye boundaries of Newtown, in ye County 
of Fairfield within his Majesties colony of Connecticut, in New England. 
Now, in ye performance of ye convenant of ye one part, bargain and quit 
claim made between me ye sd Quiomph of ye one part and John Glover 
and Abraham Kimberly, purchasers for ye proprietors of Newtown, being 
their committee, and Thomas Bennitt being assisting with them of ye other 
part,witnesseth, that I Quiomph aforesaid, for, and in consideration of 
sixteen pounds in hand paid or promised to be paid where in I do 
acknowledge myself fully satisfied, have given, granted bargained, 
sold, allienated, made over and forever quit claim and confirmed 
and by these presents, do give, grant, bargain, sell, make over and 
forever quit claim unto John Glover and Abraham Kimberley, ye above 
said purchasers for the proprietors of Newtown in ye county of Fairfield 
and colony of Connecticut, all lands in ye boundaries of Newtown 
not purchased by ye English before ye date of these presents, except a 
corner of intervale land lying by ye river where Cock shures fence is 
bounded easterly by ye river and ye other side by a brook called Hucko by 
ye Indians, from ye river until ye brook comes down between ye hills, and 
from ye said brook where it comes down between ye hills a straight line 
direct to ye River, and ye reversion and reversions, ye remainder and re- 
mainders and rights, titles, interests, claims and demands whatsoever of 
me, ye sd Quomph, of, in, and to ye same to have and to hold all ye said 
grant, all which land claimed said Indian in ye boundaries of Newtown 
aforesaid except yt intervale land above expressed and all and singular ye 
premises with their and every of their appurtnances before to be mention- 
ed to be granted to ye said John Glover and Abraham Kimberly, committee 
for ye proprietors of Newtown according to ye grant of ye General court 
to them as on record and to their heirs to ye use of said proprietors their 
heirs and assigns forever. And I, ye said Quiomph, of Pootatuck in Con- 
necticut, have granted for me and my heirs that we will grant, warrant and 
defend unto ye sd John Glover and Abraham Kimberly, committee for ye 
proprietors of Newtown above sd their heirs executors, adminstrators, 
assigns, the above said land except ye intervale land and promises 
with and for their attorney against all people laying any lawful claim to ye 
same forevermore, by these presents. In witness of ye sd promises ye 
aforesaid Quiomph hath hereunto sett his hand and put to his seal, the 
day and year above written. 

Quiomph his (x) mark. 
Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of Robert Seeley, Euniss Bennitt, 

Indian witnesses : Mauchoro, Wahuncop, Machocomp, Mausumpus. 

Quiomph, the above subscriber to this instrument personally appeared in 
Newtown the day and date above said and acknowledged the same to be 
his own free act and deed. Before me,Thomas Bennitt, Justice of the 
Peace." 

Although the land was purchased, the deed made out and the 
money paid in 1732, before any measurements were taken or 
the land laid out, it evidently was shared in by the then proprietors 
of the town, who at that time numbered 51 and so there were 51 
equal proprietors in what became known as the Quiomph purchase. 
After the purchase, this wild mountain land lay undivided and un- 
measured until 1742. In the meantime, Peter Hubbell, a land pro- 
prietor, had bought at different times 49 rights of the fifty-one, 
and a proprietors' committee was appointed to lay out the Quiomph 
purchase, January 25, 1748. 

"Then laid out to Peter Hubbell, Esq., his heirs and assigns, or to his or 
their assigns according to ye several parcels of land which they hold by 
deeds from him, or his heirs or assigns according to ye several propor- 
tions expressed by sd deeds of ye lands known by ye name of Quiomph's 



16 QUIOMPH'S PURCHASE— 1723 

last purchase ye sd Hubbell having formerly bought at several different 
times ye rights of 49 out of 51 equal proprietors in sd Quiomph purchase 
and ye same as not being laid out or divided according to ye vote of ye 
proprietors of Newtown, therefore we ye subscribers at ye desire of ye sd 
Peter Hubbell have laid out ye greater part of ye 49 rights in ye following 
manner : Beginning at a black oak tree marked and stones put to it, which 
is commonly known to be ye bounds for ye southwest corner of ye afore- 
said Quiomph purchase, and then running north 5 degrees west in ye west 
line of sd purchase 426 rods to a heap of stones laid to a small spier then 
east five degrees north 75 rods to a heap of stones, then north 5 degrees 
west 11 rods to a heap of stones laid betwist a bunch of largealderbushes.then 
east to 5 degrees north one hundred rods to black oak spier marked and 
stoned, then north five degrees west sixty rods to a large black oak tree 
standing on ye bank of ye Great Pootatuck River, then easterly and south- 
easterly and southerly by sd Great River in all 295 rods to a white oak 
spier marked and in or near ye dividing line of ye Indians land, and ye 
land of Mr. Read of Boston, 71 rods at ye brook near to ye sd Hubbell's 
dwelling house and then due west 33 rods to ye southeast corner of Samuel 
Towner's land, then westerly by sd Towner's land 60 rods to a black oak 
spier marked, then south 6 degrees east 30 rods to a pine at ye top of ledge 
of rocks known by ye name of second Pisgah towards the easterly part 
thereof, then went 15 degrees south 72 rods to ye southeast corner of 
Mallery land, then southwesterly by ye top of sd Pisgah to Sanford's 
mill land and then westerly by said mill land to ye northwest corner 
thereof, and from thence in a straight line to ye black oak began at with- 
in which limits and boundaries is contained one hundred and ninety-one 
acres and a half, twenty acres of which is allowed for ye highways that 
is already laid out through j'e said tract, above said, land which we look 
upon as necessary yet to be laid out in ye same. Completed ye daj' and 
date above said by us. 

John Glover, Junr. 

Joseph Botsford, 

Peter Hubbell, 

Proprietors Committee. 
And to ratify and confirm ye doings as above set forth we, John Glover and 
Daniel Foot who were chosen a committee to lay out ye above sd purchase, 
have hereunto set our hands. 

Daniel Foot, 

John Glover. 
Recorded ye day and date above by me Job Sherman, Proprietors' clerk. 
January 26, 1748. 

The original deed was placed on file with the Town Clerk and was by 
him recorded as "The Proprietors of Newtown deed from Quiomph. 
Recorded January ye 21st, 1726, in ye third Book of Newtown Records, 
folio 74. 

Per Joseph Peck Town Clerk. 

The first three record books of those early days, dating- back of 
1730, became coverless many, many years ago, although the first 
volume remained well intact, but the greater part of the leaves of 
the second and third volumes were lost, and among the leaves were 
those which contained the record of Quiomph's deed. Between 
1873 and 1880, Charles Henry Peck was Newtown's town clerk, and 
being extremely interested in the town history and a persistent 
student of it, he was so troubled in mind, when he saw the dilapi- 
dated condition of the three coverless volumes of records of those 
early days, that he gathered the remains of the three volumes and 
had them rebound within one cover. It has been from his thought- 
fulness as to their preservation that so much can be gathered of the 
doings of those earliest days. Not content with having the rem- 
nants of the these first volumes bound into one, he also had the 
original deed from Quiomph bound between covers for preserva- 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 17 

tion, to be handed down to coming generations. It is a wonder 
that the deed could have been preserved in folio form, among other 
loose papers, for 100 years or more. Of the two deeds that passed 
between the Indians and the English, the original of the first trans- 
action has been lost, but the recorded deed can be found, com- 
mencing on Page 48, Volume 1, and of the second deed, the original 
is well preserved in the Town Clerk's office, but the recorded deed 
was lost when the third volume fell to pieces. 

"BEARING EACH OTHER'S BURDENS" 

In the early part of my study of town history, before I had be- 
come much interested therein, my attention was arrested by a line 
sentence close to the very edge of the top of a page in Vol 1, 
Newtown records, which made no particular impression upon my 
mind at the time. It read, "A Court of election at Hartford, May 9, 
1678." Following out the clue, it proved the key to open an interest- 
ing bit of history closely related to individual and family life. The 
transaction referred to dates back to May, 1678 and reads : 

"A court of Election at Hartford, May 9, 1678. This court grants John 
Hubbell in consideration of his loss of one of his fingers and one ear, etc., 
one hundred acres of land provided he takes it upon where it may not 
prejudice any former grant to a plantation or particular person. Ex- 
tracted out of the Court Record. 

Per John Allyn Secretary. 

Transferred as in ye copy. December ye 25th, 1712. Per me John Glover, 
Recorder. 

Reading carefully, we see that the grant of land referred to was 
given no definite location, nor was there any stated time within 
which it must be taken up. The grantor could take it up in any 
part of Connecticut colony he might choose. Not until 32 years had 
passed do we hear anything more about it, when it appears that 
John Hubbell's two sons, acting in their father's stead, took up the 
100-acre grant in Newtown and sold it to John Glover, who was 
fast becoming an extensive land owner. The following record of 
the sale forms interesting reading and we wish we could also trans- 
fer the "annexed figure" as the pen picture looks upon the old rec- 
ord, giving the lines and angles with their geometrical dispropor- 
tions. 

"Newtown, March ye 7th, 1710. 

The Court was pleased to grant to Mr. John Hubbell in consideration of 
his loss of his finger and ear, etc., one hundred acres of land. Mr. John 
Glover hath bought sd grant of Mr. John Hubbell's sons as may appear 
from these bonds and seals on ye back side of ye copy of Court Grant and 
I being at Mr. John Glover's house ye day above in Newtown he desired 
me to assist him to lay out sd hundred acres near his own land where 
he had about 60 acres formerly laid out by persons appointed and there 
being a slip of land between Mr. Glover's land and a mountain, (NE) also 
sd Glover has a great part of this 100 acres yt taken up within fence and 
for pasturage land. 

The manner and form as it lies and distance is showed in ye annexed 
figure or plott which quantity is not above one hundred acres. 

As per me, William Thompson, Surveyor. 

Recorded December 25, 1712, per me John Glover, Recorder." 

Following the record of the sale of the land to John Glover, we 
have the declaration of John Hubbell's sons that they have sold for 



18 BEARING EACH OTHER'S BURDENS 

a valuable consideration this land. 

"We, Richard Hubbell and Josiah Hubbell, the sons of John Hubbell, 
within mentioned in ye grant of ye election court in May ye 9th, 1678, we 
say we do for a valuable consideration by us in hand received sell and 
make over all our right, title and interest in ye said grant of ye aforesaid 
Court unto Mr. John Glover of Newtown, his heirs and assigns forever. 

Witness our hands and seals, October 10, 1710. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of Joshua Judson and Caleb 
Galpin. 

October ye 2nd, 1710, Richard and Josiah Hubbell personally appeared 
before me and acknowledge this instrument to be their free act and deed. 

James Judson, Justice. 

Recorded on ye backside of ye copy of sd Court Grant, December 25, 1712, 
per me, John Glover, recorder." 

In this brief space is collected all that can be gathered as to that 
land transaction so long ago. To the writer it has a deep interest 
not devoid of pathos. It is one of many instances that crop out 
from the silent pages of Newtown's unwritten history. The grant 
of land was given for the loss of a finger, an ear, etc. 

We would like to know what the "and so forth" included. We 
would like to know how the misfortune came. Was it from skir- 
mishing with a hostile foe? 

Whatever the cause, a sympathy corresponding to the misfor- 
tune showed itself by a substantial acknowledgement from the 
colony, verifying the Scriptural adage, that "when one member 
suffers, all the members suffer with it." 

QUANNEAPAGUE, 

The Home of The Pootatucks. 

The oldest people in Newtown, Newtown born, are of the sixth 
generation in direct line of descent from the first settlers, so that 
information they can give of the town's earliest history must be 
from reminiscenses or as gathered from the earliest of the town 
records. When Jeremiah Turner and Samuel Sanford were each in 
turn given liberty to set a grist mill in the west part of town on 
"Quanneapague Brook," and were to have two parcels of land, one 
of which was a sixteen-acre tract "lying in ye crotch of Quannea- 
pague pond," we have the evidence that our beautiful inland lake, 
nestled down between the hills for aught we know "since the morn- 
ing stars first sang together," was known by that name when the 
white man looked upon it for the first time. If it was handed down to 
the first and second generation of our ancestors, it long since became 
obsolete, but when the land now comprised in the town of Newtown 
was purchased it was known by the Indian name, Quanneapague. 
To prove this, we copy from the first volume of town records five 
separate transactions of sale of petition rights, each independent 
of the others in 1710 and 1711. The question may arise, "What is 
meant by 'petition rights?'" In 1708, the General Court of the 
colony of Connecticut granted to certain petitioners "that all that 
tract of land lying on the west side of Stratford and part of Fair- 
field, westerly by Danbury and a line running from the southeast 
corner of Danbury to Fairfield bounds, northerly by New Milford 
Purchase, shall be one entire town, called by name of Newtown." 




OUANNEAPAGUE 

TAUNTON POND 

From the South End 

See Page 18 




gU ANN EAP AGUE 

TAUNTON POND 

North End 
See Page 18 





SOUTH MAIN STREET 

Looking North 




SCUUDER— SMITH RESIDENCE 

South End Newtown Street 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 19 

Among the Privileges Granted 

, Among the privileges granted those who might become inhab- 
itants was that of free liberty to purchase by petition a parcel or 
I tract that might be claimed by any Indian or others, and a right and 
I privilege at all times in all lands that should be common in the town. 
An individual wishing to purchase a piece of land independently of 
] "pitch" or general division would petition the General Court of the 
colony, which held two sessions yearly, in May and October, for 
the privilege, and, if the Court consented to the request, the petition 
was granted and he was given what was called in law a "petition 
right" by which he could take land where he chose that was com- 
mon land, subject only to the requirements of the General Court. 
To illustrate : 

Upon the request of Captain Ebenezer Johnson, this Court grants him 
liberty to purchase of the Indians about one acre and half of the land that 
was set out to them by the town of Milford, it being unsuitable for the 
Indians and very advantageous to said Johnson to set his fence upon it, also 
having some meadow in it. This Court grants said Captain Johnson's 
request. Colonial Records, Vol. 4, of Connecticut. 

That land was bought by a "petition right" and a person having 
from the Court a petition right could sell the right to any person, 
if he did not care to use it himself. These several recorded sales of 
"petition rights," taken from Vol. 1 of Newtown's Records, each 
say : "In that tract of land called by ye name of Quanneapague and 
now known by ye name of Newtown." 

DEED 1. — Be it known unto all men by these presents yt I, ye sd John 
Minor of Woodbury in ye county of Fairfield in Her Majesty's Colony of 
Connecticut have by these presents, given, granted, alienated, sold and 
confirmed to yt sd John Burrowsh, his heirs and assigns forever, my right 
in ye sd Newtown or Quanneapague in virtue of our petition to ye late 
General Court at Hartford, the which petition right for several reasons 
and particular for two (undecipherable) in hand received, or good security 
for ye same, peaceably to have, hold and occupy and improve ye sd prem- 
ises, with all ye privileages and conveniences therof from ye date hereof 
for ever and for ye confirmation thereof, to all intents and purposes I here- 
to subscribe this 16th day of January, 1710, John Minor. 

Witnessed by us: Daniel Beardsiy, Thomas Sherwood. 

The above named John Minor ye same day of ye date of ye above written 
deed and acknowledged it to be his free act and deed. John Minor, Justice. 

Exactly entered from ye original deed and compared. September '7, 1710. 
Joseph Curtis, assistant clerk. 

DEEDS 2 and 3 — These may signify to whom it may concern that we whose 
names are underwritten have sold unto Richard Hubbell of Stratfield one 
petition right (by grant from ye General Court) at Newtown, (alias) 
Quanneapague, dated in Stratfield, April 1st, 1709. Witness our hands, 

Samuel Hubbell, Jr. 
David Whitlock, Jr. 

Exactly recorded from ye original and compared March 6, 1710. per me, 
Joseph Curtis, one of ye Committee for Newtown. — Vol. 1, Page 44, Town 
Records. 

Know all men by these presents yt I, John Burross of Stratfield in ye 
County of Fairfield, have by these presents given, granted, bargained and 
sold from me and my heirs, executors and administrators and assigns, for- 
ever, all my right, titles and interest in and unto a petition right I purchased 
of Captain Minor of Woodbury of land granted by ye General Assem- 
bly to sd Minor lying in ye bounds of Quanneapague or Newtown I 
say I have sold unto Richard Nichols of Stratford in ye County of Fair- 
field to him, his heirs and assigns forever for a valuable consideration to 
pay 10 pounds in money at eight shillings ye ounce troy weight ye which 



20 QUANNEAPAGUE 

I acknowledge ye receipt of to my full satisfaction and for ye confirmation 
of ve above sd, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, at Stratfield, April 
27, '1710. John Burross. 

Deed 4 — To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come, 
greeting. Know ye, that whereas I, Benjamin Nichols, inhabitant in the 
town of Stratford, in ye county of P^airfield, Colony of Connecticut in New 
England, being one of ye petitioners to ye General Assembly of this prov- 
ince for a right in ye tract of land commonly called by the name of Quan- 
neapogue, and now by the name of Newtown, sd petition being granted, 
I, having a certain right therein, I, ye sd Benjamin Nicolls have sold, and 
do by these presents alienate, set over, and sell to Joseph Fairchild of ye 
above town, county and colony, ye whole of my above sd right with all of ye 
appertenances and privileges thereto belonging both as to ye present and 
future ye are or may be here to belonging for him ye sd Joseph Fairchild, 
his heirs, executors or assigns for ever to hold, occupy, possess and enjoy 
and yt without any let, molestation, hindrance or disturbance from me, my 
heirs or assigns forever, hereby acknowledging to have already received in 
full satisfaction therefore. In testimony of ye above written I have here- 
unto set to mj' hand and seal in Stratford, June 14, 1710. Benjamin Nicholls. 

Benjamin Nicolls, ye subscriber to ye above instrument personally ap- 
peared in Stratford on ye 21st day of December, 1710, and acknowledge ye 
above instrument to which he had signed and sealed to be his own free act 
and deed. 

Joseph Curtis, assistant clerk. 

Deed 5 INDENTURE— This indenture made this fifth day of November, 
in ye tenth year of her Majesty's reign. Anno Domini, one thousand seven 
hundred and eleven, between Joseph Botsford of Milford, planter, in ye 
county of New Haven, within Her Majesty's Colony of Connecticut in New 
England of ye one party, and Joseph Peck of Milford aforesaid ye other 
party, witnesseth that Joseph Botsford of aforesaid, for and in consider- 
ation of a certain parcel or division of land situate in Milford aforesaid 
being ye fifty-second lot in ye second shoot, containing twelve acres, more 
or less lying on ye race bounded with Timothy Baldwin's land northward, 
and a high-way, and east and westward, and John Merwin's land southward 
to him, ye sd Botsford made over by a bill of exchange under ye hand and 
seal of ye sd Peck being equal date and indentured with these presents 
which to }^e full satisfaction of ye sd Botsford hath granted, bargained and 
exchanged and by these presents doth freely, firmly and absolutely grant, 
bargain, exchange, alienate and make over unto Joseph Peck aforesaid, and 
to his heirs and assigns forever, one moity or half a right, sometimes called a 
"petition right" in that tract of land called by ye name of "Quanneapogue" 
and now known by ye name of Newtown in ye County of Fairfield and Colony 
aforesaid, ye whole right being a forty-ninth part of ye whole tract of land, ye 
other moity of ye sd right being for a valuable consideration already sold by 
ye sd Botsford to sd Peck and his heirs forever, is hereby ratified and con- 
firmed however hereafter it may be butted and bounded when it shall be 
divided and a petition made of ye whole or any part of ye aforesaid tract of 
land, together with all ye present and future privileges and to have and to 
hold both ye moities or whole of ye aforesaid right or forty-ninth part of ye 
aforesaid tract of land to him ye sd Joseph Peck, his heirs and assigns as 
a free, absolute and indefeazable estate of inheritance to his and their 
proper use, behoofe and benefit forever, and further, ye sd Joseph Botsford 
doth for himself and his heirs covenant and promise to and with ye sd 
Joseph Peck and his heirs and assignees that he and they shall quietly and 
peaceably have, hold, use and enjoy ye aforsaid right or forty-ninth part 
of ye aforesaid tract of land called Newtown with ye privileges and appur- 
tenances therein to belonging from person or persons whatsover, that 
shall lay any legal claim thereunto or any part thereon forever. 

In witness of ye above premises ye aforesaid Joseph Botsford has here- 
unto set his hand and put to his seal ye day and year first above written. 
Joseph Botsford, seal 

Milford, November 5 1711. 

Joseph Botsford of Milford, subscriber to ye above written instrument 
personally appeared and acknowledged ye above writen instrument to be 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 21 

his act and deed before me. Jonathan Law, 

Justice of the peace. 
Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Richard Baldwin, Thom- 
as Baldwin. Exactly entered from ye original sigment, November 28. 
1711, by me, Peter Hubbell, recorder. 

FIRST GRIST MILL 

About six years after the land had been purchased from the 
Indians, although they had been busy all the time, a wilderness 
still surrounded them, and they were practically cut off from the 
outside world. Sickness was soon to come, and sorrow and death 
might follow. What more natural than that they should feel lonely 
with no well regulated method of "assembling of themselves to- 
gether," for the one common purpose of religious sympathy and 
helpfulness ? 

Next to the settling of a minister and the building of a meeting 
house, the getting of a grist mill that would grind the town's grain 
was matter for serious consideration, being an absolute necessity. 
The records show no action to give any one liberty to take water 
for power until 1711. No artificial ponds had been made, but there 
was the "Great Pond," as spoken of, the Indian name of which was 
"Quanneapague." With no mill for grinding grain, the pioneers 
had from the first been obliged to use a mortar and pestle as the 
Indians did, or go to Stratford on horseback (for they had no wag- 
ons) for the nearest mill. 

At a town meeting at the house of Daniel Foot, 1711, it was " voted that 
Benjamin Sherman, Ebenezer Prindle and Samuel Sanford should view ye 
pond and see if it would contain a grist mill." 

"Voted that Jermiah Turner should have liberty to build a grist mill, and 
ye inhabitants do promise to give ye sd Turner 40 square acres adjoining 
to ye mill." 

At a town meeting Dec. 24, 1711, at the house of Daniel Foot it was "voted 
for Poodertook brook to get a grist mill on Poodertook brook." 

In the meantime, negotiations had got so far along with Jeremiah 
Turner that the inhabitants chose Abraham Kimberly and Turner 
chose John Piatt to pick out the 40 acres he was to have for build- 
ing the mill on Pond Brook, but Turner for some unexplained 
reason did not build the mill. 

At another town meeting Feb. 12, 1712, it was "voted that Samuel Sanford 
shall have the liberty to get a grist mill upon ye Pond Brook that 
Jeremiah Turner had." 

"Voted that Abraham Kimberly, Ebenezer Prindle and John Grififin be 
instructed to draw articles of agreement with sd Sanford as fast as may be." 

The articles of agreement : "To all people to whom these presents shall 
come, we agents for ye Town of Newtown, in ye county of Fairfield and 
Colony of Connecticut in New England, authorized by ye sd Town 
by a vote of ye sd Town at a meeting of ye sd town on ye eleventh day of 
January last past, as by ye record doth appear, do sign, seal and deliver an 
instrument of ye sd Town's behalf for ye conveying and passing over unto 
Samuel Sanford and his heirs and assigns forever, two parcells of land 
hereafter described upon this condition. That ye aforesaid Sanford of 
Newtown, aforesaid, and his heirs and assigns do erect and maintain a 
grist mill on Quanapague brook in Newtown aforesaid or such other place 
as sd Town shall assign and convey for such an improvement and so attend 
ye same as that sufficient stores may be thereby ground for 50 families of 
Newtown, allowing reasonable time for repairing and rebuilding as occas- 
ion shall require, and grinding. Know ye that whereas by instrument 
bearing date of ye 15th of March, 1712, the sd Town did convenant to con- 



22 FIRST GRIST MILL 

vey and confirm unto ye sd Sanford and his heirs and assigns on ye condi- 
tions therein mentioned and ye sd Sanford being now in a fair way to 
accomplish ye erecting of a grist mill, for ye further encouragement we 
ye aforesaid agents for ye town of Newtown, do on ye sd Town's behalf, 
by virtue of ye above sd authority above recited by these presents firmly 
and absolutely grant, make over, and confirm on ye conditions above de- 
scribed, unto ye sd Samuel Sanford and his heirs and assigns forever two 
parcells of land situated in Newtown afore sd, one of which parcells con- 
taining 16 acres lying in ye notch of Quannapague Pond aforesaid bounded 
with an highway on ye northwest, ye other parcel containing 24 acres lying 
on ye northwest side of ye aforesaid highway and bounded on all other 
sides with common land, together with all the privileges and appurtenain- 
ces unto them belonging, to have and to hold to him, his heirs and assigns 
forever, on ye conditions above exprest as free land upon all accounts 
whatsoever excepting only non-performance of ye conditions above sd 
indefeazable estate of inheritance to his and their own use and benefit 
forever. Reserving only to ye sd Town, liberty upon ye failure of sd 
Sanford and his heirs or assigns in any part of ye conditions aforesaid 
to enter and take ye above granted lands and premises. And further, we 
the aforesaid agents on ye behalf of ye sd Town and their successors, do, 
to, and with ye sd Sanford, his heirs and assigns covenant and promise 
ye sd Sanford, his heirs and assigns in ye quiet and peaceable possession 
of ye above granted land appurtenances during ye whole time and term of 
his and their performances of sd conditions according to ye true intent and 
meaning thereof against all and every person or persons whatsoever that 
shall lay and legal claim unto ye premises or any part thereof to warrant 
and defend forever. 
Witness whereof we have hereunto sett our hands and seal. 

Samuel Sanford (Seal) 

Abraham Kimberly (Seal) 
Ebenezar Prindle (Seal) 

John (X) Grifin (Seal) 

Witness, mark 

Jno. Leavenworth, 
John Foote, 
September 12, 1713. 

John Peck, Recorder. 

A year or more passed and as neither Turner nor Sanford entered 
into agreement with the town to build a mill on Pond or Quanna- 
pague brook another town meeting was called to take further action 
in regard to getting a grist mill. 

At a lawful town meeting, December 14, 1714, of ye settled and aproved 
enhabitants of Newtown being duly notified met and assembled together 
made choice of Thomas Bennitt, Abraham Kimberly and Daniel Foot a 
comity in behalf of ye town to agree with Samuel Sanford about ye land 
and stream laying under Mount Pizza and to draw articles of agreement 
with him for ye building and erecting a grist mill there for ye youse of ye 
Town and what land sd Samuel Sanford takes up about sd stream he is to 
lay off as much from his 40 acres of land at ye Pond." 

Recorded per me 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

In accordance with the vote of the town, the committee conferred 
with Samuel Sanford; these articles of agreement were drawn up 
between the town of Newtown and Sanford, to which Samuel 
Sanford agreed: 

"To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come. We agents 
for ye town of Newtown in ye County of Fairfield and Colony of Connecti- 
cut in New England authorized by ye sd Town by vote on December 14, 1714, 
to sign, seal and deliver an instrument on ye sd Town's behalf unto Samuel 
Sanford and his heirs and assigns forever, that is to say a certain parcell 
of land lying under a mountain known by ye name of Pisga, that is to say, 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 23 

all ye land lying under sd mountain to ye bend of ye brook commonly 
called Pohtertuck Brook, so called, with all ye land belonging to us south- 
ward of ye sd mountain to ye farms called Old Farms all sd land thus 
granted bounding eastwardly on ye eastward bank of ye aforesaid brook 
to him ye sd Sanfor, his heirs and assigns forever, provided ye sd Sanford 
throw up with sizer in quantity out of his forty acres of mill land ye sd 
Sanford hath Liberty to take up ye same for part of his 60 acres pitch, 
provided that ye sd Sanford erecteth and buildeth a good grist mill suffic- 
ient for ye supply of ye Town of Newtown at or before ye 20th of August 
next, upon Pohtotuck Brook, provided that ye sd Sanford maketh a good 
mill seasonably, allways allowing suitable time for repairing or rebuilding, 
we ye above sd agents, in ye Town's behalf, engage yt no other grist mill 
shall be erected to ye damage of sd Sanford so long as he sd Sanford doth 
supply ye sd Town with good mills and for ye full performance of ye above 
sd premises we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors or administrators or 
assigns forever. In witness hereof we have set our hands and seals in 
Newtown, this 14th day of December, 1714, in ye first year of our sovereign 
Lord George. 
Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of us. 

Joseph Gray (Seal) 

Peter Hubbell (Seal) 

Samuel Sanford (Seal) 

Thomas Bennitt (Seal) 

Abraham Kimberly (Seal) 
Daniel Foot (Seal) 

September 21, 1715. 

Joseph Peck, Recorder. 

The articles of agreement were duly signed and witnessed, work 
on the foundation was immediately commenced and in due time the 
mill, with a limited assortment of machinery, was announced as 
ready for use. What a real treasure a good picture of the first mill 
would be to the antiquarian of today ! No need that it be large, for 
the town called for one only large enough to furnish 50 families and 
it could be enlarged as necessity required. The records give no 
account of public celebration over its completion, but we can have 
no doubt that in the homes of those godly families prayers of 
thanksgiving were offered to the Giver of all good that, in addition 
to the blessings in their personal and family life by having a min- 
ister settled among them, they were also to have the means where- 
with the grain they raised could be the more easily and effectually 
transformed into the "staff of life." 

It may be a surprise to some that the first grist mill was located 
where the building long known as the Niantic mill stands. It served 
its purpose well during Samuel Sanford's life and for many years 
after his death, the town took entire charge of running the mill. 

Samuel Sanford was about 30 years of age when he came to 
Newtown from Milford, Conn. In 1711, the year Newtown was in- 
corporated a town, he was one of three chosen as selectmen at the 
first annual town meeting, Dec. 4, 1711. William Atwater Sanford, 
sixth generation in direct line of descent, who has compiled a book 
of the Sanford family, has this to say of him : "He was the father of 
ten children, seven of them born in Milford and three in Newtown." 
Of John, second grandson of John Sanford, the writer says: "He 
was one of the largest landholders in Sandy Hook. He was called 
'Squire John." Leaving considerable property to his heirs, his son 
Elijah received the major part, which included the cotton mill erect- 
ed on the site of the grist mill built by Samuel Sanford, that still 



24 FIRST GRIST MILL 

Stands on the banks of the stream flowing through the village ; also 
a grist mill several hundred feet below, which is still used for the 
purpose for which it was originally built. 

When Elijah Sanford died, the mill property passed into the hands 
of his son, David Sanford, and from him to his son, William, grand- 
son of Elijah. A long stretch of years it stood in the Sanford name 
and is owned now by Patrick Campbell. Oft repaired and somewhat 
dull from age, it serves the public, though not exactly as of old, 
when all the work was custom work, as the farmers raised the grain 
they used and the miller got his living from the toll he took for 
grinding, and laid by some cash for a rainy day. Now most of the 
grain for grinding, coming from the West, the farmer goes to mill 
with an empty wagon and money in his pocket, to return with his 
wagon full but pockets empty and, perchance, an increase of the 
debit side of the account. 

The motive power of the old mill has not yet been superseded by 
steam or electricity, as the power still comes from the sparkling 
waters of the Pootatuck, the same old stream, with the same old 
Indian name, which, though differently spelled than of old, is a 
name musical in our ears, whose waters, ever beautiful to look upon 
as they ripple along in sunshine or in shade, until lost in the quiet 
restfulness of the pond below, are again let loose to move the 
great machinery of the rubber works and from thence pursue 
checkered, fascinating wanderings through wooded glen and quiet 
meadows, to find outlet in the waters of our beautifvil river, the 
Housatonic. 

THE FIRST SAWMILL 

Almost as imperative as the necessity for a Grist Mill, was the 
necessity for a Sawmill. 

March 17, 1712, the town voted, that Mr. Benjamin Sherman and Capt. 
John Holley and John Sely shall have Liberty to get a Saw mill on ye deep 
Brook South of ye Town Reserved and ordered four Rods on ye west Side 
of ye Sawmill for A gangway and ordered that iff any man draws any Log 
or Logs into sd Gangway ys sd Log or Logs to be forfitt to ye Town, 
Except sd Logs are drawn or put into sd Gangway to be sawed forthwith 
before any other Logs at sd mill. 

Dec. 24 1713. Voted and agreed upon yt ye proprietors of ye town do 
freely give and grant liberty to Ebenezer Smith, James Hard, Jerimiah 
Turner, John Seely and Joseph Gray of Newtown, to build and erect a 
sawmill on ye Half Way River, so called. North west of Darby road down 
near Stratford, or on Pohtatook River, and as much land as shall be need- 
ful for ye use of sd saw mill so long as sd persons shall erect a mill there, 
provided they will saw for ye town to ye halves all such timber and logs as 
yc inhabitants shall bring to this mill and for two shillings six pence per 
hundred in pay for Whitewood and Chesnut, it is also granted yt they 
shall have liberty of a convenient passage to ye Great River yt ye owners 
of sd mill and ye inhabitants of ye town may have ye advantage of ye 
transportation of their timber, plank, boards and slit work where they shall 
see cause to make sail of ye timber — and sd partners are to build ye saw- 
mill in two years time or else expect to lose ye sd stream. Also voted 
Joseph Gray and Jeremiah Turner are chosen a Committee to lay out con- 
cerning ye land for sd Mill and a Highway to ye Great River called Strat- 
ford River. 

Voted and agreed and ordered four rods on ye west side of ye sawmill 
for a gangway and ordered yt if any man draws any log or logs into sd 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 25 

gangway yt sd log or logs to be forfitt to ye town except sd log or logs 
are drawn or put into sd gangway to be sawed forthwith before any other 
logs at sd mill. John Glover 

Town Clerk. 
December 24, 1713 

John Glover enters caution upon yt land he hath taken up on ye 
north side of ye Half Way River so called at ye mouth of sd River where 
it emptieth into ye Great River, that it be not taken from him for no use 
or pretense whatsoever. 

Test John Glover 

Town Clerk. 

The same year as above, the town Voted that Thomas Bennitt, John Burr 
and Peter Hubbell shall have liberty to set a sawmill on Potatuck Brook any 
where near ye Great River, within 60 Rods of ye Great River Provided they 
ye above sd persons build ye sd mill in ye space of three years. 

Test John Glover town Clerk. 

In 1712 it was voted and agreed That Joseph Dudley shall have liberty to 
get a fulling-mill on the Deep Brook above the saw-mill and the use of 
half an acre about his mill so long as he maintain a sufficient fulling-mill 
thereon the Deep Brook provided he do not damnify the saw mill. 

Deep brook is the stream that crosses the highway in South 
Center district. 

GRANTING TOWN RIGHTS 

Power to choose Town Officers. Compulsory Attendance at Town Meeting 
Settling Bounds With Indians. First Pitches of Land. 

Town rights were granted Newtown by the General Court of 
Connecticut colony in May, 1708. 

At a general assembly holden at New Haven, Oct. 11, 1711: Whereas 
ye general assembly of this colony holden at Hartford in May last, 
upon ye petition of ye inhabitants of Newtown did appoint Capt. John 
Hawley and Mr. Benjamin Sherman of Stratford and Mr. John Piatt of sd 
Newtown to be a committee to lay out such divisions of land within ye sd 
Newtown with ye advice of Mr James Beebie and Mr Thomas Taylor of 
Danbury as should be agreed upon by ye proprietors thereof, and to make 
a return of the findings therein to this assembly at this time, and ye sd 
committee in persuance of ye sd act or order, having lately had a general 
meeting of ye sd proprietors and their agreement in order for laying out a 
certain division on sundry lots of land within ye sd town of Newtown, 
have thereupon proceeded and laid out ye same and have now made their 
return thereof to this Assembly which sd return having been now con- 
sidered ye same is allowed and approved by this assembly and ordered to 
be kept on file. And whereas ye above sd committee by ye desire and on ye 
behalf of ye proprietors and inhabitants of sd Newtown have now petition- 
ed to this assembly to have all such town liberties and privileges granted to 
them as all other towns in this colony generally have and enjoy, and a 
figure for a brand mark for their horses to be appointed for them, upon 
consideration whereof this assembly do give and grant unto sd proprietors 
and inhabitants of ye sd town of Newtown all such liberties, privileges and 
powers in all respects whatsoever as all other towns in this colony gener- 
ally have and do enjoy, and do order and appoint ye figure 7 to be ye town 
"Brand Mark" for their horses, and it is ordered and enacted by this as- 
sembly that the present committee of sd Newtown shall give seasonable 
notice and warning to all ye proprietors and inhabitants thereof to convene 
together in a general town meeting within ye sd town some time in ye 
month of December next upon a day and at a place by him appointed for 
ye choosing of all town officers as ye law directs. 

A true copy of ye record. 

Caleb Stanley, Clerk of Court. 

Entered by me, December ye 23, 1711. 

Stanley Glover, Recorder. 



26 GRANTING TOWN RIGHTS 

Oct. 2, 1911, Newtown held its 200th annual town meeting. Of 
more than 800 electors enrolled in the town, 649 ballots were cast, 
showing that the wheels of town government set in motion 200 
years ago have continued to revolve under varying conditions. 

The year 1911 marked 200 years from the time when the town 
was given power by the General Court of the Colony to elect minor 
officers, and a town clerk, constable, surveyor of highways, field 
driver and fence viewer were chosen, each of whom had to journey 
to Danbury to take the oath of office, after which such business as 
would not conflict with the laws of the General Court could be 
legally transacted in anticipation of the time when full privileges 
would be granted. The election of these officials was in May 1711. 
The first allotment of land was made in March, 1710. The second 
allotment of land was made easterly and adjoining the first in the 
summer of 1711, and on this second plot the village of Newtown 
was laid out. It was in 1711, too, that by vote of the proprietors, 
one acre and a half of land was set apart in which to bury their dead. 
Newtown's first business meeting was held at the house of Peter 
Hubbell. The attendance could not have been large, because in 
1716, Newtown had 30 families ; allowing one voter to a family, 
the show of hands must of necessity have been few. The meeting 
was held on the 24th day of September, 1711, when it voted that 
Peter Hubbell should be Newtown's first town clerk, which office 
he held until 1714. 

"Voted, yt Abraham Kimberly should be constable for ye year ensuing." 

"Voted, yt Ebenezer Prindle and Thomas Sharp should be surveyors of 
highways for ye year ensuing." 

"Voted, yt Johathan Booth shall be field driver or hayward for ye year 
ensuing." 

"Voted, yt Joseph Gray and Daniel Foot shall be fence viewers." 

"Voted, yt Thomas Lake shall slip his 20 acre division and take it on the 
west side of ye rhoad against ye heither part of New Haven plain westerly 
of sd plain to be laid out by ye committee upon ye sd Lake's charge." 

"Voted, yt each proprietor containing ye number of 48 shall forthwith as 
soon as can conveniently be done have four acres of meadow apiece laid 
out by ye committee, ye sd committee to lay out ye same in ye great 
meadow at ye south end of ye town lying on ye Deep Brook, and ye mead- 
ow at ye north end of ye town where it may be as convenient either under 
Mount Tom or elsewhere, as also four acres of meadow for ye ministry as 
ye rest are laid out, and it is to be understood and it is voted, yt swamp 
land that is suitable is accepted as meadow and so to be laid out, ye sd 
committee to size ye whole meadov; and swamp land and ye proprietors 
to draw for ye lots as hath been usual, unless they order otherwise. 

Peter Hubbell, clerk. 

The first annual town meeting, held at the house of Daniel Foot. 

"Voted, yt Ebenezer Pringle should be selectman or townsman ye year 
ensuing, and again voted, yt Samuel Sanford and John Piatt should also 
be townsmen for ye year ensuing." 

"Voted, that Peter Hubbell should be town clerk." 

"Voted, that John Griffin and Benjamin Dunning should be surveyors 
of highways. 

"Voted, yt Daniel Foote and Joseph Gray should be fence viewers for ye 
year and Jonathan Booth should be hayward." 

"Voted, yt Ebenezer Prindle and John Piatt and Samuel Sanford should 
be listers and collectors for ye year and Abraham Kimberly should be 
brander of horses." 

"Voted, yt Peter Hubbell, Ebenezer Prindle, Benjamin Sherman, Abraham 
Kimberly and Joseph Gray shall be a committee to lay out divisions of land 
and highways for ye year ensuing." 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 27 

"Voted, that Benjamin Sherman, Ebenezer Prindle and John Griffin 
should view ye pond and see if it would contain a grist mill." 

"Voted, yt Jeremiah Turner should have liberty to build a grist mill and 
ye inhabitants do promise to give ye sd Turner 40 acres of land adjoining 
ye sd mill. The proprietors do also ask for Mr. Phineas Fisk to come and 
give them another visit. John Glover protests against it." 

"Voted and it is enacted ordered and declared by authority of ye same, 
that all and every person or persons truly and legally notified to give their 
attendance at ye several and respective town meetings yt hereafter shall 
be and shall refuse or neglect to attend on ye sd town meetings at time 
and place, shall pay ye sum of three shillings to ye treasury of ye town 
except ye fine be remitted and released by ye town." 

"It is further enacted and ordered by this Assembly aforesaid, that it is 
and shall be, for ye time being and from time to time, true and legal notice 
for all town meetings to any person or persons, to be notified by ye select- 
man or ye constable or by any other meet or fit person constituted or 
empowered by them, or yt ye town shall impower, which notice shall be 
given with ye time and place to ye person or persons, given or left at ye 
place or ye usual abode and a sertificate or declaration from ye person so 
notifying as above expressed is and shall be a sufficient warrant for ye 
Recorder to record ye meeting lawful and lawfully convened." 

Peter Hubbell, town clerk. 

Later on it was voted and agreed upon "that ye warning for town meet- 
ings for ye future shall be given by setting up notifications by ye selectmen 
at three certain places ten days before ye sd meeting, namely at or near ye 
oak tree near Sargeant Joseph Botsford, one at ye pound, and one at ye oak 
tree near Jonathan Booth's house, which shall be sufficient warning to ye 
inhabitants of Newtown." 

At the same meeting it was further agreed that ye inhabitants aforesaid 
should make choice of John Glover, James Hard, Jeremiah Turner and John 
Piatt, a committee to measure ye land and settle ye bounds with ye Indians 
of that purchase which William Junos purchased of ye Indians with his 
associates in ye boundary of Newtown and to request Col. Johnson and 
Captain Minor's assistance to declare to ye Indians what land they sold by 
ye deed. 

"Also to procure four gallons of rum to treat ye Indians and to refresh 
themselves and charge ye town for ye same and all other charges and 
trouble necessary in completing ye same." 

It was further "voted to lay out 60 acres of land for every right or rights 
of ye sd inhabitants of ye town two miles distant from ye center of ye 
town and as far further as any man shall please to lay by way of pitches 
according to ye following lay or draft : Daniel Foot ye first pitch, Edward 
Fairchild ye second. Job Sherman ye third, John Lake ye fourth. Widow 
Sharp ye fifth, John Dunning ye sixth, Ebenezer Prindle ye seventh, Peter 
Hubbell ye eighth, John Glover ye ninth, John Burr ye tenth, John Seely 
ye eleventh, Freegrace Adams ye twelfth, Matthew Sherman ye thirteenth, 
Benjamin Dunning ye fourteenth, Samuel Ferris ye fifteenth, Jeremiah 
Turner ye sixteenth, Jonathan Booth ye seventeenth, Abraham Kimberly 
ye eighteenth, John Piatt ye nineteenth. Samuel Sanford ye twentieth, and 
the balance of those who drew the 60 acre pitches, in the order their 
names are writen up, to the number of 42, viz : Josiah Burritt, John Griffin, 
Joseph Gray, Stephen Parmalee, Daniel Jackson, James Glover, John 
Blackman, Thomas Bradley, Joseph Miles, Jonathan Hubbell, Stephen Par-/ 
malee, Capt. John Holly, Ebenezer Smith, Nathan Baldwin, Josiah Curtis,i 
John Bardslee, Samuel Beers, Alice Brions heirs, Thomas Bennitt, Mr Rood, 
Ebenezer Booth." 

It should be remembered that these 60 acre "pitches" were made 
two miles or more from the center of the town and, Jan. 29, 1712, 
it was voted in town meeting to lay out ten acres of land, which 
was done. Because of unfair means used, another town meeting 
was held on February ye second, 1712, which was held at the house 
of Daniel Foot, when it was voted to revoke and disallow of ye lot 
that was drawn, January 29, 1712, for ye ten acre division within ye two 



28 GRANTING TOWN RIGHTS 

miles because of some unfair dealings by some persons in drawing ye same 
and ye town for ye reasons aforesaid judged ye lot aforesaid to be unlaw- 
ful and came to a new draft. Peter Hubbell protests against it, yet not- 
withstanding his protests, he, ye aforesaid Hubbell, voted as usual when it 
was put to a vote to know whether ye first lot should stand, and ye town 
at ye above sd town meeting above written came to a new draft for pitching 
for ye ten acre division, which is to be laid out within ye two miles, which 
is as followeth in the order in which the pitches were drawn, viz : John 
Glover, John Burr, Ebenezer Smith, Widow Sharp, Samuel Sanford, 
Stephen Parmalee, John Glover, Thomas Braase, Jonathan Mills, James 
Brisco, James Hard, Peter Hubbell, Jeremiah Turner, Abraham Kimberly, 
Daniel Foot, Samuel Ferris, John Blackman, Edward Fairchild, Jonathan 
Booth, John Lake, Joseph Osborne, Josiah Burritt, Samual Beers, Mrs 
Alice Bryan's heirs, Eben Booth, Joseph Peck, John Piatt, Joseph Dudley, 
Abram Storo, Joseph Miles, Ebenezer Prindle, Freegrace Adams, John 
Seeley, Benjamin Dunning, Mrs Rood, Josiah Curtis, Matthew Sherman, 
Job Sherman, John Morris, Daniel Jackson, John Dunen, Capt. Halley, 
Jonathan Hubbell, John Griffin, Nathan Baldwin, Joseph Gray, Thornas 
Bennitt, John Bardslee. The town voted to allow to ye ten acres for dist- 
ance from ye center of Newtown, two acres a man for two miles, one acre 
and a half for one mile and a half, and one acre for one mile. 

These early pioneers, coming to Newtown from Milford, Strat- 
ford, Guilford, New Haven, Derby and elsewhere, pitched for land 
not only to make themselves homes, but also to become tillers of 
the soil and nation builders as well. 

As announcements were made of drawings for "pitches" of land 
on certain dates the freeholders were expected to be present. At 
the "pitch" made Dec, 1712, 42 pitches were taken. These were 60- 
acre pitches, two miles and over outside the center of the town, 
only one man drawing two pitches, determining the number present 
to have been 41. 

In Jan. 1713, a second pitch was announced, this time to be a ten- 
acre pitch within two miles of the center, at which 49 pitches were 
taken, one man taking three pitches, showing there were 47 free- 
holders present, qualified to meet the requirements necessary to 
have the right to draw a number for a "pitch." How long "pitch- 
ing" for land continued is not certain, but there came a time when 
the town sold tracts of common and undivided land, which contin- 
ued until the township at large became individual property. 

To raise money to meet town expenses, a town meeting held, Aug. 18, 
1713, "voted, determined and agreed and settled to levy all their town 
charges and rates both town and minister's rates upon each petition rate 
proportionably. Voted to make choice of Mr. Thomas Bennitt to cite all 
those that hold tracts of farm land within ye boundaries of Newtown to 
appear before ye next General Court to be held ye next October at New 
Haven to give ye reason why they ought not to pay rates in Newtown to 
ye ministers and school, except they will agree to pay, and will pay without 
their being cited." 

John Glover, Town Clerk. 

Another town meeting, two weeks later, Sept. 1, 1713, "voted and agreed 
to give ten shillings per head for those wolves that were killed by ye 
inhabitants before this date, and for further encouragement after ye date 
of those presents, if any inhabitant shall kill or destroy any grown wolf 
or wolves within ye bounds of Newtown he shall have 15 shillings per head 
and half as much for a wolf's whelp yt suck." 

It was also voted and agreed that every right or allotment shall bear an 
equal proportion of ye charge ye proprietors have been at from ye time 
when sd proprietors had town privileges granted by ye General Court, to 
January, 1714. 

Also voted that every right or allotment for defraying ye charge ye 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 29 

proprietors have been at to ye above mentioned date of January, 1714, 
shall pay ye sum of 17 shillings as money. 

PITCHING FOR LAND. 

Proposition of John Glover. Proprietors' Meetings. Settling disputed 
Boundary Line Between Stratford and Newtown. 

For the first 75 years of Newtown's life, town meetings were 
frequent. The laws of the General Court made it obligatory to hold 
the annual town meeting in December, at which time town officers 
were chosen and provisions made for the management of town 
afTairs. Politics cut no figure in any department of the town's 
business life. 

There were also proprietary rights considered at what were call- 
ed proprietors' meetings, that were held when, by petition, they 
were called for. The care, the use and the disposal of common land 
was a frequent theme for discussion and plans were devised by 
which proprietors' meetings would act in harmony with town offic- 
ials. The first business was to settle a long disputed claim in 
regard to the line between Stratford and Newtown,which was run 
by the county surveyor after the land had been purchased from the 
Indians. Up to this time their chief concern had been to pitch for 
land, and settle disputes and dififerences that might arise. 

My grandfather, born in 1772, used to tell me in my younger days, 
and others of his time told me the same, that land holders as far 
down as 1800 looked upon swamp land as being more valuable than 
upland, as they depended so much upon swamps for their hay for 
winter use, while they turned upland to corn, wheat, flax, buck- 
wheat, potatoes and oats ; that too rocky to plow was sheep pas- 
ture. Swamp land was called meadow land. 

At a proprietors' meeting, Sept. 24, 1711, it was voted that Thomas Lake 
shall slip his 20 acre division and take it on ye west side of the road against 
ye neither part of New Haven Plain westerly of sd plain to be laid out by 
ye sd committee at sd Lake's charge and that each proprietor containing 
ye number of 48 shall forthwith as soon as can conveniently be done, have 
four acres of meadow apiece laid out by ye committee, j^e sd committee to 
lay out same in ye great meadow at ye south end of ye town lying on ye 
Deep Brook and ye meadow lying on ye north end of ye town where it 
may be as convenient, either under Mount Tom or elsewhere, and also four 
acres of meadow for ye ministry as ye rest are laid out, and it is under- 
stood and it is voted that swamp land that is suitable is accepted as 
meadow and so to be laid out. The sd committee to size ye wliole meadow 
and swamp land and ye proprietors to draw for ye lots as hath been usual, 
unless they order otherwise. 

Peter Hubbell, Town Clerk." 

March 4, 1712, it was also "voted for ye committee to begin on ye north 
side of Mr. Sherman's mile square, (Queen street divides it now, 1910) for 
ye four-acre division so far as it will hold out, and as near elsewhere as it 
may be found to make up ye number of 49 lots." 

It was also voted, March 10, 1712, that ye land on ye north side of Mr 
Sherman's mile square shall be laid out in a general field and for every 
petitioner to have an equal share in ye "general field," be it more or less, 
and that after lots are laid out timber and stone shall be free for any man 
till improvement be made by ye owners of such lots. The improvement is 
to be understood fencing and ye committee shall have three pence per acre 
for laying small divisions. 

April 2, 1712, it was "voted for to take ye four-acre divisions that is to 
be laid out in "pitches" and that ye proprietors shall go eight in a company 



30 PITCHING FOR LAND 

and draw by figures, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and so on until the whole number 
of 49 lots be drawn, and laid out. Also voted that John Glover shall have 
his "pitch" at ye rear of his home lot, to ye east and north of ye highway, so 
far as it will hold out, and ye sd Glover will pay to ye town treasurer 
twelve shillings for his "pitch." 

Voted that if any of ye proprietors don't agree when ye time comes for 
to "pitch" they shall lose their pitch and ye next shall take it successively, 
and ye seventh day of April shall be ye day for ye first company to pitch, 
and successively till they have done, excepting foul weather hinders. 

Peter Hubbell, Recorder." 

In February, 1712, a ten-acre pitch for 49 pitches meant 490 acres addi- 
tional ownership. The act was carried out under a vote passed "to lay out 
ten acre of land to each petition right any where within two miles from ye 
center of ye town by way of pitches except ye land lying on ye north side 
of ye Deep Brook from Abraham Kimberly's point to where ye brook runs 
into Mr. Sherman's farm to ye south end of ye town. Also at ye northwest 
end of ye town from ye north corner of John Glover's 20 acre lot to Mr 
Rood's 12 acre lot, ye line to be south of Bear swamp from thence to ye 
north corner of Josiah Burritt's 20 acre lot, according to ye following draft, 
except any man fail when it comes to his pitch, then the next man to fall in 
and take his pitch by possession. Ye sd ten acres of land is to begin to be 
pitched for, and laid out ye February second 1712, and to be sized by ye 
committee. 

Ye pitches, Josiah Curtis ye 1, Job Sherman ye 2; Peter Hubbell, ye 3; 
Joseph Gray, ye 4; John Dunning, ye 5; Joseph Miles, ye 6; Abraham 
Kimberly, ye 7; Ebenezer Booth, ye 8; Jeremiah Turner, ye 9; Nathan 
Baldwin, ye 10; Samuel Ferris, ye 11; John Glover, ye 12; minister, ye 13; 
Daniel Foot, ye 14; Freegrace Adams, ye 15; James Hard, ye 16; John 
Glover, ye 17; John Piatt, ye 18; Mathew Sherman, ye 19; Mr. Rood, ye 20, 
22, 26; Benjamin Dunning, ye 24; John Burns, ye 25; Capt. Halley, ye 27; 
Widow Sharp, ye 28; Ebenezer Prindle, ye 29; John Beardsley, ye 30; 
Thomas, ye 31; Jonathan Booth, ye 32; Daniel Jackson, ye 33; Samuel 
Sanford, ye 34; Joseph Osborn, ye 35; Ebenezer Smith, ye 36; Jonathan 
Hubbell, ye 37; Joseph Peck, ye 38; John Morris, ye 39; John Griffin, ye 40; 
James Bisco, ye 41; Stephen Parmalee, ye 42; Joseph Dudley, ye 43; 
Jonathan Mills, ye 44; John Seely, ye 45; John Blackman, ye 46; Edward 
Fairchild, ye 47; Samuel Beers, ye 48; Thomas Bennitt, ye 49. 

This offer from John Glover was laid before the proprietors' meeting; 
I, John Glover, of Newtown, County of Fairfield in Connecticut, do declare 
yt I do give liberty for 48 families with myself to take up and settle all 
that tract of land I bought of William Junos as ye deed on record will 
show what land I, ye sd Glover, have, which land sd Glover gives liberty 
to be settled at will forever, or to loan with reference what ye town shall 
give for ye fee simple of sd land, except what sd Glover has taken up 
according to court grant, and my petition rights, ye fee simple thereof 
reserved to myself. John Glover." 

The proprietors made choice of Capt. John Halley of Stratford and 
Peter Hubbell of Newtown and empowered them to act, and to represent 
ye town and also to choose a man to arbitrate and make up all contriv- 
ences between ye town and John Glover aforesaid, and John Glover to 
choose another man, which arbitrators are to determine what ye town 
shall pay to sd Glover for his native rights in Newtown as offered, and the 
town at a town meeting agreed to and with John Glover to bind them- 
selves and heirs in a bond of ten thousand pounds to John Glover and his 
heirs, to stand by ye award of ye arbitration of ye two arbitrators which 
are to be indifferently chosen. 

Entered John Glover, Town Clerk." 

Call of the proprietors of Newtown to elect a proprietors clerk : 

"At a meeting of the proprietors of Newtown warned by authority as 
the law directs for such cases, holden May ye 4, 1724, the bisness to be at- 
tended att sd proprietors' meeting is to make choice of a proprietors' 
clerk to consult about a pattent for the Township of Newtown, to pitch 
upon a time when to begin to lay out ye 30 acre division, and to do some- 
thing about ye land yt Mr John Reed has laid out in ye neck so-called 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 31 

above ye Pond Brook. Peter Hubbell by ye vote of the proprietors chosen 
proprietors' clerk and sworn by Thomas Bennitt, justice. This meeting 
adjourned to ye 13th day of instant May at 5 of ye clock afternoon. At an 
adjourned meeting agreed and voted held May 13, 1724, to warn ye propri- 
etors' meeting in Newtown by notifications set up in writing to be set up 
in three several places in Newtown, one at ye north end of ye town near 
Capt Thomas Bennitt's and on, at or near Abraham Kimberly's shop and 
ye other near Joseph Botsford's house which notifications are to be set up 
by ye proprietors' clerk as the law directs six days before ye meeting and 
ye proprietors are to be assembled or to convene together at ye beat of ye 
drum at time and place appointed, which methods are to stand good till 
ye proprietors see cause to alter ye same. 

Peter Hubbell, Clerk." 
"Newtown, April ye 3, 1725, att a proprietors' meeting legally called and 
warned by ye proprietors' clerk to make choice of some persons to meet 
Stratford committy at the head boundary between Stratford and Fairfield 
on ye fifth day of instant April att tenn of ye forenoon. Then made choice 
and elected Reverend Thomas Tousey, Mr. John Glover, Mr. John Leaven- 
worth, Mr. Joseph Peck and Mr. Ephriam Peck a committy to settle ye 
I head line between Stratford and Newtown and to use any leagale measures 
I for ye accomplishing the same, and in case there shall arise any dispute 
between Stratford agents and above said committee yt we do empower the 
, committee above named or any three of them agreeing to leave ye 
! desition of that matter to three uninterested gentlemen that shall be 
mutually chosen by both partys, and upon their award to sett down for- 
ever satisfied as they in their wisdom shall think fitt. To be understood 
that the work of choosing three uninterested gentlemen to determine as 
I above exprest, is refered to ye above sd committy for ye proprietors of 
Newtown as far as it concerns ye part of Newtown. This meeting ad- 
journed to ye ninth day of April at five of ye clock afternoon. 

Peter Hubbell, Clerk." 
"Agreement as to the lines between Stratford and Newtown. This 
, writing witnesseth that Mr. Thomas Tousey, Mr. John Glover, Mr. Joseph 
I Peck and Mr. Ephriam Peck, proprietors and committee and agents for 
I Newtown and Mr Joseph Curtiss, Capt. James Lewis, Mr. John Wilcokson, 
! Mr Joseph Judson, Selectmen of Stratford and committee for sd town to 
1 settle the line between Stratford and Newtown for final issue and deter- 
mination of all differences between said towns have mutuallj' agreed 
respecting sd bounds of Stratford and Newtown as followeth. Begining 
at the northwest corner bounds betwixt Stratford and Fairfield a due cross 
I line as already run by Ensigne Edmund Lewis, County surveyor, which line 
i runs upon a due cross line from sd northwest corner on the south or 
southerly side of ye swamp called Monkantick swamp and so upon a strait 
line to ye brook or river called ye Half Way River and there the said river 
until it emptieth itself into the Grate River, which river and straight line 
frorn the northwest come aforesaid to be the north bounds of Stratford and 
ye fixed bounds between Stratford and Newtown, according to means and 
bounderies now erected by said Edmund Lewis, county surveyor. A 
straight due cross line as bounds are set by sd surveyor from the northwest 
corner bounds aforesaid to the half way brook and from thence the sd 
brook to be the bounds between the sd town as aforesaid. In witness 
whereof and for confirmation of ye above boundaries betwixt the sd town 
of Stratford and Newtown is confirmed by the committee of each town 
subscribing as agents for sd towns, this 19th day of April, 1725. 

On this 29th day of April, 1725, I declare by my subscription hereunto my 
concurrence in and with above sd agreement. 

Committee for Stratford. 
Joseph Curtis, 
James Lewis, 
John Wilcokson Jr., 
Joseph Judson. 
Committee for Newtown. 
John Glover, 
Thomas Tousey, 
Joseph Peck. 
Entered this 28th day of December, 1725, per me, Peter Hubbell, Clerk. 



32 PITCHING FOR MEADOW LAND 

PITCHING FOR MEADOW LAND, 

In ye Great Boggs and ye Little Boggs and Elsewhere. 

Pitching for land means drawing by lot. At the town meeting in 
September, 1711, it was voted to take two pitches for meadow land, 
the one to be under Mount Tom, and the other to be below Deep 
brook. 

Mount Tom is the name given more than 200 years ago to the 
highest point in the range of hills running northerly from Walnut 
Tree hill to Hanover, Through the intervale at the base of the 
hill's western slope flows the stream that feeds what is known as 
Foundry Pond (the town's skating rink every mid-winter) flowing 
on in serpentine course until it enters the Pootatuck near the 
village of Sandy Hook still remembered by its old name, Tom brook. 

The other drawing by lot arranged for at this meeting was to be 
south of Deep brook. That swamp land lay and still lies as swamp, 
part of which is still mown, and the balance is a maple swamp. It 
lies on the west side of the railroad, as you round the rock curve 
about a mile south of Newtown station. Forty eight proprietors 
(and that was all the town numbered in 1711) were to draw lots, 
and the lots were to contain four acres each. 

At a town meeting, Sept. 24, 1711, it was voted that each proprietor to 
the number of 48 shall forthwith as soon as can conveniently be done have 
four acres of meadow apiece laid out by ye committe, the said committee 
to lay out ye same in ye great meadow at ye south end of ye town lying 
on ye Deep Brook and ye meadow at ye north end of ye town where it 
may be convenient either under Mount Tom or elsewhere. Also four acres 
of meadow for ye ministry as ye rest are laid out, and it is understood and 
it is voted that swamp land that is suitable is accepted as meadow and so 
to be laid out, ye sd committee to size ye whole meadow and swamp land 
and ye proprietors to draw for ye lots as hath been usual unless they order 
otherwise. 

Voted that for to take ye four acre division that is to be laid out by 
"pitches." 

Voted, that the proprietors shall go eight in a company and draw by 
figures as 1,2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, till ye whole number of 48 lots be laid out. Voted 
yt Abraham Kimberly shall draw for all of ye proprietors of ye town. 

Voted that if any of ye proprietors of ye town don't agree when ye time 
comes for to pitch they shall lose their pitch and ye next shall take it 
successively. 

Voted yt ye 7th day of April, shall be ye day for ye first company to 
pitch and successively till they have done, excepting foul weather hinders. 

In 1716 the town voted another drawing of meadow lots at ye 
Great Boggs and ye Little Boggs. As we drive from Newtown 
street to Bethel, by what is known as the lower road, when we 
have driven a half mile or so we drop into a valley of swamp land 
on either side of the road, passing through maple swamp and open 
swamp, some of which is still mown, while on either side is as fertile 
upland meadow and pasture as one need rest their eyes upon. We 
drive on a little further and enter another strip of low land thickly 
wooded, until we come to what is still known as Morgan's four 
corners. We enter this long strip of swampy land at what is 
known on the records as the Head of the Meadow from which the 
school district, first called on the records Scoschia, then Sugar 
Street. The records tell us that the drawing for meadow land was 
made at the head of the meadow in the Great Boggs and the Little 
Boggs. 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 33 

At a town meeting, Jan. 12, 1716, "It was voted to lay out ye Great Boggs 
lying at ye head of ye northwest sprain of Pootatuck brook sou'west from 
ye town, in ye bounds of sd town, and ye little meadow also lying about 
half a mile easterly on ye stream that comes out of ye great bogs. 

Also voted that ye above sd two pieces of meadow land above mentioned 
shall be equally divided to each proprietor by a Sizer, what is wanting in 
quality to be made up in quantity. 

Voted also at sd meeting that James Hard, Jeremiah Turner, Daniel 
Foot, and Peter Hubbell be a committee and are empowered to lay out ye 
above granted division of meadow land by Sizure according to their best 
judgment. 

Joseph Peck, Recorder." 

Feb. 5, 1716, "It was voted that John Lake and John Bristol shall be 
and are empowered to lay out ye above granted divisions of meadow land 
with ye committee above named. 

Joseph Peck, Clerk." 

February 8, 1716, "Agreed and voted to draw ye meadow lotts laid out in 
ye great Boggs and Little Boggs. This division of land was granted Jan- 
uary 12, 1716, February 11,1717. We ye subscribers hereof a committee for 
laying out ye Great Boggs and ye Little Boggs near adjoining according to 
ye trust reposed in us have been upon and accomplished sd work in man- 
ner following: The lot on ye north side of ye brook in ye Great Boggs, 
ye most eastward lot of ye tier of lots lies on ye side of ye Brook bounding 
eastwardly on land of John Griffin, north on ye upland, south on ye brook 
and after ye manner ye rest on ye tier. The division ye first column of 
figures showing ye number of ye lots, ye second ye width at ye upland or 
swamp, ye third ye width at ye brook. The number in all being SO according 
to ye number of rights. The lots on ye south side of ye Brook begining on 
John Gfifiin's land, there being allowance for private highways through all 
ye lots on ye south brook till it comes to a highway between ye 28th and 
29th lots and where any lots do not join to ye upland there is allowance in 
ye next lots to get along from ye cross highway to ye upland. Att ye north 
easterly corner of ye Great Boggs laid out two lots against ye northerly 
end of ye 29th, 30th, 31st lots, ye 34th joining upon them and ye 35th join- 
ing upon ye 34th so yt between them there is liberty for a private highway." 
Then follow the names of those who draw lots, in the order in 
which they drew, up to the number of 50, the whole number of pro- 
prietors. 

Joseph Blackman, 1; Samuel Prindle, 2; John Glover, 3; Mr Glover, 4; 
John Read, 5; Edward Fairchild, 6; John Read, 7; Jehew Burr, 8; Ephriam 
Peck, 9; Daniel Jackson, 10; Samuel Samp and John Golot, 11 ; Daniel Fott, 
12; Daniel Baldwin, 13; Samuel Beers. 14; Ebenezer Prindle, 15; John Grffin 
and John Treadwell, 16; Mathew Sherman, 17; John Read, 18; John Seely, 
19; Joseph Peck, 20; Hullhens and James Hard, 21; Job Shermanj 22; 
Thomas Bracy and Jeremiah Northrupp, 23; Peter Hubbell, 24; Jonathan 
Hubbell, 25; Thomas Bennitt, 26; Jonathan Booth, 27; Benjamin Dunning, 
28; Ephraim Osborn, 29; Freegrace Adams, 30; Moses Johnson, 31; 
Abraham Kimberly, 32; Samuel Ferris, 33; Ebenezer Johnson, 34; Samuel 
Sanford, 35; John Read, 36; Josiah Bennitt, 37; Thomas Toucey, 38; John 
Lake, 39; Jeremiah Turner, 40; Mr Tousey, 41; Thomas Sharp's heirs, 42; 
Joseph Gray, 43; Capt. Halley, 44; Capt. Curtis, 45; Ebenezer Booth, 46; 
John Piatt, 47; Eleazer Morris, 48; Joseph Bristol, 49; Stephen Parmalee, 50. 

Peter Hubbell, 
Daniel Fott, 
Joseph Bristol, 

Committee. 
Recorded March 25, 1717. 
Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 
Aug. 1, 1717, following the lay out of meadow land, a town meeting was 
called and the following resolutions adopted : 

"Whereas there was a division of meadow land granted to each Right or 
Proprietor of Newtown, January 12, 1717 (viz) to each Petition Right, 
their equal proportion of land by sizure, the two tracts of meadow land 



34 PITCHING FOR MEADOW LAND 

lying at ye head of ye nor'west sprain of ye Pohtatuck brook sou'west 
from ye town in ye bounds of sd Newtown, which is called ye Great Boggs 
and ye Little Boggs. lying about half a mile down ye same stream, also a 
committee appointed to lay out ye same and ye committee have finished 
their work and made return of their doings, and each proprietor's lot is 
recorded, as now fully appears on reccord. Whereas, Mr. Daniel Burr, 
Senr. of Fairfield, and Mr. Samuel Burr, ye son of Major John Burr, 
deceased, do lay claim to ye aforesaid Boggs, therefore at a lawful meeting 
of ye proprietors of Newtown this August 1, 1717, then agreed and voted 
that if any of ye aforesaid Burrs, or any person or persons representing 
sd gentlemen, shall molest any particular proprietor or proprietors in ye 
improvement of their meadow lots and prosecute any proprietor in a court 
of law that each proprietor having in either of ye above sd tracts of 
meadow a lott shall pay his or their equal proportion of all ye charges yt 
shall arise in going through ye law to try title of land with ye Burrs in 
defending of ye aforesaid tract of meadow land. 

Entered August ye 1st, 1717, per Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 
As no law-suit followed the drawing of the meadow lots, the 
owners held them in peaceable possession free to dispose of them 
by sale or otherwise. 



NEWTOWN'S FIRST MEETING HOUSE 

A Brief History of its Building, Furnishing and Moving, with Sketch of 
the Present Church Edifice. 

Could we dissociate the past from the present and see Newtown 
Street as it was when the meeting house was built and when the 
Town House was built, I am sure we could the more readily enter in- 
to the spirit of those times and realize more fully how things were, 
but that is difficult especially for those in middle life or younger. 
Children are thinking of the present, young people of the near 
future, while those in middle life, busy with the cares increasing 
about them, are ever looking forward to the time when they may 
hope to lay down life's greater burdens and engage in retrospection. 
It is left to the aged to find their greatest pleasure in dwelling upon 
the past, and recalling forms and faces of those who started on life,s 
journey with them, and of happenings of childhood, of early life, 
and of later years, if, perchance, their lives have been lived in or 
near the ancestral home. 

The first action taken about building a meeting house was at a town 
meeting Nov. 23, 1713. when it was "Voted, that John Glover, James Hard 
and Ebenezer Smith be a committee to hire workmen on ye town's account 
to build a meeting house to serve God in, 40 foot long and 32 foot between 
Joynts." 

We find nothing further referring to the matter until Dec. 26, 
1717, and on the day following. No written agreement was entered 
into and for some unknown reason it fell through. Naught appears 
again on record about a meeting house until Nov. 18, 1718. 

In the spring of 1718, the Colonial Court, convened at Hartford, 
came to the aid of the proprietors in their attempt to build a meet- 
ing house, by laying a tax of one penny an acre yearly for four years. 
The vote : 

"The proprietors of farm to paj^ at that rate for so many acres as they 
have by grant, and every proprietor of a right to pay for 400 acres pro- 
portionately for any part of a right, and all that have purchased any 
quantity of land in sd town to pay according to ye number of acres express- 
ed in their deeds, all ye money to be raised by this tax to be improved for 
building a meeting house." 

May 15, 1719, the town "voted that ye committee for ye care of erecting 
a meeting house shall have power to defer ye time for ye completion of ye 
sd house according to agreement until June in ye year of 1720." 

In the meantime Thomas Scidmore, inhabitant and landed pro- 
prietor in Newtown, came forward with an ofifer to build a meeting 
house on certain conditions which led to the calling of a town 
meeting on Nov. 18, 1718, to act upon the proposition of Thomas 
Scidmore, the result being as follows : 

'Voted, that whereas Thomas Scidmore hath made offer to this town for 
ye sum of 45 pounds to get and hew ail ye timber for a meeting house of 
dimensions as followeth and to frame it workmanlike, viz.. In length, 30 
foot, in breadth 36 foot and between joynts 20 foot, and also to cover it, 
the sides with clabbord and the ruff with short shingles, the town finding 
nails and boards to shingle on, and to do all ye carting, and whereas the 
Town doth comply with his motion, it is by this meeting voted Mr John 
Glover, Mr Thomas Bennitt and Mr Joseph Peck shall be a committe and 



36 NEWTOWN'S FIRST MEETING HOUSE 

shall have full power to concert all matters necessary with sd Scidmore 
relating to sd work in behalf of ye town. Draw writing with sd person 
consarning aforementioned work, thereby to bring him under due obliga- 
tions and to render him secure with respect to ye payment of ye aforesaid 
45 pounds, upon his answering of ye engagement, also that sd committee 
shall have full power to oversee sd work and to do and get done what- 
soever shall be necessary to the carrying on or perfecting of it until sd 
Scidmore shall have answered the proposals above mentioned." 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

With the contract let for building the meeting house, the next matter 
was its location. At a town meeting Jan. 8, 1719, it was "voted and agreed 
that the Cross Lane or that by John Piatt's or rather where the lane that 
runs easterly and westerly intersects the maine town street or the street 
that runs northerly and southerly shall be ye place to set or erect the 
meeting house or house for carrying on ye public worship of God that is 
already agreed upon to be built." 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

January 27, 1720, another town meeting was called when it was "agreed, 
concluded and voted that an addition of 20 feet should be made to ye 
meeting house, which was agreed upon now, to be 50 feet in length. 
Further voted that Thomas Bennitt, James Peck and Jeremiah Turner 
should be and are appointed by this vote in behalfe of this town to cove- 
nant and agree with Thomas Scidmore to frame and cover ye above 20 feet 
added to ye meeting house, also to take ye whole care and oversee of 
getting ye shingles, clabboards and other stufif." 

One can readily see that for 45 ])ounds. which in our money 
would be less than $225, the building, finished according to.contract, 
inust have been not much more than a barn, and even 20 feet added 
to its length, making its entire length 50 feet, would not add to its 
comfort, while it would add much to the aggregate expense. We 
will show from the records that making the interior comfortable 
and convenient was the slow work of years. 

The records show that, though unfinished, it was ready to occupy 
before Rev. Thomas Toucey resigned in 1724, because one pew was 
built for ye use of ye Rev. Mr. Toucey's family. 

When Mr Toucey's successor. Rev. Elisha Kent, came, a pew 
was built for ye Rev. Mr Kent's family. With these exceptions 
there were nothing but wide benches for seats and no other furnish- 
ings save an open fire place where they could roll on logs for bodily 
comfort. 

Things remained in this way until 1735, when at a town meeting April 

22, 1735, it was "voted and agreed that ye Presbyterian society shall as 

soon as may be, erect and set up in ye Presbyterian meeting house on ye 

north side six fationable pews, three on either side of the pulpit, and ye 

tax to defray ye charge of building ye same if there be money enough, to 

be paid by ye town but if not, then ye sd society to defray ye charge of ye 

above sd pews." Also "voted that there is liberty to build two pews more, 

one on ye west side of Mr Kent's pew and ye other on ye east side of Mr 

Tousee's pew, so as not to damnify ye gallery stairs, which pews are to 

be built at ye cost of ye particular persons that ye committy shall allow, 

they bearing their proportion of ye charges of finishing ye meeting house 

notwithstanding." t^^^^u d i t- /^i i 

" Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

Nothing more was done towards making the interior of the meet- 
ing house more comfortable or attractive until after the installa- 
tion of the Rev. David Judson in 1743. 

December 9, 1745, the society "voted to proceed so far in ye finishing of 
our publick meeting house as to lay ye gallery floor and erect a fore seet 
and also ye gallery stairs. A rate of three pence on the pound was laid 
and Heth Peck, Donald Grant and Deacon Bennitt were appointed 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 7^ 

to look after the work, to whom Abel Booth, Alexander Bryan and 
Caleb Baldwin were added later. Within two months i230 was 
raised which decided the society, January 30, 1746, to lay it out, "in 
rectifying ye underpinning, in rectifying ye gable ends and in puting on 
good fine boards and if subscription shall be more than sufficient for doing 
' all ye aforesaid outside work, with glass and nails, that what remains shall 
be laid out on ye inside of ye house so far as it is consistent with ye 
prudent and advantageous management, and whatever more was necessary 
to ye outside of ye house to make it fationable." 

In the spring of 1746, it was voted to build a "bellfree." The 
; galleries were still without seats and April 24, 1749, "a rate of 12 
j pence on the pound was laid for finishing ye meeting house as to ye 
i galeries and plastering over head or any other work in sd house which 

shall be seen needful. Jeremiah Northrop, Abram Bennitt, John Botsford 

and Caleb Baldwin were in charge of the work. 

In 1762 Captain Amos Botsford, Lieutenant Nathaniel Brisco, 
Gideon Botsford, Ebenezer Ford, and Caleb Baldwin 3rd were 
I appointed a committee "to build a steeple at ye east end of ye 
' meeting house if there shall be money enough signed to build ye 
same." At a society's meeting, Sept. 6, 1762, Captain Amos 
Botsford and Lieutenant Nathaniel Brisco promised " that at their 
own cost and charge they would procure a good bell of about 500 pounds 
weight fit to hang in ye steeple and that it shall be for ye use of sd society 
as long as there shall be a Presbiterian society to meet in ye above sd 
meeting house, that is to say, if ye above sd society will go on to complete 
ye steeple, fix ye outside of ye meeting house and culler it and culler ye 
pulpit and ye society voted to go on and finish ye steeple and culler ye 
house and culler j'e pulpit according to ye proposal." 

January 4, 1763, "Voted that ye work of fixing ye meeting house should 
be completed by November 1, 1763, at which vote passed, Captain Amos 
Botsford and Lieutenant Nathaniel Brisco made open declaration that 
they freely and frankly gave ye bell, which they had procured for ye use 
of ye society so long as there should be a Presbiterian society to meet in 
sd house." 

Up to this time Stephen Parmalee had been hired to beat the 
drum for religious meetings, town meetings and public gatherings 
but the spirit of progress was developing and at a meeting Jan. 9, 
1764, it was "voted that Abel Botsford should be bell ringer for ye year 
ensuing and shall ring ye bell on ye Sabbath and on all other public times 
and at 9 o'clock at night and shall have for his services for ringing ye bell 
and sweeping ye meeting house 40 shillings a year." 

The bell was used until May, 1787, when it was "voted to get a new bell 
in sd meeting house" and the meeting was adjourned to ye first Monday after 
ye new bell should arrive in Newtown. It is on record "that on ye first 
day of July, 1767, ye committee for ye bell took ye old bell to Fairfield, 
got it recast, brought it back and it was hung on the 3rd day of July, 1767," 
and the society's records further gratefully adds, "it is always to be under- 
stood that ye inhabitants of ye church of England society in Newtown 
signed of ye above money of £27-4s-7d and provitions, ye sum of five pounds 
12s-9d, nearly a fifth of the whole cost." 

January 9, 1769: "Voted that ye time of intermission between meetings 
on ye Sabbath shall be one hour and one quarter to the tenth of March 
next." 

"Voted, that ye meeting house bell shall be rung at all seasons needful, 
at deaths and funerals, and other occasions of lectures and religious meet- 
ings of a religious nature." 

"Voted, that Abiel Botsford is chosen to ring ye bell at all times and 
seasons as above and that he is to have for his services three pounds per 
year to be paid out of ye town treasury." 



38 NEWTOWN'S FIRST MEETING HOUSE 

It makes a long story even to give an outline of the history of 
the building of "the first meeting house." At this time, New- 
town contained three hundred and fifty families. Our fathers, 
where are they? And do the children live forever? But the old 
bell that has done continuous service for 143 years still hangs in 
the belfry sending forth its peal over the hills and adown our val- 
leys, calling new forms and new faces "not to forget the assem- 
bling of themselves together as the manner of some is," but to join 
in the service of devotion, adoration and praise, and though the 
old bell is cracked, its tones are still sweet music to him who has 
been hearing them for nearly four score years. 

This inscription is cast on the bell, "The Gift of Capt. Amos Botsford and 
Lieutenant Brisco, 1768." 

During the Revolutionary war the society fell into sore straits, 
a wide divergence of opinion prevailed, many of its members were 
Tories, although their minister espoused the cause of the colonies. 
The time had passed when the society was depending on the town 
to pay the minister's rate and funds ran low. Those who would 
not take the oath of fidelity to the cause of the colonies absented 
themselves from public worship on the Lord's day, and to win them 
back the society called a meeting for Oct. 9, 1781, under the follow- 
ing warning : 

"Notice is hereby given to the first society in Newtown, that a society's 
meeting will be held on Tuesdaj- ye 9th at 2 o'clock p. m. at the meeting 
house in said district to transact ye business (viz) of ascertaining ye 
number and strength of sd society, of making sale of ye parsonage lott, 
belonging to sd society, of disposmg of ye floor of sd meeting house, so 
much as is sufficient for 12 pews, of repairing said meeting house and new 
painting of ye outside of ye same, of removing some dificultys in sd so- 
ciety heretofore existing, of appointing a committee to supply ye desk 
for six months, next coming, of hiring a master of Music to instruct sd 
society in singing psalms, hims and spiritual songs, and to do any other 
business necessary and proper to be done at sd meeting and it is desired 
that ye society will punctually attend by order of committee. 

Abel Botsford, Society's Clerk. Newtown, Oct. 1, 1781. 

October 9, the meeting met according to notification, chose Mr. George 
Terrill moderator and voted as follows : "That it is the opinion of this 
meeting that all those that belong to this society notwithstanding they 
have nott taken ye oath of fidelity as required by law in political matters, 
in society matters have the same privileges with those who have sworn 
and that the excuses of many for not attending legal meetings on that 
account are groundless." 

Also "voted that the three pennjf rate laid on the society in April last past 
for ye support of preaching the gospel, shall be collected and applied to 
the use of paying the debts or arrearages of the society and if there be any 
overplus, it shall be for the use of hiring a minister." 

Also "voted that the meeting house shall be repaired and that Mr Jabez 
Botsford, Amos Tirrill and Joseph Wheeler be a committee to see what 
repairs are necessary for said house and report at an adjourned meeting 
and Jabez Botsford and Abram Bennett were appointed a committee to 
procure flax seed to exchange for oil to paint the meeting house." 

In 1786 there seems to have been an awakening of things temporal and 
at a society's meeting, April 3, 1786, it was "voted to procure by donation 
shingles sufficient to cover the back roof of the meeting house and to take 
care that the same be laid on as a free donation and John Sherman, 
Nathanial Northrop, Capt. Silas Fairchild, Capt Joseph Wheeler, Asa 
Cogswell and Hezekiah Booth be committee." 

In May of the same year it was "voted that this society will sell and 
convey to the purchasers an exclusive right to that part of the lower floor 
of the meeting house where the body seats now are, except the front seats 



[ NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 39 

J on each side of the main alley." The floor space for pews on the broad 
alley nearest the pulpit was appraised at 9 pounds English money each, 
the next two at 7 pounds, the next two at 6 pounds. The front pews on the 
i side alleys at 5 pounds, 10 shillings each, the next two at 5 pounds, the 
[next two at 3 pounds. The pews when built were to be constructed accord- 
j ing to specifications, fixed by vote of the society. 

May 1786, at a meeting of the first societ}' in Newtown, "voted that this 
society will sell and convey to the purchasers an exclusive right to that 
• part of the meeting house on the lower floor where the body seats now 
■ are, except the front seats on each side of the main alle3\ Voted, that on 
j each side of the broad alley there may by the purchasers be built six pews 
; of equal bigness provided they be built all on one construction. (Viz) to 
i be raised not exceeding four inches from the present floor, that they be 
built of equal height, panel work thus, one panel of proper length per- 
pendicular, over which one panel of proper width horizontal, a handsome 
rail on the top, the door equivclent and painted a proper color for the 
inside of such a building. Voted, that said pews shall be built within nine 
months of this time or the purchaser shall forfeit his right which shall be 
sold again for the benefit of said society. 

Voted, that the purchasers immediately on bidding off said floor for the 
purpose aforesaid shall give their obligation with surety to the society's 
clerk payable the first of March next. Voted, that said ground floors for 
pews be set up in the following manner: The two front pews nearest the 
pulpit on the broad alley be set up at 9 pounds each, the next two at 7 
pounds each, the next two at 6 pounds each, the front pews on the other 
alleys at 5 pounds, 10 shillings each, the next two at 5 pounds each, the 
next 2 at 3 pounds each. That the persons that bid these several prices 
unless some person or persons bid higher shall be entitled to said ground 
to build on as aforesaid, at his own expense, but in case any person or 
persons jointly bid higher for any or every ground floor for a pew, the 
highest bidder to be entitled as aforesaid." 

"Voted that the society's clerk make record of those who purchase or 
bid ofi said pews and what number beginning at the front pew on the 
women's side, No. 1, the opposite No. 2, the next on the women's side No. 3, 
the opposite No. 4, and so on according to the dignitj' or rank, and said 
clerk being thereunto requested, is hereby directed to give a copy of these 
votes to the proprietors or purchasers which shall be to them a sufficient 
title to all intents and purposes, they having first complied with and 
fullfiUed the several articles and directions contained in these votes, so 
be it the whole of the ground is sold. 

Voted, that John Chandler be appointed and he is herebj' appointed to 
make sale of said ground floor for the purposes aforesaid and that he begin 
on Tuesday of next week at 3 of the clock at this place and use his descre- 
tion until he hath bid off" the whole provided he finish with a reasonable 
time and that he have good right to bid for himself." 

So it came about that a considerable amount of floor space was 
sold for pews, a goodly number of pews were built, money flowed 
into a depleted treasury, for ministers' salary and building im- 
provements. Nothing more appears on the society minutes about 
the meeting house, either for its adornment or repairs, until 1792, 
when the Church of England people having the consent of the 
town to build a church for public worship on the ground where the 
town house was standing, provided they would remove the Town 
house to some other site, without expense to the town. The meet- 
ing house standing near to. and in front of, the Town house made 
an objection to putting the Church of England house there without 
removing the meeting house also, and it was proposed to them that 
their house be removed to the opposite side of the north and sotith 
road, which led the Presbyterians to call a society's meeting under 
the following warning, to act upon the proposition : 



40 NEWTOWN'S FIRST MEETING HOUSE 

NOTIFICATION. 

"Warning is hereby given to ye first society in Newtown that there is a 
meeting of sd societ}' to be holden at the meeting house of sd society on 
Monday, ye 7th day of May, 1792 at five of ye clock afternoon to determine 
the matter respecting ye moving of ye meeting house and to do all other 
business necessary to be done at sd meeting. All persons who belong to 
sd society are desired to attend. 

Notified by order of ye committee. 

Newtown, May 1, 1792. 

Abel Botsford, Society's Clerk. 

The meeting met as warned and adjourned to May 10. 

At the adjourned meeting. May 10, 1792, it was "voted that to render it 
more convenient for ye Episcopal society in Newtown to erect a church or 
house of public worship on the ground where the town house now stands 
we are willing that said Episcopal society or any individual of them 
remove our meeting house to the west side of the street so that the east 
end of the steeple fall in a line drawn from the north east corner of Gen. 
John Chandler's dwelling in said Newtown and the southeast corner of 
Josiah Curtis' store, provided the same can be done without any risk, 
damage, or expense to this society, and that said meeting house, when 
removed, be put in a good repair in every respect as the same now is." 

Voted, "that said meeting house in its present state be estimated and 
valued at 700 pounds, lawful money and that sufficient surety be taken by 
this society's committee for the payment of the same in case of damage. 
Voted that Jabez Botsford, Esq., Mr Abel Booth, Roger Terrill, Capt. 
Moses Sheapard and Capt. Elijah Botsford be a committee to transact all 
business relative to the foregoing vote. 

Test Abel Botsford, Society's Clerk." 

At the rooms of the Connecticut Historical Society, at Hartford, 
can be seen a bound volume of the Connectictit Journal of the year 
1792, a weekly newspaper then printed in New Haven, in which 
under date of June 6, 1792, is the following: 

"On Wednesday, the 13th of June inst., at one o'clock p. m., if the 
weather be fair, and if the weather is not good at the same time of day on 
on the first fair day following, an attempt will be made to remove the 
meeting house, together with the steeple entire, belonging to the Ecclesi- 
astical society in Newtown, about eight rods west of its present site. As 
this will be the greatest movement ever attempted in this part of the state, 
the subscribers by whom the business is to be performed have been re- 
quested to give this public notice to their friends. 

Solomon Glover, 
Andrew Beers, 
Daniel Tomlinson. 

Fortiniately for us we are not left in the dark as to the result of 
such a "great movement," for in the same paper under the date of 
June 27, 1782, we are given the result : 

"On the 13th instant the meeting house in Newtown was removed about 

eight rods; the removal was effected in one hour and a half, after previous 

preparations had been made. The house is between 70 and 80 feet long, 

and about 50 feet wide, with a steeple at one end, the whole of which was 

removed without the least injury to any part. ^ i r-i 

Solomon Glover, 

Andrew Beers, 

David Tomlinson 

We have only to measure a distance of eight rods directly east 
from where the Congregational church now stands to get the exact 
location of the first meeting house in Newtown, and the buildings 
it was in line with. Gen, John Chandler's house stood where the 
Grand Central Hotel is, and the store of Josiah Curtis stood where 
R. H. Beers & Co.'s. store now stands. 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 41 

The old building must have grown rapidly into disfavor, for only- 
eleven years passed before, at a society meeting at the meeting 
house, October 3, 1803, at 3 o'clock afternoon it was — 

"Voted that we prefer a memorial to the General Assembly to be holden 
at New Haven on the second Thursday in October, 1803, in behalf of said 
society, praying for a grant of a lottery to raise the sum of $4000 to enable 
the society to build a meeting house for said society where the meeting 
house now stands, or for such other sum as the Assembly may think 
it expedient to grant." 

Hon. William Edmond was appointed a committee to prefer a 
petition to the General Assembly for the grant. The assembly 
granted the petitioners the sum of $3,000. 

March 2, 1808, "Voted that the society go forward the present season to 
build a meeting house with all convenient speed where the old meeting 
house now stands, 60 feet in length, and 40 feet in breadth, with posts of 
a proportionable length, to have a belfry and cupola or dome thereon, in 
lieu of a steeple upon the east end; that the avails of the lottery granted 
by the General Assembly and the materials of the old meeting house be 
appropriated for the purpose aforesaid." 

Isaac Scudder did the work of building by contract for $1138.48 
and the completed building left the society in debt. In Feb., 1810, 
a tax of 17 cents on the dollar on list of 1808 was laid to apply on 
the debt. Arnold Foot was collector. 

With no money left with which to finish the interior, funds for 
building slips and pews were raised by carrying out a society vote 
passed Feb. 1, 1812. 

"To dispose of the pew grounds adjoining the wall on the north and south 
sides of the meeting house to the highest bidder belonging to said society. 
The purchaser of the pew to be at the expense of building the same. The 
money for which the pew ground shall be sold to be paid down or secured 
by note payable to the society's treasurer within six months and appro- 
priated to pay the expense of building the slips or pews on the ground not 
disposed of; and every purchaser shall hold the pew ground so purchased 
to himself and heirs forever and shall have right at any time to sell and 
assign the same to any other person or persons, a member or members of 
said society, and not otherwise." 

Michael Parks auctioned ofif the pew grounds, No. 1, on the north side to 
Silas Fairchild and Philo Fairchild, $15; No. 1 on the south side to David 
Peck and Chauncey Botsford, $20; No. 2, north side, Lamson Birch and 
Ebenezer Turner, Esq., $9; No. 3, south side, William Edmond, $26; No. 2, 
south side, Samuel C. Blackman, Esq., $14; No. 3. north side. Moss K. 
Botsford and James Terrill, $20; No. 4, south side, Timothy Shepard, Esq., 
$22; No. 4, north side, Caleb Bennitt, $21 ; No.5 south side, Ezra H. Johnson, 
$20.50; No. 5, north side, Ziba Blakslee $12; No. 6. south side, Arnold Foot, 
$15; No. 6 north side, Thomas B. Botsford, $10.50; No. 7, south side, Daniel 
Morehouse. $5: No. 7, north side, Rev. Jehu Clark, $2; No. 8, south side, 
Levi Jackson. $1 ; No. 8, north side, Timothy Shepard, Esq., $1 ; $215 was 
raised from the sale of pew ground. 

The pews once sold, became the family possessions and were sold 
as such, as far down as 1839. 

A deed that Horace M. Shepard gave to 'Squire John Dibble for 
one dollar (as I have it) describes the pew as situated in the 
"Presbyterian meeting house on the south side of the house, being the 
fourth pew from the west end, formerly owned by and occupied by my 
father, Timothy Shepherd, deceased April 7, 1825." 

Witnessed by Samuel C. Blackman. 

Charles Johnson (father of the writer) held a deed for a pew he 
bought of Czar Keeler in the year 1839, for which he paid $5. The 
deed described it as being bounded on the north by the south alley, 



42 NEWTOWN'S FIRST MEETING HOUSE 

east by pew of Ezra H. Johnson, south by the wall and west by 
pew owned by Hon. William Edmond. 

That box pew was usually my vSunday home during the hours 
of "meeting" and by resting my chin on the top cap piece I could 
see all about. In those days ministers wrote long sermons and I 
soon learned that there was time for a good long nap before he 
would reach "eighthly," "ninthly" and "finally." 1 would stretch 
on the long seat and go to sleep, to be awakened by the singing of 
the last hymn, in time to hear the benediction pronounced. 

The committee appointed to build the pews were Lamson Birch, 
Timothy Shepard and Ziba Blakeslee, and they were to lay out the 
residue of pew ground money partly finishing the galleries. May 10, 
1813. another petition was sent to the General Assembly for the 
grant of $4000 to defray the expenses of the society in building their 
meeting house and in support of public worship in the society. The 
petition was not granted. During the Rev. Jason Atwater's min- 
istry, between 1845 and 1852, the exterior of the building was very 
much improved, the belfry was closed in, a new steeple was built, 
the building newly covered and painted. 

Twelve hundred dollars were s])ent in renovating the exterior 
and in 1852 the basement was fitted up, the main floor raised to its 
present level, new seats and a pul])it were provided for the audience 
room, at an expense of $500. Down to the present time the people 
have kept pace with the needs of the times and this building com- 
pares well in its furnishing, conveniences and adornment with those 
of any country edifice in the Fairfield County Consociation. 

The writer regrets exceedingly that he finds nothing on record of 
the history of the "weather vane." That it was on the steeple at 
the time of the Revolutionary war is well known, for it bears the 
marks of bullets fired by French soldiers, as, by order of Gen. 
Washington, they passed through Newtown on their way from 
Hartford to the Hudson River in 1781. 

When the old building was torn away to make room for the 
present structure, the weather vane was transferred to it. 

When a little boy, my father took the rooster to Bridgeport to 
have it re-gilded and I had the honor of riding to the city with it. 
It was nearly as high as I and its long spurs, its high comb, and the 
dent? the bullets had made on its body were all part of a history 
lesson which I have never forgotten. It was a catch story of those 
early days told to us children that whenever the old rooster on the 
Presbyterian meeting house steeple heard Judge Blackman (who 
lived on the corner close by) call his hens to feed them he always 
flew down and ate with them. Judge Samuel C. Blackman lived in 
a house on the ground where the Grand Central Hotel stands. He 
was a lawyer and proverbially known as a truthful man. Even 
little children knew it, and the mother had to solve the puzzle tell- 
ing the reason, "The rooster could not hear the call." 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 43 

NEWTOWN'S TOWN HOUSES 

In two hundred and more years of our town history, the town 
has built but two town houses. Not until 1717 do we find in New- 
town town records allusion to the building of a town house. The 
business meetings of the town were held at dwelling houses, for 
which rentals were paid. At a town meeting, October 9, 1717, it was 
"Voted by ye inhabitants of the town that a schoolhouse or town house 
shall be forthwith or with all possible speed erected of ye following dimen- 
sions : 25 foot square and eight foot between joists, and whereas Joseph 
Gray and Peter Hubbell have undertaken to build ye sd house (viz) to get, 
draw ye timber, make ye frame, get all ye shingles and clabbords and lay 
them, ye town finding nails. It is agreed and voted to give sd workmen 
for sd work, 10 pounds money, to be paid upon their accomplishing or 
compleating sd work, workmanlike." Entered, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

On Jan. 8, 1718, another town meeting was held, to fix the loca- 
tion for the town house that the town had voted to have built. It was 
"voted, that the place for building ye school or town house or house for 
holding town meetings in, and for teaching school in, shall be on ye main 
street or town street near unto Abraham Kimberley's betwixt sd Kimber- 
ley's and John Lake's house." (Abraham Kimberley's house stood on the 
corner opposite Trinity.) 

In 1733, the population had increased so that as new conditions 
arose, a larger town house was needed. By vote' of the town, the 
town house was removed to become the schoolhouse for Middle 
district, the neighborhood moving it at their own expense. The 
second town house was not built until 1766. In the meantime, 
business meetings of the town were held, sometimes in the north 
and sometimes in the south schoolhouse, and at other times in the 
meeting house. Thirty-three 3'ears passed and then a tow^n meet- 
ing was called for Dec. 8, 1766, at which meeting it was "voted, 
that there shall be a town house built for ye use of ye town and that 
Johnathan Booth, Ebenezer Ford and Nathanial Nichols shall be a com- 
mittee to examine into what place is most convenient to set the house and 
what ye house will cost, and make report at an adjourned meeting." The 
second town house was located on what was the site of the first one and 
at a town meeting held Dec. 22, 1766, it was "voted, that the town house 
shall be built 32 feet long, 24 feet wide and nine feet between joists and 
that Oliver Tousey shall build it at ye price of 66 pounds and that he shall 
give bonds to ye committee for ye building of sd house and that there 
shall be a rate of three farthings half farthings on ye pound raised to 
build sd house and also voted that Jonathan Booth and Caleb Baldwin 
shall be a committee to obligate sd Tousey and take his obligations for ye 
completing sd house and shall make and collect a rate." Also "voted, that 
sd Tousey shall cause to be made in sd town house good seats as are gen- 
erally made, in form as in ye State House at Hartford. Sd house to be 
finished by ye first day of December, 1767." Also "voted, that ye sd Tousey 
shall light ye house with 30 windows, 15 squares of glass in a window 
size of ye glass 7 x 9." 

The house was finished as per contract and the first meeting was 
held in it, Dec. 7, 1767. Nothing further is said of the building until, 
at a town meeting in 1789, it was "voted that the selectmen should, 
as soon as convenient, repair ye town house in a manner as shall seem to 
them most prudent and best for ye advantage of ye town." 

When the third Episcopal church was to l)e built, the ground on 
which the town house stood was needed as part of the site of the 
Church building, and the town gave the Episcopalians liberty to 
remove the building. Capt Solomon Glover bought the old Episcopal 
church building (the second one) in 1799, and the town voted to 



44 NEWTOWN'S TOWN HOUSES 

give him five pounds in money, yearly rental, provided he would 
purchase for it a plot of ground on which to set the building, which 
was then standing on the west side of the north and south high- 
way and a little south of where now stands Newtown Inn. The 
old Church building was removed to the westward ofif the highway, 
fitted up for the use of the town for a town house, and was rented 
by Solomon Glover for a long term of years to the town at an an- 
nual rental of $20. In the early part of the last century the build- 
ing now used as a tin shop, stood where the store of R. H. Beers 
& Co. is and was used for a general merchandise store by the firm 
of Baldwin & Beers, which, with the two-story building joined on 
the north end, covered the ground now occupied by the present 
building. The second floor of the main building was rented for 
many years by the town, and, when Norman B. Glover put up a 
buihJmg for a store on the ground near the house now owned by 
Mrs. S. F. Schermerhorn, somewhere in the "70s," the town rented 
the upper floor, until it burned down, for a town house, owning no 
building for town use, until it bought the present town house, 
which was originally built by the Universalists for religious pur- 
poses, and afterward became the property of St. Rose's parish, 
and so remained until the building of this present edifice, when, in 
1883, it was sold to the town of Newtown and is now a large and 
commodious building, that is likely to continue (except in case of 
fire) Newtown's town house for at least a century to come. 

SABBATH DAY HOUSES 

The Sabbath Day house was a place in which to take refresh- 
ments between the two Church services and for social and religious 
worship as the occupant might be inclined. It was built in two 
divisions, one for males and the other for females. They were 
located on the highway, permission being given by vote of the 
free holders in Town meeting. They were necessary because the 
meeting houses were not warmed. 

Dec. 9, 1740, "voted and agreed that Jeremiah Northrop shall have liberty 
to set a small .Sabbath Day house in ye lane by or against Capt. Baldwin's 
orchard." 

Dec. 3. 1750, "voted that Jonathan Sanford shall have liberty to build 
a small Sabbath Day house at ye westerly end of John Piatt's Sabbath 
Day house." 

Dec. 30, 1754, "voted that Captain Amos Botsford shall have Liberty to 
Build a small house for Sabbath Days not Doing Damage to ye Highway 
nor any other person." 

Dec. 23, 1751, "voted that Benjamin Northrop shall have liberty to build- 
ing a Sabbath Day house for his use in ye Lane of Captain Baldwin's 
fence of his home lott below or something west of Caleb Baldwin's Sab- 
bath Day house." 

DISPUTES OVER TOWN LINES 

Reference has been made to the dispute between Stratford and 
Newtown regarding lines between the two towns, a dispute that 
arose in 1725 and was not amicably adjusted and confirmed by the 
General Court until 1761. About the same time, disputes arose 
between Newtown and Danbury and Newtown and New Milford 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 45 

from the same cause, creating uneasiness, friction, and contention, 
from which, in the case between New Milford and Newtown, liti- 
gation arose. 

NEW MILFORD— NEWTOWN TOWN LINE 

"At a town meeting held March 28, 1727, at sd Newtown, Mr. Thomas 
Tousey and Capt. Thomas Bennett bj-^ vote were appointed a committee to 
meet ye gentlemen from New Milford upon Thursday, ye 13th instant of 
March, at westerly end of ye supposed line between New Milford and 
Newtown to declare to sd gentlemen the dissatisfaction of sd Newtown 
with respect to sd line and to propose to them with respect to sd line, and 
to propose to them whether some method of accommodation and what 
might be pitched upon for ye removing of ye difficulty, and that speedy 
and effectual care be taken in that matter, yt those who are not only 
neighbors, but christian neighbors, may dwell as such. 

Entered Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

"April 6, 1731, John Leavenworth is chosen and empowered in behalf 
and in room of Newtown to appear at ye county court to be holden in New 
Haven on ye seventh day of April to implead ye town of Newtown at 
New Milford in an action or plea of debt as it is by New Milford termed, 
commenced against Newtown as they say, for neglecting to perambulate 
according to law between ye two towns of Newtown and New Milford 
and that ye sd Leavenworth shall have full power in ye affair to employ 
any attorney and to review or appeal as ye case may require, making 
firm and good what ye Leavenworth shall do in ye premises. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

At a lawful town meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown, held, August 
17th, 1735, "voted by ye inhabitants of Newtown that Capt. Thomas Tou- 
sey should be moderator to carry on ye business of sd meeting. 

Voted that Capt. Thomas Tousey should be agent in ye behalf of ye 
town of Newtown to appear at ye Superior Court to be holden at New 
Haven on ye first Tuesday in September, 1730, and is fully impowered to 
emplead ye town of New Milford in an action or plea of debt commenced 
against Newtown, as they say, at ye County Court held at New Haven, 
April 7, 1730, for neglect to perambulate according to law, etc. The town 
ratifying and confirming what ye sd Capt. Tousey shall do in ye premises. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

"At a lawful meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown held April 9, 1731, 
appointed to consult what method to take to get or have j-e dividing line 
atwixt New Milford and Newtown settled, first voted that Capt. Thomas 
Tousey should be moderator to carry on ye business of sd meeting. 

Secondly, agreed and voted to send a prayer or petition to ye General 
Assembly to be holden at Hartford in May next, to intreat ye favor of ye 
honorable assembly for a committee of their appointment to settle ye 
above sd line that further trouble may be prevented. 

Thirdly, agreed and voted that Capt. Thomas Tousey be Committee 
or agent in ye behalf of ye town to prepare and present to ye General 
Assembly to be held in Hartford in May next, a memorial, and to take ye 
whole care of ye business aforesaid. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

"At a lawful town meeting held in Newtown, September 17, 1731. 

Whereas ye General Assembly have appointed a committee with ye as- 
sistance of ye surveyor of ye county of Hartford to run and ascertain of 
ye dividing line between New Milford and Newtown, it was voted that 
Capt. Thomas Tousey and Lieut. John Northrop were chosen and appointed 
a committee in behalf of ye town of Newtown when sd committee, shall 
come upon sd work, to appear to do and act whatsoever shall be proper 
in order to bring said affair to a good conclusion and to take thorough 
care that ye return of sd committtee shall be presented to ye General 
Assembly in order to the ratification and confirmation thereof. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 



46 NEW MILFORD— NEWTOWN TOWN LINE 

At a town meeting held March 23, 1732, it was voted that Captain Thomas 
Tousey, John Leavenworth and Jeremiah Northrop shall be a comrnittee 
to discourse and conclude with ye committee chosen by New Milford 
upon terms of accomodations between the two towns respecting ye charges 
yt have arose upon Newtown by virtue of New Milford having commenced 
an action against Newtown for not perambulating and what sd committee 
shall do in ye premises shall be held as valid and that ye sd committee 
shall have power this spring to perambulate ye line between New Milford 
and Newtown, late established by ye General Assembly. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

New Milford, Dec. 10, 1734. 

"To ye inhabitants or to ye moderator of your meeting which is to be 
held on ye 12th day of this instant in Newtown, greeting. 

"Gentlemen, these are to propose conditions of people with you in con- 
sideration you will let all former contentions in ye law be laid aside from 
this time, which hath been about ye line, between New Milford and New- 
town, about perambulating with you on ye new line or boundary line. Be 
pleased to return by the bearer how or what you will do refering to this 
matter. Wishing you peace and prosperity, 

James Prime, 
Theophilus Baldwin, 
Selectmen. 

Recorded December 12, 1734, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

The above seems to have been an "olive branch of peace" sent 
from New Milford to Newtown. Nothing further appears upon 
the records in regard to the matter. 

DANBURY— NEWTOWN TOWN LINE 

In 1758, the boundary line between Newtown and Danbury hav- 
ing become so obscure, the town took action in regard to making 
the establishment of the line the better understood and appointed 
a committee to act with a committee appointed by the town of 
Danbury to report at a future meeting. The result of that action 
was embodied in a report made at a town meeting held on the 17th 
day of April, 1758, which reads as follows : 

"These may certify whom it may concern, that we, ye subscribers here- 
unto being chosen appomted by and impowered by ye selectmen of New- 
town a committee appointed to meet ye selectmen or a committee of Dan- 
bury to perambulate, renew and erect ye boundaries or monuments in ye 
line between ye township of sd Danbury and Newtown if any of them 
were unknown on this 17th day of April, 1758, proceeded and performed 
in manner and for following: 

Viz. First, we reported to and made our appearance at ye N. W. corner 
bounds of sd Newtown and there joined with Danbury committee, who 
were Capt. John Benedict, Capt. Ebenezer Hecock and Phineas Judd. 
We agreed to renew sd boundaries or monuments by putting stones to it 
which was and is a small ditch, and a heap of stones about one foot on 
ye east side of ye sd ditch. Then we went S. by E. to ye next monument, 
added stones to it which is red or black oak tree with stones to it, then 
moving southeasterly about 80 rods where we erected a new boundary or 
monument which is a black oak tree with stones to it, then on ye same 
course about 89 rods to a heap of stones, adding to it more stones, from 
thence to a rock near Lyon's orchard, from thence to a rock with stones 
boundary, which is a large rock with a heap of stones on it, and from 
thence to Garshum Botswick's shop, a little south, where we erected a new 
on it at the corner of Mr. Northrop's lot, and then running ye same line 
80 or 90 rods, where we erected a new boundary or monument, which is a 
heap of stones where ye southard side of sd Northrop's lot or land, then 
to a large rock with stones on it gainst Ebenezer Blackman's land adding 
stones to it. 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 47 

Performed per us on ye 17th day of April, 1758. 

Caleb Baldwin, 
James Hard, Jr., 
H. Peck. 

Committee. 
This return of ye committee received for record May ye 8th, 1758. Re- 
corded per John Northrop, Town Clerk. 

STRATFORD— NEWTOWN TOWN LINE 

Until 1761, there were frequent disputes between the towns of 
Stratford and Newtown in regard to the line established by the 
duly appointed committees as the records plainly show, causing 
suits at law, expense and general uneasiness. At a proprietors' meet- 
ing held on the 15th of Sept., 1761, Messrs. Esquire Caleb Baldwin, 
Capt. John Glover, Capt. Henry Glover, Mr. Benjamin Curtis and 
Theodore Leavenworth were chosen a committee in behalf of ye pro- 
prietors in ye affair or case about ye dividing line betwixt Stratford and 
Newtown, and empowered "to prefer a petition to the General Assembly 
in ye name of ye proprietors of common and undivided land in such man- 
ner and form as said committee shall judge best, praying said assembly to 
establish ye antient agreement made between ye townships of Stratford 
and Newtown, or in some other way relieve ye sd proprietors from the 
force of ye judgment of ye Superior Court held at Fairfield in August last." 

"At a town meeting of the inhabitants of Newtown held January 30, 
1761, it was voted and agreed that at the charge of ye proprietors of New- 
town with ye assistance of a proper County surveyor of ye county of 
Fairfield that the east or easterly line of ye township of Stratford ac- 
cording to their patent shall be procured with all proper speed. To be 
run and at ye extent of 12 miles from ye sea a fair monument be there 
erected and from sd monument a straight or due cross line be run to ye 
northeast corner of ye township of Fairfield and that Thomas Tousey, 
Esq., Capt. John Glover and Mr. Benjamin Curtis shall be a committee in 
all respects to take care that ye above said work be thoroughlj^ aflFected. 

John Glover, Town Clerk." 

At a town meeting, May 11, 1761. "It was voted that Capt. John Glover 
and Mr. Daniel Booth shall be agents in behalf of the inhabitants of New- 
town to prefer or persue the petition at the General Assembly to be held 
at Hartford on the second Thursday of Alay, praying sd Assembly to 
appoint a committee to ascertain the dividing line between the town- 
ship of Stratford and sd Newtown and that sd agents are hereby either of 
them fully empowered to act in ye premises. Another town meeting 
held on October 8, 1761. It was voted that Richard Fairman and Capt. 
Henry Glover be agents and they are hereby impowered to act in the 
name and behalf of the town at the next General Assembly at their pres- 
ent session to prosecute and persue their petition now depending at sd 
Assembly. Voted also that Capt. John Glover shall have the like power 
as above mentioned. 

John Northrop, Town Clerk." 

The committee appointed in Oct. 1761, acted in conjunction with 
that appointed in Sept. 1761, and the General Court accepted and 
confirmed the action of inhabitants of Newtown and established 
the line and monument and declared the same to be the dividing 
line between the towns of Stratford and Newtown. This line is 
now the dividing line between Monroe and Trumbull on the south 
and Newtown on the north, those two towns having been set off 
from Stratford in the early part of the last century. 

"At a general assembly of the governor and company of the Colony 
of Connecticut holden at New Haven on the second Thursday of October, 
1761, upon the petition of Daniel Booth, Caleb Baldwin and Benjamin 



\ 



48 STRATFORD— NEWTOWN TOWN LINE 

Curtiss, all inhabitants of Newtown and proprietors of the common and 
undivided land in sd Newtown and ye rest of ye inhabitants of sd New- 
town and ye rest of ye proprietors of ye sd common and undivided land in 
sd Newtown, representing to this assembly that ye dividing line between 
yt town towards Stratford was for a long time unsettled and uncertain, 
which occasioned teadius and unhappy disputes and controversies be- 
tween sd towns, the same lasting and continuing until ye year 1725, when 
ye sd towns and ye proprietors of ye common and undivided lands in sd 
towns by their respective committees, in order to prevent any further dis- 
putes and contentions respecting such dividing line and to settle and make 
ye same known, did honestly and in an amicable manner did agree to 
settle and establish a dividing line between said towns, that the sd agree- 
ment was put into writing and duly executed and that the same was ac- 
cepted and approved of by ye inhabitants of said towns and at last by 
the proprietors of ye common and undivided lands in sd Stratford. But 
such acceptance, etc., not being entered upon record, rendered such agree- 
ment week and not a lawfull evidence of such dividing lines. But said 
agreement being so honestly made as aforesaid said line therein contained 
ought to be deemed and accounted ye dividing line between sd towns as 
to jurisdiction and propriety. Praying that sd agreement may be con- 
firmed and established and that sd line may be the dividing line between 
said towns both as to jurisdiction and propriety, etc., as on file." 

"Resolved by this assembly that the sd agreement mentioned in sd 
petition be confirmed and established and that the sd line and monument 
mentioned and contained therein shall be and the same is hereby de- 
clared to the dividing line between said towns both as to jurisdiction and 
propriety, etc., as petition on file." 

Recorded per John Northrop, proprietors' clerk a coppie of ye bill in 
form at Hartford past at New Haven, October, 1761. 

A true cope of record examined by George Willeys, secretary of state. 

BROOKFIELD'S ORIGIN 

Less than 20 years after Newtown was incorporated, some living 
in the north end of town, more particularly at the "West farm," 
the local name of which was "Whiskenere," wanted to be set off 
with part of Danbury and part of New Milford as an ecclesiastical 
society. 

"At a town meeting called in Oct. 1751, it was voted to appoint agents 
in behalf of ye town in ye case of ye people of ye west farm belonging to 
Newtown making application to ye honorable Assembly to be held at 
New Haven, Oct 9, 1751, in order to be set ofif with ye other parts of ye 
neighboring towns as an Ecclesiastical society." And it was also "voted 
that ye professors of ye Church of England in Newtown shall be freed 
from any charge in that aflfair above mentioned." That meeting being 
declared illegal another was held as soon as the law would allow, at 
which "Messrs. Joseph Smith, Daniel Booth and Joseph Botsford were 
appointed agents in behalf of the town to oppose in ye case of ye west 
farm belonging to sd Newtown and others, making application to ye 
Honorable Assembly to be held at New Haven, October 9, 1751, in order 
to be set off with some parts of ye neighboring towns as an Ecclesiastical 
Society, therefore voted that whereas a committee May last was by ye 
Honorable Assembly authorized to view ye circumstances of part of ye 
town of Danbury, Newtown and New Milford, all adjoining, in order to 
ye forming of an Ecclesiastical Society and to make report to ye Assem- 
bly in this month of October with instructions to notify ye several parties 
concerned of ye time and place of their meeting upon that affair that they 
might have opportunity of making their pleas that ye Honorable General 
Assembly to be held this month be made acquainted that ye town of New- 
town by sd committee or any form or under them, were never notified 
with relation to ye premises whereby they are debarred of their first 
privilege and exposed to suffer great wrong and many are aggrieved. 
Voted in ye affirmative. 

John Northrop, Town Clerk." 



BROOKFIELD'S ORIGIN 49 

Though thus far disappointed, the people of the north end of 
Newtown were not discouraged. Released by vote in town meet- 
ing from their tax toward the support of the Newtown minister, 
provided they would support one in the "north end," they hired 
Rev. Thomas Brooks in 1757, the parish of Newbury having been 
incorporated in 1754. 

Warning concerning Newbury being opposed by Newtown at 
the General Court for a town, in 1772: 

"Whereas the town of Newtown is called to answer to Newbury parish 
at ye General Assembly to be holden at Hartford Instant May, concern- 
ing said Parish being granted town privileges and ye selectmen, not hav- 
ing power invested in them to oppose or not oppose unless by agreement 
with sd Newbury to ye maintainance of their proportionable part of ye 
poor, which they refuse to comply with. Therefore at ye desire of ye 
selectmen warning is hereby given to ye inhabitants of Newtown in Fair- 
field County that there is to be a town meeting holden at ye Town house 
in sd town on Monday, ye 18th day of May, 1772, at 5 of ye clock, after- 
noon, to consider and determine ye matter above mentioned. 

Caleb Beldwin, Town Clerk." 

At a town meeting held in accordance with this notification "it was 
voted that the town shall oppose ye parish of Newbury at ye General 
Court now sitting at Hartford in regard to sd parish being set ofT for a 
township." 

Voted that Mr. Oliver Tousey shall be agent in behalf of ye town of 
Newtown to oppose sd Newbury at ye General Assembly. 

Caleb Baldwin, Town Clerk. 

We are not able to find that further action was taken by New- 
town in regard to the matter until 1779. The seven years between 
the action taken by vote of the town in 1772 "to oppose the parish 
of Newbury from being set off as a town" and that taken by 
Newtown at the annual town meeting in 1779 showed a decided 
reaction in feeling in relation to the matter, and again at the annual 
town meting in December, 1781. Still matters were held in abey- 
ance for some reason until 1785, when it was voted in town meet- 
ing that "all objection and opposition on the part of Newtown should be 
withdrawn," as will be seen by these votes : 

At Newtown's annual town meeting in Dec. 1779, "it was voted that ye 
inhabitants of ye parish of Newbury that belong to the limits of New- 
town shall have liberty to apply to ye General Assembly next coming to 
be set oflf as a district town without any opposition made by this tov/n." 

Again at the annual town meeting held in Dec. 1781, the town voted "that 
this town will not oppose the inhabitants of the parish of Newbury at the 
General Assembly in May next for town privileges." 

Again at a special town meeting in Newtown, March 29, 1785, to deter- 
mine the matter concerning town privileges for the parish of Newbury 
it was voted "that this town, considering ye difficulties ye parish of New- 
bury labors under in lying in three towns and two counties, have no ob- 
jection nor shall we oppose them at ye General Assembly in their me- 
morial for town privilege, they ye sd parish of Newbury bearing their 
proportion of ye town debts already contracted or that shall be contracted 
as a town at any time before ye confirmation of sd parish in town 
privileges." 

As to the line to be established between Newtown and Newbury, the 
town voted at the same meeting, "that the line between the Township 
of Newtown and the proposed Township of Newbury shall begin in the 
line between the Township of Danbury and Newtown 80 rods southerly 
of the known monument called the "bound hollow" which was the ancient 
parochial bounds of the said parish of Newtown. Thence a straight line 
to a monument 30 rods southerly of a white oak tree at the southeasterly 
corner of Capt Richard Smith's garden, sd tree being an old boundary 



50 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

line between the sd parish of Newbury and Newtown, thence a straight 
line to the Great River at the riding place about 120 rods northerly from 
the mouth of Pond Brook. 

Although Newtown did not oppose the people of the "north end" 
having parish privileges to the finish, yet their opposition long de- 
layed the time of its incorporation as a town. Time, the mollifier 
of long continued disputes, at last brought about the wished for 
result and, in 1788, Newbury was incorporated as a town. From 
1757 to 1788 Rev. Thomas Brooks had had the pastoral care of all 
Newbury, and it was known far and wide as "Brooksfield," and 
what more natural than the name Newbury being dropped to 
make way for the proposed new name of "Brookfield," a name to 
be retained, we hope, until it shall be proclaimed that "Time shall 
be no more." 

In deference to the towns from which Newbury was formed, its 
name was taken from the first part of the name of Newtown and 
New Milford and for the last part of Danbury, from which came 
Newbury. The parish of Newbury was incorporated in 1754. In 
1759 the General Court, upon petition, annexed the section of the 
parish taken from New Milford town to Fairfield county, and in 
March, 1788, it petitioned for its incorporation with town priv- 
ileges and it was granted 34 years intervening. In June, 1788. the 
town of Brookfield held its first town meeting, at which the follow- 
ing vote was passed. 

"Thanks to the gentlemen spectators from neighboring towns for the 
respect shown to the town of Brookfield in attending their first town 
meeting and in particular to Col. Samuel Canfield, Esq., appointed first 
moderator for said town of Brookfield by the General Assembly for his 
care and service in said office." 

LAY OUT OF COUNTRY ROADS IN YE 
OLDEN TIMES 

Fifty years ago or so, a little boy of eight or ten years of age 
was trudging along on his way home from the school in Taunton, 
when he was overtaken by an elderly man, a stranger, who, instead 
of asking "Where does this road lead to?" accosted him with the 
query, "Say, bub, where does this road go to?" The boy, with a 
quick wit replied, "Don't go nowheres, zi knows on, it's been here 
ever since I've been here." The questioner, together with a lis- 
tener, who related the epsiode to me, died long time since, but the 
lad of the years long gone is still living and a grandfather. That same 
question is one of to-day with some, who, upon pleasure bent, drive 
along the lanes, the by-ways and the highways of our extensive 
township, forming as they do a complete net work of mysterious 
complications, which, at the same time, are a delight to the artist, 
the naturalist and the botanist, though a burden to the tax payers 
and a perplexity to the town fathers. A conservative estimate of 
those best informed, as to the mileage of Newtown's roads to be 
kept in repair at town expense, is not less than 400 miles. While 
it is true that none of our roads "go" anywhere, it is equally true 
that in their circuitous courses and serpentine windings they have a 
continual series of surprises for tourists, to whom it is the height 
of pleasure to drive along our country roads. 




HOUSE BUILT BY EZRA H. JOHNSON 

E. L. Johnson's grandfather, in 1795 




BIRTHPLACE OF EZRA L. JOHNSON 

Built in 1830, reconstructed in 1876. 



LAY OUT OF COUNTRY ROADS 51 

The most reasonable opinion that the student of history can 
arrive at in regard to their extreme crookedness is that in the 
early days the pitching for land and the building of homes, "shacks," 
if we please to call them, took precedence of the laying out of high- 
ways, a long time intervening before the coming of wheeled ve- 
hicles, so that footpaths for man or horse were all needed for the 
first few years of pioneer life. There seems not a doubt that the 
highway leading from the center of Newtown to Bridgeport fol- 
lows the trail of the Scatakooks and Pohtatucks who wandered all 
over the Housatonic valley from the Massachusetts line down 
through Kent, New Milford, Newtown and Stratford to the shore 
of the great salt sea. 

My grandfather, born in 1772, died in 1854 and lived his life 
alongside this road. My father, born in 1799, lived alongside the 
same road all his life, dying in 1871. The writer, born in 1832, has 
lived all his life on the ancestral farm, and has seen the summer 
migrations of the Indians along this road on their way to "salt 
water." Year after year they dwindled in numbers, a natural re- 
sult of the coming of the "pale face," so that the last of their mi- 
gratory trips ended about 1860. 

Newtown's bi-centennial celebration fixed permanently in our 
minds the fact that the township of land was purchased from the 
Indians in 1705. In course of time, settlers began to come in. It 
was decided, after careful investigation, where the center of the 
town should be fixed and a certain routine line of business affairs 
moved along, controlled by regulations laid down by the General 
Court, which held semi-annual sessions in May and Oct. alternately 
at Hartford and New Haven. 

The layout of highways in the early years of Newtown life was 
in striking contrast to the scientific methods along the same lines 
at the present day. We are having a daily object lesson of the 
laying out and also of the building of highways, not only as regards 
survey and easy grades by cutting down the hills and filling the 
valleys, but also by widening the road bed and the elimination or 
the lessening of heavy and dangerous curves. 

The first recorded lay-out of a highway the writer has been 
able to find in his researches of the tow-n's records is dated Nov. 
14, 1715. It is called "Ye lay-out of ye country road toward 
Stratford." 

We will need to keep in mind that the present boundary line 
separating Newtown from Monroe and Trumbull is the same line 
that separated Newtown from Stratford in 1715, Monroe and 
Trumbull having been set ofT from the north part of Stratford 
long time afterward, so that it was only six miles from the center 
of our town to the boundary line between Stratford and Newtown. 
That the earliest lay-out of roads followed the foot paths or trails 
that led from one central point to another is especially true of the 
lay-out toward Stratford, toward Woodbury and toward New Mil- 
ford and Danbury. 

"Jonathan Hubbell hath pitched for his ten acre pitch at ye swamp 
at ye north corner of Mr. Rood's lot now in ye improvement of Stephen 



52 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Parmalee and on ye southeast side of ye path which goes from Nototuck 
to Danbury. Entered this fourth day of Nov. 1714. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

Of the lay-out of highways in Newtown, first in order is the road 

leading southerly to the town line, the whole distance now a State 

road that will become a section of a "trunk line" extending from 

New York City to Berkshire Hills in Massachusetts. 

We, the committee that are to lay out highways whose names are un- 
derwritten have ye 14th day of November, 1715, laid out ye country road 
towards Stratford as far as Pototuck brook and measured it from Joseph 
Peck's house two miles. Sd road is eight rods wide from Ebenezer John- 
son's and crooks as ye path to ye Deep Brook does and there we crost ye 
east corner of Ebenezer Booth's land, which he had of Samuel Beers, 
which quantity he takes and joyns to his other land. We clypt ye north- 
east corner of Jeremiah Northrop's twelve acre lott from his eastward 
corner which is a white oak tree, and by ye side of ye next brook we 
marked a black oak tree. Ye highway down stream eight rods from sd 
tree. Ye first mile goes 16 to 18 rods southard to a crooked white oak, 
marked. We clypt ye east corner of Joseph's Peck's 20 acre lott as marked 
by a black oak standing on his part. He then consented to it. Betwixt 
this and ye next swamp we began to lay out ye highway 10 rods wide. 
Eastward of ye cart parth it goes to Joseph Peck's 60 acre lot as marked 
trees will discern, the eight rods until over sd Pohtatuck brook ye two 
miles. Here is a white oak tree marked against sd Peck's land. When we 
laid out ye highway eight rods wide over Pohtatuck brook across ye 
southern end of John Glover's 60 acre lot, and up a valley between New 
Haven Plain and Long Swamp, eight rods wide, and so crossing ye old 
road at a little brook as ye marked trees will show, and rocks with stones 
and homeward to ye place where we began to make ye road 10 rods wide 
sd highway comes in. Thomas Bennitt, 

John Glover, 
Ebenezer Booth, Committee. 

Recorded per Joseph Peck, Town Clerk, November 25, 1715. 

A lay-out, a few days later, from the center to what became Sandy 
Hook and on toward Woodbury : 

"We that are ye committee for to lay out highways whose names are 
underwritten have this 18th day of November, 1715, laid out a highway 
or country road two miles from ye middle of ye town down by ye north 
side of ye old farm over Pohtatuck Brook and so toward ye Single Pine 
to a bunch of stones upon a rock which was two miles. The highway is 
20 rods wide according as ye common or undevided land will allow. We 
removed Daniel Foot's southwest corner of his four acre lott northwest 
six rods and we gave him seven rods at his east corner. Sd Foot was preas- 
ant and consented to ye same. We lay out a road for to go to Wood- 
bury. We began it at ye First Meadow in ye above sd road eastward of 
ye Pohtatuck Brook turning of it more North till we come to some pines. 
We lay it 20 rods wide. We laid out Darbee road from ye going over sd 
brook by ye side of it upon ye east side of ye Old Farms till we come to 
a path that leads to Fregrace Adamses 60 acre pitch. Also that path we 
laid 20 rods wide except when there is a meadow. 

Thomas Bennitt, 
John Glover, 
Ebenezer Booth, 

Recorded November 28. 1715, Joseph Peck, Clerk. Committee. 

The Great Boggs, in Head of Meadow district : 

"We whose names are under written have, this 23rd day of November, 
1715, laid out a road southward of ye town towards ye Great Boggs two 
miles, ten rods wide, joining upon ye west side of Ebenezer Smith's home 
lott, and Ebenezer Johnson's four acres, and Samuel Ferris' 20 acre lot, 
in ye east side of ye home meadow until we get to Stephen Parmalee's 
20 acre lot, it turns more eastern to a marked black oak tree and then to 
a white oak tree which stands by ye west side of a swamp against Samuel 
Beers, 20 acre and other trees we have marked till we come to ye top of 



LAY OUT OF COUNTRY ROADS 53 

ye hill which is on ye east side of ye highway and so to ye place 
where ye paths part to ye Little and Grate Boggs, as ye path goes, 10 
, rods wide." 

Layout in South Center district, Nov. 23, 1715: 

"Also we have laid out a road this same day round ye east corner of 
; Mr. Peck's nine acres over Deep Brook and so on ye northwest side of 
Ebenezer Smith's 20 acre lott or 14 acres, and on ye west end of Joseph 
Peck's 20 acre lot, and Samuel Prindle's land on ye eastern part of Bushy 
Hill as ye trees will decifer, being marked on each hand till we come to a 
small swamp which goes down to Prindle's land or 20 acre lott, so up a 
valle till we come near to a swamp, near to Joseph Botsford's 30 acre lott, 
ye north corner of it, then turns more eastward as ye marked trees will 
show till we come to a swamp and cross it, which is near to Joseph 
Botsford's east corner and then round it upon ye eastward side down to a 
little brook, yt enters itself into ye west sprain of Pohtatuck brook, as 
markd trees will show. We have also laid out ye road eight rods wide cross 
ye Deep Brook at ye north corner of Ebenezer Smith's lot, which 
corner we have clypt for ye straightening of ye rode, and so to ye center 
at ye northwest corner of Mrs. Widow Toucey's lot. We have laid out 
a highway to Ebenezer Booth's 60 acre lott 10 rods wide as his part goes, 
only he crosses ye brook 10 rods hier to get akross a swamp until he 
comes to his path again. 

Thomas Bennitt, 
Ebenezer Booth, 

Committee. 
Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

As the reader, enjoying the comforts that come from a well- 
ordered, well-cared-for home, ponders over the crude ways of 
those early days, let him give a tender thought to those to whom 
we are so much indebted under the providence of God, who, in 
perilous times, crossed the ocean to make for themselves homes in 
a new world, and later to join in laying foundations for a "Govern- 
ment of the people, by the people and for the people," the like of 
which exists nowhere else upon the earth. Let us not only think of 
these things, but may it be our daily desire and our daily endeavor 
to make principle, honesty of purpose and virtue our guiding 
stars, so that our form of government shall not perish from the 
earth. 

NEWTOWN'S FIRST CALL FOR A MINISTER 

MR. PHINEAS FISK— 1711. 

For many years the ministers of the several towns in the colony 
were hired at the annual town meeting and the salary was paid by 
a tax levied on the taxable property of the freeholders and was 
considered a part of the town expenses, and there was no getting 
away from payment of the tax when once levied. Although the 
settlement of Newtown commenced in 1705, it was not until six 
years after that the first move, town-wise, was made toward calling 
a minister, who was to be a non-conformist,and settled upon the 
Presbyterian foundation. 

The first town meeting for that purpose was on September 24, 
1711, at the house of Peter Hubbell. It was then voted that Peter 
Hubbell be town clerk for the year ensuing, and it was at this 
meeting that the calling of a minister was first taken up. 

"Voted, that Mr. Phineas Fisk be invited to come to this place to preach 
a sermon amongst us, and that we may discuss him about settling amongst 
us as a minister of the gospel for half a year or some other space of time 
as may be agreed upon for a trial. And Lieutenant William Adams be 



54 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

the person to wait upon him here as soon as can be conveniently attended 
upon." December 24, 1711, it was "Voted, that if Mr. Phineas Fisk will 
come and settle in Newtown and preach ye ministry to us he shall have a 
petition right." February 12, 1712, Ebenezcr Prindle, Samuel Sanford, John 
Piatt, Abraham Kimberley and John Griffin were made a committee "to 
discourse a minister in order for settling him in Newtown." 

May 30, 1712, it was voted "to give the minister that settles as a minister 
that right of land that was laid out to the ministry. "Voted by the major 
part for Mr. Phineas Fisk to be minister for Newtown." "Voted to give 
the minister that comes and settles amongst us, as a minister of the Gospel 
to preach the Gospel amongst us, that he shall have a petition right in full 
with said petitioners of Newtown." 

August 12, 1712, it was voted in town meeting "that if Mr. Phineas Fisk 
carry on ye work of ye ministry amongst us we will for his encouragement, 
besides ye petition right, before granted him build him and finish a 
sufficient dwelling house of 40 feet in length, and 20 feet in breadth, two 
stories high, 16 feet between joists, frame and cover a lean-to, 12 feet wide 
ye whole length of ye house and provide him at our cost a comfortable 
house until we have built as above sd, and give him his wood yearly and 
to be at ye charge of ye removal of his family and goods, fence, clear and 
sow his home lot with wheat, ye first year, and in like manner fence, clear, 
and sow four acres of his land a year for three years following, give him 
for a salary 30 pounds for ye first year, 40 pounds a year the three follow- 
ing years, fifty pounds ye fifth year, 60 pounds ye sixth year in money or 
wheat at a shilling a bushel, and Indian corn at 20 pence a bushel and so 
much upon ye yearly after ye sixth year as 60 pounds shall amount to upon 
ye pound on ye list of rateable estate sd year." 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

After the town had held six town meetings in regard to calling 
Mr. Phineas Fisk and all of no avail at a town meeting Oct. 1, 1712, 
it was "voted: "That Mr. John Glover request ye Rev. Mr. Charles 
Chauncey and ye Rev. Mr. Joseph Weed and some other ministers of ye 
county, if they think needful, that one or two, or as they see meet, come 
and assist and carry on and advise us at Newtown and keep a day of 
humiliation with us, that God in His mercy would direct us and prosper us 
with a man to preach the Gospel to us, and that God would continue the 
Gospel to us." 

It might seem to a thoughtful person that disrespect was shown 
by the Town Clerk in not entering the name of the one called with 
his title, but at the time the call came, Mr. Fisk was still tutor at 
Yale College at Saybrook, and had not been ordained minister of 
the Gospel. From 1706 to 1713 he was tutor at Yale. 

As the correspondence was all on one side, nothing came of it. 
It was learned many years later that he settled in Haddam. 

NEWTOWN'S FIRST SETTLED MINISTER 

REV. THOMAS TOUSEY— 1714-1724. 

At a lawful meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown, April 29,1713, voted 
and agreed for Ebenezer Smith to go to Wethersfield to treat with Mr. 
Tousey of Wethersfield and request him to come and give us a visit 
and preach a Sabbath or two with us that we may have opportunity to 
discourse him in order to carry on ye work of ye ministry amongst us. 

John Glover, Recorder. 

May ye 21, 1713, "voted and made choice of John Glover, Mr. Ebenezer 
Smith and Mr. Benjamin Sherman, a committee to discourse and treat with 
Mr. Tousey of Wethersfield in order to settle amongst us to carry on ye 
work of ye ministry in this place. This meeting is adjourned until to- 
morrow night, sun half an hour high, from ye date above." 

John Glover, Recorder. 

May ye 22d, 1713. "At ye said adjourned meeting the inhabitants voted 
and agreed to give Mr. Thomas Tousee thirty pounds in money and also 
to sow all ye minister's home Lott with Wheat that is suitable, Mr. Tousee 



NEWTOWN'S FIRST SETTLED MINISTER 55 

to have ye crop provided ye sd Mr. Tousee preach ye Gospel Amongst us 
a year. The Inhabitants Aforesaid voted and agreed and made choice of 
Mr Thomas Tousee to preach ye Gospel Amongst us for ye space of a year, 
upon Probation in order to settlement." John Glover, recorder. 

November 16, 1713. The town "voted and agreed and made choice of 
Abraham Kimberly, John Glover, Ebenezer Prindle and John Griffin a 
committee to discourse Mr. Tousey in order to settlement, to know 
whether he is willing to carry on ye work of ye ministry in this place as 
long as God shall grant him life and health on ye salary yt ye town and 
he shall yearly agree for." Voted, "to give Josiah Burritt 20 shillings in 
pay or two-thirds money for meeting in his house on ye Lord's Day from 
this date until next May ensuing." John Glover recorder. 

December 14, 1713. "Voted ye inhabitants of Newtown on ye Date above 
written. Have made and in our place and stead, Put and Empowered our 
trusty and loving friends Abraham Kimberly, John Glover, Ebenezer Smith 
Ebenezer Prindle and John Griffin our true and lawful attorneys, agents 
or trustees for us and in our name to indorse and agree with ye Reverend 
Mr. Tousee respecting his settlement and maintainance so long as he shall 
continue to carry on ye work of ye ministry in this place or town Afore- 
said. Ratifying, Allowing and Confirming and holding firm and effectual 
all, and whatsoever our sd Attorneys or Trustees shall Lawfully do in and 
About ye Premises as we ourselves had Personally indented and Agreed. 
Entered verbatim as voted. Attest John Glover, Town Clerk." 

At a town meeting called and held three days later, Dec. 16, the follow- 
ing vote was passed. "The householders and Inhabitants of Newtown by 
their vote Accepted ye agreement of Town's committee, Attorneys or 
Trustees made with ye Reverend Mr Thomas Tousee as to his settlement 
and sallary and ordered yt sd agreement to be recorded. 

John Glover, Town Clerk. 

May 6, 1714: "At a lawful town meeting of ye householders and Inhab- 
itants of Newtown by their vote accepted the agreement ye town's com- 
mittee, attorneys or trustees made with ye Rev. Mr. Thomas Tousey as to 
his settlement and sallary and orders ye sd agreement to be recorded." 

John Glover, Town Clerk. 

At a town meeting held February 24, 1718, the question of salary came 
up when the following vote was passed: "Voted, Whereas it is concluded 
Between Mr. Tousey and ye selectmen of ye town of Newtown that for ye 
greater convenience of paying ye sd Mr. Tousee his sallary that the year 
shall begin with Him as to his ministerial! work on ye 8th day of March 
next, and so shall continue year by year. It is concluded yt all j't is behind 
or remaining due of sd Air. Tousey's salary from ye iirst of his ministry 
to ye 8th of March, next is 43 pounds, 16 shillings, three pence, shall 
be Payed by sd Day or with all convenient speed and that ever after ye 
8th of March Shall be ye time on or by which ye sd Mr. Tousee shall be 
cleared or that shall be promised therefor." 

Thomas Bennitt, 
Thomas Toucey, Joseph Peck, 

Selectmen. 
Attest, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

March 7, 1718: "At ye above sd town meeting the Inhabitants aforesaid 
did consent to, and by their vote confirm ye agreement between ye Rever- 
end Mr. Tousee and ye selectmen of ye town of Newtown, February 24, 
1718, and ordered sd agreement to be recorded," — Attest Joseph Peck, 
Town Clerk. 

"Whereas, in the articles of agreement between the town of Newtown 
and myself, particular prices are specified of grain and provisions, I do 
hereby declare that as to the grain and provisions that I shall receive of 
the town for the use of my family or for my own necessity or occasion to 
be improved in this place, that I will receive it at the common and current 
price that it shall go at in this place of Newtown from man to man and as 
to what I shall receive over and above what is above mentioned, that I will 
receive it at the price that it will fetch at the market at the seaside where 
I shall cause it to be transported. The price of transportation being to be 
subtracted. That is, that I will give as much here as it shall fetch me at 
any of the near seaboard towns where I shall carry it, except the charges 



56 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

and expense that I shall be at in conveying of it down and the loss that I 
may sustain by shrinkage of grain before such sale or rather at the recep- 
tion of such grain or provision I will allow how as it will fetch at the same 
time at the next seaport town or towns excepting the common and usual 
price of transportation from here thither. 

In witness whereof I do hereunto set my hand this 18th day of November 
A. D. 1718. — Thomas Toucey." 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

"At a lawful town meeting of the inhabitants of Newtown held on Feb- 
ruary 9th 1714, it was agreed and voted that the inhabitants aforesaid 
shall pay four pence per pound of the List to the Rev. Mr. Toucey's salary 
for the year 1718 to the 8th of March, next, and then the years begin 
again according to agreement as appears on record." 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

At a lawful meeting of the Inhabitants of Newtown held December 26, 

1720, "It was unanimously agreed upon and voted to pay Mr. Toucey Iiis 

salary and all the provisions he shall name of the above inhabitants as is 

specified in the instrument to be seen on Page 79." 

Three years of apparent prosperity pass, and for the greater en- 
couragement of the minister the town "voted and agreed by ye 
Inhabitants aforesaid to get Mr. Tousee his fire wood the year 1721 by a 
rate leavied out of ye list of ye estate of ye inhabitants afore sd at one 
penny per pound; ye price of a load of wood, walnut wood is to be 2 shill- 
ings, 6 pence; a load of oak or other good wood is 2 shillings a load; ye 
aforesaid wood is to be carted or sledded by ye last of January or ye first 
of February next, and if any man shall neglect to give in his account of 
his wood into ye Collector of ye Wood Rate, Shall by virtue of this vote 
be as Liable to be strainde upon for his wood rate, as he yt has got no 
wood for ye aforesaid Mr. Tousee." "Voted that Daniel Foot shall be and 
is appointed collector for to take care of and collect ye above sd wood 
rate according to vote or as the law directs for ye gathering of other 
town rates." Attest, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

Two years pass and the conditions between the town and the 
minister are again discussed at a town meeting March 12, 1823. It 
was voted : "that Capt. Thomas Bennett, Sergt. Peter Hubbell, Samuel Beers 
and Ephraim Peck be a committee in ye behalf of ye town to discourse with 
ye Reverend Mr. Tousee by reason of uneasiness of ye major part of ye in- 
habitants of sd town, they being willing to pay himself for ye time he has 
continued in ye work of ye ministry till this Instant and no further, provid- 
ed he will lay down ye work of ye ministry among us." — Recorded, Joseph 
Peck, Clerk. 

In the fall of 1723, Mr. Tousey prefers a memorial to the General Court 
complaining that his salary is not forthcoming. The General Court, upon 
complaint of Mr. Tousey issues an order that the "Inhabitants of the town 
of Newtown in compliance with the agreement with Mr. Tousey shall pay 
to the sd Mr Tousey 60 pounds of money beside a reasonable consideration 
for his fire wood for ye year 1723, which ended ye 8th of March last, and 
it is further enacted that a rate of five pence on ye pound on all ye polls 
and rateable estate within ye sd Town and collect and gather the same and 
pay it to ye sd Mr. Tousey on or before ye third Tuesday of July next year, 
and still further, should this fail, ye secretary of ye colony is ordered to 
issue a warrant or distraint to ye sheriff of Fairfield County, who is to be 
allowed 15 shillings fee; and is to send forthwith a copy of this act to Mr. 
Thomas Bennitt, Justice of ye peace, who is hereby required to see it 
properly served." — Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

July 10, 1723, "It was put to vote whether or no ye inhabitants of ye town 
would abide contented and sitt still under Mr. Tousey's ministry and pay 
him a salary of 60 pounds ye year and find him fire wood for ye time to 
come. Voted in ye negative." — Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

March 12, 1724, "it was voted whether ye inhabitants of ye town would 
pay Mr Tousee a sallary of 60 pounds and find him his fire wood under ye 
consideration of ye sircumstances of ye place and as Mr. Tousee hath and 
now doth carry on ye work of ye ministry. Voted in the negative." At ye 



NEWTOWN'S FIRST SETTLED MINISTER 57 

above sd meeting ye persons underwritten Entered their protest against 
paying Mr. Tousee any Money by way of rate, declaring themselves to be 
of another persuasion, namely: Mr. John Glover, Sergt. John Seely, Robert 
Seely, Daniel Jackson, Samuel Henry and John Foot, because they could 
not sit easy under him. — Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

At a town meeting, March 19, 1724, it was "Voted for to discuss with Mr. 
Toucey about laying down the work of the ministry among us, hoping to 
have some answer from him about the same thing, but we had none. Then 
we put to vote whether or no Capt. Bennitt, Peter Hubbell, Samuel Beers, 
and Ephraim Peck should be a committee to act and write in behalf of the 
town to the Reverend Mr Toucey, and to the rest of the elders and it was 
a clear vote that they should." 

Samuel Beers, 
Ebenezer Booth, 
Nathan Baldwin, 
Selectmen. 
Recorded March 27, 1724, per Joseph Peck. 

"At a lawful town meeting of the Inhabitants of Newtown held May 14, 
1724, tried by vote separating one from another, whether the inhabitants 
would send an agent or an attorney to the General Court to be holden at 
Hartford on May 14, 1724, to show reasons why a petition to be preferred 
to the General Assembly aforesaid by Mr Tousey should not be granted as 
set forth in the writ, and it was voted in the affirmative and at the above 
said meeting the inhabitants by their votes authorized the selectmen in 
the town's behalf to assist in the matter depending between Mr. Toucey 
and the town relating to a petition to be preferred to the General Assem- 
bly to be holden at Hartford, May 14, 1724, according to that decision either 
by an attorney, agent or by writing." 

Recorded, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

December 28, 1724, "it was voted by the inhabitants of the town in town 
meeting that the selectmen should discourse with Mr. Toucey concerning 
an account of salary and rearages and see what his demands are and make 
report to the town." 

From the State records at the October Assembly of 1725 : "Upon the 
memorial of the town of Newtown showing to this Assembly that sd town 
is at present under pressing circumstances occassioned by ye removeal 
of ye former minister (Mr. Toucey) and the settling of another (Mr John 
Beach) being weakened by ye dissension in opinion which hath been and is 
still among them, and remarkably cut short in their crops this present 
year by ye frost by ye which they are much straightened and incapacita- 
ted to pay a rate to ye publick, this Assembly therefore for ye special 
reasons aforesaid, do see cause to free and do hereby exempt and free the 
Inhabitants of sd town from paying any county rate for ye next year en- 
suing, provided ye town of Newtown draws no money for ye schools nor 
sends representatives to this Assembly during ye exemption." 

"Whereas, In the Engagement of the town of Newtown by their com- 
mittee to myself for my encouragement and for them In the work of the 
ministry bearing date July the 27th, 1714, there is in it an article as this 
expressed in these words: 'And also if by the Providence of God the Rev- 
erend Mr Tousey should be disinabled from his work in the ministry 
through sickness, iniirmity, or age, he is notwithstanding to have his salary 
of sixty pounds a year yearly during life.' This article being to some dis- 
trustful, be it known to all men to whom this present shall come. That I 
do that is, I the said Tousey do accept said agreement of the Tovvn as 
though the above said article had never been mentioned, always reminded 
that there be never any but confidence on this act of mine as though I did, 
in such losses as above said cut myself from the common privileges of 
ministers of the Gospel, or from reasonable subsidence being adminstered. 
In witness whereof I do hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of 
October, Anno Domini 1715." Thomas Tousey. 

In presence of us 

Abraham Kimberley, 

Samuel Beers. 



58 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

At a lawful town meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown, held by adjourn- 
ment on ye 8th day of February, 1725, then agreed and voted by ye inhab- 
itants "aforesd at sd meeting to pay a rate of two pence half penny upon 
ye pound of ye inhabitants of Newtown per year to recompense MrToucey 
for ye time he served in ye work of ye ministry in ye year 1724. 

Differences were at last amicably adjusted, all arrearages paid 
and soon after Mr Toucey went to England, accepted a commission 
of Captain in the King's Army and on his return to America came 
back to Newtown, retired from the ministry, but retained his resi- 
dence in Newtown through life, always taking an active part in 
religious, social, civic and business matters and holding many high 
ol^ces of public trust. 

Soon after Rev. Mr. Toucey was hired, the town began to take 
necessary steps towards building a house for the minister, which 
was speedily carried to completion. It stood on ground opposite 
Newtown Inn. 

A meeting house was also built during his ministry. The matter 
began to be agitated soon after Mr. Tousey was settled, but the 
town moved slowly in the matter and it was not until after 1720, 
that the work had progressed so far as to encourage them to hold 
meetings in it, and it was used in an unfinished state for many 
years. 

The location of the meeting house was fixed beyond dispute by 
vote of the town "to be where the lane that runs easterly and westerly 
intersects the main street, or the street that runs northerly and southerly." 
There it was placed and so remained until 1792, when it was moved 
80 feet directly west, where it is recognized as the Congregational 
church of to-day, remodeled without and within, and the home 
church of a goodly congrgation. "The groves were God's first 
temples," and although the town by vote in town meeting paid a 
rental to such families as would open the doors of their crude log 
houses for Sunday worship, we can easily believe that, when the 
warm mid-summer days came, they held their meetings out of 
doors, oft-times in the shade of native trees that were then abund- 
ant all through what is now our beautiful village street. 

Rev. Thomas Toucey was born in Wethersfield, Conn., in 1688, 
graduated from Yale College in the class of 1707, and was hired to 
become the minister for Newtown in December, 1713, and was or- 
dained as a minister of the Gospel and commenced his work as such 
in the early part of the year 1714. He was married to Hannah 
Clark of Milford, November 12, 1717. They had a family of 11 
children: Hannah, born September 25, 1718; Arminal, born Apr. 15, 
1720; Elizabeth, born November 26, 1721; Oliver, born April 26, 
1726; Mehitable, born March 16, 1728; Sarah, born October 16, 1730; 
John, born June 15, 1731; Ann, born May 4, 1733; Thomas, born 
December 5, 1736; Zalmon, born February 20, 1738; Amaryllis, born 
September 11, 1739. Rev. Mr. Toucey died in Newtown, March 14, 
1761, in the 74th year of his age. A blue slate stone slab marks his 
grave in the old part of Newtown cemetery, with this epitaph : 

"Down to an impartial Graves' devouring shade. 
Sink human honors and the Hoary Head 

Protract your years, acquire what mortals can 
Here see with deep concern ye end of man." 



NEWTOWN'S SECOND SETTLED MINISTER 59 

NEWTOWN'S SECOND SETTLED MINISTER 

REV. JOHN BEACH— 1724-1732. 

At a town meeting July 27, 1724, it was "voted, that Capt. Thomas Bennitt 
should be moderator to put to vote what was then in consideration to be 
acted for ye hireing a young minister to preach ye gospel to ye town of 
Newtown. At ye above meeting Mr John Beach of Stratford was made 
choice of by vote of ye inhabitants of ye above sd town to come and preach 
ye gospel to sd town for ye space of two or three months, and it was 
further agreed and voted also yt if Mr Beach cannot be obtained by ye 
messenger or messengers that shall be empowered in behalf of ye town, 
then ye messengers are to apply themselves to Mr Andrews of Milford, 
Mr Gould of Stratford and Mr Cook of Stratfield for counsel and advice 
when they had best applied themselves for a man." "Voted also at ye 
above meeting that Capt. Thomas Bennitt and Mr Freegrace Adams shall 
also be messengers in ye towns behalf to act in ye business above written 
according to act of ye town. Robert Seely, being of another persuasion, 
entered his protest against ye vote passed concerning a minister." "Voted, 
that Mr Beach should be paid for his salary, sixty pounds a year for the 
first two years, and so rise ten pounds a year, yearly, until it should make 
one hundred pounds per annum and that to be Mr Beach's salary, all which 
payments are to be truly paid to him in money or provisions as they shall 
pass from man to man. Besides his standard salary he is to be paid in 
pork, beef, rye, wheat, flax, and Indian corn, also to give him fire wood 
when he is settled, also erect and build for him a two story house, Mr 
Beach to furnish ye glass and nails, ye house to be 40 feet long and 21 
feet wide, and in height as generally two story houses are built, and erect 
a chimney in ye midst of ye house, of three funnels, two fire places below 
and one in ye chambers, Mr Beach finding glass and iron; also agree to 
give him ye improvement of a four acre home lot, during life, and also 
make to him 123 acres of land besides." "At a lawful town meeting of ye 
inhabitants of Newtown, held October 8, 1724, ordered and appointed for 
ye making choice of a gospel minister in order to settlement, the voters 
were ordered to bring in their votes for ye man's name whom they desired 
should be their settled minister with ye man's name fairly written on a 
piece of paper with their own names to it also, and Mr John Beach of 
Stratford was made choice of for ye Gospel minister in Newtown. Those 
whose names are underwritten declaring themselves to be of another 
persuasion, dissented or entered their protest against their doing anything 
for ye settling of any dissenting minister, namely John Glover, Robert 
Seely, Daniel Jackson, Samuel Henrix, James Hard, Senr, Moses Lyon. 
Received for record ye date above." — Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

At a lawful meeting of ye proprietors of Newtown, Nov. 9, 1724, voted: 
"Whether Mr John Beach shall have the improvement of four acres of 
paster land lying south on ye land of Thomas Sharpe's home lott, westerly 
on Samuel Ferris, southerly on common land or highway, duering ye sd 
Mr Beach his natural life, viz. if he, ye sd Beach shall settle in ye work of 
ye ministry, in this place of Newtown. Voted in ye affirmative." "Voted, 
that those proprietors which have or shall give by subscription to Mr. John 
Beach for his encouragement, to settle in ye work of ye ministry in New- 
town, according to ye conditions of this Government, that is to say, ye 
persons so subscribing shall have liberty to lay what they have subscribed 
out of their thirty acre divisions, in one or two entire tracts — that is to 
say, part on Brushy Hill, near ye south end of ye town, on ye westerly 
side the other part or tract without ye sequesterment. Voted in ye affirm- 
ative. Entered per me, Peter Hubbell, Town Clerk." 

November 9, 1724: We, ye subscribers do freely give for ye encourage- 
ment of Mr. John Beach's settlement in ye ministry in Newtown, that is 
to say, out of ye thirty acre divisions already agreed upon to be laid out, 
money sufficient to pay for ye number of acres subscribed to our respec- 
tive names the same to be combined in two or more larger tracts : 

Subscribers: Capt. Thomas Bennitt, 5; Samuel Beers, 5; Ebenezer Booth, 
6; Joseph Peck, 5; Ebenezer Prindle, 2>^ ; Stephen Parmelee, 5; Samuel 
Sanford, 5; Ephraim Peck, 5; Mathew Sherman, 5; John Northrop, 2; 



60 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Josiah Burritt, 4; Jeremiah Northrop, 2; Joseph Botchford, 2; Nathan 
Baldwin, 4; Benjamin Dunning, 3; Jonothan Hubbell, 2; Lemuel Camp, 3; 
Hugh Stillson, 5; Adonijah Morriss, 2; Peter Hubbell, 5; Joseph Gray, 5; 
Jonathan Booth, 4; Joseph Bristol, 2; John Gillett, 7^; John Plat. 5; 
Andrew Wheller, 1; Thomas Sharp, 1; Benjamin Northrop, 1; John Griffin, 
4; Moses Stillson. 4; Samuel Bryan, 6; Thomas Skidmore, 4; John Lake, 2. 

In addition to these acres, at a town meeting April 6, 1725, "It was voted 
that Mr. John Beach shall have liberty to take up 30 acres of land that was 
given to him out of ye 30 acres as it appears on the records, viz. at ye end 
of one mile from ye meeting house to be taken in two or three places at 
his election, provided it be taken so that it damnify no highway." 

Peter Hubbell, Clerk. 

One of the first propositions made Mr Beach, in case he would 
become Newtown's minister, assured him that he was, at the outset, 
to be ranked among the town's largest landed proprietors. That 
settled there was to follow the matter of salary and the perquisites. 

"The agreement entered into between Rev. John Beach of Stratford, in 
ye County of Fairfield, and Colony of Connecticut in New England, on ye 
one part, and Peter Hubbell, Samuel Beers and John Leavenworth of 
Newtown, in ye County and Colony aforesaid, on ye other part, witnesseth 
as followeth — 

The above sd Mr Beach doth covenant with ye above sd Peter Hubbell, 
Samuel Beers and John Leavenworth, as they are a committe in ye behalf 
of ye town of Newtown abovesaid to settle in ye ministry of Newtown 
aforesaid, as soon as may be with conveniency comformable to Providence 
only excepted and allowed to continue during my life if ye Providence of 
God shall allow ye same, and furthermore I, ye sd Mr Beach, do promise 
to find all ye iron work, nails and glass for ye building me a house in 
Newtown, this house after exprest. 

Peter Hubbell, Samuel Beers and John Leavenworth as a committee in 
ye behalf of ye town of Newtown above sd do covenant with ye above sd 
Mr. John Beach that upon his settling in ye work of a ministry in New- 
town aforesaid, therefore ye sd Mr. John Beach shall have paid him for his 
salary ye sum hereafter mentioned, sixty pounds per year for ye tvvo first 
years, after ye first day of this instant January, and allow to rise ten 
pounds per year yearly, until make one hundred pounds per annum, and 
then to be Mr Beach his standing salary, all which payments are to be 
truly paid to Mr Beach in provisions as they shall pass from man to man 
here in Newtown on ye first day of January, also to erect and finish a 
two story house for Mr Beach, he finding glass and nails as above exprest, 
and to find Mr Beach in his fire wood yearly and also to give Mr Beach ye 
improvement of four acres of pasture land lying near Shay's home lots 
as appears by record during his life, also we, Peter Hubbell, Samuel Beers 
and John Leavenworth as a committee for ye town of Newtown do make 
over unto Mr John Beach sundry parcels of land containing one house and 
23 acres, and also four acres home lot, in Newtown above sd as may appear 
by deed executed under my hands and seal, bearing date with this instru- 
ment in confirmation of every one of above articles ye above mentioned 
parties have enterchangeably sett to their hands and seals in Newtown, 
ye date above mentioned." 

John Beach (Seal) 

Note: That ye above house is to be finished on or before the first day 
of November next ensuing the date above mentioned. 

Peter Hubbell (Seal) 

Samuel Beers (Seal) 

John Leavenworth (Seal) 
Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Thomas Bennitt, Joseph 
Peck. 
This instrument received for record January ye 25th, 1725. 
Recorded per me, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

"At a lawful meeting held May 14, 1725, it was agreed and voted by ye 
inhabitants at sd meeting that Peter Hubbell, John Leavenworth, and 
Nathan Baldwin shall be, and are appointed a committee in ye behalf of 



NEWTOWN'S SECOND SETTLED MINISTER 61 

ye town to take efficient care yt ye sd town answer those obligations to 
and for Air. John Beach and ye sd town as appears in ye article of agree- 
ment between Mr. Beach and ye sd town and by votes of sd town as 
appears on record, or by subscription under hand by particular persons; 
also take special care ye work be done, ye town ratifying and confirming 
what ye aforesaid committee shall do in ye premises." — Joseph Peck, 
Town Clerk. 

"At a town meeting held, June 8, 1725, it was voted to recompense Rev. 
Mr. Beach for ye time he preached in Newtown before ye town agreed 
with Mr. Beach for settlement. Further voted that if ye selectman of ye 
town cannot gather money enough to pay ye purchase of ye house lot 
bought of Daniel Foot for Mr. Beach, then ye selectmen are to make or 
levy a rate upon ye list for ye payment of what money is wanting of ye 
sum of 40 pounds. 

"At a lawful meeting held December 30, 1726: Voted to pay a rate of four 
pence on ye pound upon ye list of ye inhabitants to pay Mr Beach his 
salary for ye year 1726. Also agreed to vote to pay one-half penny on ye 
pound to get Mr Beach his fire wood. Voted that ye price of walnut wood 
is four shillings six pence a load, and of oak wood is three shillings and 
six pence a load : also voted to give the two collectors of the town and 
minister's rates, fifteen shillings apiece for one year." — Joseph Peck, Town 
Clerk. 

April 6, 1727: The town voted and agreed that they should pay a tax of 
10 pence on ye pound for to defray ye charges of erecting and furnishing 
a house for ye Rev. Mr. John Beach. — Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

December 18, 1727: "Voted that Capt. Thomas Bennitt, Dea John 
Botsford, Lieut. John Northrop, Joseph Peck and Peter Hubbell shall be a 
committee in behalf of ye town to audit the accounts with Nathan Baldwin 
and John Leavenworth, committee for ye erecting and building a house 
for Mr Beach and make returns to ye town. Further voted and agreed 
that the committee appointed to erect and build the house for Mr Beach 
shall have 40 shillings apiece for their labor and trouble in sd service, 
which is six pounds." 

January 8, 1728, the town "voted to pay a rate of three pence half penny 
half farthing upon ye pound of ye list to pay Mr Beach his salary for ye 
year 1727, and further agreed and voted to pay a rate of one-half penny 
upon ye pound to defray ye charges of Mr Beach's fire wood for ye year 
1728 and voted to give ye collectors fifteen shillings apiece for collecting 
ye minister's and ye town rates (viz.) thirty shillings." — Joseph Peck, Town 
Clerk. 

Decernber 10, 1730, the town "voted that Samuel Henry and his son, 
Nathaniel Henry, be freed from paying any church minister's rate ye year 
ensuing, provided that ye sd Samuel and Nathanial Henry pay their pro- 
portion according to their list to a preaching Presbyterian minister at 
Redding at ye place known by ye name of Redding Ridge." 

Mr. Beach was dearly beloved by the people, but he was so 
strongly fortified in his conscience in regard to the invalidity of 
ordination, and the necessity of being consecrated to the minis- 
terial office by a duly chosen Bishop that after a few short years 
had passed he made known his views and that because of his strong 
convictions he felt it to be his duty to resign the pastoral office. In 
no way can the proceedings that culminated in the severing of the 
ties by which he and his people were so closely knitted together be 
so clearly portrayed than from compilations from the records of the 
more important town meetings that were held in relation to the 
matter. A town meeting was called for January 12, 1732, "to 
consult what was proper to be done with ye Rev John Beach under ye 
present difficulties of ye town by sd Mr Beach, who hath declared himself 
to be in communion with ye church of England. Ye meeting is adjourned 
until ye 19th day of January at 3 o'clock in ye afternoon." At ye aforesaid 
adjourned meeting "voted by ye inhabitants above sd to keep a day of 



62 XFWTOWX'S HISTORY AXD HISTORIAN 

solemn fasting and prayer under ye present difficult circumstances. Also 
to call in ye Ecclesiastical Council of ye County of Fairtield to direct and 
do what they shall think proper under yc present difficult sircunistances 
of ye sd town respecting >e Rev John Beach and ye inhabitants of ye town 
of Xewtown. Also ye first Wednesday of February next is ye day appoint- 
ed for ye fast. Also voted by ye inhabitants aforesaid that Captain Thomas 
Toucey. Mr Peter Hubbell and Mr John Leavenworth be a committee in 
ye behalf of ye town to write to ye Reverend Elders of ye County as above 
said, for their assistance." The following protest was entered at the same 
meeting against its action : "Protest — Whereas there being a town meeting 
held in Xewtown on ye instant January 1^, \7S2. it is voted in sd meeting 
to keep a fast and to send out for ye Council of Elders to consult what 
methods to take in ye present difficulty of ye town above sd. We whose 
names are hereunto subscribed do enter our protest against sd vote: James 
Hard. Benjamin Glover. James Hard. Jr.. John Glover. Samuel Sherman, 
Robert Seely. Henry Glover. John Fabrique." — Joseph Peck. Town Clerk. 

January 31, 1732. it was voted in town meeting that Capt Thomas Bennitt 
Capt. Thomas Toucey and Deacon John Botsford be a committee to lay 
before ye Ecclestiastical council this work expected here, the present diffi- 
culties of ye town for that ye Rev. John Beach declareth himself 
to be partly reconciled to ye Church of England, that he questions the 
validity of the Presbyterian ordination, that he cannot, in faith, admin- 
ister the Sacrament and refuseth to administer them, and declares that 
though there is a possibility, yet, not ye least probability that he shall 
return to us again upon his former principles, and to begg that ye said 
venerable Council would conclude and determine for this place with 
respect to ye premises as they shall think most regular." A protest was 
made by those whose names are entered below, "declaring themselves to 
be of another persuasion and protesting against the meeting doing any- 
thing for ye settlement of any dissenting minister : John Glover. Robert 
Daly. Daniel Jackson. Samuel Hawley. James Hard and Moses Lyon." 
— Joseph Peck. Town Clerk. 

The town voted February JSth. 17oJ. "that Capt. Thomas Bennitt. Deacon 
John Botsford. Lieut. John Xorthrop and Mr John Leavenworth be a com- 
mittee in behalf of ye town to discourse with John Beach with respect to 
ye estate made by settlement here and to know of him his terms (.if any) 
that he will be upon with respect to the signification of ye whole or a part 
of what as above he hath received and to make report to ye town at an 
adjourned meeting." 

Reply of Rev. John Beach to the above request : "Whereas a committee 
appointed by the inhabitants of the town of X'ewtown have made this 
proposal, viz : That if I will quit claim all ye land which I do now possess 
by virtue of a deed from ye proprietors of sd town and any of their acts, 
then I shall hold ye house and home lot, as my own estate and have ye 
use of that under Mount Tom. and ye use of that lot near X^athaniel Par- 
malee's until Xovember next, and be paid by sd town for ye fences about 
ye above lots. To ye above sd proposal I consent, as witness by hand 
this Sth day of March. 17o2." John Beach. 

In presence of us : Thomas Bennitt. John X'orthrop. John Leavenworth, 
John Botsford. Committee. 

"At a lawful meeting held by adjournment, this 13th day of March. 1732, 
upon condition that Sir Beach shall amply quit claim unto all ye lands 
referred to by ye town committee in their proposal to ye sd Mr Beach as 
on ye other side bearing date March S. 1732. that is to say, shall quit claim 
ye same to ye Presbyterian part of ye town of X'ewtown considered as in 
distinction from that of the Episcopal persuasion, the town of Xewtown 
by their vote concur with sd proposal made by their committee accepted." 
"Voted, that the town committee shall take a quit claim of Mr Beach of ye 
land according to ve proposals above expressed." — Joseph Peck. Town 
Clerk. 

"In ye stead, behalf and name of ye town of X'ewtown and their succes- 
sors forever, unto ye aforesaid Mr John Beach, his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, devise, release, relinquish and quit claim with ye house and home- 
stead on which sd house is now erected, containing four acres, east on ye 



NEWTOWN'S SECOND SETTLED MINISTER 63 

main street, north on ye home lot of Daniel Foot, south and west by ye 
heirs of Hugh Stillson, deceased. Recorded April 8, 1732, by Joseph Peck, 
and signed by John Gregory, Justice of ye Peace." 

In the first settlement of New England the preachers introduced 
the practice of having their congregation rise as they entered the 
meeting house. The males and females being separate, the one on 
the left and the other on the right, the moment the minister enter- 
ed the broad aisle, the whole congregation rose. The minister, with 
a slow and solemn pace proceeding up the aisle, inclined his head 
first to the ladies, and then to the gentlemen. After entering his 
pulpit, all standing, he first bowed to the ladies, who returned the 
compliment by a decent courtesy, then he turned to the gentlemen 
and bowed to them, they also returning the compliment. Rev. 
Mr. Beach, finding the practice had been introduced in the congre- 
gation, requested them not to rise and bow to him, but worship 
God. saying that kneeling meant prostration- and that we were 
told by the Apostle that at the name of Jesus "every knee shall bow." 

Rev. John Beach, successor to Rev. Thomas Toucey, was the 
second settled minister in Newtown. He was born in Stratford, 
Conn., Oct. 6, 1700, and was a graduate of Yale College of the class 
of 1724. He was married in Stratford in 1726 and became the fath- 
er of eight children, all of whom were born in Xewtown. He died 
in Xewtown in 1782. When he resigned as minister of the first 
Ecclesiastical society in Xewtown in 1732, it was from his conscien- 
tious convictions of duty and he publicly informed his people of a 
change in his views and declared his readiness to receive orders in 
the Church of England. His resignation came in March, 1732. He 
soon sailed to England for Holy Orders, returning in September of 
the same year. He was appointed by the Society for the propaga- 
tion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts missionary over the towns of 
X'ewtown and Redding, which work he carried on until his death in 
1782. He was much loved by his congregation and, though the 
sundering of the ties that bound them caused many a heart ache, it 
did not weaken friendship, nor cause a bitterness of feeling that 
was long continued. 

TTie Ministry of Rev. EUisha Kent. 

An Association of ye County of Fairfield met in Newtown, Feh2, 1732: 
"It is agreed that it is advisable, and accordinly advise ye good peolpe in 
Newtown to be speedy in their application to some meet person for steady 
information in order to a settlement in ye ministry among them and rec- 
omend to them for that purpose Mr Samuel Sherman of New Haven or 
Mr Hinsdall of Deerfield. 

Ye above advice offered to ye town at ye above sd meeting and accepted 
by vote of 3'e inhabitants, James Hard Junr., entered his protest against 
ye advice above sd at sd meeting. The meeting is adjourned until Tues- 
day at sun an hour high in ye afternoon ye 8th day in Februray inst." 

The meeting convened according to ye adjournment Feb. 8th. Then was 
ye judgment of ye venerable Council concerning Mr. Beach published in 
ye sd town meeting." — Joseph Peck. Town Clerk. 

At a meeting held Feb. 8, 1732. "it was voted by ye inhabitants yt Capt. 
Thomas Toucey, Deacon John Botsford. Lieut. John Northrop. Mr. Joseph 
Peck and Mr. John Leavenworth shall be yt committee in j-e behalf of ye 
advice of ye Rev. Association Late Given to ye town of Newtown with re- 
spect to ye obtaining if it may be, either Sir. Samuel Sherman of New 



64 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Haven or Mr. Hinsdale of Deerfield to come and carry on preaching in 
this place in order to a settlement in ye gospel ministry here in case there 
be a good liking and agreement to that end between those calling and him 
called, and in case that neither of those gentlemen can be obtained that 
ye sd committe shall have power with good advice to apply themselves 
to any other suitable persons for ye end aforesaid." — Joseph Peck, Town 
Clerk. 

"At a lawful meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown held May H, 1732, 
appointed to consider and conclude upon proper measures to be pushed 
under our present circumstances, to ye end that we may have ye greater 
reason to hope for ye blessing of God in and upon our proceedings and 
endeavors for ye obtaining a Gospel Minister of ye Presbyterian persua- 
sion to be settled among us in Newtown. Captain Bennett appointed mod- 
erator. Agreed by vote at above meeting: That ye next Thursday, ye 18th 
of this instant, be in this place religiously observed as a day of fasting and 
prayer. To seek of God a right way for us and ye smiles of his contenance 
upon us and to make application to two or three neighboring elders for 
assistance in carrying on ye work of sd day." 

"Agreed and voted that at or towards ye close of ye fast, that ye town 
be brought to vote respecting ye choice of ye men whom they would have 
to be ye minister as above said. The meeting is adjourned to this day 
ye 18th instant May, until ye exercises of ye fast be concluded. Capt. 
Toucey voted moderator for ye present meeting." 

At a lawful town meeting of ye inhabitants of ye town of Newtown held 
June 30, 1732, appointed to vote for a minister. Lieut. John Northrope 
appointed moderator, for ye business of ye meeting. "Voted, that ye 
voters should bring in their votes with their names written to their votes, 
which was done and brought in and Mr. Elisha Kent was by a fair and 
clear vote of ye inhabitants of ye town of Newtown made choice of for 
their minister, upon ye Presbyterian foundation." Voted also, by ye inhab- 
itants of Newtown at above sd meeting that if Mr Elisha Kent shall if he 
see cause to settle in ye ministry in Newtown upon ye Presbyterian 
foundation, (by Presbyterian foundation is to be understood that in oppo- 
sition to ye Episcopal persuasion,) that Mr. Kent so settling and contin- 
uing, that for his encouragement he shall have all of ye land quit claimed 
by Mr Beach unto those of ye Presbyterian foundation in Newtown, and 
one iiundred and ten pounds per year during his continuing in ye ministry, 
provided that Mr Kent shall give good security that if he shall see cause 
to alter his principles from his foundation on which he shall be settled to 
pay unto ye above Presbyterian party ye sum of four hundred pounds 
lawful money. It is to be understood by Mr Kent, his salary is to be paid 
in provisions or other such as we raise at ye prices as they pass among ye 
neighborhood in Newtown. Voted That Capt. Thomas Bennitte, Mr Peter 
Hubbelle and Ensign Thomas Skidmor should be added to ye committee 
that were appointed to seek out for a minister in behalf of ye town of 
Newtown above as appears upon record (namely) Captain Thomas Toucey, 
Deacon John Botsford, Lieut. John Northrop, Joseph Peck, and John 
Leavenworth, and are empowered by fhis vote in behalf of ye town, to 
represent ye towns affairs to Mr. Kent, respecting to his settlement and 
salary in Newtown and make report to ye town. This committee was 
adjourned until the 6th day of July, 1732, at sun and hour high in ye after- 
noon." Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

"At a lawful town meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown holden June 
30, 1732, appointed to vote for a minister, etc., ye names of those that voted 
for Mr. Elisha Kent to be their minister at sd meeting are as followeth : 
John Leavenworth, Moses Johnson, Ephraim Hawley, Johoial Hawley, 
Henry Botsford, Henry Botsford Jr., Daniel Foot, Jedediah Prindle. Eben- 
ezer Johnson, Joseph Peck Jr., Joseph Peck, James Brisco, Nathaniel 
Brisco, Jeremiah Johnson, Thomas Pearce. John Piatt, Ebenezer, Piatt, 
Stephen Parmelee, Joseph Benedick, Joseph Benedick Jr, Gideon Benedict, 
Samuel Pearce, Samuel Griffin, John Lake, Daniel Booth, Capt. Thomas 
Bennitt, John Golot, Abraham Bennitt, John Griffin, Joseph Botsford, 
Noah Parmelee, Joseph Murray, Samuel Parmelee, Thomas Northrop, 
Johnathan Hubbell, James Baldwin, Benjamin Northrop, Mathew Sherman, 



MINISTRY OF REV. ELISHA KENT 65 

Deacon John Botsford, Nathan Baldwin, Caleb Baldwin, Caleb Baldwin, 
Jr., Capt. Thomas Toucey, Samuel Summers, Benjamin Dunning, Stephen 
Burritt, Jehosaphat Prindle, Edward Fairchild, Stephen Hawley, Ephraim 
Prindle, Joseph Prindle, John Blackman, Thomas Skidmore, Jeremiah 
Northrop, Lieut. John Northrop, Joseph Bristol, Moses Botsford, Ebenezer 
Prindle, Benjamin Dunning, Jr., Samuel Sanford, Lemuel Camp, Mr. Peter 
Hubbell, John Hull, Job Sherman, Abel Booth." 

"At a lawful meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown, held July 21, 1732, 
Lieut. John Northrop, moderator, it was agreed and voted to give Mr. 
Elisha Kent for his encouragement and settlement in ye work of a gospel 
minister in Newtown one hundred pounds money to be paid (viz.) one- 
third part of ye one hundred pounds sometime in November next ensuing, 
ye second part of sd one hundred pounds in November in ye year 1733, 
and ye last third part sometime in November, 1734. — Joseph Peck, Town 
Clerk." 

"Understood thus by ye town that Mr Elisha Kent is to pay Mr John 
Beach for ye fence that Mr Beach hath erected on some of ye lands which 
Mr. Kent is to have if he see cause to settle in Newtown in ye ministry. 
The meeting is adjourned until Thursday ye 25th of July. Ye meeting con- 
vened ye 25th of July and by reason of having no direct answer of Mr. 
Kent's acceptance of ye town's proposals as above exprest, ye meeting is 
adjourned until Tuesday ye first day of August at sun an hour high in ye 
afternoon." 

"Ye meeting convened August ye 1st, 1732: Voted by ye inhabitants of 
Newtown at sd lawful town meeting that Mr. John Leavenworth should be 
moderator of sd meeting. Agreed and voted at said adjourned meeting that 
Mr Peter Hubbell, and Ensign Thomas Skidmore shall be, and are by this 
vote, appointed committee and are empowered with ye committee that 
took a quit claim of Mr. Beach in ye behalf of ye Presbyterian part of ye 
town so distinguished in opposition to Episcopal, namely, Captain Thomas 
Toucey, Deacon John Botsford, Lieut. John Northrop and John Leaven- 
worth, which appears of record, as to ye lands, quit claimed by Mr. Beach 
and before named committee power to act in ye behalf of ye town as 
above sd. The above named committee are by this vote empowered to 
make ample conveyance of sd land unto Mr Elisha Kent, according to 
agreement and vote of ye town." Entered per Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

"At a lawful town meeting of ye inhabitants of Newtown, held by agree- 
ment August 1st, 1732, Agreed and voted at sd meeting that Captain 
Thomas Toucey, Captain Thomas Bennitt, Deacon John Botsford, Lieut. 
John Northrop, Mr John Leavenworth, Mr Peter Hubbell and Ensign 
Thomas Skidmore, shall be, and are appointed a committee and are em- 
powered by this vote in ye behalf of ye town to give sufficient security, to 
Joseph Murray for ye sum of one hundred pounds in current bills of credit 
which hundred pounds is to be understood the hundred pounds which is 
voted to Mr. Elisha Kent in order to his settlement in the ministry. The 
town holding firm and good whatever the above sd committee shall law- 
fully do in ye premises. Further voted at above sd meeting that there 
shall be a rate, a tax levied upon ye list made in ye year 1731, that amounts 
to ye sum of thirty-three pounds, seven shillings. Voted also at sd meet- 
ing that Joseph Bristol and Abraham Bennitt shall be collectors to gather 
sd tax of thirty-three pounds, seven shillings and deliver it to ye above 
named committee. Meeting adjourned till ye 24th day of August, 1732 — 
Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

"At a lawful town meeting held by adjournment August 24th, 1732. Then 
by vote of ye inhabitants Captain Thomas Toucey was chosen and appoint- 
ed committee or agent in ye behalf of ye town to take ye bond of Mr 
Elisha Kent of sum of four hundred pounds money, which sd Mr Kent is 
to pay to ye Presbyterian part of ye town so distinguished from ye Epis- 
copal, in case sd Mr. Elisha Kent falls from ye principles he shall be 
settled upon in ye work of a gospel minister in Newtown. Also voted at 
sd meeting that ye ordination of Mr Kent should be attended on ye last 
Monday of September next, which will be ye 27th day of ye month. — Joseph 
Peck, Town Clerk." 



66 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

"December 19, 1733, voted by ye inhabitants yt there shall be a rate of 
four pence farthing half farthing levied on ye list of aforesaid inhabitants 
to pay ye ministers their salary (viz.) to ye Rev. Mr. Kent his salary, and 
those of ye Episcopal persuasion to ye Rev. Mr. Beach his salary on w^hat 
is levied upon their list." 

"December 24, 1733: Voted, that there shall be a rate levied upon ye 
Presbyterian party, so-called, to defray ye extraordinary charges of ye 
council and Rev. Mr. Kent's ordination, to be under stood thus, that ye 
Presbyterians shall pay three pence on ye pound upon their list, and ye 
church of England, so distinguished, shall pay tw^o pence halfpenny upon 
ye pound levied upon their list." 

"December 24, 1734: Whereas, ye worshipful Mr. Thomas Toucey and ye 
Rev. Mr Elisha Kent have petitioned for liberty t*o build upon their owrn 
charge each of them a pew in ye meeting house in Newtown for ye use of 
themselves and families as they shall have occasion ye one on ye one side of 
ye great or south door, and ye other on ye other side thereof, at ye above 
sd meeting, voted in ye affirmative that their petition be granted and is 
hereby granted. — Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

"December 19, 1737: Agreed and voted that ye Rev Mr Kent shall have 
one hundred and eighty pounds for his salary for ye year past in ye work 
of ye ministry." 

"December 11, 1738: Agreed and voted that a rate or tax shall be levied 
upon ye list of ye rateable estates of ye Presbyterian society, that shall 
amount to ye sum of two hundred pounds, to pay ye Reverend Mr. Kent 
his salary for ye year 1738." 

Rev Mr Kent gave time among the Indians still living in the town during 
his ministry, for in 1742 the Colonial Court of Connecticut voted 13 pounds 
lawful money to be delivered out of the treasury of the Colony to Rev. 
Elisha Kent, who shall improve it for the instruction and Christianizing of 
the Indians at a place called Pohtatuck. 

December ye 2d, 1742: "Voted that two of ye Reverend Council shall be 
called into our assistance. Voted and aggreed they being brought in, that 
ye committee chosen and appointed by ye Society in Newtown shall be 
empowered and are hereby empowered to lay all such reasons as they shall 
think proper why Rev Mr Kent should be removed from ye ministry in 
this place, before ye Venerable Consociation now sitting in Newtown as a 
Judicial Council for their judgment and determination and to manage sd 
act in that affair in behalf of this society according to their best prudence 
and judgment and discretion. The above mentioned vote clearly passed. 
Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

"At ye desire of ye subscribers hereof these are to give notice to ye Pres- 
byterian society in Newtown in ye County of Fairfield to meet at ye North 
School house in Newtown on Monday, ye 20th instant at nine of ye clock in 
ye morning for ye following reasons. That is to say to know ye minds of 
ye society relating to ye Reverend Mr Kent and also to make a rate for 
ye defraying of charges that hath or may necessarily occur or for any 
other business that may be thought proper. 

Job Sherman, Obadiah Wheeler, Heth Peck, John Shepherd, Joseph Peck, 
Dated December 6, 1742. Per me, Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

"The above said meeting opened and convened on ye 20th of December, 
1742, Deacon Job Sherman chosen moderator and Caleb Baldwin clerk, and 
it was fairly tryed by poles whether sd society would further proceed to 
have ye Council proceed in ye case in which they have been heretofore en- 
gaged in referring to ye differences between ye Reverend Mr. Kent and ye 
above society and it is voted in ye affirmative. Voted also that ye above 
Council shall convene on ye first Tuesday of January next ensuing. Voted 
also that ye Rev. Mr Kent should sign a note to ye moderator of sd meet- 
ing if he is pleased with the committee appointed. Meeting adjourned to 
first Wednesday of January at one of clock, afternoon, at ye same hour. 
Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

The adjourned meeting convened on ye fifth day of January, 1743 and 
"Voted yt whereas ye Reverend Council sat in Newtown on ye third day of 
December, 1742, their final determination was considering ye circumstances 
of this church and society ye Council concluded it not proper to determine 



MINISTRY OF REV. ELISHA KENT 67 

suddenly yt ye union between ye Reverend Mr Kent and this people should 
be disturbed, or to say he shall still continue their minister, without ye 
concurring advice of ye neighboring consociation which said council de- 
clared they were willing to attend when called upon. Wherefore, we of 
Ecclestiastical society, in Newtown, do by this vote desire the speedy 
attendance of sd Council to determine ye diflference between ye Reverend 
Mr. Kent and ye people whose affections are very much alienated from him 
as hath already or shall be made to appear before sd council when con- 
vened and yt ye Reverend Moderator would be pleased to signify to this 
society or any one of their committee when he shall think proper, for ye 
calling sd Council, and this society desires ye moderator be as expeditious 
as in His wisdom shall think fit. The above mentioned vote clearly 
passed. — Test, Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

January 14, 1743: Unaminously voted yt ye moderator of this District 
be forthwith sent to, to call in ye Council of this district to gather with ye 
neighboring consociations in this County to appear in Newtown on ye 
fourth Tuesday of February next at one of ye clock in ye afternoon at ye 
meeting house in Newtown, then and there to hear and determine ye 
matters of difference between ye Reverend Mr. Kent and ye Society under 
his present care and finally to determine ye same according to ye rules 
of justice and equity. — Caleb Baldwin, Clerk. 

"At ye desire of ye subscribers hereof they are to give notice and warn 
ye Ecclesiastical Society in Newtown, in ye County of Fairfield, to meet 
at ye North schoolhouse in Newtown on Thursday, ye tenth day of Jan- 
uary, 1745, at two of ye clock, afternoon, for ye following reasons: To 
consult in and to agree upon some proper measures whereby we may be 
able to answer ye Reverend Mr. Kent, our former minister, in his further 
demands upon sd Society for his service in times past, among us. 

Job Sherman, Nathan Baldwin, Joseph Smith, Abraham Bennitt, John 
Botsford, members of committee. 

Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

January 10, 1745: "Voted at meeting of ye Society yt we will give ye 
Reverend Mr Kent for his two last months services in ye ministry in sd 
society after ye rate of one hundred and ten pounds per year, old tenure 
money or provisions according to former agreement with ye lawful inter- 
est for ye year which is to be levied on ye list of rateable estates in ye 
year 1744. Voted : Deacon Job Sherman, Lieut John Northrop, Captain 
Ephraim Peck and Capt. Wheeler shall be a committee to make ye above 
rate and to discors and agree with ye Rev. Mr. Kent as there shall be 
further occasion. — Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

"A vote passed by ye proprietors of the Common and undivided land in 
Newtown in ye County of Fairfield at their meeting legally warned and 
held by adjournment on ye 19th day of March, A. D. 1744. 

Forasmuch as divers persons of ye Presbyterian persuasion did formerly 
sign or subscribe to give to ye Rev. Mr John Beach divers peaces of land 
out of ye thirty acre division and other divisions them to themselves grant- 
ed to be laid out in ye bounds of sd Newtown as appears on Record, on 
consideration of said Mr Beach settling in ye work of ye ministry in sd 
town and sd lands so signed to be given was laid out to Mr. Beach and 
afterward sd Mr. Beach declare himself to be of ye church of England 
pursuasion in matter of Religion and thereupon did resign up to ye town 
of Newtown all his right, title and interest in the lands to him laid out as 
aforesaid and thereupon sd town did by its committee excute a deed in due 
form of law dated August ye first 1732 of one hundred and four acres and 
half of land to Mr. Elisha Kent in consideration of his settling in ye work 
of ye ministry according to ye Presbyterian persuasion and sd signers not 
having conveyed ye sec. of sd lands by any legal deed or deeds did after- 
wards lay out their full right in sd division to themselves and to their 
heirs, and therefore sd lands laid out to Mr Beach as aforesaid and suppos- 
ed to be conveyed to Mr Kent by sd deed and then by right belong to ye 
proprietors of ye common and undivided land in sd Newtown, several of 
which sd proprietors was and did then profess themselves to be of ye 
church of England persuasion and not willing to contribute towards a 
settlement of a Presbyterian minister and whereas part of sd lands was 



68 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

laid out nearer than ye limits of ye 30 acre division therefore to secure to 
sd churchmen ye proportionable right in ye common and undivided lands 
for ye use of a church of England ministry equal both in quantity and 
quality to those of ye Presbyterian persuasion whose rights are devoted to 
Mr Kent, his heirs and assigns forever. 

It is voted and agreed in sd meeting that those proprietors of said com- 
mon and undivided land that were and did profes themselves to be of ye 
church of England persuasion have two acres and forty three rods of land, 
and so in proportion for half rights, etc., three eighth parts to be laid out 
within one mile from ye meeting house, ye remainder to be laid in ye limits 
assigned for ye thirty acre division to be laid out for a parsonage for a 
church of England clergy for ye use of ye Rev. Mr John Beach and his 
lawful successors forever. 

Always provided that nothing in this vote shall be conserved to brake 
ye sequesterment. 

Recorded ye day and date above per me. Job Sherman, Clerk. 
Voted in ye afifirmative." 

"Copy of a writ put into the hands of the collector of the minister's rate 
for the Town of Newtown in the County of Fairfield for the year 1747." 

"Whereas by the Selectmen of the town of Newtown aforesd a certain 
rate or tax leavied according to law upon the inhabitants of the town of 
Newtown for defraying the publick charges of the ministry for the year 
1747 which hath been for collection committed unto you. In his Majesties 
name you are hereby required of the several persons named in the sd Rate 
to Collect the Respective sum or sums to their names annexed in sd rate 
and upon any or all such person or persons refusing or neglecting to 
make payment of the respective sum or sums at which they are in sd rate 
asesed you are to leavie by Distress of the Goods or Chatels of sd persons 
if to be found by you for ye answering ye respective sum or sums as above 
with your own fees and two shillings more for the writ, and the same 
dispose of as the law directs for the satisfying the above said sum or sums 
and fees and ye overplus, if any, be returned to ye proper owners thereof, 
and for want of such goods or chattels by you to be found, you are to take 
the body of him, them any or all of them so refusing or neglecting as a- 
bove, and him, them any or all of them to receive and safely keep until he 
or they shall have satisfied the above sd sum or sums his, the sd Gaoler's 
fees, all charges and be by due order of law discharged hereof fail not and 
make Due return of this writ with your doing thereon as the law directs. 

Dated in Newtown, this sixth day of April, A. D. 1748. 

Job Sherman, Justice of ye peace." 

December 27, 1757, whether this society will do anything as a society in 
order to reward ye Rev. Mr. Kent for his past services in sd society. 

Voted in ye affirmative. 

Voted in sd meeting whether the society will give ye Reverend Mr Kent 
fifteen pounds money, New York currency for his past services in ye 
society. 

Voted in ye affirmative 

Mr. Obadiah Wheeler chosen to gather ye 15 pounds and pay it in to 
some certain place as Mr. Kent shall appoint, which is Abiel Botsford's 
house. 

Voted that Abiel Botsford shall deliver ye same IS pounds when collected 
to ye Reverend Mr. Kent and take of him a final discharge from ye society. 

Caleb Baldwin, Clerk. 

Mr Kent was 25 years of age when he took up ministerial work 
in Newtown. No record can be found as to his family, but he must 
have had one for the town gave him liberty to build upon his own 
charge a pew in the meeting house for "ye use of himself and fam- 
ily as they shall have occasion for themselves on one side of ye 
great south door." There was some delay in the final settlement 
between the society and the minister, but at last all was amicably- 
adjusted, as the following receipt will show. 

February 22, A. D., 1763, there received of Mr. Obediah Wheeler, collector 



MINISTRY OF REV. ELISHA KENT 69 

ye full of ye 15 pounds rate granted by ye society in Newtown in ye year 
1757 which I very freely acknowledge is ye full of my demands upon sd 
society on ye account of my ministerial labors amongst them, and assure 
this people I retain a gratified remembrance of ye many favors received 
from them as witness by hand, — Elisha Kent. 

Mrs Emily H. Denslow of Marbledale, Conn., a descendant of 
the Rev. Elisha Kent, writes of the Kent family: 

"The first of the Kent name in this country was Thomas Kent, who, with 
his wife cme from England to Gloucester, Mass., prior to 1643, and was 
one of Gloucester's original proprietors. He died April 1, 1658. His widow 
died at Gloucester, Mass., Oct. 16, 1671. Their children, Thomas, Samuel 
and Josiah, were probably born in England. Samuel was married Jan. 17, 
1654, to Frances Woodal. They had nine children, of whom the youngest 
son Elisha, was born in Suffield, Conn., July 9, 1704. He was graduated at 
Yale college in 1729 and was married, April 3, 1732, to Abigail Moss, daughter 
of Rev. Joseph Moss, of Derby, Conn., granddaughter of Rev. M. Russell, 
a graduate of Yale, 1702. He left his charge in Newtown, conscientiously 
opposed to the existing religion there, and in 1743 was installed first pastor 
of Fairfield East Association, Dutchess Co., N. Y. Southeast Carmel, 
East and West Phillippi were under his charge, but in 1750 he confined his 
labors to East Phillippi, where he had in 1743 purchased a farm of 500 acres. 
He became one of the most influential men of his section. His wife died 
in 1751 and his own death occurred at Phillippi, N. Y., July 17, 1776. They 
are buried in the old Southeast cemetery. His children had settled near 
by, the daughters and their families within a few miles of East Phillippi 
parsonage. The sons-in-law were royalists, and the fortunes of war 
scattered the family, whose members became prominent in civil, religious 
and scientific circles. The children of Elisha and Abigail Kent : Moss 
Kent, born March 25, 1733. Elisha Kent, born July 6, 1736. Abigail Kent, 
born July 6, 1736. Sybil Kent, born July 9, 1738. Lucy Kent, no date. Mary 
Kent, born Dec. 10, 1744. 

The oldest son. Moss Kent, married Hannah Rogers and was father of 
James Kent, Chancellor of New York. Abiel Botsford married the oldest 
daughter, Abigail Kent, and they have several descendants in this vicinity, 
among whom are Mrs James A. Sperry and Dr. M. H. Denslow. Mrs. M. H. 
Denslow (nee Kent) is descendant from Rev. Elisha Kent through his sec- 
ond son, Elisha. The Arctic explorer, Elisha Kent Kane, was also descend- 
ant of Rev. Elisha Kent of Newtown. 

The Calling and Settlement of the Rev. David Judson as Minister 
of the "Presbyterian Foundation." 1743—1776. 

With the going of Rev. Elisha Kent and the incoming of Rev. 
David Judson, there came a change in the business methods of the 
calling and settlement of a minister. Whether the change came by 
mutual consent of the taxpayers or by an enactment of the General 
Court of the Colony, the writer does not know, but we find no 
further allusion in the town records to the hiring of ministers after 
the discharge of Rev. Elisha Kent, although the meeting did fix a 
tax for the minister's rate, as far along as 1752. For information 
as to calling and settling Rev. Mr Judson, it is fortunate that the 
first book of records of the First Ecclesiastical Society takes up 
the history where the town records leave off, and from that we 
gather the business relations between the society and minister 
during the 33 years of his ministry. 

Upon the retirement of Rev. Elisha Kent in 1743, the society 
was again in dire straits for a minister. On March 8, 1743, the 
society convened at the North schoolhouse in Newtown at 2 of the 
clock in the afternoon by order of Job Sherman, John Northrop, Moses 
Stillson, Joseph Bristol and Nathaniel Brisco, members of the society: 



70 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

"So to make choice of a committee in our desolate state to take all proper 
measures in order for procuring some suitable person upon probation to 
supply ye pulpit in this place for a season. In order for ye settlement, if 
to ye good choice of sd society, sd committee so to proceed from time to 
time as there shall be occasion until sd society shall be satisfactorily sup- 
plied even to settlement. Also to take all proper measures at sd meeting 
for ye levying and gathering such sum or sums of money or other species 
as shall be thought needful for ye defraying or answering ye past or com- 
ing charges of ye society and any other affairs yt shall be thought need- 
ful to ye real advantage of sd society as though they were herein par- 
ticularized. Caleb Baldwin Society's clerk." 

At the above sd meeting it was "voted that Lieutenant John Northrop, 
Seargent Joseph Botsford, Capt. Obadiah Wheeler and Heth Peck shall be 
a committee to proceed in calling in some suitable person on probation 
for settlement in ye ministry and so to proceed from time to time if there 
be occasion until there is a settled minister in sd society." May 3, 1743: 
"Upon ye desire of ye persons hereafter subscribing that there is to be a 
meeting of ye Presbyterian society in Newtown on ye ninth day of May at 
four of ye clock, afternoon, at the north schoolhouse, then and there to 
take some proper measure with ye worthy Mr. David Judson, for his con- 
tinuance among us in ye Gospel ministry, in order for settlement and such 
other business as may be thought proper at sd meeting to be done." — John 
Botsford, Johnathan Booth, Nathan Baldwin, Job Sherman, Free Grace 
Adams, members of Society. 

May 9, 1743, it was voted, "whether so far as they had made trial of ye 
Worthy Mr. David Judson in his work as by ye committee he was invited to 
this place in order to probation for ye Gospel ministry here he was to their 
good satisfaction voted very fully in ye affirmative." — Caleb Baldwin clerk. 

"Voted at ye above meeting whether this society will call ye Worthy Mr 
David Judson to ye Gospel ministry in this place, and it was voted fully in 
ye affirmative. Also voted whether this society will give ye Mr. David 
Judson four hundred pounds settlement old tenure to be paid three years 
from this date and it was voted fully in ye affirmative." Voted at a meet- 
ing held on the 23rd day of May, 1743, "to give to ye worthy Mr. David 
Judson if he shall see cause to settle in ye Gospel ministry as above — the 
sum of three hundred pounds old tenure towards or for his ye sd Mr. 
Judson's settlement in manner and form as followeth : One hundred 
pounds at or before ye first day of December next, and one hundred 
pounds per year to be paid annually by ye first day of December annually, 
until ye three hundred pounds above sd be paid. All ye above unanimously 
voted. There is also promised by signature to ye worthy Mr. David Judson 
if he shall settle in ye ministry in this society one hundred pounds old 
tenure to be paid at or before ye 23rd day of December, A. D. 1743." 

At a society's meeting held by adjournment at ye Presbyterian meeting 
house, August 15, 1743, it was voted "that whereas ye vote by this society 
of fifty pounds lawful money per annum for Mr David Judson, his support 
upon his settlement in ye ministry in sd society is considered dissatisfac- 
tory to many and fearing it mayn't be for ye health of sd society, and, 
understanding from ye committee of sd society upon conference with ye sd 
Mr. Judson that ye sd Mr. Judson for ye peace of sd society was willing to 
forgo sd vote provided his support might by sd society be voted in manner 
and form as hereunto immediately annexed: Voted, that upon ye worthy 
Mr Judson's settlement in ye Gospel ministry in this Presbyterian society 
upon ye Presbyterian foundation and so long as he shall faithfully continue 
their minister upon sd foundation yt for his annual support they will give him 
year by year ye sum of fifty pounds lawful money or two hundred pounds 
according to bills of credit of ye old tenure of Connecticut, ye which is 
now equivalent to what it now is if there shall be any falling of ye cur- 
rency of ye above mentioned two hundred pounds of bills of credit ac- 
cording to old tenure in Connecticut the above sum to be answered in bills 
of credit of New England, or provisions as they shall currently pass at ye 
market price in Newtown. — Caleb Baldwin Clerk." 

"I, David Judson, referred to in ye above sd vote declare in case of my 
settlement in ye Gospel ministry in Newtown, I will never take ye advan- 



THE REV. DAVID JUDSON 71 

tage of ye vote of ye society in fifty pounds per annum lawful money pro- 
posed May ye 23, 1743, for my support, there being later provision made 
by sd society and it is my desire yt this with ye former go upon ye public 
record of sd society, as witness my hand in Newtown above sd, in this 
15th day of August, A. D. 1743. — David Judson." 

"Voted at this same meeting that ye standing committee so-called for 
this society for ye calling in a probationer for ye Gospel ministry and pro- 
ceeding from time to time in ye affair till there shall be a minister settled 
here to be seen as of record, that they are hereby authorized in ye behalf 
of this society in conjunction with ye committee of ye Presbyterian church 
in this place to send forth letters of request to ye neighboring churches 
to cause their help that their reverend pastors with a messenger from each 
church would be pleased on ye third Wednesday of September next with 
ye leave of Providence attend ye solemn affair of ye ordination of ye 
Worthy Mr. David Judson to ye pastoral office in and over this society 
and church yt sd committee in behalf of sd society are authorized to take 
care yt ye sd gentlemen of yt affair are provided for, and that a day of 
fasting and prayer be solemnly attended by this society on ye first Wed- 
nesday of September next, to implore ye Divine blessing in that great 
affair and yt ye help of }^e Rev. Mr Graham and Mr Judd be sought on yt 
occasion." — Caleb Baldwin, Clerk. 

From the first book of records of the First Ecclesiastical Society 
of Newtown Jan. 30, 1746, we find the first allusion to the first 
repairs on the meeting house as follows : At a legal meeting of ye Pres- 
byterian Society in Newtown, held on ye 30th day of January, 1746, 
Thomas Toucey, Esq., moderator of sd meeting, Caleb Baldwin, Clerk. 
Voted at above sd meeting that ye several sums above subscribed or that 
shall be subscribed to a certain instrument dated Newtown, December 30, 
1745, already ammounting to two hundred and thirty pounds old tenure for 
repairing and completing ye Presbyterian meeting house which shall be 
laid out in new shingling sd meeting house, in putting in new window 
frames and windows of sash glass, in well siding sd house, in well securing 
and rectifying ye underpinning, in rectifying ye gable ends, and in putting 
on good floor boards, and if sd subscription shall be more than sufficient 
for doing all ye above sd outside work with glass and nails, that what 
remains shall be laid out upon ye inside house. All to be under ye direc- 
tion of sd committee yt shall be chosen for sd business, always to be 
understood yt ye committee shall as far as is consistant with ye prudent 
and advantageous management of above sd affairs improve several sub- 
scriptions in said business as they ye committee shall think best and ye 
above sd committee is to cause to be done to ye outside of ye sd house 
what further they shall see to be needful to make it fationable. Voted: 
That Heth Peck, Donald Grant, Deacon Bennitt, Abel Booth, Alexander 
Bryan, and Caleb Baldwin are appointed committee to take ye oversight 
of, and carry on ye work according to ye above described vote. Voted: 
That ye above sd committee shall have ye care of all ye old shingles and 
clapboards and lead window frames and all ye other furniture of sd house 
and dispose of it all to ye best advantage of sd society. — Caleb Baldwin, 
Society's Clerk. 

"At ye desire of ye subscribers hereof these are to notify and warn ye 
Presbyterian Society of Newtown, in ye County of Fairfield, to meet at 
ye north school house in sd Newtown on Thursday ye 13th day of March, 
at three of ye clock afternoon, for ye following reasons: That we may 
know ye minds of sd society respecting our erecting or building a conven- 
ient belfry on ye public meeting house of sd society in order for a bell when 
sd society is able to purchase one. Ye subscribers are Job Sherman, 
Nathan Baldwin, Abraham Bennett, Donald Grant, John Botsford, members 
of society. — Caleb Baldwin Clerk, March 7, 1746. Voted at sd meeting: Yt 
there shall be a convenient belfry built upon ye meeting house of sd 
society. We ye subscribers being members of j^e Presbyterian society in 
Newtown, being sensible of ye neglect of ye house of God in this society 
for want of being furthur finished as to seats in ye galleries and all other 
work necessary to be done in sd house for necessary convenience at public 
meetings, notice is hereby given to ye society to meet at ye North school 



72 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

house on Monday, ye 24th day of April, at three of ye clock, afternoon, for 
reasons above mentioned. Dated April 17, A. D. 1749. Thomas Toucey, 
Ephraim Peck, Nathan Baldwin, Joseph Botsford, Nathaniel Peck, mem- 
bers of Society." 

"Voted at above meeting: That a rate of 12 pence on ye pound old 
tenure on ye list of rateable estates of ye Presbyterians which is to be 
improved for ye further finishing of ye meeting house as to ye galleries 
and plastering overhead or any other work in sd house that shall be 
thought needful. — Caleb Baldwin, Clerk." 

At a meeting Jan. 6, 1762, it was "Voted that there shall be a steeple 
built on ye east end of ye meeting house if there shall be money enough 
signed to build the same, and that Captain Amos Botsford, Lieutenant 
Nathaniel Brisco, Mr Gideon Botsford, Mr Ebenezer Ford, and Mr Caleb 
Baldwin shall be the committee to receive the money so signed and to lay 
out ye same in building sd steeple to ye best of their judgment." 

"At a legal meeting of ye Presbyterian society in Newtown, Fairfield 
County Conn., holden on ye 6th day of September, A. D., 1762, Richard 
Fairman chosen moderator, proposed at sd meeting by Captain Amos 
Botsford and Mr. Nathaniel Brisco, that they will on their own cost and 
charge procure a good bell of 500 pounds weight, fit for to hang in ye 
steeple of aforesaid society and that it shall be for ye use of sd society so 
long as there shall be a Presbyterian society to meet in ye above sd meet- 
ing house, that is to say, if ye above sd society will go on to complete ye 
sd steeple, fix ye outside of ye meeting house, culler it and culler ye pulpit 
proposed for to vote whether ye sd society will concur with ye sd 
Botsford and Brisco in their proposals will go on to finish sd steeple and 
house according to sd proposals. Voted in ye affirmative. It was voted 
that there should be a rate laid out in finishing ye steeple and cullering ye 
meeting house and pulpit." 

"At a meeting held in January, 1763, Captain Botsford and Nathaniel 
Brisco made open declaration that they freely and frankly gave ye bell 
which they had procured for ye use of ye society so long as there should 
be a Presbyterian society to meet in sd house, and ye society gave them 
hearty thanks." 

For some reason not given in the record, the first bell did not 
meet expectations, and at a society meeting, May 28, 1767, it was 
"Voted whether they would do anything in order to get a new bell, and 
it was voted in ye affirmative and sometime in ye month of June was made 
out by way of signation ye sum of twenty-seven pounds, four shillings and 
seven pence, lawful money or provisions, and ye same being gathered on 
or about ye first day of July, ye committee for ye bell took ye old bell and 
conveyed it down to Fairfield, got it recast and brought up ye new bell 
and delivered it up and it was hung on ye third day of July, A. D. 1767. 
Alvvays to be understood that ye inhabitants of ye Church of England 
society in Newtown signed of ye abovesaid moneys and provisions ye sum 
of five pounds twelve shillings and nine pence." 

"Voted, yt Gideon Peck shall sweep ye meeting house twelve times in 
ensuing year and shall have twelve shillings for his services. Voted, yt 
time of intermission between meetings on ye Sabbath Day shall be one 
hour and one quarter from ye time of this meeting to ye first of next 
March. — Caleb Baldwin, Society Clerk." 

In 1773, the agitation over w^hat was known as the Saybrook 
platform came up, which neither Mr. Judson nor his congregation 
favored. A meeting of the church was held October 6, 1773, when 
it was proposed whether it be the minds of this church to stand in 
the consociated connection according to the Saybrook platform, 
and it was voted in the negative. It was then put to vote "whether this society 
will choose a committee to send for a council of the churches or not," and 
it was voted in the negative. January 12, 1774, a meeting of the ecclesias- 
tical society was called, when it was put to vote "whether this society 
will agree to what the first church in Newtown does respecting their 
renouncing their connection with Consociated churches or not and it was 
voted in the affirmative." 



THE REV. DAVID JUDSON 73 

In January, 1775, it was voted to raise Rev. Mr. Judson's salary for the 
year by subscription, provided £50 could be subscribed, which was done. 
The subscribers : 

John Botsford, £2; Richard Fairman, £2; Amos Botsford, £2; Abel Bots- 
ford, £1 10s; Abraham Bennett, £1 10s; Josiah Beardsle, £2; John Sherwood, 
£1 10s; Caleb Baldwin, £1 10s; Jonathan Northrop, £1 5s; Benjamin Curtis, 
18s; Joseph Botsford, 15s; Moses Piatt, 10s; Ichabod Fairman, £1; Abel 
Baldwin, £2; Nathan Burritt, £1; Joseph Wheeler, £1 10s; Joel Bassett, 10s; 
Asa Cogshall, 12s; Nathaniel Northrop, 10s; Joseph Peck Jr., 10s; Nathan 
Sherman, 15s; Jonathan Baisley, 10s; Ezra Peck, 8s; Abraham Bennett Jr., 
18s; Henry Fairman, 158; Gideon Botsford, £1 10s; Gideon Botsford Jr., 13s; 
Silas Fairchild, 10s; Andrew Wheeler, 6s; James Fairchild, £1; Timothy 
Shepherd, £1 10s; Abel Botsford Jr., £1 5s; J.ared Botsford, £1; Jerusha 
Baldwin, 6s; John Sterling, £1 15s; Widow Anna Baldwin, 15s; Joseph 
Piatt, 12s; John Chandler, £1; Amos Terrill, £1 2s 6d ; Abraham Botsford, 
12s; Jabez Botsford, 18s; Moses Piatt, Jr., 1£; Abraham Shepherd, Is; John 
Bassett, 6s; Moses Botsford, 15s; Jonathan Booth's wife, 6s; Thomas Ben- 
nitt, 10s; Deacon Northrop, 6s; Ebenezer Beers, 5s; Henry Wood, 6s; 
Samuel Beardsley Jr., 5s; Roger Terrill, 15s; Mathew Curtis, 15s; Moses 
Gillett, 6s; John Gillett, 6s. 

Voted that the above subscription be paid by the first of next April, 1776. 

Richard Fairman, Clerk of society. 

When Rev. David Judson was called to become minister in 
Newtown on the Presbyterian foimdation, it was at a salary of 
three hundred pounds, old tenure, which at that time would be 
equal to about 50 pounds, English money. Bills of credit were in 
a fluctuating condition. Not later than December, 1753, it was 
voted in the Presbyterian society's meeting that for that year 
Mr Judson's salary should be six hundred pounds, old tenure, or in 
provisions at the market price as they currently pass in Newtown. 
They became tired of a flunctuating salary and in 1755 a vote was passed 
that the society would pay ye Rev. Mr Judson for his services ye year 
past, ye full sum of fifty pounds lawful money and that if any of sd society 
shall pay him in grain it shall be at ye several prices hereafter named: 
Wheat at three shillings six-pence per bushel; rye at two shillings four- 
pence per bushel; Indian corn at one shilling nine-pence per bushel; flax 
at five-pence per pound; and if any shall work it shall be at one shilling 
nine-pence per day. 

Later the salary was raised to sixty pounds, then again to seventy 
pounds, and at the time of Mr Judson's death in 1776 it was fifty 
pounds. When Rev. Mr Judson became minister, the rateable 
assessment of the Presbyterians was 7693 pounds and six pence. 

During the whole of Rev. Mr Judson's ministry of 33 years, he 
kept a continuous record of his ministrations, which is still intact 
and carefully preserved by the Newtown Congregational church. 
There were 30 families in Newtown in 1716. In 1738, there were 
60 families, and, by a census taken in 1752, the town's population 
was found to be 1230 and in 1770 the number of families had in- 
creased to 350. Mr Judson says that about one-half of them were 
of the Church of England, and that his own congregation numbered 
150 families and over 200 church members. From his manuscript 
record of ofificial acts, we find that he solemnized 226 marriages, 
ofificiated at 887 baptisms, of which only eight persons were adults, 
13 were children of slaves and only one Indian; 378 deaths where 
his ministrations were given. 

Mr Judson was married by Rev. Mr Gould of Stratford, Conn., 
October 20, 1743, to Mary Judson, daughter of Joshua Judson, also 



74 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

of Stratford, and took his bride to Newtown when he entered upon 
his work. Their children were Mary, born July 4, 1744 ; Phoebe, born 
August 16, 1746; David, born May 17, 1748; Hannah, born June 10, 
1750; Mary, the second, born June 7, 1752; David, the second, born 
August 25, 1757; Betty, born February 22, 1762. His death came 
Sept. 24, 1776, from dysentery, contracted while visiting soldiers 
in camp less than four months after the signing of the Declaration 
of Independence. A red sandstone slab marks his grave on the 
west side of the old part of the Newtown cemetery, alongside the 
graves of the two children, David and Mary, who died in early 
childhood. 

The Church of England as a corporate body was acknowledged 
by the General Court, sitting in Hartford, in May, 1752, which then 
gave the Church of England parish privileges. Until then the 
people of the town were obliged to pay taxes to support the Pres- 
byterian minister. From that time on. for many years, the Presby- 
terian part of the people were taxed for support of their ow^n 
minister and the Church of England people were taxed to aid in the 
support of the missionary placed in charge over Newtown and 
Redding Church of England people, then under the supervisions of 
the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
with its headquarters in England and Rev. John Beach minister 
in charge. 

During the Rev. Mr Judson's ministry, the records show that the 
best of relations existed between the Church of England people and 
the Presbyterians. 

MIDWAY CHAPTER IN THE HISTORY OF THE FIRST 
ECCLESIASTICAL SOCIETY OF NEWTOWN, CONN. 

The First Ecclesiastical Society of Newtown has made extensive 
improvements in the interior of their house of worship, enlarging 
their conference room, adding to their conveniences for social en- 
joyment, installing an up-to-date plant with modern fixtures, and 
other improvements that follow lines conforming to the demands 
of the times in which we live. Three score years ago, the perplex- 
ing question with the little band of the faithful few was whether 
to disband their organization, struggle along as they were, or take 
up a site and start anew in Sandy Hook. A study of our town and 
the society records show that the growth in numbers increased 
continuously until after the death of Rev. David Judson in 1776. 
Mr Judson left on record that in 1770 Newtown numbered 350 
families. His own congregation numbered 150 families and over 
200 church members. For ten years after his death they were 
without a settled pastor and they were as sheep without a shepherd. 
The society no longer kept up its numbers. From 1786 to 1798, 
Rev. Zephaniah Smith was minister on a salary of 75 pounds lawful 
money and 30 loads of wood. 

Rev Jehu Clark was Rev. Z. Smith's successor from 1799 to 1816, 
resigning in August of that year. When he was installed pastor, in 
so dilapidated a condition was the meeting house that the installa- 
tion services were by invitation held in the Episcopal Church. 



FIRST ECCLESIASTICAL SOCIETY 75 

What stronger evidence is needed to show the friendly feeling 
between the two Christian bodies. 

He was settled at a salary of $400 a year and, when he left, the 
society was in debt to him $1,232.78. A tax of six cents on the 
dollar was laid on the grand list of 1815 to make up arrearages, but 
the sum fell short and a subscription was circulated to raise a 
balance of $240. From an old manuscript in my possession the 
names of subscribers are copied, which probably represent the 
families interested in the Presbyterian society at that time : 

William Edmond, $10.00; Moss R. Botsford, $8.00; Samuel C. Blackman, 
$6.00; Timothy Shepherd, $6.25; Daniel Botsford, $3.00; Abel Botsford and 
son, $8.00; Gould St. John, $400; William H. Fairchild, $8.00; James Sears, 
$2.00; Arnold Fott. $2.00; Lamson Burch, $5.00; Caleb Bennitt, $4.00; 
Michael Parks, $2.50; Charles Burroughs, $4.00; John Clark, $7.00; John 
Skidmore, $1.00; Rebecca Glover, $3.00; Abiel Booth, $8.00; Thomas 
Botsford, $2.00; Philo Botsford, $3.00; Philo Beardslee, $3.50; David Sterling, 
$10.00; Amos B. Fairman, $7.50; Abraham Bennitt, $3.00; Luther Harris, 
$3.00; Joseph and Joseph B. Wheeler, $8.00; Miles Johnson, $3.00; Daniel 
Colburn, $1.00; David Peck, $5.50; Israel C. Botsford, $6.00; James Terrill, 
$3.50; Daniel Peck, $2.00; Benjamin Fairman, $2.00; Jacob Johnson, $1.50; 
Abraham Botsford, $1.50; Mehitabel Botsford. $2.00; Molly Curtis, $2.00; 
James Thomas, $1.00; Silas Fairchild, $6.00; Samuel Beardslee, $6.00; James 
Fairchild, $3.25; John Johnson, $2.00; Asabel Booth Jr., $3.00; Samuel 
Northrop, $2.00; Philo Johnson, $1.00; Abel Botsford, $0.50; Clement 
Fairchild, $2.00;Job S. Terrill, $1.00; Moses Shepherd, $3.00; Jabez Fairman, 
$2.00;Reuben Terrill, $3.00; Amos Terrill, $2.00; Philo Fairchild, $6.00; 
John Rogers, $3.00: John Blackman, Jr., $3.50; Roger Terrill, $2.00; Moses 
Beardslee, $5.00; Billy Hall, $2.00; Ziba Blakeslee, $2.00; Philo Baldwin, $1.00; 
Riverius Prindle, $0.50: Abel Johnson, $2.00; Obadiah Wheeler, $1.00; 
Adoniram Fairchild, $1.00; Ezra H. Johnson, payable in tailor work, $4.50; 
Truman Fairchild, $1.00; Zalmon Beers, $1.00; Joseph Fairchild, $2.00; 
Elijah Jennings, $1.50. 

From 1816 to 1825, the people were without a settled minister. 
Those were times when candidating was in vogue and services 
were irregularly held. What were called "deacon's meetings" 
were occasionally held, when the good deacons would take the de- 
votional part and some lay reader would read an acceptable sermon. 
January 14, 1825, Rev. William Mitchell was installed pastor, and 
continued in that relation until his resignation was accepted. May 
31, 1831. He died of yellow fever in Corpus Christi, Texas, Aug 1, 
1865. The two maple trees still standing at the rear of the Congre- 
gational Church were placed there by his own hands. "Woodman, 
spare those trees !" 

December 5. 1833, Rev. N. M. Urmston was installed pastor and 
remained until 1838 when the Consociation of Fairfield East met 
in Bethel and by request of all parties concerned the relation was 
dissolved and the following resolution adopted by the Consociation : 
"To the church and society again destitute of a pastor we would extend 
our sympathies and hope they will not be discouraged, though feeble, but 
make every proper effort to sustain the interest of religion among them 
and as soon as practicable seek another pastor, relying as in times past, 
upon such aid as is extended to feeble branches of our Zion. Bethel, April 
17, 1838. 

From 1839 to 1842, Rev. Alexander Leadbetter was in charge and 
so difficult was it to pay his salary, the church at that time having a 
membership of onl}' 45, that a special subscription paper was circu- 
lated outside of the society, to which members of the other Chris- 



le NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

tian bodies, as well as non-communicants, contributed. At this time 
there were four houses of worship in the village : The house of the 
ecclesiastical society, then called the Presbyterian meeting house, 
the Episcopal church standing its width north of the present Trin- 
ity, the Universalist meeting house, now the town hall, and the 
Methodist, that stood on the open lot just north of Mrs Marcus 
Hawley's residence, the building later used as a blacksmith and 
wagon shop near the Newtown railroad station. 

In order to show the kindly feeling on the part of the towns- 
people, other than those who were members of the society, I include 
a copy of a subscription paper that shows the contributions raised 
to keep the society from becoming defunct. The original subscrip- 
tion came into my possession more than 50 years ago, and reads : 
"We, the subscribers, do hereby promise to pay Elizur W. Keeler, treasurer 
of the First Ecclesiastical Society of Newtown or his successor in office, 
the sums annexed to our names respectively, for the purpose of employing 
Rev. Alexander Leadbetter to officiate as pastor of the first Congregational 
church and society of Newtown for one year from the 1st day of May, 1841, 
payable on the 1st day of November next. Newtown, March 27, 1841. 

Eben Beach, $6.00; Samuel C. Blackman, $5.00; Lyman Beers, $5.00; Henry 
Fairchild, $5.00; Joseph D. Wheeler, $4.00; E. W. Keeler, $4.00; Rufus 
Somers, $4.00; George B. Peck, $2.00; George Scott, $2.00; Lucas Barnes, 
$3.00;William Beard, $8.00; Russell Wheeler, $3.00; Reuben B. Burrows, 
$4.00; Hiram Parmelee, $10.00; Philo Northrop, $2.00; Reuben Beach, $1.50; 
William Fairchild, $2.50; Edwin A. Lum, $2.00; Charles W. Coe, $1.00; Rufus 
L. Parmelee, $3.00;Jesse Hoyt, $3.00; John Johnson, $5.00; Charles Johnson, 
$5.00; Legrand Bennett, $2.00; Esther Ferris, $4.00; Grandison Parmelee, 
$0.50; Theodocia Peck, $2.00; Emily A. Sanford, $10.00; Ambrose Stillson, 
$1.00;Meeker Hoyt, $2.00; Ladies Society, $50.00; Wooster Peck, $4.00; Mary 
Tomlinson, $1.00; Almon Miller, $1.00; Alva B. Beecher, $2.00; Zalmon 
Griswold, $1.00; Sidney Middlebrook, $1.00; John Glover, $1.00; George 
Curtis, $1.00; Royal O. Gurley, $0.50; William Sherman, $0.50; George C. Peck, 
$2.00; A. Judson, $1.00; Daniel S. Hawley, $1.00; H. W. Tucker, $2.00; Widow 
Sanford, $0.50; Mary E. Parsons, $1.00; Grahum Hurd, $2.00; Charles Dick 
$1.00;Doctor Dutton, $2.00; J. S. Tomlinson, $1.00; Dr, Erastus Erwin, $1.00 
Norman Hoyt, $0.50; Dr. George Judson, $0.50; Ammon Shepherd, $1.00 
Hannah Shepherd, $1.00; David W. Jones. $1.00; Isaac M. Sturges. $1.00 
Abel Botsford, $6.00; Abigail Marshall, $2.00; S. B. Fairchild, $2.50; William 
H. Fairchild, $1.50. 

Encouraged by the response of people in contributing funds. Rev. 
Mr. Leadbetter was content with what could be raised by subscrip- 
tion, but that method had its day and when the stipend became too 
small to live upon, he resigned. 

From a secular standpoint it looked as if the end of organized 
action was close at hand, so feeble numerically and financially had 
they become. The small fund they had depended upon had nearly 
been swept away by the failure of the Eagle Bank of New Haven, 
and but for the aid received from the Connecticut Home Mission- 
ary Society, which began in 1817, the organization might have 
ceased to exist. In addition to all other drawbacks, the meeting 
house itself had become so dilapidated that it seemed almost beyond 
repair. 

A meeting was called, June 3, 1844, adjourned to June 15, when it was 
voted "that the committee of this society take such measures as they may 
deem proper for the purpose of building a meeting house in Sandy Hook." 
Two days later it appears by the record the following notice was sent out : 
"Notice is hereby given to the citizens of the village of Sandy Hook that 
the Congregational society of Newtown have instructed their committee to 



FIRST ECCLESIASTICAL SOCIETY 77 

take such measures as they may deem proper to build a house for public 

worship in Sandy Hook. The committee hereby call upon all the friends 

of the enterprise to meet with them in the Temperance hall, June 29, 1844, 

at 4 o'clock p. m., to take the subject into consideration and to devise ways 

and means for the accomplishment for said object." „ i r- ni i 

^ Samuel C. Blackman, 

Eben Beach, 

Joseph D. Wheeler, 

Hiram Parmelee, 

Society's Committee. 

The meeting was held as appointed, the matter was discussed, it 
did not appeal very strongly to Sandy Hook people, people in the 
west part of the town did not fall in with it. The meeting was 
adjourned for six weeks and the matter dropped indefinitely. 

Those were dark days for the few, at the head of whom were the 
worthy deacons, Eben Beach and Rufus Somers, while the vener- 
able Samuel C. Blackman, Hiram Parmelee, Wooster Peck, Elizur 
W. Keeler, Charles Johnson,Henry Fairchild, Joseph D. Wheeler, 
William Fairchild, with their wives and a few others, helped where- 
ever duty seemed to call them. Then it was that came the most 
perplexing question, "What must be done?" and one question that 
gained prominence again was : "Shall we change the site and go to 
Sandy Hook?" Up to this time no house of worship had been built 
in Sandy Hook. The only one in town, outside the center, was the 
Baptist meeting house in Zoar on the corner near what is now 
known as Snake Rock farm. At this juncture, a spirit of local pride 
seized upon the town's people, for they did not want the society to 
become defunct and the meeting house obliterated. Subscription 
papers were circulated until $1200 was raised and laid out in repairs. 
One of the subscription papers fell into my hands more than 40 
years ago. Some will find the names of their ancestors here. 

We, the subscribers, hereby severally agree and promise to pay to Eben 
Beach, treasurer of the First Ecclesiastical Society in Newtown, the sums 
annexed to our names, respectively for the purpose of repairing the Pres- 
byterian meeting house in Newtown, provided the sum subscribed shall 
amount to the sum of $1,000. This subscription to be paid Dec. 1, 1845. 
Newtown, August 2, 1845. 

Abel Botsford, $50.00; George Botsford, $25.00; Abigail Marshall. $10.00; 
Oliver Peck, $5.00; Elliot M. Peck, $5.00; Wooster Peck, $10.00; Hezekiah 
B. Fairchild, $3.00; John B. Wheeler, $5.00; Ezra H. Johnson, $15.00; 
Charles Johnson, $20.00; Henry Fairchild, $15.00; William Fairchild, 
$15.00; Hiram Parmalee, $20.00; Samuel C. Blackman, $10.00; Rufus 
Somers, $10.00; Eben Beach, $10.00; Lewis S. Brisco. $7.00; Robert N. 
Hawlev, $5.00; Philo J. Marsh, $5.00; Sinclair Tousey, $5.00; Abner Beers, 
$5.00; Isaac Hawley, $3.00; Charles H. Beers, $3.00; Sallu P. Barnum, $10.00; 
Lemuel Beers, $5.00; Alexander Hall, $2.00; Isaac Nichols, $2.00; Reuben 
Beach, $5.00; Baldwin and Beers, $20.00; D. N. Belden, $10.00; Theophilus 
Nichols, $400; Charlotte Glover. $2.00; Henry B. Glover, $10.00; Henry 
Baldwin, $5.00;Abigail Walker, $5.00; George Scott, $2.00; Ambrose Stillson, 
$2.00 ;J. B. Nichols, $2.00; Isaac Marshal, $10.00; Joseph Wheeler, $2.00; 
Abel T. Peck, $1.00; Levi Peck, $2.00; Phoebe Booth, $3.00; Naomi Booth, 
$5.00; William Blakeslee, $5.00; Amos S. Treat, $3.00; Amos G. Peck, $5.00; 
James P. Geeler. $3.00; Walter and Isbell. $4.00; George A. Townsend, $20.00; 
Lyman Beers, $5.00; Charles Fairman, $3.00; Hepsa Foote. $2.00; Lucus M. 
Hard, $2.00; Jabez B. Peck, $3.00; Joseph Blackman, $2.00; Simeon B. Peck, 
$2.00 ;Eli Bennett, $3.00; Daniel Skidmore, $1.00; Isaac Foot, $1.00; Mary 
Tomlinson, $5.00; Ann R. Peck, $5.00. 

To help determine the feasability and propriety of changing the 
site to Sandy Hook it was decided to have Sunday services alter- 



78 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

nate between Newtown Street and Sandy Hook. The upper room 
of a three story building near the bridge was rented, where, for a 
few months, services were held every other Sunday. The writer, a 
boy of 10 years, was a regular attendant with his father and mother 
and the remembrance of those experiences comes vividly to mind 
in these later days. This experiment caused a reactionary move- 
ment from the other end of the line. Voluntary offers were made 
of money to help put the meeting house in repair, which, with other 
reasons, led to the abandonment of the proposed project. 

Coming of Rev. Jason Atwater. 

In 1846, Rev. Jason Atwater offered his services gratuitously for 
five Sabbaths, an offer gladly accepted. In three years ; $1200 was 
raised, the meeting house put in repair and re-dedicated in January, 
1847. Rev. Mr Atwater resigned the pastorate in 1856. His salary 
was $500 a year. The following well deserved testimonial is in- 
scribed on the society's record: "Like the Good Samaritan he 
came to us in the time of our greatest necessity, when days were dark and 
friends were few and hopes were faint and he has thereby exhibited the 
spirit of his Master, the Great Shepherd himself, who gathered the lambs 
in His arms and carried them in His bosom." 

As we look backward from the standpoint of 1845 and then for- 
ward to the standpoint of to-day, it would seem that the year 1845, 
marked the point of the Great Divide with this church and society, 
as the past 60 years seem to have been years of most uninterrupted 
prosperity. 

Here our chapter will close, but not so this society's history. 
From 1856 to 1914, 58 years of additional history has been making 
and awaiting the pen of some ready writer. There are but three 
persons besides himself, who were connected with the society and 
congregation between 1840 and 1850, and those are Mrs Lucy Beers, 
Mrs Elizabeth Fairchild and Mrs Adeline J. Fairchild, each of 
whom is now well past 80 years of age. (1914) 

Note: Since the above was written in 1914, Mrs. Elizabeth Fairchild died 
June 7, 1915, aged 89 years and Mrs Adaline Fairchild died Aug. 4, 1916 aged 
88 years. 

At this writing Aug. 1917, Mrs Lucy Beers is more than 94 years old. 

Rev. Wm. H. Moore succeded to the pastorate the same year. He 
was a godly man and an earnest and efficient pastor. Mrs. Moore 
an invalid for many years died in 1861. In 1862 he resigned to 
become State Missionary of the Missionary Society of Connecticut 
but retained his residence in Newtown for some time. In 1863 he 
married Miss Jeanie Sanford and removed to Berlin, Conn. 

Rev. Wm. M. Arms- became pastor in 1863, but remained only a 
year and a half. Rev. Daniel W. Fox was his successor. He was 
installed in 1865. In that year the church celebrated its 150 anni- 
versary, and the parsonage was bought that same year. He 
resigned in February 1867. In June the same year the Rev. Henry 
Bagg Smith was installed, Mr. Smith was a faithful pastor, visiting 
his people scattered about the town, holding Sunday afternoon or 
evening services in school-houses at stated intervals. He was 
especially noted for efficient work in the Sunday School. In May 
1873 he resigned to accept a call to Greenfield Hills. Miss Scudder 




REV. WM. H. MOORE 



See Page 78 




REV. HENRY liAGG SAnTH 

See Page 78 




RE\'. JA.MKS P. llO\ r 

See Page 79 




RE\'. OTIS W. BARKER 

See F'age 79 




REV. EDWARD O. GR I SB ROOK 





CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH 



COMING OF REV. JASON ATWATER 79 

pays a beautiful tribute to the family who made so large a place in 
the life of the church, "the pastor's good wife, a woman possessing 
rare gifts of heart and mind and a tender sympathy so that all those 
in trouble turned to her for consolation and counsel, the charming 
daughters who gave in unstinted measure of their time and gifts 
to their father's work in the church. Five of the seven sons have 
at various times returned to the town and to the church to do 
valued services as deacons, superintendents in the Sunday School 
and various activities in the church. 

In May, 1874, Rev. James P. Hoyt accepted a call on condition 
that the pews be free. His pastorate was one of the longest in the 
church coveiing a period of sixteen years. Many improvements 
were made in his time the greatest being in the lecture room. One 
hundred and fifty new members were received during his pastorate, 
the benevolences tripled and the fund increased from $2,200 to 
$5000, $2000 being a legacy from Miss Sarrah Blackman, a daughter 
of Judge Samuel C. Blackman. 

Mr Hoyt resigned in 1890 accepting a call to Cheshire Conn. 

In August 1890, Rev. Samuel W. Delzell became pastor. He was 
a faithful pastor and an earnest preacher and it was with sincere 
regret that the church parted with him after a three years pastor- 
ate. He left to affiliate himself with the Baptist denomination. 

Rev. Otis W. Barker was ordained Oct. 24, 1893, and installed, 
October 1894. Many improvements were made ; a new chandelier 
costing $90, also the vocalion organ. Monthly missionary concerts 
were held and many notable workers from various fields all over the 
world came to tell us of their work. A Christian Endeavor Society 
was organized in 1899. It was with a feeling akin to dismay that 
we learned in 1905, that our beloved leader must lay down the work 
so dear to him and to us. 

In October 1905 Rev. Ralph Danforth accepted a call from the 
church. He remained only until September 1907, when he left to 
study at a western university. Rev. Alexander Steele came from 
the Methodists, with the understanding that he should pursue his 
theological studies at Yale University. He organized and led the 
Boy Scouts. He left in August 1912 to return to his own denom- 
ination. 

Rev. T. J. Lee took up the work of the church and the parish, 
February 1913. 

Miss Susan Scudder, from whose historical address, the largest 
part of the record from the days of Rev. Mr. Atwater down, have 
been taken, says. "He is known and loved by all as he goes out 
and in amongst us, rejoicing with those who rejoice, comforting 
those who sorrow, and breaking to us the Bread of Life on the 
Lord's Day" 

October 18th, 19th and 20th 1914, were given up to celebrating 
the two hundredth Anniversary of the Congregational Church. 



80 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



THE EPISCOPAL CHURCHES IN NEWTOWN STREET. 

Nothing can be found in Newtown records regarding the location 
of the place of worship built in 1732, after the adherents of the 
church of England had withdrawn from the "standing order," 
which in the colony was Presbyterian, and for the support of which 
taxes were levied on all freeholders of the town. Their first public 
service was held in the open under a large button-ball or sycamore 
tree at the foot of the hill to the south of the village. In 1907 a 
boulder suitably inscribed was placed to mark the nearby spot and 
in that vicinity it is supposed was their first building in which to 
meet for worship. We know nothing further about it, but how- 
ever small, crude or unpretentious it may have been, it served their 
purpose until 1746, when they asked for a grant of land on the hill 
to the northward. A town meeting was held at the north school- 
house, March 27, 1746, "to take action for ye setting up a public 
meeting house for ye church of England so-called in Newtown," 
when it was "voted that whereas those of ye church of England people 
in this place are now upon building a new meeting house for ye public 
worship of God, that sd people of ye Episcopal Communion shall have 
liberty to erect sd house on ye west side of ye town street southward of 
ye Presbyterian meeting house 28 rods, ye south end of ye termination of 
ye church of England meeting house to be ye termination of 28 rods, said 
house to set northward and southward fronting to ye street, and ye back 
or westward side of sd house to be 10 feet distant from ye front of ye house 
lot on which it stands against, and that they and their successors shall 
never be molested by this town from this time forward and forever in ye 
enjoyment of sd place for ye use aforesaid. 

Attest John Northrop, Town Clerk." 

After the building was erected and covered the Presbyterians, troubled 
lest the vote of the town had not been complied with in locating the 
building, called out Edmond Lewis, county surveyor, who "being assisted 
by chain bearers as the law directs," found that the Church of England 
meeting house had not been located quite as ye town directs, as ye 28 rods 
south of ye Presbyterian meeting house terminated 19 feet southward of 
ye south sill of ye Church of England meeting house as they are now laid." 

The same day John Glover, Jr., Thomas Skidmore and James Hard, 
committee of the Episcopal church, apologized for the mistake : 

We ye subscribers, members of ye church of England in Newtown, being 
sensible that we have not fully complied with ye vote of sd town in respect 
to building ye Church, in that we did not lay ye foundation of sd Church as 
far southward as it ought to have been by sd vote, by about 20 feet and in 
so doing have so far done contrary to good order and ye agreement of ye 
town by sd vote and hereby desire that those who are aggrieved to forgive 
us that rong. — John Glover, Thomas Skidmore, John Glover, the Com- 
mitte. 

"Ye subscribers hereunto received ye above acknowledgment and accept- 
ed it to put on record, April 12, 1746. 

John Northrope, Town Clerk." 







X 



X 



c 



5 c 



t^ 




NEWTOWN'S EPISCOPAL CHURCHES 81 

As the building was erected at the expense of the Church of 
England people, and not at the expense of the town, nothing ap- 
pears on the town records as to the expense of the work or as to 
its dimensions or the time of its completion. All we know about 
the building is what we are told by Dr E. Edwards Beardsley in his 
history of the Church in Connecticut : 

"It was a strong, neat building 46 feet long and 35 feet wide and 25 feet 
to the roof." 

To make clear to the reader its exact location with reference to 
the meeting house of the Presbyterians, we need to bear in mind 
that the meeting house was on the east side of the street exactly 
opposite where the Congregational church now stands, and this 
location of the Church of England house of worship was by vote of 
the town exactly 28 rods to the south of that, but on the opposite 
side of the road. The building was used by the Episcopalians until 
1793, when it was sold to Solomon Glover, who moved it off the 
highway and rented it to the town for a term of years for a town 
house. 

In 1752, the Church of England people in Newtown began to 

show signs of uneasiness at being made to pay taxes to help pay 

the Presbyterian minister's salary and petitioned the authorities to 

call a town meeting to answer this Church of England people pre- 

I amble : 

Whereas )'e professors of ye Church of England, Newtown, in ye county 

1 of Fairfield have cited ye inhabitants of sd town to appear at ye General 

Court to be held at Hartford on ye second Thursday of Instant, may 

it please to show reasons, if any they have, why said court should not 

grant sd professors parish privilege, etc. 

The town meeting was held. May, 1752 at 6 in the afternoon, at the 
north schoolhouse in the town street to do what shall be thought proper 
f in sd affair. 

I Capt. John Glover was appointed moderator and put to vote whether 
I they would make choice of any meet person to be an agent to appear 
1 at Hartford on ye second Thursday of May of ye General Court sitting 
I to oppose or give reasons why ye professors of ye Church of England 
i in Newtown should not have their prayer granted unto them and it was 
j voted in ye negative. 

Also voted that we have no reasons to oflFer against ye motion of the 
i Church of England in Newtown prayer to ye Assembly. 
I Voted in ye affirmative. 
I John Northrop, Town Clerk. 

I Up to this time the Church of England people had had no parish 
' privileges independently of the town authorities. At the annual 
I town meeting, a man was chosen to collect the minister's rates 
( which were paid by tax. Two collectors, one to collect rates for the 
[Presbyterian minister, who was at that time Rev. David Judson. and 
lone to collect for the Church of England minister, who was Rev. 
j John Beach. The population of Newtown in 1752 was 1250, 23 of 
jwhom were slaves. 

! REV. JOHN BEACH 

I The Rev. John Beach after his ordination in England officiated 
] alternately at Newtown and Redding. During the Revolutionary 
War he was forbidden to pray for the King, but like Daniel of old 
(he persisted in doing what he considered his duty. 



82 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Attached to a memorial tablet near the pulpit in Christ Church, 
Redding, is a bullet, which had it reached its mark would have end- 
ed the career of this brave pioneer of the Church. The inscription 
reads : 

"This bullet was fired at the Rev. John Beach while officiating in the 
Ante-Revolutionary Church of this parish, and was found lodged in the 
sounding board when that church was taken down and the present edi- 
fice erected. Pausing for a moment the venerable pastor repeated these 
words to the alarmed congregation : 'Fear not them which kill the body 
but are not able to kill the soul, but rather fear Him who is able to de- 
stroy both soul and body in Hell.' The bullet is preserved here as a relic 
of his loyalty to the Church." 

To the Blessed Memory of Rev. John Beach, A. M., Founder 
of this Parish. 

Born at Stratford, Conn., A.D. MDCC, graduated Yale College 
A. D. MDCCXXI. At great sacrifice upon thorough investigation 
and deej) conviction conforming to the Church of England he was 
admitted to Holy Orders in England, A. D. MDCCXXXII and ap- 
pointed missionary at Newtown and Redding of the Venerable 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. He was a scholar thor- 
ough — a reasoner cogent — a controversialist able — a preacher per- 
suasive — a pastor untiring — a Christian hero undaunted. He was 
of all most effective in laying deep and broad the foundations of 
the Church in the Colony of Connecticut. From the begining of 
his ministry assailed by bitter intolerance and pursued by malicious 
plottings he patiently endured in the added perils of a cruel war 
reinaining with his flock he continued his ministrations at the con- 
stant risk of threatened violence and death. Full of years and 
labors he entered into rest, March XIX, A. D., MDCCLXXXH. 

In 1790 the Church of England people made known to the town 
they desired to secure a new location on which to build. A town 
meeting was held Dec. 23, 1790, and the town voted "that the 
people of the Episcopal Church and society in this town have liber- 
ty to erect a house for public worship on the place where the Town 
house now stands, placing the west part of the steeple in a line 
with the building on the east side of Town street, they being to 
the expense of moving the Town house to some proper place that 
shall be agreed upon by the town." 

The only objection the Episcopalians had to that site was the 
nearness of the meeting house which was on the east side of the 
main street and near the town house. The Episcopalians made a 
proposition to move the meeting house to the west side of the main 
street at their own risk. This proposition was acted upon at a 
Presbyterian Society's meeting, Jan. 9, 1792, when it was voted 
"that the Presbyterian society give their free and full consent that their 
meeting house for public worship may be removed westward and placed in 
such position as shall be further directed, provided it shall be done with- 
out subjecting the society to any e.xpense and that the society shall be 
indemnified for all damages the said house shall sustain in consequense of 
such removal as shall be hereafter estimated and agreed to by said society 
and that a committee be appointed to confer with the Episcopal society's 
committee to hear and report their terms at the next society's meeting or 
adjournment of the present meeting. Voted Mr William Edmond. Jabez 
Botsford and Roger Terrill be a committee for the above business " 

Caleb Baldwin,' Clerk." 



REV. JOHN BEACH 83 

Atter the death of Rev. John Beach in 1782, we have no record of 
a settled rector until 1787, when Rev. Philo Perry was called. 

During his rectorship the third church house was built. The first record 
is dated Nov. 2, 1790. At a parish meeting that day "it was voted that we 
build a new Church house." On the 25th day of the same month another 
meeting was held, at which it was moved "to rescind the vote of the pre 
vious meeting." The motion did not prevail, and a committee was appointed 
"to inspect and search where it is most convenient to set the new church 
and to make inquiry how the several plots of ground that have been pro- 
posed can be purchased." 

December 30, 1790, at another parish meeting it was voted "that if we 
do build a new church it shall be erected where the town house now 
stands." It was also voted "that a committee be appointed to prefer a 
petition to the General Assembly now sitting in New Haven for permission 
to raise by a lottery the sum of one thousand pounds lawful money by a 
deduction of 12 per cent for the purpose of building a new church, or as 
much short of the sum mentioned as the committee after further consid- 
eration shall think proper; and that the committee shall have descretion- 
ary power to form a scheme of said lottery and to make report of their 
proceedings at the next meeting." Capt. David Baldwin, Messrs. Andrew 
Beers and Solomon Glover were appointed lottery committee. 

As the records show no report from the lottery committee we 
infer the scheme was abandoned and at a meeting in Oct., 1791, it 
was — 

Voted "that we will build the Church by subscription provided we can 
get one thousand pounds subscribed by the second Tuesday in Nov. Messrs 
David Beers, Samuel Ferris, Abraham Booth, Ebenezer Beers and Josiah 
Fairchild were appointed a committee to obtain subscriptions and David 
Fabrique, Abijah Curtiss and Jonathan Sherman committee to examine and 
propose the bigness of the church." At a meeting, Nov. 8, 1791, "it was 
voted that the bigness of the church shall be 68 by 48 feet and that Daniel 
Booth, David Beers, Solomon Glover and Jonathan Sherman be a commit- 
tee to contrive carry out and complete the building of the Church." 

March 5, 1792, it was "voted that the price for common timber for build- 
ing the Church should be 4 pence the square foot, brought to the place of 
building and well dressed." April 23, 1792, it was "voted that Andrew Beers, 
Josiah Tomlinson, Solomon Glover, Josiah Fairchild, Capt. John Glover, 
Zalmon Toucey and Ezra Booth be a committee to inspect and make 
further search for the most convenient place to set the new Church house 
and make a report at our next meeting." A week later a meeting was held 
when it was "voted whether we will do anything in regard to moving the 
Church from the plot of ground where it was formerly voted." 

It was decided in the negative by a large majority and the meeting 
decided to adhere to the selection first made. In April, 1793, 
Henry Glover, Cyrenius Hard and Joseph Ferris were appointed 
a committee to dispose of the old Church and it was also voted to 
give the reading desk and the pulpit to the Episcopal Church in 
Brookfield. At a parish meeting June 17, 1793, it was "voted that 
the new Church be called Trinity." In September, 1793, the Church 
was consecrated by Bishop Seabury, first Bishop of the Episcopal 
Church in America. The annual convention of the Diocese of Con- 
necticut met in this Church three times, 1801, 1806 and 
1826. May 18, 1795, it was "voted that the thanks of the parish 
be returned to Messrs. Richard Nichols and Philo Norton for the 
donation of a bell for the society's use." The bell was cast in Lon- 
don in 1793. 

Mr Perry died in 1798. A tablet bearing this inscription is insert- 
ed in the wall of the stone church : "In Memory of the Rev. Philo 
Perry. Born in Woodbury, Conn., A, D. 1752. Graduated at Yale 



84 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

College in 1777. Admitted to Holy Orders by Bishop Seabury, June 
3, 1787. from which time until he was called to the rest of Paradise, 
A. D. 1798, he was the devoted and efficient Rector of this Parish 
and a Clergyman of eminence in the Councils of the Church." 

Rev. Daniel Burhans, D. D., became rector in 1799 and remained 
in charge of the parish until 1830, when he resigned and became 
rector of St. James Church. At that time he reported belonging to 
the parish 214 families and 300 communicants. "In my 30 years 
ministry, I have admitted by baptism 1350, for confirmation 400, 
admitted to Holy Communion 203." He remained in Zoar two 
years and accepted a call to Plymouth. During his later years, it 
was his custom to visit his dear old parish each year and preach a 
farewell sermon. 

Mr. and Mrs. Beach Camp were the last couple married while 
rector at Newtown in 1830. Their daughter, Mrs. E. L. Johnson, 
born in 1837, heard him preach several farewell sermons and attend- 
ed his funeral at Trinity Church. He died Dec. 30, 1853. 

The tablet in the wall of the stone church bears this inscription: 
"To perpetuate the blessed memory of the Rev. Daniel Burhans, D. 
D., for thirty-one years the zealous and efficient Rector of this 
Parish, adorning his life with the fruits of the Spirit and his min- 
istry with faithful diligence. He was the last survivor of those 
ordained by the first Bishop of Connecticut, having for more than 
half a century contended for the faith once delivered to the Saints 
as this church hath received the same. He was born at Sherman, 
Conn., July 7, 1762. Entered into rest Dec. 30, 1853, in the ninety- 
second year of his age and the sixtieth of his ministry." 

Immediately succeeding Rev. Burhans was Rev. Samuel C. 
Stratton, a godly man and much beloved. Some appreciative 
friends placed a beautiful window to his memory in the new stone 
Church. He was rector from Oct. 1, 1831, to Oct. 1. 1839, being 
succeeded, Sept. 11, 1841, by Rev. S. S. Stocking, who remained 
untli Sept. 24, 1848. A good man and loved by his peaple. Rev 
Horace Hills became rector, Jan. 7, 1849, resigned Nov. 11, 1849. 

Rev. Dr. Wm. M. Carmichael became rector, Nov. 6, 1850, re 
signed Nov. 6, 1852. The death of his wife by small pox and other 
events made his rectorship a period of sorrow and unrest. 

The parish was greatly blessed during the ministry of Rev. Benj. 
W. Stone, D. D., from Nov. 20, 1852, to Nov. 17, 1856, when to the 
regret of his people he answered a higher call. 

At the suggestion of Jonathan E. Goodhue, a student for the 
ministry while Principal of Newtown Academy, the parish, with 
the Bishop's permission, called Rev. Dr. Newton E. Marble, of 
Concord, N. H., who became rector, April 1, 1857. In June, he 
brought his bride, Miss Mary Gillis, great-grand-daughter of Maj. 
Gen. John Stark of Revolutionary fame, to be the mother of the 
motherless Frances, the gracious mistress of the new rectory built 
the same summer, and the always loyal and efficient help-meet in 
a singularly useful and blessed ministry of more than twenty-one 
years. 

Their two children: Mary Gillis, born 1858, died 1874; Frederick 




REV. DANIEL BURHANS, D. D. 



See Page 84 




REV. NEWTON E. MARBLE D. D. 



Sec Page 85 




wnru— .^M^iij T" '~"^ — *• 



TRINITY p. E. CHURCH 



See Page 85 




SILAS i\. BEERS 

See Page 85 




SHOWING RELATIVE POSITION OF THE TWO 
CHURCHES 1793 and 1870 



NEWTOWN'S EPISCOPAL CHURCHES 85 

Parker, born 1859, is an eminent lawyer of Lowell, Mass. 

In 1866, the parish bought the homestead of Isaac Beers, just 
south of the old church and separated from it by a branch road con- 
necting at the rear of the Church with the road leading to Sandy 
Hook The town relinquished its right to this road. The strip of 
road, together with the homestead bought of Isaac Beers, made 
ample room for the site and building of the new Church, without 
disturbing the old Church building. After the completion of the 
stone Church, the old building w^as sold at auction for $100 and 
torn down. 

The building committee were, Mr. Henry Sanford, Simeon B. 
Peck, David H. Johnson, Henry B. Glover, Aaron Sanford. Dec. 
28, 1867, Walter Clarke, Daniel N. Morgan, Silas N. Beers, Le- 
grand Fairchild and Frederick Chambers were added to the build- 
ing committee. 

The architect w^as Mr. Silas Norman Beers, one of Newtow^n's 
gifted sons. He, with Mr. Henry Sanford and others of the com- 
mittee, gave time and strength in unstinted measure to the work, 
and it was a proud day in February, 1870, that saw the completion 
of the fourth Church edifice since the first Rector, Rev. John Beach, 
preached his first sermon in 1732 under the button-ball tree at the 
four corners below the Street. 

The last service was held in the old Church, Jan. 30, 1870. The 
text of the last sermon, "It is the last time," struck a note of sad- 
ness in the heart of many in the well-filled Church. 

After a service of thirteen years in the old Church, and eight in 
the new, whose building he had watched from corner-stone to 
turret. Dr. Marble was obliged, because of physical infirmities, to 
offer his resignation. May 1, 1878, to take efifect, Sept. 1, 1878, 
that date being his 70th birthday and the 36th of his entering the 
ministry. He had been unable for several weeks to walk or stand 
and strong men of the parish took him in a wheel-chair across 
the Street, up the steps and to the chancel for his last service in 
the parish he had served so faithfully for more than twenty-one 
years. With heavy hearts, we heard him say, *T have finished 
my course." The precious body never entered the portals of the 
Church again, until after tw^o years of patient suffering it was 
released, and strong men again bore it to the chancel where he 
had been wont to proclaim Jesus' words : "I am the Resurrection 
and the Life," for the comfort of sorrowing ones, then bore it to 
its last earthly resting-place in "God's acre." 

In 1882 during the rectorship of Rev. Gouverneur Morris Wil- 
kins, a beautiful and costly tablet was placed in the south wall of 
the Church, bearing this inscription: 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Newton E. Marble, D. D., for twenty- 
one years the faithful and beloved Rector of this Parish. This Church, 
eretced during his rectorship, stands as his monument; but a nobler and 
more enduring one will be found in the souls he won to Christ. Born, 
Sept. 1, 1808, slept in Jesus, Sept. 28, 1881, having lived on earth seventy- 
three years. 

Rev. Thomas W. Haskins was made rector, Sept. 30, 1878, and 
resigned in October, 1880, being succeeded by Rev. Gouverneur 



86 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Morris Wilkins at Easter, 1881. He found the parish in sore 
straits ; but young blood, earnestness of purpose and persistence 
in accomplishing a purpose wrought wonderful results. 

A debt of $8,000 rested upon the parish. 

A committee appointed to canvass for subscriptions was suc- 
cessful, not only in raising sufficient to wipe out the debt, but for 
re-decoration and re-furnishing. The four tablets, to the memory 
of Rev. John Beach, Rev. Philo Perry, Rev. Dr. Burhans and Rev. 
Dr. Marble, are said to be the finest in the country. 

June 8, 1882, the long-wished-for event was accomplished. Trin- 
ity Church was consecrated by Rt. Rev. John Williams, Connec- 
ticut's beloved Bishop. A record from which we quote says : 

"In conneceion with the building and construction of the Church will 
stand side by side the names of Rev. Dr. Marble and Rev. G. M. Wilkins. 
Dr. Marble's part was to see the beautiful structure rise from foundation 
to turret during his ministry and to enjoy the pleasure of ministering to 
his people in it eight years. Rev. Mr. Wilkins' satisfaction will be to see 
the parish free from debt through his efficiency in less than one year after 
coming among us" 

That fact assured, Mr. Wilkins took a much desired vacation of 
a year in Europe, during which time the parish was most accept- 
ably served by Rev. J. Addison Crockett. 

REV. GEORGE THOMAS LINSLEY 

Rev. George Thomas Linsley succeeded Rev. Mr. Wilkins in Feb., 
1890. 

During his rectorship the organ, built by Andrews in 1853, was 
rebuilt by Geo. Jardine and Son in 1896, and moved from the gallery 
at the west end of the Church to the north-east corner. Under the 
direction of Prof. Charles S. Piatt, one of Newtown's sons, as 
organist, and the instruction of his talented wife, the musical talent 
of the young people of the parish was discovered and developed, 
and a good choir was formed, adding very materially to the beauty 
and the dignity of the Church service. 

Those who were young people at that time remember the happy 
social events in connection with Trinity Guild, organized under the 
guidance of the rector and his capable sister. Miss Martha Linsley. 
In January, 1895, Miss Mary Chauncey became the bride of the 
rector and the rectory continued to be the center of much literary 
and social activity. The Women's Auxiliary did valient service and 
the twelve years were peaceful and prosperous. In March, 1902, 
the higher call to the Church of the Good Shepherd, Hartford, 
proved too strong to be resisted, and reluctantly the connection was 
severed. 

REV. JAMES HARDIN GEORGE 

Rev. Jame.> Hardin George, who had been several years rector of 
St. John's Church, Salisbury, was called in May, 1902. 

The large family of children just blossoming into manhood and 
womanhood formed an interesting accession to the life of the 
parish. 

The sick and sorrowing soon learned to look for visits of the 




REV. GEORGE T. LINSLEY 

See Page 86 




KE\'. JAMES li. GEORGE 

See Page 87 




REV. WILLIAM C. CRAVNER 

Elected Rector June 1918 




BEACH CAMP 



Elected Vestryman 1836 

Junior Warden 1843 

Senior Warden 1853 

Died July 8th 18S5 




DANIEL G. HEERS 



See Page 262 



Elected Clerk of Trinity Parish 1876 

Vestryman 1877 

Junior Warden 188.5 

Senior Warden 1889 

Died Feb. IJth 1913 



NEWTOWN'S EPISCOPAL CHURCHES 87 

rector, and Mrs. George won all hearts. A notable event occurred 
Nov. 2, 1905, when Rev. Frederick Foote Johnson, who had left 
Redlands, California, to be General Missionary in Western Mass., 
had been elected to become assistant Bishop to Bishop Hare of 
South Dakota, was consecrated to that office in Trinity Church. 
The Bishops present were, the Presiding Bishop, Rt. Rev. Daniel S. 
Tuttle, Bishops Whitaker of Penn., Vinton of Mass., Brewster of 
Conn., Lines of Newark, Jagger of Boston, Courtney of N. Y. More 
than 100 clergy were in the procession, besides Divinity School 
students and crowds from adjacent towns. Rev. Mr. George receiv- 
ed great praise for having so successfully engineered the interesting 
but difficult situation. 

Another notable event was the celebration, Sept., 1907, of the 
175th anniversary of the founding of the parish, and the unveiling 
of a boulder in which was imbedded a bronze tablet, which stated 
that under a sycamore tree which stood near that place, the Rev. 
John Beach preached, in 1732, his first sermon as rector of the 
Church, 

A few years after their coming, an accident occurred which it 
was thought produced only a slight injury to Mrs. George, but 
proved to have very serious results. Her hitherto active life was 
for a long time restricted to the movements of a wheel-chair, yet 
she was still a power in the home and in the parish. She had the 
joy of witnessing the ordination to the diaconate of James Hardin, 
Jr., the son who remembered no other mother. He was ordained 
by Bishop Johnson, Ascension Day, May 28, 1908. 

The choir were vested for the first time Easter Day 1909. 

Slowly and insidiously the disease progressed, until in May 1911, 
the release came. Miss Theodora, occupying a good position in N. 
Y. and Miss Bertha having become the wife of William R. Curtis, 
Miss Caroline was the solace and comfort of the rector and the 
young sister Marilla, until in July, 1914, he took to wife, Miss Jane 
Fitch Beers, eldest daughter of Daniel G. and Arabella Fitch Beers. 
The new wife at once entered into all the activities of the parish 
and endeared herself to every family, being in truth a help meet, 
not simply to the rector, but to the whole parish. In the Autumn 
of 1916, the large basement room was divided, making a much 
smaller and more attractive room, suitable for parish activities; 
many kitchen improvements were also added. Trinity Guild being 
responsible for the improvements. It was first used before Christ- 
mas for a Guild sale. 

Soon after Christmas the rector seemed to be very weary, but 
performed his customary parish duties, until prostrated by pneu- 
monia early in January. He entered into rest, Jan. 18, 1917. The 
large congregation that filled Trinity Church at the last sad service 
testified to the affection of the people for their rector, and their 
sympathy for the bereaved family. 



88 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Resolutions Adopted by the Vestry of Trinity Church on the Death 
of Charles S. Piatt, who died Oct., 1908. 

"Whereas God in His wise providence has seen fit to take our beloved 
friend and fellow worker, Chas. S. Piatt from the scene of his early life 
to the rest of Paradise, therefore, Resolved, that we place on the record 
of this vestry our sincere appreciation of his true worth as an earnest 
communicant of our Church, a consistent member of our Parish and an 
efficient organist and leader of our choir. 

For 25 years he has presided at our organ with skill and ability, thereby 
adding much to the beauty and dignity of the worship of the Church. 
Untiring in his faithful and devoted attendance, with not only an un- 
flagging interest in the musical part of the service, but a true reverence 
for all parts of the Church's worship. 

Though his hands no longer touch the keys to sound forth a hymn of 
praise, a wedding chime, or a funeral dirge, the memory of his faithful- 
ness and his devotion will live always in the hearts of those who associate 
him with the organ and with the Church, where we feel so keenly a sense 
of great loss." 

RECTOR'S ASSISTANTS. 

Rev. Wm. Ackley, the first of Trinity's assistants to Rev. Dr. 
Marble, also officiated at St. John's Church from Aug. 1870, to 
December, 1873. 

Rev Thomas Mallaby was assistant from April 6, 1874, to June 
10. 1875. 

These two long since "entered into rest." 

Rev. Francis W. Barnett, who commenced his ministerial labors 
in June, 1876, as assistant to Rev. Dr. Marble and minister at St. 
John's, Sandy Hook, resigned in April, 1879, and became rector of 
St. Matthew's Church, Wilton, Conn. His next charge was Christ 
Church, Canaan, Conn., from which place he went to St. Luke's, 
South Glastonbury, Conn. His whole ministry, until ill-health 
made it necessary to relinquish charge of a parish, was singularly 
useful and fruitful. Each parish grieved when he left them. 

He married Miss Mary F. Blackman, one of Newtown's daugh- 
ters and when he must retire from active duty, they made a home 
for themselves in the home town. 

Having regained sufficient health for occasional service, he was 
chosen after the death of Rev. Mr. George as minister in charge 
of the parish, until a rector should be secured. 

Of Mr. Harnett's three sons, to whom by great self-sacrifice he 
gave a college education, the eldest. Rev. F. B. Barnett served 
acceptably a few years at St. Mary's, Mitchell, South Dakota, 
then removed to Ridley Park, Pa., from which place, on the enter- 
ing of the United States into the world war, he enlisted to go as 
Chaplain to France. Rev. Joseph is curate at St. George's Church, 
New York, and Edward is at Plattsburg awaiting orders. Miss 
Mary, the daughter, is the stay and comfort of the parents. 

Since this writing. Rev. Joseph Barnett has enlisted in the Army and 
is now Lieut. Barnett in U. S. service. 

Lieut Edward is in France and has been decorated for heroic service. 




RE\'. FRANCIS W 

See Page 8 



BARXETT 




> 





O 
\^ 
in 

H 
O 



Q 

> 

W 



NEWTOWN BORN MINISTERS 89 

THOSE NEWTOWN BORN WHO BECAME MINISTERS 
OF THE GOSPEL. 

REV. DAVID BOTSFORD. 

Rev. David Botsford, son of Gideon and Pulcrea Fairman Bots- 
ford born at Newtown, March 5, 1797, graduated from Yale, 1818, 
was ordained by Bishop Brownell, 1821. He preached at WalHng- 
ford, Conn., for a while but because of ill-health he was obliged to 
return to his father's home at Newtown, where he died 1823, 
respected and beloved by all who knew him. 

REV. ABEL NICHOLS 

Rev. Abel Nichols, fifth son of Lucy Beach and Capt. James 
Nichols, a direct descendant of Rev. John Beach, was born at New- 
town, May 23, 1807, died Dec. 16, 1859. He was going to the 
Bermudas to take charge of a Divinity School. He sailed on the 
"Silas Marner." A most fearful storm arose and the vessel sprung 
a leak. The life-boats were lowered and the passengers and crew 
taken off. Mr. Nichols stood by the Captain and assisted him to 
maintain order. At the last moment it was found that there was 
room for only one more, and he insisted that the Captain's life was 
of more value than his own, besides his being responsible to the 
agent for his passengers ; and so the fact remains that the Rev. 
Abel Nichols was then and there translated to the reward of heroic 
self-sacrifice. 

The Beach-Sanford Book. 

REV. GEORGE L. FOOTE. 

Rev. George Lewis Foote, was born in Newtown, Conn., March 
3, 1812. When only fifteen years old, his father died. For a few 
years he worked as apprentice to a shoemaker, but deciding to 
study for the ministry, he obtained a situation at Elizabeth, N. J., 
with Rev. Birdsey G. Noble, as assistant teacher, still studying and 
preparing for college. He was graduated from Washington (now 
Trinity) College in 1837, and founded Newtown Academy the same 
year. April 28, 1839, he married Minerva Tuttle. During the latter 
part of his teaching in Newtown Academy he was lay-reader at 
Christ Church, Roxbury, Conn. After his ordination as deacon in 
1840, and as priest in 1841 by Bishop Brownell, he became rector 
and remained in charge ten years. He was also principal of Roxbury 
Academy. 

In 1850 he resigned and became rector of Zion Church, McLean, 
N. Y.. where he remained six years. He also had charge of missions 
in Homer, Courtlandt, and Truxton, N. Y. In 1856, he removed to 
Sherburne, but at the end of two years, realizing the need of better 
education for his growing family, he became rector with Rev. 
Richard Whittingham, of St. Andrew's Church, New Berlin, N. Y. 
and principal of St. Andrew's School. At the end of three years, find- 
ing the burden of the school too great, he resigned and in 1860 
became rector of Zion Church, Morris, N. Y. For two years he 
devoted himself with untiring patience and fidelity but with im- 
paired health to his parish work. May 13, 1862, he was prostrated 



90 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

by Paralysis and after lingering in partial helplessness for eighteen 
months he passed away in the 52nd, year of his age. 

Of the nine children born to them two died in infancy. Of the 
seven who reached maturity, two of the sons became clergymen, 
Rev. G. W. Foote and Rev. Henry L. Foote, and two of the daught- 
ers married clergymen. One who died in 1899 became the wife of 
Rt. Rev. Daniel S. Tuttle, now, in 1918, Bishop of Missouri and 
Presiding Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, at 81 years of age. Another went with her husband, Rev. G. 
D. B. Miller, as missionary to Japan. They returned and since the 
death of her husband she has been for many years private secretary 
to Bishop Tuttle. Another. Mrs. S. K. White, was many years 
principal of the Diocesan School for girls at Tacoma, Washington, 
but is now engaged in missionary work in St. Louis, Missouri. 

REV. SYLVESTER CLARK, D. D. 

Rev. Sylvester Clarke, D. D., was born in Newtown, Sept. 26, 
1833, son of Betsy Ann Fairchild and Charles Clarke. His early 
education was received at the district school and at the private 
school of Harry Peck. While preparing for the ministry he did 
duty with several banking instiutions, entering Berkeley School in 
1855. He was ordained to the diaconate in 1858, and to the priest- 
hood in 1859, by Bishop Williams, who gave him charge of St. 
Peter's, Oxferd and Christ Church, Quaker Farms. In 1861, he 
resigned charge of those parishes and became assistant to Rev. 
Dr. Gurdon Coit, rector of St. John's Church, Bridgeport. In the 
summer of 1863 he became rector of the new Trinity Church, 
Bridgeport. In 1870, he founded the Coit Memorial Chapel, now 
St. Luke's, East End, Bridgeport. 

He was elected Professor of Church History at the University of 
the South, Sewanee, Tenn., to the same professorship at Seabury 
Divinity School, Fairibault, Minn. At the Berkeley Divinity School, 
Middletown, Conn., he was Professor of Homiletics and Pastoral 
Theology, and of Christian Evidences. As a member of the Com- 
mittee on Constitution and Canons and for several years its presi- 
dent, the greater part of the present Canon Law of the diocese was 
formulated by him. He was for many years one of the examining 
Chaplains of this diocese. 

Of a singularly modest and retiring disposition, Dr. Clarke was 
not wont to push himself into prominence ; but the clearness and 
balance of his judgment and the purity of his character made his 
influence positive and weighty. Men accepted him and supported 
him in offices that called for the higher qualities of intellect and 
character. Unfaltering in his loyalty to his own Church, his friend- 
ship could not be bound by denominational lines. He displayed a 
tender fraternal spirit, toward all who like himself were set for the 
preaching of the Gospel, to whatever denomination they belonged. 

The same fraternal spirit seeking ample outlet led him to mem- 
bership in the Masonic order, of which he was a Master Mason. 

He was past grand of Pequonnock Lodge, I. O. O. F., and one of 
its Trustees. He served many years as a member of the Board of 
School Visitors. liis influence in the Church life will be felt 




REV. SYLVESTER CLARK D. D. 

See Page 90 




RT. REV. FREDERICK F. JOHNSON D. D. 



See Page 91 



NEWTOWN BORN MINISTERS 91 

through coming years by many who will not know its source ; the 
example he set and the words he spoke as a Christian man and 
pastor will continue to enrich many lives. The truth of the state- 
ment that though "he rests from his labors, his works still follow" 
is exempHfied in the fact that in 1917, thirteen years since he enter- 
ed into rest, $50,000 are being raised for a new St. Luke's Church 
and "The Sylvester Clarke Parish House Memorial," to take the 
place of the outgrown chapel he founded in 1870, 

ARTHUR THOMAS PARSONS. 

Arthur Thomas Parsons, born in Sandy Hook, Dec. 2, 1847, at- 
tended public schools, was fitted for college in St. Paul's School, 
Brookfield. Conn., entered Trinity College in 1867, was graduated 
in 1871, a member of the Delta Upsilon and the Phi Beta Kappa 
fraternities, entered Berkeley Divinity School in 1871, was grad- 
uted in 1874, the ordination to the Diaconate by Bishop Williams 
taking place on May 27. The class of 1874 was the first to be or- 
dained in the new Church (Holy Trinity) in Middletown, and, as 
Mr. Parsons was senior candidate, he has the honor of being the 
first man ordained in that building. Mr. Parsons was advanced to 
the Priesthood in St. Andrew's Church, Meriden, by Bishop John 
Williams, Feb. 21, 1875. 

Rectorships : St. Alban's Church. Danielson, Conn., May 27, 
1847, to March 1, 1880; St. George's Church, Central Falls, R. I., 
March 1, 1880, to Jan. 1, 1885; St. Stephen's Church, East Haddam, 
Conn, Jan. 1, 1885 to Jan. 1, 1890; Trinity Church, Thomaston, 
Conn., Jan. 1, 1890, to June 1, 1909; Christ Memorial Church, North 
Brookfield, Mass., June 1, 1909, to April 1, 1912; Christ Church, 
Shefifield, Mass., April 1, 1912, to October 1, 1914. Retired from 
active service, Oct. 1, 1914. Has since lived in Northampton, Mass. 

In 1878 married Sarah E. Peck, of Brooklyn, N. Y., daughter of 
Richard W. and Sarah (Mather) Peck. One child, Jessie A. Par- 
sons, is secretary to the Librarian of Smith College, Northampton, 
Mass. 

REV. EDWARD J. EGAN. 

Born in Newtown, Dec. 12, 1861, graduated from Newtown 
Academy, 1879. Graduated from St. Charles College, Ellicott, 
Md., 1883; entered St. Joseph's Seminary, Troy, N. Y., the same 
year, and was ordained, Dec. 19, 1885. 

Son of Edward and Eliza Gordan Egan. Pastor of St. Philip and 
James Church, Phillipsburg, N. J. 

RT. REV, FREDERICK FOOTE JOHNSON, D..D. 

Rt. Rev. Frederick Foote Johnson, D. D., born at Newtown, 
Conn., .A.pril 23, 1866, son of Ezra L. and Jane E. Camp Johnson ; 
educated at public school, Newtown Academy, St. Stephen's Col- 
lege, Annandale, N. Y., Cheshire Episcopal School and Trinity Col- 
lege. Hartford, Conn., from which he was graduated with degree 
of B. A. in 1894, M. A. in 1897. Theological course at Berkeley 
Divinity School, Middletown, Conn.; ordained deacon at Newtown, 



92 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Conn., Nov. 11, 1896, by Bishop White of Indiana, ordained priest, 
1897, bv Bishop Spalding at Denver, Colorado. Was minister at 
Glenwood Springs, Colorado, 1897 ; curate at St. Stephen's Church, 
Colorado Springs, 1897-98; rector Boulder, Colorado, 1898; rector 
Trinity Church, Redlands, California, 1899-1904; Diocesan Mission- 
ary, Western Mass., 1904-05 ; elected assistant to Bishop Hare, 
South Dakota, 1905 ; consecrated Bishop at Newtown, Conn., Nov. 
2, 1905. Given D. D. degree by Trinity College, 1906; D. D. by 
Berkeley, 1909. After the death of Bishop Hare, Oct. 23, 1909, he 
was elected Bishop of South Dakota, Oct. 11, 1910; elected Bishop 
Coadjutor of Missouri in May, 1911. Feb. 4, 1899, he married at 
Redlands, California, Susan Lynn Beers, daughter of Silas Nor- 
man and Sarah Nichols Beers, of Newtown. She died, June 23, 
1901, at Redlands, California. June 26, 1915, married Elizabeth L. 
Beers, daughter of Daniel G. and Arabella Fitch Beers, of Newtown. 
Son by first marriage, born at Redlands, California, July 17, 1900, 
Frederick Foote Johnson, Jr. 

REV. JAMES HARDIN GEORGE, JR. 

Though born Nov. 21, 1884, in Salisbury, Conn., Rev. James 
Hardin George has a right to be called a Newtown boy by virtue of 
his descent in a direct line from Rev. John Beach, through his 
mother, Harriet Emma Sanford, deceased wife of Rev. James H. 
George, for fifteen years rector of Trinity Church, Newtown. 

His early schooling was at Salisbury, followed by a course at the 
Hotchkiss School, a large preparatory school for Yale. He entered 
Trinity College in 1902, and evidently made good use of his time, 
for he was graduated in 1905, one year ahead of time. Perhaps it 
was due to his having acquired "a thirst for strange tongues" 
through his close companionship during his college course with Dr. 
W. A. Martin, Professor of Oriental languages, that the same year 
he was sent to Shanghai, China, to teach history in St. John's 
University there. He spent a vacation in Japan, then because of 
ill-health it seemed best to return home. Having decided to study 
for the ministry he entered Philadelphia Divinity School. While pur- 
suing his studies he was a member of the Philadelphia City mission. 
Ascension Day, 1908, he was ordained deacon at Trinity Church 
Newtown, by Bishop Johnson, and went that summer to do mission 
work in South Dakota, returning to Philadelphia in the fall to com- 
plete his seminary work, and was made second assistant to the 
work in the parish of St. Simeon. 

As soon as he was free from that duty, he returned to his former 
field in the extreme northwest section of South Dakota, in the new 
territory about Lemmon, which was a new town still having the 
"smack of the wild West." A new Chapel was built while he was 
in charge. 

During his stay in China he became devoted to Miss. Carrie 
Mason Palmer, then a laborer in the mission field. He reported 
coming east in time to prevent the return of Miss Palmer to China, 
and they were married, Sept. 28, 1910. He accepted a call then to 
St. Alban's, Danielson, where he remained until October, 1916, when 
he became rector of Calvary Church, Columbia, Missouri. While at 




WM. B. PRINDLE 

Elected Chorister of Trinity Church, from 1835 to 1875. 
Elected Junior Warden 1880 
Senior Warden 1883 
Died May 23rd 1903 



|i NEWTOWN BORN MINISTERS 93 

Danielson he founded St. Paul's Mission, Plainfield, and by the aid 
of the diocese a beautiful Church was built. A son, James Hardin 
George, 3rd, was born Feb. 2, 1914. Now Mr. George, 1918, is a 
Chaplain in France. 

ST. JAMES' CHURCH. 

No record yet found gives the exact date of the building of St. 
James' Church, Zoar, which stood on the hill opposite the present 
jGray's Plain school house. As nearly as can be ascertained, it 
was about 1830, with Rev. Dr. Daniel Burhans, who had resigned 
jthe rectorship of Trinity parish, as first rector. In 1832, he re- 
signed and went to Plymouth, Conn. No record is found of reg- 
'ular services for many years, but Rev. Mr. Stratton and Rev. Mr. 
Stocking, rectors of Trinity, gave occasional services. St. James 
is the little Church whose services, people and surroundings are 
so graphically and truthfully depicted in "Shiloh" by W. M. L. Jay. 
[She was grand-daughter to Alfred Devine and Sarah Hard Curtis. 
Her husband. Rev. Curtis Woodruff, for many years City mis- 
isionary at New York City, often officiated there. 
i Rev. H. V. Gardner had charge for several years in connection 
I with St. Paul's. Huntington. He was followed by Rev. Mr. Davis 
, (Rev. Mr. Taylor in "Shiloh") then by Rev. Collis I. Potter, resid- 
ling in Huntington. Losses by death and removal so depleted the 
attendance that after the building of St. John's, Sandy Hook, the 
building was sold and removed. 

I ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

I St. John's Church, Sandy Hook, is the offspring of Trinity, New- 
' town. In the spring of 1864, Mrs. Susan Nichols Glover, direct 
j descendant of Rev. John Beach, wife of William B. Glover, seeing 
j the need of more personal local Sunday School work in the village, 
I gathered the children in her home and taught them. The inter- 
est increased and after awhile the school was removed to the 
upper room of the old store building, which later became the 
\ Masonic hall (burned in 1905,) where services were held occasion- 
j ally by Rev. George Davis who lived in Zoar and by Rev. Dr. Mar- 
ble, until the present Church edifice was erected. 
I The first regular mission work by the Episcopal Church in this 
j part of town was conducted by Rev. Wm. N. Ackley, assistant min- 
( ister of Trinity parish and was continued by Rev Francis W. Bar- 
nett and other assistants of the mother Church. 

The first organization of this movement in Sandy Hook was 
the Diocesan Missionary Association of St. John's Church, in the 
I parish of Trinity Church, Newtown, Dec. 2, 1879. This organiza- 
I tion was discontinued, on account of withdrawal of canonical con- 
sent of the rector of Trinity parish. Rev. T. W. Haskins, and 
St. John's parish was organized, June 1, 1880, the formal consent 
of Bishop Williams and the Standing Committee having been given, 
May 25, 1880. The original members were Minott Augur, James 
H. Warner, Smith P. Glover, Frederick Chambers, Ralph N. Betts, 
William E. Ackley, Isaac Percy Blackman, John L. Sanford, Charles 
M. Parsons, William B. Sniffen, Augustus W. Orgelman, Benjamin 
G. Curtis, Wm. G. Hard, James M. Blackman, Eli J. Morris, Martin 



94 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

W. Lee, Wm. A. Sherman, James Turner, Charles H. Payne, Am- 
mon Taylor, E. W. Wilson, M. B. Terrill, Chester Hard, Charles 
E. Minor, Alonzo Taylor, Wm. A. Bradley. 

St. John's Guild was organized, June 1, 1880, at the house of S. 
P. Glover. This Guild had its beginning in the sewing society of 
the ladies of St. John's Church, organized, Sept. 30, 1876, under 
the administration of Rev. Thomas Mallaby, assistant to Rev. Dr. 
Marble of Trinity Church and has always been an important factor 
in the support and progress of the Church. 

The present Church building was commenced in 1868, in accord- 
ance with the conditions of a bequest of $5,000 by the will of Wm. 
B. Glover, which was generously increased by his son. Smith P. 
Glover, who also purchased the land on which the Church stands 
for $1500 and gave it to the parish. The building was done by 
authority of Trinity parish, under the direction of a committee 
composed of Charles Morehouse, Smith P. Glover, James H. War- 
ner, Fred'k Chambers and Eli J. Morris. 

The corner stone was laid, Aug. 27, 1868. It was consecrated 
Oct. 12, 1869, by Bishop Williams. The first rector was Rev. H. 
L. Myrick, x^ugust, 1880. Until then it was a chapel of Trinity 
and served by assistants of Trinity. Mr. Myrick resigned in May, 
1886, at which time Rev. A. P. Chapman took charge until 
April, 1891. Mr. Chapman was a faithful pastor and did good 
work in the place, conducting a private school in the parish hall. 
Rev. Otis Olney Wright became rector in May, 1891. 

It was with keen regret that his people accepted his resignation 
to take effect in October, 1912. It was so true that "Mr. Wright's 
ministry extends beyond his parish and to the whole community. 
His efforts in establishing the Sandy Hook library and his interest 
and labors for the public schools cannot be forgotten, and through 
his articles in The Bee, a gratuitous, kindly service, he has had 
an audience of from 12,000 to 20,000 weekly." 

He removed to Swansea, Mass, where he is leading a peaceful but 
busy life among a people whom he had served before going to 
Sandy Hook. His successor is Rev. Charles Tibbals, who became 
rector in February, 1913. 

THE METHODIST CHURCH. 

The first class meeting held by the Methodists was in 1800. The 
first preaching service was held in the house of Mrs. Phebe Peck, 
just above the village, with others afterward in the old town house. 
In 1805, a class was formed as a nucleus to forming a Church or- 
ganization. Later a class was formed at Flat Swamp in 1828. 
Circuit preaching was had once in about four weeks, at school 
houses or at private dwellings. The first meeting house, dedicated 
in 1831, stood just north of Mrs. Marcus Hawley's residence. 

In 1850, that building was sold, and a more commodious one 
built at Sandy Hook at a cost of $3,300. 

The old building was removed near Newtown railroad station, 
and became the carriage-shop of C. H. Gay, and, later, was burned 
while the property of C. H. Bassett. 

A Universalist Society, organized early in the nineteenth century, built 




REV. OTIS OLXEY WRIGHT 



See Page 94 





u 

Cm 
O 
U 
en 
I — I 

H 
cyi 

Q 
O 
X 
H 
W 




ST. ROSE R. C CHURCH 



Sic Page 95 




KEY. JAMES McCAKTAX 

See Page 95 



NEWTOWN CHURCHES 95 

a commodious house of worship in the center of the village, but sold it 
to the Roman Catholics, who later sold it to the town and it is now the 
Newtown Town Hall. 

THE FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. 

The First Baptist Church of which there is knowledge stood on 
the rocks by the Ezekiel Beers place, now owned by President 
Arthur T. Hadley of Yale College. It was a barn-like structure, 
not at all churchly in appearance. 

About 1850, there was a revival among the Baptists, who built a 
neat little Church at the corner of Berkshire Cemetery. Death and 
removal of the members so weakened the Baptist society that no 
stated services were held for several years. The building was 
used for funerals and services were held occasionally by other 
Christian bodies. 

In 1913, the cemetery wishing to enlarge the grounds, the build- 
ing was sold and removed. 

ST. ROSE CHURCH. 

The first resident pastor of the Roman Catholic Church of New- 
town was Rev. Francis Lenihan, who organized the parish, Aug. 
1, 1859. Previous to his appointment, Newtown was served by a 
priest from Danbury. Father Lenihan purchased the first ceme- 
tery, but it was not blessed until the pastorate of Rev. James 
Daly, who came here in March, 1862, leaving in July, 1868. Rev. 
John Rogers became pastor, July 22, 1868, remaining until July, 
1873. His successor was Rev. James McCartan, who came in 
August, 1873 and died, January, 1889. The present Church was 
erected during his pastorate, in 1882, and his grave is in the Church- 
yard. 

i The old Church, purchased by Rev. John Sinith about 1858, had 
j been a Universalist meeting house. It is now Newtown's Town 
i Hall. Rev. Patrick Donahue succeeded Rev. James McCartan, re- 
I maining until 1891. Rev. Patrick Fox succeeded Rev. Patrick 
I Donahue. Rev. George T. Sinnott succeeded Rev. Patrick Fox 

July 30, 1910. The new cemetery was bought. May 16, 1891. 

Ground was broken for the Church in 1881. Mass was first said 
I in the completed Church, the first Sunday in August, 1883. It 
I cost about $25,000, the old bell and organ being taken from the old 

Church. The body of the Church will seat 800, the galleries 300. 

j SANDEMANIAN CHURCH. 

* A Sandemanian society was organized in 1740. The building 
I in which they held services stood midway between Mrs. Marcus 
I Hawley's and the middle district school house. The Sandeinaniana 
disbanded in the early years of the last century 



96 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



1717 
NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 

In the persistent elTorts of the pioneers to provide school privi- 
leges for their children, the town was divided into school districts 
as the needs of different sections arose, but the districts were not 
recognized in law until about 1766 and had no corporate existence 
until 1794. 

NORTH CENTER 

Committees were chosen for the several districts at the annual 
town meeting and a tax laid on the rateable estates of the town 
to meet the expenses of the several schools, the length of the 
school year depending upon the amount of money raised for that 
purpose. All were under town management until the system of 
each district paying its own school expenses was adopted. 

The first volume of Newtown Records shows when and how 
North Center and Middle districts came into existence, and tells 
of locating and building a school house for each district. The land 
that comprises the town of Newtown was bought from the Indians 
in 1705. Twelve years thereafter, Oct. 2, 1717, it was "voted by 
ye Inhabitants of ye town that a schoolhouse or town house shall forth- 
with or with all possible speed be erected of ye following dimensions: 
25 foot square and 8 foot between joynts and whereas Joseph Grey and 
Peter Hubbell have undertaken to build ye said house (viz) to get, draw 
the timber, make ye frame, get all ye shingles and clapboards and lay 
them, ye town finding nails, it is agreed and voted to give ye workmen 
for said work 10 pounds money to be paid upon their accomplishing or 
compleating their work workmanlike. 

Entered, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

Three months later, Jan. 8, 1718, a town meeting was held to fix 
the location of the town house when it was "voted, that the place 
for building ye schoolhouse or town house or house for holding town 
meetings in, and for teaching school in, shall be on ye main street or town 
street, near unto Abraham Kimberly's and John Lake's house, which is 
ye northeast corner of ye cross road yt leads to Pohtatuck brook." 

The building served the two purposes until 1733, 18 years, when 
a larger town house was needed, and the town voted to give up the 
building to the town's children, the neighborhood moving it at their 
own expense. The location of the building was where the school- 
house for what was the Middle district now stands, and is now 
used for the primary department of the consolidated district. 

The agitation to build a second school-house was begun in 1727, 
when a town meeting of the inhabitants, Sept. 13, "voted, yt there 
shall be erected a school-house between ye date above sd and December 
next ensuing ye sd date, and ye charges arising in building sd school- 
house shall be defrayed by ye town rate of ye inhabitants of sd town. 
Test, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

One month later, Oct. 19, 1727, it was voted that "Hugh Stillson, Ephraim 
Hawley and Jeremiah Northrop should be a committee in ye behalf of 
ye town to erect a school-house at ye place to be appointed, of 25 foot 
long and 18 foot wide, to be erected with all possible space and ye whole 
care of ye compleating ye sd house fit for service is. left with ye above sd 
committee, the town ratifying and confirming what ye above sd committee 
shall do about ye premises above said. Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 97 

The building was finished in the early fall of 1728 and, at the 
annual town meeting in December of that year, the town "voted, 
that ye selectmen shall take care of ye school and are hereby authorized 
and empowered to hire a schoolmaster so long as ye overplus money in 
ye town rate will support it." 

For three years, the records show that no definite time was set 
for the continuance of the school, but only as the money should 
hold out. At the annual meeting, Dec. 16, 1731 it was "voted, 
that a school for ye public service of ye town that may well answer 
ye end for promoting of common learning shall be kept this year 
for ye space of six months. To begin as soon as a sufficient school- 
master may be obtained and to be a constant and continued school for 
six months and that it shall be supported and maintained, ye one half by 
ye sd town and ye other half by ye 'schoolers' in proportion to ye time 
which they attend ye school, and that John Golot, Moses Stillson and 
Ephraim Hawley are chosen and appointed to take ye whole care of ye 
school as above voted, the town ratifying and confirming what ye sd 
committee shall do in ye premises. Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

Three years pass, and Dec. 19, 1734, the annual town meeting 
"voted, that Lieut Thomas Skidmore, Stephen Burwell and John Lake be 
a committee in ye behalf of ye sd town to take care of ye school, to lay 
out ye said 14 pounds as far as it shall go for ye maintaining of ye school 
to ye best advantage for ye support of ye school." 

Although permission was given to build a school-house in 1733, 
no definite action was taken until Dec, 1737. There had been 
disagreement as to location that delayed action, and, Jan. 2, 1738, 
a new committee reported. 

"We whose names are underwritten, being appointed a committee to 
fix ye spot or place for erecting a school-house at ye north end of ye 
town above sd, is westerly of ye spot where they, the sd north end, had 
dug for erecting sd school-house is as near ye common road as conveniency 
will allow, where we ye sd committee affixed stakes. 

John Northrop, Moses Stillson, Joseph Botsford, Benjamin Hawley, 
Ephraim Prindle, committee." 

In Dec. 1741, the town "voted, that Ensign John Glover and Abel Booth 
were chosen a committee for ye north school and to provide a sufficient 
school-master for sd work, and lay out half of ye money voted for ye 
school at j'e south end. 

March 1, 1769, voted, "that ye subscribers to a certain instrument for a 
school to be kept at ye Town house shall have liberty to use ye Town 
house for schooling ye six months coming, viz: Jonathan Booth, Doct. 
Lemuel Thomas, Abiel Botsford, and all their associates of sd school." 
This was the first private school held in Newtown. Voted, "Doctor 
Lemuel Thomas and Doctor Nathan Worshburn shall be committee for ye 
south school, Ebenezer Ford and Jonathan Booth for ye north school, 
Robert Summers, Amos Hard and Benjamin Curtis for ye Zoar school, 
Gamaliel French and Benjamin Burr for Huntingtown, Moses Wright, 
Ensign Joseph Prindle and Peter Nichols committee for Tinkerfield school, 
Jonah Sanford and Amos Merchant for Pohtatuck school, ye year en- 
suing." 

Report of the committee appointed at the annual town meeting of Dec. 
10, 1770, to look into the situation of the two schools in Newtown street : 
j "To ye adjourned town meeting of Newtown inhabitants to meet on ye 
I 17th day, instant. Whereas we ye subscribers being appointed a com- 
' mittee to take into consideration ye situation and circumstances of ye 
two schools in sd Newtown called ye north and j'^e south schools, in ye old 
I society, we find yt ye list of ye north school is 3683 pounds, including ye 
list of Capt. Joseph Wheeler, and yt ye scholars are too numerous for 
1 one school, and yt ye northern parts, or Currituck so-called, should be 
i set off for a district and begin north of ye house of Ensign James Black- 
man, then running westerly to New Milford road, leaving ye house of 
Thomas Chambers on ye north and keeping sd road until it strikes ye 



98 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Slut's Hill district then extending northward until it strikes ye 
Obtuse road to ye Lands End brook, and all other parts on districts al- 
ready set off. The school called ye north school to extend northward to 
ye line already given, and to extend so far south as to include ye houses 
of Ebenezer Bristol and Widow Lake, and to be so understood yt ye two 
schools called ye north and ye south schools to enjoy all former privi- 
leges of subscriptions, donations, etc., as usual. The above district of 
Currituck voted exclusive of Thomas Chambers and Gideon Shepherd 
which are to remain to their former school." Jonathan Booth, Samuel 
Beers, Oliver Tousey, Ephraim Sherman, Joseph Wheeler, Committee. 

Attest, Caleb Baldwin, town clerk." 

In Dec, 1771, the town voted "that ye proprietors of ye north school 
shall have liberty to set up a school-house for their district at ye west 
end of ye meeting house about eight rods distance of ye meeting house." 
What friction caused that action we know not. Nothing further 
appears on record as to the matter, showing that the vote never 
materialized. 

"Whereas, at a special Town meeting of the Town of Newtown held 
Saturday, January 5, 1878, at one o'clock p. m., it was voted that the school 
district lines be defined by the selectmen, and the Town clerk make copy 
of the same in a book kept for that purpose. Now, therefore, we the se- 
lectmen of the Town of Newtown for the time being have performed said 
duty with the assistance of Beach Nichols as surveyor and do hereby de- 
fine and fix the lines of the following named districts in the words and 
figures here-in-after set down. Flat Swamp, Gray's Plain, Gregory's Or- 
chard, Half Way River, Hanover, Head of the Meadow, Hopewell, Hunting- 
town, Lake George, Land's End, Middle, Middle Gate, North Center, Pal- 
estine, Potatuck, Sandy Hook, South Center, Taunton, Toddy Hill, Wal- 
nut Tree Hill, Walker's Farms, Wapping and Zoar. Said named dis- 
tricts twenty three in number being all of the districts into which said 
Town of Newtown is at present divided. 

Newtown, April 1, 1878. 

William N. Northrop, W. J. Sanford, William H. Hoy, selectmen. 

Beach Nichols, surveyor. 

Recorded by Charles Henry Peck, Town Clerk." 

Survey of 1878 

Beginning at a point on the highway on East Side of Taunton pond, 74 
rods north of the east and west turnpike, thence southwesterly to the 
south east corner of Taunton pond, thence northwesterly along the east 
shore of sd pond to the north east corner, thence north six degrees west 
to the south line of Robert N. Hawley's Barnabas Hill land (so-called). 
Thence easterly in the south line of sd Hawley's land to the south east cor- 
ner. Thence south easterly one and one half rods to the north west corner of 
Albert Turner's land. Thence easterly on the line between sd Turner 
and Edwin Camp to highway. Thence north 24 degrees 15 minutes, east 
39.74 chains to west side of Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike. Thence 
same course 23.50 chains to danger signal post, at crossing of railroad and 
highway to Lake George, sd signal post being at the corner of Land's 
End, Lake George, Hanover and North Center districts. Thence south 
easterly along the Housatonic railroad to the crossing of highway and 
railroad near the old Brick Yard. Thence southeasterly a straight line 
to the intersection of the Green road with the road across Walnut Tree Hill. 
Thence Southerly on line of sd Highway to the Northeast Corner of 
James Turner's land (formerly Caleb Baldwin's) thence westerly on north 
line of sd Turner's land to the N. west corner near the Foundry pond. 
Thence s. 63 1-4 degrees west to the northwest corner of George C. Peck's 
homestead on West side of Island road, thence southerly on sd road to 
the southeast corner, thence westerly on line to southwest corner, thence 
northerly on west line to a point 2 3-4 rods south of sd Peck's northwest 
corner, thence south 63 1-4 degrees west to the southeast corner of Mrs. 
David H. Johnson's homestead on west side of Carcass lane, thence west- 
erly on south line of sd Johnson's land to Newtown street, thence across 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 99 

J sd street to the north-east corner of David B. Beers' homestead, thence 
westerly in north line of sd Beers land to land of L. B. Booth (formerly 
, David H. Johnson), thence same course across sd Booth's land to high- 
way at southwest corner, thence north 2 degrees west, 41 rods in line of 
, Elmer W. Fairchild on the west and sd Booth and Norman B. Glover on 
the east to the N. W. corner of Norman B. Glover's land, thence on line 
, of stone wall through land of sd Fairchild S. 71 degrees west Zl rods, 
^ thence on sd wall west 52 rods, thence on wall S. 16 degrees E. 5 rods, 
I thence on wall north 88 degrees W. to place of beginning." 

J MIDDLE 

[] First Town House. Built in 1718. Served Also for a School-house 

Until the year 1733, at which time the two districts, North Cen- 
ter and Middle district were formed, and the town voted that the 
people of the north end of the town might build a school-house 
near the house of Abraham Bennitt, provided it be built at their 
own expense, and also voted at the saine meeting that the 
] south end of the town should have liberty to remove the town 
I house (to make way for a new and larger town house) at their 
I own expense to be their school-house, at such place as shall be 
1 thought most convenient for the neighborhood. It was done and 
' the location of the building was where the school-house for the 
Middle District now stands. The school-house for North Center 
I was long time in coming and during the interim all the children 
' were being cared for at the school in Middle district. 

Survey of 1878 

1 "Beginning on the highway east of Taunton Pond seventy-four (74) rods 
I North of the east and west turnpike, thence Southwesterly to the high- 
I way at the southwest corner of sd Pond, Thence Southerly by highway 
I to East and West Turnpike, Thence Southerly by old abandoned road to 
' angle in highway about 50 rods northeast of Mrs. Carroll's house, thence 
I by highway easterly to the Norwalk turnpike, thence northeasterly by 
( highway to the road leading to Palestine, thence southerly on sd Pales- 
tine road to Deep Brook, thence easterly by sd Deep Brook to the bridge 
on highway running past the cemetery, thence northeasterly by sd high- 
I way to the intersection of the road leading to Abel Stillson's house, 
{ thence north 75 degrees east to the southwest corner of Hermon H. Peck's 
home lot on East side of the Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike, thence 
on south line of sd home lot N. 66 degrees east to Deep Brook, thence 
down sd Brook to the South west corner of Roswell Turney's land about 
15 rods upstream from the bridge on Turney's land, thence easterly on 
I the south line of sd Turney's land, thence easterly on the south line of 
the sd Turney's land to the intersection of a straight line 
from Mile Hill Bridge to Mount Tom Brook bridge on Newtown and 
Sandy Hook road, thence northwesterly on sd line to Mt. Tom Brook 
bridge, thence easterly on sd Newtown and Sandy Hook road 24 rods, 
thence north 54 1-2 degrees east between the house and barn of James 
Turner (formerly William Glover) to highway leading to Walnut Tree 
Hill, thence by sd highway to the northeast corner of sd Turner's land 
(formerly Caleb Baldwin), thence westerly on the north line to the north- 
west corner near Foundry pond, thence south 63 1-4 degrees west to the 
northeast corner of George C. Peck's land on Island road, thence south- 
erly on sd road to the southeast corner, thence westerly to southwest 
corner, thence northerly on line of stone fence to a point 2 3-4 rods south 
of sd Peck's northwest corner, thence south 63 1-4 west to southeast cor- 
ner of Mrs. D. H. Johnson's homestead, on west side of Carcass lane, 
Ihence westerly along south line of sd Johnson's land to Newtown street, 
thence across sd street to the north line of D. B. Beers homestead, thence 
westerly on north line of sd Beers' homestead to land of L. B. Booth 



100 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

(formerly D. H. Johnson), thence same course across sd Booth's land to 
Highway at Southwest corner, thence north 2 degrees west 41 rods in 
line of Elmer W. Fairchild on the west and sd Booth and Norman B. 
Glover on the east to the northwest corner of Norman B. Glover's land, 
thence on line of stone wall through land of sd Fairchild south 71 degrees 
west Zl rods, thence on said wall west 52 rods, thence on wall south 16 
degrees east 5 rods, thence on wall north 88 degrees west to place of 
beginning." 

1738 
TAUNTON 

After town action on the several dates concerning the North 
Center and Middle districts, the first record of an out-lying district 
was for Taunton. 

"December 3, 1738, voted and agreed that ye west farm called Taunton 
shall have liberty to build a school-house upon their own charge and to 
have their proportions of money voted for ye school from time to time 
according to their list of rateable estate provided they lay out ye money 
for ye school within ye year." District lines established in 1878: 

"Taunton school district, beginning on the town line between Bethel 
and Newtown on the highest point of Jolley Hill at stone bounds near 
a high rock, thence S 85 degrees E to a stone bounds on highway leading 
southerly from Henry and George Fairchild's residence 4 1-2 rods south 
of William and Henry Fairchild's line, thence in a straight line Easterly 
to highway running northerly from Norman Northrop's residence at the 
line between said Northrop's and William Fairchild's, thence a straight 
line Easterly stone bounds near the sharp angle of old abandoned high- 
way leading Southerly from Taunton Pond, thence Northerly by said old 
road and road west of said Pond to the South west corner of said Pond, thence 
Easterly a straight line to the South East corner, thence Northerly along 
the East shore to the North East corner, thence North 6 degrees West 
to Robert N. Hawley's Barnabas Hill land, thence Westerly in the south 
line of said Hawley's land to the South West corner, thence Westerly a 
straight line to Pond Brook Bridge near Shepaug Railroad crossing, thence 
down Pond Brook to Pokono Brook, thence up Pokono Brook North 
Branch to a rock in fence situated in a marsh the head of Pokono Brook, 
thence north ZZ degrees West to the North West corner of the Town of 
Newtown, thence southerly along town line between Newtown and Bethel 
to place of beginning." 

1745 
ZOAR 

January 20, 1745, the town voted that the eastward farms called 
Zoar shall have the same liberty to set up and carry on schooling 
among themselves as the farmers elsewhere have and to build 
their school-houses without any charge to the town and that Ben- 
jamin Curtis shall be a committee to provide a school master for 
Zoar. The limits of Zoar Easternmost school was established by 
vote in town meeting Dec. 5, 1768. 

"The limits of Zoar Easternmost school shall extend from Zachariah 
Ferris's shop to the Great River at Peter Foot's, including Josiah Piatt, 
and down the road to the Stratford line at Walker's Farm." 

Zoar district originally took in the districts of Zoar, Grey's 
Plain, Half Way River and that portion of Newtown now included 
in the joint district with Sotithbury known as Wapping. Gray's 
Plain was set of? in 1784 and Half Way River and Wapping in 1786. 
Zoar, as given by survey of 1878: 

"Beginning at the mouth of Pole bridge brook on the Housatonic river, 
thence up said brook to a point directly in line with the southeasterly 
corner of Lawrence Mitchell's land on Housatonic river and the south 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 101 

east corner of Cornelia Curtis' land, thence southerly along said line of 
Cornelia Curtis' corner which is on highway leading from Berkshire to 
Bennett's bridge 24 1-2 rods northerly from a small stream crossing said 
road, thence in a straight line westerly to Mile Hill bridge on Pohtatuck 
brook, thence southerly by Pohtatuck Brook to its junction with Saw Mill 
Brook, thence southerly by sd Saw Mill brook west branch to the north 
abuttment of bridge over Saw Mill brook on highway leading from the 
north mouth of the old Lebbon road to the Toddy Hill road, near Cap- 
tain Walter Bradley's residence, thence easterly a straight line to a pile 
of stones on the old Lebbon road near the south east corner of John Kane 
Jr's land, thence in a straight line N. Th degrees E. to the bridge over a 
small stream crossing highway about 40 rods westerly of the High Rock 
road at Lockwood Shepherd house, thence easterly by highway to the 
mouth of the High Rock road, thence northerly to a point on highway 
50 rods west of Frederick Chambers' dwelling house at corner of highway, 
thence easterly by said highway to Gelding Hill Brook between the dwell- 
ing houses of Thomas O. Chambers and Charles Johnson, thence northerly 
by said brook to the Housatonic river, thence northerly by said Housa- 
tonic river to Pole bridge brook, the place of beginning." 

1745 
LAND'S END 

Wiskenear 

At Newtown's town meeting Dec. 9, 1745, it was voted "that all ye north- 
ern inhabitants dwelling within ye township of Newtown, that is to say 
northward of ye Pond Brook and westward of a south line beginning at 
ye New Milford line so as to run 40 rods east of ye Dunnings and to be 
extended to ye above sd Pond Brook, shall have liberty to set up and 
carry on a school among themselves for ye well educating their children 
in reading and writing as ye law aims at, they not putting ye town to any 
charge to build their school-house and that they shall have power ac- 
cording to their list, to draw out their proportion for use aforesaid of ye 
money which this town hath this year voted for ye use of schooling, or 
shall be voted from years to years, so also their proportion of 40 shillings 
upon ye thousand in ye country, ordered by law for promoting of school- 
ing whensoever ye country tax shall be levied on this town and collected. 
These bounds to include Jeremiah Turner as their most southern part 
and Lieutenant Smith was appointed to provide a teacher for Whiskenear 
and Jabez Hurd, collector of ye money." On the twenty-second day of 
Dec, 1779, the town in town meeting voted "that ye inhabitants of ye town 
living on ye main road leading from Newtown to Newbury, from Land's 
End brook to Newbury's south line, extending so far west as to include 
ye Widow Abigail Turner, shall be a district for a school." known by ye 
name of Land's End school, and so it is that the present district 
name dates back to the year 1779, a period of 134 years, in Dec. of 
this year, with the present district lines as established in 1878, 
which are as follows : 

Beginning at a stone monument marked B. and N. on north east side of 
highway leading from Hawleyville Depot, to Danbury. Thence along the 
town line S. 41 degrees W. 34 rods six links to pile of stones on top of 
hill, 11 feet south of a big rock. Thence same coarse 54 rods to pile of 
stones a few feet west of a rock on the line of an old wall, running in a 
north and south direction, said pile of stones being on the corner of New- 
town and Brookfield in the east line of Bethel. Thence S. ZZ degrees, 51 
minutes, E. 6.10 chains to a large rock in fence in a marsh, the head of 
Pokono Brook (North branch). Thence south easterly along said Pokono 
brook to bridge on Highway running south from James Green's residence. 
Thence down Pokono brook to Pond brook. Thence up Pond brook to 
bridge on highway near Shepaug railroad crossing. Thence easterly in a 
straight line to the south west corner of Robert N. Hawley's Barnabas 
Hill land (so-called). Thence in the southerly line to the south east cor- 
ner. Thence south easterly one and one half rods to North West corner 



102 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

of Albert Turner's land. Thence easterly on line to the northeast cor- 
ner on highway leading to Hawleyville from Newtown. Thence north 24 
degrees, 15 minutes east 39.74 chains to west side of Newtown and Bridge- 
port turnpike. Thence same course 23.50 chains to danger signal at rail- 
road crossing at Lake George, said signal being at the corner of Land's 
End, Hanover, Lake George and North Center districts. Thence N. 45 
degrees west 238 rods to point on highway running easterly from R. N. 
Hawley's residence about 60 rods west of James Lake's house. Thence 
north 58 degrees, west 204 rods to Pond brook. Thence north 65 degrees 
west 20 rods Land's End mill on highway. Thence westerly by said high- 
way to the intersection of road at Benjamin Hawley's old house. Thence 
northerly by highway to town line of Brookfield. Thence along said line 
south 41 degrees west to place of beginning." 

1748 
PALESTINE 

At the annual town meeting Dec. 3, 1748, it was "voted that ye limits of 
ye farm called Palestine shall be northward of Mr. John Glover's house, 
so from there running easterly to include Noah Parmelee's house, and 
Ephraim Prindle's and Benjamin Stillson's house, and so on to Abraham 
Beers' house. It was also voted "that all parents or masters who send 
children to school shall find fire wood in proportion to ye scholars they 
shall send, and if any person fail of doing so it shall be in ye power of ye 
school committee to recover their proportion in money by an action of 
debt upon complaint made to j'e Justice of ye Peace, who, upon recovery 
shall forthwith lay out sd money for procuring of wood for ye school or 
answering for ye wood procured before, by reason of ye aforesaid neglect." 
Voted "there shall be two pence upon ye pound of ye list of rateable es- 
tate of ye inhabitants for supporting of ye schools of ye several farms 
and shall stand good for ye year provided they shall keep a good school 
four months of ye year and render an account to ye selectmen that they 
have kept a good school as aforesaid." John Beers was appointed to be 
collector for ye Palestine school. Ye money arising out of ye town shall 
be expended according to their lists, two-thirds in Michalmas and winter 
season and the other third in spring and summer and ye parents, masters 
and mistresses of ye scholars shall add and pay one-third part so much 
money in cash of ye above mentioned seasons to ye support of ye res- 
pective schools in ye limits in which they dwell, that is to say one- third 
part of ye expenses shall be paid by ye scholars, and John Beers shall be 
collector for ye Palestine school. 

Survey of 1878 

Beginning on the Norwalk and Newtown Turnpike at the head of the 
Cireat Bogs, thence by the northeast side of the Great Bogs to the South- 
east corner of W. D. B. Ferris' land, thence northerly in the east line of 
said Ferris' land to highway 32 rods south of the intersection of a road 
running northwesterly to W. D. B. Ferris' residence, thence northerly by 
highway to a point due west from the mouth of a road leading southerly 
from Mrs. Heman Northrop's house on Palestine road to Point of Rocks 
road, thence due west on said line to mouth of said road, thence south- 
easterly in a straight line to the north branch of Pohtatuck Brook or 
river at crossing of Orchard Hill road, to the Piatt's Hill, thence westerly 
by said Piatt's Hill road to its junction with the Hog Swamp road, thence 
southerly by the Hog Swamp road to the southeast corner of Mrs. Her- 
mon Beers homestead, thence west and south in the line of said Beers 
land to brook, thence southerly by said brook to the road leading from 
Jerome H. Botsford's residence to Huntingtown, thence northwesterly by 
said highway to its junction with highway leading from J. H. Botsford's 
to Turney French's saw mill, thence northwesterly by highway to corner 
of highway at the residence of J. H. Botsford's, thence southwesterly by 
highway to the road leading from Hattertown to Dodgingtown, thence 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 103 

northerly by said highway to road leading easterly to heirs of Dr. Bron- 
son's residence, thence westerly to old shut highway to an old cellar, once 
the house of Bill Wells and now owned by Jerome H. Botsford, thence 
northerly to a point on road leading from Dodgingtown to Hattertown 
about six rods south of Wanzer Piatt's dwelling, thence northerly along 
said highway to the S. E. corner of Irving B. Goodsell's homestead (for- 
merly F.zra Morgan's) thence northerly in the east line of said homestead 
to the Palestine road, thence easterly by said road to the southeast corner 
of said Goodsell's land, thence northerly to the southwest corner of the 
Great Bogs, thence northerly by the Great Bogs to Norwalk and New- 
town turnpike at the foot of a hill, thence northeasterly by said turnpike 
to the place of beginning." 

1755 
HANOVER 

Dec. 8, 1755, the town voted "that ye inhabitants of ye farms lying 
northerly of ye two mile brook, so-called in Newtown, shall have ye money 
that arises on their several lists for ye maintaining schooling and others 
that shall join with them providing sd money be laid out among them, 
and Ephraim Botsford was chosen committee-man to take ye care of ye 
schools. — John Northrop, town clerk." 

The several schools did not always depend upon the amount 
apportioned them from the tax levied upon taxable property of the 
town, they at times added to their taxes by voluntary subscrip- 
tion, lengthening the school year. I have in my possession an 
original subscription paper drawn up in 1785, showing the spirit 
the handful of families in Hanover in those early days had which 
I have no doubt is a fair sample of the spirit existing throughout 
the whole community in their anxiety that their children be taught 
in at least the "three R's." "We, the subscribers whose names are 
under-written promise to pay the several sums annexed to our names for 
the purpose of hiring a schoolmaster for the time of five months. Dated 
at Hanover, this 10th day of October, 1785. 

ft s 

James Glover 1 11 

Amos Terrill 11 

Hezekiah Booth 16 

Daniel Glover 16 

Abraham Booth 6 

Roger Terrill 4 

Elijah Foote 6 

Jonathan Sanford 1 

Solomon Sanford 14 

Oliver Pulford 11 

Jonas Sanford 17 

Alexander Sperry 12 

John Glover 12 

Thomas Wheeler 4 

Sum total 9 

Jonathan Sanford was E. L. Johnson's maternal great-grand- 
father. 

Survey of 1878 

"Beginning at the danger signal at crossing of railroad and highway 
leading to Lake George, the corner of Hanover, Lake George, Land's End 
and North Center districts, thence north easterly to Simeon B. Peck's 
corner at Butterfield (so-called) on the Highway leading past Anthony 
McMahon's house, southerly to tunnel, thence N. easterly along the line 



104 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

of said Peck's land, to corner near Highway called the Butty Hill road, 
near the crossing of a small stream running northerly. Thence down 
small stream to Pond Brook. Thence up Pond Brook to the South west 
corner of Thomas Costello's land (formerly A. B. Terrill's). Thence 
northerly in the west line of said Costello's land to the northwest cor- 
ner adjoining the Peter Lake Meadow (so-called) now owned by Mich- 
ael Lillis. Thence in a straight line N. 14 degrees east 255 rods to the 
stone monument in the old saw mill road at the town line between Brook- 
field and Newtown. Thence on said Town line N. 41 degrees east to the 
Housatonic river. Thence down said river to the mouth of the first small 
stream north of the fording place. Thence up said stream a short dis- 
tance to the old Union Bridge, now closed. Thence a straight line to the 
southeast corner of Thomas Cavanaugh's home lot. Thence S. 38 degrees 
west to an elbow in the road leading from Hanover across Walnut Tree 
Hill. Thence southerly by said road to the junction with the Walnut 
Tree Hill road. Thence north westerly by said road to the mouth of the 
Green road. Thence a straight line to the crossing of the railroad and 
highway near the old Brick yard. Thence northerly in line of railroad 
to danger signal, the place of beginning." 

1761 
SOUTH CENTER 

KETTLETOWN 

Jan. 30, 1761, Newtown voted in town meeting "that ye subscribers 
hereafter named, belonging to ye south end of j'e town or south of Deep 
Brook according to their desire shall have ye liberty of setting up a 
school among themselves, and upon their keeping a school so long as may 
be found beneficial for learning their children to reade or wright, etc., 
that then they shall draw their part of ye money appropriated for ye use 
of schools in Newtown. The subscribers are Peter Nichols, John Peck, 
Ephraim Peck, George Terrill, Daniel Baldwin, Henry Peck, Gideon Peck, 
Aaron Peck, Thomas Stillson. Peter Nichols and George Terrill are to 
provide a suitable person to teach and instruct the children in learning 
and Ephraim Peck shall be the committee-man. — Attest, John Northrop, 
town clerk." 

DEEP BROOK 

Dec, 1767, the town voted "that all included in ye circle hereafter men- 
tioned shall be a district for schooling known as Deep Brook school, viz: 
From Lieutenant Samuel Griffin to Eliphalet Hull, Noah Parmelee's, Jr., 
Benjamin Stillson, Gideon Northrop and Abraham Kimberly. Voted, 
William Birtch shall be exempted from ye above school. Voted, Ensign 
John Shoperd shall be committee." 

The school-house for Deep Brook district stood on the triangu- 
lar piece of ground, between three roads, now owned by A. P. 
Smith, editor of the Bee, and near his dwelling. It was called the 
Federal school-house. _ My authority was Abel B. Prindle and 
Town Clerk Charles Henry Peck. 

At the anntial town meeting Dec, 1791, Amos Sherman, Gen. 
John Chandler and John Beach were appointed committee to look 
into uniting the school at the south end of town with the school at 
Tinkerfield. The year following, this above committee reported 
as follows: "Whereas the town at their last meeting appointed 
a committee to examine into the circumstances of the South Center school 
district and Tinkerfield district and make report at this meeting which 
report is as follows: It is the opinion of the committee that the southerly 
center school and that of Tinkerfield district shall be united in one district 
and known as the South Center school district." The report was accepted 
and it was voted in town meeting December, 1792, "that the above two 
schools shall be united and known by the name of the South Center school 
district." 

At the first called Kettletown, a few years later changed to 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 105 

Tinkcrfield, and in 1792 Deep Brook district, also known as South 
Center, was joined with Tinkertield district and given the new name 
of South Center, which name it has since retained. 

Survey of 1878 

"Beginning at the Cold Spring culvert and running northeasterly by 
the Pootatuck brook to the Mile Hill bridge, thence northerly in a direct 
line with the Alount Tom brook bridge to the south line of Roswell 
Turney's land (formerly James Nichols'), thence westerly on said line to 
the southwest corner about IS rods up stream from the bridge across 
Deep Brook on said Turney's land, thence up said Deep Brook to a point 
in line with the south line of Hermon Peck's home lot, thence S. 66 degrees 
W. crossing highway to s:iid Peck's southeast corner of home lot on 
Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike, thence north 75 degrees west to the 
junction of the road leading to Abel Stillson's with the road leading past 
the cemetery, thence southwesterlj' along side of the road to Deep Brook, 
thence Southerly and Easterly by highway past William Stillson's to the 
mouth of the Point of Rocks road, thence southeasterly along said Point 
of Rocks road to its junction with a road leading southerh^ from Pales- 
tine road near heirs of Heman Northrop's dwelling, thence southeasterly 
in a straight line to the north branch of the Pootatuck Brook on Orchard 
Hill road, thence southeasterly along said brook to its junction with 
South branch, thence easterly along Pootatuck brook to Cold Spring cul- 
vert, the place of beginning." 

SLUT'S HILL 

In 1768 the town voted "that all included in ye circle hereafter men- 
tioned shall be a district for schooling known by ye name of Slut's Hill 
school, viz: James Baldwin, Lemuel Sherman, Benjamin Hawley, Jere- 
miah Turner, Junr, and all ye rest within sd limits." The circle included 
the territory now known as Mount Pleasant as far west as Taun- 
ton pond (Quanneapague Lake) and toward Hawley ville on what is 
still known as the "Barnabas road." This district was discontinued 
later. 

17S8 
LAKE GEORGE 

In Jan. 1768, the town voted "that all whose names are hereafter men- 
tioned shall be a district by ye name of Lake George school, viz: From 
Capt Joseph Wheeler to Newbury line, including all whose narnes are 
here annexed: Nehemiah Skidmore, Thomas Lake, Elnathan Skidmore, 
George Smith, Nathan Lake, Joseph Wheeler, Ezra Bryan. Voted, "that 
Nehemiah Skidmore shall be committee." 

In my younger days I heard the district took its name from the 
combination of the names of two men who were foremost in bring- 
ing the matter about. The Christian name of one man was George 
and the surname of the other was Lake. The combination formed, 
"Lake George." 

At the annual town meeting held in the following year, 1769, it was 
voted "that there shall be a tax of one farthing on ye pound for ye use of 
ye schools for ye year ensuing — and that ye rate may be paid in pro- 
visions." It was also voted "that wheat shall be rated at four shillings 
per bushel, rye at two shillings eight pence per bushel, flax six pence per 
pound, Indian corn two shillings six pence per bushel, and oats one shill- 
ing per bushel, for ye school rate of ye year ensuing, and also voted, 
"Ebenezer Bristol shall have thirty shillings as town treasurer for his 
services ye year ensuing." 

Survey of 1878 

Lake George District bounds : "Beginning at the danger signal at cross 



106 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

ing of railroad and highway leading to Lake George (the corner of Han- 
over, Lake George, Land's End and North Center districts), thence north- 
easterly to the northwest corner of Simeon B. Peck's land on highway 
leading past Anthony McMahan's southerly to Tunnel, thence northeast- 
erly along the line of sd Peck's land to the corner near highway called 
Butty Hill road near the crossing of a small stream running northerly, 
thence down sd stream to Pond Brook, thence up Pond Brook to the 
southwest corner of Thomas Costello's land, thence northerly in the 
west line of said Costello's land to the northwest corner adjoining the 
Peter Lake meadow (so-called) now owned by Michael Lillis, thence in a 
straight line north 14 degrees east 255 rods to the stone monument on 
the old saw mill road at the town line between Brookfield and Newtown, 
thence on sd town line S. 41, W. to monument on highway running north- 
erly from Benjamin Hawley's old house, thence southerly on highway to 
its junction with road running easterly, thence easterly along sd road to 
the Land's End Mill, thence S. 65 degrees E. 20 rods to Pond Brook, thence 
S. 58 degrees E. 204 rods to a point about 60 rods west of James Lake's 
house on road leading easterly from Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike 
near Robert N. Hawley's residence, thence S. 45 degrees, E. 238 rods to 
the danger signal above described and the place of beginning." 

1769 
FLAT SWAMP 

At the annual town meeting in Dec, 176Q, it was voted, "that from 
Timothy Shepherd's to Agur Fairchild's and to Daniel Crowfoot's and 
Timothy Piatt and Thomas Roberts and all within ye sd limits shall be a 
district for a school known by ye name of Flat Swamp school and that 
Daniel Crowfoot shall be school committee for ye year." 

In 1878, these boundary lines were run : "Beginning on the Town line 
between Bethel and Newtown on the highest point of Jolly Hill so-called, 
at stone bounds near a high rock, thence southerly along the said Town 
line to the northeast corner bounds of Redding, thence due east to Shut 
Road south of Andrew Barnum's dwelling house, thence northerly by 
said highway to the Jangling Plain road to the old Fairfield County turn- 
pike, thence due east to a point 6 rods south of Wanzer Piatt's house on 
the Monroe turnpike, thence northerly by said turnpike to the southeast 
corner of Irving Goodsell's homestead (formerly Ezra Morgan's), thence 
northerly in the east line of said homestead to the Palestine road, thence 
by said road to the southeast corner of said Goodsell's homestead, thence 
in the east of said homestead to the southeast corner of the Great Bogs, 
thence Northerly' by the Great Bogs to the Norwalk and Newtown turnipke 
at the foot of a hill, thence by said turnpike to Key Hole Rock, thence north- 
erly to a point 60 rods east of bounds near the line between William and 
Henry Fairchild's on highway leading south from Henry and George Fair- 
child's residence and in line with aforesaid bounds and the corners of 
William Fairchild and Norman Northrop on highway east of said highway, 
thence westerly 60 rods along said line to aforesaid bounds 4 1-2 rods south 
along said line between William Fairchild, thence north 85 degrees west 
to place of beginning." 

1779 
SANDY HOOK 

POHTATUCK BROOK 

At the annual town meeting Dec. 22, 1779, it was voted, "that the in- 
habitants living or residing in the following limits, viz: Beginning at 
Josiah Curtis' and to extend easterly on the road to Woodbury to the 
Great River and northerly so far as to include Hezekiah Sanford, shall 
be a district fur schooling and be known by the name of Pohtatuck Brook 
school." 

That lay-out took in all the country from Totn brook on the west 
to the Great river on the east, and along the Great river north- 
ward to the southerly line of Hanover district, extending northwest- 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 107 

erly to the line of beginning, Tom Ijrook. The school-house for 
that large area was on the road to Woodbury, less than half a mile 
east of where Sandy Hook school-house stands, but on the op])osite 
side of the highway. The writer's mother, born in Sandy Hook 
in 1804, attended school there until she was 15. The school-house 
was on what is now known as Gas street, not far in a southerly 
direction from the road that leads over the hill to St. Rose ceme- 
tery. There came a time, too, when, for residents on the plain 
land along the west bank of the Great river, after the Abijah 
Curtiss house (now James Cavanaugh's) was built, (a few others 
living in that vicinity and along toward Hanover), a small school- 
house was built near the edge of the highway that led to Hanover, 
near a house then know as the Dillazon Peck place. This school 
was kept ojjen until 1854, when the children became so few in num- 
ber, that it was given up and the children were received into Sandy 
Hook school. Patrons of the school had been paying teacher's 
salaries ranging from $1.50 a week in summer to from $10 to $12 a 
month with board for a man teacher in the winter. 

"Pootatuck Brook School District," as established by vote of the 
town, in the year 1779, the greater part of which is now included 
in the Sandy Hook school district according to the survey of 1878 
and the remainder of the same is now a portion of the two dis- 
tricts, Pootatuck and Walnut Tree Hill. The boundary lines of 
Sandy Hook district are as follows : 

"Beginning at the southeasterly corner of Lawrence Mitchell's land 
(formerly .A.bijah B. Curtis') on the banks of the Housatonic river about 
10 rods north of a ledge of rocks in river near the western bank, thence 
westerly in a straight line to a point on the west bank of the Pootatuck 
brook or river directly in the line with the said Mitchell's corner and the 
junction of the Union bridge and Pootatuck roads a little north of the 
upper rubber factory in Sandy Hook, thence up said Pootatuck to a small 
stream emptying into said Pootatuck near said upper rubber factory, 
thence westerly in a straight line to the northwest corner of Charles 
Parsons' land on Walnut Tree Hill road near house of Morris Leavey, 
thence southerly along said road to a point six rods north of the Sandy 
Hook and Newtown road, thence south 54 1-2 degrees west 
between the house and barn of James Turney (formerly William Glover) 
to Sandy Hook and Newtown road, thence westerly along said road to 
Mount Tom Brook, thence in a straight line southeasterly to the Mile 
Hill Bridge over the Pootatuck brook or river, thence easterly to the 
southeast corner of Cornelia Curtis' land (formerly Philo Curtis') 24 1-2 
rods north of a small stream crossing the road from Berkshire to Ben- 
nett's Bridge, thence in a straight line northeasterly to Mitchell's corner, 
the place of beginning." 

1779 
POHTATUCK 

The original school-house for Pohtatuck was close by the road 
in the brush, near a little stream near what was then known as 
the Dillazon Peck place, now the home of Mrs. Lester. In 1854, 
there were but seven children of school age, and they were allowed 
to attend school in Sandy Hook. There was no further school in 
Pohtatuck until the district area was increased and lines run as 
they now exist. At Ragged Corner, now Half Way River, the 
first school-house occupied ground on the highway nearer the 



108 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Housatonic river than now. When the main part of the present 
school-house in Sandy Hook was built in 1840, the site was changed 
from Gas Street, one-quarter of a mile beyond its present location. 
The name Pohtatuck Brook had been previously changed to Sandy 
Hook. 

When lines were run for the present district of Pohtatuck in 
1878, it took in that part of Pohtatuck Brook district along the 
west bank of the Great river, and also the Pohtatuck brook valley 
as far up the stream as the upper rubber factory. The present lay- 
out : 

"Corner of Lawrence Alitchell's land (formerly Abijah B. Curtis) on the 
banks of the Housatonic river, about 10 rods north of a ledge of rocks 
in said river near the western bank. Thence westerly in a straight line 
to a point on the west bank of Pootatuck brook or river, directly in line 
with the aforesaid Mitchell's corner and the junction of the Union Bridge 
and Pootatuck roads, a little north of the Upper Rubber factory in Sandy 
Hook. Thence down said Pootatuck to Lawrence Mitchell's dam. Thence 
following said Mitchell's saw mill dam thence following said Mitchell's 
watering ditch to highway near said ^Mitchell's residence. Thence north- 
erly and westerly in line of said higlnvay to fording place on Housatonic 
river. Thence down said river to place of beginning." 

1783 
BEAR HILLS 

Voted, 1783, "that ye limits hereinafter expressed shall be a district for 
schooling by themselves and known by ye name of Bear Hills district, 
viz: Beginning at a monument south of John Merritt at a place called 
Pine Swamp hill, thence running northwesterly betwixt Timothy Tread- 
well's and John Johnson's to Daniel Baldwin's east line of Piatt's hill, 
thence running northerly a straight line to Little Boggs brook." 

UNITING BEAR HILLS AND HUNTINGTOWN DISTRICTS. 

At the annual town meeting in Dec, 1794, Capt. Moses Shepherd 
and Capt. Solomon Glover were appointed committee to examine 
into the circumstances and limits of the two school districts of 
Huntingtown and Bear Hills and make report at the next annual 
meeting. At the annual meeting in Dec, 1795, this committee re- 
ported as follows: "That the two above sd districts unite in one school 
for the term of three years, to be kept near the house of John Brisco on 
condition that the children of Justus Sherwood and William Nickerson 
Ta3'lor shall not be taxed for fire wood and boarding the schoolmaster 
during that time. The report was accepted and voted in the affirmative. 
Caleb Baldwin, town clerk." 

MIDDLE GATE 

The experiment was carried out. but was not repeated. Before 
leaving these districts, we call attention to the spelling of the 
name l^^ear Hills, the writer believes it indicated, not the bare- 
ness of the hills, but a favorite home and haunt of bears. 

The original name given Middle Gate district was Bear Hills, 
changed soon after the Newtown and Bridgeport turnpike was 
opened for traffic. There were three toll gates on the turnpike, one in 
Newtown near the Brookfield line and one on the line between 
Newtown and Monroe, which being midway between the upper 
and lower gate was called Middle Gate which changed the name 
of the school district from Bear Hills: 

In time there came to be families living in a corner of Monroe 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 109 

SO near to jMiddle Gate school, as to wish to be set off to that dis- 
trict. Selectmen of Newtown, acting with those of Monroe, 
changed the southwesterly line between Monroe and Newtown on the 
Guinea road to run eastwardlj- to bounds on Newtown turnpike opposite 
a chestnut tree called the "Five Mile tree," south of the Ambrose Beach 
place, thence in the same direction to the railroad crossing at the Pepper 
Street road near the old Burr place, thence in a northerly direction to the 
place of starting. The change was made under the administra- 
tion of Aaron Sanford and Timothy Costello, selectinen of New- 
town, and Eli B. Seeley, Elbert S. Olmstead and William R. Ferris, 
selectmen of Monroe, April 28, 1886. 

"Beginning on the Town line between Monroe and Newtown at the 
crossing of highway leading from Monroe to Newtown, thence north- 
westerly along said Highway to its junction with the old Lebbon road. 
Thence northwesterly a straight line to the junction of Toddy Hill road 
with the Monroe road, thence northwesterly by said Monroe and New- 
town road to Housatonic railroad, thence northerly by sd railroad to 
the Pootatuck Brook or river, thence by said brook southwesterly to 
Coger's mill, thence in a straight line to the northeast corner of Nathan 
Burr's dwelling house (formerly Peter Shepherd's), thence southerly in a 
straight line to the mouth of the Pine Swamp Hill road, thence south- 
[ westerly bj' said road to the Monroe and Newtown line, thence easterly 
on said line to highway, the place of beginning." 

i 1784 

I GRAY'S PLAIN 

Special town meeting, Feb. 7, 1784, voted, "that the people living at 

I Gray's Plain, that is to say, from Benjamin Lattin's to the Widow Mal- 

I lery's old house, thence to Stratford line by Ebenezer Lewises and all the 

people within said limits shall be a district for schooling and known by 

the name of Gray's Plain district and that Daniel Morris, Junr., shall be 

committee for the district." 

In 1878. these lines were run : "Beginning at a point on highway 50 
. rods west of Frederick Chambers' dwelling house, thence easterly by said 
highway to Gelding Hill Brook between the dwellings of Thomas Cham- 
; hers and Charles Johnson, thence northerly by Gelding Hill Brook to 
Housatonic river, thence southerly by said river to the road leading from 
j the river at Wallace & Son's to Patrick Hartnett's residence, thence west- 
erly by said road to highway leading from Half Way River to Berkshire 
at said Hartnett's, thence south 15 degrees east in the west line of Patrick 
Lynch's land to the southwest corner, thence due south crossing high- 
way at bounds to a pile of stones at foot of Rock Oak in the east line of 
I Alosia Porter's woodland about 30 feet west of a ledge of rocks, said 
; bounds being the corner of Grey's Plain and Walker's Farms on the line 
I of Half Way River district, thence north 66 degrees west to the top of 
Sandy Hill a point 40 rods north of Sandy Hill Brook on High Rock road, 
' thence \Vesterly to a rock 3-4 of a mile northerly from the road leading 
I to Monroe on the Old Lebbon Road, thence northerly by said Old Lebbon 
I Road to a pile of stones on west side near John Kane, Jr., land, thence 
I north IZ degrees east to the bridge over a small stream crossing high- 
way about 40 rods west of the mouth of High Rock road, thence easterly 
by highway to mouth of High Rock road, thence northerly to a point on 
j highway 50 rods west of Frederick Chambers' dwelling to the place of 
beginning." 

i 1784 

HEAD OF MEADOW 

Dec, 1784, voted, "that ye boundaries and limits hereinafter described 

I shall be a district for schooling by themselves known by name of Head of 

I Meadow district, viz: Beginning at a place called the causeway, thence 

running south so far as the top of the Mine hill, from thence eastward 

( to the parting of the paths near Mr. William Northrop's house from 



no NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

thence northeast to the Crooked brook and from thence north to the 
place begun at. Petitioners for the above described district are Samuel 
Gillett, Gideon Northrop, David Shepherd, John Gillett, Nehemiah Birtch, 
George Shepard, Amos Shepard, Moses Gillett, George Northrop, Abra- 
ham Gillett." 

Survey of 1878 

"Beginning at Key Hole Rock, thence southerly by the Norwalk and 
Newtown turnpike to the head of the Great Bogs. Thence by the north 
east side of the Great Bogs to the south east corner of W. D. B. Ferris' 
land. Thence northerly in the east line of said Ferris' land to highway 
32 rods south of the intersection of a road running north westerly to W. 
D. B. Ferris' residence. Thence northerly by highway to a point due 
west from the mouth of a road leading southerly from heirs of Heman 
Northrop's house on Palestine road to Point of Rock's road. Thence due 
east on said line to mouth of said road. Thence south easterly along said 
road to Point of Rock's road. Thence north easterly along said Point 
of Rock's road to mouth. Thence east and north past William Stillson's 
dwelling to Deep Brook Bridge, south of cemetery. Thence up Deep 
Brook to the Palestine road. Thence northerly on said road to Norwalk 
and Newtown turnpike. Thence westerly along said turnpike to a road 
leading to and past Arthur Peck's house. Thence by said road westerly 
to elbow in road about 50 rods N. E. of Mrs Carroll's house, the junction 
of an old abandoned road running northerly. Thence northerly by said 
old abandoned road to stone bounds on said old road near the sharp angle 
of said road. Thence westerly a straight line to the highway at the line 
between William Fairchild and Norman Northrop. Thence to a point 
directly in line and 60 rods east of stone bounds on west side of highway 
4 1-2 rods south of Henry and William Fairchild's corners on road lead- 
ing to Dodgingtown, from Henry and George Fairchild's residence. Thence 
southerly in a direct line to Key Hole Rock, the place of beginning." 

1786 
WAPPING 

Dec, 1786, voted, "that the following petition be granted to the sub- 
scribers, that the limits herein mentioned be a district for schooling by 
themselves, viz : We the subscribers do petition to be set off a district 
by themselves for a school bounded as follows : Beginning at pole bridge 
and running from thence to Carlton bridge, so-called, and from thence 
to take in Nehemiah Knapps, from thence to cross to said bounds begun 
at. Abel Bennitt, Thomas Bennitt, James Bennitt, Richard Bennitt, David 
Rugg, Nehemiah Knapp, petitioners." Survey of 1878. 

"Beginning at the mouth of the Pole bridge brook on the Housatonic 
river, thence northerly by said river to the south easterly corner of Law- 
rence Mitchell's land (formerly Abijah B. Curtis) on the bank of the 
Housatonic river about ten (10) rods north of a ledge of rocks near the 
western shore. Thence southerly in a straight line with the aforesaid 
Mitchell's corner and the south east corner of Cornelia Curtis land (for- 
merly Philo Curtis) to the Pole bridge brook. Thence down said brook 
to its mouth, the place beginning." 

This gives only that part of Wapping district on the Newtown 
side of Housatonic river, and when Newtown children attend the 
school in Wapping, Newtown has to pay Southbury its share of 
school expenses. The town of Southbury was incorporated in May, 
1787. How long after its incorporation Wapping of Southbury and 
Wapping of Newtown became a joint district, Newtown records do 
not tell. 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 111 

1788 
GREGORY'S ORCHARD 

1788, "We, the subscribers, inhabitants of part of Newtown included in 
the following bounds do desire to be set off as a district for keeping and 
maintaining a school. The bounds to be as follows : Beginning at a point 
on the line between Newtown and Redding which shall be due west from 
where the brook crosses the road north of Mr. Jarvis Piatt's dwelling- 
house, thence running east to the south side of where the sd brook crosses 
the road, from thence running easterly to where the Brook called Castle 
Meadow brook crosses the road above Gregories Orchard, so-called, thence 
southeast to the line between Newtown and Weston, thence westerly on 
the line between Newtown and Weston to Redding line, thence northerly 
on the line between Newtown and Redding to the place of beginning. 
Lazarus Beach, John Raymond, Jabez Rowland, Seth Gilbert, Jarvis Piatt, 
petitioners. The above limits voted to be a district for schooling by 
themselves by the name of Gregories Orchard district.— Caleb Baldwin, 
town clerk." 

In 1878, these lines were established: 

"Beginning at the Monroe and Newtown turnpike at shut highway near 
Heirs of Dr. Bronson's spring. Thence westerly in said shut highway to 
old cellar formerly called Bill Wells', now owned by J. H. Botsford. Thence 
southerly in the lines of George R. Parmalee and Charles Short, Andrew 
Northrop, Ralph Benedict to David Somer's land. Thence southerly in 
said Somer's line to Gregory's Orchard and Reading Road, said line being 
nearly straight. Thence southeasterly by highway about 40 rods to the 
north west corner of Albert Edwards Meadow south east of the burying 
ground. Thence southerly in the west line of said meadow to the town 
line between Easton and Newtown. Thence easterly in the Town line 
between Monroe and Newtown to highway leading from Andrew Leaven- 
worth's to Turney French's saw-mill. Thence northerly by said highway 
to the corner of highway at Jerome H. Botsford residence (leaving the 
homesteads of all persons on west side of the said road from Turney 
French's saw mill, south to Town line to be included in Huntingtown 
district). Thence south easterly by highway to Monroe and Newtown 
turnpike. Thence northerly by said turnpike to place of beginning." 

1789 
WALKER'S FARMS 

The original Walker's Farms school district was made up of 
I territory now lying in the town of Monroe. 

Monroe was set off from Himtington, and held its first town 

meeting in June, 1823, The town of Huntington was incorporated 

in 1789. 

In 1878, a survey was made of that part of Walker's Farms 
I school district in the town of Newtown, which reads as follows : 
j "Walker's Farms District. Beginning on the old Lebbon Road at a 

rock 3-4 of a mile northerly from the junction of said road with the road 
( leading from Monroe Centre to Botsford Depot. Thence easterly in a 
( straight line to the top of Sandy Hill at bounds on the Road 40 rods 
I Northerly from Sandy Hill Brook, Thence south 66 degrees east to stone 
I bounds on west side of Highway east of the High Rock Road, Thence 
; same course to the south west corner of Mrs. Alosia Porter's Woodland 

at the sharp angle of the road leading from Granville Latin's to Monroe 

Center, Thence same course to a pile of stones at the foot of a Rock Oak 
I in the east line of Alosia Porter's woodland about 30 feet west of a ledge 
I of rocks, said bounds being the corner of Gray's Plain and Walkers Farms 

on the line of Half Way River Districts, Thence due south to Half Way 
( River, said course being directly in line with the church steeple at Mon- 
( roe Centre, Thence westerly on said River (the town line between Men- 



112 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

roe and Newtown) to highway leading from Monroe Center to Botsford's 
Depot. Thence north westerlj' along said Highway to junction of old 
Lebbon road, thence northerly along said road to rock the place of begin- 
ning." 

"On the 23rd of March, 1886, the selectmen of Newtown and Monroe 
were called upon to change a southerly line that should put a few fam- 
ilies into the Half Way River District. The line agreed upon was, that 
at the end of the Lebbon road the line should run in a straight line to 
the Railroad crossing on the Pepper street road near the old Burr place. 
Thence to a pile of stone on the north side of Highway on the first hill 
east of Lynson Beardsley's. Thence in a north easterly direction to a 
pile of stone on a rock on the west side of the old road leading north 
from Thompson Judson's house. Thence to a large rock on the south side 
of the road 42 rods west of Turkey Roost Bridge. Thence to a pile of stone 
on a rock on the east side of Paul's pond road, about 31 Rods north of 
Michael Curnance house to intersect the Eastern District line. Thence 
northerly following said Road to the first Bridge on the Josie Ring road. 
From thence to a pile of stone between land of George Ferris and the 
heirs of Stephen C. Whitlock on the bank of Half Way River. 

Aaron Sanford 
Timothy Costello 
Samuel F. Tillson 
Selectmen of Newtown. 
Eli B. Seeley 
Elbert Olmstead 
William R. Ferris 
Selectmen of Monroe. 
Dated at Monroe, Conn., March 23, 1886. 

Received for Record, April 28, 1886 and recorded by C. H. Peck, Town 
Clerk." 

1789 
TODDY HILL 

Dec, 1789, voted "that the limits hereafter named, viz: Bounding west- 
erly on Potatuck brook, northerly on Milcses brook, easterly on that 
branch of Mileses brook which runs through John Sherman's saw mill, 
southerly on the bare Hills towards Starlings, shall be a district for school- 
ing and known as Toddy Hill district." 

When Toddy Hill school disctrict was formed, it was made up of 
territory between the district of Zoar on the one side and that of 
Bear Hills on the other. 

The layout as made in 1878: "Beginning at the junction of the old 
L.ebbon road with the road leading from Monroe Center to Newtown, 
thence Northerly along the said Lebbon road to a pile of stones on the 
west side of road near the South East corner of John Keane, Jr's land, 
thence Westerly to the North abutment of the Bridge over the West 
Branch of Saw Mill Brook to its junction with the Pohtatuck Brook, 
thence Southwesterly by Pohtatuck Brook to the Housatonic Railroad, 
thence Southerly by said Railroad to the Monroe road leading to New- 
town, thence South Easterly by said highway to Toddy Hill Road at its 
junction with the Monroe road, thence South Easterly a straight line 
to the old Lebbon Road as described above to the place of beginning." 

1794 
HUNTINGTOWN 

The year in which the town gave Huntingtown people the priv- 
ilege to put tip a school house at their own expense does not appear 
on record, but the records do show that the annual town meet- 
ing held in Dec, 1794, Captain Moses Shepherd and Captain Solo- 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 113 

mon Glover were appointed a committee to examine into the cir- 
cumstances and limits of the two school districts of Himtingtown 
and Bear Hills and make report at the annual meeting in Dec, 
1795. At that meeting the committee reports as follows: "That 
the two above said districts unite in one school for the space of three 
years, to be kept near the house of John Brisco, on condition that the 
children of Justus Sherwood and William Nickerson Taylor shall not be 
taxed for fire wood and boarding the schoolmaster during that time. The 
report was accepted and voted in the affirmative. ' 

Caleb Baldwin, Town Clerk." 

The experiment was carried out though not repeated. 

The lay out in 1878 was as follows: "Beginning at the junction of the 
North and South branches of Pootatuck brook or river and running north 
westerly by the said North branch to the highway called Orchard Hill 
road. Thence south westerly by said road to the Piatt's Hill road. Thence 
westerly by said Piatt's Hill road to its junction with the Hog Swamp 
road to the south east corner of Mrs Harmon Beers' homestead. Thence 
west and south in the line of said Beers land to Brook. Thence south- 
erly by said brook to the road leading from J. H. Botsford's to Hunting- 
town. Thence north westerly by said Highway to its junction with the 
Huntingtown road at John Frank's. Thence southerly by last mentioned 
highway to Monroe and Newtown line including the homesteads of the 
inhabitants living on said road. Thence easterly by Monroe and New- 
town line to the crossing of the Pine Hill road. Thence northerly on said 
road to its junction with road running east and west. Thence northerly 
in a straight line to the northeast corner of Nathan Burr's dwelling house. 
Thence in a straight line northerly to Coger's mill on south branch of 
Potatuck brook. Thence north easterly by said brook to its junction with 
its north branch the place of its beginning." 

1866 
WALNUT TREE HILL 

The layout of Walnut Tree Hill school district was at a later 
date than that of any other and within the recollection of New- 
town people who have not yet passed the meridian of life. It came 
about from the congestion of the schools in Sandy Hook and Poh- 
tatuck, owing to an increased population. The district's history 
dates back to 1866. Dennis C. Gately, at that time superintendent 
of the New York Belting and Packing Co., located in Pohtatuck 
district, was the leading spirit in the movement of a new school 
district. He headed a petition calling the selectmen of the town 
to action and they, with other interested parties, looked over the 
ground and called a special town meeting to act upon the report 
the selectmen were to make. The warning read as follows : "The 
white male inhabitants of the town of Newtown, qualified to vote in town 
meeting are hereby warned to meet at the Town hall in Newtown on 
Monday, March 19, 1866, at two o'clock in the afternoon of said day for the 
purpose of forming and establishing a new school district out of Sandy 
Hook, Hanover and Pohtatuck districts. 

Zerah Fairman, 
David Sanford, 
William L. Terrill, 
David Somers, 

Selectmen." 
The report of the selectmen : "Upon the application of Dennis C. Gately, 
George Botsford and others, residents of the town of Newtown, praying 
for the formation of a new school district to be composed mostlj- from 
Pohtatuck district and partly from the district of Sandy Hook and Han- 
over, the subscribers, after giving notice according to law to the several 



114 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

districts interested in said petition and having enquired into the facts set 
forth by the petitioners, do find that said petition should be granted and 
have therefore laid out a new school district to be called Walnut Tree 
Hill district." 

By unanimous vote, the meeting accepted the report and also the 
layout as made by the selectmen, assisted by others. 

The accepted layout of the district reads as follows: 

"Beginning on the Walnut Tree Hill road at the north west corner of 
Charles Parsons' land near the house of Morris Leavey, thence easterly in 
a straight line to the mouth of a small stream emptying into the Poota- 
tuck river opposite the upper rubber factory, thence down said Pootatuck 
river to Lawrence Mitchell's saw mill dam. thence following said Mit- 
chell's watering ditch to highway near said Mitchell's house, thence north- 
erly and easterly in line of said highway to fording place on Housatonic 
river, thence up said river to the first small stream emptying into said river 
the corner of Hanover district, thence up said stream a short distance to 
the old Union bridge road, now closed, thence a straight line to the south- 
east corner of Thomas Cavanaugh's house lot, thence S 38 degrees W to 
an elbow in the road leading from Hanover across Walnut Tree Hill, 
thence southerly and easterly by said highway to place of beginning." 

In 1865, the year before the new district was laid out, the num- 
ber of tax payers in Pohtatuck district was 48, not including the 
New York Belting and Packing Co., the valuation of whose prop- 
erty in the grand levy was $250,420 and the amount invested in 
business was $200,000. Walnut Tree Hill district first appears in 
the grand levy in 1866 with 699 acres of land, 21 houses, 30 resi- 
dent tax payers and a taxable valuation of $29,783. 

HOPEWELL 

The names of the districts Hopewell, Half Way River and Poh- 
tatuck of the early days do not appear in the list for the reason 
that no record shows when they were given special school priv- 
ileges. Their situation reminds one familiar with the story "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." where Miss Feely asks Topsy when she was born. 
Topsy replies, "Never was born — I 'spect I growd!" So we think 
the above three districts weren't born, only just growd! 

Survey of 1878 

"Beginning at an old cellar formerly called Bill Well's, now owned by 
Jerome H. Botsford. Thence southerly in the lines of George R. Parma- 
lee and George Short, Andrew Northrop's and Ralph Benedict to David 
Somers' land. Thence in said Somer's line to Gregory's Orchard and 
Redding road, said line being nearly straight. Thence south easterly by 
highway about 40 rods to the north west corner of Albert Edward's 
Meadow south east of burying ground. Thence southerly in the west 
line of said meadow to the Town line between Easton and Newtown. 
Thence westerly to the south west corner of the Town of Newtown. 
Thence northerly along Town line to the north east corner of the Town 
of Redding. Thence due east to old shut road running past Andrew Bar- 
num's residence. Thence northerly along said road to the Jangling Plain 
road. Thence easterly along said Jangling Plain road to the old Fair- 
field county turnpike. Thence due east to a point on Monroe turnpike 
6 rods south of Wanzer Piatt's dwelling house. Thence southerly to point 
of beginning." 



NEWTOWN'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS 115 

1884 

HALF WAY RIVER 

Change of South Eastern Boundary in 1884 

"Whereas the District of Half W^ay River having applied to the Select- 
men of Newtown and Monroe to settle and define the south eastern 
boundary line of said district, do therefore by virtue of the powers vested 
in us, describe and establish the southeastern boundary line of said dis- 
trict as follows (viz.) : Commencing at the mouth of Half Way River 
where it empties into the Housatonic following the said river to the 
north Point of Rocks at the great eddy, then running westerly to the 
north west corner of the great eddy where the second brook crosses the 
road leading to Polodore Stevens, then westerly to the stone bridge at 
the junction of road leading past Henry E. Plumb's and the old Monroe 
and Zoar bridge turnpike, then following the said road southerly to a 
[place with a heap of stones at the Bassett's land on said turnpike, then 
westerly following the line of fence between Birdsey McEwen and Albert 
McEwen and that of land formerly owned by Orville McEwen and Walter 
Bradley to a point on Half Way River to meet the district line in Newtown. 

Eli B. Seeley, Selectman of Monroe. 

William L. Terrill, Selectman of Newtown. 

Dated at Newtown, January 4, 1884. Received for record December 
15, 1885. 

C. H. Peck, Town Clerk." 

"The above is a true copy of the original as recorded in Monroe Rec- 
ords, Vol. 8, page 767, as certified to by David A. Nichols, Town Clerk of 
Monroe. C. H. Peck, Town Clerk of Newtown." 

The names of the districts Hopewell, Half Way River and Poh- 
tatuck do not appear in the list for the reason that no record 
'shows when they were given special school privileges, though we 
rind on record that the first district name of Half Way River was 
'Ragged Corner." 

Survey of 1878 

I 

] "Beginning at an Oak tree opposite the Botsford bounds directly op- 

oosite Patrick Hartnett's residence on highway leading from Half Way 

(River to Berkshire. Thence south 15 degrees east in the west line of 

(Patrick Lynch's and to the S. W. corner. Thence due south to a pile of 

(;tones at the foot of a Rock oak in the east line of Alosia Porter's wood- 

' and about 30 feet west of a ledge of rocks, said bounds being the corner 

pf Grey's Plain and Walker's Farms on the line of Half Way River dis- 

':rict. Thence same course to Half Way River, said course being in a 

|iirect line with the church steeple at Monroe Center. Thence easterly by 

laid river to the Housatonic river. Thence northerly by said Housatonic 

:o highway leading from said Housatonic to highway at Patrick Hart- 

lett's. Thence westerly along said highway to bounds at Hartnett's, the 

,>lace of beginning." 



116 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

THE SOUTHERLY HIGHWAY 

"The Southerly Highway" was among the first highways 
laid out in the town after the lay-out of the four highways that 
radiated from the center of town, the easterly toward Woodbury, 
the westerly toward Danbury, the northerly toward New Milford 
and the southerly toward the Stratford line. A long time inter- 
vened in each case before the several lay-outs were passable ex- 
cept on foot or horseback, the only locomotion in these early days 
of the town's development, and for years thereafter. 

The Southerly Highway is the road that intersects what has 
been known for the last 100 years as the Newtown turnpike, now 
a State road. 

About two and one-half miles south of the flag-staff in New- 
town Center, at a point just below the farm of H. N. Greenman, 
still remembered as the Jerome Northrop farm, the road running 
southwesterly through Huntingtown and on toward the Monroe 
line near Blanket Meadow is the Southerly highway. Any one 
familiar with the valley through which it runs cannot help rec- 
ognizing the streams alluded to, but the names of settlers through 
whose land the lay-out ran vanished from the memory of man long 
years gone by. The only original names now known there are 
Gilbert and French. Lay-out of the Southerly highway from its 
intersection with the original lay-ovit of the road known as the 
road to the Stratford line to Castle Meadow brook. 

Whereas, we are well sensible that through long delays, the publick, 
as well as particular persons have been greatly incommoded and dam- 
nified with respect to ye laying out of lands whereby necessary roads 
or highways are prevented being provided, we, moved with such con- 
sideration, with an aim, not only of ye good and necessity of particular 
persons, but of ye general and public good of ye town of Newtown afore- 
said, have undertaken to lay-out, and have actually laid out, a highway 
within ye township of Newtown aforesaid, in manner following, (viz.) 
Beginning at ye northwesterly corner of ye three acre pitch belonging 
to ye heirs of John Treadwell at ye place it turns out of ye public road 
yt runs from Newtown to Stratford, thence running southardly down a 
narrow valley to ye northerly branch of ye Pootatuck brook and over it, 
thence running up ye hill southerly from ye brook in a narrow valley, 
thence southerly as marked trees direct until we come to Mr. Tousey's 
three score acre division on ye southard branch of Pototuck brook, thence 
running for a small space on ye northward side of yt three score acre 
division until we come to a small brook running eastward, thence run- 
ning a few rods on ye northward side of sd brook eight or ten rods, more 
or less, where sd road enters John Golet's fifty acre division with his 
approbation. This road as above described is six rods in width, save all 
Pototuck brook and in j'e low land adjacent to ye brook where it is ten 
rods in width from ye place aforesaid where it enters sd John Golet's 
land, running a few rods westerly, then southerly and within two rods 
eastward of a bunch of rocks and thence running southardly until it 
comes to a piece of springy land, running southwesterly through a leading 
valley until we come to ye northward side of John Griffin's fifty acre 
division, thence southardly to ye Elbo of a great brook where there is 
a great rock in sd Elbo on ye southwestward side of ye sd highway, thence 
southardly to Castle Meadow brook so-called, to ye place from above sd 
Mr. Toucey's sixty acres. 

This road is to be followed according to ye direction of ye marked 
trees and from sd Golet's to Castle Meadow brook sd road is eight rods 
wide. At ye brook we finished our work, the road still to be extended. 

Memorandum — that by agreement with aforesaid John Golet, in con- 



THE SOUTHERLY HIGHWAY 117 

sideration of ye four rods in width that we have taken through sd Golet's 
fifty acres we agree to give to ye sd person three acres of land, two acres 
on ye west side of his fifty acres and so as to extend from above sd road 
to ye northwest corner of above fifty acres, and one acre on ye north end 
or side of sd division of land joining to sd end on ye piece of land on ye 
westward side of ye highway. Ye above work done on ye highway laid 
out this twentieth day of January, 1720, per us. 

Thomas Bennitt, 

Joseph Peck, 

John Golet, 

Selectmen. 

I Recorded February 3, 1720, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

I The lay-out of the Southerly highway as given was accepted by the 
jtown according to this recorded vote: "At a lawful town meeting of 
[the inhabitants of Newtown, holden January 25, 1720, ye southerly high- 
way laid out by ye selectmen as appears of record Folio 1, page 86, from 
ye common road to Castle Meadow brook accepted of and established by 
ye vote of ye town and ordered to be recorded. 

Test, Joseph Peck, Town Clerk. 

I Castle Meadow brook, mentioned as the line for the southern 
end of the lay-out for the Southerly highway, is a stream that has 
lits source in the southwestern corner of Palestine district near 
what is still often spoken of as the "Doctor Bronson" place. Its 
course is southerly through Cranberry swamp and on down the val- 
:ley imtil, in its winding course, it crosses the highway just below 
'the school-house in Gregory's Orchard district, turning southeast- 
erly. It starts as a very small stream but, with east and west 
tributaries swelling its volume as it flows down the valley, it be- 
comes a large stream, spreading out into a broad sheet of water, 
known as Morgan's pond, whose surface is covered with the white 
'blossoms of the pond lily in their season and whose waters breed 
'and fatten myriads of fish of the carp and bullhead species. With 
; nothing to impede the water's flow, it meanders on until, crossing 
{the highway about a half mile below Huntingtown school-house 
I near the home of John Frank, Sr., its waters empty into Pohta- 
tuck brook. 
I 

We know not what the local colony numbered when they called 
jfor a highway, but it proved itself as prosperous as those in other 
parts of the town, shown by a petition to the town authorities "that 
;they may build a school-house." The writer is glad to note among 
ithe names of the petitioners the name, not only of his great-grand- 
{ father, John Johnson, but also the name of his great-great-grand- 
i father, Ichabod Johnson, whose homes were in that locality. The 
jpetition : 

I 

I "We, the subscribers being destitute of a convenient school-house, 

(have agreed to build a schoolhouse and our desire is to be set off by ye 

town as a party for schooling. The subscribers are as followeth : Joseph 
.Griffin, John Tousey, Ichabod Johnson, Garshom Sumers, John Starling, 

John Johnson, Thomas Sharp, Junr., Samuel Griffin, John Bristol, Joseph 
I Bristol, ye 3rd, Richard Nichols, Gamaliel French, Jr., Timothy Treadwell. 

The number of scholars that can attend upon the school is 32. At ye 
I town meeting held December 24, 1764, the above written put to vote and 
(allowed at said meeting. John Northrop, Clerk." 



118 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

From 1720 to 1916 we count 196 years, nineteen decades of 
time have passed and what, for many, many years after the lay-out, 
was only a trail to be followed on foot or by horseback, became at 
last a highway, over which wagons, as they came into use, spring- 
less and fashionless though they were, served their purpose for 
convenience and usefulness until superseded by improved methods 
of transportation. A cosmopolitan people on work or pleasure bent 
are enjoying the fruits of those who did the foundation work there 
in their respective spheres in years long gone by. 



THOSE WHO TOOK FREEMAN'S OATH 

1742 TO 1796 

The fourth volume of Newtown records gives the names of all 
who took the "Freeman's oath" from the 1742 to 1796, a period of 
54 years. This volume being complete, there is every reason to 
believe that 1742 marks the time when the town's people became 
interested enough to want a representative in the affairs of the 
colony at the Cjeneral Court that met alternately at New Haven 
and Hartford, semi-annually, in the months of May and October. 
Nothing shows that Newtown had a representative at the General 
Court until 1747, when the town was represented by Capt. Thomas 
Toucey and Mr. John Northrop. Up to the first town election for 
representation at the General Court, there had been two calls for 
making electors, the first in 1742, when 96 took the Freeman's 
oath ; five years later, in 1747, 36 took the oath, making in all 132 
up to 1747. 

In that year the population of Newtown was 1100 and the list 
of polls and rateable estates returned to the General Court 
amounted to $56,700 in our currency. It was the first return 
made by the town to the General Court, and, in so doing, Newtown 
was entitled to representation. Names of Freemen of this cor- 
poration of Newtown, .A.pril, 1742 — Mr. Elisha Kent, Job Sherman, Esq., 
Deacon John Botsford, Mr. Peter Hubbell, John Gillett, Henry Glover, 
Jeremiah Northrop, Sergeant John Glover, Captain Nathan Baldwin, 
Nathaniel Nickols, Lieut Thomas Skidmore, John Blackman, Benjamin 
Glover, John Sanford, Lieut. Obadiah Wheeler, John Shepard, Joseph 
Botsford, John Northrop, John Leavenworth, Captain Ebenezer Hubbell, 
Joseph Bristol, Abel Beers, Caleb Baldwin, Donald Grant, Moses Botsford, 
Peter Hubbell, Jr., Thomas Leavenworth, Freegrace Adams, John Hull, 
Joseph Bristol, Jr., Jeremiah Turner, Samuel Gillet, John Beers, Job 
Northrop, Moses Botsford, Gideon Botsford, Thomas Northrop, Enos 
Bristol, John Peck, Thomas Toucey, Esq., Moses Stilson, Alexander 
Briant, Samuel Beers, George Terrill, Abraham Bennitt, Daniel Booth, 
Thomas Bennitt, Abel Booth, Ephraim Bennitt, Daniel Beers, James Still- 
son. James Gifford, James Heard, Jr., Samuel Turner. Benoni Sherman, 
Jeremiah Burch, Heth Peck, Henry Botsford, Jr., Lemuel Camp, William 
Sharp, Nathaniel Peck, Benjamin Curtis, James Heard, Lieut. Josephv 
Smith, Benjamin Hawley, Captain Ephraim Peck, John Lake, Peter Ferris, 
Joseph Prindle, Joseph Heard, John Bristol, Nathaniel Brisco, Matthew 
Sherman, Edward Fairchild, Ensign Samuel Summers, Moses Stillson, Jr., 
Thomas Sharp, Ebenezer Bristol, Thomas Tousey, Esq., Doctor James 
Brisco. Nathan Foot, John Sherman, Jonathan Booth, Jr., Lieut Samuel 
Griflin, Stephen Burritt, Caleb Baldwin, Sr., Matthew Curtis, Abel Judson, 
James Brisco, Daniel Foot, Noah Parmalee, David Dunning, Joseph Bots- 
ford, Jr., Joseph Stilson. 

1747 at the second meeting to make electors, 39 took the Free- 
man's oath. From that time to 1796 Freemen's meetings were 
held yearly and the names of all made electors are to be found re- 
corded. 

Electors made in 1747 — Abner Heard, Nehemiah Skidmore, John 
Adams, Ebenezer Sanford, Moses Piatt, Amos Marchant, James Baldwin, 
Benjamin Northrop, Abraham Johnson, Ichabod Johnson, Jonathan Fair- 



120 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

child, James Heard, ye third, Benjamin Stillson, Moses Peck, Jonathan 
Northrop, John Foot, James Fairchild, John Foot, Jr., Benjamin Dunning, 
Abel Botsford, Benjamin Burritt, Abel Dunning, Abraham Beers, Theophil- 
us Nettleton, Josiah Daton, Moses Sanford, John Moger, John Blackman, 
Jr., Abraham Ferris, John Dunnings, Nathan Sherman, Thomas Chambers, 
Abraham Adams, Enos Beardslee, Nathan Hubbell, Jedediah Hubbell, 
Jeremiah Johnson, Ephraim Peck, Gideon Booth. 

For 1747, we no doubt have the names of those who reached 
their majority after 1742 with perhaps a few hold overs when the 
first list was made in 1742. Meetings held in x\pril of each year. 

1748 — Benjamin Mallory Ebenezer Booth, Richard Hubbell, Hezekiah 
Lyon, Abraham Kimberly, Andrew Wheeler, Ichabod Hubbell, Joseph 
Gunn ; 1749 — Joseph Peck Joshua Northrop; 1750 — Richard Fairman, Dr. 
Timothy Shepherd, Agur Fairchild, Stephen Parmalee, John Lake, Jr., 
Ephraim Sherman ; 1751 — Nathan Lake, Nathan Burritt, George Terrill, 
John Skidmore, Abraham Bristol, William Burch, Samuel Summers, David 
Sherman, Ephraim Lake, Ephraim Blackman, Henry Peck; 1752 — John 
Camp, Joseph Bristol, 3d, John Griffin, Daniel Winton, Nathan Baldwin, 
Abraham Hard, Joseph Wheeler, Benoni Hendrixson, Ephraim Adams, 
Nehemiah Curtis, Joel Sherman; 1753 — Gideon Baldwin; 1754 — Ebenezer 
Fairchild, Amos Northrop, Daniel Foot ; 1755 — Samuel Sanford, John Plat, 
Peter Nichols, Michael Dunning; 1756^Amos Heard, Obadiah Wheeler, 
Jr., James Blackman, Jonathan Terrill, John Febreque, Joseph Prindle, 
Cornelius Bristol, Aaron Peck, John Glover, Jr., 1757 — Ebenezer Ford; 
1758 — none; 1759 — Dr. Samuel Thomas, Caleb Baldwin, 3d, Jabez Baldwin, 
Stephen Pierson ; 1760 — none; 1761 — Lieut Abel Prindle, Daniel Baldwin, 
Henry Glover, Jr.; 1762 — Benjamin Curtis, Jr., Elijah Botsford, John Beach, 
Ezra Northrop, Thomas Roberts, Thomas Lake, Richard Smith, Samuel 
Burwell, William Hawley, Zadock Sherman, Abel Hurd, Jonathan Sher- 
man, Amos Smith, Samuel Camp, Mr. John Beach, Obadiah Wheeler, Abijah 
Curtis, Joseph Blackman, Miel Peck, Jonathan Prjndle, Joseph Smith, 
Arnold Glover, Lemuel Sherman, Jabez Botsford, Jehoshaphat Prindle, 
Thomas Ford, Jr., James Glover, Abraham Booth, Thomas Skidmur, Ger- 
shom Summers, Ezra Bryan, Thomas Tousey, Heth Peck, Jr., Abraham 
Bennett, Stillman Hubbell, Joel Camp, Zalmon Tousey, Benjamin Nichols, 
Oliver Tousey. 

1763 — Abel Botsford, Richard Nichols, Roger Terrill, Isaac Botsford, 
Joel Botsford, Elijah Stillson, Zadock Hard, Ruben Booth, Henry Peck. 

1764 — Joseph Griffin, Samuel Ferris, Theophilus Hard, Elijah Nichols, 
Abel Curtis, William Burwell, Ebenezer Peck, Abraham Kimberly, Job 
BristoU, Seth Fairchild, Samuel French. 

1765 — Amos Botsford, Benjamin Stillson, Jr., Zachariah Clark, Abner 
Griffiin, Gamaliel French, Eliphalet Hull, Joel Prindle, Daniel Foot, 
Thomas Sanford. 

1766 — Nathan Woshburn, William Wright, Bailey Stillson, Ezra Peck, 
Nathan Peck, Jr., Robert Thompson, Neiram Hard, Abel Booth, Jr., Daniel 
Glover, Lemuel Wheeler. 

1767 — John Judson, Ebenezer Booth, Samuel Prindle, Peter Dunning, 
Nathaniel Northrop, Daniel Booth. Jr., Daniel Jackson, Joel Bassitt, An- 
drew Duning, John Shepherd, Jr., Neirum Curtiss, Daniel Peck, Benjamin 
Northrop, Jr. 

1768 — Ichabod Fairman, Abel Baldwin, Andrew Stilson, Josiah Lacey, 
Samuel Peck, Henry Peck, Esq., Eleazer Burritt, Jeptha Hubbell, Matthew 
Curtis, Eli Dunning, Richard Fairman, Matthew Curtis, Jr., Abraham 
Botsford, Jabez Botsford, Esq., Caleb Baldwin, Esq., Lieut. Amos Terrill, 
Joshua Hatch, Jared Dunning, Silas Hubbell, Asa Cogswell, Fitch Kim- 
berly, Henry Wood, Oliver Fairchild, Captain Joseph Smith, Nathan Sher- 
man. 

1769 — Samuel Sanford, Henry Fairman, Abel Bennitt, John Peck, Mat- 
thew Curtis, Jr., William Hall, Joseph Ferris, Jared Botsford, Nathaniel 
Towner. 

1770 — Asa Chambers, Abel Judson, Jr., Joseph Hatch, Abial Booth, Enos 
Northrop, Nathan Norton, Amos Burritt, Amos Peck, Elnathan Skidmur, 



THOSE WHO TOOK THE OATH OF FIDELITY 121 

Peter Hatch, Isaiah Northrop, Cyrenus Hard, Zachariah Brown, Jonathan 
Bardslee, Theophilus Nichols, James Sanford. 

1771— Moses Plat. Jr., John Hard, Asher Peck, David Peck. 

1772 — Zachariah Ferriss, Jabez Peck, Gershum Jackson, Ebenezer John- 
son, Moses Botsford, Jr., Nathan Ferris, Nathan Prindle, John Beers, Jr., 
Noah Parmalee, Thomas Stilson. 

From 1772 to 1777, there is no record of any having been made 
electors. The years between those dates marked the exciting 
period that culminated in the war of the Revolution. 

THOSE WHO TOOK THE FREEMAN'S OATH IN 1776, ALSO THOSE 
WHO TOOK THE "OATH OF FIDELITY" FROM 1777 TO 1791. 

"Freemen admitted and taking the Freeman's oath in the town 
of Newtown in the Independent State of Connecticut on Septem- 
ber the 16th, 1777," the number was 48: 

Deacon A. Bennett Elijah Botsford, Asa Cogswell 

Lieutenant N. Brisco Lieut. H. Fairman Fitch Kimberly 

Captain J. Northrop Henry Peck, Esq. Enos Northrop 

Lieutenant J. Botsford Eleazer Burritt Silas Fairchild 

George Terrill Jeptha Hubbell James Fairchild, Jr. 

Joshua Northrop Mr. Matthew Curtis Jonathan Beardslee 

Gideon Botsford Eli Dunning Henry Wood 

Abraham Bennett, Jr. Richard Fairman Oliver Fairchild 

Ezra Peck Matthew Curtis, Jr. ^ Capt. Joseph Smith 

Abel Baldwin Abraham Botsford Nathan Sherman 

Captain J. Wheeler Jabez Botsford, Jr. Josiah Beardslee 

James Fairchild Caleb Baldwin Ebenezer Fairchild 

Samuel Brown Lieut. Amos Terrill Doctor James Sanford 

Matthew Baldwin Joshua Hatch Ebenezer Smith 

Lieut. B. Summers Jared Dunning Moses Piatt 

Capt. B. Dunning Silas Hubbell Josiah Piatt 

The same year, 1777, 73 Freemen came before a justice of the 
peace and took the oath of fidelity showing to the world, and pos- 
terity, that they were willing to sacrifice, in defence of principles 
set forth by the Declaration of Independence. November 11, 1913. 

Mr. E. L. Johnson : 

Dear Sir : Your articles on Newtown in the War of the Revolution in- 
terest me very much. I know that Newtown was a Tory town and that 
many if not the most of my ancestors were either pronounced Tories or 
luke-warm patriots. I would like to know whether any of those who 
bore the names of were sufficiently patriotic to come for- 
ward and take the oath of allegiance between 1776 and 1783. I thought it 
barely possible that my great-grand-father might have done so, as he had 
two .'>ons in the Continental army, supposed to have lost their lives dur- 
ing the Ridgefield-Danbury troubles, as nothing was ever afterwards 
heard from them. I know that my great-grandfather, father of my mother's 
mother, was a noted or notorious Tory and for disloyal speech was obliged 
to sneak out of the State for one year to avoid arrest. It is possible there 
was some overt act of his in connection with others in striving to avoid 
assessment of taxes for war purposes, that his speech in an unguarded 
moment disclosed. I presume naturally many of the Tories in Newtown 
were members of the Church of England, hence their loyalty to the King. 
The writer is glad that the name of his paternal great-grandfather 
appears in the list of those who were first to take the oath in 1777. 
His son, Ezra, then a boy five years old, became in time grandfather 
of the writer. The great-grandfather's name was John Johnson. 

The oath of fidelity to which freemen were obliged to subscribe 
before they could exercise the rights that accrued to them when 
they had taken the freeman's oath : 



122 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

"You do swear by the ever-living God that you will truly and faithfully 
adhere to and maintain the government established in this state under 
the authority of the people, agreeable to the laws in force within the 
same, and that you believe in your conscience that the King of Great 
Britain hath not, nor of right ought to have any authority or dominion 
in or over this state, and that you do not hold yourself bound to yield 
any allegiance or obedience to him within the same, and that you will, 
to the unmost of your power, maintain and defend the freedom, inde- 
pendance and privileges of this state against all open enemies or traitor- 
ous conspiracies whatsoever, so help you God. And no person shall have 
authority to execute any of the offices aforesaid after the first day of 
January next, until he hath taken said oath, and all persons who hereafter 
shall be appointed to any of said offices shall take said oath before they 
enter upon the execution of their offices. And no freemen within this 
state shall be allowed to vote in the election of any of the officers of 
government until he hath taken the aforesaid oath in the open freemans' 
meeting in the town where he dwells." 

"Names of those persons that have appeared to take the oath of 
fidehty prescribed by the General Assembly of this state at a Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State of Connecticut holden at Hartford in 
said state on the second Thursday of May, A. D., 1777." 

Newtown, Aug. 25, 1777, personally appeared and took the oath of fidelity: 

Caleb Baldwin, Jr. Thomas Sharp John Smith 

Jabez Botsford, Esq. David Jackson 1779 

George Terrill Joseph Gunn Thomas Wheeler 

Lieut. B. Summers John Keeler Birdsey Glover 

Richard Fairman Abel Smith William Edmond 

James Fairchild, Jr. David Peck Theophilus Nichols 

Fitch Kimberly Abraham Lewis Liverius Peck 

Moses Shepherd Abel Gunn John Beach 

Elijah Botsford Isaac Hawley Josiah Beardslee, Jr. 

Lieut. N. Brisco Rev. Thomas Brooks Zalmon Peck 

John Botsford Nathan Burritt John Hard 

Lieut. H. Fairman Amos Northrop Andrew Stilson 

Nathaniel Barnum Capt. Abel Botsford Joshua Peck 

Eleazer Burritt Gamaliel French David Hinman 

Nathan Curtis Thomas Ford Matthew Hall 

Joshua Northrop John Skidmore 1780 

Josiah Beardslee Nathan Washburn Nehemiah Strong 

Abel Baldwin James Glover Lewis F. Sherman 

Capt. J. Northrop Eleazer Lacy John Hard 

Amos Burritt David Curtis George Foot, Jr. 

Elijah Foot Daniel Sherman 1781 

Eli Dunning ', Nathaniel Bunnill Jotham Sherman 

Henry Wood Daniel Morris James Shepherd 

David Baldwin Roger Hendrix Joel Prindle 

Gideon Botsford Col. John Chandler Abiel Booth 

Silas Hubbell Reuben Dunning 1782 

Oliver Fairchild Reuben Taylor Amos Bennett 

Abraham Baldwin Silas Hepburn Abel Foot 

Capt. Richard Smith John Johnson Reuben Terrill 

Nirum Summers Abel Johnson Hezekiah Dayton 

Levy Bostwick Joseph Botsford John Summers 

Ephraim Jackson Abel F"oot John Blackman, Jr. 

John Bunnill 1778 Josiah Fairchild 

Gershum Jackson Daniel Glover Abel Skidmore 

Samuel Hawley Capt. Joseph Prindle Amos Sherman 

David Jackson, Jr. Lazarus Prindle Nehemiah Curtiss 

Ezra Birch David Meeker Abijah Curtiss 

James Prindle Cyrus Prindle Stephen Crofoot 

Ezra Dunning Jabez Baldwin 1783 

Abraham Kimberly Abraham Baldwin John Fabrique 

Clement Botsford William Allen Jehosephat Prindle 



THOSE WHO TOOK THE OATH OF FIDELITY 



123 



Ezra Sherman 
George Sample 
Hezekiah Booth 
Capt. Peter Nichols 
Capt. John Glover 
Daniel Glover 
Francis Pierce 
Zalmon Booth 
Cyrus Beers 
Cyrennius Hard 
Amos Hard 
Nirum Hard 
Reuben Booth 
Solomon Glover 
Ichabod Fairman 
Joseph Foot 
Henry Glover, Jr. 
Elisha Wooster 
Zalmon Tousey, Jr. 
Salmon Curtiss 
Stephen Burwell, Jr. 
James Thomas 
Ammon Hard 
Levi Peck 
John Crawf:>rd 
John Beach, Jr. 
Truman Blackman 
Caleb Bennitt 
Theophilus Botsford 
Salmon Glover 
Roger Terrill 
Nathaniel Peck 
Daniel Terrill 
Elijah Peck 
Alpheus Fairchild 
Curtis Hard 
Andrew Griffin 
Abel Win ton 
Abraham Wheeler 
Truman Sherman 
Reuben Curtiss 
James Foot 
Elias Beardslee 
Philo Parmalee 
Timothy Treadwell 
Eli Peck 
Nirom Curtis 
Abraham Booth 
Nathaniel Judson 
Amos Griffin 
Isaac Tousey 
Samuel Beers 
Nathaniel Northrop 
Daniel C. Sanford 
Daniel Humphrey 
Capt. E. Kimberly 
William Hall 
Josiah Blackman 
Jonathan Booth 
Capt. John Blackman 
Capt. Henry Glover 
James Bennett 

Three hundred and 



Zachariah Clark 
Isaac Trowbridge 
Abel Ferris 
Seth Griffin 
Jonah Summers 
Clark Baldwin 
Ammon H ird 
Daniel Baldwin 
Zachariah Ferry 
Lemuel Thomas 
Abner Hard 
Oliver Beers 
Dr. Bennett Perry 
Asher Peck 
Enoch Peck 
Joseph Bristol, Jr. 
Moses Peck 
Isaac Peck 
Joseph Blackman 
Gideon Peck 
David Bristol 
Reuben Adams 
John Judson 
Jacob Stilson 
Abel Judson 
Luke Lattin 
Matthew Peck 
Isaac Blackman 
John Fairchild 
Stephen Shepard 
Truman Beers 

1784 
Samuel French 
Amiel Peck 
Samuel Peck 
Benjamin Cook 
Abel Booth 
Peter Lake 
Ephraim Lake 
Joseph Bristol 
Seth Fairchild 
Philo Tousey 
William Burwell 
Philo Fairchild 
Abraham Beers 
Abel Prindle 
Asa Chambers 
Abel Tousey 
John Walker 
Jabez Peck 
Philo Curtiss 
Samuel Sanford 

1785 
Theophilus Hurd 
John Beers. Jr. 
Benjamin Stillson, Jr. 
Elijah Nichols 
Thomas Stilson 
Philo Norton 
George Peck 
Enos Johnson 
Obadiah Wheeler 
Elias Beers 
nine in all with good 



Joseph B. Wheeler 
Moses Botsford 
Curtis Wainwright 
Nathaniel Brisco, Jr. 
Peter Clark Hull 
John Bostwick 
Andrew Northrop 
David Judson 
Nathan Camp 
David Botsford 
Capt. Joseph Hepburn 
Samuel Beardslee, Jr. 
Elijah Hard 
John Bassitt 
Amos Shepherd 
Dr. Preserve Wood 
Ahijah Hard 
George Northrop 
Eli Wheeler 
Gideon Bostford, Jr. 
Elijah Stillson 
Joseph Hard 
Birdsey Glover 
Andrew Beers 
Joseph Stillson 
Gideon Dunning 
George Shepherd 
George Northrop 
Josiah Haves 

1786 
Elias Glover 
William Northrop 
Ebenezer Booth 
Luther Harris 
Wait Northrop 
Drake Northrop 
Benjamin Hawley 
Noadiah Warner 

1787 
Daniel Baldwin 
Robert Summers 
Gold Curtiss 
Zenas Washburn 
Daniel Botsford 
Vine Botsford 
William Birch, Jr. 
Eldad Tenney 
James Hendrix 
Jabez Beers 
Samuel Trowbridge 

1788 
Donald Tousey 
David Tousev 

1789 
Zadock Fairchild 
Jonathan Fairchild 
David Booth 

1790 
John W Chandler 
Moses Kent Botsford 
Clement Fairchild 
Ezekiel Fairchild 

old Anglo-Saxon names. 



124 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



THOSE WHO TOOK THE FREEMAN'S OATH 



1778 

Capt. Richard Smith 

Lieut. Amos Northrop 

Amos Smith 

Abel Gunn 

David Peck 

Ezra Birch 

Mr. Joseph Gunn 

Col. John Chandler 

Reuben Taylor 

David Curtis 

Job Bunnill 

Moses Shepherd 

1779 
Amos Burritt 
Isaac Hawley 
Joseph Botsford 
James Glover 
David Judson 
Nathan Camp 
John Johnson 
Abel Johnson 
Gershom Jackson 

1780 
John Botswick 
Capt. Joseph Hepburn 
Abraham Kimberly 
Benjamin Burr 
Dr. Preserve Wood 

1781 
David Baldwin 

1782 
Ephraim Sherman 
Ephraim Jackson 
Jabez Gerould 
Gideon Dunning 
George Shepherd 
George Northrop 
Josiah Hayes 
Gideon Botsford, Jr. 
Clement Botsford 

1783 
David Meeker 
Hezekiah Booth 
John Hard 
Daniel Glover 
Capt. Peter Nichols 
Josiah Fairchild 
Theophilus Nichols 
Abraham Baldwin 
George Foot, Jr. 
John Summers 
Abiel Booth 
Mr. Nehemiah Strong 
Mr. William Edmond 
Capt. Abel Botsford 
Thomas Ford 
Capt. John Glover, Jr. 
Amos Hard 
Henry Glover, Jr. 
Hezekiah Dayton 
Zachariah Clark 
John Hard 



Zedekiah Morgan 
Curtis Hard 
Cyrenius Hard 
Andrew Beers 
John Beach 
Josiah Beardslee 
Thomas Bennitt 
Solomon Glover 
Abel Skidmore 
Nirom Hard 
Abijah Curtiss 
Zalmon Peck 
Ebenezer Beers 
Capt. John Blackman 
William Hall 
John Peck 
Abram Booth 
Amos Skidmur 
Zalmon Booth 
John Blackman, Jr. 
Jonathan Booth 
Capt. Henry Glover 
James Bennitt 
1784 
Zachariah Ferris 
Liverius Peck 
Amos Hard 
Daniel Baldwin 
Abel Booth 
Nehemiah Curtis 
Lewis Sherman 
Samuel Peck 
Clark Baldwin 
David Beers 
Auriel Peck 
Ebenezer Sherman 
James Foot 
Capt. Joseph Prindle 
Benjamin Curtis 
Peter Lake 
Dr. Bennitt Perry 
John Smith 
John Sanford, Jr. 
Samuel Ferris 
Seth Fairchild 
Ephraim Lake 
Joseph Bristol 
John Fairchild 
John Beach, Jr. 
Abel Bennitt 
Lemuel Nichols 
Moses Peck 
Cyrus Beers 
Solomon Sanford 
Salmon Glover 
Salmon Curtis 
Isaac Peck 
Philo Tousey 
Reuben Booth 
Eli Wheeler 
Philo Fairchild 
Amos Sherman 
Oliver Beers 



Stephen Crofut 
Truman Beers 
William Burwell 
Abraham Beers 

1785 
Elijah Nichols 
David Hinman 
Philo Norton 
Thomas Stilson 
Jotham Sherman 
Amos Bennitt 
George Peck 
Reuben Curtis 
Isaac Tousey 
Lemuel Thomas 
Cyrus Prindle 
Theophilus Hard 
Abel Tousey 
Enos Peck 
Isaac Trobridge 
Enos Johnson 
Joseph Foot 
John Judson 
Abel Judson 
Elijah Hull 
Nathaniel Northrop 
Benjamin Stillson 
Ezra Sherman 
Asher Peck 
Joseph B. Wheeler 
Reuben Terill 

1786 
John Skidmur 
Nathaniel Judson 
Ezra Northrop 
Richard Bennitt 
Asa Chambers 
Niron Curtis 
John Beers, Junr. 
Jonathan Prindle 
Abel Hurd 
Theophilus Hurd 
Peter Fairchild 
Zalmon Tousey, Junr. 
Julius Camp 
Josiah Blackman 
Michael Parks 
Isaac Baldwin 
Ephraim Peck, Junr. 
Ebenezer Sanford 

1787 
Noadiah Warner 
Josiah Curtis 
Moses Botsford 
Rev. Zephaniah Smith 
Asa Northrop 
Wait Northrop 
William Northrop 
Niron Botsford 
Luther Harris 
Ebenezer Booth 
Elias Glover 
Drake Northrop 



THOSE WHO TOOK THE FREEMAN'S OATH 



125 



Ebenezer Mallery 
Benjamin Hawley 
Robert Summers 
Abel Ferris 
Daniel Croof 
Gold Curtis 

1788 
Jacob Stilson 
Donald Tousey 
David Tousey 
Daniel Baldwin 
Lazarus Prindle 

1789 
Doctor Philo Perry 
Captain Abijah Hard 
Zadock P'airchild 
Jonathan Fairchild 
David Booth 

1790 
Mr Ephraim Sherman 
John Winthrop 
Moss Kent Botsford 
Clement Fairchild 
Ezekiel Fairchild 
Joal Camp 
Oliver Clark Hurd 
Philo Curtis 
Levi Peck 
Sueton Baldwin 
Josiah Tomlinson 
Stephen Gilbert 
Elias Glover 
Lockwood Winton 

1791 
David Fabrique 
Ezra Perry 
Dr. Benjamin Curtis 
Joal Booth 
Beeman Peet Warner 
Isaac Sanford 
John Lott 
Ziba Blakesly 

1792 
John Wooster Camp 
John Curtis 
Amon Skidmur 
Caleb Bennitt 
Abijah Birdsey Curtis 
Lazarus Hard 
Zachariah Clark, Junr. 
Moses Beardslee 
Stephen Taylor 
Oliver Bancroft 
Elias Beardslee 
Joseph Blackman, Jr. 
Daniel Blackman 
Capt. Vine Botsford 

1793 
Simeon Glover 
Daniel Clark Sanford 
David Nichols 
Ransford Baldwin 
Daniel Prindle 
Joseph Ferris 
Hugh Murphe 



Lewis Hubbell 
Agur Beardslee 
Andrew Wheeler 
John Hubbell 
Abel Curtis 
James Clark 
Truman Fairchild 

1794 
Peter Northrop 
Alpheus Fairchild 
Birdsey Glover 
Job Nickerson 
Austin Beers 
Israel Botsford 
Elnathan Skidmur 
Philo Booth 
Eli Beers 

Ebenezer Ford Bennitt 
Jotham Hawley 
Lemuel Hawley 
Roger Terrill 
Silas Burton Judson 
Patten Murry 
Jacob Raymond 
David Starling 
John Mallery 
Joseph Nichols 
Isaac Wells 
John Starling Beers 
Leir Fairchild 
Joseph Fairchild 
Daniel Booth 
Stephen Burv/ell 
Cyrenius Peck 
Andrew Hare 
David Peck, Junr. 

1795 
Reuben Hull Booth 
Ebenezer Turner 
Lampson Birch 
John Walker 
David Curtis Deforest 
Daniel Sherwood 
Elias Beers 
Joseph Wheeler, Junr. 
David Curtis 

1796 
Elijah Judson 
Gideon Baldwin 
Enoch Peck 
Daniel Sheperd 
Caleb Baldwin, Junr. 
Samuel Beers, Junr. 
Amos Shepard 
Philo Beardslee 
Benony Hendrj'x 
Red Wheeler 
Henry Botsford 
Richard Botsford 
Daniel Perry 
Gideon Peck 
Mr Samuel Beers 
Simeon Beers 
Simeon Shepard, Junr. 
Hermon Warner 



Joel Prindle 
Reuben Griffin 
Collins Chapman 
Benjamin Curtis, 3rd 
Isaac Bennitc 
Stephen Sanford 
Peter Finch 
Oliver Tousey, Junr. 
William Nickerson 
Abel Nichols 
Webb Tomlinson, Esq. 
Stephen Crofut, Junr. 

1797 
Amos Hard, Junr. 
Gideon Lattin 
Cyrus Hard 
Cyrenius Hard, Junr. 
Asa Chapman 
Amon Beers 
Philo Baldwin 
Isaac Crofutt 
Bailey Foot 
Michael Baldwin, Esq. 

1798 
Jonathan Booth 
Samuel C. Blackman 
Charles Burroughs 
Samuel Booth 
Thomas B. Botsford 
Isaac Wheeler 
Jared Brace 
Rufus Peck 
Josiah Burroughs 
David Lake 

1799 
Daniel Beers, Junr. 
Beach Tomlinson 
Daniel Botsford 
Timothy Shepard 
David Edmund 
John Clark 
William H. Fairchild 
Lazarus Stilson 
Richard Judson 
David Summers 
Wheeler Fairchild 
Ezekiel Bennitt 
Cyrenius Beers 
Adonirum Fairchild 
Ezra Curtis 

Joseph Stevens Adams 
Nathaniel F. King 
Samuel Lane Judson 
Samuel Northrop 
Daniel Morris 
Peter Stilson 
Eli Crofut 
Capt. Amos Morris 
Dan Chapman 
Nathanial Dikeman 
Ezra Lake 
John Turner 
Zenas Stilson 
Mark F. Hatch 
Joseph Perry 



126 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



1800 

Edward Foot 
Jacob Johnson 
Alanson Northrop 
Ezra H. Johnson 
John Shepard 
Lemuel Peck 
Martin Botsford 
James Peck 
Andrew Peck, Junr. 
Eden Birchard 
Josirh Glover 
James B. Stilson 
Riverius Prindle 
John Northrop, Junr. 
Ebenezer Peck, Junr. 
Nathan Peck, Junr. 
Daniel Ferris 
Dan Peck 

Daniel Booth, Junr. 
Daniel Nichols 
David Booth, Junr. 
Elihu Crofoot 
Zalmon Taylor 
Lemuel Foot 
John Baldwin 
Abel Prindle 
Pattern M. Blackman 
Eli Peck 
Jarvis Piatt 
Seth Gilbert 
Abel Beers, 3rd 
John Turner 
Eliakim Sharp 
Micajah Nash 
Benjamin Hard 
Dennis Nash 
Linus Sherman 
Daniel Comstock 
Daniel Hawley 
John Skidmur 
John Gillett 
Philo Foot 
Joseph Hawley 
John Brisco 
Andrew Griffin 
Daniel Peck 

1801 
James Glover, Junr. 
Amos N. Sanford 
David Pulford 
Ezia Glover 
Joseph Sherman 
Mathew Sherman 
Ezra Sherman 
Zardis Sherman 
Lemuel Camp 
Elnathan Peck 
James Masters 
Fldad Prindle 
John Botsford 
Elias Glover, Junr. 
David Wheeler 
David Edwards 
Henry Glover 



Elijah Jennings 
Abner Judson 
Jotham B. Sherman 
Amos Peclc 

1S02 
Turney Peck 
Justus Raymond 
Gould St John 

1803 
John Hall, Junr. 
Nathan Shepard 
David Parmelee 
Elisha Gilbert 
George M. Shepard 
Elijah Gilbert 
Truman Peck 
Jonathan Peck 
Andrew Shepard, Junr. 
Zalmon Beers 
Samuel Trowbridge 
Amos Smith 
Hezekiah Northrop 
John Botsford, Junr, 
Richard D. Shepard 
Aaron Beardslee 
Abram B. Ferris 
Billy Hall 
Joshua Chapin 
Abijah Merritt 
Eli Hall 

Isaac Tomlinson 
Isaac Piatt 
Peter Foot, Junr. 
Thomas Roberts 
Amos Parmelee 
Joseph Tousey 
Jacob Beers 
David S. Blackman 
Ammon Shepard 
Eliphalet B. Bradley 
Isaac Skidmore 
David Lyon 
Jabez Hawley 
John Raymond 
Justus Piatt 
Ebenezer Crofut 
Miles Johnson 
Jabez Rowland 
.A.aron Wheeler 
Ephraim Piatt 
Isaac Briscoe 
John Crofut 
Zalmon Roberts 
Squire Knapp 
Zalmon Lake 
Samuel Peck, Junr. 

1804 
Moses Beardslee, Junr. 
Abner Anson Nettleton 
Hezekiah Rowland 
Nathaniel Parmelee 
Isaac Scudder 
Joseph Wilkinson 
Elias B. Crofut 
Abram Botsford 



Peter C. Hull 
Marcus B. Parmelee 
John Griffin 
Ebenezer Griffin 
Joseph Rowland 
John Northrop 
Thomas Botsford 
Samuel Staples 
Daniel Hard 
Joseph Griffin 
John Lake 
Andrew Clark 
Ichabod Johnson 
Samuel Hubbell 
Asahel Booth, Junr. 
Timothy Jordan 
John Peck, Junr. 
Jonathan Goodsell 
Lemuel Landers 
Amos Terrill 
Jeremiah Beers 
Judson Peck 
David Beers 
Sherman Botsford 
Philo Botsford 
Abiiah Bradley 
Asa Dikeman 
Albert Edwards 
John Johnson, Junr. 
John Underbill 
James Terrili 
Thomas Welch 
David Piatt 
Joseph B. Barlow 
Tared Bradley 
Elihu Crofut. Junr. 
Samuel Watkins 
Lemuel Sheperd 
Philo Sherman 
Zalmon Sanford 

1805 
Nathan Turner 
Thomas W. Peck 
Jacob Camp 
Nathan Piatt 
Zalmon Hall 
Ethiel Starr 
Samuel Blackman 
Truman Blackman 
Charles Prince 
Agur Lewis 
Samuel Camp 
Ichabod Gilbert 
.A.bel Beardsley 
Cyrus Sherman 
Jabez Sherman 
Elijah Sherman 
John Beardsley 
Benjamin C. Glover 
Edward Booth 
Cyrus Fairchild 
Nathan Lattin 
Daniel Morris, Junr. 
Andrew Crofut 
Josiah Piatt 



THOSE WHO TOOK THE FREEMAN'S OATH 127 

James Morris Thomas Beers 181S 

Truman Sherman William Botsford Abiel K. Botsford 

John Bristoll Daniel Wells Zar Winton 

Isaiah Northrop Holbrook Curtis Abraham Peck 

Lyman Edwards Ebenezer Beers, Junr. Philo Beers, Junr. 

Joseph Booth John Glover Josiah Wetmore 

-Thomas Sanford Joseph Dick Henry Beers 

Moses Gillet David Jennings Peter Perry 

Isaac Peck, Junr. 1810 Joseph Crofut 

Kiah B. Fairchild David C. Peck Jonah Sanford, Junr, 

Silas N. Glover Nehemiah Skidmore William Hubbell 

Hawley Stilson Marcus Botsford Zachariah Prindle 

Peter Shepard Ezra Gilbert Abner Beers 

Alfred D. Curtis Clark Sherman Ambrose Baldwin 

Nichols Curtis Eleazer Hawley James B. Fairchild 

David Judson Heber Foot 1816 

I Silas Camp David V. B. Baldwin Ziba Glover 

Anson Judson jgU Zerah Judson 

Philo Gilbert Philo Baldwin Beera P. Summers 

Job S. Terrill Abel S Hawley Solomon Timanus 

Philo Beardslee Ebenetus Curtis Woosler Peck 

Jonathan S. Fairchild David Clark Prosper A. Foot 

Ezra H. Jennings Joseph Bennitt John Hendricks 

Lemuel Fairchild Stephen Nichols Villeroy Glover 

Roswell L. Sherwood p^^^j. NJchols Kli Piatt 

Ephraim Hubbell James Wheeler Benjamin F. Shelton 

j allies Mc Ray 2iba Fairchild David Underbill 

Zalmon Northrop g^^^ Fairchiild Nathan B. Sherman 

^ ^ . .^^^ Edmond B. Peck Oliver Peck 

Job Lattin, Junr. Amos G. Peck 

, Zechariah Tomlinson Thomas Blackman J^^n Curtis. Junr. 

Joseph Burritt r^,T. ' ri' .f^.n Lue L. Sherman 

John B. Wheeler mnll A^ireh^use Robert Middlebrook 

Nathaniel Brisco. Jr. Daniel Morehouse EU^ha Mills 

Moss K. Botsford. Jr. Amason Washburn John Hawlev 
Abner Beardslee 1813 jgl'y 

David Peck Thaddeus Staples Phjio Curtis, Junr. 

'James Thomas Samuel lousey EHsha Curtis 

Andrew Sherman Amos Parker Hurlburt Cone 

Nathaniel B. Nichols Amos Wells Clarke Fairchild 

' James F. Beardslee Philo Sherman, Junr. Gideon B. Ferris 

* Obadiah N. Wheeler Ezekial Peck Philo Northrop 

I Simeon S. Blackman Levi Jackson David French 

' Gershom Summers Abram Prindle James Northrop 

i 1807 Lemuel Hawley David Stilson 

Richard Peck Cyrus B. Glover Abraham Bennitt 

I Ebenezer H. Fairchild Jabez B. Botsford Samuel P Glover 

I Eli Winton 1814 Levi E. Jordan 

Charles Hotchkiss Smith Wheeler Cyrenus Northrop 

Arnold Foote Andrew Northrop Grandison Clark 

, Sueton Shepard Orman Sherman Hiram Shepard 

I Agur Blackman Reuben Shepard Ziba Perry 

' 1808 Martin Judson Eliel Crofut 

I Amos H. Wheeler Philo ^L Jordan Lucius Clark 

I Theophiliis Botsford Daniel Botsford, Junr. Abel Bennitt ,Junr. 

' Ii't^" ^- "^^"'^y Silas Fairchild, Junr. Thomas Seely 

Warren Wallace Oliver Northrop Lawrenus Shepard 

I Simeon Underbill Ezra Jennings Calvin Hvde 

i Rhesa Foot Walter Northrop William Piatt 

Eh Bennitt Gould Curtis, Junr. Samuel Staples, Junr. 

I Jpsiah Sanford Henry Shepard Abner Blackman 

Thomas Dibble Squire Dibble Peter Lewis 

I Zachariah Dunkum Ira Fairchild Wheeler Bennitt 

tri-- L o ^^P'^ James Staples Henry Nichols 

( Elijah Sanford James Boyer Philip A. Cannon 



128 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



Bailey Beardslee 
Amariah Beers 
John Beers 
David B. Botsford 
Elijah Botsford 
David Taylor 
Squire V. Smith 
Charles Shepard 
Austin Booth 
Tyrus Hawley 
Israel Peck 
Abner Peck 
Russell Tousey 
Philo Whitney 
John Skidmore 
Abraham Beardslee 
James Bennitt, Junr. 
Norman Northrop 
Moses Beardslee, 3rd. 
John Judson 
Daniel Skidmore 
Glover Skidmore 
Zar Keeler 

1818 
Harry Glover 
Winthrop Fairchild 
Samuel N. Sanford 
Eli Hard 
Josiah Wheeler 
Charles Botsford 
Harry T Hill 
Wheeler Cable 
Jabez Taylor 
William B. Warner 
Hezekiah Curtis 
Ariellus Hamlin 
Ephraim P. Wetmore 
Josiah Fairchild, Junr. 
Joseph Shepard 
Philo Tousey, Junr. 
Nathan J. Wilcoxon 
Botsford Terrill 
Hiram Curtis 
Rufus L. Parmalee 
Thomas S. Ferris 
Cyrus Hyde 
Henry Deane 
David Sherman 
Charles Sherman 
Abijah Rowell 
John Curtis, 3d. 
Isaac Drew 
Thomas O. Chambers 
Nirom Shepard 
Joseph Smith, 3d. 
Philo Parmelee 
Philo Sanford 
John Sherman, Junr. 
David A. Gilbert 
Donald Baldwin 
Andrew B. Glover 
Theophilus Nichols 
Philo Bennitt 

1819 
Abijah Beach Curtis 



Simeon Nichols 
Joel Bassett 
Harry Sherman 
Ezekiel Beers 
Eli Hawley 
Jeremiah Trowbridge 
Walter Fairchild 
Joseph D. Wheeler 
John L. Hubbell 
Eleazer Dibble 
David M. Birch 
Elam Crofut 
Levi Parmelee 
Levi Taylor 
Beeman Fairchild 
John Hawley 
Isaac Underbill 
Rufus Shepard 
Everitt Clark 
Philo U. Piatt 
.Samuel Fairchild 
Stephen L. Crofut 
Nathaniel Mallory 
Philo Lake 

1820 
Abiel B. Glover 
David Curtis 
Henry Peck 
George Bradley 
Abijah Bradley, Junr. 
Lyman Lake 
George Shepard, Junr. 
Gideon S. Beers 
Harry Piatt 
Hezekiah Piatt 

1821 
Cyrenius H. Booth 
Henry S. Hill 
John Sanford, Junr. 
David Nash 
Anson Hubbell 
Simeon Shepard 
Jotham B. Hawley 
Silas Jennings 
Seth Prindle 
Josiah Botsford 

1822 
Alexander Hall 
Charles Chapman 
Rufus Summers 
Charles Glover 
Austin N. Botsford 
Marcus B. Summers 
Levi Fairchild 
Hiram Parmelee 
Burtis Fairchild 
Henry R. Lott 
Philo Fairchild, Junr. 
Daniel Curtis 
Truman Sherman 

1823 
Seth Rogers 
James E. Glover 
Charles B. Booth 
MacPherson Sherman 



Gideon B. Botsford 
Simeon N. Beers 
Sylvester N. Beers 
Sylvester Beers 
Alben Hall 
Nelson Tongue 
Sylvanus Piatt 
Hart Shepard 
Isaac Blackman 
Hiram Fairchild 
Cyrus D. Fairchild 
Davis S. Sweet 

1824 
John Wetmore 
William Hayes 
Samuel B. Peck 
Isaac Nichols 
Daniel Baldwin 
John Nash 

Theodore B. Botsford 
Norman Tuttle 
Ezra Gray 
Daniel Brisco 
Joel T. Camp 
Edwin Botsford 
Levi Drew 
George Benedict 
Boyle Fairchild 
John Wallace 
Abel Whitney 
Marcus Fairchild 
Amos Curtis Sanford 
Lemuel Beers 
Edward Wheeler 
John Lake, Junr. 
Cyrus Camp 

1825 
Horace M. Shepard 
Henry Dutton 
William P. Edmonds 
Charles Johnson 
Walter Clark 
Nathan Johnson 
Lucius Peck 
William Blakely 
John B. Beers 
Dibble Camp 
Levi Peck 

Solomon W. Stevens 
Agur Perry 
Beers Fairchild 
Charles Clark 
Ziba Blackman 
Norman Beers 
Hiram Baily 
Hermon Fairchild 
Russell D. Smith 
Abel Dibble 
William B. Taylor 
Erastus Hull 
Charles Peck 
Ezra Piatt 
Asa B. Beardslee 
Lewis S. Brisco 



THOSE WHO TOOK THE FREEMANS OATH 



129 



Amos J. Hard 
Jesse Beardslee 
Thomas B. Barnum 
Abel B. Terrill 
Nichols B. Lake 
John C Wilkinson 
Orrin Tongue 
Lauriston Sherman 
Jared Botsford, Junr. 
Burton E. Clark 
Ebenezer Dikeman 
Charles T. Chafeen 
Luther Camp 
Charles Curtis 
William M. Shepard 
Walter Johnson 
David W. Griffin 
Rufus Skidmore 

1826 

Ives Glover 
Joseph B. Curtis 

I Eli S. Lattin 
Taylor Judd 
Samuel B. Benedict 
Hermon Parmelee 
Daniel Shepard 
Abram Winton 
Luzon Crofut 

JGeorge Botsford 
Glover Hawley 
Oliver Summers 
Reuben Northrop 

1827 

Harson Twitchell 
'Wilton Beardslee 
iCharles Blakeslee 
Elnathan Stillson 
jHermon Hill 
I Stephen M, Downs 
[Joseph M. Hubbell 
1 'Kbel Tousey 
f|Turney French 
William Baldwin 
IRobert Edmond 
Moss Fairchild 
iDavid J. Glover 
,Hermon Beers 
I Wooster Taylor 
'Samuel Blakeslee 
iGeorge Blackman 
jjCharles Northrop 
ijStephen Merwin 

1828 

IBeach Camp 

I Thomas D. Shepard 
5eth Gilbert 
Fotham Sherman 
ioseph Perry 
vVilliam G. Smith 
Preston Durant 

Ifabez B. Peck 
Fohn B. Nichols 



1829 

David B. Beers 
Isaac Stilson 
Orrin Raymond 
Joseph Nettleton 
Joseph Sherman, Junr. 
Aledad Bradley 
Roswell Lake 
Abel B. Skidmore 
William Stebbins 
Albert Edwards, Jr. 
Charles T. Hard 
Joshua H. Taylor 
Drusus Nichols 
Starr Shepard 
Auraunah Fairchild 
Joseph Ferris, Junr. 
Alfred Blackman 
Daniel B. Hawley 
David T Taylor 
Alark E. Leavenworth 
William Beard 

1830 

Israel A. Beardslee 
Philander Sharp 
Thomas Ward 
John C. Booth 
Daniel S. Bulkley 
Sherman J. Sharp 
Delauzan Peck 
Thomas Ward 
Herman Peck 
John L. Fairchild 
Ezra Morgan 
Isaac Blackman 
Wheeler Shepard 
Levan W. Merritt 

1831 
Isaiah S. Tomlinson 
Herman S. Thorpe 
Isaac Beers 
Elias Johnson 
Sidney Middlebrook 
Orrin Shepard 
We.lter Glover 
Granville S. Glover 
John Glover 
Russell Wheeler 
Roswell Glover 
Roswell Wheeler 
Norman B. Glover 
James A. Burritt 
Hiram Camp 
Joseph Blackman, Jr. 
Warren Fairchild 
James Foot 
Charles C. Warner 
Charles L. Stillson 
Norman Tongue 
Jacob Mayhew 
John Beers 
Anthony Mygatt 
Ezra Patch 
Alonzo German 



James G. Blackman 
Harry W. Tucker 
Charles Brisco 
Jotham Stilson 
Walter Blackman 
.A.bijah Hard 
Carlos Shepard 
David Taylor, Junr. 
Charles Fairman 
George C. Peck 
Isaac B. Scudder 
Samuel B. Blackman 
Benjamin Hawley 
John R. Skidmore 
Samuel B. Hawley 
Samuel P. Botsford 
Charles C. Beers 
William H. Peck 
Abel F. Gillett 
Jerome Middlebrook 
Abram Jarvis 
Amos Hard 
Horace B. Dibble 
Jacob Mayhew, Junr. 

1832 
Justus Thompson 
Samuel M. Turney 
Hanford Hull 
Thomas B. Taylor 
Alonzo Taylor 
Lucius Middlebrook 
Alva B. Beecher 
Isaac F. Holtstander 
Walter Lake 
William B. Glover 
Thaddeus H. Nichols 
Sheldon Blackman 
Ammon Smith 
Albert Prindle 
Elizur Northrop 
Alonzo Johnson 
Abel Stilson 
Bronson Bulkley 
Bennitt Piatt 
George Gilbert 
Marcus H. Parmelee 
lohn Johnson, Junr. 
Tudson Piatt 
Elizur W. Keeler 
Lj-man Smith 
William B. Jennings 
Reuben B. Burroughs 
Hezckiah Peck 
Eli Higgins 
Zadock Sherman 
Amos Foote 
Simeon B. Peck 
James Blackman 
Charles Dikeman 
Reuben N. Griffin 
Isaac Lake 
David Northrop 
George M. Benedict 
Charles Skidmore 
Gershom Dimon 



130 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Sheldon Northrop 1833 Eli W. Blackman 

Joel Thorp Andrew Knapp William Scudder 

Charles Johnson, Junr. Tnimrin Perry Isaac Hawley 

Ammon Williams Agur Clark Joseph G. Ferris 

Joseph B. Fairchild Philo T. I^latr I\-.vid Sanford 

Oliver Evens Elijah B. Terrill Gideon B. Fairchild 

Thomas H. Green James A. Cargill 

NEWTOWN DURING THE REVOLUTION 

We find no allusion in the town journal to the troubles brewing 
between Great Britain and her New England colonies until 1775, 
when, at an adjourned town meeting, March 6, 1775, at the meeting 
house, Mr. Daniel Botsford was chosen moderator and a memorial 
to the General Assembly of the Connecticut colony then in session 
at New Haven was laid before the meeting for consideration and 
action. No living soul of our beautiful town to-day can realize in 
the smallest degree with what dignity and solemnity that body of 
electors who represented the people of the town, that then had a 
population, according to the census of 1774, of 2,229 souls, met to 
express themselves upon the crisis they were soon to be called to 
meet. As yet no shot had been fired, no blood shed, though British 
troops were not so far away but that, on the 19th day of April 
following, the battle of Lexington was fought, when the shot was 
fired which was heard around the world. Paul Revere, a Boston 
patriot on the watch, placed two signal lanterns in the belfry of 
the old Boston North church steeple, and he himself (as the story 
goes) galloped through the country giving the alarm. 

Memorial sent to the General Court at its session in New Haven, 
March 2, 1775, which shows a strong desire to settle the diflferences 
between the colonies and the mother country without war. 

"To the Honorable, the General Assembly of ye Colony of Connecticut 
in New England to be holden at New Haven on the second day of March, 
1775, the memorial of us ye inhabitants of Newtown in Fairfield County 
humbly showeth that your honor memorialists being verj^ sensible and 
deeply afifected with ye distrest estate of ye Colonies in general and this 
Colony in particular respecting ye unhappy differences that now subsists 
between ye parent state and her colonies and also being very apprehensive 
that ye late measures come into by ye late General Congress will not have 
ye desired effect of working an effectual union or reconciliation between 
said state and her colonies, your inemorialists humbly pray your honors 
to take ye distrest estate of this Colony into your wise consideration and 
to adopt such measures as you shall think proper, and to prefer a petition 
to King and Parliament in ye name of ye Assembly who only are known to 
be 3'e representatives of ye people. We further remind your Honors that 
as General Congress or General Councils have always been extremely ex- 
pensive so they have not always answered ye expectations of their con- 
stituents and further we have to observe to your Honors yt as our 
assemblies are ye only legal representatives of ye people they cannot sub- 
stitute any persons to act in their stead and that if another Congress 
should take place and report yt we bind ourselves and our constituents 
it would be ye act and report, not of a committee but of Law makers, and 
again we are filled with amazement at ye dreadful consequences yt must 
take place if ye resolution of ye Congress carried into execution, two large 
towns or more besides ye many thousands, perhaps near one-half of this 
colony who are liege subjects of our Lord and King who have violated no 
law of ye realm, who are deeply affected with ye distrest state of ye 
Colonies, grieved with these acts of Parliament which affect ye interests 
of ye Colonies willing to take all reasonable or Constitutional measures 



NEWTOWN DURING THE REVOLUTION 131 

to obtain redress of ye same, but diflFering from ye late Congress in mode 
of proceeding, only that we should be deprived of those privileges which 
ye law of God, of nature and of compact have give us, we are filled with 
amazement, your Honor petitioners beg leave once more to remind your 
Honors yt eleventh article of the Continental Congress come into and com- 
plied with, doth exclude ye Representatives of those towns from a seat 
in ye house of Representatives for as by ye best authority we can have ye 
town of New Haven on ye 27th day of February last, voted that they, nor 
inhabitants of Newtown or Ridgefield should have entertainment or sub- 
sistence within a town which doth as effectually exclude ye Representa- 
tives of those towns a seat there, as if ye General Assembly had passed it 
into a law of ye Colony, and again as ye Resolutions of General Congress 
in many of their resolves are repugnant to ye charter of this Colony, so 
ye late agreement of ye County Congress at Fairfield is directly in ye face of 
, Magna Charter itself, where it stands enacted no freeman shall be taken 
I or imprisoned or disseased of his freehold or liberties, or exiled, or any 
I otherwise destroyed, and we will not pass sentence upon him, nor condemn 
him but by lawful judgment of his peers or by ye law of ye land. We will 
sell to no man, we will not denj^ or defer to any man either justice or right. 
We beg once more, leave to enquire where 3'e great difference lies between 
ye Honorable upper House and your Honor's petitioners. Your Honors 
have not proceeded to act in ye affair, and your Honors petitioners have 
jonly said they would not act at all. In ye course of our enquiries we 
further find yt ye very existence or being of Congress in matters of legis- 
lation is directly repugnant to English constitution, not only by ye 
concessions of ye Congress themselves, but by their own resolves, as in 
Page 8: 'Resolved, yt it is indisputably necessary to good government and 
rendered essential by ye English Constitution, yt ye constituent branches 
of ye Legislative, be independent of each other, yt therefore the exercise 
of legislative power in several Colonies by a council appointed during 
'pleasure by ye Crown is unconstitutional dangerous and destructive to 
ye freedom of American legislation,' to which it may be answered, yt ye 
council or congress referred to is a council appointed by ye Crown and not 
by a neighboring Colony, which would be a position or construction so 
absurd, that no worshipper of a Congress but would blush to have it 
mentioned, and must then your petitioners with ye many thousands be- 
sides, who have long enjoyed peace and tranquility under auspicious 
reign of our Sovereign and under ye protection of this Assembly must we 
be compelled to quit our native country this once fair and pleasant Land 
iwith all our possessions, our friends, and all yt is near and dear to us and 
Iseek refuge in some gloomy corner of the earth darker than the grave, or 
[must we adopt the doings of ye Congress or is it all a jest? 

Voted, at said meeting, that the above memorial be presented to the 
'Assembly now sitting at New Haven. 
'Newtown, March 6, 1775. 

j Jotham Sherman 

I Zadock Sherman 

i Thomas Skidmore 

Jabez Baldwin 
Test, Caleb Baldwin, Town Clerk. Selectmen. 

In the following year, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was 
signed. The public records of the colony of Connecticut, in its list 
Df names of representatives from the several towns, has the name 
bf Newtown with a blank. Whether the town did not elect, or, if 
elected, they refused to take the oath of office, history does not 
:ell. The General Court met at New Haven in October, 1776, and 
;he first resolution passed by the Assembly was : 

I "We approve of the Declaration of Independance published by said 
[Congress, and that this Colony is and of right ought to be, a free and 
Independent state, and the inhabitants thereof are absolved from all 
illegiance to the British Crown, and all political connections between 
hem and the King of Great Britian is, and ought to totally dissolved." 



132 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

At the session of the General Court at New Haven in May, 1775, 
was enacted what was known as the Tory Act, to guard the colony 
against Toryism. At the annual town meeting of Newtown, Dec. 
5, 1775, the town voted "that a copy of the Tory Act shall be h-.Iden 
and continually kept in the Town Clerk's office and that the other Tory Act 
shall be kept at William Burwell's." 

At the session of the General Court at New Haven in October, 
1776, an act was passed prescribing and enjoining an oath of fidelity 
to the State, which reads: "Whereas, the King of Great^Britain 
hath abdicated the government of this and the other United States of 
America, by putting them out of his protection, and unjustly levying war 
against them, and the said United States by their representatives in General 
Congress assembled by a Declaration bearing date the fourth day of July, 
one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, for the reasons therein men- 
tioned solemnly declared that the united Colonies of North America are, 
and of right ought to be, free and independent states and that they are 
absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political 
connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to 
be, totally dissolved, which Declaration is approved by this Assembly, 
Therefore, it is expedient for the security of this state, that an oath of 
fidelity be taken by the freemen and officers thereof." 

This preamble and resolve was followed by a copy of the oath 
of fidelity, that every freeman was obliged to take, before he could 
be received as an elector. The oath : "Be it enacted by the Gov- 
ernor, Council and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by 
the authority of the same, that all the members of the general Assembly, 
and other officers civil and military, and freemen within the state of Con- 
necticut, shall take the following oath : 'You do swear by the ever-living 
God, that you will truly and faithfully adhere to, and maintain the 
government established in this state under the authority of the people, 
agreeable to the laws in force within the same, and that you believe in 
your conscience that the King of Great Britain hath not, nor of right ought 
to have, any authority or dominion in or over this state, and that you do 
not hold yourself bound to yield any allegiance or obedience to him within 
the same, and that you will, to the utmost of your power, maintain and 
defend the freedom, independence and privileges of this state against all 
open enemies of traitorous conspiracies whatsoever, so help you God.' 
And no person shall have authority to execute any of the offices aforesaid 
after the first day of January next until he hath taken said oath before they 
enter upon the execution of their offices. No freeman within this state 
shall be allowed to vote in the election of any officers of government until 
he hath taken the aforesaid oath in the open freeman's meeting in the 
town where he dwells, and the names of all the freemen who take said 
oath shall be enrolled by the town clerk in the records of the town, which 
oath shall be administered by a magistrate or justice of the peace." 

This went into effect Jan. 1, 1777. That year, the General Court 
opened its sessions on the second Thursday of Alay and August 25, 
and between that year (1777) and 1782, 128 names are recorded as 
having taken the oath of fidelity. At a special meeting, Jan. 6, 1777, 
to consider assent to the articles of Confederation drawn up and 
sent by Congress to the several States, agreeable to a requisition of 
His Excellency, the Governor, it was voted, "that in consequence of 
the above notification and having particularly considered every Article 
by itself, unanimously approve of every article of Confederation as sent by 
Congress to the several States. Resolved, that the Representatives of this 
town transmit the votes of this meeting to the General Assembly of this 
state, approving of every article of Confederation of the United States in 
Congress as the sense of this town that the Delegates of this state be 
empowered by the Assembly to Ratify and confirm the same in Congress." 

The freemen of Newtown were slow in conforming to the law. 



NEWTOWN DURING THE REVOLUTION 133 

and at the May session of the Legislature, Newtown was not rep- 
resented in the General Court. From the time of the signing the 
Declaration of Independence to the close of the war, town meetings 
were held frequently, and information regarding the town's doings 
in helping carry on the war must be gathered from the town rec- 
ords At a special town meeting, April 7, 1777, it was "voted that 
Oliver Tousey, William Burwell and Jonathan Booth be appointed a 
committee to take care of the Excise money. Put to vote whether there 
shall be a committee appointed by this town to take care of such money as 
shall be remitted from time to time by any soldier in the Continental Army 
agreeble to the Governor and Council of Safety bearing date March 18, 
1777, voted in the negative. Put to vote whether we will adhere to the Act 
of this State respecting regulating Trade, voted in the negative. Put to 
vote that the Town shall use their influence to prevent the spreading of 
small-pox by inoculation or some other way in this town, voted in the 
affirmative. 

At a special town meeting, Oct. 6, 1777, Alessrs Eli Dunning, Jabez 
Botsford, Esq., Mathew Curtis, Jr., and George Terrill, shall be committee 
to provide according to the Proclamation of the Governor and Council of 
Safety, September 12, 1777. Voted, that the Town Treasurer shall pur- 
chase wheat and deliver the same to those families belonging in the 
Continental Army, at the prices stated by law." 

"Voted, that Capt. Jabez Botsford and Richard Fairman shall be a com- 

i mittee to take care of and provide necessaries of life for the families of 
those soldiers now in the Continental Army." 

"Voted, that the salt belonging to this town purchased by the state shall 

, be transported from Bedford in Boston state to this place at the expense 

I of the town, and that in a manner that the selectmen shall think most 

' expedient and safe either by land or water." 

"Voted, that the selectmen shall take care of the pig iron allowed to this 
town by the state and that it be forwarded in the best manner to the most 
convenient forge." 

August 25, 26 and 27, these freemen went before Jabez Botsford, justice 

I of the peace and complied with the law: Jabez Botsford, Esq., George 

; Terrill, Lieut. Benjamin Summers, Richard Fairman, James Fairchild, Jr., 
Fitch Kimberley, Moses Shepherd, Elijah Botsford, Lieut. Henry Fairman, 

I Nathaniel Brisco, John Botsford, Nathaniel Barnum.— Caleb Baldwin, Jr., 

I Town Clerk. 

I A noble example of 12 of Newtown's foremost men, who dared 
to become leaders and, with uplifted hand, swear before the ever- 

' living God to uphold and defend, if need be with their lives, the 

j cause espoused in the Declaration of Independence. From August 
25, 1777, to 1791, 337 freemen took the oath of fidelity, when, with 

I the war ended and peace restored, the observance of that law was 

\ no longer required. 

] At the annual town meeting, Dec. 7, 1777, the demands made 

j upon the town by strenuous efforts in prosecution of the war, 

I made an increase of the board of selectmen absolutely necessary 

j and Caleb Baldwin, Jr., Col. John Chandler, Jabez Botsford, Esq., 

, Mr. Nathan Bennett, Mr. Matthew Curtiss, Mr. Joshua Northrop, 

I and Mr. Eli Dunning were chosen for selectmen. 

|l "Voted, Mr. Job Burwell, Abel Baldwin, Josiah Beardslee, Capt, Jonathan 
Northrop, Jared Dunning, George Terrill, Jabez Botsford, Esq., James 

I Glover and Mr. Matthew Curtis, shall be a committee of clothing for the 
soldiers for the year ensuing." 

I "Voted, Mr Isaac Hawley, Ebenezer Smith, Amos Terrill, Gideon 
Botsford, Jabez Botsford, Esq., and James Fairchild, be a committee to 

\ take the care of the families of the soldiers belonging to this town in the 

I Continental Army." 



134 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

In the year 1778, a loan office was established in the several 
colonies to receive such monies as might be offered for loan, and 
commissioners were appointed in each colony to receive loans, for 
which they were to deliver over to the lenders loan certificates 
bearing 4 per cent interest and payable in three years. Caleb 
Baldwin, Esq., was appointed commissioner for Newtown, and the 
loan money was to be used to help furnish the soldiers with things 
most needful. The loans made were 12: Aaron Gregory $70, 
Thomas Brooks £38 lOs, Josiah Beardslee £100, Mary Judson $57 and two- 
thirds, Mary Judson and Thomas Brooks $300, Jonathan Fairchild $600, 
Sarah Baldwin $100, Caleb Baldwin $70, Thomas Brooks, Jr., and Mary 
Judson £38 10s, Caleb Baldwin, Jr., one Continental Loan Office certificate 
$300 also $33 and one-third, Elizabeth Robson $120, Capt. Abel Botsford $120. 
That insubordination existed in Newtown in 1778 is shown by 
this Act passed by the General Assembly in that year : 

Upon a representation made to this Assembly, that the three alarm 
companies formed within the limits of the first society of Newtown in the 
16th Regiment having some time since made choice of persons inimical to 
this and the other United States of America, who for that reason were 
refused commissions, or wholly neglect and refuse to execute their offices 
whereby all the said companies are destitute of officers and by that means 
not in a condition to be called upon to perform military duty for the 
defence of the country. Resolved, by this Assembly, that the colonel or 
chief officer of said Regiment be directed and he is hereby ordered and 
directed to cause legal warning to be given said companies as soon as may 
be, to meet for the purpose of choosing commission officer and lead or 
order them to be led to such choice for their respective companies, and 
in case they neglect or refuse to elect such persons as are qualified accord- 
ing to the laws of this state, to e.xecute such offices that then, the civil 
authority in, and selectmen of Newtown, with the advice of said Colonel 
or chief officer are hereby empowered and directed forthwith to nominate 
such officers as may be necessary, which choice or nomination shall, by 
said Colonel or chief officer be returned to this Assembly, or in the recess 
thereof, to his Excelency the Governor, who is desired to commissionate 
them accordingly, which officers shall immediately proceed to detach their 
quota of men for the Continental Army as soon as the field officers of said 
Regiment have proportioned them to the respective companies, which they 
are hereby directed to do." 

The records show 1778 to have been more free from special town 
meetings than usual. There was routine work of looking after the 
needs of soldiers' families on the part of the committees having 
that duty to perform. Not until July of the following year, was 
there this call for a special town meeting: 

"Advertisement— Notice is hereby given to Newtown inhabitants that 
there is to be a town meeting at the Town House in said town on Monday 
next at five o'clock in the afternoon, to adopt some measures to raise 
moneys to supply the family's of the officers and soldiers belonging to said 
town now in Continental service agreeable to a late resolve of the General 
Assembly and to do any other business necessary. 

Jabez Botsford 
Joshua Northrop 
John Chandler 
Eli Dunning 

Selectmen." 
Newtown, July 10, 1779. 

Meeting met according to the warning. Henry Peck, Esq., appointed 
moderator: "Voted that the committee supplying the officers and soldiers' 
families now in Continental service agreeable to Resolve of the General 
Assembly, May 1779, make and adjast each man's proper proportion (oblig- 
ed by law to pay rates in Newtown^ of the sum of £108 reckoning the 



NEWTOWN DURING THE REVOLUTION 135 

addition of 75 per cent on the prices of grain of the several kinds, and that 
they call on the inhabitants of said Town to return to them immediately or 
at a convenient season said dividend for the use of said families and that 
they make returns of the sum allowed by the Committee of the Pay-table 
once in six months to the Authority and selectmen that a settlement may 
be had agreeable to the minds of this or some future meeting." 

A special town meeting was called for Monday, July 20, 1779, for the 
purpose of "raising a bounty for those who shall enlist into the Continental 
service agreeable to an act of the General Assembly calling for the same. 
Meeting was opened in accordance with the notification. Capt. George 
Terrill was chosen moderator and the meeting was adjourned with out an 
action being taken." 

At a special town meeting, August 31, 1779, it was voted, "that there 
shall be one shilling on the pound on the list of 1775 paid into the town 
treasury to supplj' the committee for the supplying the families of the 
officers and soldiers belonging to this town in the Continental army. The 
meeting taking into consideration the circumstances of Nathan Turner and 
Calvin Turner, now returned from the enemy: Resolved, that the said 
Turner be not admitted to stay in this town." "Voted, that this meeting 
make known to the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut either 
by memorial or some other manner, the circumstances and true situation 
of this town in regard to those unfriendly persons in said town together 
with the reasons of the Friends to the Liberties of America in this town 
entering their protest against the Town Clerk's entering those unfriendly 
persons in the list of those that have taken oath of fidelity. Voted, that 
Jabez Botsford, Esq., Job Burrill and David Curtis shall be a committee of 
cloathing for the soldiers of the Continental army." Voted, "that the com- 
mittee of clothing shall draw orders on the town treasury for such clothing 
as they shall procure for the soldiers and make return to the committee 
of the Pay-table and return such order as they shall obtain, into the town 
treasury." 

A meeting of the Governor and Council of Safety at Hartford in October, 
1779: Resolved, that the selectmen of Newtown receive from Joseph 
Hopkin, Esq., of Waterbury, ten fire-arms belonging to this state, also 
150 pounds of gun-powder from the keeper of powder belonging to this 
state at Ripton, and also 300 flints of Captain George Smith of Hartford, 
they passing their receipts therefor, said selectmen to be responsible. Per 
order of Major Caleb Baldwin, also upon the memorial of Samuel Hazard, 
a refuge from the city of New York, now resident of the town of Newtown, 
showing that when he left New York, he left with some of his friends on 
Long Island considerable effects belonging to himself and family, and 
praying to have liberty to go onto said Island and bring off said effects. 
Resolved, that the said Samuel Hazard have liberty and liberty is hereby 
granted to him to go onto Long Island for the purpose of bringing away 
such effects, he conforming himself to the directions of Thaddeus Betts, 
Esq., of Norwalk, under whose care and inspection he is to conduct in the 
affair." 

Voted, "that Capt. Jabez Botsford shall be collector of the provision tax." 
Voted, "that this meeting reconsider their former vote appointing Mr 
Ephraim Sherman, and appoint Capt. Jabez Botsford to collect and put up 
the whole both flour and meat, except that in the parish of Newberry." 
Voted, "that Mr Eli Dunning be collector of that part of the provision tax 
in the parish of Newbury." 

By order of Newtown's selectmen, Richard Smith, Elijah Bots- 
ford. Eli Dtmning, Abel Botsford, a special town meeting was held 
March 8, 1780, in compliance with a resolve of the General Assembly 
of the State, to appoint a board of Inspectors for better care in the 
inspection of food stipplies furnished for Continental soldiers at 
the front. The meeting was held at the Center schoolhouse. Cap- 
tain Henry Peck was chairman. "Voted that Lieutenant Amos 
Terrill, Mr. Josiah Beardslee, Joshua Hatch, Richard Fairman, Abel 
Baldwin, Captain George Ferris, Captain Elijah Botsford, Mr. Job Bunnill, 
Matthew Curtiss, Junr., Benjamin Burr, Asa Cogswell, Amos Northrop, Eli 



136 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Dunning, Captain Richard Smith, Moses Shepard, Joshua Northrop, Silas 
Fairchild, Captain Benjamin Summers, Mr. Nathan Sherman, shall be a 
committee of Inspectors of Provisions the year ensuing, agreeable to a 
Resolve of the General Assembly passed in January, 1780. Voted, that Mr. 
Abraham Bennitt shall be committee to supply the family of Lieutenant 
Ephraim Kimberley the year ensuing as a soldier in the Continental 
service." Also voted, "Lieutenant Amos Terrill shall be a committee to 
supply the family of Mr. Elijah Foot, a soldier in the Continental Army." 
Also voted, "in order to raise the eight men required for the years service 
to defend the Post at Horseneck, we proceed in the same manner as is 
directed for the Continental soldiers." 

Another special town meeting, July 10, 1780, to raise a bounty 
for those who enlisted in the Continental service agreeable to the 
Act of the General Assembly. The meeting was regularly held at 
6 p. m., July 10, 1780. Captain George Terrill was chosen moder- 
ator, and the meeting was dissolved without taking action. 

A special town meeting, Nov. 13, 1780, to raise the quota of pro- 
visions of said town, agreeable to an act of the General Assembly 
in October, 1780, voted "that Mr. Ephraim Sherman and Mr. Eli 
Dunning be a committee for the purpose of putting up fiour in this town 
for Continental use." Voted, "that Capt. Jabez Botsford and Mr Eli 
Dunning be a committee for the purpose of providing barrells and putting 
up beef and pork required by law for Continental Stores." Voted, "that 
this meeting has no objection to the wives and families of Ephraim Betts 
and Elias Skidmore repairing to Long Island there to tarry with their 
husbands, going under the direction of the authority and selectmen." 

At the annual town meeting in December, 1780, it was voted "that the 
selectmen be a committee to ascertain the number of soldiers now in 
Continental service accounted for this town and make returns of their 
doings at the next meeting." At the adjourned meeting Dec. 25, 1780, it 
was voted "that Mr. Henry Wood, David Judson and Eli Dunning be a 
committee of clothing for the soldiers belonging to Newtown, and that 
Captain Abel Botsford and Ensign Clement Botsford be a committee to 
supply the soldiers' families with provisions for the year ensuing." Voted, 
"that this town will enable commanding officers of the several military 
companies, and the selectmen, to procure, by hireing at the town's cost if 
possible, the men now requested by peremptory detachment and all other 
peremptory detachments from the militia the year ensuing." Voted, "that 
Captain Elijah Botsford, Captain Jabez Botsford, Captain Abel Botsford, 
Captain Benjamin Somers, Captain George Terrill, Captain Richard Smith, 
Mr. Richard Fairman, Caleb Baldwin, Junr., and Joshua Northrop be a 
committee to class the inhabitants of the town for the puropse of filling 
the Continental army." 

At a special town meeting, Jan. 22, 1781, it was voted that Jabez Botsford, 
Esq., shall be collector and receiver of Flour and Grain required of 
Newtown for the Continental Army, and that David Botsford be committee 
of Clothing for the army for the year. On February 14, 1781, another 
special meeting was held to receive returns of the several classes in the 
town, for recruits for the army, and it was voted that Major Caleb Baldwin, 
Colonel John Chandler, Mr. Richard Fairman and Mr. Amos Northrop be 
a committee to receive the returns of the several classes for recruits of 
Continental soldiers in Newtown by the 16th inst., and on failure of any 
class having hired, etc. Voted, that the committee be and they are hereby 
empowered forthwith on such report being made, or failure of said report 
by said day, to pray out a warrant against each and every such neglecting, 
lay for such sum or sums as shall be double the sum necessary to hire a 
man according to the statute and hire said man or see one be hired as 
soon as may be, provided nevertheless that said committee shall have it in 
their power to settle with any such neglecting class, so be it they save the 
town harmless as they shall think fit. Voted, that where any members of 
a class in this town already classed shall neglect to pay his or their pro- 
portion where a class shall hire a man, the committee above mentioned 



NEWTOWN DURING THE REVOLUTION 137 

shall proceed immediately with such individual according to the statute 
in such case accordingly. Voted, this town will indemnify according to the 
above vote, and that they the said committee make report of their pro- 
ceedings at the next town meeting. Voted, that said committee make 
returns of the said Recruits to His Excellency the Governor, at the next 
session of the General Assembly. Voted, that said committee double the 
classes already made in order to raise the eight men required for the year 
service to defend the Post at Horse Neck and proceed in the same manner 
to procure said men as is above directed for the Continental soldiers. 

Special town meeting, April 9, 1781 : Voted, that the selectmen forthwith 
call upon the eight classes made out of the sixteen classes, to raise their 
men for the state guards within six days and that the head of each deficent 
class make report to the said selectmen of the delinquents and that the 
selectmen proceed with them according to the statute respecting raising 
said men and hire, furnish and forward said men with the money they so 
collect so far as it be sufficient. In July, 1781, another special town meeting 
was held to agree upon some measures to raise 4 pence on the pound in 
beef cattle agreeable to an act of the General Assembly of this state and it 
was voted, that there be a rate of two pence on the pound on the list of 
1780 in hard money or beef cattle by the first day of September next. 

Voted that Mr. Richard Fairman and Mr. Eli Dunning be purchasers of 
said beef and that the collector pay over the money he shall collect on 
said rates, to the purchaser of said beef. Voted that the town of Newtown 
stand in the classes they now stand in for supplying the guards at Horse 
Neck. Voted, that the committee appointed to class the town for the 
Continental Recruits the present year adjust the classes for the state 
service the presennt year according to law. 

Feb. 25, 1782, it was voted that the town stand in the classes as they now 
stand for supplying the guards at Horse Neck. 

December, 1783, it was voted that a committee be appointed to examine 
into the matter of the last classing of the town to fill up the Continental 
Army and the state guards and make report at the next town meeting, and 
that Gen. John Chandler and Mr. Nehemiah Strong be the committee for 
that purpose. 

In March, 1782, the town voted that the committee appointed to 
clas.s the town for the Continental Recruits the present year shall 
adjust the classes for the state service according to law. The last 
classing of the town to fill up the Continental Army and the State 
Guards was in the Spring of 1783, when General John Chandler and 
Mr. Nehemiah Strong were appointed committee for that purpose. 

With the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and his army after the 
battle of Yorktown in 1781, the war was practically ended, and no 
further doings of the town are to be found in the town journals 
concerning town care of its soldiers and their families. 

This old pass was found among the papers of the late Mrs Sylvia 
E. Burr of Southbury, whose grandfather. Eliakim Sharp, was 
administrator on the estate of his brother, Thomas Sharp: 

'To whom concerned permit the bearer Thomas Sharp of Newtown to 
pass unmolested to Stamford or Horse Neck and there joyn the Company 
Detached from Colol Bordleys Regt 

pr Jabez Botsford J of Peace Newtown, January ye 9 1781. 

The name Bradley was often spelled Bordley as above. Col Bradley's 
regiment, the Fifth of the "Connecticut Line," Second Brigade, served 
from 1777 to 1781, was at White Plains, Valley Forge, Redding, Morristown 
and Horseneck. 

Letter from Editor of Seymour Record — 

Seymour, Conn., 
November 14, 1913. 
Mr Ezra L. Johnson, 

Dear Sir: I have been much interested in the articles which you are 
furnishing The Bee regarding "Newtown's Place and Doings during the 



138 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Revolutionary War" and thinking you may be publishing later a list of 
those who went from Newtown to serve in the Revolutionary War, I 
enclose a copy of a pass given to my grandfather to return to his regiment 
at Horseneck in 1781. It was the late State Librarian, Mr. Hoadley, who 
told me that the name Bradley was frequently spelled Bordley in the old 
times, and Jabez Botsford 'J of Peace" who signed the pass is doubtless the 
same as is mentioned as Captain Jabez Botsford in your article in the Bee." 
Arthur T. Nettleton loaned me, after the article in the Bee came 
out, a valuable relic of the past, though the hand that penned it had 
mingled with dust more than 100 years ago ; the paper itself was as 
welcome to me as must have been the first olive branch that Noah's 
dove brought to the window of the Ark. This paper has a list of 
names of men in the army of the Revolution who enlisted from 
Newtown, for the preservation of which we are indebted to the 
painstaking care of Charles Henry Peck, who, not many years ago, 
was Newtown's town clerk, ever on the outlook to add to a grow- 
ing cabinet of relics, whatever he could gather of things supersed- 
ed by improved machinery or improved methods, old manuscripts 
and papers with names and doings of those efficient workers and 
helpers in our beautiful town, 100 and 200 years ago. Ainong the 
names is that of Peter Fairchild, ancestor of the wife of Charles 
Henry Peck, whose maiden name was Hannah Fairchild. We have 
living in town other descendants of Peter Fairchild, who bear the 
family name, Arthur Fairchild and his two sons, Arthur and Robert, 
also a daughter, Mary Hazen. All three of the children are grad- 
uates of the Newtown High School, still looking onward and 
upward. The sons are now with the Allies. 

1778 — 1782 — List of Continental soldiers now in service in the Continental 
Army, that answer for Newtown : 

Captain Abel Botsford's company — 
Serg'nt Abel Baldwin, Isaac Baldwin, Samuel Farwether, Nathan Hubbill, 
Bristol Ceaser, Levy Dcolph, Baiily Burritt, Thomas James, Jacob Parsons. 

Captain Richard Smith's company — 
Samuel Brooks, Thomas Brooks, Jacob Pason. 

Captain Elijah Botsford's company — 
ZalnvDn Prindle, Weight Lewis, Lemuel Hubbell, Josiah Terrill, Smith 
Tuttle, Eliphalet Allen, Eleazer Sherman, Nathan Ferriss, Abraham 
Gillette. 

Captain George Terrill's company — 
Nathaniel Osborn, Samuel Anderson, Benjamin Gregory, Abijah Prindle, 
Samuel Atwood. 

Newberry Company — James Sanford, Samuel Lumnus. 

Alarm Company — 
Peter Fairchild, Jack Botsford, negro, John Kimberly, Mathew Marvin. 

During the war, Newtown was free from all raids of the enemy. 
Many of its people were in sympathy with the Crown, and loath to 
take arms against it. The Probate records of Newtown of the 
early days show that in some instances property was confiscated 
and reverted to the colony. One man was hung in Newtown as a 
spy in June, 1777, by order of Brigadier-Gen. Samuel H. Parsons, 
who made his returns "that the execution had been duly performed." 

The census, previous to 1800, was taken once in eight years, and 
the figures show the population of Newtown in 1774 2229, in 1782 
2404, and 1790, 2764. In 1776, we had no representation in the Gen- 
eral Assembly and none in town took the Freeman's oath. That 
was the year when the Declaration of Independence was signed. 



PASSING OF FRENCH SOLDIERS THROUGH NEWTOWN 139 



PASSING OF FRENCH SOLDIERS THROUGH NEWTOWN . 

Correspondence between the Commander-in-Chief of the Contin- 
ental army, Gen. George Washington, and Count de Rochambeau, 
commander of the French forces who marched across country from 
Providence, R. I., to Bedford, N. Y., to join Gen. Washington's forces 
in his operations against Lord Cornwallis. When the army reached 
Hartford, Newtown was on the direct inland course from Hartford 
to Peekskill on the Hudson river. 

Reaching Hartford, June 22, 1781, the Count wrote to the Com- 
mander-in-chief, June 23, 1781 : "I arrived here (Hartford) yester- 
day with the first regiment, which has been followed this day by the 
second and will be so to-morrow by the third, and the day after by the 
fourth. I shall stay here this day and to-morrow to give time for our 
broken artillery carriages to be mended and our young artillery horses 
and oxen to refresh themselves. I shall set off the day after to-morrow 
with the first regiment for Newtown, the army to march in four divisions 
as before, and I shall probably arrive there on the 28th and stay the 29th 
and 30th to assemble the brigade and march in two divissions to the North 
River. The corps of Lauzun will march as far advanced as my first division 
through Middletown, Wallingford, North Haven, Ripton and North Strat- 
ford, in which last place it will be on the 28th. I have the honor, etc. 

The Count de Rochambeau." 

His Excellency, 

George Washington. 

General Washington replied: 

Camps near Peekskill, 
27th of June, 1781. 

Sir: I have the honor of receiving your Excellency's favor of the 23d 
instant from Hartford. It would have given me the greatest pleasure could 
I have made it convenient to meet you at Newtown, but independently of 
many arrangements which are necessary at the first taking of the field, I 
am detained by the hourly expectation of the Chevalier de la Lauzun. I 
am pleased to find that your idea of the position which will be proper for 
the troops under your command coincides with my own and I shall be 
happy in giving your quartermaster-general every assistance in recon- 
noitering and making out your camp. Lieutenant-Colonel Cobb one of my 
aids-de-camp will have the honor of delivering this letter and will return 
to me with any dispatch or message your Excellency may wish to com- 
municate, or should you rather incline to come forward from Newtown 
before the army Col. Cobb will be proud to attend you. I shall be much 
obliged if your Excellency will present to Count de Barras by the next 
occassion my sincere thanks for the readiness with which he was pleased 
to accept the proposition I had the honor to make him, through his 
Excellency. I am, etc., 

George Washington. 

The Count de Rochambeau. 
(Hartford.) 

Headquarters, Peekskill, 

June 30, 1781. 
Dear Sir: The enclosed letter to Count de Rochambeau is of very great 
importance and requires the utmost secrecy in its communication. This 
idea you will convey to the Count before its delivery, to affect which, you 
will first converse with the chevalier, Chastelleux, on the mode of its 
communication. Its object is to inform the Count that I have in contem- 
plation a very sudden surprise of some part of the army which will be of 
great importance in our operations and which we have flattering expec- 
tations of obtaining, to cover and support which, if obtained we shall want 



140 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

the aid of the French army, in which case it will be necessary for the 
Count to push on his troops with greater haste than he at present intends, 
and by a different route from that now in view. The Duke de Lauzun's 
legion is to advance. The movements which I would wish to be made by 
the French army are particularized in my letter to the Count, which you 
will see. It will be for you to impress the gentlemen with the importance 
of their motions to support our operations, as it will be to little purpose 
for us to obtain advantages which we may not be able to maintain. As the 
Count with his troops is now in a very disaffected part of the country and 
the Tories will be desirous to give any information in their power, the 
most profound secrecy and dispatch must prove the soul of success to the 
enterprise. This idea you must impress with energy your best discretion 
in the mode. I am, etc., George Washington. 

Lieut-col. David Cobb. 
(Hartford.) 

Reply. 

Newtown, June 30, 1781. 

Sir: I was at Count-de-Rochambeau's, this evening, when I recevied 
your E.xcellency's dispatches. General Chastellux was immediately sent 
for and the heads of departments consulted on the new intended route of 
the army. The Count inquired whether your Excellency was acquainted 
with the removal of the Yagers and some other troops from Long Island 
to New York. I assured his Excellency was perfectly acquainted with it 
and all the other movements of the enemy at New York and that your 
Excellency would never undertake a matter of this kind but upon certain 
intelligence and the surest ground of success. The Count was perfectly 
satisfied with the plan proposed and assured me that duty as well as in- 
clination prompted him to comply with your Excellency's wishes. 

Orders are accordingly given for the march of the first brigade in the 
morning, and the Duke's legion which is now at New Stratford, will 
undoubtedly march at the same time. It will be at the place of destination 
at the time proposed, 12 o'clock. The rest of the army will follow when 
the other division arrives, which comes up to-morrow. The Count in his 
letter wishes an answer from your Excellency by to-morrow night. It 
would be more agreeable if it came sooner. 

I am, etc., 

David Cobb. 
His Excellency 

George Washington. 

In the "History of the Catholic Church in the New England 
States" that fell into the writer's hands in Newtown's Bi-Centennial 
year, 1905, was the following statement: "In the campaign of 1781, 
Count Rochambeau marched his army from Providence, R. I., to Bedford, 
N. Y., in the month of June. He was on his way to join Gen. Washington 
in his operations against Lord Cornwallis. They encamped at Woodbury 
on the night of June 27, and reached Newtown on the 28th, and remained 
until Sunday, July 1, when they broke camp and, proceeding through 
Ridgebury, reached Bedford, N. Y., Monday. July 2, ready to join the army 
at Phillipsburg. They marched in regiments until reaching Newtown, 
following one another at intervals of a day's march, or at a distance of 
about 15 miles. There was no rest except what was imperatively necessary. 
The officers wore coats of white broadcloth trimmed with green, white 
underdress and hats with two corners instead of three like the cocked hats 
worn by the American officers, paid all their expenses in hard money, 
committed no depredations and treated the inhabitants with great civility 
and propriety." 

The magazine of American History says that the army numbered 
600 artillery, 600 cavalry, and 3600 infantry, 4800 men in all, and 
that when in Newtown five men deserted from the ranks. Their 
encampment was on the plain that stretches westward from the 
State road south of the Middle district school and along the side 
hill that slopes to the eastward from what is known as Ronald 




MRS. MARY ANN BIRCH 

100 Years of Age 

She lived to be 102 years 

See Page 141 



PASSING OF FRENCH SOLDIERS THROUGH NEWTOWN 141 

Castle. Lamson Birch, who was born and always lived on that 
plain on the site of the house now owned by Michael Scanlon, was 
son of William and Catherine (Hubbell) Birch. They were married 
in September, 1750, and had a family of seven children. Lamson, 
the youngest, was born in September, 1771, and died in October, 
1859, age 88 years. In 1781, when the French army encamped on 
the plains in front of and all about the home plot, Lamson was a 
boy of 10 years and so vividly was everything impressed upon his 
memory that in after years he was considered authority on matters 
that had been familiar to him at the time, to which reference is now 
made. His father was a Tory, and his family was regarded as a 
Tory family. The son used to tell in his later years how the father 
was compelled to keep his gun hidden in the brush or under his 
barn in order that the "suspicious and exasperated Whigs" might 
not find it, and steal it from him. He also held a Captain's com- 
mission in the British army. His son used to tell that he had seen it 
with the great red seal of King George the Third attached and, 
after the battle of Saratoga, he told his wife that the Whigs were 
going to be victorious, and the best thing for him to do would be to 
burn his commission at once, which he did, evidently, believing it 
would be policy for him to be quit of any of the belongings of 
royalty. 

The writer, 27 years of age at the time of Lamson Birch's death 
in 1859, and 24 years when his own grandfather died in 1856 (who 
was born in 1772, nine years previous to the French encampment 
in Newtown) often heard the "back-log stories" told before the 
open fire place, in those days of long ago, and they come in these 
later years with vividness, in striking contrast to recollections of 
other stories, once listened to in wonderment and with much boyish 
delight. 

The French army broke camp in Newtown, July 1 and proceeded 
westward to join Gen. Washington's army on July 6, at Phillipsburg, 
Westchester county, N. Y. There they met the American forces 
resting in two lines along the Hudson river. From there, the allied 
troops marched to King's Ferry and reconnoitered to learn the 
position of the British works about New York. The arrival of the 
French troops was a great help to the American commander, who 
was not slow in commending in the highest terms their rapid march 
from Providence across Connecticut to give him aid, in doing 
which, Newtown had so large a share. 

Another person, born in Newtown in the period of the Revolution, 
lived to an extreme old age (102 years,) "Aunt Mary Ann" Birch, 
who was daughter of Solomon Glover. She married James Glover 
and lived in the district of Hanover, where they reared 12 children, 
all of whom became of age and nine lived to celebrate the mother's 
90th birthday. Her husband died in 1836. She lived a widow for 
16 years, then married Lamson Birch, to whom we have referred. 
Her father, too, was a Tory. He, with others of Tory proclivites, 
w^ould hide in the woods, where they were accustomed to retreat 
when they expected to be molested, by their more patriotic neigh- 
bors. At one call of the Whigs at Mr Glover's house, they found 



142 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

him in bed and amused themselves by pricking him with bayonets. 
They also amused themselves by making free with a batch of 
pumpkin pies Mrs. Glover had just taken from the old brick oven. 
They threw a piece to the house dog, at which she told them to 
quit, as the pies were good enough for them, but not good enough 
for the dog. Mrs Mary Ann Birch's experience as a girl and her 
recollection of Revolutionary days were extremely interesting. 
When Lord Cornwallis surrendered in 1781, she was five years old, 
and distinctly remembered when the French army, returning from 
the war, marching to the coast to return to France, again passed 
through Newtown. Their encampment on the plain extended from 
the foot of Church hill eastward to where the railroad station is, 
and northward and southward for a half mile. She remembered 
the breaking up of the camp and the departure of the troops, their 
commander being no other than Gen. Lafayette. At that time, Gen 
Lafayette spent a night in Newtown with Col John Chandler, a 
Newtown lawyer, who then lived in a house on the site of the 
Grand Central hotel. He enlisted at the opening of the war and soon 
became Colonel of the 8th Regiment of Connecticut Continental 
troops In my boyhood, old people disputed whether Gen Wash- 
ington once stayed in Newtown over night. That he passed though 
on his way from Rhode Island to the Hudson River, there can be but 
little doubt, but it must have been in advance of the French forces, 
as in his communication to the French commander previously 
quoted, he writes: "It would have given me the greatest pleasure could 
I have made it convenient to meet you in Newtown, but I am detained by 
the hourly expectation of the Chevalier de la Lauzun." 

Correspondence that passed between officials in the service, when 
the writer's maternal grandfather, Jonathan Sanford, Jr., was 
drafted in 1779. His home was in Hanover school district, where he 
was born, Jan. 5, 1739, and at the time referred to was father of five 
children. A farmer by occupation, but not of robust health, he was 
rejected from the service, as the following physician's certificate 
shows : 

"This may certify that Jonathan Sanford, Jr., of Newtown has been 
infirm for about nine or ten years past by reason of pleurisy, after which 
he fell into an ulcery state of his lungs which left him weak, which weak- 
ness he has never recovered from, nor never like to, so as to endure 
hardship and I really believe he is in a law sense freed from all military 
duty." 

Dated this 30th day of September, 1779. 

Test, Andrew Graham, physician. 

Letter from Jabez Botsford, Newtown's First Selectman to Captain 

Yeats, stationed at Ripton : Newtown, July ye 3rd, 1779. 

Sir: I have injected into the state service in the room of Jonathan 
Sanford, Junr., a man that I have draughted in Newtown, the bearer 
William Woolcutt. I desire you will direct him in the matter and re-inlist 
him if you think proper. From your Humble Servant. 

To Captain Yeats at Ripton. Jabez Botsford. 

Captain Yeats' reply: 

This may certify that I am willing to take the said Woolcutt into my 
company if he should fail to me. John Yeats. 

In meetinng demands sure to come upon its people during the 
Revolutionary war in money, in clothing, in provision and in men 
Newtown contributed all that was demanded of her people. 



THE ROADSIDE TAVERN 143 



THE ROADSIDE TAVERN. 



Not until the close of the Revolution did public travel so increase 
as to make it practicable to keep a house of entertainment for the 
traveling public. With lines of travel by stage in different direct- 
ions and for what then were considered long distances, it seemed 
expedient to establish the wayside inn. Previous to the stage- 
coach, there was no means of reaching salt water save by pedes- 
trianism, or private conveyance. Even mail was carried on horse- 
back and delivered as best it could, and not until 1800 did the 
United States government appoint a postmaster for Newtown. 
The first postmaster was Caleb Baldwin, Jr., whose home was in 
Newtown Street where Charles F. Beardsley and family live. 
Stratford was our nearest sea-port on the southeast and Norwalk 
nearest on the southwest, the parish of Stratfield in the town of 
Stratford, to become in due time the town and later the city of 
Bridgeport, lying midway between ; with Danbury nine miles to the 
westward, Woodbury nearly twice that distance eastward, Hartford 
50 miles away, and all of Litchfield county northward. Newtown 
might well have been considered the central point for cross-country 
travel and, in 1790 or thereabouts, it came to pass that two men, in 
pleasant rivalry it may have been, decided to start a wayside inn. 
Caleb Baldwin was one and Czar Keeler the other. The infection 
spreading, it was not long after, that "Tom" Seely opened an inn 
on the premises now occupied by George Northrop near the North 
Center schoolhouse. "Uncle Tom" was a shoemaker by trade, a 
jolly good fellow, but, a better shoemaker than landlord, his inn 
was not of long duration. Czar Keeler and Caleb Baldwin were in 
the prime of life in the early days of the stagecoach, and both lived 
long enough, so that the writer remembers them as they were in 
their old age. They were "Uncle Czar" and "Uncle Kale" to all of 
us school children, and you can put it down as a sure thing when 
you hear children and "grown-ups" calling an old man or old 
woman "uncle" or "aunt," that everybody has a certain kind of love 
for them. The writer well remembers "Uncle Czar," for he lived to 
be past 90, as a jolly, genial man, and there was an honest heart- 
iness about his laugh that made it positively catching. Keeler's 
Inn stood upon the open lot north of the W. J. Beecher residence, 
it was two stories in front, with a long sloping back roof, that came 
almost to the ground, with monstrous fireplaces in which blazing 
fires were always kept in winter and around the spacious hearth 
gathered friend and foe. It was the rendezvous on a winter even- 
ing for politicians and male gossips of the village. So cheerful was 
the room and so loath were the people to leave that it would some- 
times be long after the ringing of the 9 o'clock bell of the old 
Episcopal church, which was the recognized signal for closing 
stores and for general retirement of all within hearing. Keeler's 
was called the "stage house" for all stage-coaches stopped there. 



144 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

and on that account it enjoyed a larger custom than either com- 
petitor. A large and suitable room for balls was on the second 
floor, and my mother was one of those who danced there in early 
days. From her lips I heard of the place and of those there who 
tripped "the light fantastic toe." May 29, 1820, Czar Keeler was 
appointed postmaster for Newtown and held the position until 1839. 
The appointment came to him while he was yet landlord of the Inn, 
and his public room contained the postoffice, a small upright fixture 
with a few pigeon-holes for letters and newspapers. 

Caleb Baldwin's Inn had the reputation of being the pattern of 
neatness, homelike in all surroundings and it was also claimed that 
there could be had the best broiled chicken or sirloin steak to be 
found in Fairfield county. The motherly reputation of the hostess 
made it a much sought place for restfulness. The public duties of 
the host so often took him away from home that it became a divid- 
ed service that he gave the inn. Appointed postmaster in 1800, he 
held it continuously until 1818. His father was town clerk from 
1800 to 1843, and the son from 1843 to 1846. 

The Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike, incorporated in 1801, so 
increased travel along the line from New Milford to Bridgeport, 
that the need of another inn within Newtown limits on the south led 
Robert Middlebrook of Trumbull to buy a 50 acre farm on which 
a large house had just been erected, that seemed just the building 
and the location for a wayside inn. A spacious front yard, well 
filled with young maple trees, added to its attractivenesss, and it 
was not long before the Middlebrook inn became as popular as any 
hostelry in Fairfield county. Within 17 miles of Bridgeport., 
belated travelers from either direction found it a matter of conven- 
ience to stop over. Uncle Robert was a good story teller, "Aunt 
Mary" was a splendid cook, the food was always of the best and the 
home-made cider brandy carried a bead that testified to its purity. 
The great open fireplace, with its blazing logs, never lacked for 
patronage and the treat was always on the one who was behind in 
the race of storytelling. Nothing pleased the guests more than to 
get a joke on the hostess, who was the best of cooks, and painfully 
neat and particular. One time she had a big mince pie on the table 
and going from the room for a moment, one of her guests raised 
the top crust, slipped a horse shoe in the pie and laid back the crust, 
just in the nick of time. Taking her knife to cut the pie and strik- 
ing some hard substance, she uttered an exclamation of surprise 
and chagrin, but when the cause was ascertained and the guilty 
party known, the treat for the crowd was on the culprit. It was 
still an open house in my early days and I well recall that when six 
years old, I was sent there to get cigars, and, little-boy-like, I had 
the silver piece with which I was to pay, in my mouth, when a dog 
bouncing out, frightened me to "boo-hooing," and I swallowed the 
the silver piece. I was frightened. Aunt Mary comforted me as 
best she could and I ran home to my mother with the pitiful tale. 
The house is still standing and in all respects the same in architec- 
ture as when built, but the maple trees of more than a centviry's 
growth begin to show decay. The blacksmith shop that stood 




WILLIAM A. LEONARD 



Proprietor for many years 

of Newtown Inn 

Formerly Dick's Hotel 

See Page 146 



THE ROADSIDE TAVERN 145 

opposite is gone and new forms and new faces pass along the 
streets. 

Another inn of those early days was that opened by Dr Gideon 
Shepard during the later years of his life, when he had practically 
turned over his medical practice to Dr. Bennett Perry. Dr. 
Shepard's hostelry was on the grounds occupied by George Beers' 
house on the road to Sandy Hook, near Newtown Center. The 
house has still the old frame work, though remodelled, reconstruct- 
ed and modernized. Jolly, bright, quick at repartee and a good 
story-teller, the latch string always out until the wee small hours, 
it was the resort for sleighing parties and balls in the winter season. 
Generous to a fault, he belonged to the class of whom it is said, 
"too honest to get rich." It was said of him that he once caught a 
poor man in his cellar stealing from the pork barrel and, as punish- 
ment, he made the man take home half there was left in the pork 
barrel. In vain the man pleaded to be let off, for the doctor told 
him that if he didn't take the pork home, he would prosecute him 
for theft. He took the pork and became a better man. The quaint 
w^ords on the signboard that hung from the arm of a pole read on 
one side : "A plain tavern for plain folks, kept by a plain man." 
On the reverse, "Inn: Call and see. If not suited, the road opens 
both ways." The location of Dr Shepard's Inn, though a little off 
from the main street, was good, as it was on the main stage line 
from Hartford to New York. 

We give a copy of an advertisement taken from the Hartford 
Courant of about 100 years ago. 

"Hartford and New York; new line express stage. Fare only $6 through. 
Way passengers, six cents a mile. On the turnpike road through Farming- 
ton, Bristol, Watertown, Woodbury, Newtown, Danbury, Mt. Pleasant, 
down the North River to New York. Leaves Hartford every Monday, 
Wednesday and Friday at 4 o'clock a. m., without fail, and arrives at Mt. 
Pleasant same evening at 8 o'clock; lodge at Mt Pleasant; leave there 
every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at 3 o'clock a. m., and arrive at 
New York to dine the same day. Returning, leave New York every 
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 11 o'clock a. m., and arrive at Hartford 
next day at 8 p. m. This line of stages connects at Mt. Pleasant, 36 miles 
from New York, with a packet expressly fitted up for the convenience and 
comfort of passengers and no steamboat on the river performs her trip 
with such punctuality. Passengers therefore will meet with no delay, but 
will find the best of horses, good carriages and careful drivers and punct- 
uality in the arrival and departure of this stage not to be found in any 
line running at this time. Persons traveling through Hartford to New 
York will find this line the cheapest, most pleasant and expeditious, with- 
out the inconvenience of riding nights, of any out of this place." 

Just think of it, you who take the 7 a. m., train out from 
Newtown, to have all of the day's business hours at your disposal 
in New York and home again inside of 12 hours ; in striking con- 
trast to 32 hours from Hartford to New York, including a sleep 
from 9 p. m. to 2.30 a. m., with a fresh relay of four horses at each 
of two points midway between the two places. 

Dr Bennett Perry's residence was started as a hotel in 1819, 
changed ownership to Sallu Pell Barnum, then later became Dick's 
Hotel, still remembered by many. That hotel was burned at mid 
day in Sept. 1897 making way for the large and attractive Newtown 
Inn, which, to the present time, has been used more particularly as 



146 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

a summer resort. The Grand Central hotel is awaiting its golden 
opportunity to reopen as an all-the-year-round hotel. In the early 
40s' the house where Miss Ann Blackman lives was built by Ziba 
Blackman for a hotel, but it was short-lived, owing in a measure 
to the opening of the Housatonic railroad about 1842. 



CARE OF NEWTOWN'S DEPENDENTS 147 



CARE AND KEEP OF NEWTOWN'S DEPENDENTS. 

In an annual report of the selectmen, we read: 

"Those receiving aid from the town we seem to have with us always, and 
it seems hard to turn these unfortunates down and there will always be 
some entitled to sympathy." A statement as true now as it was years ago, 
that needs no argument to verify 

Nothing appears in the earliest town journal to show that there 
was organized effort to place the vmfortunates under the care and 
supervision of a system, other than that they were personally look- 
ed after and provided for, being placed in families where the town 
was willing to pay a nominal sum for board and when death came 
give a decent burial. That was the order of things in the town until 

1809. when the matter was brought up at the annual meeting, 
resulting in a vote to farm them out at such place and in such way 
as directed by vote of the town. At the annual meeting, Dec. 10, 

1810, it was voted that "the selectmen be authorized to contract for the 
keeping of the poor of this town with the overseer of the poor house 
belonging to the town of Weston and to transport the poor of Newtown 
whose expense is 75c a week or upwards, to the poor house at Weston. 

For some unknown reason that plan was not adopted, and at the 

annual meeting Dec. 1842, it was "voted that Col. Timothy Shepherd, Capt. 
Daniel Meeker and Samuel Beers, Jr., be a committee to confer with a 
committee from the town of Danbury on the subject of a poor house." At 
an adjourned meeting, Dec. 28, 1812, it was "voted that the sum of six 
hundred dollars be appropriated to defray the expense of building a house 
for the accommodation of the poor of this town in connection with the 
town of Danbury and that the Newtown selectmen be a committee to carry 
the same into effect." 

The house was located in the west part of town in Flat Swamp 
district and stood on the town line between Newtown and 
Danbury. Rules and by-laws were drawn and adopted by the 
selectmen of Newtown and Danbury, regulating the inmates. 

Rules and by-laws regulating the Danbury and Newtown poor house : 

1. That there be appointed by the selectmen of Danbury and Newtown 
three or more disinterested men as a visiting committee of the poor house, 
whose duty it shall be to see that the regulations relative to said poor 
house be carried into effect. 

2. That it be the duty of the respective towns to see that there be some 
proper and discreet person employed as an overseer with necessary 
attendants to superintend the domestic affairs of said poor house, which 
overseer and attendants shall always be liable to be removed by said 
selectmen for just cause. 

3. That it be the duty of the overseer to see that the victuals be well and 
seasonably dressed, that the rooms be washed once in each week in sum- 
mer and as often in winter as occasion requires, bed linen changed and 
clean once in each fortnight, tables, table linen, dishes and other household 
untensils to be daily cleaned, beds and bedsteads to be often examined 
and kept free from vermin, that the poor be kept clean in their person and 
apparel, to have a change of linen weekly, that each person if practicable 



148 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

be washed every morning, and if unable, to see that proper means be . 
furnished for that purpose, that it be the duty of the overseer to see 
that no indelicate behavior be committed either by word or action, and that 
good and decent behavior be preserved among all, and that it be the duty 
of said oversseer for a breach by any of the poor, of this article, to punish 
the offender by a confinement in the dark room, to be kept on bread and 
water during a space not exceeding 24 hours, unless a further time be 
thought necessary by the visiting committee. 

4. That it be the duty of the overseer personally to see all fires and 
lights extinguished, excepting what be absolutely required and those . 
under proper and prudent care and also to see that not more than four ' 
persons lodge in one room, that distinct and separate rooms be appropriat- | 
ed for the lodging of males and females respectively, except in the case of i 
husband and wife, unless absolute necessity require a different arrange- ! 
ment on particular occasions. Also that all persons removing any lilthiness i 
shall obey the directions of the overseer therein, whose duty it sh.ill he to 
see the same so removed as not to offend or endanger the health cf any 
person. Any person disobeying this order last mentioned shall be liable 
to the same penalty provided in the third article. 

5. That the overseer do not permit any of the paupers or any other per- 
son confined, to beg money or any other thing of persons who may visit the j 
poor house and should any person gratuitously give any thing for the use 
of the paupers or any one in particular the same shall be placed in the ■ 
hands of the overseer to be reasonably applied to answer fhe purpose ' 
intended, except to those that commit a breach of this ru]e. ^ ! 

6. That no person be permitted the use of tobacco in anyway while In i 
bed, or spit on the wall or partition, and after being furnished with spitting ; 
boxes, not to spit on the floor. Any person committing a breach of this 
article, he or she, shall be deprived of the use of tobacco for the space ; 
of one week, or until such person will better conform. 

7. That it be the duty of the overseer to furnish at least two spitting '. 
boxes to each room, and keep in each a constant supply of sand. ; 

8. That no person resident in the house shall go without the enclosure j 
around the same, without liberty from the overseer, in which case he or i 
she shall return decently and soberly at the time appointed on penalty of i 
being denied going out for one week for the first offence, and one month ^ 
for every succeeding offence. j 

9. That no article of household furniture or clothing belonging to the ' 
family of the overseer shall be used by the poor, unless with his approba- 
tion. 1 

10. All those who are able to meet at meal times, shall come together ■ 
at the time fixed, or when called on, where all shall observe regularity and 
decent behavior, during meal times, always giving sufficient opportunity for 1 
the religious exercises that may be performed on such occasions; and all ■' 
those who are unable to attend, to be seasonably furnished in the most ■■ 
convenient manner practicable. ^ 

11. All persons resident in the house who labor under sickness shall ' 
occupy a room or rooms specially appropriated for that purpose. $ 

12. That no person who is infected with a contagious disease of any kind, jj 
shall be permitted to reside as a pauper in the poor house, and if after | 
being admitted, it shall be discovered that any one is infected with such i 
disease, the overseer shall immediatly give notice to the selectmen of the |i 
town bringing such disordered person who shall remove him or her from i' 
the poor house, and otherwise provide for the same. 

13. Upon notice given, such as are able to work shall repair to the several 
places appointed for that purpose, and then keep themselves diligently 
emploj'ed during the time and at such labor as shall be assigned by the 
overseer. For every breach of this article the same penalty is to be inflict- 
ed as is provided in the third article. 

14. That any kind of wearing apparel, when worn out, or unfit for the 
use intended, the same shall be at the disposal of the overseer, for the 
benefit of the poor in such manner as he shall think proper. 

15. That if any person shall attempt or commit actual violence on the 
overseer, his family or any resident paupers such person shall be restrained 



CARE OF NEWTOWN'S DEPENDENTS 149 

of his liberty by being confined in the dark room and kept on bread and 
water during the space of 48 hours, and as much longer as the visiting 
committee shall deem necessary and in case of a second similar offence by 
those who are stubborn and perverse, such other reasonable chastisement 
under the direction of the visiting committee as in their opinion shall be 
judged expedient. 

16. That a copy of the foregoing bylaws be handed to the selectmen of 
Danbury and Newtown respectively and also to the overseer of the poor 
house, whose duty it shall be to cause the same to be read to all the 
residents in said house at least once in three months, and also at the time 
of the entrance of each pauper into said house, the overseer shall cause 
him or her, to be made acquainted with said by-laws. 

We the subscribers being appointed agents to make and enact such rules 
and regulations as are necessary for the well ordering of the poor house 
for Danbury and Newtown, have agreeable to our appointment on this 16th 
day of December, 1813, passed for the foregoing rules and by-laws to be 
observed by all concerned, and we do hereby order them to be complied 
with accordingly. 

Samuel Phillips, 

Daniel Comstock, Selectmen 

Phineas Taylor, of 

Eliakim Benedict, Danbury. 

Eli Taylor. 

David Meeker, Selectmen 

Lamson Burch, of 

Zachariah Clark Newtown. 

At the annual meeting, Nov. 4, 1816, "voted, that a committee of tv^ro 

persons be appointed (Ebenezer Turner and Timothy Shepard, Esq.,) in 

behalf of the town to visit the poor house and take such measures as they 

judge proper to correct any abuse that may occur in said poor house." 

Two years later, 1818, Abijah Merritt and Caleb Baldwin con- 
ferred with a committee from Danbury on the subject of the poor 
house, and Amos Shepard was appointed agent to take oversight of 
all the poor taken from Newtown to the poor house for the current 
year. The town also voted to take counsel on the charge of abuse 
of the contractors in supplying the poor of Newtown in the poor 
house and to institute a suit at law against them. The town made 
it optional with the selectmen, whether all who applied to the town 
for aid should be obliged to go to the copartnership house, or be 
farmed out with families. In some cases, it was the latter. The 
writer's maternal grandfather, Abijah Merritt, was one of New- 
town's selectmen for 12 years at intervals, between the year 1819 
and 1839 and to him in particular was given the oversight of the 
town poor. After his death in 1845, a large bundle of bills against 
the town for services rendered as selectman, accepted and paid 
during his administration, was found among his effects, that furnish 
material for occasional use in recalling events of the early days. 
From that source, we are able to give the joint expense of the poor 
for the two towns of Danbury and Newtown in 1819 and, with it, a 
copy of the expenses of two, among others, farmed out in families. 
Joint expenses of the poor of the two towns for 1819: 
Whole expenses of the poor house for the year 1819, $966.45 

Deduct hide and tallaw, 62.77 

$903.68 



150 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Net expenses 
weeks board : 
Danbury 626 

Newtown 411 

State paupers 189 

Expenses for town paupers $764.36 

For State paupers $139.32 



$903.68 
Received of the state $283.50 



And it leaves for the towns $620.18 | 

Which is 59c and 8 mills a person per week. i 

Allowing the same number for the last year as this, is a saving of $266.04, I 

and two mills for both towns : I 

Amount for last year $999.19 ■ 

Amount for this year $733.14.8 ' 

In 1819, William Jones became a town charge and was cared for ; 

by Philo N. Piatt of Hopewell, until his death in December, 1839. \ 

Under date of Dec. 9, 1819, this itemized bill was sent in : ■ 
Town of Newtown, to Philo N. Piatt, Dr. To going to Redding after a 
physician, five miles, .ii. Paid Philo Gilbert 20c for the use of his horse 

for the same, .25. Going to Redding after bark for tea for him, .16. Going i 

same, .35. Going after watchers, going after medicine, going to Umpawaug ] 

after shirts for him, seven miles; paid Philo Gilbert 28c for his horse for ' 

the same, .50. A pint of rum for medicine for him and going to Redding, ; 

two miles and a half for the same, .25. By going to Taunton to notify the \ 

selectmen of his sickness, 4 miles, paid Eli Piatt 16c for his horse to ride ■ 

for the same, .25. Going to Redding after bark for tea for him, .46. Going i 

to Taunton to notify selectmen of his death, paid 16c for use of horse for j 

same, .25. { 

Funeral charges : j 

To one quart rum for attendants at his burial and going after the same .ZZ. I 

To a white handkerchief, .iZ, Paid one dollar to Mrs. Olmstead for clean- i 

ing his bed, washing shirts and other clothes for him, 1.00. A winding j 

sheet 2.25. Preparation for burial .25. For my trouble in watching and i 

continual attendance from the iirst day of his sickness to his death, $15.00. \ 

Physician's bill : ( 

Six visits, advice, attendance and medicine, $5.80. Philo Gilbert's bill for \ 
watching one night and assisting at the burial, .75. Ichabod Gilbert's bill 

for making coffin and assisting at the burial, $3.00. Philo N. Piatt's bill . 

$21.25 physician's bill, $5.80. Philo Gilbert's bill, .75. Total $30.80. To dig- \ 

ging grave $1.50. \ 

March 15, 1820: Thirty dollars allowed on the above bill by us. j 

Abijah Merritt, | 

Clement Fairchild I 

Selectmen. | 

Town of Newtown, to Thaddeus Bennett, Dr. • 

To boarding Nancy Bennett, a child of Gideon Bennett, from the 10th of ? 

April, 1820, to the 6th of November, 1820, 30 weeks at 34c a week; 10 dollars ? 

and 20 cents. Thadeus Bennett, t 

Abijah Merritt, I 

Clement Fairchild, Selectmen. ' 

Here is another bill against the town for the care of Adam Clark's ' 

wife, who was farmed out to Jotham B. Sherman for the short term \-. 
of three days : 

Town of Newtown, Dr. J, 

For clothing Adam Clark's wife: ^ 

For one Petty coat, .75; For one skirt, .50; For one westcoat, .25; For one i 

pair of stockings .50; For one handkerchief, .17; For three days board, .75; " 

For cleaning Mrs. Clark from lice which was a great task, indeed $3.00. '| 

Account against town of Newtown. $5.92. ij 

Paid Abijah Merritt. jl 



CARE OF NEWTOWN'S DEPENDENTS 151 

/ 

We follow this with an appeal from New Fairfield to the town of 
Newtown to care for a Newtown charge who is sick in an adjoining 
town : 
Selectmen of Newtown, i 

Gentlemen : Although it is painfull for me to wright, it may be so for 
you to read. It is disagreeable for us to hear of the misfortunes of our 
friends and sitisans, especially when they are so far from us that we can- 
not administer to their needs, but I must go on with my melloncholy story. 
Phidima Ann Elwood is taken sick and continues to be sick, so that she 
cannot perhaps safely be removed. We are informed she is an inhabitant 
of New Town and that she has property in the hands of the selectmen of 
sd town. She is at her brothers in New Fairfield and is poor and needs 
assistance and application has been made to the selectmen of the town 
of New Fairfield for her support. This is to notify you to pay the expence 
allready made and take your own way for her support for the future. 
Yours, etc., 

Samuel T. Barnum, 
Nathan A. Hayes, 

Selectmen. 
Dated at New Fairfield, the 21st of December. 1820. 

From 1818 until 1825, Newtown had its agents appointed from 
year to year to have the oversight of town poor in the co-partner- 
ship with Danbury. In 1826, a committee was appointed to meet 
a Danbury committtee to make rules in regard to the settlement of 
poor house accounts. 

In 1827, the town voted to contract with any person for keeping the 
poor of the town for any number of years not exceeding five, at a price 
not exceeding $800 a year, and also voted to make sale of that part of the 
poor house and the land attached to it belonging to the town of Newtown. 
In December, 1828 the town voted to sell either at public auction or private 
sale that part of the poor house belonging to the town, together with the 
land belonging to it, if they think proper. 

At a special town meeting, May 1, 1837, it was voted that the town ap- 
prove the establishing of a county poor house, and that the selectmen for 
the time being be a committee to confer with the other towns in the county 
on the subject, and also a work house for the punishment of petty crimes 
in this county. 

Many town meetings were called to consider the expediency of 
providing a permanent home for the town poor, but no definite 
action was ever taken. After the dissolution of the joint contract 
between Danbury and Newtown, which came about in 1850, the 
care of Newtown's poor was let to some responsible man for terms 
of five years. Daniel Botsford, a large land holder on Toddy Hill, 
was poor master for many years and he was succeeded by Eli J. 
Morris in Zoar. They two were the longest in the service and 
during their administration very few were farmed out in families. 
Joseph Moore in Huntingtown and Mrs. Lynch on Botsford Hill 
are best remembered by the generations of to-day as care-takers 
of the town's dependents. The consensus of opinion has long. 
favored caring for them in private families, except such as for 
good cause should be cared for in State institutions. It is unneces- 
sary to give statistics, for the town report for the year ending in 
September, 1912, gave a full and itemized report that was carefully 
distributed to the taxpayers of the town previous to the annual 
town meeting, always holden on the first Monday of October in 
each year. 



152 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

BRIDGEPORT AND NEWTOWN TURNPIKE CO. 

The Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike Co., had a corporate 
existence of about 90 years, coming to a close in 1888. 

When the early settlers of Newtown had prospered so that they 
were able to have farm produce to spare in exchange for the things 
they needed to help make home life more comfortable and thrifty, 
the nearest market on the south was Stratford on Long Island 
Sound southeasterly and Norwalk on the Sound southwesterly and 
nearer to New York. Between these two places lay the Housatonic 
valley, stretching northward through Fairfield and Litchfield coun- 
ties on into Massachusetts. 

On the shore lay the little seaport town of Bridgeport, beginning 
to send schooners and other smaller craft to open a trade with 
New York. Country roads were poorly developed and the idea w^as 
conceived of forming an incorporated company to build a turnpike 
that should connect the seaboard at Bridgeport with New Milford 
and eventually extend to the northerly boundary of Connecticut. 
The towns most directly interested at the start were Bridgeport, 
Huntington, Trumbull, Newtown, Brookfield and New Milford. 
In 1798 petitions were circulated through each of these towns which 
met with hearty response, excepting in Newtown, where the oppo- 
sition to it was so strong at the outset that a petition was circulated 
for calling a town meeting to remonstrate against the General 
Assembly, that was soon to assemble in New Haven, granting a 
charter for the incorporation of a turnpike company. 

The remonstrance April 7, 1800: 

"Whereas the petition of Amos Hubbell, John S. Cannon and others was 
brought before the Honorable General Assembly at their session at New 
Haven in October, 1799, praying for a grant to enable the sd petitioners to 
repair the great road leading from Newfield through the towns of Trum- 
bull, Huntington, Newtown and Brookfield to NewMilford with the 
privilege of a turnpike or turnpikes on said roads as per petition on file. 
Now we, the inhabitants of said Newtown, beg leave to represent to your 
honors that the said road passes through Newtown in its length about nine 
miles and that we are sensible of the necessity of thorough repairs on said 
road, that much the greater part of said road, within the limits of said 
Newtown can be made good and put into a state of complete repair without 
any great inconvenience and expense, and without the aid of turnpikes or 
tolls, and taking into our consideration the advantages of a free public 
road and from motives of pure public spiritedness and genuine liberality, we 
the inhabitants of said Newtown are determined, unless prevented by a grant 
in favor of said petition or the interference of the Honorable Assembly, to 
put said road in good, ample and every way sufficient repair at our own 
charge and expense, and the same keep and maintain in such repair free 
and clear from any tax toll or duty to be exacted or received from travel- 
ers on said road, and to effectuate this our laudable purpose we have in 
legal town meeting voted and granted the sum of four hundred and fifty 
dollars to be laid out and expended on the said road in repairs the present 
season at the rate or price of 75c for each day's labor for a man and a propor- 
tionate price for team, and also we have made a further provision of sixty 
days labor by voluntary subscriptions to be expended and done on said 
road, all of which we confidently assure ourselves will, if judiciously 
laid out, and expended, put the said road within the limits of our town 
in the most ample, complete and satisfactory repair. We, the said inhab- 
tants therefore humbly remonstrate before your honors against the prayer 
of the petition aforesaid and pray your honors, that the same may not be 
granted and that our said road may not be obstructed by turnpikes and 



BRIDGEPORT AND NEWTOWN TURNPIKE CO. 153 

gates, and that we may enjoy the privilege of repairing and maintaining 
said road within the limits of said Newtown at our own expense and 
charge, free from toll or tax and we, with submission, as in duty bound 
will ever remonstrate and pray." — Dated at Newtown, April the 7th, A. D. 
1800. 

At a meeting of the inhabitants of Newtown legally warned and held in 
said Newtown on the 7th day of April, 1800: "Voted, that the foregoing 
remonstrance be offered and improved before the Honorable General 
Assembly of the State of Connecticut to be holden at Hartford in May, 
1801, in behalf of this town, against the petition of Amos Hubbell, John S. 
Cannon and others, now pending before said Assembly." — Caleb Baldwin, 
Jr., chairman pro. temporary. 

The matter did not come up at the May session in Hartford, 1801, 
but was carried over until the Oct. session of the same year, when 
it met in New Haven. 

In the meantime better counsels had prevailed in Newtown. A 
special town meeting was held Oct. 19, 1801, to consult the interests 
of the town in regard to a turnpike road from Bridgeport to the 
New Milford line, when it was voted "that we will not remonstrate against 
the petition now pending before the General Assembly for the grant of a 
turnpike road between Bridgeport and New Milford." 

On the second Thursday of Oct., 1801 the General Assembly met in New 
Haven and at that session it was voted "that said John Cannon and his 
associates and such persons as they shall associate with them, their heirs, 
assigns and successors, be, and thej^ are hereby constituted a corporation 
by the name of the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike Company by which 
to sue and be sued in all courts of record, to appoint such officers, to 
ordain and establish such by-laws, ordinances and regulations as shall be 
necessary for the government of said Company and the raising such sum 
or sums of money as may be necessary and expedient to carry into effect 
the object of its institution, not contrary to law, subject however to be 
repealed by the Superior Court of this state. The Company is authorized 
to erect three turnpike gates on said road so established at such places as 
said County Court shall order. Provided always that the southmost gate 
shall not be erected south of the north side of the Old Post Road, socalled, 
Stratford to Fairfield, and further be it enacted that at each of said gates 
said Company shall be and they are hereby authorized to collect the 
following tolls, viz : 

Every traveling four-wheeled pleasure carriage, driver and passenger, 
shall pay .25; Every two-wheeled pleasure carriage, passenger and driver, 
0.12.5; Every loaded cart, team and the driver, 0.12.5; Every loaded wagon 
with two horses and driver, 0.08; Every man and horse, 0.04; Every stage 
including driver and passengers, 0.25; Every loaded sled, team and the 
driver, 0.10; Every sleigh with two horses and driver, 0.08; Every pleasure 
sleigh with one horse and driver, 0.06.3; Every other one horse sleigh and 
driver, 0.04; Every empty cart, wagon, sled sleigh and driver, 0.04; Every 
horse, cart and driver, 0.04; Horses, mules and neat cattle each, 0.01. 

Provided, nevertheless, that persons traveling to attend public worship, 
funerals or society, town or freeman's meeting and persons obliged to do 
military duty traveling to attend trainings, persons going to or from grist 
mills and persons passing though said gates to attend or return from their 
ordinary farming business shall not be liable to the payment of said tolls. 
Said Company shall set up and maintain on the post of each gate or turnpike 
and in open view of the passengers an account written in capitals of all 
the fares allowed by this resolve and payable at such gate in the same 
manner as in by-law directed at the ferries within this state." 

No change was made in toll rates until 1839 when pleasure wagons 
with springs began to come in use, and the corporation voted at 
their annual meeting, Dec. 3, "That the Directors direct the gate- 
keepers to take 10 cents toll for all one-horse wagons hung on springs of 
iron, steel or leather, and generally used as pleasure wagons." 

It was ordered, too, by the General Assembly that "the first meeting of 



154 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

said Company shall be held at the house of Caleb Baldwin in said Newtown, 
on the third Tuesday in November next, and that the members of said J 
company shall have as many votes as they hold shares in said company, y 
provided always that said Company shall not be apportioned into a greater i 
number than Ave hundred shares, nor into less number than two hundred \ 
and fifty shares, nor shall any member of said company whatever may be t 
his number of shares be entitled to more than fifty votes." | 

The lay-out of the road was commenced in April, 1802, and finish- ^ 
ed in the early Fall of that year. It was laid ovit four and six rods i 
in width, with roadbed 20 feet in width, extending from the south I 
line of New Milford to the mouth of the Golden Hill road in the * 
north line of the borough of Bridgeport. Oct. 2, 1802, it was re- il 
ported that 500 shares had been subscribed. These shares were to 
be paid for in four equal instalments at such times as should be 
fixed by the directors, to be divided among 88 shareholders. The j 
sum assessed in damages to individuals in consequence of laying j, 
out the turnpike from New Milford was $3,975.05. $857.70 being jj 
paid to land owners in Newtown. ' 

Those remunerated and to what extent: Nathaniel Dikemen, $25.00; 
Daniel Hawley, $8.97; Jotham Hawley, $40.00; Joshua Hatch, $100.00; , 
Jotham Hawley, $17.17; Joseph Hawley, $25.00; Jabez Hawley, $0.01 ; Gideon i 
Botsford, $56.64; Clement Botsford, $4.00; Joseph Blackman, $0.50; Josiah • 
Blackman, $40.88; Isaac Lewis, wife, $0.50; John Baldwin, $90.00; Moses 
Botsford, $58.50; Daniel Booth, $2.00; William Edmond, Esq., $11.25; Jabez 
Botsford's widow, $21.66; Samuel Peck, 63.67; Amos Peck's heirs, $13.00; 
Josiah Glover, $13.87; Amnion Hard, $3.00; Moses Peck, $40.00; Oliver 
Tousey, $9.00; Ashur Peck, $3.44; David Meeker, $32.44; David Sterling, 
$57.72; Phineas Taylor, $6.50; Phebe Summers, $12.80; Simeon Beers, $9.75; ' 
Zalmon Tousey $65.62; Lemuel Nichols, $0.75; Moses Peck, $11.87; Ebenezer ' 
Sherwood, $2.00; Stephen Taylor, $8.50. 

March, 1804, it was voted "that the Directors make such contracts as " 
they shall see fit with people living on the roads which meet the turnpike 
near Horse Tavern and also that the Directors be authorized to make one 
sleigh path by the side of the Turnpike road where they shall judge it 
necessary from Bridgeport to Nathaniel J. Burton's." It was also voted 
"that any persons living near any of the gates, the directors have liberty 
to contract with them to pass the gate to which they are contiguous, by 
the quarter of a year, or any toll less than the toll affixed by law, at their 
discretion." Also voted, "the Directors be authorized to open the Turnpike 
gate or any of them, when in their opinion the road is so bad as not to 
authorize the company to collect toll. 

In 1813, it was voted that all persons passing directly from Bennett's 
Bridge to the Middle Gate and returning directly to said Bennett's Bridge, 
and all persons living on the road leading from the Middle Gate to said 
Bennett's Bridge and eastward of said road within the limits of said town 
of Newtown, and those who enter on said road at the north end of Toddy 
Hill, shall pass and re-pass said Middle Gate for half the customary toll. 
We do not know when the company began the taking of toll, but 
the first intimation comes from an order from the directors of the 
company Dec. 6, 1809, ordering Marctis Botsford, Esq., treasurer of 
the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike Co., to pay the stockholders 
a dividend of 50c a share out of the toll money for the 20th of Nov. 
1809, David Baldwin, Elijah Nichols, directors. 

It was decreed by the General Assembly that the turnpike should j 
have three toll gates. When the road was opened for travel, the 
directors fixed the points where they should be located. The first 
gate was placed near the south line of the town of Trumbull about ! 
four miles north of Bridgeport city liinits. The middle gate was 
located at the south line of Newtown, which was then the boundary 



BRIDGEPORT AND NEWTOWN TURNPIKE CO. 155 

line between Newtown and New Stratford, then part of the town 
of Huntington, but incorporated as a town in 1823 and named 
Monroe. The north gate was placed at the north part of Newtown, 
about one mile south of the Brookfield line. 

The road was built in five mile sections. The contractors met in 
Newtown at the inn of Michael Parks, April 4, 1803, 

At the annual meeting of the company, Dec. 4, 1804, Gen. David 
Baldwin, Samuel C. Blackman and Eliakim Walker were appointed 
a committee to see if the road had been built according to contract, 
and report defects, if any. 

At the annual meeting of Dec. 3, 1806, it was voted "to farm out and let 
either by auction or otherwise the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike 
road, including bridges and sluices except Still River bridge near William 
Meeker's store, from the first of Feb., 1806, to the 10th of Oct. 1811, to keep 
and maintain the same in good repair during that period and that the 
undertakers shall be paid in equal half yearly instalments." It was also 
voted "to require of the toll gatherers that they be under some suitable 
oath for a faithful discharge of their duties." Voted "that the people 
living at Tashua and Chestnut Hill and those living the east side of the 
road in that quarter to pass the southern gate at half toll or less than full 
toll." It was also voted "that anything over four bushels weight of grain 
or salt be considered as a load for a cart or wagon." 

It would be almost impossible to follow in detail the information 
from the records of the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike Co. 
pertaining to the construction of the turnpike and its operating 
expenses. Its written history from 1800 to 1888 would be replete 
with information concerning road building and maintaing roads. 

With the Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike completed, New 
York city by way of Bridgeport and Long Island Sound seemed 
brought very near and though the harbor at Bridgeport had been 
little developed, the sloops, schooners and smaller craft could ply 
in and out of the harbor, opening traffic with the great metropolis. 
With the northern terminus of the turnpike at New Milford, an 
outlet was made for an extent of country east, west and north of 
New Milford by which either with their own teams, or by shipping 
through others, produce could be delivered at greater advantage 
than up to that time had been found possible, opening larger oppor- 
tunities for increasing comfort, pleasure and profit. People from 
New Milford and adjoining territory would make Newtown the 
half-way resting place for a midday or a mid-night feed and rest, 
and the traffic all along the line made things lively. 

It was a good three-days' work for those living in New Milford' 
and towns adjacent to collect their freight, deliver it in Bridgeport 
and make their return. It was quite fortunate when teamsters 
could secure a load for both ways. A great deal of the merchants' 
trade was in barter, taking in farm produce, paying in trade and 
then turning it into money, as best they could. Much of the trans- 
portation was with oxen. My grandfather lived where I now live, 
so that I learned many facts from him as to how he did in the 
earlier years of his life. His motive power was an ox-team. He 
would aim to get his load together so that he could start in the 
middle of the day for Bridgeport, content if he reached Horse 
Tavern, as it was called, early enough to get his oxen fed and 
himself into bed by 11 o'clock. Horse Tavern stood on the beauti- 



156 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

ful spot where St. Vincent's hospital now stands. The north city 
line of Bridgeport was where Golden Hill street still is, near enough 
the city so that they could get in, in the early morning, dispose of 
their load, get together their return load, reaching Newtown on 
their return trip in the early morning of the second day out. 

The first report of the receipts for toll at the gates begins under 
date of October, 1815, which, from that date until Nov. 5, 1816, was $2,192.67, 
from Nov., 1816 to Nov. 22, 1817, it was $2,408.75; from Nov. 22, 1817, to Dec. 
1, 1818, $2,693.48; for 1819, $2,457.11. 

The writer does not feel warranted in fixing the date of the open- 
ing of the road when toll began to be taken, but the record of the 
doings of the coinpany indicate that the work, to what might be 
called its completion, extended over a period of at least six years. 
The books of the company further show that, from Nov. 20, 1819, 
when the first dividend was declared, to January, 1841, it paid the 
stockholders a quarterly dividend of 95c on a $50 share, skipping but 
four dividends during that time. From 1841 to 1864, the dividends 
were paid semi-annually in May and November. The approximate 
yearly average of toll receipts from 1830 to 1840 was $2,540.82. 
Out of that invist be paid the cost of repairs on roads and salaries of 
gatekeepers, before a dividend was declared. The average yearly 
receipts for toll as nearly as can be ascertained from the year 1818 
to the year 1840, was about $2,550 a year. With the completion of 
the Housatonic railroad in 1842, business along the turnpike began 
to drop ofif and in 1848 what was called the North gate, located near 
Brookfield line, was thrown open and no further toll collected at 
that point. 

Although the North gate was abandoned in 1848, there was no 
lessening of the expenses to keep up the turnpike. A few still live 
who can recall that there were a goodly number of teams / 
going over the road between New Milford and Newtown, destined 
for the Bridgeport market, and much that was forwarded from 
there to New York by water. 

Of course, with diminishing receipts, and running expenses of 
the company soinewhat on the increase, the dividends began to 
show a decided decline from what they were previous to 1860, but 
the company kept on its uniform course until 1880. 

Dec. 2, 1873, at the annual meeting of the stockholders at the Central 
House in Newtown it was "voted that the stockholders meet one year 
from this day at this place and that the proprietor of the Central House 
furnish them with a good supper. — Attest, Henry Sanford, clerk." 

Aproximate receipts for toll from 1860 to 1880 inclusive 



1860 


$ 960.57 


1867 


$1172.03 


1874 


$1252.03 


1861 


1055.67 


1868 


1290.86 


1875 


1064.11 


1862 


1084.95 


1869 


993.98 


1876 


957.41 


1863 


1077.94 


1870 


1111.43 


1877 


1072.32 


1864 


929.61 


1871 


1145.03 


1878 


1212.11 


1865 


1349.92 


1872 


1015.10 


1879 


1175.00 


1866 


1173.43 


1873 


1166.02 


1880 


1227.40 



In the year 1882, it was voted to pay a dividend of 55c on each 
share of stock for the preceding year, and in 1883 to pay a dividend 
of 40c. At the annual meeting of the turnpike company at William 
J. Dick's hotel in Newtown, Dec. 2, 1884, it was voted that the 
company pay a dividend of 20c on a share of $50. At a special 



OLD DAYS OF THE STAGE COACH 157 

meeting- at the same place, Jan. 19, 1886, it was voted to instruct 
the directors for the turnpike, to manage the affairs pertaining to 
its discontinuance to the best of their ability before the session of 
the General Assembly at Hartford for 1886, 

Dec. 21, 1886, voted that the directors of the company appear 
before the committee appointed by the Superior Court for hearing- 
said discontinuance. At a meeting at Leonard's hotel, formerly 
Dick's, Oct. 18, 1887, to hear and act upon the report of the doings 
of the directors and agents of the turnpike company in the proceed- 
ings to make its turnpike road a free public highway, to ratify the 
sale and disposition of the property of the company and divide the 
assets among the stockholders, after payment of its debt. Jan. 16, 
1888, it was reported that the treasurer of the company had $99.60 
in his hands for distribution and Charles Henry Peck, then treasur- 
er of the company, was instructed to pay 20-100 dollars per share 
as the final dividend which was made on the 23d day of Jan. 1888, 
on which date the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike Co. became 
a thing of the past. 

The toll received in 1841 was $1,009.30 from 1842 to 1843 it was 
$993,54, and in 1881 it was reported to be $17.07. Charles Henry 
Peck was its clerk when the books were closed and on the inside 
of the cover of the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike Co. records 
is written in a plain, bold hand this injunction : "I hope this book will be 
kept by some one, many years to come, as a souvenir.' — Charles Henry 
Peck, Ex-Clerk of sd Ex-Company. 

Thus it is that, though being dead, he yet speaketh. 

OLD DAYS OF THE STAGE COACH. 

BEFORE THE COMING OF THE RAILROAD. 

Facilities afforded in early days for carrying of passengers and 
speedy delivery of mails. In the Danbury Recorder, June 24, 1829, 
a one-sheet weekly then in the fourth year of its existence, and 
printed every Wednesday, several ads are found relating to the 
running of stages for 1829, intended more particularly for more 
important towns in Fairfield, New Haven and Litchfield counties : 

"Summer arrangement for the Norwalk, Bridgeport, New Haven, Wood- 
burj', Danbury and Litchfield stages : 

New Haven and Norwalk stage : This stage will leave the General Stage 
office. New Haven, at 7o'clock in the morning (Sundays excepted) and 
arrive at Norwalk in season for the passengers to take the steamboat for 
New York. Fare through, $3.00. Returning will leave Norwalk daily on 
the arrival of the steamboat. 

Woodbury and Norwalk stage: This stage will leave J. P. Marshall's 
stage house, Woodbury, on Alondays, Wednesday and Friday at 4 o'clock 
in the morning, and arrive at Norwalk by the way of Newtown and 
Bridgeport, in season for passengers to take the steamboat for New York. 
Fare through $3.50. Returning will leave Norwalk on Tuesday. Thursdays 
and Saturdays on the arrival of the steamboat. A stage from NewMilford 
regularly intersects this line at Newtown each way. 

Litchfield, Newtown, Danbury and Norwalk accommodation and mail 
stage : This stage leaves Danbury daily at 7 o'clock in the morning. 
Leaves Litchfield on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 4 o'clock in the 
afternoon on the arrival of the mail stage from Hartford, lodges at New 
Milford, leaves New Milford on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 4 
o'clock in the morning, changes horses at Newtown and arrives at Norwalk 
in season for passengers to take the steamboat for New York. Fare $4.00. 
Returning leaves Norwalk for Danbury daily, for Newtown, New Milford 



158 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

and Litchfield Tuesdays, Thursday's and Saturdays on the arrival of the 
steamboat from New York." 

S. Alott, E. Hayes, C. Patrick & Co., H. Barnes, proprietors. 

May, 1829. 

Danbury and Sing-Sing accomodation stage; Union Line: This line 
of stages commenced running from Danbury to Sing-Sing on Wednesday 
the 8th of April as follows : Leaving G. Nichols' hotel, Danbury every 
Monday, W^ednesday and Friday at 7 o'clock a. m., arriving at Sing-Sing at 
12 o'clock the same day, by the way of Mill-Plain, Sodom Corner and 
Summerstown. Returning leaves Sing-Sing immediately after the arrival 
of the steamboat Gen. Jackson, and arriving in Danbury at 6 o'clock p. m., 
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Baggage over 30 lbs, extra charge, 
and all baggage at the risk of the owner. Fare from Danbury to Summers- 
town, 75c; to Sing-Sing $1.50; to New York $2.00. This line of stages will 
intersect with Hartford, Litchfield, Newtown and New Haven stages, and 
is the quickest and shortest route from Danbury to New York, that can 
be traveled. 

N. B. The proprietors of this line of stages will assure the public that 
they have the first rate horses and carriages, and they think honest and 
capable drivers, who will spare no pains in making the passage safe, 
agreeable and expeditious. Gentlemen and ladies of this and neighboring 
town please to patronize us with a fair trial on this route to New York, 
and if you should think it not for your interest and convenience to go this 
way, we will excuse you from a further trial and be your very humble 
obedient servants." 

G. Nichols, Danbury, April 14, 1829. 

Danbury and Poughkeepsie mail stage : The public are hereby informed 
that a stage for the accommodation of passengers will commence running on 
the 21st. of April, between the village of Danbury and Poughkeepsie, twice a 
week. Leaving Danbury every Tuesday and Friday mornings at 6 o'clock 
a.m., passing Southeast, Patterson, Stormville, Hopewell and Hackensack, 
arrives in Poughkeepsie in time for the steamboat, either for New York 
or Albany, on the same day. Returning, leaves Poughkeepsie every 
Wednesday and Saturday mornings at 7 o'clock a. m., and arrives in Dan- 
bury where it meets all the eastern and southern stages. This is the 
easiest and most direct route from Long Island Sound to the Hudson river 
and persons traveling to the West or North, will by this stage, reach 
Albany one day sooner than by any other conveyance and at much less 
expense. For seats apply to A. Seely's and G. Nichols' hotel (Danbury and 
at Jarvis' hotel and the steamboat house, Poughkeepsie. Fare $2.00. All 
baggage at the risk of the owner. Joel Stone, Danbury, April 6, 1829. 

Those were times when the stage coach was in the height of its 
glory regarded as a rapid means of conveyance for carrying both 
passengers and mails. In the early 30s a line of stages was estab- 
lished between New Milford and Bridgeport, making daily trips 
and meeting at Czar Keeler's tavern, which stood just north of the 
Beecher residence. 

Arriving at noon-time, dinner was promptly served and fresh 
horses provided for the rest of the journey. The writer, too young to 
remember the stirring events of those early days, vividly recalls 
stories told by his elders on long winter evenings before the blaz- 
ing fires of the open fire-place. A cheering sight it must have been 
for the street folk when these stage-coaches, drawn by two pair of 
horses, went rattling through the streets, loaded down, as they 
sometimes were, outside and in, with passengers, with trunks and 
luggage piled on the top overhead, or tucked under the great leather 
boot covering in the rear. What an aniiuated and busy life it must 
have given the village street thoroughfare for vehicles of all kinds 
plying between the upper towns and Bridgeport, while an occasion- 
al blast from the drivers horn apprized the whole town of the 



HIGHWAY RECONSTRUCTION 159 

arrival and departure of the daily stage coach. With the comple- 
tion of the Housatonic railroad in 1842, a quietus was given not only 
to the stage line but to the turnpike company itself. Newtown's 
"Traveler's Directory" and the time of arrival and departure of 
mails from the Newtown postoffice, as advertised in July, 1853. 

Housatonic Railroad, Newtown Station. 

Car go North South 

Freight at 7.25 a. m., 12.42 p. m. 

Mail&pas'ger 11.10 a.m., 12.42 p. m. 

Special at 6.45 p. m., 9.00 a. m. 

Stages leave the Railroad Depot for Woodbury and Southbury daily at 
12 m. For Southville Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, 1 p. m. Hawley- 
ville Station, Danbury and Bethel stages arrive at 11 a. m., and 2.30 p. m. ; 
leave at 11.40 a. m., and 3 p. m. 

Newtown Postoffice mails arrive from the south, via railroad at 12.30 p. m. 
From the North via Railroad 12.30 p. m. 

From Woodbury and Southbury, via stage, daily at 12.30 p. m. 

From Southville by stage on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays, 
at 11.00 a. m. 

Mails close for the North, via railroad at 10.45 a. m. 

For the South, via railroad, at 10.45 a .m 

For Woodbury, Southbury, via stage daily at 10.45 a. m. 

For Southville by stage on Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays at 10 45 a. m. 
Post office open from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m. Sundays from 12m. to 1 p. m. 

Jerome Judson, P. M. 

HIGHWAY RECONSTRUCTION— NEWTOWN STREET TO 
SANDY HOOK.— 1834-1912. 

The first reference we find to laying out a highway from New- 
town village to Sandy Hook is under date of Nov. 18, 1715 : 
"We, that are the committee for to lay out highways, whose names are 
under written have this 18th day of November, 1715, laid out a highway or 
country road two miles from ye middle of ye town down by ye north side 
of ye old farm over Pohtatuck Brook and so toward ye single pine to a 
bunch of stones upon a rock which is two miles. The highway is 20 rods 
wide, according as common or undivided land will allow. We removed 
Daniel Foote's southwest corner of his four acre lot northwest six rods 
and we gave him seven rods at his east corner. Sd. Foot was present and 
consented to same. We lay out a road to go to Wodbury. We began it 
at ye first meadow in ye above sd road eastward of ye Pohtatuck Brook, 
turning of it more north till we come to some pines. We lay it 20 rods 
wide. 

Thomas Bennitt, 
John Glover 
Ebenezer Booth, 

Committee. 

Recorded, November 28, 1715. 

Joseph Peck, Clerk. 

As there could have been naught but natural obstructions in the 
lay-out of the highway, we cannot account for its serpentine course 
unless, in the lay out, the Indian trail as it led from the Pohtatuck 
on the banks of the Housatonic river over the hills westward to 
Quanneapague lake and on to Danbury and the Hudson, river, was 
followed. 

A century passed and the primitive way of working country 
roads continued. Men worked out their road tax with teams and 
shovels as best they could, content to share each with the others 
the privations and discomforts that fell to their lot. 

As water power was more and more developed, travel and 



160 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

business interests increased between the two villages and better 
roads were called for, but we learn nothing more until 1834, when, 
upon complaint to the County Court of Fairfield county, from tax 
payers living in the easterly and southeasterly part of the town in 
regard to the condition of the highway leading from the Newtown 
Church to Zoar Bridge, the following complaint was made : 

Complaint for Ragged Corner Road. 

To the selectmen of Newtown, Gentlemen : Complaint has been made to 
me that the road leading from the Newtown church to Zoar Bridge is in 
bad repair so much that it is unsafe to pass over it in carriages or wagons. 
This therefore is to request you to put said read in good and safe repair 
without delay and spare me the disagreeable necessity of bringing thi 
subject before the County Court. The complaint is signed by 20 persons 
who represent the road to have been much neglected for a long time past. 
They are desirous that I should go immediately upon the road and view it. 
I have thought however that it would be reasonable that you should first 
be notified, that no unnecessary expense should be made to the town. I 
hope you will have the goodness to attend to this road soon and that no 
further proceeding on my part will be necessary. Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

April 1834. ^- ^- Baldwin, Sheriff. 

Early in Dec. 1834, a town meeting considered the question of a 
highway from Sandy Hook to connect with the Bridgeport and 
Newtown turnpike, at some point in South Center school district, 
near the house of Widow Lavina Burritt, to near the house of 
Elijah Sanford in Sandy Hook, and by vote of the tax payers it was 
left to the selectmen to look over the ground and report at an 
adjourned town meeting, Dec. 22, 1834. At that meeting, it was 
voted, "To accept the report of the selectmen so far as relates to the road 
from Sandy Hook to intersect the Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike near 
Widow Lavina Burritt's as reported by Silas Glover and others." It was 
also voted "that the selectmen be directed to lay out a highway beginning 
at or near the house of Widow Lavina Burritt to near the house of Elijah 
Sanford in Sandy Hook." 

As the writer is perfectly familiar with the lay-out of that pro- 
posed highway, though never built, using it week in and week out, 
when in 1854-55 and '56 he was teaching the Sandy Hook school 
and boarding at his childhood home, we give the course it was 
decided it should take. Elijah Sanford's house is what is now 
known as the Gibson place. The road was to start in at the west of 
the house near the present gateway and taking a southwesterly 
course, follow along the easterly side of the ridge still covered by 
the beautiful line of white oaks, crossing Tom brook (that runs 
through the intervale down the open, to empty into the Pohtatuck 
not far from the pond near Sandy Hook bridge,) then up the slope 
and across the level where the railroad now runs, following on 
southwesterly along the north side of Deep brook, and on between 
the houses of Jerry Carey on the north and Miss Joanna Keating 
on the south, to connect with the road that passed by the houf^.e of 
Mrs. Ruth Prindle, now the home of Julia Prindle, then to turn to 
the bend and follow the highway as it led to the house of Widow 
Lavina Burritt, which is still standing. There the new highway 
was to connect with the turnpike. 

Does the reader wonder why Sandy Hook and Bennett's Bridge 
territorv should clamor for such road, that would turn so much 



HIGHWAY RECONSTRUCTION 161 

Hravel from Newtown Street? The turnpike was an assured thing 

and in successful operation. The new lay-out would be an easy 

■grade the whole distance, not much different in measurement than 

^the road from Sandy Hook to Newtown Street and that all the way 

up hill. 

Although the lay-out of the road was accepted, yet, for some 
reason, not on record, the project was abandoned. It did not do 
• away with further effort to connect Sandy Hook with the Bridge- 
Iport turnpike at some point below the village of Newtown. For in 
U837, another special town meeting was called for the express pur- 
ipose of considering the same matter. 

I Warning is hereby given to the inhabitants of the Town of Newtown 
qualified to vote in town meeting that a town meeting will be held at the 
Town hall in said Newtown on Saturday, the 17th inst., June, at 2 o'clock 
in the afternoon for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety 
,of repairing the middle turnpike road or such parts of the same, as said 
^meeting may think advisable, or to survey and lay out a new road from 
ithe Episcopal church to the village of Sandy Hook in the most feasible 
place and also the necessity of laying an additional highway tax and to do 
other business if necessary. Abijah Merritt 

J James B. Fairman 

Israel A. Beardsley, 
Newtown, June 10, 1837. Selectmen. 

j For some reason the meeting called for June 10, 1837, went by 
'default and an indignant contingent of tax payers quietly bided their 
time until Nov., 1838, when this petition was circulated. This peti- 
tion was signed by 20 tax payers and reads : 

To James B. Fairman, Abijah Merritt and Isreal A. Beardsley, the honor- 
able selectmen of the Town of Newtown, We, the petitioners resident 
'electors of the Town of Newtown represent to your body that whereas the 
jroad known as the road running from the bridge situated at Sandy Hook 
ito the Episcopal church, situated in Newtown Center is entirely out of 
I repair, dangerous to travel and ridiculously inconvenient to a very large 

! proportion of the inhabitants of said town. We therefore, petition your 
body to call a meeting to take into consideration the necessity and expedi- 
ency of repairing said road, or laying out a new road on or near the line 
of said road, and we further petition that said meeting be called within 
I two weeks from date of this petition or as soon as legal. 
I Newtown, November 5, 1838. 

jjohn Dick, Charles Blakeslee, A. B. Beecher, William Clark, Stiles H. 
iJudson, George Curtis, Samuel B. Peck, David J. Glover, J. S. Tomlinson, 
, H. W. Tucker, Abijah B. Curtiss, Charles L. Dick, S. N. Beers, Warren 
I Sherman, David Sanford, Royal O. Gurley, Moses Parsons, Ezra Patch, 
(Josiah Sanford, Joseph Dick. 

I In response to this petition, the selectmen called a special town meeting, 
I Nov. 28, 1838 : 

I Warning: Whereas a petition of a number of inhabitants of said town 
for a special town meeting to be warned forthwith for the purpose of 
I taking the subject into consideration of the expediency of repairing the 
I old road leading from the Episcopal church in said Newtown to Sandy 
i' Hook bridge or the laying out of a new road from the Episcopal church to 
I said Sandy Hook bridge. 

j James B. Fairman. 

Abijah Mirritt, 
Isreal A. Beardsley, 
I Newtown, November 16, 1838. Selectmen. 

I At this town meeting, Nov. 28, the selectmen were ordered to 
1 repair the road from the Episcopal church to Sandy Hook bridge 
I and no new lay-out for a road was tolerated. 



162 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

At the town meeting, Nov. 28, 1838, the opposition to building a 
new highway from Newtown Street to Sandy Hook was so strong 
that no further effort was made along that line. 

In 1838, the Hovisatonic railroad was commenced, survey for 
which had been completed. The location for the railroad station 
had been decided and so decided as to satisfy the people of the two 
villages of Newtown and Sandy Hook. All the more care was 
given to the upkeep of the highway between the two villages, 
although the idea of Sandy Hook having an outlet to the Newtown 
and Bridgeport turnpike at some point in a southwesterly direction, 
a mile or two below Newtown village, had not all that time been 
given up and was held in abeyance until 1872. In the early part of 
January of that year, a petition having the requisite number of sign- 
ers was placed in the hands of Newtown's selectmen, asking for a 
special town meeting, held Jan. 27, 1872: 

Warning is hereby given that a special town meeting will be held for the 
purpose of taking into consideration the propriety and necessity of survey- 
ing and laying out a new highway commencing near the watering trough 
and residence of Mrs Samuel B. Peck, running southwesterly and terminat- 
ing on the old highway near the dwelling house of John McNamara (the 
house where Thomas Carey lives.) 

The meeting voted that the selectmen be instructed to survey and 
estimate the cost of said road and report at an adjourned meeting. At the 
adjourned meeting, the selectmen's report was read and a resolution passed 
instructing the selectmen to lay out and construct a new highway over the 
route proposed. The vote was by ballot and carried by a majority of three. 
Yes 129, no 126. Exciteinent ran high. Another special meeting 
was held to rescind the vote. Feb. 17, 1872. A motion by Dr. 
Erastus Erwin to rescind passed at the special meeting, Jan. 17, 
voted upon by ballot. A large number of those who favored it 
lived in the south part of town and worked in the rubber factory, 
in Sandy Hook. There were 381 ballots, yes 186, no 195, and the 
motion was lost. Another special meeting, Saturday, May 25, 1872, 
to lay out a highway over practically the same route, to run under 
the Housatonic railroad near the dwelling of Martin Keating, and 
terminating on the old highway a few rods south of the dwelling 
of John McNamara. A vote passed without discussion that the 
meeting adjourn without date, and attention was again directed to 
the improvetnent of the Middle turnpike, as it was called, from 
Newtown to Sandy Hook. A special town meeting called for May 
10, 1872, voted that the road from Sandy Hook bridge to Newtown 
Street be graded and gravelled and a committee of three appointed 
to contract and superintend the same provided that the amount 
expended do not exceed $3,000. The committee were instructed to 
contract for the grading and gravelling and to borrow the money 
in the name of the town, if there were not sufficient funds in the 
treasury to defray the expense. An ainendinent was carried that, 
in the place of $3,000, $2900 should be substituted; carried by accla- 
mation. 

William J. Dick, Jabez Botsford and Henry L. Wheeler were 
appointed committee to contract and superintend the work of 
grading and gravelling the road from Sandy Hook bridge to New- 
town street and to pay for the same. A special meeting, Aug. 23, 



HIGHWAY RECONSTRUCTION 163 

1873, voted an additional tax of one mill to defray in part the 
gravelling of Sandy Hook and Newtown road. 

Between 1850 and 1870 public sentiment seems to have settled 
to its normal condition. Then came another wave of dissatisfaction 
in regard to the road from Newtown Street to Sandy Hook. 
Special town meetings were called galore, many of which have been 
referred to, but further consideration of another effort to get a 
highway to connect Sandy Hook and points adjacent with the 
Bridgeport turnpike southwesterly was agitated, until it resulted 
in a call for a town meeting in November, 1874. 

' The meeting, Nov. 28, 1874, voted that the lay-out of a highway 
|to Martin Keating's house be indefinitely postponed. A special 
town meeting Dec. 26, 1874, to act upon the petition of Martin 
Keating and others for a road and two bridges from the house of 
Martin Keating, meeting and connecting with the public road near 
the dwelling of Widow Keating (now Mrs James Corbett's) refer- 
ring to his old right of way, the same right of way to continue 
thereafter a road fit for public travel. The special meeting Dec. 26, 

1874, voted: That the selectmen lay out and construct a highway from 
jMartin Keating's first house to the highway on the west side of said road, 
provided that Martin Keating and Widow Keating will deed all their right 

1 of way to the town for public use. 

j The road was built and is now in use. 

In 1885 a sidewalk from Newtown to the Sandy Hook bridge was 
agitated and at a special town meeting, March 13, 1886, the select- 
men were instructed to lay a plank or tar walk on the north side of 
the road from Newtown Street to Sandy Hook, near the Niantic 
, mills, should a tar walk be laid, plank might be substituted where 
;tar was impracticable. The petition had more than 20 names. A 
i resolution offered by William C. Wile that the selectmen be in- 
.structed to lay a tar walk on the north side of the highway four feet, 
six inches wide, not to cost over $2,000 was passed. 

At a special town meeting, March 20, 1883, by petition to consider 
'ithe vote passed at the special meeting of March 13, 1883, the 
j selectmen were instructed by resolution to commence work as soon 
|as practicable. As the walk was never built, we consider that the 
iselectmen never found a time when they thought it practicable. 

j Upon petition, a town meeting was warned for the 15th of March, 
'1890, to macadamize or gravel the highway leading from Newtown 

Street to Sandy Hook bridge and to provide means for the work. Voted that 
la committee of five be authorized to expend a sum not exceeding $4,000 in 
jmacadamizing the road from Samuel C. Glover's house in Newtown Street 
'to the Newtown depot of the Housatonic railroad, said road not to be less 
jthan 12 feet wide, and to expend a sum not to exceed $500 in gravelling or 
'■macadamizing the road from the depot to Sandy Hook bridge, and that the 
f selectmen be three of that committee and L. B. Booth and D. G. Beers 

the other two. The committee were empowered to borrow not to exceed 
|M500. Another special meeting, March 29, 1890, voted to confirm and 
(ratify the doings of the last town meeting. 

' At a special meeting Feb. 28, 1891, it was voted that the whole matter of 
(building a sidewalk from Newtown to Sandy Hook be indefinitely post- 
poned. 

{ 



164 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

At a special town meeting, Aug. 13, 1892, to take action regarding the 
macadamized road from the head of Newtown Street to the Housatonic 
railroad, and the construction of a road without side ditches from the 
South Center schoolhouse to the intersection of the macadamized road in 
Newtown, it was voted that the selectmen make such repairs as they 
thought necessary on the macadamized road from Newtown Street to the 
Housatonic railroad. A special meeting. April 24, 1893, considered buying a 
stone crusher and engine plant complete for said town and to make a 
proper side walk between Newtown Street and Sandy Hook. A resolution 
to purchase a stone crusher and engine complete the cost not to exceed 
$1800, was lost 99 to 58. 

Two htindred years have passed since the lay-out of the road was 
made and the long steep grade of Church hill had not varied much 
in all that time. With the completion of the State road from 
New^town Street to the Monroe line and with the road to Sandy 
Hook included in the State w^ork, drastic measures have been taken 
to eliminate the grade of Church hill to a great degree, and with the 
improvements along the line to the railroad station ,it w^ould seem 
that the permanency of the work is assured for many years to come. 
When further improvements on the same line from the station to 
Sandy Hook eliminated the abrupt curve of the road by Tom Brook 
and widened the bridge that spans that stream, no stretch of road 
will be found in the state that will be better. The work is a credit 
to Highway Commissioner McDonald, as well as to C. M. Crosby, 
foreman, in charge of the work ; to the contractors, the B. D. Pierce 
Co. of Bridgeport and Newtown's First Selectman William C. John- 
son, inspector for the state. The most drastic part of the work was 
cutting down and grading Church hill. From the summit of the hill 
and for about half of its length a cut was made averaging in depth 
from four to hve feet, with the deepest cut about seven feet. From 
the point where the cut runs out to the watering trough, a heavy fill 
was made, the deepest part of which may measure from five to seven 
feet. The road bed the length of the hill was laid out 26 feet in 
width. The hill is extremely wet and springy and a rubble stone 
drain three feet wide and three feet deep was dug in the center of 
the roadbed from the top of the hill for 300 feet, to carry the water 

that would accuinulate by seepage to an open ditch at the bottom 
of the hill. For surface drainage, cobble gutters on either side of 
the road extended half the length of the hill, carrying the water 
into catch basins, that empty into 12-inch drain tile that carry the 
water to the outlets at the foot of the hill. In front of all drive- 
ways 12-inch tile have been laid. The entire road has been crowned 
with gravel to the depth of 10 inches and has been thoroughly 
rolled by a heavy steam roller. On top of the gravel, several 
hundred tons of crushed rock have been carted upon the road and 
that, too, has been rolled down with the steam roller. In front of 
the High School property, the plank bridge has been replaced with 
24-inch tile which extends along the whole front of the school 
grounds, w^hich will insure an unbroken front of lawn almost to the 
wheel track. At the junction of the Queen street road with the 
State highway, a double 15-inch tiling takes the place of the plank 
bridge. 



BUILDING, EQUIPMENT, RUNNING EXPENSES AND NET 

PROCEEDS IN THE EARLIEST DAYS OF THE 

HOUS ATONIC RAILROAD 1835-1843. 

I have a report of the directors of the Housatonic Railroad Co. 
made to the stockholders at the annual meeting, Nov. 22, 1842, and 
report of the investigating committee made at the same time. 

At the beginning of the work of building the road I was a babe 
in the cradle and but 10 years when the trains began running on 
schedule time. My father was one of those interested in the pro- 
ject of building the road. When the report for 1842 came out, he 
with others received a copy. This report was handed down from 
father to son, and has been carefully kept for more than 50 years. 

As early as 1835, the question of connecting the seaboard at 
Bridgeport with Albany by railroad began to be agitated along the 
Housatonic valley, which, in due time, resulted in a stock company; 
stock was subscribed to the amount of $869,500. So sanguine were 
the projectors of the ultimate success of the scheme, they did not 
wait until the whole amount of stock required for building this 
entire line was guaranteed before breaking ground at Bridgeport, 
with New Milford as the first objective point. When the prelim- 
inary work of survey, purchasing right of way, etc., had been 
completed, construction was soon under way. Commencing at 
Bridgeport and working slowly up the valley, it was watched with 
much curious interest and statements were freely made that it 
would never be completed and would be the cause of bankrupting 
every one who put money into it. The work progressed but slowly, 
for it was all done with hand shovels, hand picks, hand blasting 
tools, wheelbarrows and one-horse dump carts. The steam shovel 
had not taken the place of the wheelbarrow, the steam drill had not 
taken the place of sledge hammers, swung by sturdy arms of men 
who working in triplets, by alternate blows upon a drill held and 
manipulated by a third person slowly bored the way into solid rock 
nor had the lightning been harnessed to take the place of the boy 
depended on to carry "hurry messages" from one stand point to 
another. As the work pushed on though Stepney, Botsford, New- 
town, and Hawleyville, reaching the latter place through a tunnel, 
whose construction was the wonder of all the people far and near, 
continuing its tortuous winding way along the valley to New 
Milford, people became less incredulous and an impetus was given 
to the sale of stock. The completion of the roadbed to New IMil- 
ford had more than kept pace with the selling of stock, and it was 
decided to call a halt in work on the road-bed further on, for the 
time being, and complete track-laying from tide-water to New 
Milford, so that they could begin running trains. In laying the 
track, first was laid what were called mud-sills : timbers hewed 
from large white oak and chestnut trees 8 inches thick and from 
12 to 16 feet in length, imbedded in the earth, laid parallel with the 
road-bed, on which were laid cross-ties flattened on one side to lie 
firmly on the mud-sills. The ties had niches cut at either end, eight 
inches wide and six inches deep, to receive the Southern pine 



166 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

timbers on which were spiked the long strips of iron on which the 
wheels of the engines and cars were run. These strips were three 
inches wide and an inch thick, fastened on the wooden rails by iron 
spikes, the heads of which were countersunk into the strip. It was 
soon found that the oscillations of the engine and cars caused the 
ends of the straps to spring up, making what came to be called 
"snake heads," which would at times be caught up by the wheels 
of the car and thrust through the floor, endangering the lives of 
passengers. In course of time, that track gave way to the all-iron 
rail, to be discarded at a later period for the heavy steel rails in use 
to-day, with which all are familiar. 

The first through passenger train on the Housatonic railroad 
from New Milford to Bridgeport was on St. Valentine's day, 1840. 
That does not mean that no train was seen anywhere on the line 
until that date, for, as track-laying extended north of Bridgeport, 
a work train would naturally follow with rails and other supplies 
as the work advanced, so that there was daily expectancy of seeing 
the locomotive. It was in the early winter of 1839-1840, when the 
writer, having just passed his seventh birthday, was sitting on the 
little bench at the schoolhouse, close to the box-stove, looking at 
the big boys and girls on the outside benches craning their necks 
in great expectancy. Some one shouted, "The locomotive is coming," 
whereupon all the children, without a permit from the teacher, 
went helter-skelter out the door and on to the stone walls where 
all stood in mute amazement to see the first of these work trains 
as it passed. 

Domestic animals were more excited than were human beings. 
My grandfather had a five-year-old colt in his barnyard never 
broken to harness, that scaled an eight-board fence, and, from all 
reports, did not stop until it reached ZoarBridge, where it was 
found a few days later. Ever after the horse went by the name of 
Gabriel. The Housatonic was the first railroad built in Connecticut. 
It was looked upon with great interest, not only as a business 
proposition, but also as likely to revolutionize modes and speed 
of travel. 

The first engines were small affairs, wood burners, with no 
protection from the weather, either for engineer or fireman. The 
coaches were on four wheeled trucks ; also the freight cars, which 
for the most part were openly exposed to all kinds of weather. By 
the report of the directors to the stockholders at the annual meet- 
ing in Oct. 1838, it appears that a contract had been made for the 
construction of the entire road from Bridgeport to the Massachu- 
setts State line for $936,000. The report further says : "Under 
that contract the road was made from Bridgeport to New Milford, 
and the cars of the company commenced running upon it, between 
those places, in 1840." Running of the first train from New Milford 
to Bridgeport told me in my younger days : On the 14th day of 
Feb. 1840, an excursion train was run to celebrate the completion 
of the road as far as New Milford. The train reached Newtown 
from New Milford about noon, where it was greeted by an outpour- 







CO 

I. 



X — 






Oh 



BUILDING OF HOUSATONIC RAILROAD 167 

ing of people from all parts of town, a few of whom boarded the 
train for the eventful trip, among whom were Legrand Fairchild, 
(Botsford Fairchild's father) and Zalmon S. Peck, Newtown's long 
known and well-remembered postmaster of later years. The run 
was made to Bridgeport without accident. The end of the road was 
at the foot of Beaver Street, now Fairfield avenue, with a short 
branch over which to shunt cars to the steamboat dock, where 
freight destined for New York was transferred to the boat. On the 
dock was a big pile of wood. The cars were cut off to allow them 
to run down to the landing. Hand brakes at first were only stout 
planks thrust through openings in the floor of the car and held 
against the wheels by the brakemen. The momentum of the train 
was too great for the power applied and the cars smashed into the 
pile of wood at the end of the track. Among those badly injured 
was Zalmon S. Peck of Newtown, whose right thigh was caught by 
the platform of the car and badly broken. He was taken to a hotel, 
corner of Wall and Water streets, where he remained until some- 
time in April, when he had so far recovered as to be taken home. 
There were four others injured at the same time, and in the settle- 
ment with the railroad, the company paid Mr. Peck $614.11. He 
was a sufferer from that accident the rest of his life. 

In Dec, 1840, a settlement was made with the contractors by the 
directors. The sum of $459,153.13, was allowed for the work done, 
and the contract was abandoned, the company reserving to itself 
all claims which it might have upon the contractors for defect of 
plan, construction or materials of the bridges over the Housatonic 
and Still river, subject to future adjustment. In the autumn of 1840 
a new contract was made with Alfred Bishop, of Bridgeport for the 
construction of the northern division of the road from New Milford 
to the Massachusetts line for $500,000. This division of the road 
was completed and opened to North Canaan, about a mile and a 
quarter from the Massachusetts line, on the 27th of December, 1841, 
For work done under this contract, Air. Bishop was paid in March, 
1842. $492,405.05 and was released from his contract and the untin- 
inshed part was completed at the expense of the company. With 
the Massachusetts State line once reached, the directors made 
the Berkshire railroad a perpetual lease to keep it in repair and pay 
for its use a rent of 7 per cent per annum upon its cost, not exceed- 
ing $250,000. Its track, of the same width as that of the Housatonic 
and of the same material, could be used in connection with the 
Housatonic as one entire road, forming a connecting link with what 
was called the western railroad, leading from Boston to z\lbany and 
the West, which then meant as far as Syracuse, where passengers 
could change to the "Canal Packet-boat, for Buffalo." The annual 
report goes on to say : 

"The Board of Directors have at last the pleasure to announce the final 
completion of an unbroken communication from Bridgeport to Albany. 
That consummation of our efforts during fivfe years of constant struggling 
with embarrassments and difficulties of no ordinary character, is at length 
accomplished, and we are now to learn whether our anticipations of the 
value of the improvement to the community, and its productiveness, as an 
investment to the stockholders, are to be realized or disappointed. In 
conclusion we would offer to the stockholders our congratulations upon 



168 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

the completion of the great project undertaken by them, and express the 
opinion, that, provided some measure shall be adopted during the coming 
winter to provide for the payment of a portion of the indebtedness of the 
company, we may see it relieved from its embarrassments and hereafter 
doing a successful business and conferring upon the community important 
benefits " 

From the report of the directors of the Housatonic Railroad Co. made 
to the stockholders at the annual meeting in Bridgeport, Conn., Nov. 23, 
1842, statistics concerning cost of "right of way," equipment, earnings of 
the road, expenses of the road, expenses of transportation department, etc: 

Right of way $ 56,659.15 Freights $61,719.14 

Grading and superstructure 968,542.48 Passengers 42,541.91 

Turn-rounds 1,182.89 Transporting mails 1,612.94 

Depots and engine houses 13,632.45 

Engineering 24,407.23 $105,873.99 

From April 16 to October 1, 1842: 

Total cost of Road $1,064,424.20 Freights $21,556.51 

Cost of Rolling Stock : Passengers 15,065.22 

5 Engines $32,500.00 Transporting mails 1,375.73 

10 Cars for passengers 15,200.00 ~ 

69 Freight cars 19,900.00 $37,997.46 

9 hand cars 660.00 — — 

Amount of earnings $143,870.72 



$68,260.00 Expenses 76,899.55 

Earnings, from opening of the Road Net proceeds $66,971.17 

to 16th of April, 1842 : Add wood on hand 1,500.00 

$68,471.17 

Salaries of employees of the roads, depot agents, engineers, conductors, 
track men, and day laborers : 

Depot agents, Bridgeport: R. B. Lacey, per month, $50.00, C. A. Kirkland 
$41.65, A. W. Fox, $30.00, E. F. Sherwood, $28.00, four laborers, rate of $26.00, 
Stepney— A. Northrop, $12.50, Botsford— E. Botsford, $6.00, Newtown- 
Henry May, $10.42, Hawleyville— D. B. Hawley, $25.00, Brookfield— $10.42, 
New Milford— D. Marsh, $33.34, Gaylords' Bridge— J. J. Graves, $25.00, Kent, 
R. H. Piatt, $20.00, Cornwall— $10.42, Cornwall Bridge— F. W. Pease, $25.00, 
West Cornwall— C. Pratt, $20.00, Falls Village— D. H. Hunt, $25.00, North 
Canaan— J. R. Fuller, $33.34. Shefifield— E. F. Ensign, $25.00, Great Barring- 
ton— C. W. Hopkins, $33.34, West Stockbridge, W. Jones, $41.66. 

Engineers: E. F. Moore, $83.33, R. Benjamin, $45.00, P. Tait, $50.00, H. 
Kimball, $50.00, J. B. Hawley, $50.00, W. Sterling, $40.00. 

Nine others are employed in engine department with pay from $22 to $30 
per month. 

Conductors: T. P. Prentice, $41.66, A. D. Smith, $60.00, H. Edwards, $35.00, 
J. Bostwick, $35.00. 
Five others are employed on the cars, with pay from $24 to $26 per month. 

Expenses paid at the transportation department from the opening of the 
road until Oct. 1, 1842: Bridgeport, $7,319.41, Botsford, $123.25, Stepney, 
$571.83, Newtown, $789.31, Hawleyville, $881.04, Brookfield, $387.25, New 
Milford, $2,867, Gaylord's Bridge, $377.92, Kent, $423.58, Cornwall Bridge, 
$283.87, West Cornwall $212.95, Falls Village, $251.83, North Canaan, $1,076.60. 

In the smith shop: B. Hotchkiss $39.50, S. Hull $32.50, H. Zabonlinski 
$26.00, G. B. Smith, carpenter, $30.00, E. Hogan, Watchman $24.00. 

21 men, including track walkers and spike men, are employed in repair- 
ing the road; pay from $20 to $37.75 per month. 

Nine laborers at the several depots, employed in sawing wood, etc. pay, 
from $20 to $26 per month. 
The company employs 90 persons besides its ofificers. In the foregoing 



BUILDING OF HOUSATONIC RAILROAD 169 

list of engineers, conductors, mechanics and day laborers, we have what 
may be called the working force of the Housatonic, 90 persons in all, be- 
sides its officers, as given in the annual report of the company for 1842. 
Up to the 18th of April, 1842, the business done upon the road had been 
much less than anticipated, amounting only to $9,723.64, one reason given 
for which was that navigation of the Hudson river, by reason of the 
unusual mildness of the weather, continued most of the winter unobstruct- 
ed, diverting traffic from the railroad to the river boats. Earnings and 
expenses of the road from the first of December, 1841, to April 16, 1842, 
a net income of $882.41, per day, for 118 days: 

Earnings,— Freight $18,667.24 

Passengers 10,579.56 

Mail 875.00 



Gross earnings $30,121.80 

Equal to $225.26 per day. 118 running 

days. 

Expenses 20,398.16 



Net proceeds 9,723.64 

Equal to $82.41 per day 
Expenses, including depot expenses and all expenses of transportation 
department, salaries of officers, repairs of road, etc., $20,398.16. Equal to 
$172.86 per day. 

With 1843, R. B. Mason, superintendent of the Housatonic, issued an order 
that on and after Jan. 16, there should be one passenger and one freight train 
each way, daily excepting Sunday, between Bridgeport and West Stock- 
bridge, and that passengers should be at the depots 15 minutes before time 
for the cars to leave. The train for the north should leave Newtown at 1 :25 
p. m. and, going south, should leave Newtown at 4.50 p. m. schedule time 
between Newtown and Bridgeport, one hour and 15 minutes. 
Leave Passenger Freight 

Bridgeport 12.15 a.m. 6.30 a.m. 

Newtown 1.25 p. m. 8.25 a. m. 

Hawleyville 1.45 p. m. 9.00 a. m. 

New Milford 2.30 p. m. 10.15 a. m. 

Kent 3.30 p.m. 11.15 a.m. 

West Corwall 4.20 p. m. 12.10 p. m. 

North Canaan 5.15 p.m. 1.05 p.m. 

Great Barrington 6.00 p. m. 2.15 p. m. 

West Stockbridge 6.45 p. m. 3.15 p. m. 

Passenger and freight trains going south : 

Leave Passenger Freight 

West Stockbridge 11.30 a.m. 5.00 a.m. 

Great Barrington 12.15 p. m 6.00 a. m. 

North Canaan 1.05 p. m. 7.00 a. m. 

West Corwall 1.45 p. m. 8.00 a. m. 

Kent 2.35 p. m. 9.00 a. m. 

New Milford 3.35 p. m. 10.15 a. m. 

Hawleyville 4.30 p.m. 11.15 a.m. 

Newtown 4.50 p.m. 11.50 p.m. 

Bridgeport 6.00 p.m. 1.50 p.m. 

The Postmaster at Bridgeport also gave this notice. 
Post Office Bridgeport 

Jan. 24, 1843 
A mail agent has been appointed by the Postmaster General on the line 
from Bridgeport to West Stockbridge to accommodate and to take charge 
of the mails from the postoffice in Bridgeport to the postoffice at West 
Stockbridge and from the postoffice at West Stockbridge to the post- 
office at Bridgeport. He is also directed to act as mail messenger and in 
that capacity to receive letters written after the mail is closed, and way 
letters and other mailable matter, to note on them where received, if on 
the route, if not into the office at the end of the route at which they 
should be mailed, and also to the person addressed when desired and 



170 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

practicable. He is instructed to receive postage on prepaid letters, and 
collect it on letters not prepaid when delivered him. The above arrange- 
ment will commence this day, January, 24, 1843. 

J. Sherman, Jr., P. M. 
For the accommodation of the towns of Danbury, Bethel and 
the south part of Brookfield, it was decided that the third station 
in Newtown was to be near the extreine northerly part of town, 
and, one inducement to have it located at Hawleyville, Glover 
Hawley, then a resident, gave land for depot buildings, and also 
gave the right of way of over a quarter of a mile through his farm. 
His home was the brick house at Hawleyville and, when a post- 
ofifice was established there. Glover Hawley was first postmaster. 
In return, the station was named Hawleyville for him and the 
nutnerous Hawleys in that vicinity. 

NEWTOWN'S POSTOFFICES AND POSTMASTERS 1800—1912. 

Names of postmasters, date of appointment and time of service 
of each official from the first incumbent down to 1912. 

The writer obtained the information from the postoffice depart- 
ment at Washington, through the First Assistant Postmaster 
General. Down to 1843, there was but one postoffice in town, 
which was, as a matter of course, located in the village. The first 
appointinent was dated, Oct. 1, 1800, Caleb Baldwin, postinaster, 
and the office became permanently established, Jan. 1, 1801. Caleb 
Baldwin was one of the town's leading business men : town clerk, 
from 1800 to 1840; the records remain as a lasting monument to his 
memory. Newtown's second postmaster was Czar Keeler, appoint- 
ed. May 29, 1820, holding office 17 years. March 8, 1837, Thomas 
Blackman was appointed and held office for four years. May 28, 
1841, D V. B. Baldwin's appointment was announced, and he held 
the office about two years. This brings us down to 1843, when 
trains began running on the Housatonic railroad, one mail each 
week-day, being carried each way. Henry May the company's 
agent at Newtown, obtained the appointment of postmaster, and 
tried the experiment of having the postoffice removed to the depot, 
to make it more convenient for people living east of the railroad, 
more especially for the convenience of people living in Sandy Hook. 
The change did not work and the department at Washington order- 
ed its removal back to Newtown street. Henry May served as 
postmaster, for a little more than three years. Charles B. Curtis 
was appointed, serving less than two years, when David 
H. Johnson, merchant, trading in a store just north of 
Trinity Rectory, was appointed. His was a short term, his 
successor, Nathan W. Keeler, being appointed. Keeler was 
son of Czar Keeler, Newtown's second postmaster. He was a 
merchant tailor, and ran the office in connection with his trade for 
three years, when his successor, A. S. Treat, was appointed. 
Treat was a young lawyer, not of Newtown birth, and 
received the appointment of postmaster under Millard Fillmore, 
who had succeeded to the presidency by the death of Zachary 
Taylor. His tenure of office was brief, for in March, 1843, Franklin 
Pierce was inaugurated President, and as "to the victor belong the 




W 1LS(_)X M. REYXOLUS 



NEWTOWN'S POSTOFFICES AND POSTMASTERS 171 

spoils," Jerome Judson, a born Democrat was appointed postmaster 
which office he held for a little more than eight years. 
In 1861, Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated President, and Zalmon 
S. Peck was appointed Newtown's postmaster, April 27, 1861. 
From that time to the present, the names we are to deal with are 
those well known to those who have reached or passed middle life. 
In April, 1867, an assassin's bullet killed the President and Andrew 
Johnson became his successor. He made radical changes in office, 
some for and others without cause, and, March 27, 1867, Charles 
Henry Peck was appointed postmaster, holding office until April, 
1869, when, under Grant's administration, Zalmon S. Peck was re- 
appointed, holding office until the incoming of Cleveland, in 1885. 
Postmaster Z. S. Peck's record is for a longer period than that of 
any back to the beginning, covering approximately 24 years, less 
two intervening, when Charles Henry Peck was in the office under 
Andrew Johnson. 

When Grover Cleveland assumed the presidential office, he 
appointed L. B. Booth postmaster, one of Newtown's later mer- 
chants, Nov. 17, 1883. Three of the next four are Newtown born, 
while the last named has, with his family, been ours by adoption 
many, many years. John B. Wheeler received appointment, April 
20, 1889, serving a four-year term. John J. Northrop's appointment 
came June 22, 1893, one term under Cleveland's second administra- 
tion. George F. Duncombe's appointment came May 21, 1897, 
covering a little more than eight consecutive years. Wilson M. 
Reynolds, received appointment Oct. 13, 1905, under the Roosevelt 
administration. 

Newtown's postmasters, as given by the First Assistant Post- 
master General, Oct. 19, 1912: 

Caleb Baldwin, Jan. 1. 1801; Czar Keeler, May 29, 1820; Thomas Blackman, 
March 8, 1837; D. V. B. Baldwin, May 28, 1841; Henry May, August 15, 1843; 
Charles B. Curtis, October 23, 1846; David H. Johnson, Jan. 14, 1848; Nathan 
W. Keeler, Feb. 28, 1850; Amos S. Treat, Jan. 10, 1853; Jerome Judson, June 
2, 1853; Zalmon S. Peck, April 27, 1861; Charles H. Peck, March 27, 1867; 
Zalmon S. Peck. April 26 ; 1869 ; Levi B. Booth, Nov. 17, 1885 ; John B. Wheeler, 
April 20, 1889; John J. Northrop, June 22, 1893 ; George F.,Duncombe, May 21, 
1897; Wilson M. Reynolds, Oct. 13, 1905; Robert Bradley, June 1, 1914. 

When the Housatonic railroad was finished so that trains began 
to run on schedule time, it was plain that new conditions called for 
two more postoffices in Newtown, one at Cold Spring, the other at 
Hawleyville. The stage coach must give way to steam. The post- 
office department was appealed to and Nov. 10, 1843, one was 
established at Cold Spring. Edwin Botsford was first postmaster, 
and held office for six years. His son, Oliver S. Botsford, was his 
successor in 1849, and held office until the fall of 1883, Austin B. 
Blakeman being appointed Sept. 28, of that year and holding the 
office until his successor, Lawrence Taylor, was appointed Nov. 3, 
1910. The name Cold Spring was changed to Botsford in the 
spring of 1883. In 69 years up to Nov. 10, 1912, the office at Bots- 
ford had four postmasters : 

Edwin Botsford. November 10, 1843; Oliver S. Botsford, January 
19, 1849; A. B. Blakeman, September 28, 1883; Lawrence Taylor, 
November 3, 1910. 



172 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

The postoffice at Hawleyville was established, March 27, 1844, 
with Glover Hawley as postmaster, for two years. Levi C. Morris, 
running a store for dry goods, groceries, etc., was appointed, April 
6, 1846, the office was kept open until July 16, 1846, about 100 days, 
then discontinued and re-established, July 3, 1847, when Josiah B. 
Fairchild held the office until succeeded by Asa N. Hawley, appoint- 
ed August 16, 1848, holding office for six years. Daniel Booth 
Hawley was appointed March 31, 1854, and held office until January, 
1880, 26 consecutive years. Robert Millions, appointed Dec. 9, held 
office until succeeded by F. C. Sanford, appointed Jan. 5, 1883, he 
was succeeded by Samuel C. Blackman, Sept. 28, 1885, and he by 
Mary E. Lancaster, appointed July 10, 1889, continuing in office 
until April 21, 1890. F. C. Sanford was re-appointed, April 21, 1890, 
to be replaced by Andrew B. Fancher. May 13, 1890, he was suc- 
ceeded bv Edmond C. Piatt, Sept. 27, 1901, who still holds the 
office, 1917. 

The last of Newtown postoffices in order of establishment was 
that for Sandy Hook, April 8, 1862. William Hall was first post- 
master, Henry L. Wheeler second appointee, June 14, 1865. He 
held office until April 16, 1867, when John Judson was appointed, 
holding office for two years, Ezra Patch, appointed April 29, 1869. 
His was a four-year term, succeeded by William B. Snififen, Sept. 
3, 1883, but only for two years, supplanted by George Winton, 
Nov. 23, 1885, under the administration of President Grover 
Cleveland. He served a four-year term, succeeded by W. B. 
Sniffen, who was re-appointed April 3, 1889. Thomas J. Bradley 
succeeded him, June 27, 1893. He was succeeded by the appoint- 
ment for the third time of W. B. Sniffen, April 6, 1897, who held 
the office until his death in 1907. Edgar C. Page was appointed 
postmaster, Feb. 25, 1907, to fill the vacancy caused by death. 

Sandy Hook postmasters : 

William Hall, April 8, 1862; Henry L. Wheeler, June 14, 1865; John Judson, 
April 16, 1867; Ezra Patch, April 29, 1869; William B. Sniffen, September 3, 
1883; George Winton, November 23, 1885; William B. Sniffen, April 3, 1889; 
Thomas J. Bradley, June 27, 1893; William B. Sniffen, April 6, 1897; Edgar C. 
Page, February 25, 1907; Frederick Reiner January, 1916. 

Postal Laws and SsJaries, 1800 — 1912. 

It is a far-off cry from the stage driver and mail coach, to the 
mail train and postman of to-day. With a daily mail delivery to 
every city, town and village in Connecticut and a house-to-house 
distribution daily (Sundays excepted) to every family in town, 
where, 100 years ago people counted themselves lucky to have the 
mail delivered once a week, it is hardly possible to realize the 
difference between then and now. We need to go back only 100 
years to find that Hartford, Norwich, Middletown, New Haven, 
Litchfield, Danbury and Bridgeport were central points radiating 
to different points of surrounding country. 

From musty files of papers of a century or more ago, there came 
by patient research information that can be gained in no other way. 
From a Hartford Courant of a century or so ago, we can show how 
a net work of mail routes were laid out, so that, before the coming 
of mail roads, the people throughout the State of Connecticut could 



POSTAL LAWS AND SALARIES 173 

feel quite sure of a weekly mail, and a mail once a week was con- 
sidered reasonable. Sixty-nine hours were allowed for carrying 
mails between Hartford and New York, 48 hours from Hartford to 
New London, and in like proportion between other points within 
the state, no traveling being allowed on Sunday. Gideon Granger, 
a Connecticut statesman, graduate of Yale in the class of 1787, was 
appointed by President Jefferson, Postmaster General in 1801, and 
re-appointed by President Madison in 1809. He made these stip- 
ulations for carrying mails for 1809 and 1810: 

The Postmaster General may expedite the mails and alter the times of 
arrival and departure at any time during the continuance of the contracts, 
he stipulating what he considers to be an adequate compensation for any 
extra expense that may be occasioned thereby. 

Fifteen minutes shall be allowed for opening and closing the mails at 
all offices where no particular time is specified. 

For every thirty minutes delay, unavoidable accidents excepted, in arriv- 
ing after the time prescribed in any contract, the contractor shall forfeit 
one dollar and if the delay continues until the departure of any depending 
mail whereby the mails destined for such depending mail lose a trip, an 
additional forfeiture of five dollars shall be incurred. And whenever a lost 
trip ensues from whatever circumstances, the amount to be paid to the 
contractor for a regular trip is to be deducted from his pay. 

Newspapers, as well as letters, are to be sent in the mail and if any 
person making proposals desires to carry newspapers other than those 
conveyed in the mail for his own emolument, he must state in his proposals 
for what sum he will carry with the emolument and for what sum without 
that emolument. 

Should any person making proposals desire an alteration of the times 
of arrival and departure above specified, he must state in his proposals 
the alteration desired and the difference they will make in the terms of 
the contract. Persons making proposals are desired to state their prices 
by the year. Those who contract will receive their pay quarterly in the 
months of August, November, February and May, in one month after the 
expiration of each quarter. No other than a free white person shall be 
employed to carry the mail. Where the proposer intends to carry the mail 
in the body of a stage or carriage, he is desired to state it in his proposals. 

The Postmaster General reserves to himself the right of declaring any 
contract at an end whenever one failure happens which amounts to the 
loss of a trip. 

The contract for the above routes are to be in operation on the first day 
of April next, and are to continue in force for two years. — [Gideon Granger, 
Postmaster General]. 

General Postoffice, Washington City, October 31, 1808. 

Some of the principal mail routes and schedules in Connecticut in 1809: 

From Hartford by Farmington, Harwinton, Litchfield, Washington, New 
Milford, Danbury, Ridgefield, Salem and Bedford to New York once a 
week. Leave Hartford every Tuesday at 2 p. m., arrive at Litchfield on 
Wednesday by 9 a.m. and at New York on Friday by 11 a.m. Returning 
leave New York every Friday at 6 p. m., arrive at Danbury on Saturday at 
8 p. m., at New Milford on Monday by 9 a.m., at Litchfield by 6 p.m., and 
at Hartford by 10 a. m. on Tuesday. 

From Litchfield by Cornwall and Sharon to Poughkeepsie once a week. 
Leave Litchfield every Wednesday at 2 p. m., arrive at Sharon by 7 p. m., 
and at Poughkeepsie on Thursday by 2 p. m. Leave Poughkeepsie on 
Thursday at 5 p. m. and arrive at Litchfield on Saturday by noon. 

From Middletown by Middle Haddam, East Haddam and Haddam to 
Saybrook, once a week. Leave Middletown every Friday at 4 a. m. and 
arrive at Saybrook by 5 p. m. Leave Saybrook every Saturday at 4 a. m., 
and arrive at Middletown by 6 p. m. 

From New Haven by Woodbridge, Waterbury and Watertown to Litch- 
field once a week. Leave Litchfield every Friday at 6 a. m. and arrive at 



174 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

New Haven by 3 p. m. Leave New Haven every Friday at 5 p. m. and 
arrive at Litchfield on Saturday by 3 p. m. 

From Danbury by South East, Franklin, Pawling, Dover, Kent, Sharon, 
Salisbury, Sheffield, Great Barrington, Stockbrige, Lenox, Pittsfield, Lanes- 
boro, Williamstown and Pownal to Bennington once a week. Leave Danbury 
every Saturday at 9 p. m. and arrive at Pittsfield on Monday at 7 p. m. and 
arrive at Bennington the next Tuesday by 7 p. m. Leave Bennington on 
Monday at 5 a. m and arrive at Pittsfield by 8 p.m. Leave Pittsfield on 
Tuesday at 5 a. m and arrive at Danbury the next Wednesday by 7 p. m. 

From Bridgeport by Trumbull, Huntington, Newtown, Brookfield to New 
Milford once a week. Leave Bridgeport every Tuesday at 2 p.m. and 
arrive at New Milford every Wednesday at 6 a. m. and arrive at Bridgeport 
on Thursday by 10 a. m. 

Enough has been given to show the carrying out of mail dehvery 
among the cities and towns of a State, a method that remained 
intact until the coming of the railroads and transportation of mail 
by steain. 

Mrs Johnson's maternal grandfather, Rhesa Foote, born in New- 
town in 1781, had as one of his boy companions, Lewis Peck. In 
school and out of school, they were boon companions and as they 
grew to man's estate they were to each other as Damon and Pyth- 
ias, almost inseparable. In seeking their life work, they became 
separated, one going to North Carolina, the other remaining in 
Newtown. A long correspondence was kept up and we have many 
letters that passed between them, bearing dates of 1801, 1802, 1803, 
letters written on fool's-cap paper, bearing with the address, in 
large figures of red chalk, the numbers, "25 cts." "50 cts.," as the 
size of the package might be, one sheet 25c, two sheets, 50c postage. 
Postage paid by the receiver of the letter. 

We will give the rates of postage established by Congress in 1806. 
There were two rates, one for letters and newspapers carried by 
land and the other for the same rate of postage when carried by 
packet boat," property of the United States and two cents extra 
when carried by private vessels. 

For letters conveyed by land, single, double and triple, not exceeding 40 
miles, 8c; over 40 miles and not exceeding 90, 10c; over 90 and not exceed- 
ing 150, 12 l-2c; over 150 and not exceeding 300, 17c; over 300 and not 
exceeding 500, 20c; over 500 miles, 25c. Double letters are double, and 
triple letters triple, these rates. A packet of the weight of one ounce, at 
the rate of four single letters and in like proportion for one of greater weight. 
No allowance being made for intermediate mails. Single letters passing by 
sea in packet boats, the property of the United States, 8c each; double 
letters 16c and triple letters, 24c. All letters or packets by private vessels 
at two cents each with the addition of postage, if destined to any other 
place than where the vessel may arrive. No vessel can be permitted to ■ 
report, make entry or break bulk, until the master has delivered to the 
postmater all- the letters brought in his vessel, except those for the owner 
or consignee. 

Postage on Newspapers : Each paper carried not over 100 miles, one 
cent, and over 100 miles, one and one-half cent; but if carried to any 
postoffice in the state in which it is printed, whatever be the distance, the 
postage is only one cent. Magazines and pamphlets are rated by the 
sheet; any distance not exceeding 50 miles, one cent; over 50 and not ex- 
ceeding 100 miles, two cents." 

No trouble in making change for the half-cent, for half-cents 
were coined in those days. Some will be interested in being told 
the source from which the writer found the rates of postage in 
force when the postoffice was established, which has its proper 



POSTAL LAWS AND SALARIES 175 

place in this article. The writer has in his possession a file of 
Almanacs, in their completeness from the year 1762 to the year 
1884. From the year 1800 to the year 1884, every change made in 
in the postal laws is sure to be found in the almanacs in use under 
date of the year in which a change came, and so it is that the copy 
issued in the year 1806 contains the postage laws as they were first 
issued. 

The writer gives information from a group of pamphlets that had 
the beginning of growth with his maternal ancestors, 150 year ago. 
Rates of postage established by Acts of Congress passed March 3, 1825: 
"For a single letter, composed of one piece of paper for any distance not 
exceeding 30 miles, 6c; over 30 miles and not exceeding 80 miles, 10c; over 
80 and not exceeding 150 miles 12 l-2c; over ISO and not exceeding 400 miles 
18 3-4 cents; over 400 miles 25c. Double letters, double rates; triple letters, 
triple those rates. Letters composed of four pieces of paper, quadruple 
those rates. The net amount of postage from the postoffices in Connecticut 
for the year ending March 31, 1827, under the above rates as reported in 
the state register for the year 1829 vi^as $30,160.13. — [Gideon Granger, Post- 
master-General. Washington.] 

Net amount of postage received from the Newtown postoffice 
for the year ending March 31, 1827, was $60.80. 

By act of Congress in 1852, rates of postage were changed, on 
letters not exceeding a half ounce to 5 cents for 500 miles and to 
10 cents on letters over half and not exceeding an ounce. In 1858, 
rates of postage on single letters weighing not over half an ounce 
for not exceeding 3000 miles, 3 cents, prepaid by stamps. Over 3000 
miles 6c. Double weight, double postage. Postmasters' compen- 
sation by law of 1854, on any sum not exceeding $100, 60 per cent, 
and, in offices where the mails arrive regularly between 9 o'clock at 
night and 5 in the morning, 70 per cent on the first $100. On any sum 
over $100 and not exceeding $400, 50 per cent ; over $400 and not 
exceeding $2,400, 40 per cent; and on all sums over $2,400, 15 per 
cent. In 1864 the rate of postage on letters of a half ounce was 
changed to three cents any distance w^ithin the United States pre- 
paid with stamps, to take efifect, July 1, 1865. In 1884 postage on 
one-half ounce letters was made two cents and still remains so.* 
j When salary was based on percentage of receipts, salaries paid at 
i different offices in Newtown, gathered by the writer from a person- 
I al study of public documents in the Connecticut State Library at 
I Hartford. 

I Salaries of postmasters in Newtown Street : 

, 1816 $35.01, 1822 $53.52, 1824, $61.57, 1828 $65.17. 1830 62.71, 1832 $78.75. 1835 
1 $132.73, 1838 $160.90, 1841 $169.77, 1845 $190.84, 1849 $279.69, 1851 $419.96, 1855 
' $448.26, 1859 $437.89, 1863 $444.90, 1865 $447.65, 1879 $580.87, 1881 $609.40, 1883 
I 625.71, 1887 $756.17, 1889 $892.92, 1893 $979.69, 1895 $959.82, 1897 $922.43, 1899 
I $934.86, 1901 $1000.00, 1903 $979.69, 1905 $1000.00. 

j Business at the postoffice in Newtown Street so increased that 
j the postmaster's salary is $1300 and the salary of each of the two 
I rural carriers $990. 
; The postoffice in Sandy Hook is a salaried office of $1000 and 

sends out two rural delivery clerks, $990 each. 
j Hawleyville postoffice has increased its business, so that, from a 
I salary of $16.95 per year in 1845, its receipts at the present time 
warrant a salary of about $800, and it sends out a rural delivery 
clerk on a salary of $1100. 

] 'NOTE: Since the Government has increased letter postage to three cents. 



176 NEWTOWN' S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



RESTRICTIONS TO DOMESTIC ANIMALS RUNNING UPON 

COMMON LANDS AND MANNER OF DISPOSAL 

WHEN UNCLAIMED. 

The first 100 years of the town life, horses, cattle, sheep and 
swine were allowed to run at large on the common or undivided 
land, owners being held for all damage where they broke into en- 
closures properly fenced. Each owner must have an ear mark for 
cattle, sheep and swine, by which he could know his own when 
found in a mixed herd. To mark horses in that way would be dis- 
figurement of beauty, so a branding iron was used and some letter 
or mark branded on the shoulder or body of the horse. 

A few recorded ear marks from the first volume of Newtown's 
records, date of 1715. It was necessary that they should be record- 
ed, for so disputes as to ownership could be easily adjusted. 

Daniel F"oote's ear mark for his creatures is a half penny on ye near 
side of ye upper side of ye near ear and a nick in ye same between ye half 
penny and ye top of ye ear. 

Joseph Peck's ear mark for his cattle and other creatures is a half 
penny on ye under side of ye near ear. 

Caleb Dayton's ear mark for his creatures is two half pennies upon ye 
for side of each ear. 

Joseph Peck's ear mark for his cattle is two half pennies cut out under 
ye near ear. 

Ebenezer Booth's mark for his creatures is one half penny cut out of ye 
fore side of right ear. 

John Burn's ear mark for his creatures is two slits down ye loop of ye 
left ear. 

Jeremiah Northrop's ear mark for his creatures is a crop off ye right ear 
and a half penny the fore side of ye same. 

Ebenezer Johnson's ear mark for his chattils and other creatures is a 
crop off ye ear and two slits in ye crop. 

Stephen Parmaley's ear mark for his creatures is three nicks cut in ye 
under side of ye off ear. 

John Seeley's ear mark for his creatures is a short slit in ye fore ear, a 
slit ye under side of ye near ear and a half penny on ye fore side ye same. 

James Hard's ear mark for his creatures is two slits in ye near ear and 
a hole in ye far ear. 

Abraham Kimberly was chosen brander of horses and it was 
voted, that the brander's shop or yard, in which to brand or mark 
the animals of "horse kind of any sort" should be on his premises. 
Kimberly's lot was the sixth lot south of the cross highway, on the 
easterly side of the street. As those lots were laid out 16 rods 
wide, lot No. 6 was 96 rods south of the road leading toward Sandy 
Hook, and that highway was laid out to be ten rods wide, each lot 
being laid out 40 rods in length and 16 rods wide. Swine running 
at large were most troublesome of all domestic animals and fre- 
quent resolutions were passed at town meetings. 

Resolution passed at the annual meeting in Dec, 1715: 



RESTRICTIONS TO DOMESTIC ANIMALS 177 

"At ye aforesaid meeting agreed upon and voted by ye inhabitants that 
swine shall be at large on ye commons ye years ensuing, that is without 
yoaking and ringing and if any damage is done by such swine threw ye 
insufficientness of fence that shall not be judged according to law by ye 
fence viewers, the owners of such fence are to bare ye damage, but if any 
swine are taken damage feazent when ye fence is sufficient then ye owners 
of all such unruly swine shall pay ye pondage and damage according to the 
law. — Recorded Dec. 21, 1715. Joseph Peck, Clerk." 

Dec. 8, 1736, upon ye petition of ye farmers belonging to ye farmers 
belonging to ye farm called Zoar that they might have liberty to build a 
pound to impound creatures belonging to other towns that should do them 
damage in their inclosures. It was voted to grant ye farmers liberty to 
build themselves a pound upon their own charges for ye end above sd 
provided ye aforesd farmers impound none of ye creatures belonging to ye 
inhabitants of Newtown, in their pound. 

At a meeting, Dec. 19, 1737, voted ye swine belonging to inhabitants of 
Newtown shall be free commoners so long as they do no damage and ye 
owners of ye swine to pay damage where ye fence is good and according 
to law, and where fence is not good ye owners of such fence are not to 
recover any damage or poundage, and if such swine be not sufficiently 
yoked after ye first time they do damage then ye owners to pay all 
damages after ye first time they do damage. 

By sufficiently yoking to be understood nine inches above ye neck, four 
inches below ye neck, six inches long on each side of ye neck is a grown 
swine, and proportionally for lesser swine. Swine so yoked not to be 
deemed damage feazant. This act to continue for two years. 

At a town meeting at the south schoolhouse, April 16, 1756: "Voted — 
Whereas ye law cuts off swine from running at large as free commoners 
unless ye town shall agree otherwise and finding that ye swine do dig up 
commons so that it is great demage to ye flock of sheep feeding on sd 
commons, which to prevent it is further enacted and voted at ye sd meet- 
ing that all ye swine belonging to ye inhabitants of Newtown from 10 
weeks old and upwards shall be singed of running at large on ye commons 
by ye tenth day of May next or shall be liable to be pounded according to 
the law, nothing in this vote or act to be construed otherwise than, that if 
swine do damage in any man's inclosure ye owner thereof shall be liable 
to pay all damages. 

John Northrop, Town Clerk." 
When stray cattle, sheep, swine or horses, were impounded 
(there were no local newspapers in those days), the town crier 
went the round to cry or announce the fact. After a space of six 
months and no one appearing to claim the animal or animals, they 
were appraised and sold at public auction ; if they sold for more 
than expense incurred, the over-plus went into the treasury of the 
town. 

Newtown, Feb. 23, 1755. On account of ye charges arising upon a mare 
yt was sold at public vandue at ye sign post. Sold for 20 pounds old tener, 
ye above sd mare was posted at several neighl)oring towns as ye law 
directs and sold per me. Joseph Bristol, constable of Newtown at ye sum 
above sd. 

For crying sd mare, f5;for keeping sd mare, £2 2s 6d ; for damage £1; 
for prizing damage, 15s; for pounding, 6s 8d : for recording, 3s 4d ; for 
silling, 10s; one quart of rum, 12s; clerk's fee for entry, 6s. 

Newtown, Nov. 2, 1756, then taken up damages feasant and impounded by 
Lieutenant Nathaniel Brisco, a brown bayish mare, with a star in her fore- 
head, branded with this figure, (9) on ye right and left shoulder, her right 
hind foot white, j-e above described mare was posted at ye several neigh- 
boring towns as ye law directs and sold at public vandue at one pound and 
six pence per me, William Birtch, constable, ye charge as follows : 

Damage, Is 2d; my fee for travel and vandure, 14s 7d ; keeping of mare, 
3s; to drummer and poundage. Is 2d; prizing damage, 4d ; clerk's fee, 6d. 
Total i\ 9d. 
Newtown, June 7th, 1757, then taken up by James Hard, a gray mare and 



178 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

impounded in Newtown pound, branded on ye right shoulder with a figure 
7. No ear mark to be found. The above sd mare was posted at ye several 
towns as ye law directs and sold at a public vandue at £3, 7s, lawful money 
per me, William Bristol, Newtown constable. 

My fee for travel and posting and selling, 8s; charge for vendue, 2s Id; 
poundage and pasture, 5s lid; drummer's fee for beating ye drum, 9d ; ye 
clerk's fee, 6d ; apprisal, £3, 7d ; expenses, 17s 3d; overplus, £2, 9s Id; 
Ye mare was sold at ye post, June 27, 1757. 

Newtown, July ye 12th, 1757, then taken up by Jeremiah Turner, one grey 
mare about two or three years old and impunded in Newtown pound. No 
brand mark to be found on her. A small streak of white in ye forehead 
and a few gray hairs down ye nose. The above sd mare was posted in ye 
several towns as ye law directs and sold at a public vandue at 3 pounds, 
19 shillings lawful money. Sold ye first day of August, 1757, by me William 
Birtsch, Newtown constable. 

My fee for travel, posting and selling sd mare, 9s 5d 2far. ; charge of 
vandue, 2s 4d ; poundage and damage, 4s 2d; keeping mare, prizers and 
administering oath, 2s 8d ; to ye drummer for fee for beating ye drum, 9 far. 
clerk's fee for recording sd mare, £6, 19s, lOd, 2 far. 

Newtown, August 17, 1762. Then taken damage feasant by Arnold Glover 
of Newtown, one grayish mare and impounded in ye Newtown pound, 
about two or three year old, with a white streak down its face, branded 
with these letters, II, on ye left shoulder. 

Ye above said mare was posted in ye several towns as ye law directs and 
sold at apublic vandue to George Lemon of Stratford, for £2, 6s, 6d, lawful 
money per me, William Birtch, Newtown constable. 

£ s d 
The constable's fee for posting 

and selling 10 6 

Damage 15 

Poundage and keeping sd 

mare 4 8 

For viewing the fence and 

prizing the damage. 5 

Ye justice's fee for administ- 
ering oath to prizers 8 
Ye drummers fee and charge 

of vandue, 3 3 

Ye Town clerk's fee for re- 
cording, 9 



1 19 8 
Ye above sd mare was sold on ye 6th of September, 1762. 
Mare sold for 2 6 6 

Expense, 1 19 8 



Overplus, 6 10 

Found in ye woods near Gray's Plain in Newtown a two year old steer, 
reddish, pied on ye back, marked with a swallow fork on ye ofif ear and one 
happenny on ye foreside of ye near ear. Sd steer died and was skinned 
by Ebenezer Peck and recorded, June ye 19th, A. D. 1769, per me, Caleb 
Baldwin, 3rd, Town Clerk, on ye 20th day of December, 1769. I appointed 
Jonathan Prindle and Ebenezjsr Johnson to apprize sd skins and they were 
sworn by me, Henry Glover, Justice of ye Peace, and they apprized sd 
skins at 14 shillings lawful money, and ye sd Ebenezer Peck is allowed for 
his trouble and cost about sd steer ye sum of seven shillings per me, Henry 
Glover, Justice of ye Peace. 

Ebenezer Peck 
Justice fees 
Appraisers fees, 
Clerk's Fees, 

11 



£ 


s 


d 





7 








1 








1 


6 





1 


6 



RESTRICTIONS TO DOMESTIC ANIMALS 179 

Value of sd hide, 14 

Cost, 11 



Overplus 3 

Recorded per me, Caleb Baldwin, ye srd Town Clerk. 

Newtown, May ye 21st, 1756. Taken up by Lieut. Joseph Smith of ye 
parish of Newberry in ye county road from Newtown to New Milford, a 
leather pouch with thirty shillings of silver and six coppers in sd leather 
pouch. Entered by me, John Northrop, Town clerk. May ye 28th, 1756. 
The owners appeared February 4th, 1757, for ye above sd money and 
received ye same at ye hand of Lieut. Joseph Smith before me, John 
Northrop, town clerk. Received by Ebenezer Mills and John Mills, sons 
of law to ye man that lost sd money." 

"Newtown, June 19th, 1754, fund in ye highway by Dina Nichols, daughter 
to Nathaniel Nichols a gold ring without seal to it, with a posey to it, etc. 
Ye owner appeared for sd ring." 

Newtown, May ye 14th, 1767, then found by a child near ye house of 
Aaron Peck, a Spanish mill dollar. The owner may have ye same by laying 
claim to it as may be thought reasonable. 

Aaron Peck. 

Received for record, July 10, 1767. Caleb Baldwin, Town Clerk. 

Taken upon ye road that leads from Sanford's mill to Zoar near Hard's 
meadow lot, a square silver shoe buckle with iron fluke and tongue. Sd 
buckle somewhat worn. Taken up by Lieut. Samuel Griffin, and is in his 
custody, recorded July 4, 1768, per me, Caleb Baldwin, 3rd Town Clerk. On 
ye 13th day of January, 1769, I appointed William Burwell and Jabez 
Baldwin to appraise sd buckle and they were sworn according to law. 
Sd Burwell and Baldwin appraised sd buckle and set ye value of sd buckle 
at £0, s3, dl. Sd Griffin is allowed for his trouble 8d. 

Cost Griffin for his trouble, 
Justice's fees, 
Appraiser's fees, 
Clerk's fees. 

Total cost, 2 10 

Taken up as lost goods by Zadock Hard on ye 26th day of April, 1769, 
a small side of leather about three or four soles cutout of ye but of it, sd 
leather supposed to be tanned with black oak bark. 

Recorded, May ye 8th, 1769, per me Caleb Baldwin, Register. 

On ye 8th of November, 1769, I appointed William Burwell and Ephriam 
Sherman to appraise sd side of leather. Sd Sherman and Burwell were put 
under oath as ye law directs per me, Caleb Baldwin, Justice of ye Pece and 
they caled sd leather s5, d, lawful money. The sd Hard is allowed for 
his trouble about sd leather one shilling. 

Justice's fee. 

Two appraisers' fees. 

Clerk's fee, 



£ 


s 


d 








8 








6 








8 





1 






Value of leather. 
Cost, 

Overplus 2 10 



£ 


s 


d 





1 











4 





1 


3 





2 


7 





5 


5 





2 


7 



180 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

NEWTOWN'S SHEEP INDUSTRY. 

An abstract of the work of the assessors in making up the town's 
grand levy for the year ending Oct. 1, 1911, stated "that in the 
returns made of taxable property, no sheep were returned as being 
owned in town." 

Although the writer has been conscious of a gradual decline in that 
source of the farmer's income, he had not thought to live to see the 
time when there would be no ownership of sheep in Newtown. On 
the other hand, the report of our town treasurer for the year ending 
.Sept. 1, 1911, showed that for that year, 407 dogs were registered, 
by which the income of the town was increased by $478. When we 
have a State law compelling owners of dogs to keep them confined 
or chained from sundown to sunrise, their havoc among sheep will 
be less than now. For with dogs, as with lawless bipeds, the great 
part of their villainous and deadly work is done under cover of 
darkness. Whether sheep came into town along with horses and 
cows, we have no way of knowing. It is natural to suppose that 
at the start all the upland in its virgin loveliness was covered with 
timl:)er and underbrush, and swamp land would be no ground for 
sheep. The inference is that, previous to 1800, sheep were kept as 
one common flock, tended by a shepherd" chosen by the town, 
each owner to pay towards the expense of tending through the 
season, according to the number owned. The season lasted from 
early in May, to late in October. 

The records are silent in regard to sheep until 1800. Nothing is 
found on the records showing that they were taxed with live stock, 
nor were they allowed to go on the commons except under the care 
of a duly appointed shepherd. At a town meeting held in April, 
1732, it was voted "That the Commons should be cleared for the benefit of 
the flock of sheep where it shall be thought to be most needful by those 
who are appointed by law to take care of that work." Swine were by vote 
of the town free commoners when they were "ringed or yoked," and "the 
selectmen of ye town shall decide whether sd swine are sufficiently yoked 
or not well yoked." Swine were the most troublesome of all pests to the 
well-doing of sheep, were much in evidence at the annual town meeting. 
In 1752. "Voted: Whereas the law cuts of¥ swine from running at large 
free commons unless the town shall agree otherwise and finding that the 
swine do dig up the commons so that it is a great damage to the flock of 
sheep feeding on sd commons destroying much of the grass growing there- 
on, which to prevent it is further enacted and voted that all the swine 
belonging to the inhabitants of the town of Newtown, from ten weeks old 
and upward shall be ringed if running at large on the commons by the 
tenth of May next, or shall be liable to be pounded according to 'aw." — 
John Northrop, clerk. 

The year following the town appointed Vincent Stillson, Abiel 
Botsford, Josiah Bardslee, and Silas Camp, they or either of them 
to impound all swine above two months old that they find on the 
commons after the 28th day of March, except they be well ringed, 
giving notice to the owner of the swine, within twelve hours of 
their being impounded, said vote being for better protection of the 
sheep. In spite of all precautions, sheep would occasionally stray 
from the flock and some time might elapse before they would be 
restored to the owner. The laws of the colony provided for such 
a contingency and, when stray sheep were brought in, they were 



NEWTOWN'S SHEEP INDUSTRY 181 

'duly advertised and held for a specified time. After having been 
duly appraised, if no owner appeared, they were sold at the sign 
post, and what the sheep brought, less expenses of keeping, adver- 
tising and officers' fees went into the town treasury. If expenses 
exceeded receipts, the town was so much out. The process of 
appraisal, of procedure and disposal : 

Notice — Taken damage feasant by Thomas Skidmore, Junr., of Newtown, 

on ye 25th of Dec, 1758, and impounded in Newtown pound, four sheep. 

One black sheep, marked with a crop on ye near ear and a hole in ye off 

, ear. Two white sheep with a crop on ye off ear and a half-penny under ye 

I seide of ye same ear. One white sheep with a slanting crop on ye near ear 

I and a hole in ye off ear, and I cried ye same in ye several towns as ye law 

directs and sold them one ye second day of January, 1759, at four of ye 

clock, afternoon, at ye sign post in Newtown, for four shillings each, six- 

[ teen shillings for all four by me, William Birch, constable of Newtown. 

Constables fee for crying and selling and all his trouble is 10 shillings; 
poundage and damage, 4 shillings; the prizer's fee and oath, 1 shilling and 
10 pence ; charges for keeping sheep, 4 shillings ; paid the drummer, 9 pence ; 
cost of vandue, 2 shillings; clerk's fee for recording, 6 pence. Total 
expense, £\, 3 shillings, 1 pence. Amount from sale of sheep, 16 shillings. 
Expenses exceeded the amount for which the sheep sold by seven shill- 
ings and one penny. 

We do not know how many sheep were numbered in the town in 
any year previous to 1800. 

From 1800 to the present time, sheep appear upon the levy with 
other domestic animals liable to taxation, so that we find for 1803 
the number of sheep listed in Newtown was 4010. The industry 
continued to be as remunerative as any that farmers could turn 
their hand to for at least 30 years. In 90 preceding years, the com- 
mon land had been much improved, highways had been cleaned to 
some extent and the practice introdTiced at the outset, of having a 
common flock tenti^^'d l)y a shepherd hired by the season, was kept 
up as far down as 1830, so that farmers, in addition to sheep kept 
on their farms, would avail themselves of turning some sheep into 
the common flock, the number any one man could put in being 
limited to 30. Shearing time came the latter part of May and at 
that time the early lambs could be turned oflF, so that the starting of 
the common flock came early in June, and the season lasted until 
the latter part of September, when there came the breaking up of 
the flock and the return of the sheep to individual owners. 

We have no dates to follow previous to 1823. At the opening of 
each season, a sheep master was appointed, who was expected to 
hire a shepherd for the season, see to collecting the sheep from the 
various school districts into one flock, make choice of the most 
desirable of the common lands for feeding grounds, and make 
arrangements for yarding the sheep over night where they could 
have an enclosed field for their night's rest ; wherever they stopped. 
Saturday nights, there they remained over Sunday. Farmers paid 
for the privilege of keeping the flock over nights and over Sunday, 
the privilege going to the highest bidder, which was expected to 
pay the expenses of tending the flock, including the hiring of a 
shepherd and a boy as a helper. Farmers thought the droppings 
from the sheep well worth the price paid in securing them to keep, 
as the droppings made excellent fertilizer for grain crops and 



182 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

especially for rye and wheat. Stopping places were arranged close- 
ly enough together to be easily reached in a 10-hour feeding drift. 

The late Charles H. Peck, at one time Newtown's town clerk gave 
much spare time to making a careful study of Newtown's early 
history. Among the treasures of the early days was an old book 
called the Sheep Company's record book, which contained the re- 
corded doings of the company's work for 1823, 1824, 1825, 1826 and 
1827. Entries have been made from the sheep book, kindly loaned 
to the writer by its present owner, Arthur T. Nettleton. 

A sheep company was organized in June 1823, and continued 
effective for five succeeding years. The call of the first meeting: 

"Warning is hereby given that a meeting of the owners of sheep in the 
town of Newtown will be held at Mr. Caleb Baldwin's house in said 
Newtown on Monday, the 9th day of June, 1823, at 6 o'clock in the after- 
noon, for the purpose of raising a public flock for the ensuing year, 
appointing officers for said meeting and of doing any business proper to be 
done at said meeting. Dated at Newtown, June 2, 1823. Moss K. Botsford, 
sheep-master." 

The meeting was duly held and it was voted "That Mr. Benjamin Hard, 
Esq., should be moderator, Judge Samuel C. Blackman clerk, and that a 
public flock should be raised for the benefit of owners of sheep, and that 
Moss K. Botsford should be sheep-master, and that the shepherd should 
begin to collect the flock on Monday, June 17." It was also voted "that 
the articles and by laws which were adopted by the proprietors of the flock 
the last year be adopted as the rules and regulations for the ensuing year." 
going to show that the existence of the common flock dates back of 1823. 
They were also to pursue the same route in collecting the flock as 
the shepherd did the last year, and no person should turn into the 
flock more than 20 sheep. There were 83 sheep owners who furn- 
ished sheep and the flock numbered in its completeness 938. The 
route laid out for collecting the flock was from Chestnut Tree Hill 
through Zoar to Ebenezer Beers, thence through Toddy Hill to 
Caesar's (the old darky) thence through Taunton, Palestine, Land's 
End and Hanover to Wapping, and thence through Sandy Hook to 
Newtown Street, which point it was expected could be reached 
inside of eight days. Of course the flock must feed along the route, 
as they were drifting toward their round-up, must also lie by for 
rest over Sunday, besides being delayed more or less by those who 
not living on the direct line of the drift, did not reach a station on 
time. The flock once formed, the shepherd, under the supervision 
of the sheepmaster, was ready to start out on the season's tour. A 
boy accompanied the shepherd and they had their keep over night 
and Sundays wherever the flock was yarded. In figuring expenses 
of the flock, it was expected that farmers would pay enough for the 
privilege of having the flock yarded on some plot on which they 
wanted to raise rye or wheat, the following season, that the amoimt 
received would not only pay all flock expenses, but return a small 
dividend for the owners. The records give the names of sheep 
owners, the expenses of tending the flock during the season, the 
money paid by farmers for the privilege of keeping the sheep 
nights and over Sunday, and the net returns, if any, to owners of 
the sheep. Also a tabulated account of the nightly and over- 
Sunday receipts, with the names of those who were highest bidders 
for the chance of securing the sheep when out on the drift. 



NEWTOWN'S SHEEP INDUSTRY 183 

Number of sheep put into the flock by each individual, June 1823 : 
Caleb Baldwin 9, Philo Baldwin 10 Samuel C. Blackman 20, Alfred Blackman 
1, Thomas B. Botsford 10, Moss K. Botsford 19, Henry Botsford 7, Clement 
Botsford 10, Jabez B. Botsford 13, Moses Botsford 20, Daniel Botsford, Jr., 
20, Israel C. Botsford 20, Theophilus Botsford 20, William Botsford 3, 
Ebenezer Beers Jr. 9, Abel Beers 20, Ester Beers 4, Joseph Booth 6, James 
G. Blackman 5, Joseph Blackman 20, Daniel Blackman 9, Daniel Baldwin 7, 
Thaddeous Bennitt 5, James Bennitt 14, Harry Glover 2, David and Henry 
Glover 27, Benjamin Hard 16, Cyrus Hard 10, Abijah Hard 5, Abner Judson 
Jr. 6, Peter Lewis 18, James Nichols & Co. 29, Abner A. Nettleton 12, Oliver 
Northrop 14, Andrew Northrop 9, David C. Peck 20, Isaac Peck 10, Dan 
Peck 10, Enos and Wooster Peck 12, Samuel Peck 9, Ephraim Piatt, 15, 
Marcus H. Parmalee 6, Abel Stilson 9, Richard D. Shepherd 8, Ammon 
Shepherd 5, David Shipman 17, Wooster Sherman 5, Truman Sherman 8, 
Brace Smith 6, Joseph Tousey 9, Abel Bennitt 7, James W. Bennitt 7, Simon 
M. Beers 15, Abijah B. Curtis 20, Elihue S. Curtis 20, Epinetus Curtis 20, Gould 
Curtis ll.Zachariah Clark Jr. 20, James Clark 14, Stephen Crofut 10, Squire 
Dibble 13, Eleazer Dibble 6, Kiah B. Fairchild 9, Hawley Fairchild 6, Ezra 
Fairchild 9, Levi Fairchild 7, Philo Fairchild 7, Clement Fairchild 11, 
Adoniram Fairchild 13, Josiah Fairchild 9, Joseph Fairchiild 7, Josiah 
Glover 17, Abiel B. Glover 17, Andrew Wheeler 6, Herman Warner 12, Amos 
Wells 3, Ephraim P. Wetmore 4, Jerod Botsford 12, Ezra Sherman 8, James 
Nichols 10. Whole number of sheep in the flock, 1823, 938. 

The privilege of keeping the flock over night and over Sunday was sold 
at auction by the sheepmaster to the highest bidder. Names of those in 
the bidding; the demand for the sheep's keep was so popular that, in some 
instances, the same farmer secured several chances : 

To whom keep of sheep was sold. 

Abel Stillson. 

Daniel Botsford, Jr. 

Abel Stillson. 

Adoniram Fairchild. 
it <i 

Henry Glover. 
Zachariah Clark, Esq. 
Henry Botsford. 
Daniel Blackman, Esq. 
Zachariah Clark, Jr., Esq. 
Zachariah Clark, Jr., Esq. 
Zachariah Clark, Jr., Esq. 
Joseph Fairchild. 
Henry Glover. 
Henry Botsford. 
Israel C. Botsford. 
Capt. Henry Glover. 
Capt. Henry Glover. 
Henry Botsford. 
Daniel Botsford, Jr. 
Daniel Blackman, Esq. 
Joseph Booth. 
Daniel Botsford, Jr. 
Capt. Philo Baldwin. 
Capt. Philo Baldwin. 
James Nichols. 
Wooster Peck. 
Ziba Glover. 
Wooster Peck. 
Moss K. Botsford. 
James G. Blackman. 
James G. Blackman. 
Isaac Peck, Jr. 
Theophilus Botsford. 
James G. Blackman. 
Benjamin Hard, Esq. 



1823 


Price each night. 


To V 


June 18, 


Wednesday, 


$1.07 


19, 


Thursday, 


1.12 


20, 


Friday. 


1.21 


21, 


Saturday, 




22, 


Sunday, 


1.60 


23, 


Monday, 


1.38 


24, 


Tuesday, 


1.10 


25, 


Wednesday, 


1.20 


26, 


Thursdaj', 


1.54 


27, 


Friday, 


1.28 


28, 


Saturday, 




29, 


Sunday, 


2.25 


30, 


Monday 


1.77 


July 1, 


Tuesday, 


1.83 


2, 


Wednesday, 


1.77 


3. 


Thursday, 


1.77 


4. 


Friday, 


1.75 


5. 


Saturd.?y, 




6. 


Sunday, 


2.77 


7, 


Mondaj% 


1.82 


8, 


Tuesday, 


1.76 


9, 


Wednesday, 


1.79 


10. 


Thursday, 


1.8^^ 


11, 


Friday, 


1.83 


12, 


Saturday. 




13. 


Sunday, 


2.74 


14, 


Monday, 


1.80 


15, 


Tuesday, 


1.90 


16, 


Wednesday, 


1.91 


17. 


Thursday, 


1.92 


18. 


Friday, 


1.91 


19, 


Saturday, 




20, 


Sunday, 


2.93 


21, 


Monday, 


1.92 


22, 


Tuesday, 


1.76 


23, 


Wednesday, 


1.75 



184 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 





24, 


Thursday, 


1.73 




25, 


Friday. 


1.63 




26, 


Saturday, 






27, 


Sunday. 


2.31 




28, 


Monday, 


1.52 




29. 


Tuesday. 


1.18 




30, 


Wednesday, 


1.18 




31, 


Thursday, 


1.30 


Aug. 


1, 


Friday. 


1.29 




2, 


Saturday, 






3, 


Sunday, 


1.85 




4, 


Monday, 


1.31 




5, 


Tuesday. 


1.34 




6, 


Wednesday, 


1.33 




7, 


Thursday, 


1.33 




8. 


F"riday. 


1.35 




9, 


Saturday, 






10, 


Sunday. 


2.25 




n, 


Monday, 


1.40 




12, 


Tuesday, 


1.38 




13, 


Wednesday, 


1.43 




14, 


Thursday, 


1.44 




15, 


Friday. 


1.45 




16, 


Saturday, 






17. 


Sunday. 


2.26 




18, 


Monday, 


1.49 




19, 


Tuesday, 


1.55 


Aug. 


20. 


Wednesday 


1.58 




21, 


Thursday. 


1.60 




22, 


Friday. 


1.61 




23. 


Saturday, 






24. 


Sunday, 


2.50 




25, 


Monday, 


1.61 




26. 


Tuesday. 


1.94 




27, 


Wednesday, 


2.00 




28, 


Thursday, 


2.01 




29, 


Friday. 


2.04 




20, 


Saturday, 






31, 


Sunday. 


3.03 


Sept. 


1, 


Monday, 


2.00 




2, 


Tuesday. 


2.01 




3, 


Wednesday, 


2.00 




4. 


Thursday, 


1.97 




5, 


Friday, 


1.95 




6. 


Saturday, 






7. 


Sunday, 


2.88 




8, 


Monday, 


1.97 




9. 


Tuesday, 


1.93 




10, 


Wednesday, 


2.06 




11, 


Thursday, 


2.00 




12, 


Friday, 


1.99 




13, 


Saturday, 






14, 


Sunday, 


2.76 




15, 


Monday, 


1.89 




16. 


Tuesday, 


1.36 




17, 


Wednesday, 


1.39 




18. 


Thursday, 


1.35 




19. 


Friday. 


1.40 




20. 


Saturday, 






21. 


Sunday, 


2.42 




22. 


Monday, 


1.46 




23, 


Tuesday, 


1.58 




24. 


Wednesday, 


1.61 




25. 


Thursday, 


1.80 



Abel Stillson. 
Abel Stillson. 
Abel Stillson. 
Cyrus Hard. 
Cyrus Hard. 

Zachariah Clark. Jr., Esq. 
Zachariah Clark, Jr.. Esq. 
Charles Botsford. 
Zachariah Clark. Jr., Esq. 
Zachariah Clark. Jr.. Esq. 
Zachariah Clark, Jr.. Esq. 
Daniel Blackman, Esq. 
Joseph Toucey. 
Joseph Toucey. 
Cyrus Hard. 

Zachariah Clark. Jr.. Esq. 
Israel C. Botsford. 
Israel C. Botsford. 
James G. Blackman. 
Cyrus Hard. 
John Beers. 
Jabez B. Botsford. 
Abel Stillson. 
Theophilus Botsford. 
Theophilus Botsford. 
Moss K. Botsford. 
James Clark. 
James Clark. 
Philo Fairchild. 
Dan Peck. 
Israel C. Botsford. 
Israel C. Botsford. 
Abel Stillson. 
Amariah Beers 
James Nichols. 
James Bennitt. 
Capt. James Nichols. 
Theophilus Botsford. 
Theophilus Botsford. 
Philo Fairchild. 
Daniel Botsford. Jr. 
Capt. James Nichols. 
Jabez B. Botsford. 
Capt. James Nichols. 
Isaac Peck. Jr. 
Isaac Peck. Jr. 
Joseph Booth. 
Abel Stillson. 
Joseph Tousey. 
Joseph Tousey. 
Joseph Booth. 
Capt. Henry Glover. 
Capt. Henry Glover. 
David C Peck. 
Abel Stillson. 
Capt. James Nichols. 
Andrew Northrop. 
Andrew Northrop. 
Andrew Northrop. 
Andrew Northrop. 
Abel Stillson. 
David C. Peck. 
Joseph Turney. 
Israel C. Botsford. 



NEWTOWN'S SHEEP INDUSTRY 185 

Weekly amounts received from farmers for the privilege of yarding the 
sheep nights and Sundays for 1823: 



June 23, $6.38 

June 30, 9.34 

July 7, 1171 

July 14, 11.76 

July 21, 12.49 

July 28, 10.70 

August 4, 8.00 

August 11, 9.00 

August 18, 9.45 

August 25. 10.45 

September 1. 12.98 

September 8. 12.78 

September 15, 12.63 

September 22, 9.38 

September 25, 4.99 



$152.15 

Expenses of keeping the flock. 
Baldwin & Beers, bill for salt, $ 4.41 
Caleb Baldwin's bill for salt, 4.93 

Caleb Baldwin, for three dinners, .75 
Shepherd's bill for himself and 

boy, 3 months and 7 days, 48.75 

Sheep-masler's bill for services, 6.00 
Clerk's fees, 3.75 

Inspecting committee, 50c each, 1.50 
Auditing committee, 2 shillings 

each. 1.00 

Peter Lewis' bill, 1.29 

Committee's expenses, .50 

Clerk's fee. making out dividend, .36 



$75.24 
Amount paid by farmers for the 

privilege of yarding sheep. $152.15 
Deduct expenses 75.24 

$ 76.91 
No. of sheep 938 

Overplus $76.91 

Dividend per head per season .082 each 



In compliance with the by-laws of the organization, Capt. Moss 
K. Botsford was ordered to pay a dividend on sheep entered in the 
public flock, conformable to the by-laws of said flock and awarded 
by a committee api)ointed for that purpose, when the flock of 1823 
was disbanded. 

For 1824, Daniel Blackman was chosen sheepmaster and any 
sheep owner was allowed to put in any nuinber of sheep, not ex- 
ceeding 30, all other regulations were to be followed as for the year 
previous. The sheepmaster was to employ Caesar to tend the 
sheep, at $12 a month, if not to be had at lower price. It was voted, 
that every school district have their sheep collected with the following: 



186 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

James Clark, Philo Beers, Daniel Botsford, Jr., Nathan Johnson, Jacob 
Beers, Hezekiah Northrop, Zachariah Clark, for the first night: Nirom 
Fairchild, Esq., Zadock Fairchild, Baldwin Botsford, Henry Beers, David C. 
Peck, Theophilus Botsford, for the second night ; and finish the third night 
with Curtis Glover, Abijah B. Curtis, Philo Curtis. Then to start from 
Chestnut Tree Hill, on Wednesday morning through Zoar to Ebenezer 
Beers, thence through Toddy Hill to Caesar's thence through Mile Hill to 
Dan Peck's thence through Huntingtown, Palestine, Flat Swamp, thence 
through Taunton, Currituck, Land's End and Hanover to Wapping, thence 
through Sandy Hook to the Street, Friday night. The season lasted from 
June 18, to Sept. 26. At the season's close, the finanical standing of the 
flock was looked into and found to be 



Bills allowed by the auditing 

committee, Sept. 23, 1824 
Caleb Baldwin's bill, $ 6.89 

Baldwin & Beers, for salt, .25 

A. B. Glover, for salt, 2.54 
Ceasar's bill as shepherd, for 3 

months and 8 days, 29.25 

Thomas Lakes' son assistant, 9.75 

Extra pay, Zera Blackman, 1.67 

Inspecting committee, 1.50 

Auditing committee, 1.33 

Clerk's bill. 3.75 

Sheep-master's bill, 4.75 

Cash collected, 1.58 



$73.26 
Received from farmers for yard- 
ing the sheep, $96.73 
Expenses of flock, 73.26 

$23.47 



Divided per head on 620 sheep for the season 3c, 5mills. 
For 1825, Daniel Blackman was appointed sheepmaster. Ned 
Booth was hired as shepherd at $10 a month and a shepherd's boy 
for $3.00 a month. Owners were allowed 30 sheep in the flock 
under the same rules and regulations as in the previous year. The 
flock numbered 497. 

Received from farmers for yarding sheep, $72.05. expense of caring for 
flock, $55.73, balance due sheep owners, $16.32. 

Dividend per head on 497 sheep, 3c and 2 mills, which Daniel Blackman, 
sheepmaster, is ordered to pay to the sheep owners of the flock of 1825. 

In 1826, Daniel Blackman was again chosen sheepmaster, and the route 
for collecting the flock was changed. It was to commence in Newtown 
Street, thence through Slut's Hill and Taunton and to Esquire Clark's and 
through the lower part of the town and around through Mile Hill to 
Daniel Botsford's Jr., thence through Zoar, Wapping, Sandy Hook and 
by Major Curtis' and through Hanover to Theophilus Botsford's. Thomas 
Green was hired for shepherd at $10 a month, and a Shepherd's boy for $4 
a month. Received from farmers for yarding, $73.37, expenses of the flock 
for the season. $67.53, balance due sheep owners $5.84. 

The flock numbered 740, and a dividend of seven mills per head was de- 
clared at the end of the season. 

For 1827, David Blackman was chosen sheepmaster and Thomas 
Green was hired as shepherd at $16 a month and furnish hitnself 
with a boy helper. It was also voted that the person who should 



NEWTOWN'S SHEEP INDUSTRY 187 

keep the flock over Saturday night and Sunday should furnish a 
sufficient quantity of salt, not exceeding 12 quarts. Expense of the 
flock for season of 1827, was $70.34, amount received from farmers 
for yarding, $70.34. Expenses and receipts balanced and there were 
no dividends to declare. 

There is every reason to presume that the year 1827 marked the 
disbanding of the common flocks, as the record book contains no 
further entries. 

It was the duty of the sheepmaster to have the managing of the 
flock. It was the shepherd's part to take care of the flock from its 
I formation to the close of the season, and until the flock should be 
disbanded. In forming the flock, each sheep owner had some dis- 
j tinctive mark by which he could identify his own, when the time 
for disbanding came. The usual way for marking sheep and cattle, 
was by slits, notches or holes cut in or out of the ears. Almost an 
endless variety of changes could be made in making the markings 
of one sheep to dififer from those of any other. 

When orders went out from the sheepmaster for disbanding the 

j flock, the shepherd's orders were to make the final round-up at 

Caleb Baldwin's in Newtown Street, for, as the city of Boston is 

j still looked upon as the Hub of the universe, Caleb Baldwin's place 

! was looked upon as the central point around which revolved the 

little Newtown world, with its eight miles square. 

The tavern with its ample surroundings, was kept open as a 

I public house, where north and southbound and east and westbound 

stages stopped for horses to rest, and passengers for mid-day meals. 

It was also the central point for the stopping of drovers with cattle, 

horses and sheep, on cross-country trips and brought much trade 

I and exchange along those lines. So it came about that Caleb 

I Baldwin's tavern was made the gathering of sheep owners for the 

I breaking up on the season's flock. The house, in all its old-time 

beauty, is now the home of Charles F. Beardsley and family. 

After 1800, sheep went on the grand levy at a valuation of 75c per 

head. Though sheep were included with other stock when lists 

were handed in, the sheep tax was abated, no doubt to encourage 

farmers to raise more sheep. Up to within 60 years, dogs were 

j very little trouble to sheep, nor were dogs half as plenty as now. 

Our town clerk, says that no sheep have been entered on New- 

' town's grand levy since 1900, and from that fact we assume that the 

j demise of Newtown's sheep industry dates from that year. The 

< rapid decline in the number of sheep began about 1860. That was 

about the time that the satinet factory, run first by Beecher & 

Tucker, and later by Alva B. Beecher alone, closed out the business 

I and spoiled the home market for wool. There can be no doubt but 

I what that and the increasing destructiveness of dogs among sheep 

! had much to do with the discontinuance of Newtown's sheep in- 

^ dustry. 

Our good town clerk, Oscar Pitzschler, courteously made it 
possible for me to have access to the grand levies from 1802 to 1900, 
a period of 98 years ; most surprising it is that, for that long stretch 
I of time, so few of the grand levies are missing. 



188 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Number of sheep returned to the board of assessors yearly from 
1802 to 1900: years not filled out being because levies for those 
years have not been found : 



1802 


3800 


1835 


2469 


1868 


757 


1803 


4016 


1836 


2683 


1869 


481 


1804 


3386 


1837 


2584 


1870 


290 


1805 


3264 


1838 


2500 


1871 


255 


1806 


3591 


1839 


2558 


1872 


312 


1807 


3452 


1840 


2790 


1873 


376 


1808 


3458 


1841 


2825 


1874 


397 


1809 


3977 


1842 


2816 


1875 


423 


1810 


4145 


1843 




1876 


417 


1811 


3803 


1844 


2215 


1877 


453 


1812 


3998 


1845 


2102 


1878 


541 


1813 


3871 


1846 


1933 


1&79 


530 


1814 




1847 


1384 


1880 


663 


1815 




1848 


1510 


1881 


650 


1816 


2905 


1849 


1361 


1882 


500 


1817 


2834 


1850 


1419 


1883 


450 


1818 


3162 


1851 


1560 


1884 


436 


1819 




1852 


1659 


1885 


■ 465 


1820 




1853 


1504 


1886 


383 


1821 




1854 


1525 


1887 


349 


1822 


3300 


1855 


1634 


1888 


201 


1823 


3250 


1856 


1400 


1889 


264 


1824 


3400 


1857 


1290 


1890 


230 


1825 


3550 


1858 


1158 


1891 


228 


1826 


3684 


1859 


1103 


1892 


189 


1827 


3576 


1860 


820 


1893 


162 


1828 


3104 


1861 


731 


1894 


153 


1829 


2551 


1862 


658 


1895 


170 


1830 


2379 


1863 


810 


1896 


116 


1831 


2489 


1864 


845 


1897 


116 


1832 


2685 


1865 


840 


1898 


89 


1833 


2376 


1866 


830 


1899 


117 


1834 




1867 


835 


1900 


50 



GOD'S ACRE 



In our town are 13 cemeteries, all, except one or two, still in use, 
and may be spoken of as well kept. The oldest of all is that part of 
the village cemetery known as the "town plot" at the southerly 
end, containing one and a half acres, which was set apart March 24, 
1711, by a vote of the townsmen as a place in which to bury their 
dead, it lay in its virgin condition until the following year, when 
by action of the town, Dec. 9, 1712, it was voted that "Stephen 
Parmely shall have the use of one acre and a half of land which is the 
burying place for our dead, provided he clear the land of brush and sow 
it with English grass seed." The plot lay open to the commons until 
March, 1769, when the town voted that "Mr. John Chandler shall have the 
liberty to fence the burying ground for pasture so long as he will keep it 
in good fence. 

The plot alluded to is the south part of the village cemetery. In 
"the old plot" the dust of ancestors of some of us has lain undis- 
turbed for nearly 2C0 years. As we wander among the graves of 
those removed, long years gone by, from life's tempestuous sea, 
we instinctively step lightly and walk softly among the old head- 
stones, or tread on turf that covers scores of unmarked graves, 
wherein, with brain no longer busy and hands that long since rested 
from labor, they lie unmindful of the tide of human life that ebbs 
and flows about them. 

The many inscriptions to be foimd are interesting, not only in 
device, but in composition and expression. Newtown's first physic- 
ian lies buried here. Lemuel Thomas, "a skillful and useful prac- 
tioner of surgery and physics, who departed this Hfe September 30, 
A. D. 1775, aged 48 years." The four ministers who officiated in 
Newtown during the first century of the town's history lie buried 
near each other. Each was a graduate of Yale college and with 
each, Newtown was their lirst and only charge. First was Rev. 
Thomas Toucey, born in Wethersiield in 1688, resigning his charge 
in 1724 and died in 1761. Rev. John Beach, immediate successor of 
Rev. Mr. Toucey, was born in 1700, was in charge of the Presbyter- 
ian body until 1732, then resigned and was admitted to Holy Orders 
in the Church of England, appointed missionary at Newtown and 
Redding, and was such until in 1782 he died. Rev. John Beach's co- 
laborer in Newtown from 1743 to 1776, was Rev. David Judson, 
minister over the Presbyterian body. He was born in 1715, served 
the people until September, 1776, and in that month he died. Rev. 



190 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Philo Perry, successor of Rev. John Beach, was born in W^oodbury 
in 1752, settled over Trinity in 1787 ; died in 1798 and was also buried 
in the old plot. These four men, who served in the office of the 
sacred ministry during the first century of the town's history, were 
all buried among those whom they loved and served so well. 

Though surrounded in God's Acre by scores of graves containing 
the dust of those to whom they ministered, there is a bit of pathos 
to think that none of their kindred are buried beside them, save in 
the case of Rev. Mr. Judson where a little headstone marks the 
grave of his son David, who died in 1749, age one year, six months 
and 20 days and a little daughter, Mary, age seven years and 20 
days. Newtown's first physician and its first four ministers were 
from among the early graduates of Yale college and must have 
been men of more than ordinary ability. We have spoken of the 
"old plot." A few w^ords of the village cemetery as it is to-day. 
The old plot served its purpose for about 130 years ; then came en- 
largement on the north and later two other accessions of land by 
purchase. A cemetery association was formed, under whose faith- 
ful services, gratuitously rendered, its well kept grounds will 
compare favorably with those of any country town. 

In 1748 the people in the north part of the town petitioned to have 
a plot of ground laid out for a burying ground and the town voted, 
"that the people living in ye northwest part of ye township of Newtown, 
upon their desire should have 60 rods of land for a burying place to bury 
their dead in, at a place northerly or from Benjamin Hawley's dwelling 
house, first bounds is heap of stones in the line of Caleb Baldwin's land, 
then run southerly six rods to a heap of stones, then westerly 11 rods, 
joing to the main highway thenr un northerly five rods to first bounds 
laid out by us. — Joseph Bristol Lemuel Camp, committee." 

In that burying place. Land's End, stands a headstone that marks 
the grave of Jeremiah Turner, the first white child born in New- 
town, says the inscription. With this cemetery, as with all in 
constant use, the grounds have been enlarged and in the care every- 
thing is done with excellent taste. 

Next in order to the cemetery at Land's End came that at "Zoar Farm" 
so called. "On May 6, 1767, Samuel Adams of Newtown sold a half acre of 
land for one pound, sixteen shillings and nine pence to Benjamin Curtis. 
Zachariah Clark, John Adams, Moses Piatt, Abel Botsford, Abner Hard, 
Theophilus Nettleton, John Beach, Benjamin Curtis, Jr., Nehemiah Curtis, 
Henry Glover, Ja., Nathaniel Mallory, John Sherman, Josiah Piatt, Abijah 
Curtis and Josiah Beardsley, for a burying place in the farm called Zoar." 
In 1770, the town of Newtown generously voted, in town meeting assem- 
bled, "that the farm called Zoar, shall have the old burying cloth, and 
that the town shall proceed to procure a new one for the use of the town, 
and the selectmen shall procure a new burying cloth as they shall have 
opportunity." 

The cemetery has been twice enlarged and in neatness and artis- 
tic adornment shows well for the loving care of those whose loved 
ones are there. (Now called Berkshire) 

In 1787 the people at Taunton farms wanted one for their neigh- 



GOD'S ACRE 191 

borhood and the town records show that on "November 24, 1787, 
Joseph Foote sold 24 square rods of ground, which with the 40 square rods 
sold two days previously by Hezekiah Daton to the same parties for 30 
shillings formed the nucleus for Taunton Cemetery." 

Dec. 28, 1787. Joseph Griffin sold to Samuel Griffin, Gamaliel 
French and others 48 square rods of ground "for the sole purpose 
of a burying ground so long as it should be used for that purpose." 
and that is the Huntingtown cemetery, since twice enlarged. 

The land for the Sandy Hook cemetery was sold by Abijah 
]\Ierritt to David Meeker, Abijah B. Curtis and Marcus Botsford, 
selectmenof Newtown, for $60.00, containinga half acre, more or less, 
and to be used as a public burying ground and for no other purpose. 

There are two cemetery plots in Flat Swamp district, near the 
school house. One on an open knoll was given by Philo Toucey 
abuot 1800. He lived nearby and intended it for a family burying 
ground, and it so remained for a term of years. Later, the bodies 
were removed to our village cemetery. A few head stones still 
remain, but there is now but one body which bore the Toucey 
name. The older plot nearby, on a triangular piece of ground be- 
tween three roads, dates back of 1800, but we gather no facts as to 
its history and it is no longer in use. 

In Half Way River district, there is what is known as the 
Bradleyville cemetery. 

In Hopewell is a cemetery, an acre or so in extent, that joins the 
Redding line. 

A small cemetery, too, in Palestine, near Morgan's Four Corners, 
for the family of Piatt of which there were many in the early days. 

There used to be a few graves marked by headstones beside the 
highway on a cross road leading from Hopewell to Gregory's 
Orchard, but, w^hile on a prospecting tour along that way, I found 
that brush had been cut, a stone wall built, the headstones had all 
disappeared, and I was told they had been put in the renovated 
stone wall. It came at once to my mind, "Cursed be he that remov- 
eth his neighbor's landmark and all the people shall say Amen." 

The burying ground at Cold Spring was enclosed about 1825, by 
Capt. Henry Botsford for family use, the first burial in which was 
his own son, who died in 1829. Later, by free will of Capt. Botsford 
it was opened for a public burial place. 

In the order of organization of the several cemeteries in New- 
town, St. Rose's cemetery comes last. In September, 1860, Peter 
Nash sold to Rev. Frances J. Lenihan two acres of land in Pootatuck 
district for $200. It was at once consecrated for use. In 1892 soon 
after the coming of Rev. Patrick Fox, another purchase was made 
by St. Rose by which the ground has been much enlarged. It is 
beautifully located in the Glen, the part of town most noted for 
scenic beauty and grandeur, where mountain, river, hill and valley 
blend in one harmonious whole, and where the evergreen in its 
profusion speaks of immortality and the never-ending life. In the 
cemetery is a marble slab that marks the burial place of Mary Cain, 
who died Sept. 7, 1860, and on the back of the slab is inscribed "she 
was the first one buried in this cemetery." The location of the 
cemetery is fine and its natural surroundings most beautiful. 



192 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

We anticipate the question, "What was the burying cloth and , 
what was its use?" In my early childhood, it was the custom in 
the several towns to depend upon some one person skilled in hand- 
icraft, to make coffins. No stock of coffins was kept, but as deaths j 
occurred, dimensions were obtained and the coffin made. Lumber 
obtained from our native woods was i<srd. Willow, poplar or 
chestnut was preferred. In shape, tapering^ at each end, but wider 
at the proper place to accommodate the elbows, stained and varn- 
ished, the initials of the name and years of age, madfe with round 
headed brass tacks. The maker of the coffin was expected to attend 
at the burial. Before the advent of the hearse the coffin was carried 
in a straight box farm wagon, with the "burying cloth" of black 
broadcloth, furnished by the town, spread over the coffin. No 
handlt^s were used at the time, and, from the entrance to the 
cemetery, the coffin was carried to the grave on a hand bier. No 
box for cofrins had then come in use. The coffin was lowered into 
the grave, a bundle of straw' spread over it and the earth then 
shoveled upon it. The expenses for ''burial, including coffin and 
everything, would be from $3 to $15. 

"' 
INSCRIPTIONS AND FP!TA?HS 

From Old Heads'ones on the "Town Plot of Newtown Cemetery. 

Some effort has been made to make choice of particular cases, 
and to take inscriptions from those that date up to 1800. It is a 
matter of surprise that the number of headstones that date back of 
1800 is comparatively snfall,jind that none, have as yet been found 
that date back of 1741, as the plot was set apart for a burying 
ground in 1711. Some of the earliest burials might have been at 
Milford, Derby or Stratford, jVlaces from which the settlers came, 
and some graves might not have had headstones, yet for all that 
it does seem though tliere might have been a number that would 
date back of 1741. One dislikes to believe it due to vandalism, 
although from the writer's personal knowledge, there was time 
when a certain stone mason ('now dead) was caught leveling up a 
foundation for a monument, by taking an old headstone from its 
place and breaking it up. Caught in the act, he was told that if 
ever caught at it again , he would be prosecuted. Being one to 
whom a penny seemed as large as a cart wheel, we presume the 
threat had the desired effect. Those moss-covered headstones, 
standing, as most of them have, for more than 150 years, are still a 
silent reminder of those who long since preceded us and, as we are 
doing, generations now unborn will pause at your headstone and 
mine, and wander still farther among these same old headstones 
with the quaint inscriptions that interest us so much to-day. 

Beneath, the dust "Loud speaks the Grave 

of Sueton Grant My Goal unnerves the Strong, 

who died October 7, 1760, My shades deform the gay, 

aged 15 years, 10 months and 13 ^.^g Fair, the Young 

d^ys> , T^ , , ^ Ye Youth, awaken. Catch the 

the son of Donald Grant .u^^^-i;,,^^ A^.r 

r ^1 • L r ^-^ i-u 1 • 4-u„ shortliveu day 

of the parish of Duthel m the _. ■'. ^ , 

County of Inverness in Scotland Improve your Time and Talents 

and of Arminal his wife. while ye may." 



INSCRIPTIONS AND EPITAPHS 



193 



Here lies the body of 

Elizabeth Grant, daughter 

of Mr. Donald Grant 

of the Parish of Duthel, 

in ye County of Inverness 

in Scotland, 

and Mrs Arminal, his wife, 

died May ye 5, 1762, 

Aged 16 years 

and 12 days. 

Here lies the body of 

Mr. Donald Grant 

of the Parish of Duthel 

in ye Countj^ of Inverness, 

in Scotland 

Died January 10, 1763, 

in ye 55th year 

of his age 

Beneath, the Dust of 

Donald Grant, who Died 

October 18, 1767, aged 20 years, 

1 month and 3 days, 

son of Donald Grant of the 

Parish of Duthel, 

in the County of Inverness, 

Scotland, and 

Arminal, his wife. 

Here lies buried 

the body of 

Caleb Baldwin, Esq., 

who departed this life 

March 9, A. D. 1771, in ye 

70th year of his age. 

In memory of 

Mrs Alehitable, wife of 

Caleb Baldwin, Esq. 

She died 
Sept. ye 28, A. D. 1758, 
aged 61 years. 

Mrs. Betty Baldwin 

late widow of 

Col. Caleb Baldwin 

departed this life 

June 8, 1787 

aged 56 years. 

This monument is erected in 

remembrance of an affectionate 

mother, by her youngest son. 

Sacred to the 

memory of Mr. 

Lemuel Thomas 

for man}'^ years a skilled 

and useful practioner of 

surgery and physics 

who departed this 

Life September 30, A. D. 

• 1775. AE 48. 



In memory of 

Rev'd Mr. David Judson, 

pastor of the First 

Church of Christ in 

Newtown, who departed 

this life Sept. ye 24, 

A. D. 1776, in ye 61 

year of his life. 

Here lies ye body 

of Mary Judson 

Daughter of the Rev. 

David Judson and his 

wife Mary who died 

July the 23, 17— 

Aged 7 years and 20 days 

David, son of Rev. Mr. 

David Judson and Mary Judson 

Died Dec. 11, 1749, Aged 1 year 6 

Months and 20 days. 

Here lyeth interred 
the earthly remains of 
the Rev'd John Beach, 
A.M., late missionary 

from the 

venerable society for 

the propagation of the 

Gospel in foreign parts, 

who exchanged this life 

for mortality 

on the 19th day of March, 

1782, 

in the 52nd year of his 

ministry. 

"The sweet remembrance of the 

just 

Shall flourish when he sleeps in 

dust." 

Reader let this tablet abide. 

In memory of 

Rev. Philo Perry, 

Pastor of the Episcopal 

Society in Newtown, 

Who died Oct. 26, 1798, 

in the 46th year of his age, 

and the thirteenth of his ministry. 

"I heard a voice from heaven 

saying unto me, write 

From henceforth blessed are the 

dead who die in the Lord." 

Here lies interred the Body of 

Thomas Tousey Esq. 

who Died March 14, 1761 

in the 74th Year of his age. 

Down to an impartial Grave's 

devouring shade 
Sink Human Honors and the 
Hoary Head 
Protract your years acquire 
what mortals can 
Here see with deep Concern the 
End of Man. 



194 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Here Lyes ye Body of Here lies hurried ye body of Ezra 

Mrs. Johannah Wheeler son of Obadiah Wheeler who 

wife to Capt. Obadiah Wheeler departed this life Maye ye 10th 

Who Died Febu'ry ye 15 A. D. 1768 in ye 12 Year of his age. 

A. D. 1758 in ye 62 ^ , 

Year of her Age. To the memory of 

Alice Camp, 

TT 1- u • J widow of 

Here lies buried Lemuel Camp, 

l^u f°J^ ?JrS^?- Who died Dec. 5, 1796 

.xru^^^"^""^. ^ .f T -f in the 87th year 

Who departed this Life r i.^ 

February ye 24, A. D. 1770 °* ^^^ ''^^■ 

in ye 76 year of 'The sweet remembrance of the 

his age. just 

Shall flourish when they sleep in 

The once well respected "Why do we mourn departing 

Mr. David Booth friends 

Here rested from the hurry Qr shake at Death's alarms? 

of life the 8th of April A. D. 1777, .jjg but the voice that Jesus sends 

aged LXXllI, j^ call them to his arms." 

"Could a virtuous, honest and in memory of 

amiable character, could bless- Miss Currence Camp 

ings of the poor echoing from who departed this life 

his gate, with Christian fortitude 

Could ye sympathetick April 30, 1799, 

Grief of an aged partner or the A. E. 22. 

Soft'ning tears of a numerous off- "As I am so you must be 

spring Lean on Christ and follow me." 
Disarm the King of Terrors, 

He had not died. What is Life? Here lies ye Body of Mrs. 

to answer Life's great aim, Ann Peck, wife of Mr. 

From Earth's low prison from this Henry Peck who died 

vale of tears April ye— 1741, in ye— 

with age incumbered and oppres- Year of her age. 

sed with fears ^u ■ . u a Here lies buried 

Death set him free, his Christ had ^j^^ g^^ ^j ^^^^ j^^^^^y 

T ""^^^c t'^/^^K^ 1 . • . Peck, wife of Mr. Henry Peck 

Let grief be dumb; let pious sor- ^^^ ^.^^ ^ -^ ^^ 17^1^ 

rows cease. 175^^ j^^ y^ 27th 

year of her age. 

To the memory of j^ memory of 

Mr. Lemuel Camp, -^ Henrv Peck 

Who, on the 30th Day of Jan'ry, who deoar^ed thh life 

''T.r T T'r''' ^° d'^rh^risHan " " MarTh 1o?h''l796 ' 

With Meekness and Christian 77^j^ Year 

Fortitude resigned his Life to the ^ ^.^^ 

Almighty Giver, ^ 

and quietly fell asleep. Here lies interred, the 

This monument is inscribed. body of Mrs. Jane, the 

"The marble monument may yield dear wife of Richard 

To time; Time to Eternity, Fairman, Esq., who dw 

But the remembrance of the just git together in the mar 

shall flourish ried state 30 ye 

When Time shall cease _ ars, wanting 23 days. 

And Death is swallowed up with And was in his opinion a 

Victory." woman of the best sense and 

judgement that he was e 

Here Lyes ye body of ver acquainted with, a 

Mrs Betty Ferris wife to Mr. nd he believes truly pious, 

Abraham Ferris, who died who dep'r'd this hie in the 

August ye 28th, 1759, in ye 36 58th yr of her age. May 16, 

Year of her age 1775. 



INSCRIPTIONS AND EPITAPHS 



195 



In memory of 

Richard Fairman, Esq., 

who departed this life 

Sept. the 22, A. D. 1775, 

in the 64th year 

of his age 

Here lies the 

remains of 

Mrs Rebekah Nichols 

The amiable and 

virtuous consort 

of Captain Peter Nichols 

who departed this life 

October 12, 1793. 

In ye 61st yr. of her age. 

In memory of 

Mr. Abraham Ferris 

who died April ye 4th A. D. 1789 

in ye 68th year of his age 

"No Gift of Nature, Art or Grace 

Exempted from ye Burying Place. 

All must obey death's solemn call 

Before that tyrant all must fall." 

Lies intome'd the 
Remains of Mrs. Zilpha 
wife to Zalmon Peck who 
departed this life Dec. 
the 31st A. D. and we de- 
posited on New Year's day 
1797 in the 40th year of her age 
"Faiewell, my loving sons, my 
friends. 
Bear well in mind death is your 
ends 
For God has called you when he 

pleased. 
Happy are they whose hopes rely 
On Israel's God who built thesky 

In memory of 

Mr. Epphriam Bennitt 

who died 

of a cancer in his breast 

October 7, 1779 

In the 65 year 

of his life. 

"Many are the afflictions 

Alloted in this life 

And few have endured trial 

More severe." 

In memory of 

Mr. Vincent Stillson 

Who died Jany 2, 1797 

In ye 73rd Year of his age 

also of 

Mrs. Sarah Stillson 

Who died Jan. 3, 1797 

In ye 35th year of her age 

They are both inter'd 

in one Grave. 



To the memory of 

Mr. David Curtis, 

the agreeable companion & the 

generous friend who was 

suddenly arrested by remorseless 

Death, July 29th, A. D. 1783 

in the 42nd year of his age, 

this monument is inscribed : 

"Of this man may it with propriety 

be said 
His friends were many, his en- 
emies few. 
The partial friend may virtues 

magnify. 
The flattering marble may record 

a lye, 
But God, who judgeth righteously 

and just 
Will raise his children from the 

sleeping dust 
Proclaim their worth in Earth, in 

air and heaven 
Their pardon seal'd and write 
their sins forgiven." 

Safely inter'd here lies 
the remains of Mrs. Mary, 
the amiable consort 
of Mr. Jabs. Baldwine, 
who made her exit Jan- 
uary ye 1770, in the 
36th year of her age leav- 
ing behind her, 5 children. 
"When a fond mother's care 
has nursed her 
Babes to manly size, she 
Must with us'ry pay 
the grave." 

In memory of 

Mrs Sally Cooke 

2nd wife of Daniel B. Cook 

who departed this Life 

December 12 A. D. 1794 

Aged 20 Years 

this stone is erected. 

"Could the Piety which adorns 

or Benevolence which endears 

human nature 

Could tenderest friendship 

or the Purest Love 

Disarme the King of terrors 

She had not died." 

In Memory of 
Reuben H. Booth 
who was drowned 

Nov. 24, 1814 

aged 43 years. 

"How in an instant he was called 

Eternity to view 

Not time to regulate his house 

Nor bid ye world adieu." 



196 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



In memory of Mr> Jo 

nathan Booth. He died February 

ye 8, A. D. 1755, 

aged TZ years. 

Here Lies ye Body 

of Lieut. John 

Griffin who departed 

this Life May 5 

A. D. 1777 in ye 51 

Year of his age 

"Who has Gone to Rest 

For Immortality." 

In memory of 

Mrs Jerusha ye Amiable Consort 

of Zalmon Tousey 

who departed this life 

February 11, 1785 



In memory of 

Oliver Tousey, Esq'r 

who departed this life 

Jan. 27, 1799. 

in ye 73rd year of his Age 

"Stop, reader, shed a mournful tear 

Upon the dust that slumbers here 

And while you read the fate of me 

Think on the glass that runs for 

thee." 



To the memory of 

Mrs Deborah Tousey late 

Consort of Oliver Tousey Esq'r 

who departed this life 

March 15 1801 in the 70th year 

of her age 



In memory of 

Gideon Botsford 

who died Sept. 22, 1791, 

Aged 70 years 

4 months. 



In memory of Isaac Tousey 

who departed this life 

Dec. 5th, 1794 aged 39 years 

11 mos. and 10 days 



In memory of Mrs 

Meriam, widow and 

relict to Mr. Gide 

on Botsford, Dic'st. 

She died Nev. 16, 1795 

Aged 66 years. 

the grave." 

In Memory of 

Mr. James Bald 

win Junr., who departed this 

Life Tune the 9th 

A. D. 1773 in the 56th Year 

of his age. 



In memory of Zalmon Tousey 

who died June 26, 1810 

In ye 7 — year 

of his age. 



In memory of 

Gideon Bennitt son 

Gideon and Pulchrea 

Botsford 

Who Died December the 18 

A. D. 1774 

Aged 4 months 12 days. 



Here Lies ye Body of 

Mrs Thankful 

Baldwin wife to 

Mr Nathan Baldwin 

Died October ye 25 

1741 

In ye 79 year of 

her age. 

In memory of 
Mr. Abraham 
Botsford, who de- 
parted this life March ye 
25th, A. D. 1791, in ye 64th 
year of his age. 



Here lyes ye body 

of Mr John Glover 

He died in ye faith 

and communion of 

ye church of England 

June ye 2, A. D. 1752 

and in ye 78th year 

of his age. 

in the 40th year of Her Age. 

"Man is dom'd to die 

A sentence of ye Judge on high 

No ransom can give but in ye 

ransom paid, he yet shall live." 



In memory of 
Mrs Nancy Botsford 

relict of 
Abraham Botsford. 
who died Oct. 24, 1795 
in ye 64th year of her age. 



David Son of 

Mr. Jonathan and 

Mrs. Pheobe 

Booth. Died 

Sept. ye 22nd, 1753, aged 

4 years, and 11 days. 



INSCRIPTIONS AND EPITAPHS 



197 



Joseph, son of 

Mr. Jonathan 

and Mrs Pheobe 

Booth. Died 

August ye 11, 1751, 

Aged 3 years & 1 month. 

This monument is 

Erected in Memory of 

Capt'n Peter Nichols 

Who exchanged this Life 

for Immortality June 15, 

1799 in ye 67 Year of his 

Age. 

Here lies the body 

of Sarah Booth. 

dau. of Mr. Jonathan 

& Mrs. Pheobe Booth. 

Died Febry 15, 1759, 

in the 15th year 

of her age. 

Here lies ye 

body of 

Hester, wife of 

Jonathan Booth. 

In Memory of 

Moses Wheeler 

son to Mr Abiel and Mary 

Booth. He died Feby 15 

A. D. 1770 in ye 7 

Year of his age. 

In memory of 

Andrew Booth 

son of 

Mr. Abel and Mary Booth 

Who died Jan. 17, 1775, 

Aged 14 years. 

In memory of 
Moses Wheeler Booth 

second son of Mr 
Abiel and Mary Booth 
Who died Jan. 21, 1795 

Here lies ye Body of 

Mr. Samuel Starling son of 

Mr. John Starling 

who departed this Life June ye 6th 

1764 in ye 27 Year 

of His age 



To the memory of Mrs. 

Elizabeth Jennings Edmond, 

eldest daughter of the late 

Hon John Chandler and Mrs Mary 

Chandler, who departed this 

life February 17, 1795, aged 29 years 

8 months and 17 days 

this monument is erected by her 

sorrowing husband 

William Edmond. 



Here lies ye body of 

Mr John Starling son of 

Mr John Starling and Mrs 

Sarah Starling 

Who Departed this Life August 

ye 6th 1767 in ye 25th Year 

of his Age 

Here lies buried the Body of 

Mr John Sterling 

who departed this Life 

July ye 19th 1780 in ye 72nd 

Year of his age. 

In Memory of 

Mr. Jacob Starling 

who departed this Life 

October 9, 1796 

in ye 57th Year of His Life. 

In memory of Mrs. Sarah 

Starling Relict of 

Mr. John Starling 

who departed this Life 

Dec. 13th 1797 

In ye 87th year 

of her Age 



Here Lyes buried ye 

Body of Mrs Bethiah 

Botsford, wife to Mr. 

Gideon Botsford, who 

died November ye 26, 

1754, about 38 years 

of her age. 



NEWTOWN'S LAWYERS 

Judge William Edmond was born Sept. 28, 1755, in Woodbury, 
Conn. He was graduated from Yale College in 1777; took part in 
an engagement with the British in Ridgefield, was severely wound- 
ed in the leg, April 27, 1777, and lay on the field over night. He 
never recovered from the effects of that wound. In May, 1782, he 
established himself in the practice of law in Newtown and there 
resided until his death, Aug. 1, 1858, aged 83. In 1797, he was 
elected a member of Congress, serving 4 years. He was appointed 
judge of the Superior Court in 1805, which ofifice he held until 1819. 
He was a remarkable man, plain and unassuming in manners, mild 
and amiable in deportment, just and honest in dealing, honorable 
and magnanimous in feeling. 

It is told that a man went to engage him in a suit against a neigh- 
bor who had borrowed a wash-tub and had allowed it, through 
neglect, to fall to pieces. After hearing the story, the Judge asked 
how much the tub was worth. Being told "about a dollar," the 
Judge gave the man a dollar and told him to go home and live in 
peace with his neighbor. 

He married, Nov. 30, 1784, Elizabeth J., daughter of Col. John 
and Mary Chandler. She died Feb. 17, 1795, and he married, Feb. 
14, 1796, Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Payne of Hartford. His 
children: Mary E., born 1785; Elizabeth P., 1798; Sarah, June 24, 
1800, (married Dr. Cyrenius Booth in 1820) ; William P., 1802; Ann, 
1804 ; Robert 1805. 

Samuel Curtis Blackman, born in Monroe, Conn., March 22, 1768, 
graduated from Yale in 1793, continued in practice more than 50 
years. When the Probate district was established, he was chosen 
Judge and held the office for 17 years, until, at 70 years, the law 
rendered him inelligible. 

He was for many years a school-visitor. His late home was the 
first house south of the Congregational Church, now the Grand 
Central, where he died, Nov. 17, 1858, in his 91st year. He married 
Sarah Toucey of Newtown, born, April 23, 1777, who died, Dec. 6, 
1835. Their children : Caroline, Sarah, George, Alfred, William 
and Samuel. 

Asa Chapman, born at Saybrook, Sept. 2, 1770, graduated at Yale 
in 1792 ; admitted to the bar in 1795 ; settled in practice in Newtown, 
"was repeatedly elected the representative of that town to the 
General Assembly of the State and, in 1817, was elected member of 
the Governor's Council, comprising at that time 12 members;" 
elected Judge of Superior Court and Court of Errors in 1818, hold- 
ing this office until his death in New Haven, Sept. 25, 1825. 

He married at Newtown, Mary daughter of Bennett Perry, M. D. 
Had five children, the eldest Charles. 

Holbrook Curtis, born in Newtown, July 14, 1787, studied with 
Dr. Burhans and with Judge Asa Chapman ; graduated from Yale 
1807; admitted to Fairfield County bar in 1809, was in Newtown the 
next 4 years. Later moved to Watertown, Conn., elected Judge of 
Probate in Watertown and was judge of the County Court for 
Litchfield County. 




GOVERXOR ISAAC TOUCEY 

See Page 199 



NEWTOWN'S LAWYERS 199 

In 1821, was sent to the General Assembly and returned in 1822, 
'33, '17, '39, '43, and '45. He married a daughter of Hon. William 
Edmond of Newtown. Died, Feb. 21, 1858. 

Reuben Booth, born in Newtown, Nov. 26, 1794, graduated at 
Yale. 1816; entered the law-office of David S. Boardman at New 
Milford, for about a year, then moved to Danbury and continued 
his studies with Moses Hatch ; was instructor in Danbury Academy ; 
admitted to the bar in 1818. In 1822, he represented Danbury in 
the General Assembly and, the same year, was Judge of Probate 
for Danbury ; held probate office till 1835. Elected State Senator 
in 1830; was Lieutenant-Governor of this State in 1844 — 5. Died in 
Danbury, Aug. 14, 1848. 

Henry Dutton, born Feb. 12, 1796, grduated at Yale with honor 
in 1818; tutor in the college from 1821 to 1823 ; attorney and coun- 
selor-at law in Newtown, Bridgeport and New Haven ; author of 
Dutton's Conn. Digest ; commissioner for the revision of the State 
Statutes and of Swifts Digest; Professor of law in Yale; member, 
clerk and Speaker of Connecticut House of Representatives ; State 
Senator ; Governor of Connecticut in 1854 and Judge of the Super- 
ior Court of Errors, 1861. In 1847, he became Kent professor of 
law in Yale Law School. For a year he acted as Judge of the New 
Haven Countv Court. Was married to Eliza Elliott Joy of Fairfield 
County. He died April 26, 1869. 

Hon. Isaac Toucey, born in Newtown, Nov. 5, 1796,, studied law 
with Hon. Asa Chapman of Newtown ; Admitted to the bar in 1818, 
settled in practice at Hartford ; was State's Attorney for Hartford 
county from 1822 to 1835. when he was elected representative in 
Congress and continued there four years ; elected Governor of 
State, 1846. During latter part of President Polk's term ,Governor 
Toucey was Attorney general of the United States. In 1850, he 
was in the Connecticut Senate ; elected to the United States Senate 
in 1851, for the term of six years; was in President Buchanan's 
Cabinet as Secretary of the Navy. He was offered a seat on the 
bench of the Supreme Court, but declined it. 

He was a devout member of the Episcopal Church and, in his will 
left Trinity College, Hartford, a sum whose interest is to pay for 
the education of a candidate for the ministry in the Episcopal 
Church. 

He married Catharine Burrill, but left no children. His last years 
were spent in retirement at his pleasant home in Hartford where 
he died, July 30, 1869. 

David Hull Belden, born in 1798, was son of Rev. David Belden 
of Wilton. Conn. He early located in Newtown, and most of his life 
was spent there. At his death. May 7, 1872, was the eldest member 
of the Fairfield County Bar, having been associated with it for 
more than 50 years. He was a successful lawyer and served as 
State's Attorney. In 1829, he represented the town in the Legisla- 
ture and was one of the founders of Newtown Academy. Oct. 20, 
1824 he married Cornelia, eldest daughter of John and Clarissa 
Peck Johnson, who died in 1828. He later married her sister. 
Susan Jane, who died in 1835, leaving Cornelia, Clarissa, David and 



200 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

John. His third wife was Miss Ann Clarke, who died in 1862, 
leaving four children: Mary, who died in 1862; Fred, who died a 
few years later ; Howard and Reuben. There were no children by 
the fourth wife, Miss Sarah J. Peck. 

Charles Chapman, born in Newtown, June 21, 1799 son of Asa 
Chapman judge of the Supreme Court of Connecticut. He com- 
menced his law studies with his father, later studied at Litchfield 
Law School and completed them with the late Chief Justice 
Williams in Hartford. He was admitted to the bar in 1820, began 
practice in New Haven and in 1832 removed to Hartford, where he 
spent the rest of his life. Six times he represented Hartford in the 
State Legislature; was elected to Congress in 1851 by the Whigs; 
was also U. S. Attorney for the district of Connecticut, from the 
Spring of 1841 to the close of 1844. Had a very large practice, 
especially in criminal cases. He died in Hartford in 1870. 

David B. Beers, born in Newtown, Feb. 18, 1805, studied law at 
Litchfield Law School ; practiced law to some extent ; resided in 
Newtown most of his life, dying July 28, 1885 in the same house in 
which he was born. April 12, 1835, he married Margaret Pray 
Of their four children, Emma E. died young; George in 1859, aged 
17; Emma S. several years later; John Samuel, born April, 1836, 
was for many years a successful business man in Bridgeport, stud- 
ied for the ministry, was ordained in 1871 and became a very useful 
clergyman in the Episcopal Church. Died at Natick, Mass., Nov. 
20, 1886. 

A grandson, George Emerson Beers, graduate of Yale, also of 
Yale Law School, is professor of Law, also Compensation Commis- 
sioner at Yale University. 

Isaac M. Sturges, born at Wilton, July 6, 1807, admitted to the 
bar in January 8, 1837 and at once commenced practice in Newtown 
removing to Bridgeport in 1848. Elected Representative from 
Wilton in 1837, from Newtown in 1844, and again in Wilton in 1876. 
Was Judge of Probate for Newtown in 1844 and judge of Bridge- 
port City Court in 1860-1. He died at Wilton, Oct. 30, 1877. 

Alfred Blackman, son of Judge Samual Curtis Blackman, born at 
Newtown, Dec. 28, 1807, graduated at Yale in 1828; admitted to the 
bar in 1830; practiced law in Seymour until 1842, when he moved to 
Waterbury and, a year later, to New Haven, where he spent the 
rest of his life. In 1842, elected to the State Senate from the 5th 
Senatorial district. In 1855, represented New Haven in the General 
Assembly. Was Judge of Probate, Judge of the County Court, 
Mayor of the city and Clerk of the U. S. District Court from 1853 
to 1868. He died in New Haven, April 20, 1880. 

Hon. Amos Sherman Treat, born Feb. 5, 1816, in Bridgewater, 
Conn, prepared for college at Hudson, Ohio, and entered Yale in the 
in the class of 1838 remaining only two years; was admitted to 
Litchfield County bar in 1843 ; practiced in Newtown for 10 years, 
where he was postmaster and member of the Board of Education; 
also judge of Probate. In July, 1854, he removed to Bridgeport; 
was Clerk of Fairfield County Court from 1854 to 1859, member of 
the Peace Congress in 1862, and one of the managers of the Sani- 



'0^ 



'i'ld. 





^=^^UX^:Z.C~-H^ ^6 ^ lAytcn^-y^ 



NEWTOWN'S LAWYERS 201 

tary Commission during the Rebellion; was member of the Conn, 
legislature from Bridgeport in 1858, '62, '69, and '79, and from 
Woodbridge from 1871 to 1873; was Speaker of the House in 1872; 
was connected with various business enterprises relating to the 
growth of the city. 

Lineal descendant of Robert Treat, former Governor of the State. 
He died, April 24, 1886. 

Judge Daniel Blackman, son of Col. Reuben Blackman, was born 
in Newtown, Dec. 31, 1822, where his elementary education was 
received. Taught in Newtown Academy, then went to Southbury, 
where he studied law under Joel Hinman and taught school. Was 
admitted to the bar in Fairfield when quite young and located in 
Danbury, where he remained seven years. From there, he went to 
Cassopolis, Mich., where he edited the Cassopolis Democrat for 
two years. He was elected Circuit Judge, later went to Chicago 
and practiced law until his death, Jan. 11, 1896. 

Julius B. Curtis, born at Newtown, Dec. 10, 1825, son of Nichols 
and Sarah A. Curtis, descendant of Capt. Wm. Curtis, one of the 
early settlers of Stratford. He was educated in the public schools 
and in Newtown Academy ; read law with Hon. Edward Hinman of 
Southbury, with Isaac N. Sturges, and Amos S. Treat, of Newtown 
and further studied at the State and National Law School at Balls- 
ton Springs, N. Y. ; was admitted to the bar at Fairfield, Dec, 27. 
1850; member of State Senate from 12th district in 1858 and 1860; 
judge of Court of Probate for Stamford in 1867, '68, '69, and Judge 
of City Court of Stamford from 1889 to 1893. Commenced law 
practice at Greenwich in 1851 and removed to Stamford in Novem- 
ber, 1864. 

Luzon B. Morris, son of Eli Gould and Lydia Bennett Morris, 
was born at Newtown, April 16, 1827. Attended Conn. Literary 
Institute at Suffield ; was graduated at Yale College, 1854; studied 
law at Yale Law School, also in private office work ; admitted to 
bar in 1856. Began practice in Seymour, but afterward moved to 
New Haven. Represented town of Seymour in General Assembly 
two sessions, 1855-6. Judge of Probate for New Haven District for 
six successive terms, 1857-'63. In 1870, '76, '80 and '81, represented 
New Haven in General Assembly, and, in 1874, was member of 
State Senate. Was member of committee formed in 1880 to settle 
controversy over boundary line between New York and Connec- 
ticut. In 1884, was chairman of committee to revise Probate laws 
of Conn. Candidate for Governor in 1888, elected Governor in 1892; 
took office January, 1893. In 1856, married Miss Eugenia Tuttle of 
Seymour. Their children: Charles G. Morris and Mrs Arthur 
Hadley of New Haven, Dr. Robert T. Morris and Roy Morris of 
New York, Mrs. Charles Pratt of Brooklyn, New York. 

Richard Botsford, son of Austin N. and Volucia Glover Botsford, 

born in Newtown, Oct. 28, 1830, attended district school and private 

school of Harry Peck in Taunton ; studied at Hobart Academy, 

Hobart, N. Y. for three years ; studied at State Normal School, 

' New Britian; taught school at St. Charles. Ill, also in Wisconsin 

I and Missouri. While teaching he read law, and in 1856 entered a 



202 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

law office at Rlack Rock Falls. Wisconsin, was admitted to the bar 
in 1857 and began practicing his profession at Elgin, 111., was Attor- 
ney for Illinois Central R. R. more than 25 years to the time of his 
death, April 5, 1908, at Elgin, 111. He was Judge of King County 
Court, four years. He had two children. 

James Nichols, born in Newtown, Dec. 25, 1830, admitted to bar 
of Hartford County, 1854; settled in practice in Hartford, was at 
one time Assistant Clerk of Superior Court. In 1861, was elected 
Judge of Probate for Hartford. In 1867, he abandoned law and, 
later, became president of the National Fire Insurance Co. Died in 
Hartford in 1916. IMarried Miss Isabella Starkweather. 

Hon. Charles H. Brisco, son of Charles and Mary Brisco, was 
born in Newtown, Dec. 20, 1831 ; studied law with Amos S. Treat; 
admitted to the bar in 1854; began practice in Enfield in 1854. In 
1868, he moved his office to Hartford, practiced alone until 1877, 
when he associated with J. M. Maltbie until about October, 1881. 
Represented Enfield in the General Assembly in 1857, '64 and '78, 
the latter year Speaker of the House. Member of State Senate, 
1861, serving as chairman of Committee on Military Afifairs. Was 
first judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Hartford County 
serving from 1869 to 1875. Was married in 1855 to Anna J. Travers 
of Newark, N. J., who died in 1875. Second marriage to Alice E. 
Bradley of Newtown, 1878. Children by first marriage, Willis A., 
AnnieT. and Alice A. 

Judge David Belden, son of David H. and Susan Johnson Belden, 
was born in Newtown, Aug. 14, 1832. As a boy, worked with 
Hiram Parmalee of Hattertown to learn carpenter's trade. In 1853, 
went to California and studied law. Began practice at Nevada City 
in 1855; elected County Judge of Nevada County in 1858; sent to 
State Senate in 1864; was Judge of 20th judicial district of Californ- 
ia from 1871 to 1880 and of Superior Court of Santa Clara County 
from 1880 to his death, May 14, 1888, at San Jose, California. 
Married Miss. Elizabeth Farrell in 1861. "Newtown was honored 
to have been the birthplace of such a man." 

Austin N. Botsford, son of Austin N. and Volucia Glover Botsford 
born at Newtown, April 21, 1842; attended district school and 
Newtown Academy ; graduated from Yale Law School and went to 
Fort Dodge, Iowa, whrere he still resides ; has retired from active 
law practice, but still has a few retainers. He has three children. 

Johnson Tuttle Piatt, son of Philo Toucey and Jeanette Tuttle 
Piatt, born at Newtown, Jan. 12, 1844; graduated from Harvard 
Law School, 1865 ; admitted to bar in Boston same year ; commen- 
ced pratice at Pittsfield, Mass. but soon removed to New Haven, 
became instructor in Yale Law School in 1869; full professor in 
1872; member of Court of Common Council many years, and, in 
1874, was made Corporation Council. For a number of years was 
Master of Chancery for State of Connecticut, and, at time of death, 
Jan. 23, 1890, was serving as United States Commossioner. 

"During nearly a quarter of a century at the bar and 20 years at 
Yale Law School, he had been honorably known as a learned law- 
yer, an independent thinker, a public-spirited citizen, and a kind- 




WILLIAM J. BEEl'Ul'.R 

See Page 203 




FREDERICK P. MARBLE 

See Page 203 



NEWTOWN'S LAWYERS 203 

hearted and high-minded man." 

Juhus C. Cable, born at Newtown, Oct. 11. 1849, son of Nathaniel 
J. and Phebe Cable ; studied in Newtown and at Cornell University; 
graduated from Yale Law School in 1873; admitted to bar at New 
Haven, June, 1873 ; member of Common Council of New Kaven, 
Clerk of City Court and, from 1883 to 1887, City Attorney of New 
Haven. In 1893 appointed Judge of City Courts. 

William J. Beecher was born in Bridgeport, Conn., March 5, 1859. 
His parents removed to Easton, where he was educated at the 
district school and Staples Academy ; graduated fr<»m Yale Law 
School in 1880. In July of that year was admitted tc bar at New 
Haven to practice in all the Courts of the State and, in August of 
that year, opened an office in Bridgeport, removing to Newtown 
in 1881. In November, 1886, was elected Judge of Probate for the 
District of Newtown and served four years. In 1894, he again 
opened an office in Bridgeport with Frank M. Canfield as partner, 
retaining his office at Newtown. In 1901, he was chosen director 
of Newtown Savings bank ; was also attorney for the Bank, the 
last two years serving on loaning committee ; was again elected 
Judge of Probate in 1906, which office he retained until his death, 
Dec. 3, 1915. Two daughters, the Misses Florence Glover and 
Marguerite Katharine Beecher, survive him. 

Charles N. Northrop, son of William and Julia Lamberton North- 
rop, born, Nov. 21, 1859. Attended Newtown Academy and entered 
Yale, but did not graduate owing to ill-health ; later studied law and 
was graduated from Yale Law School, 1880; commenced practice 
in Lincoln, Neb., returning soon to Newtown. In 1882 was Secre- 
tary of Board of School Visitors ; in 1885 was again elected, but 
declined when re-nominated in 1888. In 1887 was chosen Town 
Clerk and about that time was elected secretary of Newtown 
Savings Bank; in 1891, was elected Town Treasurer, which office 
he held until his death in May, 1908. In 1887, he married Mary 
Grace Hammond. Their children are Eleanor Louise and Nelson 
W^illiam Northrop. 

Frederick Parker Marble, lawyer. Born Newtown Conn., July 
14, 1859, son of Rev. Newton E. Marble, D. D. and Mary Gillis 
Marble. Great, great grandson of Gen. John Stark, Educated at 
Newtown Academy and Trinity College, Hartford. Left college at 
the end of sophomore year and tutored for year in the Bermuda 
Islands. Studied law with the Hon. George Stevens, Ex-District 
Attorney, at Lowell, Mass., and was admitted to the Massachu- 
setts Bar in 1882, and to practice in the U. S. Courts in 1888. 
Married Fannie Isabelle Talbot of Lowell, Mass., April 17, 1894. 
Practice has been largely concerned with banking and trust estates. 
Director and Counsel for Union National Bank of Lowell, Presi- 
dent of the Lyon Carpet Company of Lowell, formerly director of 
the Talbot Mills, North Billerica, Mass., and of the First National 
Bank of Lowell, President of the Lowell Humane Society, member 
of the American and Massachusetts Bar Associations, member of 
the Sons of the Revolution, member of Kilwining Lodge, F. & A. M. 
of Lowell, Republican, Vestryman of St. Anne's Church, Lowell, 



204 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

President of the Vesper-Country Club, Tyngsborough, Mass., mem- 
ber of the Yorick Club, Lowell and of the Engineers' Club, Boston. 
Home, 15 Fairview Street, Lowell. Office, Sun Building, Lowell, 
Mass. 

Nichols Curtis Downs, son of Monroe D. and Charlotte N. Downs 
born in Newtown, Dec. 12, 1861 ; educated in public schools and 
Newtown Academy; studied law with Julius B. Curtis of Stamford, 
admitted to the bar in Fairfield County, Alay 15, 1884; was deputy 
judge of Borough Court of Stamford 1887-93, judge of City Court 
of Stamford from 1893. Borough Attorney 1887-91 and in 1895 
was Corporation Counsel for City of Stamford. 

James M. Betts, son of Dr. Ralph N. and Mary Hough Betts was 
born at Sandy Hook, April 9, 1878. Attended private school of Mrs. 
Emily Bennett, Sandy Hook, school at St. Johnsbury, Vt. Bridge- 
port High School, and the last year of the class of 1902 at Newtown 
Academy. Took a course at Yale, graduating in 1906; took three 
years course in two years at Yale Law School, for Connecticut 
courts, passing six months later for practice in New York Courts. 
Is associated with Armitage and Douglas in Woolworth Building, 
New York. 



NEWTOWN'S DOCTORS OF THE OLD SCHOOL 

All who have given thought to the matter, will agree with the 
writer that there are no two classes of professional men who come 
into so close touch with individual and family life as clergymen and 
physicians — the one who comes when there may be greatest suffer- 
ing of mind, the other when the body is racked with pain or burn- 
ing with fever. Then, too, if they are men actuated by pure motives 
and by high Christian principle they can be a great power for good 
in any community. 

The first disciple of Esculapius Newtown ever had, who com- 
menced practice in Newtown in 1756, was Dr. Lemuel Thomas. 
From whence he came and where he received his education, we know 
not. Newtown records show that he was born in 1727 and was 
married by Rev. David Judson, the Presbyterian minister in New- 
town, to Mary Foote, Sept. 15, 1756. Three children were born to 
them, Lucy, born July 17, 1757; James, born Jan. 29, 1759; Lemuel, 
born Jan. 5, 1767. The records also show that his announcement to 
settle in Newtown for practice was well received by landed pro- 
prietors, for, at a town meeting held at the north schoolhouse six 
months after his marriage, it was "voted that Dr. Lemuel Thomas 
may have liberty to take up two acres and a half of land in ye town 
street for a horse pasture between ye school house at ye south end 
of ye town and Mr. Fabrique's house leaving an eight rod highway 
on ye east side thereof and sd Dr. Thomas shall possess sd two 
acres and a half of land and improve ye same so long as he shall 
continue in this town and practice doctering among us and if he 
should lay aside doctering as aforesaid or remove out of ye town ye 
sd land to return to ye town again, he taking away ye fence." 

Dr. Thomas practiced "doctering" in Newtown until his death. 
At the extreme south end of Newtown cemetery (old part) is a slab 
of red sandstone that marks the grave where his remains were 
buried and on it this inscription: 

"Sacred to the memory of Mr. Lemuel Thomas, for many years a skillful 
practitioner of surgery and physic who departed this life, September 30, 
A. D. 1775, aged 45 years. He is said to have been a self educated physician 
and possessed of considerable ability." 

Dr. Gideon Shepherd, who was born in Newtown and had studied 
medicine with Dr. Thomas, his professional predecessor, became, at 
Dr. Thomas' death, his immediate successor, and was practising 
physician in Newtown for over 40 years. 

It seems no more than just and right to lay before this genera- 
tion the estimate of one who knew Dr. Shepherd's worth as a 
physician and citizen. The occasional finding of choice bit of biog- 
raphy seems to him who delves in lonely surroundings as a vo'ce 
from the almost forgotten past. 

Dr. Rufus Blakeman, who was born in Monroe in 1795 and prac- 
ticed medicine in Greenfield Hill from 1822 to his death in 1870, 
says of Dr. Shepherd in an address delivered before the State 
Medical Society in 1853, that: 

"His professional coevals in neighboring towns generally conceded to 
him a precedence as a consulting physician and that he was one of the 
most prominent of the originators and supporters of the Fairfield County 
Medical Society and the records show him to have been one of the most 



206 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

active and frequent members." Of Dr. Shepherd's personal character Dr. 
Blakeman further says: "He was eccentric, but social, instructive and 
agreeable in his intercourse with society. He ever sustained a reputation 
of great moral purity and while he was highly esteemed by his friends, his 
enemies or traducers were rarely found. What few physicians can boast 
he was the father of 17 children, thereby refuting the charge that while 
enjoying the profits of a special branch of his profession as a prompt 
accessory in the accumlation of responsiblites on his friends, he was 
cautious in the assumption of similar burdens on himself. In his religious 
sentiments he was a zealous Sandemanian." Right here we will pick a few 
plums from Dr. Shepherd's genealogical tree. 

Dr. Gideon Shephard, married Sarah Watkins, March 20, 1776. Their first 
Mary, born Feb. 25, 1777; Abijah, born Nov. 28, 1778: Lucy, born Oct. 2Z, 1780 
Betsy, born Feb. 11, 1782: Silas Munson, born Oct. 27. 1783; Sarah Ann, born 
Sept". 3, 1786; Eunice, born Jan.. 1790; Maria, born March 10, 1794. 

The above named Eunice, my 7th child, departed this life, Oct. 16, 1793. 

The above said Sarah, my wife, departed this life, March 10, 1794, at 
birth of 8th child 

Dr. Gideon Shephard and Lucinda Peck joined in marriage covenant, 
November 6, 1794. 

Fanny Shephard, born Feb. 19, 1797; Maria Shepard, Aug. 23, 1798; 
William Peck, Feb. 16, 1800; Sally, April 6, 1802; Thomas Darwin Shepard. 
April 30, 1804; Charles Sydenham and Harriett Shepard, twins, born March 
2, 1806; Lewis Parsons Shepard, Dec. 14, 1807; Harriet Shephard, born 
Oct. 20, 1809; Martin Hebrinden Shepard, born Jan. 17, 1814. 

The following vote from the records of Fairfield Medical Society 
sufficiently evinces the estimation in which he was held by his 
brethern : 

"Voted, that Dr. Gideon Shepherd receive the patronage of this society 
in consumption and chronic cases of disease and that it be the duty of all 
members of this society to recommend him when counsel is deemed ex- 
pedient, etc., and that it be his duty to report all cases of that description 
to which he may be called to attend, with their particular symptoms, the 
particular medicines and the constitution of the several patients together 
with the predisposition of their ancestry." Then Dr. Blakeman goes on to 
say: "Although the existing generation of physicians may smile at such 
blending of professional opinion with popular belief, regarding excellence 
of the skill of individuals in special classes of disease, yet the fact is un- 
doubted that such were professional concessions as late as the close of 
the last and commencement of the present century. His mode of treat- 
ment of consumption, as I learn from his statement of cases left on the 
records of the society was not peculiar, being in general mildly antiphlog- 
istic and similar to the present treament of phthisis. To meet occurring 
symptoms, local bleeding counterirritants with anodyne and demulcent 
expectorants were his general prescriptions. His devotion to the science 
of medicine and its observant application to the diseases which he treated 
was strongly developed. My early impressions of the doctor are that he 
devoted greater attention to the occurring impro v'ements m medical science 
than most of his contemi>orary brethren 

Although not endowed with extraordinary intellectual powers, his talents 
were respectable and of a character calculated for usefulness rather than 
display or striking originality. If he did not attain eminence as a profes- 
sional scholar he was diligent in his efforts to acquire such portions of 
existing medical literature as were more immediately adapted to the 
emergencies of practice ordinarily presented to the notice of physicians. 
To the juniors in the profession his counsels were parental and he took 
the preference as a consulting physician." 

Though a disinterested reader may tire of this long sketch given 
one long since dead, is it any more than is due to the memory of 
him who was Newtown's family physician for more than 40 years, 
when testimony of one who spoke of what he knew can be found, 
to be reiterated after a lapse of more than 50 years, to remind the 



DOCTORS OF THE OLD SCHOOL 207 

children's children what he was to those who were ever glad to 
w^elcome him to their homes in hours of joy or sorrow. 

1 have heard said by those who were intimately aquainted with 
Dr. Shepherd that when asked to sit at the table when calling at 
meal time his reply would often come, "Xo nt*, 1 never eat poor 
folkses victuals." He was full to overflowing with quaint retorts, 
and beaming with stories and jokes. In Taunton in his day the 
name Fairchild predominated and at times when meeting some man 
on the road his salutation would be, "Good morning. Mister Nirum 
Fairchild, sah ! if 'taint you it must be your brother, sah ! and if it 
aint your brother sah I ask your pardon, sah !" 

When he became incapacitated by age for practice, he removed 
to Hunter, N.Y., wdiere he resided with one of his daughters until 
he died at the advanced age of 89. 

Two bills copied from originals in my possession that Dr. Shep- 
herd sent in against the town of Newtown for attendance upon 
persons who were town charges show the customary charges for 
medical services in the earliest years of the tow^n life. 

Newtown to Dr. Gideon Shepherd attending Henry Murry: 
May 11, 1818, to one visit and tincture of digitilis and vial 
May 12, one visit and blister salve. 
May 14, one visit and cream tartar. 
May 15, three visits and spirits niter. 
May, 16, juniper senica root, vial and visit 
May 19, three visits. 

May 22, one visit, elixier vitnol, one vial, 
May 23, to two visits. 
May 26, part of a visit, spirits nitre, 
May, 21 , part of a visit and medicine. 
May 28, part of a visit and pills, 
May 29, part of a visit, 

£2 8 

In dollars $6.78. 
Thirteen visits and four half visits 
1820, Newtown, to Dr. Gideon Shepherd Dr. 
Feb. 2, To one visit, 5 medicines, 10, for Daniel Prindle. 
March 20, To 1 visit, medicines for Daniel Prindle, 
April 5, To visit, 2.6, bittres for Hannah Parmalee, 
May 24, one visit to the poor house. 
May 25, one visit in part, for negro girl named Mary, 
June 12, delivering a black girl at Dick's called Sook, 
On the 20th of May, 1 visit to see Polly Ann Foot, 

Dr. Gideon Shepherd stood by when the writer's father and 
mother first saw light and looked after them in their younger days 
here. So beloved was he by everyone that his name was a house- 
hold word for long years after his death. He was one of those men 
looked up to as father. He was w^as of an extremely charitable 
disposition and indulgent in his pecuniary claims upon poorer 
patients. This with the necessary demands for the support of his 
numerous family, kept him poor, though not indigent as to respect- 
able living. 

Bennett Perry was a contemporary of Dr. Gideon Shepherd, 
practicing with him and thus a relief but no hindrance to him who 
was beginning to bend and totter under the weight of years. 






3 


4 





2 


3 





3 








6 


3 





3 


4 





7 


3 





2 


11 





5 








2 


8 





2 


11 





2 








1 


9 






10 








4 











7 





4 








18 








3 






208 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Dr. Perry was son of Dr. Nathaniel Perry of Woodbury. He 
studied medicine with his father and located in Newtown, where 
he practiced medicine until his death, in 1821, at the age of 66. 
His home was what in later years was known as Dick's hotel, 
where Newtown Inn now stands. His reputation was that of a 
physician of superior talents, well developed by education. His 
medical practice covered a period of over 40 years. 

Dr. Perry belonged to Hiram lodge, A. F. and A. M., previous to 
the year 1797; the lodge room was in his own dwelling, from 1797 
to 1818. Unfortunately, we can find no record as to his history and 
his ability as a physician. The young people of his day were the 
town's maturer people of the writer's early manhood and he well 
remembers that the name of Dr. Perry, too, was a household word 
in every family life. What were his political affiliations, the writer 
knows not, but he served on the board of Newtown's selectmen in 
1793. That he had some of the medical practice townwise, the fol- 
lowing bill, copied from the original in the writer's possession, 
goes to show : 

Town of Newtown to Dr. Bennett Perry, Dr. 
February, 1819, For Molly Brisco to 2 visits, medicine and directions. 6 
March 7, 4 visits and medicine, for a child of Sherwood Peck 15 

April, To 23 visits, medicine and directions for Air. Daniel Baldwin 4 5 6 
May, To a visit, medicine and directions in consultation to Mr. 
Downs at Ragged Corner, so-called, 15 

September, To 4 visits and part of a visit, medicine and directions 
Seth Hill's child, 2 5 

To medicine for Pihlo Parmalee's wife and directions, 16 

November, To a visit, medicine and directions, 9 

£8 17 

The Town of Newtown to Bennett Perry, Dr. 

Jan., 1820, to visit and medicine and directions for Ebenezer $1.50 

Sherwood at the Poor House, 

To advice, medicine and dirtceions for Parmalee's wife, 0.34 

To advice and medicine for Mr. Bradley and Mrs. Bradley, 0.50 

To advice for Sherwood Peck's wife, 0.50 

$2.84 
November, 1820, to visits ad medicines for Ammon Prindle, $9.00 

Polly Ann Prindle, daughter of Ammon, to 24 visits and directions, 6.00 

Morgan Banks, a visit and directions, 1.00 

$16.00 
2.84 



Newtown, November 23, 1829. Same allowed, $18.84 

My mother, born in 1804, was fifteen at the time of the incident 
I am about to relate, and used to tell me the story, which made a 
lasting impression on my memory. Dr. Perry had a daughter who 
married Elisha Mills, a lawyer who practiced in the town of Hunt- 
ington. In the Spring of 1819, he decided to remove with his family 
to Illinois which only the year before, had been admitted into the 
Union. The journey was to be made by horses with a large covered 
wagon, loaded down with luggage and household efifects generally, 
and particularly such necessities for domestic use as could not 
possibly be procured en route. There were eight persons in all, 
Mr. Mills, his young wife, two little boys, the youngest not six 



DOCTORS OF THE OLD SCHOOL 209 

years, a nephew, two helpers and a hired girl. The young wife and 
mother bravely yielded to the husband's judgment without a mur- 
mur. Kind-hearted friends and neighbors from far and near 
gathered at Dr. Perry's to see them start on their long journey 
and watched them as the heavy vehicle made its slow descent of the 
hill to the plain below, when it turned to the westward and disap- 
peared in the distance. After a journey of 55 days, they reached a 
place called Shawneetown, near where Cairo stands. The noble 
wife, whose powers of endurance had been severely overtaxed, 
attacked with malarial fever, soon breathed her last and was buried 
in a land of strangers, leaving the bereaved husband and two 
motherless children to continue their journey to the new home, 
now to be made desolate without her. In this illustration is em- 
bodied trials and privations to which the early ancestors were 
subjected, when they left their comfortable Connecticut homes to 
build for themselves homes in the new and wild West. 

Doctor Oliver Bancroft, was a physician in Newtown with Dr. 
Perry The house in which he lived stood on ground just north of 
what is still known as the Belden house. When the house now 
owned by William Homer Hubbell was built, the Bancroft lot was 
bought, the house torn away and the lot became part of the enlarg- 
ed grounds of David H. Johnson's building lot. 

Bill of Dr. Oliver Bancroft against the State of Connecticut, as 
copied from the original : 

The State of Connecticut to Oliver Bancroft, Dr., for William Maerabe, 
1819. 

February 19, to visit and medicine, $1.25 

February 19, to laudanum, .17 

1.42 

For Elizabeth Manse : 

October 22, to calling and medicine, $0.34 

October 23, To visit and medicines, .67 

October 25, To visit and medicine, 0.60 

October 26, To visit and medicine, .62 

October 28, To visit and medicine, .75 

November 3, to laudanum, 25 

Nov. 12, to one ounce laudanum, .25 



3.48 
For Bettsy Brennan : 
October 25, to directions and medicine, 0.50 

December 23, To directions and medicine, .25 



0.75 
Amount, $5.65 

Dr. Rufus Skidmore, son of Dr. James and Polly Sherman 
Skidmore was born in Newtown, 1793, was graduated from medical 
department of University of V^ermont in 1817. and soon after went 
west, settling in Kentucky. Here he formed the acquaintance of 
Henry Clay in the early period of his brilliant political career and 
a warm friendship grew up between them. When Dr. Skidmore 
decided to go to Havana, Cuba, w^ith the desire to make a study of 
yellow fever, Clay tried to dissuade him from going, but failing in 
that, presented him with a gold ring as a parting remembrance. 
This ring came into the possession of the oldest daughter, Mrs, 



210 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Jane A. Burr, who presented it to the Bridgeport Historical Society 
in whose possession it now remains. 

Dr. Skidmore contracted the disease he went to study and com- 
bat, but recovered and returned to Newtown, married Jerusha 
Ferris, grand-daughter of Joseph Ferris of Palestine district, and 
practiced his profession until his death in 1828. The widow with 
the three daughters, lived on the Ferris-Skidmore homestead in 
Palestine until after the marriage of the daughters, Jane A. to 
Barak Burr, of Easton, Marietta to Alanson Lyon of Redding and 
Martha Elizabeth to James Johnson of Bridgeport. The old house 
was burned while the property of Oliver Turney Northrop. 

Dr. John Judson was born in Newtown, Feb. 11, 1789. He studied 
medicine at Yale college, receiving a diploma and was licensed to 
practice medicine in October, 1812, at the age of 23. In 1814, he 
located in Newtown and became famous as the leading physician 
of his section. The advantage he had of being in touch with the 
mature minds of Dr. Shepherd and Dr. Bennett Perry, must have 
been of great assistance to him in his extensive practice. He died 
in July, 1839. He was one of a family of 15 children. 

Dr. Cyrenius H. Booth was born in Newtown, May, 25, 1797. 
He studied medicine under Dr. Bennett Perry, and attended a long 
course of medical lectures delivered by Dr. Hosack of New York, 
who then stood at the head of his profession. About 1820, he com- 
menced practice in his native town, which he followed until his 
death in September, 1871. His wife, Sarah Edmond, was daughter 
of Hon. Judge William Edmond. For a half a century practically, 
the doctor was a familiar figure, driving over the hills and along the 
valleys in answer to the beck and call of his town's people, his 
saddle bags filled with pills and nostrums for ills to which flesh is 
heir. The writer remembers him as a man of infinite mirth, a famous 
story teller and a great favorite with children and young people. 

Copy of an original bill of Dr. Booth, showing rate of charges by 
him : 

Newtown, November 27, 1820. 

Amon Prindle to Cyrenus H. Booth, Dr. 
To 18 visits, attendance and medicine and directions, $14. Paid. 
To 18 visits, attendance and medicine and directons, $14. Paid. Polly Ann 
Polly Ann Prindle to C. H. Booth, Dr., November 27, 1820, 
To attendance, medicine and directions and 23 visits, $10, Paid. 

Dr. Booth had one son, William Edmond Booth, born April., 1821. 
A graduate of Yale, who at a very early age began the practice of 
medicine in Danbury, where he continued until his death in Feb., 
1859, aged ?i7 years and 10 months. 

In the interim between 1830 and 1848, while Drs. George Judson, 
Cyrenius H. Booth, Erastus Erwin and Monroe Judson were the 
medical practitioners of Newtown, Dr. Thomas Dutton came in 
from the outside world. He was well received and lived in the 
house remodeled, by H. N. Tiemann. He was a stranger to the 
people, his coming into Newtown to practice being due to the fact 
that he was a younger brother of Henry Dutton, attorney at law, 
who commenced the practice of law in Newtown and later went 
from Newtown and became Governor of Connecticut. Dr. Dutton 
built up a good practice, but, with four well established practioners 




DR. MONROE JUDSON 



See I'age 211 



DOCTORS OF THE OLD SCHOOL 211 

in the home field, with the fact that a great grief came into the 
home life, he withdrew to a new field. In the extreme northeast 
corner of the old part of Newtown village cemetery, now so deeply 
shaded by evergreens that no ray of sunshine can penetrate, stands 
a headstone that marks the grave where the fond mother's hopes 
were buried long years ago. The inscription reads : 



Sacred to the Memorj'- 

of Eliza Maria, 

Daughter of Thomas and Lucinda Dutton 

Who died September 28, 1846, 

Aged 15 years and 10 months 

My faith looks up to Thee 

Thou Lamb of Calvary 

Saviour Divine. 



Dr. Russell B. Botsford was born at Newtown, May 7, 1794, and 

commenced the study of medicine with Dr. Gideon Shepherd during 
two years of his medical course. In New Haven, he was in Dr. 
Gilberts office. He received his diploma, Sept., 1816. In the Spring 
of 1817, he commenced the pratice of medicine in Danbury. In 1820 
he was married. Being of a very depressed temperament and dys- 
peptic habit, from too intense application to study, and a very 
laborious practice, in 1832, he was afBicted with a rush of blood to 
the head, which resulted in attacks of an epileptic character, which 
continued with more or less frequency and severity until Dec. 20, 
1855, they terminated his life at the age of sixty-two. 

Dr. George Judson was son of Dr. John Judson and was born in 
Newtown in 1814. He commenced the study of medicine with his 
father, attended a course of lectures at Bellevue Medical College 
in New York, graduating in 1837, and was a successful physician in 
his native town until his death in 1853. Dr. Monroe Judson, broth- 
er of Doctor George Judson was born in Newtown in January, 1820, 
and he, too, commenced his studies w^ith his father, after whose 
death, continuing his studies with his brother, he entered Yale 
Medical College in 1841, graduated in 1843, and followed the prac- 
tice of medicine until 1888. His death occurred ten years later, in 
1898. 

Erastus Erwin, M. D., was born in Roxbury, Conn., in 1805. He 
was graduated from Yale college in the class with Dr. Jewett 
and Knight of New Haven. For a short time, he practiced in New 
Jersey, but finally settled in Sandy Hook, Newtown. He moved 
from Sandy Hook to Newtown Street in 1841, where for 35 years 
he had a large practice in Newtown and towns adjoining. He was a 
contemporary with Dr. Cyrenius H. Booth, outliving him two years 
dying in Oct., 1873. A man of strong and positive convictions, he 
made bitter enemies, but he also made hosts of warm and true 
friends. 



212 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Dr. Moses Botsford Beers, son of Ebenezer and Phebe Botsford 
Beers, was born Jan. 7, 1819 in Newtown. He left Newtown in 
early life studied for his profession in some western town, probably 
in Michigan, as he lived in Portland, Mich, later removing to 
Hersey, Mich, where he died July 9, 1877. He married Loraine 
Curtis and had one daughter who married J. Selwyn Newland. 
She died in 1870, leaving a son Albert Newland. 

Dr. Henry Hawley Foote son of Rhesa and Polly Hawley Foote, 
was born in Newtown, Jan. 6, 1823 ; was educated in the public 
schools and Newtown Academy. Studied medicine at Durham, 
Greene Co. N. Y., graduated from Yale Medical College. Practiced 
medicine at Bradford, N. Y. and at Roxbury, Conn; died Dec. 24, 
1859, at the house of his sister, Mrs. Beach Camp, Newtown, Conn. 

William Camp son of Beach and Catharine Foote Camp was born 
at Newtown, May 23, 1832; received his education at public school, 
Newtown Academy, school of Rev. Geo. L. Foote at Roxbury, Conn, 
and of F. W. Foote, Elizabeth N. J. Was assistant to J. Homer 
French at Newtown x^cademy, 1853. While teaching, studied med- 
icine with Dr. Erastus Erwin, completing his medical studies at 
Yale. Was assistant resident physician at Hartford Insane Retreat, 
in 1855, practiced at Kent, Conn., from 1857 to 1863 when he went 
to Minnesota in search of health, coming the same year to his 
childhood home where he died, March 20, 1864. He married 
Ophelia, daughter of Legrand and Delia Beers Randall. Their only 
son William H. was many years druggist at Canaan, Conn. 

Dr. James W. Gordon, son of John and Margaret Colgan Gordon, 
was born in St. Louis, Mo. Dec. 22, 1862. His mother brought him 
to Newtown when very young. He attended the public school until 
16 years of age. He entered St. Charles College, Ellicot City, Md. 
1877. After a three years course he enterd St. John's College, 
Fordham, N. Y. He studied medicine in the office of Dr. Robert 
Hubbard, Bridgeport, Conn., and in medical department of Univer- 
sity of New York, where he attended lectures three winters, spend- 
ing his vacations in study with Dr. Hubbard. Graduated in 1888. 
Became first assistant on staff of physicians attached to Asylums of 
N. Y. City. Later opened an office in Bridgeport. July 15, 1895, he 
came to Sandy Hook, where he built up a large practice. He was 
member of the Board of Education, member of Bridgeport Medical 
Society, Fairfield County Medical Society and State Medical Soci- 
ety. In 1890 he married Miss. Louise Telgman of Kingston, 
Ontario. One daughter, Margaret Doretta Leonardi blessed the 
union. He died Jan. 26, 1904. 

Ralph N. Betts Jr. son of Ralph N. and Anna Plowman Betts was 
born in Woodbury Sept. 25, 1841 ; received his education in the 
public schools and the Academy, studied for the practice of dentis- 
try with his uncle at Mount Kisco, N. Y. At the completion of his 
studies he located in Sandy Hook, where he practiced his profession 
for thirty years. 

His death Oct. 19th, 1906, brought keen sorrow to the members 
of St. John's Church Sandy Hook of which he had been for many 
years an honored member. 




DR. CHARLES H. PECK 



See Page 213 
See Genealogical Section Page 118 



DOCTORS OF THE OLD SCHOOL 213 

Dr. Andrew Egan son of Andrew and Mary Clark Egan, born in 
Newtown, June 7 , 1856, was educated in public schools, Newtown 
Academy and by private tutors. Taught in Sandy Hook school 
three years, and one term in Middle district. Attended one term 
at Yale, then entered University of New York, and graduated from 
Medical department, 1879. Just before graduation, by competitive 
examination was appointed Assistant physician in Hospital for 
Insane on Ward's Island N. Y. remaining four years ; the last year 
occupying position of Assistant Medical Superintendant. Early in 
1883, was promoted to be Medical Superintendent of the Hart's 
Island Hospital and Work House Hospital on Hart's Island, N. Y. 
Occupied that position ten years, when he resigned to accept posi- 
tion in Health Department of N. Y. City and to engage in private 
practice. For the last twenty years practiced as a specialist. 

Dr. Charles H. Peck son of Captain Albert and Louisa Booth 
Peck was born in Newtown, Conn. June 18, 1870. He received his 
preliminary education at the Newtown Academy, and entered the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, The Medical Dept. of Colum- 
bia University, in 1889, graduating in 1892, at the head of his class, 
being awarded the first Harsen Prize of $500. He was appointed 
on the House Staff of the New York Hospital in July 1892, serving 
through both the medical and surgical services, two complete 
periods of 18 months each, a term of three years in all. On leaving 
the Hospital, he commenced private practice, July 1895 and has 
continued in New York City to the present time. He was appoint- 
ed Assistant Surgeon to the Hudson Hospital, Out Patient Dep't., 
in July 1895 and served in this capacity for three years. Pie was 
appointed Surgeon to the French Hospital in Jan. 1897, serving 
until Dec. 1909, a period of 12 years ; during the latter 8 years of 
this time he was President of the Medical Board. 

Since his resignation, he has been consulting surgeon to the 
French Hospital, and in addition has held the position of consulting 
Surgeon to many other hospitals, viz; The General Memorial 
Hospital, N. Y. City; Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled, N. Y. 
City; Stamford Hospital, Stamford, Conn.; United Hospital of 
Portchester and Rye, N. Y. ; White Plains Hospital, White Plains, 
N. Y. ; The Hackensack Hospital, Hackensack, N. J.; The Green- 
wich Hospital, Greenwich, Conn. ; Vassar Brothers Hospital, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and the Nyack Hospital, Nyack, N. Y., all of 
which positions he holds at the present time. 

In Jan., 1904 he was appointed Assistant Surgeon to the Roose- 
velt Hospital, advanced to the position of Junior Surgeon two years 
later, and Senior Surgeon in 1909, continuing as Senior Surgeon to 
the present time ; this latter position is one of the most important 
in New York City. 

He has held teaching positions in the Medical Dep't. of Columbia 
University, first as an assistant instructor of Operative Surgery 
from 1900 to 1904; as Instructor in Surgery from 1904 to 1909; as 
Professor of Clinical Surgery from 1909 to the present time. He 
was decorated by the French Government in 1909, with the Order 
of Officer of Public Instruction. 



214 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

He has made many important contributions to Medical Litera- 
ture, and is a member of many Medical Societies. The N. Y. 
Academy of Medicine, of which he has been Secretary and Chair- 
man of the Surgical Section ; of the N. Y. Surgical Society, having 
held the positions of Secretary and Vice President, and of which he 
is at present the President being elected in 1917. He has been 2nd 
Vice President and at present First Vice President to the N. Y. 
County Medical Society. A member of the American Medical 
Association since 1903, and Chairman of its Surgical Section 
in 1915, at the San Francisco meeting at the time of the 
Exposition. He was elected a member of the Society of Clinical 
Surgery in 1909; a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons in 
1913; a member of the American Surgical Association, and is now 
Treasurer ; Elected member of Southern Surgical Association in 
of 1917. A member of the Medical Advisory Board of Council of 
National Defense, being appointed by Secretary of War on April 3, 
1917. Chairman of Auxiliary Committee of National Defense of N. 
Y. City, appointed by the Council of National Defense in Feb. 1917. 

*He was appointed Director of Base Hospital No. 15 (The Mackay 
Unit) of the Roosevelt Hospital on March 16, 1917, by the Surgeon 
General of the U. S. Army and received his commission as Major 
on May 9, 1917. The Hospital Unit was ordered for active duty to 
be sent to France early in June, 1917. Accompanied by his oldest 
son, Charles Howard Jr. a medical student, and his youngest 
brother Albert W. Jr. 

Dr. Earle Peck, son of Elliot M. and Annie Curtis Peck was born 
at Newtown Aug. 22, 1891. He attended public school at home, 
graduated from Newtown High School in class of 1910, graduated 
from Jefferson Medical College in 1914; was six months in Munici- 
pal Hospital and fifteen months at Germantown Hospital. Was 
appointed first assistant Resident Physician at Municipal Hospital 
July, 1916. During the Infantile Paralysis epidemic he devoted 
himself with indefatigable zeal to those committed to his care, 
contracted the disease and died Sept. 5, 1916. 

NEWTOWN'S GRAND LEVY FOR 1739. 
Listers, John Beers, Alexander Bryan, John Peck. 

Taxpayers in the town as far back as 1739, 28 years only since 
the incorporation of the town in 1711. On the desk before me lies 
a homemade book, 12 inches long and five inches wide, made from 
eight sheets of foolscap paper, imported from England. It is the 
grand levy of Newtown for 1739, dating farther back than any levy 
yet found. One hundred and seventy years have passed. It shows 
the impress of time, but the ink is not faded, the penmanship is 
clear, though the orthography dififers somewhat from that of to- 
day. At that early day, in the valuation the house went in, with 
three acres of land, at £3 invariably, no discrimination being made 
in houses. Horses, cattle and swine were included, but no sheep. 
Land was designated as meadow, boggy meadow, pasture land, 
brush pasture, plow land, good pasture, improved land. Man or 
women owning real estate was assessed for one poll, £18,. A valua- 
tion was also placed upon a man's trade. 

•Since the foregoing was written Dr. Peck has returned from France commissioned as 
Lieut. Col. with headquarters at Washington, D. C. The body of the son who gave his 
life for his country, now rests on the soil of France. 



GRAND LEVY FOR 1739 



215 



30 acres of brush pasture 3 

4 acres of boggy meadow 10 

Trade 12 4 



We copy five individual assessments as they stand recorded, and 
for the balance we give the names of the property holders and the 
total of his assessments : 

Lemuel Camp, his list : 

i s d 

2 heads — 2 horse kind 42 
12 j'ear old. 5 cows 17 

3 three year old 4 oxen 25 
1 two year old-3 one year 

old 5 

3 swine — 3 acres hum lot 8 

3 acres plow land 1 10 

8 acres of meadow 5 04 

44 acres of pasture land 5 12 

30 acres of brush pasture 3 

His mill and trade 23 



138 6 





Thomas Northrop, his list: 




£ s 


d 


Head 18 





Trade 18 






36 

Widdo Mary Bennitt, her list 

£ s 

1 Head 18 
3 acres hum lot 3 

2 horses, 3 oxen, 6 cows 36 
2 one year old, 7swine 9 



6 acres and half of meadow2 12 



1 horse more 
10 acres and a half of 

pasture 
16 acres of plow land 

Jeremiah Northrop 
John Botsford, Sen., 
Eleazer Hubbell 
Andrew Wheeler 
George Terrill 
Mathew Sherman 
Benjamin Hawley 
Benjamin Dunning 
John Glover 
Job Sherman 
Thomas Skidmore 
Abraham Bennett 
Amos Botsford 
Stephen Burrill 
Benjamin Glover 
Robert Seeley 
Robert Seeley, Jr. 
Capt. Nathan Baldwin 
Henry Botsford, Jr. 
Jeremiah Johnson 
Samuel Moger 
James Baldwin 
Josiah Burritt 
Henry Botsford 
Moses Botsford 
Caleb Baldwin 
Edward Fairchild 



3 

4 4 
8 



d 










i 

109 

101 
79 
55 
95 
60 
86 
64 

143 

130 

104 
94 
54 

116 
86 
27 
29 

132 
45 
39 
25 

119 
12> 

107 
52 
87 

109 





100 








Samuel Sherman, his 1 


ist : 








£ 


s 


d 


One head 


18 








Three acres hum lot 


3 








10 acres good pature 


4 








6 acres brushy pasture 





12 





2 acres meddo 





16 





2 oxen, 2 cows, 1 horse 


17 








1 sow 


1 








Trade for selling brooms 


30 










74 


8 





Widdo Sarah Beers, her list : 






£ 


s 


d 


3 acres house lot 


3 








13 acres good pasture 


5 


14 





10 acres improved land 


5 








4 acres boggy medow 


1 








7 acres good meddo 


2 25 





8 acres brush pasture 





16 





4 oxen, 5 cows 


31 








4 two year olds 


8 








3 one year olds 


3 








4 horses, 6 swine 


18 








For her trade 


10 









Moses Lyon 
Samuel Sherman 
Benjamin Burritt 
John Foote, Jr., 
David Fairchild 
Mary Bennitt 
John Blackman 
Peter Hubbell 
Joseph Stilson 
John Fabrique 
David Dunning 
Peter Hubbell, Jr., 
Ezra Hubell 
Stephen Burral 
Benjamin Northrop 
Lemuel Camp 
John Botsford, Jr., 
Daniel Foot 
Josiah Daton 
Samuel Turner 
Alexander Bryan 
Donald Grant 
Jeremiah Seeley 
Thommus Northrop 
Samuel Bailey 
Samuel Stillson 
Benjamin Stillson 



142 16 

£ 
77 
91 
57 
30 
21 
100 
126 
159 
48 
49 
35 
43 
21 
32 
59 
138 
64 
93 
58 
Z7 
64 
52 
31 
30 
24 
32 
46 



216 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



£ 

John Piatt, Jr., 43 

Benjamin Curtis 82 

Joseph Hard 25 

Joseph Prindle 48 

Moses Stillson 94 

James Stillson 35 

John Foot 70 

Wilmont Turner ZZ 

John Shepard 89 

John Bristol 44 

Stephen Parmaly 42 

Samuel Griffin 74 

William Sharp ZZ 

Moses Stillson 91 

Jonathan Stillson 43 

Noah Parmaly 89 

Joseph Botsford 132 

Peter Ferris 44 

John Lake 96 

Francis Harrison 30 

David Henrixson 22 

Samuel Henrixson, 30 

Benoni Henrixson, 27 

Buckland Williams 38 

Jehoshaphat Prindle 51 

Ephriam Peck 145 

Samuel Sherman 74 

John Gillette 72 

John Beers 49 

Sarah Beers, widow, 142 

Joseph Bristol 86 

Timothy Shepherd 19 

Jedediah Parmelee 25 

John Ferris 21 

Nathaniel Parmelee 27 

Samuel Parmelee 30 
Lieut Johnson 

Lieut. John Northrop 111 

Moses Johnson 32) 

Samuel Sanford 51 

Abiel Beers 64 

Samuel Brown 10 

Abraham Kimberley 66 

164 



John Hull 
Nathaniel Brisco 
Joseph Bristoll, Jr., 
Abner Booth 
Widow Mary Booth 
Ebenezer Johnson 
Jeremiah Turner 
Samuel Ferris 
Stephen Hawley 
Jonathan Booth 
John Adams 
Elizabeth Dunning 
Mr. Jonathan Booth 
Daniel Booth 
Ebenezer Sanford 
John Piatt 
Job Northrop 
Henry Glover 
James Brisco 
Abel Booth 
Nathaniel Nickols 
Jonathan Hubbell 
Ebenezer Piatt 
James Fordes 
Job Sanford 
Thomas Leavenworth 
Thomas Bennitt 
William Lyon 
Thomas Sharp 
John Leavenworth 
Rubin Adams 
James Hard 
Obadiah Wheeler 
Deacon Joseph Peck 
Joseph Peck 
Capt. Thomas Tousey 
Ephraim Prindle 

irf^ant Eherman 
Daniel Sherman 
iiuel Johnson 
John Reed 
Nathaniel Lyons 
James Brisco 
Peter Hubbell 



i 
65 

57 
31 
44 
41 
77 
40 

108 

128 
43 
42 
Z7 
85 

150 
46 

132 
46 
64 
18 
84 

127 
61 
69 
73 
60 
57 
64 
30 
44 
58 
29 

107 

163 

168 
78 

142 
32 
47 
25 
21 
5 
4 
60 

159 



Freegrace Adams 

The last person on the list is Peter Hubbell, Newtown's first 
town clerk, and on the second page of the first volume of Newtown 
records we find that he appropriated space for his family record, 
which, for precise diction and complete detail, we copy. 

With the increase of worldly possessions, he and his good wife 
were duly mindful of the Bible injunction to increase and multiply 
upon the earth. In addittion to Peter Hubbell's official duties, he 
was a tiller of the soil and, with the good wife and mother, became 
possessed of a small farm, so that in 1739, we find that their worldly 
goods liable to taxation had a valuation of ^159 and distributed as 
follows : 

d 




£ 
3 heads, 4 oxen, 4 cows, 82 
3 one year olds, 5 horses 

kind 18 

23 swine 23 

3 acres of home lot 3 



61 acres of plow land 
4 acres of pasture land 
3 acres of meadow 

Sum total 



i s 


d 


30 10 





1 12 





1 04 






159 06 



GRAND LEVY FOR 1739 217 

Peter Hubbell was marryed to Katherine Wheeler his wife, by the Rev. 
Mr. Charles Chauncey, minister in Stratfield, both of Stratfield, on January 
ye 19th, 1709. 

Ephraim Hubbell, his eldest son, was born in Newtown on December ye 
ye 21, 1711. 

Peter Hubbell, son of Peter Hubbell by Katherine his wife, born April 
ye 5th, 1715. 

Ezra Hubbell, son of Peter Hubbell, by Katherine his wife, was born 
February ye 28th, Anno Domini 1717. 

Sarah Hubbell, daughter of Peter Hubbell by Katherine his wife, was 
born in Newtown, February 27, 1719, being ye fifth year of ye reign of our 
most Greatious Sovereign Lord King George which began August ye first, 
1714. 

Jedediah Hubbell, son of Peter Hubbell by Katherine his wife, was born in 
Newtown, August ye 22, 1720. 

Matthew Hubbell, son of Peter Hubbell by Katherine his wife, was born 
in Newtown, September ye 5th, A. D. 1723. 

Gideon Hubbell, son of Peter Hubbell by Catherine his wife, was born in 
Newtown, April ye 28, 1726. 

Newtown, November ye 10th, 1729, about 2 of ye clock afternoon, Comfort 
Hubbell, son of Peter Hubbell was born of Katherine his wife. 

Enock Hubbell, son to Peter Hubbell, born of Katherine his wife, in 
Newtown, August ye 10th, 1735, about five of ye clock in the afternoon. 

The number of property holders in the town in 1739, was 152 
and the amount of taxable property laid down by the listers or 
assessors was £9,289 sterling. At the annual town meeting in 
December, 1739, it was voted that the town rate for defraying the 
town charges the year past should be two pence half penny on the 
pound, to be levied on the list of polls and rateable estate of the 
inhabitants, and that one penny on the pound should be levied for 
the schools and be laid out in the winter season and be gathered 
with the town rate and be taken out of the town treasury for the 
schools, known as the North and South schools, and that John Lake 
and Nathaniel Nickols shall be school committee for the south 
school and Ensign John Glover and Abel Booth Committee for the 
north school. Back in 1739, our schools were under town manage- 
ment. 

GRAND LEVY OF 1767 

In any staid old agricultural town, the number of taxpayers 
would correspond nearly to the number of families, upon whom 
devolved the duty of meeting the current town expenses, and also 
their share of the expenses of the Common wealth. The grand levy 
of 1739, showed the names of 147 tax-payers for that year. The 
grand levy for 1767, shows the number of tax-payers to have in- 
creased to 341. It is interesting to note the great increase in those 
of the same family name, and to see how great an increase had 
been made in 28 years. There were 457 tax-payers in 1786. 

There is one word "Faculty" between some names that, to some, 
needs explanation. The word is used as representing some trade 
or profession, which was included with other property at an esti- 
mated valuation and upon which a tax was laid. Some assessments 
ran as high as £30, and from that down to £3. If the writer has 
been correctly informed, the three of the surname of "Nichols," 
Nathaniel, assessed £30 for "faculty," Peter assessed £10, Richard 
£16, 10s, each follow wool carding in the southerly part of town. 



218 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

A list of the Polls and Rateable Estate of the inhabitants of New- 
town for the year 1767, as possessed for the 20th of August : 

Adams, John 109 18 Bristol, Ebenezer 51 17 6 

Adams, Ephraim 28 14 6 Faculty 10 8 

Adams, Samuel 48 2 Bryan, Ezra 36 

Baldwin, Caleb, Esq, 138 7 6 Faculty 12 

Faculty 10 Beardslee, Josiah 187 5 

Baldwin, Caleb, Capt. 10 Beardslee, Isreal 80 15 

Baldwin, Caleb, Sec 94 16 Faculty 8 

Baldwin, Nathan, Capt. 33 14 3 Beardslee, lames 21 

Baldwin, Nathan, Jr, 64 15 Brisco, Nathaniel, Lieut. 154 5 

Baldwin, Daniel 126 14 6 Brisco, James 25 

Baldwin, Tames 107 08 Beach, John 78 2 6 

Baldwin, Gideon 90 10 Burwell, Stephen 47 17 

Baldwin, Jabez 91 15 6 Burwell, William 24 2 

Booth, Daniel 424 1 Faculty 18 

Faculty 15 Burwell, Rebecca, Widow 7 

Booth, Abel 176 9 Burritt, Benjamin 69 3 

Booth, Jonathan 189 Burritt, Eleazer 60 2 6 

Faculty 25 Burritt, Nathan 68 6 6 

Booth, Abraham 91 Bulkly Jabez 26 

Booth, Hezekiah 76 14 6 Barnum, Francis 3 

Booth. Reuben 54 14 Barnum, Nathaniel 18 

Booth, Ebenezer 78 12 6 Brinsmade, Zechariah 26 

Faculty 18 Burr, James 3 8 

Bassit, Thomas 30 Camp, Joel 71 

Bassit, John 30 2 9 Camp, Lemuel 145 

Bassit, Joel 49 18 6 Camp, Samuel 62 14 

Bennitt, Abraham 126 13 Camp, Silas 82 5 6 

Bennitt Ephraim 75 15 Cadey, Nathaniel 24 

Beers, Daniel 100 5 6 Coggswell, Asa 52 18 1 

Beers, lohn 146 15 Clark, Zerchariah, Jr 59 18 

Beers, Samuel 134 5 6 Clark, James 1 8 



109 


18 





28 


14 


6 


48 


2 





138 


7 


6 


10 








10 








94 


16 





33 


14 


3 


64 


15 





126 


14 


6 


107 


08 





90 


10 





91 


15 


6 


424 


1 





15 








176 


9 





189 








25 








91 








76 


14 


6 


54 


14 





78 


12 


6 


18 








30 








30 


2 


9 


49 


18 


6 


126 


13 





75 


15 





100 


5 


6 


146 


15 





134 


5 


6 


29 


1 


4 


67 


17 


6 


9 








20 








50 








72 


12 





58 


10 





10 








67 


10 





141 


5 





37 


18 





87 


1 





10 








95 


10 





24 


5 


6 


60 


5 





24 


16 





23 


10 





34 








18 








36 


15 





6 








142 


10 





67 








82 


11 


6 


84 


15 





30 


11 


6 


58 


13 





3 








39 


10 


2 


11 


12 






Birtch, Jeremiah 29 1 4 Curtiss, Benjamin 106 13 6 

Birtch, Wiliam 67 17 6 Curtiss, Matthew 94 8 6 

Faculty 9 Curtis, Benjamin, Jr. 90 2 6 

Botsford, Amos, Jr., 20 Curtiss, Nehemiah 84 4 

Faculty 50 Curtiss, Abijah 74 7 

Botsford, Abel 72 12 Curtis, Nirom 27 4 

Botsford, Abel Jr., 58 10 Chambers, Thomas 41 

Faculty 10 Chambers, Asa 21 

Botsford, Abraham 67 10 Crowfoot, Daniel 77 5 

Botsford, Gideon 141 5 Dunning, Benjamin Capt. 79 6 

Botsford. Jabez 37 18 Dunning, Peter 1 

Botsford. John 87 1 Dunning. Dayid 86 6 

Faculty 10 Dunning, Dayid, Jr. 45 6 

Botsford, Moses 95 10 Dunning, Eli 68 16 

Botsford, Joseph 24 5 6 Faculty 10 

Botsford, Elijah 60 5 Dunning, Ezra 40 14 

Botsford, Henry 24 16 Dunning, Abijah 26 4 

Botsford, Isaac 23 10 Dunning. Andrew 21 

Botsford, Ezra 34 Dnnnirg. Tared 50 6 6 

Botsford. Jared 18 Dibble. Tohn 1 5 

Birtch. George 36 15 Dibble. Eleazer 1 

Faculty 6 Fairman. Richard, Esq., 126 10 

Blackman, John, Capt. 142 10 Faculty 25 

Blackman, James 67 Fairchild. Agur 76 3 6 

Blackman, Joseph 82 11 6 Fairchild. Jonathan 120 15 

Blackman, Ebenezer 84 15 Fairchild, Ebenezer 43 18 V/z 

Blackman, Nathaniel 30 11 6 Fairchild, James 129 17 6 

Bristol, Joseph, 2nd 58 13 Faculty 8 

Bristol. Joseph 3 Fairchild, Seth 57 16 

Bristol. Job 39 10 2 Fairchild, Dayid 34 3 6 

Bristoll, Enos 11 12 Fairchild, John 24 



GRAND LEVY FOR 1767 



219 



Fairchild, Oliver 57 13 6 

Ford, Ebenezer 131 6 6 

Ford, Thomas 60 5 

Fabrique, John 19 5 

Fabrique, John, Jr., 29 

Ferris, Abraham 95 2 6 

Ferris, Peter 76 5 

Ferris, Samuel, Jr. 56 5 6 

Foot, Daniel! 21 10 

Foot, Daniel (Taunton) 28 6 

Foot, George 28 12 

Foot, Peter 24 5 

French, Gamaliel 53 14 

French, Samuel 28 10 

Glover, John, Capt. 127 5 

Glover, Henry, Capt. 154 11 

Glover, Henry, Jr. 65 14 6 

Glover, John, Jr. 127 14 6 

Glover, James 100 10 6 

Glover, Daniel 54 4 6 

Glover, Arnold 44 8 6 

Grant, Arminel 45 9 9 

Faculty 30 

Griffin, Samuel, Lieut. Zl 14 

Griffin, John Lieut. 45 10 

Griffin, Joseph 61 6 6 

Griffin, Samuel, Jr. 58 16 6 

Griffin, Abner 36 6 

Gray, James 24 10 

Gillett, Samuel 108 12 

Gunn, Joseph 52 

Gunn, Joseph, Jr. 107 13 

Hall, William 43 



Faculty 
Hall, Asa 
Harris, Jabez 
Hard, Abner 
Hard, Amos 
Hard, Ammon 
Hard, Joseph 



4 

39 

34 13 6 

139 15 

141 14 2 

18 

21 



Hard, Hannah, Widow 7 15 6 

Hard, Nirom 54 15 6 

Hard, Zadok 75 6 6 

Hawley, Abel 60 16 6 

Faculty 6 

Hawley, William 89 5 6 

Hawley, Benjamin 77 8 

Hawley, Benjamin, Esq. 71 

Hatch, Toshua 40 3 

Hatch, Peter 46 4 

Hendricks, Roger 22 

Hendricks, Zadock 18 

Hull, John 45 15 

Hull, Eliphalet 57 5 

Hull, Elijah 64 9 6 

Hubbell, Peter 54 

Hubbell, Enoch 38 2 6 

Hubbell, Jeptha 36 10 

Hvde, Joseph 34 

Hurd, Abel IZ 12 

Hurd, Theophilus 39 5 

Faculty 15 

Faculty 3 

Jackson, David 69 



Jackson, David, Jr 
Jackson, Daniel 
Jackson, Ephraim 
Jackson, Gershom 
Johnson, Ichabod 
Johnson, John 
Johnson, Ebenezer 



18 

43 1 

24 

23 

69 1 6 

52 10 

18 



Judson, Abel, Lieut. 144 10 

Judson, John 40 5 6 

Kimberley, Abraham 61 12 

Kimberley, Abraham, Jr., 51 14 

Kimberley, Fitch 21 

Lake, John 27 8 6 

Lake, John, Jr., 35 10 

Lake, Nathan 58 14 

Lake, Ephraim 52 9 

Lake, Thomas 69 6 

Lattin, Benjamin 18 

Lattin, Job 27 

Lattin. Jacob 18 

Lane, James 52 

Merchant, Amos 53 15 

Faculty 15 

Mallory, Nathaniel 20 8 

More, John 27 

Morehouse, Abel 15 

Morehouse, Stephen 2 10 

Morehouse, Daniel 8 14 

Nichols, Nathaniel 210 5 

Faculty 30 

Nichols, Peter 112 1 6 

Faculty 10 

Nichols, Richmond 87 19 

Faculty 16 8 

Northrop, Amos 95 18 

Northrop, Joshua 79 3 

Northrop, Jeremiah, Jr 18 

Northrop, Ezra 42 10 

Northrop, John 140 

Nichols, Caleb 52 

Northrop, William 18 4 

Northrop, William, Jr 57 19 

Northrop, Wait 81 3 

Northrop, Nehemiah 39 16 

Faculty 9 

Northrop, Abel 14 7 6 

Northrop, Isiah 4 17 

Northrop, Benjamin 82 16 

Northrop, Benjamin, Jr., 44 19 6 

Northrop, Enos 69 7 

Northrop, Jonathan, C'p. 118 19 

Northiop, Gideon 35 11 

Nettleton, Theophilus 72 10 

Ogden, Ebenezer 45 11 3 

Faculty 20 

Parmelee, Jedediah 47 10 

Parmalee, Noah 56 4 6 

Parmalee, Noah, Jr., 33 6 

Peck, Henry 73 

Peck, Henry, Jr., 84 15 6 

Peck, Heth 111 6 

Peck, Heth, Jr., 60 12 6 

Peck, Benajah 18 

Peck, Ameiel 56 17 



220 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



Faculty 
Peck, Daniel 
Peck, John, 
Peck, Jabez 
Peck, Nathaniel 
Peck, Nathaniel, Jr., 
Peck, Ebenezer 
Peck, Ezra 
Peck, Joseph 
Peck, Ephraim 
Peck, Samuel 
Peck, Aaron 
Peck, Gideon 
Peck, Moss 
Peck, Enoch 
Peck, Elihu 
Peck, John, Jr., 
Prindle, Joseph 
Prindle, Joseph, Jr., 

Faculty 
Prindle, Jonathan 

Faculty 
Prindle, Abel, Lieut. 
Prindle, Jehoshaphat 
Prindle, William 
Prindle, Abijah 
Prindle, James 
Prindle, Eliadah 
Prindle, Joel 
Prindle, Ephraim 
Piatt, Moses 
Piatt, Josiah 
Pearce, Francis 
Rugg, Oliver 
Roberts, Joel 
Roberts, Thomas 
Sanford, Jonathan 
Sanford, Jonas 
Sanford, John 

Faculty 
Sanford, Hezekiah 
Sanford, James 
Sanford, Thomas 
Sanford, Thomas 
Sanford, Hannah, Wi 
Sanford, Samuel 

Faculty 
Sanford, Nathaniel 
Sanford, Ebenezer 

Faculty 
Sherman, Zadock 
Sherman, Nathan 
Sherman, David, 
Sherman, Lemuel 
Sherman, Jotham 

Faculty 
Sherman John 
Sherman, Ephraim 
Sharp, Thomas 
Stilson, Andrew 
Stilson, Vincent 



5 





68 


7 6 


148 


9 


51 


16 


51 


18 6 


Zl 


11 


83 


8 


41 


1 


75 


8 6 


104 


8 


24 





29 


4 


11 


5 


113 


7 


31 


12 


19 


15 


28 


8 


5 





91 


12 


15 





69 


7 6 


5 





28 


7 6 


26 


12 


34 


15 


18 





36 





23 





29 


4 6 


34 


13 6 


152 


12 6 


53 


12 6 


18 





18 





20 





25 


16 


169 


10 


57 


5 


41 


9 


10 





50 


6 


32 


7 6 


62 


14 


62 


14 


ddo 17 





59 


15 


8 





19 


13 


63 


18 6 


5 





74 


6 6 


41 


1 9 


81 


19 


87 


15 


81 


7 6 


10 





79 


4 


62 


14 


18 





90 


11 6 


58 


6 



Stilson, Benjamin, Jr., 
Stilson, Israel 
Stilson, Elijah 
Stilson, Jonathan 
Stilson, Jacob 
Stilson, Daniel 
Stilson, Bailey 
Stilson, Thomas 
Skidmore, Thomas 
Skidmore, John 
Skidmore, Nehemiah 
Smith, Amos 
Smith, George 
Smith, Joseph, Dea 
Smith, Joseph, Lieut. 
Smith, Richard 

Faculty 
Starling, John 
Summers, Gershom 
Summers, Samuel 
Summers, Robert 
Summers, Benjamin 
Summers, Ebenezer 
Shepherd, John Jr. 
Shepherd, John 

Faculty 
Shepherd, Abraham 
Shepherd, Timothy 
Shepherd, Simeon 
Seeley, Nehemiah 
Seeley, Robert 
Seeley, Ottmiel 
Sherwood, John 
Sherv^'ood, John Parrick 
Taylor, Abner 
Taylor, Ebenezer 
Thomas, Lemuel, Dr. 

Faculty 
Turrell, George 

Faculty 
Turrell, Roger 
Turrell, Amos, Lieut. 
Turrell, Jared 
Turner, Jeremiah 
Tousey, John 
Turner, Jeremiah, Jr 
Tousey, Oliver 
Tousey, Zalmon 
Thompson, Robert 
Treadwell, Timothy 
Turner, Miller 
Wheeler, Joseph, Capt. 
Wheeler, Obadiah, Jr. 
Wheeler, Andrew 
Wheeler, Josiah 
Wheeler, Lemuel 
Wheeler, Thomas 
Winton, Daniel 
Wright, William 
Washburn, Nathan, Dr. 
Wheeler, Obadiah, Capt 



48 


5 


9 


37 








47 


13 


6 


n 








18 








30 


4 





49 


12 





67 


13 


6 


63 


18 


6 


100 


17 





80 


7 





83 


6 





52 


13 


6 


75 


4 





102 


15 





10 








156 


5 





57 


10 





74 


10 





49 


11 


6 


2>2 


12 





28 


8 


6 


48 


11 





63 


3 





3 








27 


13 


6 


161 


3 





61 


11 


6 


46 








27 


3 





40 


4 





56 


6 





58 


6 


6 


11 


19 


3 


63 


18 


6 


40 


6 





10 








50 


9 


6 


3 








66 


2 





80 


4 


6 


31 


14 





145 


5 





148 


10 





59 


12 


6 


110 


10 





84 


9 





18 








23 








46 


18 


6 


82 


2 





74 


13 


6 


57 


12 


6 


70 


2 


6 


54 


16 


6 


90 


6 





68 


4 





45 


12 





24 








29 


2 


6 



GRAND LEVY FOR 1767 221 

To the Honorable General Assembly the foregoing is a true list of the 
polls and rateable estates of the inhabitants of Newtown as possessed the 
20th day of August, A. D. 1767. 

Certified by us, 

Abel Booth, 
Amos Northrop, 
Bailey Stillson, 
John Fabrique, 
Henry Glover, Jr. 
Zadock Sherman, 
Jonathan Prindle 
Listers. 
The above persons were sworn to a faithful discharge of their office as 
listers before me, 

Caleb Baldwin, Town Clerk. 

RATABLE ESTATES FOR 1809. 

The statute laws of the State of Connecticut make it obHgatory 
upon its citizens to prepare a list of taxable property, that shall be 
handed into the Board of Assessors on or before the first of Novem- 
ber of each year, the law leaving it to the Assessors to fix the 
valuation subject to the approval of the Board of Relief. 

An act was passed by the Connecticut Legislature at its annual 
session in 1808, by which printed forms were sent out showing 
what kinds of property were liable to taxation and also placing a 
sum at which the property should be valued, and on which the tax 
should be levied. It was my good fortune to have come into my 
possession from my grandfather, 60 years ago or more, a printed 
copy of a list of ratable estates, showing what property must be 
listed for that year and what valuation must be placed upon it. 

Copy of the perfected list for 1809, compiled in compliance with the act 
passed by the Assembly at its session in 1808: 

Poll, from 21-70 years of age $60.00 Acres of uninclosed land, 2d. 
Poll, from 18-21 years of age 30.00 rate 0.17 

Oxen and bulls, 4 years old Acres of uninclosed land, 3d 

and upward 10.00 rate 0.09 

Cows, steers and heifers, with Coach 168 00 

bulls of 3 years old 7.00 Chariot 13400 

Heifers, steers or bulls, of 2 Phaeton 100 00 

years old 3.34 Coachee 75 00 

Stallion or seed horse, more Carricole 68 00 

than 3 years old 67.00 Chaise, riding chair or sulky 00.00 

Horse kmd 3 years old, and Other four-wheel carriage. 

Horse kmd, of 2 years o d 7.00 Lumber box wagon and no 



Horse kind, of 1 years old 3.34 



sprmgs 00.00 



Mules of 3 years old and Gold Watch 3400 

upward 10.00 ^-^^^^ ^^ ^^1^^^. ^^.^^^j^ j^qq 

Mules of 2 years old 7.00 Cf^^i ^ u u i j i i 

AT.,i^o ^f 1 .^^^ ^1^ 1-iA Steel or brass-wheeled c ock 

Mules ot 1 year old O.J4 (.;^^^;„.,„ nr, nn 

Acres of rough land 1.67 „, ^J timepiece 20.00 

Acres of upland, meadow and Wooden-wheeled clock or 

clear pasture 134 time-piece 7.00 

Acres of boggy meadow, ' ?""^^' °^ ?'^^^'" P'^^^ ^-^ 

mowed 0.84 Money at interest 0.00 

Acres of Boggy meadow, not House fire-places, whether 

mowed 0.34 used or not 5.00 

Acres of other meadow 1.25 House fire-places, depreciated 

Acres of bush pasture 0.34 one-quarter, used or not 3.75 

Acres of uninclosed land, 1st House fire-places, depreciated 

rate 0.34 one-half, used or not 2.50 



222 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

House fire-places, depreciated or not, two stories 20.00 

three quarters, used or not 1.25 Store or warehouse, whether 
Store or ware-house, whether part of a dwelling house 

part of a dwelling house or not, three stories 30.00 

or not, one story 10.00 Bank stock 00.00 

Store or warehouse, whether Sheep one year old 00.00 

part of a dwelling house 
The listers desire to have the above list filled up. Each person is requir- 
ed to insert the name of the religious society to which he belongs, and 
return the list, completed, on or before the 10th day of September, next. 
August 20, 1808 

Particular attention is called to the segregation by which land 
was entered, and also to the varying prices per acre, according to 
quality, also the varying prices of stock according to age, of fire- 
places according to usage, and of vehicles according to style. 

During all the years preceding and down to this time, no dwelling 
house had appeared on a levy. 

NEWTOWN BOROUGH. 

Proceedings of the General Assembly of our State, by which, at 
its May session, 1824, the Borough of Newtown was incorporated. 
The borough, still intact, numbers yet a few of the second, third 
and fourth generation of families of those days. With the domain 
very much enlarged, with its scenic beauty much improved; with 
its wide main street, its beautiful, well-kept lawns ; its commodious 
sanitary public buildings, its abundant spring water supply from a 
lake not more than a half mile away, a Beach Memorial Library of 
volumes in the thousands ; a trunk line of State highway from 
Newtown to Bridgeport, in the near future to run from Newtown 
to the Berkshire Hills; the Berkshire division of the New York, 
New Haven and Hartford railroad with three stations in Newtown, 
the main station within 10 minutes walk of Newtown Village, with 
the Federal express to and from Boston and Washington, D. C, 
daily; a township 48 square miles in extent, with 400 miles of high- 
ways and by-ways that one can travel enough to cause pleasure 
seekers to increase in numbers as time goes on. It will not do to 
close without including Sandy Hook, a village by itself in Newtown, 
and the scenic beauty of Mt. Pisgah, with its base washed by the 
sparkling waters of the Pootatuck as it leaps and dashes along 
through the Glen, one of the Switzerlands of America, for their 
rightful share of admiration. To know all that there is to know 
about the scenic beauty of Newtown, one needs to come and dwell 
among us. 

An act incorporating the Borough of Newtown, passed by the General 
Assembly of Connecticut, at its May session, 1824: 

Section 1. Resolved by this Assembly, that all the electors of this state, 
inhabitants of the town of Newtown, in the County of Fairfield, being 
within the following bounds, to wit, beginning at the foot of Newtown 
Street at the road leading to Redding and running easterly to Queen Street 
so called, thence northerly through the center of said Queen Street to the 
east and west turnpike, thence westerly on said turnpike to Carcass Lane, 
so-called, thence northerly the whole length of said lane to the road lead- 
ing to Walnut Tree Hill so-called, thence northerly in a direct line from 
said lane to the junction of Hall Lane so-called, and the road leading to 
Hawley's Bridge, thence westerly through the center of said Hall Lane to 
the Bridgeport and Newtown turnpike, thence westerly in a direct line 



NEWTOWN BOROUGH 223 

from said lane SO rods from the west side of ssid turnpike, thence souther- 
ly m a hne parallel with said turnpike and the aforesaid Newtown street 
to the center of the aforesaid road leading to Redding near Daniel Beers' 
dwelling house, thence easterly to the place began at, be, and the same are 
hereby ordained, constituted and declared to be, from time to time and 
forever hereafter, one body corporate and politic, in fact and in name, bv 
the name of "The Warden, Burgesses, and Freemen of the Borough of 
Newtown," and by that name they and their successors, forever, shall have 
perpetual succession, and shall be persons in law, capable of sueing and 
being sued, pleading and being impleaded, in all suits of what nature 
soever, and also to purchase, hold and convey any estate real or personal, 
and may have a common seal, and may change and alter the same at 
pleasure, and shall be freemen of said Borough. 

Section 2. And for the better government of said Borough, be it further 
resolved that there shall be a meeting of said Bourough, holden annually 
m the month of May, at such time and place as by the by-laws of said 
Borough shall be directed, for the purpose of choosing all the officers of 
said Borough, and the officers chosen at such meeting shall continue in 
office for and during the term of one year from said annual meeting 
unless others shall be sooner chosen and qualified in their stead. 

Section 3. And said borough of Newtown shall have all the powers and 
privileges conferred on other inland Boroughs with this State, and be 
subject to the same restrictions and liabilities to which said other inland 
Boroughs are by law subjected. And all the officers of said Borough shall 
be qualified in the same manner, and have the same powers, as the officers 
of other inland boroughs so far as the local situation thereof will permit 

Section 4. The first meeting of said Borough shall be holden at the 
house of Czar Keeler in said Borough, on the second Monday of June, A. D. 
1824, at one o'clock in the afternoon of said day, for the choice of a warden 
burgesses, clerk, treasurer and bailiflf, and to transact such other business 
as shall be necessary, which may be, from time to time adjourned, and a 
copy of this paragraph of this resolve, certified under the hand of the 
Secretary of this State, and posted upon the public sign-post in said 
Borough at least three days before said second Monday of June, shall be 
legal warning to the freemen of said borough to attend said first meeting 
and tne officers chosen at such meeting shall continue in office until the 
expiration of the annual meeting in the month of May, A. D. 1825, unless 
others are sooner chosen and qualified in their stead, and that said 
Borough shall at such meetings first choose a clerk of said Borough, who 
shall immediately be sworn, and shall forthwith make a record of his being 
chosen and sworn, and the record thus by him made, in such case, shall 
be good and eflfectual in law. Such records may be made by clerks there- 
after, and shall be valid, anything in this resolve notwithstanding. And 
said Borough shall thereupon proceed to choose a warden and other 
officers of said Borough mentioned in this paragraph of this resolve, and 
that Benjamin F. Shelton shall have as to the first election of the warden 
burgesses, clerk, treasurer and bailifif of said Borough, the same powers' 
and proceed in the same manner, as the warden, burgesses and bailiff of said 
Borough are by this resolve to have and proceed in at the future elections 
in said Borough, and shall be moderator of said meeting, till a warden be 
chosen and qualified according to this resolve. 

Said Borough shall at first said meeting, appoint a time and place for 
holding said meeting of said warden and burgesses, which meeting shall 
have power to adjourn from time to time, always provided that anything 
in this resolve notwithstanding, the inhabitants living within the limits of 
said Borough, shall to all intents and purposes, be and remain a part of the 
town of Newtown, entitled to all its privileges and subject to all its 
burdens, as if this resolve had not been passed. Provided, nevertheless, 
that if this resolve, or any provision therein contained, shall be found in- 
convenient, or in any way inadequate, the same may be repealed altered 
or revoked, by the General Assembly. 

Section 5. All charges and expenses that shall have been and may be 
incurred in consequence of this act of incorporation shall be borne and 
defrayed by said Borough, by taxes on the polls and rateable estate of said 
Borough within said limits. 



224 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

NEWTOWN'S FIRE COMPANIES, 1803—1913. 

Dodgingtown is the name of a hamlet in Flat Swamp school dis- 
trict about mid-way between the village of Newtown and that of 
Bethel, made up for the most part of families living on their own 
farms, and a few mechanics busied with their several trades. A little 
community within itself, with many social qualities and interests in 
common. Among other things, they have a well-organized fire 
department of about 40 inembers and, although they have no fire 
engine as yet, so well equipped otherwise and so systematic in 
drill that, wdien they take part in an out-of-town drill, the lookers- 
on sit up and take notice. They took part in a firemen's parade in 
West Haven, where, in competition with 64 other companies, they 
were awarded a silver cup, as best in drill of any company on the 
grounds. The village of Newtown also has a fire company of about 
45 members that has been an organized company for 25 years. 
They, too, have no fire engine, but in other respects and appliances 
are well up to date and have done valient work in many cases of fire 
in the past in Newtown, in Sandy Hook and near-by vicinities. 
Both companies are voluntary, independent companies, never hav- 
ing been aided by town appropriations. 

The building that furnishes accommodation for appliances neces- 
sary for the demand of a hook and ladder company is a neatly con 
structed, commodious structure on town property, near the town 
hall, which, with the town hall, adds much to the attractiveness of 
the borough, as well as to that of the beautiful village street, with 
its well-kept lawns, beautiful shade trees and residential buildings. 
The town hall and fire company building, under the care and super- 
vision of the janitor, Patrick Gannon, speak well for the janitor 
and the town officials responsible for its care. 

Turning now to the town records we find that, in the matter of 
town protection from fire, in 1803, a special town meeting was 
called by petition to determine what the town should do to guard 
against the ravages of an outbreak of fire. 

At a lawful town meeting Dec. 19, 1803, the first movement was 
made to provide the town with protection from fire, when a vote 
was passed"that the town treasurer be directed to pay to William Edmond, 
Esq., one hundred dollars toward purchasing a fire engine for the use of 
the town," On the 6th day of Feb., following, a special meeting, called by 
petition to reconsider the vote appropriating $100, for a fire engine, the 
vote of the previous meeting was rescinded, and Elijah Nichols was ap- 
pointed chimney viewer instead. 

No future doings, townwise, in regard to fire engines until 1807. 
In the meantime, while the matter had been held in abeyance, a 
subscription paper had been circulated and $450 subscribed toward 
the expense of a fire engine, and a house in which to store it. 

Another petition, drawn by Hon. William Edmond, a citizen of 
Newtown, a lawyer of high repute and member of Congress at a 
time when the office sought the man and not the man the office, was 
circulated, Nov. 21, 1807, and on the 23d, of Nov. they were able to 
report $450 subscribed. At the annual town meeting, on the 7th 
day of December, 1807, the petition was read in open town meeting: 

"To the inhabitants of Newtown in legal Town meeting convened: The 
inhabitants of sd town street and its vicinity beg leave to represent that 



FIRE COMPANIES 1803—1913 225 

seriously alarmed at a recent event which threatened for a time to lay 
their dwellings in ashes, to unhouse their families, to sweep away their 
public buildings and produce a scene of destruction and distress awful to 
contemplate and too painful to describe, they met at the house of Caleb 
Baldwin on the 21st of Nov., 1807, to take into consideration their exposed 
and dangerous situation, and to devise the best practicable means of 
guarding themselves in future against destruction by fire. At this meeting 
the opinion was unanimous that it was the duty of the house-holders to 
see that their chimneys were swept or cleaned by burning without loss of 
time and to provide themselves with ladders as expeditiously as possible. 
It was also thought advisable to procure a fire engine if possible as the 
best instrument properly served with which to contend against so unruly 
and dangerous an element and indeed as the only one in which any just 
confidence of success might be placed in the hour of danger. To effect this 
so desirable an object a subscription was immediately opened and a com- 
mittee appointed to wait upon the inhabitants in the street (not then 
present) and the meeting was adjourned to the 23d of Nov. to receive the 
report of the committee that the sum of $450 had been subscribed for the 
purpose with a liberality evincive of a strong sense of danger and of the 
expediency and necessitj^ of the measure. Having proceeded thus far 
and accomplished so much by their individual exertions, it was thought 
advisable by the meeting to state their proceedings to the town at their 
annual meeting and to solicit that aid without which all their efforts to 
accomplish so important an object must prove inefifectual, especially as it 
appeared from the best information to be procured that the probable 
expense of a good and effectual engine delivered at Newtown with the 
cost of a house to shelter it would amount to about $700, that about $200 
would be needed in addition to the subscription to carry the object of it 
into effect and without which their utmost exertion must prove fruitless. 
Thus circumstanced they came before the Town to solicit their approbation 
and encouragement confiding in their wisdom, their justice and their 
generosity and trusting that their enlightened and liberal fellow citizens 
on a subject interesting to all will be ready to discard a narrow policy, to 
sacrifice the pride of opinion, and the spirit of party to the general good 
and viewing the subject in the same light with the petitioners will cheer- 
fully grant from the Town a sum equal to the deficiency of the subscription 
or in such way as their wisdom shall desire to enable the petitioners to 
accomplish the proposed object, and the petitioners as in duty bound will 
ever pray. William Edmond for and in behalf of the petitioners." 

After the reading of the petition, the meeting voted that the petition of 
the inhabitants of Newtown Street and vicinity for a grant of money from 
the town towards purchasing a fire engine be recorded. Caleb Baldwin, 
Town clerk. 

At the conclusion of the reading of the petition, the town voted : 

That the selectmen of Newtown be, and they are hereby authorized, 
empowered and directed to draw orders in favor of Joseph Nichols, upon 
the Town treasurer of Newtown for the sum of $200 to be applied to the 
purchase of a fire engine and a house to shelter the same, provided that 
nothing in this vote shall be construed to subject the town hereafter to 
the payment of any other or further sum than is herein before granted 
either for said fire engine, a house to shelter it, or for cisterns, ladders, 
fire hooks, ropes, buckets, working the engine, or any expense whatever, 
respecting the same, but said town shall be exempted therefrom in the 
same manner as though this vote had not been passed." "Voted that the 
petition of the inhabitants of the town street and its vicinity for a grant 
of money from the town towards purchasing fire engine be recorded. 
Attest, Caleb Baldwin, town clerk. 

No further records are to be found in regard to subsequent action 
on the part of the town, though for years, among offices provided 
for at the annual town meeting, was that of chimney viewer, given 
EHjah Nichols, for which no pay was given. 



226 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

NEWTOWN ACADEMY. 

The following letter was written by Mr. George L. Foote. eldest 
son of Rhesa and Polly Foote, a short time before his graduation 
from Washington (now Trinity) College, Hartford, Conn. 

Washington College, Hartford, Conn. 
Jan. 24, 1837. 
To Messrs. Henry Beers, Samuel C. Blackman, 

Henry Dutton, D. H. Belden and David V. B. Baldwin. 
Sirs : 

The subject upon which I am about to address you at this time may be 
one in which j'ou feel no concern and about which you would not like to be 
troubled. If so, pardon the trouble this may give you. But should you feel 
any interest in the subject, I ask of you a careful examination of my plans 
and a frank communication of your opinion. The subject of public educa- 
tion has for a long time occupied my attention and, in examining the 
various means presented for usefulness, this stands among the most prom- 
inent in my estimation. I have accordingly concluded to direct my attention 
to the subject and use my exertions for the promotion of this object for 
two or three years after I shall finish my studies, and. thinking of my 
native town, I have concluded to propose to you a plan that I have formed 
and ask your advice and co-operation. I wish to establish somewhere an 
Academy in which boys and girls may pursue their studies after leaving 
the primary schools and be fitted either for business, for teachers or for 
college. I wish such a school to be select — that is, to have certain quali- 
fications requisite for admission ; to have not "all branches" taught in it, 
but such as shall be most useful, and to have such taught on a thorough 
plan ; and to have the school established on the principles of the Bible, 
believing that the best class-book for every institution, though I would 
not have any sectarian principles inculcated, nor would I hesitate to 
declare my preference for the church of my affections and the nursery of 
my childhood and youth. I would have it emphatically a Christian school, 
such a school as every well-wisher of his country would desire to see 
established in every town. In examining the various situations for the 
location of such a school, my preference has been given to Newtown for 
various reasons : It is my native town and there are attachments that bind 
me there, which I find nowhere else. It is a quiet place and very free from 
evil influence calculated to draw oflf boys who might be boarding from 
home. There is no school of this kind established there, though I have 
felt the need of such a one for many years. There are many boys and girls 
who, I think, would attend such a school, living in the town. My mother 
lives there, with whom I could board and receive boarders and be at 
home, and I could then be in a situation to assist the younger members of 
the family. And lastly, I should have some pride, whether censurable or 
not, to see such a school started in my native town, and started bj^ my 
exertions. These are some of the reasons that have led me to select that 
as the place of location, and of the weight of ihese reasons you can each 
judge. 

Now, gentlemen, do you think such a school would succeed in Newtown? 
Are there moneyed men who would feel interested in such a plan, enough 
to put a building in some eligible situation and, after fitting it to my mind, 
rent at a reasonable per cent so that I could make it an object worthy of my 
employment? Do you think pupils enough could be obtained, and would 
you give me your influence in obtaining pupils? Knowing, as you do, the 
circumstances in which I am placed; the character of the inhabitants of 
Newtown; the proverb that "a prophet hath no honor in his own country," 
your own feeling on the subject and the situation of Miss Sarah Black- 
man's school, would you advise me to persevere in this plan or to relinquish 
it altogether? 

My object in writing at this time is, that having obtained your opinion, I 
may make some calculation on the subject the coming Spring, and have 
everything ready to bdgin in the fall when I shall have finished my studies 
in this place. It is, gentlemen, with some experimental knowledge of your 
character and good feelings that I make this communication, and I earnest- 



NEWTOWN ACADEMY 227 

ly hope that you will do me the favor of answering me immediately, if 
you think the subject worthy of an answer. 

I am, gentlemen, with great esteem for you, 

Your friend and humble servant, 

George L. Foote. 

This communication evidently met with the hearty approval of the 
gentlemen to whom it was addressed, who immediately went to 
work to create a public interest in its favor, which resulted in call- 
ing an informal meeting at Mr. Caleb Baldwin's, Feb. 8, 1837, 
"to form an association for the purpose of purchasing a location, and build- 
ing a suitable house in the borough of Newtown to be occupied as an 
Academy for the education of the young in the various branches of science, 
and to raise a sum of money sufficient for said purpose." 

The subscription was to be binding, provided the sum of $1000, 
should be raised ; $1475 was pledged at once. 

The original list of subscribers may be interesting to their child- 
ren and grand children : 

Harry Beers $100 Joseph Dick $25 Jabez B. Peck $25 

David H. Belden 100 Charles C. Warner 25 Lemuel Beers 25 

Rev. Samuel C. Strat- Abel B. Skidmore 25 Charles Blakeslee 25 

ton IOC Boyle Fairchild 25 Botsford Tcrrill 25 

Josiah Glover 50 Josiah B. Fairchild 25 Samuel Fairchild 25 

John Judson 25 Amariah Beers 25 James Nichols 25 

Ebenezer Turner 25 Wooster Peck 25 fohn Johnson 25 

Thomas Blackman 25 Caleb Baldwin 50 Charles B. Booth 25 

Wm. Blakeslee 25 Charles Brisco 25 Simeon N. Beers 25 

Charles Fairman 25 Charles Noble 25 Gould Curtis 25 

Henry Dutton 25 Daniel Skidmore 25 Robert S. Peck 25 

Moses Parsons 25 David V. B. Baldwin 50 George M. Benedict 25 

David Curtis 25 Amos G. Peck 25 Charles Johnson 25 

Charles Clark 25 Jabez B. Botsford 25 Philo Clarke 25 

Samuel A. Peck 25 Abel Botsford 25 Beach Camp 25 

Josiah Sanford 25 Thomas O. Chambers 25 

A sufficient amount being subscribed, a constitution and articles 
of association were adopted, March 2, 1837. The officers appointed : 
Rev. Samuel C. Stratton, David V. B. Baldwin, David H. Belden, 
Josiah Sanford, Samuel Beers, trustees; Charles Clark, secretary; 
David V. B. Baldwin, Charles Brisco, Samuel Fairchild, building 
committee. The building committee were instructed to erect a 
building not to exceed 36 x 26 feet. It was completed during the 
summer, and in the fall of 1837 the school was opened in charge of 
Mr. George L. Foote, who, fresh from college with his heart full 
of love for the work, entered upon his duties with all the enthusi- 
asm, energy and self-devotion with which he was possessed, and 
which he exhibited to such a remarkable degree through his min- 
isterial life. He was ably assisted in both male and female depart- 
ments, two of his assistants being his sisters. Misses Mary and 
Harriet Foote. At the May session of the Legislature, 1838, the 
Association petitioned for an act of incorporation and a resolution 
granting it passed the General Assembly. 

The year 1839 was a prosperous one for the institution. The 
number of pupils ranged from 100 to 150. Mr. Foote continued 
principal of the Academy until the Spring of 1840. He resigned, 
much to the regret of a host of patrons, to enter upon the work of 
the ministry in Roxbury, Conn., where he remained ten years. 



228 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

rcniovinp: to the diocese of New York where he died at JMorris, 
Otsego Co., Oct., 1863. 

In the Spring of 1840, Rev. Levi Corson succeeded as principal. 
He also supplied the i)ulpit of Trinity Church. Miss Mary Foote 
was teacher of the female department. He was principal only one 
year, being succeeded by Rev. Thomas T. Guion. He also, though 
an excellent and devoted teacher, was in charge only one year, 
being succeeded, the spring of 1842, by Mr. Charles W. Wooster, 
who was in charge only a year. Amos S. Treat was a good teacher, 
but his preference was for the law, and he left teaching to devote 
himself to tiie practice of his profession. 

Jilr. Elizur Kceler was next in charge. He was Newtown born 
and had experience in some of the public schools of the town. 
He taught several years, maintaining a well-deserved popularity, 
both as boarding and day school, and was much beloved by his 
pupils. When he left Newtown for a position with a Waterbury 
firm. Newtown lost a good teacher, a valued citizen, and the Con- 
gregational Church a consistent member. 

In 1852, after a lapse of two years, during which the building was 
closed, the trustees secured Mr. J. Homer French, who came from 
Clyde, N. Y. He was an excellent disciplinarian, a superior teacher, 
and excelled, as a mathematician. He was associate author of 
Adam's series of arithmetics, and, later, author of French's Arith- 
metic, which was used in the Academy in later years. 

Before the close of the first year, the building was repaired, the 
old time benches giving way to revolving chairs and modern desks. 
An able corps of assistants helped make the school popular, a large 
number of pupils coming from other towns. In Jan., 1853, the 
Academician, a monthly paper printed in Bridgeport and conducted 
by the pupils, was started. It was popular, but a failure financially 
and did not finish the second year. Mr. French resigned during the 
summer of 1855. 

Names of teachers and pupils, who made up the coterie at New- 
town Academy, 60 years ago, helping make things lively on the 
village street and looking forward to the time when, in maturer 
life, they might become a part of the great army of home and 
nation builders, to take up and carr}^ on the work as their ancestors 
should lay it down. 

The names that follow were copied from the pupils' paper, the 
Academician : 

Instructors : J. Homer French, principal ; Rev. William L. 
Bostwick, teacher of classics ; Miss Cornelia L. Hubbard, precept- 
ress ; Miss Fanny Easton, assistant; Mrs Mary E. French, teacher 
of French; Mrs. Mary E. Sanford, teacher of music. 

Female Department: Delia Fairchild, Newtown 

Jane Banks, Newtown Sarah Grace Blakeslee, Newtown 

Sarah E. Beecher, Sandy Hook Alosia S. Botsford, Newtown 

Ann S. Beers, Newtown Emma J. Boroughs, Newtown 

Charlotte B. Beers, Newtown Elizabeth Clarke, Newtown 

Harriet B. Blackman, Newtown Lydia Jane Camp, Newtown 

Julia Esther Blackman, Newtown Jane Eliza Camp, Newtown 

Mary J. Blakeslee, Newtown Juliette Curtis, Newtown 

Catherine E. Fairchilri Newtown Alartha Dikeman, Newtown 



NEWTOWN ACADEMY 



229 



Harriet F. Fairchild, Bethel 

Lucy A. Fairchild, Newtown 

Susan A Fairchild, Newtown 

Mary Jane Foote, Hobart, N. Y. 
Betsey Glover, Newtown 

Esther A. Hawley, Newtown 

Harriette M. Lake, Sandy Hook 
Wihlelmina B. Norman, Bridgeport 
Sarah M. Prindle, Newtown 

Augusta Sanford, Newtown 

Mary Jane Sherman Newtown 

Mary Caroline Skidmore, 

Newtown 
Male Department : 
David Banks, Newtown 

Booth G. Beers, Newtown 

Daniel G. Beers, Newtown 

George Beers, Newtown 

Isaac Beach Beers, Newtown 

John Hobart Beers, Newtown 

Julius A. Beers, Newtown 

Silas N. Beers, Newtown 

Benjamin C. Benedict, Newtown 
George B. Blakeslee, Newtown 
William Blakeslee, Newtown 

Daniel Theodore Booth, Newtown 

Milford 
George A. Bradley. Newtown 

John Huntington Brewster, 

Newtown 
George Bulkley, 
Edward Burroughs, 
George B. Camp, 
Hobart B. Camp, 
Frederick Chambers, 
Lemuel B. Clark, 
George Clark, 
David Curtis, 
Frederick L. Curtis, 



F. Mortimer Fairchild, Newtown 

Daniel B. Fairman, Newtown 

Martin V. B. Glover, Newtown 

William Henry Glover, Newtown 

Andrew W. Grey, Jr., Newtown 

Edson N. Hawley, Newtown 
Nathan Harrison, North Branford 



William G. Hard, 
Elmer B. Hawley, 
William G. Hawley, 
William B. Hurd, 
D. Jackson Lake, 
Walter Baldwin Lake, 



Newtown 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Jersey City 
Newtown 
Newtown 



Frederick H. Lyon, Redding Ridge 
Charles S. Midldebrook, Bridgeport 
Franklin Middlebrook, Sandy Hook 
George Arthur Mott, Bridgeport 
Joseph G. Ivlunson, Sandy Hook 
Henry Nichols, 



Albert W. Peck, 
Edward B. Peck, 
George B. Peck, 
Henry S. Peck, 
Nelson J. Peck, 



Newtown 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Sandy Hook 
Newtown 
Newtown 



William Arthur Porter, Bridgeport 



Elias F. Sanford, 
Edward M. Sherman, 
Edwin M. Sherman, 
Norris Sherman, 
Philo B. Sherman, 
Eugene R. Silliman, 
Robert R. Skidmore, 
Charles E. Smith, 
Frederick B. Terrill, 
Franklin W. Tucker, 
Augustus Warner, 
lames Wheeler, 
John B. Wheeler. 



Sandy Hook 
Newtown 
Newtown 

Sandy Hook 
Newtown 
Bridgeport 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Newtown 

Sandy Hook 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Newtown 



John Henry Woolsey, Bridgeport 



Newtown 
Trumbull 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Danbury 
Newtown 
Newtown 
Bridgeport 

More than three-score years have passed since that happy band 
of pupils gathered as a school and, at the morning- roll call, answer- 
ed "Here !" As we call the roll to-day. the silent ones are in the 
majority. Here and there is one remaining, but each beyond the 
allotted time of life, three score and ten. and. as those who have 
gone before have done, will soon answer the roll call for the last 
time. 

September, 1855, Mr. J. E. Goodhue, native of New Hampshire 
and a Yale graduate, succeeded Mr. French. Though the attend- 
ance was less than during Mr. French's administration, the time 
was one of marked prosperity for the school, and Mr. Goodhue won 
the good-will of his pupils and the lasting regard of his patrons. 

When, at the end of three years, he resigned to enter Berkeley 
Divinity School, in preparation for the ministry in the Episcopal 
Church, it was with real regret that his resignation was accepted. 
From 1858 to 1874, the changes were frequent. Miss Susan Walker, 
who had been Mr. Goodhue's assistant, continued in charge, with 
Miss Mary J- Sherman as associate principal. When Miss Walker 
retired to work among the freedmen at Washington. D. C, Miss 
Martha J. Morris, sister of ex-Gov. Luzon B. Morris, a talented 



230 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

teacher and congenial friend of Miss Sherman, took her place. The 
school prospered under their guidance, until Miss Morris accepted 
a position at Westville, Conn., and Miss Sherman became the wife 
of Franklin Fairman of Chicago, one of Newtown's sons. 

Henry K. Lever, Sidney B. Frost, J. R. Fairman and John Betts 
each had short terms. Beach Hill, a superior teacher, opened a 
private school in Bridgeport, of which he remained principal until 
his death. Henry Beard became a Congregational minister and 
removed to Minnesota. His popular assistant was Miss Arabella 
Fitch, who became the wife of Daniel G. Beers. 

Miss Frances Marble was a successful teacher, but found greater 
scope for her abilities in Bridgeport High School, and, later, as 
founder of the Courtland School, of which she was the beloved 
principal until her death. Miss Alice Bradley, became the wife of 
Hon. Charles Brisco, of Enfield, Conn. 

In the Autumn of 1874, Rev, J. P. Hoyt, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church, took charge. As a teacher of the classics he excelled 
and so thorough was his teaching, that his pupils became his assis- 
tants in dififercnt branches. John M. Otis, George Judd, J. Frank 
Gillette, among the young men, and Misses Adella Botsford, Esther 
Camp, Carrie Lake, Nellie Judson and Effie Glover, acted as assist- 
ants. At the close of the Spring term of 1880, Mr. Hoyt tendered 
his resignation, at which time he made the statement that "the 
school commenced with 12 pupils ; the number increased to 63 ; 
200 pupils have been connected with the Academy from 9 different 
towns ; 100 have finished a course of study ; 11 have entered college 
or are nearly prepared, and 40 have become teachers." The trustees 
prevailed upon him to re-consider his resignation, and he remained 
another year, having as associate, Mr. George H. Cummings, who 
continued in charge the following year. In Alarch, 1882, Mr. D. B. 
Plummer became principal. He was succeeded by Miss Effie 
Glover, who remained in charge until the old building was sold to 
L. B. Booth and moved to its present position and became the 
Post Office. 

Prof. Francis M. Wilson became principal, Oct. 1, 1885, teaching 
in the old ball-room in Miss Ann Blackman's house, until the new 
building on Sunset Hill was completed, the summer of 1886. He 
remained in charge until the close of the school-year, 1886-87, 
assisted by Miss Florence Keep. Prof. Schultz was principal in 
1888 and until the coming of Prof. E. Pennington Cliff in 1891. 
In 1892, the building was moved from Sunset Hill nearly a mile and a 
quarter across the fields to its present position. Prof. Cliff, opened 
school in September, in St. Patrick's Hall, pending the moving and 
repairing of the building, with Miss Sarah IBeers in charge of inter- 
mediate department, Mrs. M. C. Rogers, the primary, Mrs. Charles 
S. Piatt teacher of music and Miss Mary Bacon of drawing and 
painting. Prof. Cliff remained in charge until the close of 1894-5 
having as assistants at different periods Miss Lillian French, Miss 
Grace Goodsell, Miss Jessie Sanford. and Miss Sample. Prof. W. 
H. Hoyt, became principal in 1895, Miss Mabel Cummings assist- 
ant, remaining until 1898, when it was announced that the sixty- 




AilSS SUSAX i. SCL'DDKR 



First Woman to I>e F.leclcil 
School Hoard 




MRS. EDITH G. MITCHELL 



Second Woman to be Elected on 
School Board 



NEWTOWN ACADEMY 231 

second year of Newtown Academy would be opened by Prof. H. B. 
Mac Farland, with Mrs. Mac Farland, assistant. Miss Jennie 
Briscoe assisted one term with Prof. Mac Farland in 1898, contin- 
uing during his term of service until 1901, when he was succeeded 
by Prof. Gardner, with Miss Briscoe as assistant. Prof. Gardner 
remained until the town made it a Free High School. 

Miss Briscoe in upper room as a private school in 1902. Prof. 
Tibbetts first High School Principal. 

In closing this record of Newtown Academy, it should be stated 
that owing to the difficulty in obtaining correct information some 
names may have been unintentionally omitted. 

Newtown Academy with its principal, five assistants and 88 pupils 
with a reputation that drew from cities, as well as from adjoining 
towns, was well patronized, although the whole expense of keeping 
it up came upon those who patronized it, each pupil obliged to furn- 
ish books and stationery for individual use. Now, with expenses 
paid by a tax levied on the taxable property of the town, every 
incentive is placed before our children to make the best improve- 
ment of present-day advantages. In numbers enrolled, the school 
of 60 years ago compares favorably with the number enrolled in our 
High School. 

The High School building, originally the Newtown Academy, 
built on Sunset Hill in 1886, was moved in 1892, to its present 
position. In 1902 it was sold to the town for a free High School. 

Its Principals Miss Bessie Mitchell 1909-11 

Prof. A. M. Tibbetts, 1902-03 Miss Sue Short 1910-13 

Ross Jewell 1903-07 Miss Dorothy Curtis 1911-12 

Curtis Cook 1907-10 Miss Bessie Olson 1912-13 

W. L. Carpenter 1910-12 Miss Ethel Salmon 1913-14 

" Leonard Johnson 1912-16 Miss Irene Warren 1914-16 

" Leo Hickson 1916 to date Miss Helen Houlihan 1913- 

Assistant Teachers Miss Doris Downs 1916- 

Miss Elizabeth Goodwin 1903-05 Sub Freshmen Teachers 

Miss Daisy Kemble 1905-06 Private School 

Miss Blanche Welch 1905-07 Miss Jennie Briscoe 1902-03 

Miss Edith Ganong 1906-07 Mrs. Ross Jewell 1903-06 

Miss Marguerite Lawton 1907-08 Mrs. Charles H. Northrop 1907-08 

Miss Ruth Snow 1907-08 Miss Mary Lester 1909-10 

Miss Lula Roberts 1908-10 Miss Lillian Troy 1910-to date 

HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES 

High School opened, 1902. First class graduated, 1905. 

F. Loretta Houlihan Augusta Campbell 

Mary Hoyt Francis J. Carmody 

Eleanore L. Northrop Eleanor S. Cavanaugh 

Pearl F. Parsons j^jay J. Egan 

Ethel M^ Peck Helen F. Hawley 

Harley T. Peck j^^^j^, ^ ^^^^^ 

Class of 1906 John G. Houlihan 

Anna May Betts Margaret L. Keating 

Edward J. Egan /^ja J. Lake 

Katherme Honan jVJary M. Lester 

Anna V. Keane May F. McNamara 

Margaret L. Keane Catherine Murphy 

Jennie M. Ruffles Carlton S. Smith 

Elizabeth Egan Lillian M. Troy 

Class of 1907 Alma L. Williams 

Harold E. Botsford Randolph B. Williams 



232 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



Class of 1908 

Lottie M. Behn 
Helen M. Blakeman 
Nonie A. Brennan 
Marguerite Cavanaugh 
Elsie C. Ferris 
Annie Murphy 
Crossley Wallace 
Vivian R. Wetmore 

Class of 1909 
Florence G. Beecher 
Helen F. Houlihan 
M. May Houlihan 
Thomas F. Lynch 
Earle Taber 
Benj. D. Smith 
Anna H. Ruffles 
Lena Blake 
Gertrude Bradley 
Anna L. Keane 
Mary T. Kelly 
C. Agnes Lynch 
Marv Lynch 

Class of 1910 
Nora C. Blake 
Ruth E. Ruffles 
Clarice E. Botsford 
Mary Hazen Fairchild 
Mary W. Lynch 
Catherine V. Lynch 
Percy C. Piatt 
Earle Peck 
Rychie E. Veness 
Jennie L. Lynch 
Catherine F. Farrell 
Anna M. Houlihan 
Catherine A. James 

Class of 1911 
Lillian M. Beers 
Mayla A. Botsford 
Anna L. Carlson 
William E. Driscoll 
Arthur W. Fairchild 
Herbert C. Ferris 
Lucie F. Wright 
Marv A. Northrop 

Class of 1912 
Jesse M. Bailey 
Marguerite K. Beecher 
Michael J. Blake 
George M. Ferris 
Helen M. Keane 
Catherine A. Lester 
Joseph D. Keane 
L. Phillips Morris 
Annie G. Murphy 
Edith N. Northrop 
James A. Peck 
S. Bessie Ruffles 
Horace A. Smith 

Class of 1913 
Elizabeth H. Blake 
Charles W. Botsford 
Annie C. Brenner 
George G. Canfield 
Robert D. Fairchild 



Gordon J. Gale 
C. Frances Griffin 
Frank L. Johnson 
Helen A. Kilbride 
Mary C. Kilbride 
Viola P. Kutscher 

Class of 1914 
H. Sanford Beers 
Sarah A. Beers 
Mildred Christopher 
G. Herbert Beers 
Jessie M. Beers 
Arthur J. Ferris 
Florence N. Gaffney 
Israel Goldstein 
Thomas F. Keane 
Catherine C. Mayers 
Evelyn B. Read 
Alice C. Smith 

E. Marion Summers 

F. Leonard Wright 
Charlesina E. Driscoll 
Jennie R. Honan 

Class of 1915 
Amy M. Bantle 
Esther M. Beck 
Marion N. Curtis 
Walter L. Glover 
Marv V. Houlihan 
Wilbur E. Olmstead 
Francis H. Piatt 
Grace E. Ruffles 
George M. Stuart 
Russell H. Wheeler 

Class of 1916 
Bertha Summers 
Alaude Summers 
Hazel Hopkins 
Herman Oppe 
Earle Wentsch 
Anna Corbett 
j\Iary Keane 
Catherine Scanlon 
Dorothy Harris 
Mollie Goldstein 
Mae Jordan 
Frank Corbett 
Charles Ferris 
John Kelly 
Charles Piatt 
Paul Cavanaugh 
Philo Botsford 

Class of 1917 
Daniel Christopher 
Charles Olmstead 
Harold Raj^ 
Anna Lang 
Mary Murphy 
Blanche Gilbert 
Ruth Tilson 
Mildred Stevens 
Clarence Skiff 
Mae Fairchild 
Dora Strisik 
Agnes Leavy 
Aileen Houlihan 



JOHN BEACH MEMORIAL LIBRARY 233 

THE JOHN BEACH MEMORIAL LIBRARY. 

About 1874, it was made known thit a contribution of 100 volumes would 
be made by some one to form the foundation of a town library, provided 
other books should be purchased and a library association organized with- 
in a year from the date of the gift. The donor proved to be Mrs Caleb 
Baldwin, whose home was the house now owned by Charles F. Beardsley. 
Sufficient money was obtained to purchase a suitable book-case and the 
fevv? other things necessary, and the Newtown Library Association was 
organized, Dec. 11, 1875, in the post office building, north of the store of 
R. H. Beers & Co. 

Its history up to July 23, 1900, was given by Mrs Charles S. Piatt, at the 
laying of the corner stone of the John Beach Memorial Library: 

"It was organized b}^ a little band of men who must have felt and known 
what good reading means to a place like this. These men, Ezra L. Johnson, 
Abel Stilson, Douglas Fairchild. Edwin Clarke, Zalmon S. Peck, Edgar F. 
Hawlej', Charles Fairman and Elmer Fairchild. The charter was received 
and recorded by Charles H. Peck, town clerk, Jan. 15, 1877; also recorded 
in the secretary's office at Hartford, Jan. 16, 1877. It was soon removed to 
the residence of Theophilus Nichols. It started with 100 books and Miss 
Charlotte Nichols librarian. 

The Dramatic Club gave the proceeds of one of their entertainments 
and books were added from time to time in small numbers. In 1885, the 
Association was in a critical condition. A few, realizing this, called a 
meeting and elected new officers. Prof. Charles S. Piatt was made presi- 
dent, a room was hired in the Brick building and the books removed. 
Prof. Piatt and wife commenced a series of entertainments, their efforts 
were abetted by a few faithful workers, the public responded and, at the 
end of his term of office, $1360.00 had been raised by entertainments alone, 
and the books numbered over 3000. Again the life of the Association 
seemed threatened. The few who had labored so hard to supply the funds 
of the institution were discouraged. The town demanded rent for the 
small room in which it existed. What could a library do without a home 
in which to exist? It was then put into the heart of Rebecca D. Beach to 
furnish the beautiful home for which we are now assembled to laj^ the 
corner-stone, which will commemorate the good her ancestors labored so 
nobly to impart in our midst, and aid in carrying on this institution of 
which we may justly be proud." 

The following have at this time, 1900, been officially connected 
with the Association : 

Presidents — Ezra L. Johnson, Daniel G. Beers, Marcus C. Hawley, Rev. 
J. A. Crockett, Charles S. Piatt, Arthur S. Hawley, Samuel J. Botsford, 
Rev. George T. Linsley. 

Vice-presidents — Charles M. Beresford, Rev. G. M. Wilkins, Edgar F. 
Hawlej', Reuben H. Smith, William A. Leonard, Rev. George T. Linsley, 
Rev. O. W. Barker 

Secretaries — Mary F. Peck, J. F. Gillette, Mary E. Beers, Eflfie M. Glover, 
Emma F. Terrill, Ella E. Piatt. 

Librarians — Charlotte E. Nichols, Mrs. John Gay, Miss Abbie L. Peck. 

Treasurers — Miss. Mary C. Morgan, C. H. Northrop, Arthur T. Nettleton. 

Trustees — Abel Stilson, Marcus C. Hawley, E. F. Hawley, D. G. Beers, 
A. F. Clark, Charles M. Beresford, Charles H. Gay, George P. Sanford, 
C. F. Beardsley, Prof. Shultz, Rev. O. W. Barker. 

The corner-stone was laid by John Francis Beach, seventh in 
descent from Rev. John Beach, assisted by John Kimberly Beach, 
sixth in descent. The box deposited in the corner-stone contained 

Newtown Bee, July 13, 1900; eight clippings from copies of the Bee 
relating to the library; the Newtown Courier published by R. H. Beers 
& Co; the New York Times, July 23. 1900; Pathfinder, June 10, 1850; cata- 
logue of Newtown Library; historical sketch of library by Mrs. C. S. Piatt; 
list of present officers; autographs of present officers; list of present 
subscribers and honorary members; autograph of Miss Rebecca D. Beach, 
John Francis Beach and John Kimberly Beach; Columbian half-dollar from 
Rev. George T. Linsley; minor coins of years 1899 and 1900 from Arthur T. 



234 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Nettleton; paper stating that box was sealed by Daniel Camp, July 23 
1900; paper stating that corner-stone was laid by John Francis Beach, 
assisted by John Kimberly Beach; copy of Ulster County Gazette, Jan. 4, 
1800; Newtown Academician, April, 1874. 

The corner-stone was formally laid by John Francis Beach, who 
said: "I lay the corner-stone of this Library to the memory of John 
Beach.'" He was assisted by his uncle, John Kimberly Beach. 

The building was completed and formall}' opened, Dec. 11, 1900, 
at which time it was presented to the Library Association by Miss 
Rebecca Beach. Ladies assisting at the reception : Mrs G. T. 
Linsley, I\Irs G. P. Sanford, Mrs L. C. Morris, Mrs. W. J. Beecher, 
Mrs. 6. \V. Barker, Mrs. Grace Glover. In 1903, the Association 
failed in its attempt to have the town make it a free library. In 
1907, the library was catalogued by High School pupils under the 
direction of Prof. Ross Jewell. The Dewey Decimal Classification 
and Cutter's Order mark was used, and index was made upon a 
typewriter. 

Officers since the opening of the new library: President, Rev. George T. 
Linsley, 1899-1901; Vice-president, Rev. Otis W. Barker._President, 1902-05; 
Rev. James H. George (A'ice-president). President 1905 until his decease, 
January 1, 1917: Dr. F. J. Gale, (Vice-president,) now acting President. 
Treasurer, Air. A. T. Nettleton, 1900-1908. Mr. A. J. Smith, 1909-1917. 

Secretaries — Mrs. Chas. S. Piatt. Mrs. William S. Hawley, Mrs. Austin 
B. Blakeman. 

Trustees — A. P. Smith, C. F. Beardslev. Librarian — Miss Abbie Peck. 



MEMORIALS GIVEN SINCE 1900: 

Alemorial shelf in memorv of Herbert Skidmore, by Mrs. Estella Skid- 
more Beard. 1900. 

Memorial shelf in memory of Henry Botsford Dikeman, bv Mrs. Oscar 
Dikeman, 1901. 

Memorial shelf in memorv of Mrs. Helen M. Laflin, by Mrs. Grace 
Allen, 1903. 

Memorial shelf in memorv of Henrv Glover Beecher, bj' W. J. Beecher 
and family, 1904. 

Memorial shelf in memory of Marv Carter Booth, by Rev. Robert C. 
Booth, 1904. 

Memorial shelf in mem.ory of Mrs. Elizabeth D. Gardner, by Mrs. Wm. 
Gardner, 1907. 

Alemorialshelf in memory of Prof. Charles S Piatt, by Mrs Ella E. Piatt, 1909. 

Alemorial shelf in memorv of Abel French Clarke, by Airs. Abel F. 
Clarke, 1914. 

S300 from Air. and Airs Austin B. Blakeman for the Helen Alac Gregor 
Blakeman fund for books for girls, 1910. , 

$500 from estate of Abel French Clarke, 1914. 

Airs. Julia Chase who died at Sharon, Conn., Sept. 13, 1904, presented to 
Newtown Library through her executor Dr. Wm. W. Knight, a cup and 
saucer belonging to a set used in the family of her great, great grand- 
father. Rev. John Beach; also one of his sermons and a Alasonic apron of 
her grandfather's, Isaac Beach, son of Lazarus Beach, born Alay 19, 1773, 
died July 20, 1822, aged 49 years and 2 months, 1 day. 




PROF. CHARLES L. PLATT 



See Pages 88 and 232 




MAIN STREET EOOKING SOUTH 

Residence Mrs. S. G. Glover 
Opposite Beach Meiiioria! Library 

See Page 232 




BEACH MEMORIAL LIBRARY 

See Page 233 



JOHN BEACH MEMORIAL LIBRARY 235 

A sword presented to Capt. Julius Sanford in October 1862, by Newtown 
friends, taken from him when prisoner in 1863, was returned to his daugh- 
ters, Mrs. Sherwood Thompson and Mrs. Gertrude Bolmer of New Haven, 
in 1910, and by the mpresented to Newtown Library. 

The sword presented by Newtown friends bears this inscription: 

"Capt. Julius Sanford, Co. C, 23rd Regt. C. V. Presented Oct. 1862, by 
many friends of Newtown, Conn., as a token of respect." 

Capt. Sanford was a prisoner at Camp Ford. Tyler, Texas, for 
14 months and died November 1, 1879, as a'result of this imprison- 
ment, leaving a widow and two daughters, Mrs. Sherwood S. 
Thompson and Mrs. Clarence B. Bolmar. Through the postmasters 
of New^town, Conn., and Leadbetter, Texas, Mrs. Thompson was 
placed in communication with Dan Hensley of Leadbetter, Texas, 
who had the sword in his possession. In his letter he says, "My 
brother, Mount Hensley, was a Confederate soldier in Co. 2, Texas 
Cavalry, Queen's Brigade, and was stationed in Louisiana in 1863. 
My brother while scouting took some Federal soldiers prisoners, 
among them, Capt. Sanford. Shortly after he came home on fur- 
lough, and brought the sword with him. My brother was killed in 
March, 1864. The sword has been hanging in our house nearly 47 
years, and is a bad specimen of its former beauty." 

The sword is placed in a handsome case and hangs in the New- 
town Library. 

The sword was taken from Capt. Sanford when he was taken 
prisoner in Bayou Beouz La., June 24, 1863. 



SANDY HOOK FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

The Sandy Hook Free Public Library Association was incorpor- 
ated June 25, 1906, on application of Otis Olney Wright, Smith P. 
Glover, George F. Taylor, Daniel J. Keane, Albert W. Bassett, and 
H. Birdsey Sniffen. It is located in the Glover Block in a room 
generously donated by S. P. Glover. Rev. O. O. Wright was the 
first chairman of the board of directors and served continuously 
until his removal from Sandy Hook in 1912. The organization of 
the library and its maintainence during those years was in large 
measure due to his efforts. The library was incorporated as a free 
library and it has always been so maintained. It is open to all 
inhabitants of the town, free of charge, and money for its support 
is raised entirely by voluntary subscription and public entertain- 
ments. The present number of books in circulation is 2458 and the 
number of takers of books 149. 

Miss May McNamara, now the librarian, receives no salary, and 
those who have served in this capacity are Mrs. Arthur Kennedy, 
Mrs. W. H. Stevens and Mrs. H. Birdsey Sniffen. 

Contributed by Mrs. Edith W. Mitchell, Secretary. 



236 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



NEWTOWN SAVINGS BANK. 

The Newtown Savings Bank was incorporated in June, 1855, by 
the Legislature of Connecticut. The incorporators were Henry 
Beers, Henry Beers Glover, Edward Starr, Theophilus Nichols, 
Henry Sanford, Samuel Curtis, S. P. Barnum, Henry Baldwin, D. B. 
Beers, Jerome Tudson, Monroe Judson, Moses Parsons, James B. 
Blakeslee. Charles F. Blakeslee. Alva B. Beecher, Samuel B. Peck, 
William Beard, Zerah Fairman, David H. Johnson and Walter 
Clarke. 

None of these corporators are now living,the last one Charles F. 
Blakeslee, died in Franklin, Pa. July 8, 1913. 

In a pass-book issued by the bank in September, 1855, the depos- 
itor was informed that the bank had "been established for the 
purpose of affording a secure investment to persons who have not 
the facilities of safely putting their income otherwise to use." That 
this principle has been maintained is borne out by the steady 
growth and financial strength of this excellent institution. 

Sixty-four years ago, the favored spot in which we now dwell was 
the same as it is to-day, in this one respect ; it possessed men who 
believed in uprightness and moral integrity, and they also believed 
that it was a good thing to plant in this neighborhood an institu- 
tion that should stand for these principles, and, at the same time, 
afford to men and women of humble means an opportunity to lay 
by little by little, such sums as they could spare from their neces- 
sary expenses, as might , in the future, be of help to them in pro- 
curing a home or enabling them to provide for themselves, or those 
depending upon them, some substantial support, which stress of 
circumstances that might overtake them should demand. 

The early incorporators of the Newtown Savings Bank were men 
of sterling worth and, whether they builded better than they knew 
or not, they builded well, and the principles they laid down in the 
original by-laws, and in the first books they issued to depositors, 
show wisdom and foresightedness. 

Pursuant to notice given by Henr}^ Beers Glover, committee 
appointed by the Legislature, the first meeting to organize the 
Newtown Savings Bank was held at the office of David B. Beers 
in Newtown, July 14, 1855. 

After hearing the charter read, the meeting adjourned to August 
25, 1855, to meet at the same place. At this meeting, the by-laws 
proposed by Mr. Glover were adopted and officers elected as 
follows : 

President, Henry Beers. Vice-presidents, David H. Johnson, Edward Starr 
and Samuel B. Peck. Secretary and Treasurer Henry Beers Glover. 
Trustees, Walter Clarke, Henry Beers Glover, David B. Beers, Theophilus 
Nichols, Jerome Judson, Henry Baldwin, Alva B. Beecher, Henry Sanford, 
Moses Parsons, Zerah Fairman, Samuel Curtis, James B. Blakeslee, Sallu 
P. Barnum, Monroe Judson, Charles F. Blakeslee and William Beard. 

The bank commenced business, September 15, 1855, in the office 
of Henry Beers Glover. The first depositors that day were Mr. 
Glover, Charles Henry Peck and his wife, Hannah D. F. Peck. 




SIMEON B. PECK 

See Page 2.37 



NEWTOWN SAVINGS BANK 237 

November 15, 1858, Theophilus Nichols was elected president for 
the ensuing year. November 5, 1859, Charles Warner was elected 
secretary and treasurer. October 20, 1860, Henry Beers was again 
elected president and Henry Beers Glover, secretary and treasurer. 
On this day, it was voted "that the president, vice-president and 
secretary be a committee to procure a safe for this bank at not 
exceeding $100." At this time the bank had $6,825.06 loaned on 
real-estate in other States, $3,500 of this amount being loaned in 
Milwaukee at 10 per cent. March 18, 1865, David H. Johnson was 
unanimously elected president in place of Henry Beers, deceased. 
In this year, more than one-half of the bank's deposits were invest- 
ed in United States bonds. At a special meeting, March 30, 1870, 
Henry T. Nichols was elected secretary and treasurer, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of Henry Beers Glover. In this year, 
the bank was moved from the residence of Mr. Glover to the home 
of Mr. Nichols, now the annex to Newtown Inn. November 5, 1870, 
Ezra Morgan was elected president. October 31, 1871, Simeon B. 
Peck was elected president. October 23, 1883, he having declined 
a re-election, Philo Clarke was elected president. 

At a special meeting, Aug. 6, 1887, Charles H. Northrop was elec- 
ted secretary and treasurer, to succeed Henry T. Nichols, deceased. 
August 31, 1887, the bank was moved from the residence of the late 
Mr. Nichols to an office in the Henry Sanford building. October 23, 
1897, John B. Peck was elected president in place of Philo Clarke, 
deceased. October 25, 1898, he was succeeded by Aaron Sanford 
and Arthur T. Nettleton was elected secretary and treasurer. Feb- 
ruary 25, 1902, David C. Peck was elected president, filling the 
vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Sanford. 

December 8, 1906, the old Academy lot, so called, between the 
Congregational parsonage and the residence formerly owned by 
David B. Beers, was purchased by the bank from Mrs. Emma S. 
Beers, of Natick, Mass. It has a frontage of 60 feet and a depth of 
120 feet. 

At a meeting of the trustees, December 15, 1906, it was voted 
that Arthur T. Nettleton, David C. Peck and Cornelius B. Taylor be 
a building committee to have plans and specifications prepared for 
the erection of a bank building on said lot. March 8, 1907, after 
hearing the report of said building committee, it was voted to pro- 
ceed with the erection of a new bank building on the lot recently 
purchased for the purpose. It was further voted that said building 
committee be authorized and empowered to make such contracts as 
they deemed proper and sufficient for the erection of said building 
and to have the supervision and direction of the work specified in 
contracts. The bids were opened in the spring of 1907, but were 
high and unsatisfactory and it was decided to defer building for a 
time. The matter was taken up again the latter part of 1908; con- 
tracts were let in March, 1909 and ground was first broken March 
15, 1909, by the treasurer, Arthur T. Nettleton. 

Joseph McArthur Vance of Pittsfield, Mass was the architect of 
the building and E. H. Shaw of Great Barrington, Mass, the con- 
tractor. The Barrington Building Co. had the sub-contract from 



238 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Mr. Shaw for the interior work. M. G. Keane of Bridgeport, Conn., 
furnished the granite and lime stone and E. J. Hall of Sandy Hook, 
Conn , the contract for the heating and plumbing. 

The vaults of the bank were built by the York Safe and Lock Co. 
of York, Pa., and are of massive construction. The building is of 
the modified French Renaissance type of architecture, 30 by 50 feet, 
and is constructed of Pompeian brick, trimmed with Indiana lime- 
stone and terra-cotta. 

May 5, 1910, the bank formally opened its doors for business in 
its new home. 

The first annual report of the bank, Oct. 1, 1855, showed deposits 
of $17,165.43. Oct. 1, 1918, the deposits were $1,391,942.79 and the 
surplus and undivided earnings on book and par value of securities 
were $121,639-50. The present officers and trustees of the bank 
are: 

President, David C. Peck; Vice-Presidents, Cornelius B. Taylor, John B. 
Wheeler and Theron E. Piatt. Secretary and Treasurer, Arthur T. Nettle- 
ton. Trustees, David C. Peck, John B. Wheeler, Theron E. Piatt, Cornelius 
B. Taylor, Henry G. Curtis, Hobart, H. Curtis, Frank Wright, Arthur T. 
Nettlcton, Edward S. Lovell, Robert C. Mitchell, Eli B. Beers, William B. 
Glover, William T. Cole, H. Carlton Hubbell, Arthur J. Smith and Thomas 
M. Holian. 

David C. Peck was first elected trustee, Oct. 23, 1883, and presi- 
dent, Feb., 25, 1902. Cornelius B. Tavlor was elected trustee, Oct. 
23, 1897, and vice-president, Oct. 25, '1902. John B. Wheeler, Oct. 
20, 1888, and a vice-president, Oct. 25, 1913 ;Theron E. Piatt, Oct. 
18, 1890, and a vice-president, Oct. 25, 1913. 

In this brief history of the Newtown Savings Bank, space does 
not permit biographies of the officers and trustees from 1855 to 
1919. Within this long period of time 59 have passed away. From 
this large number who have departed in the last few years are Wm. 
Homer Hubbell, trustee from Feb. 25, 1902, to Sept. 16, 1912 ; Daniel 
Glover Beers, trustee from Oct. 26, 1878, to Feb. 12, 1913 ; and a 
vice-president from Oct. 26, 1895, to Feb. 12, 1913; Austin B. Blake- 
man, trustee from Oct. 25, 1913, to Oct. 19, 1915; Judge William J. 
Beecher, attorney for the bank and trustee from Oct. 26, 1901, to 
Dec. 3, 1915, and William A. Leonard, trustee from Oct .25, 1902, to 
April 13, 1918. 

The following is a list of the Presidents, Treasurers and Trustees, 
with their terms of service, from incorporation of the bank to 
January 1, 1919. 

PRESIDENTS. 

Henry Beers, from August 25th, 1855, to November IS, 1858. 
Theophilus Nichols, Nov. 15, 1858, to October 20, 1860. 
Henry Beers, October, 20, 1860, to November 19, 1864. 
David H. Johnson, March 18, 1865, to November 5, 1870. 
Ezra Morgan, Nov. 5, 1870. to October 31st, 1871. 
Simeon B. Peck, October 31, 1871, to October 23. 1883. 
Philo Clarke, October 23. 1883, to March 3, 1897. 
John B. Peck, October 23, 1897. to October 25, 1898. 
Aaron Sanford. October 25. 1898, to February 10, 1902 
David C. Peck, February 25, 1902, to date (Jan. 1, 1919.) 




PHILO CLARKE 

See Page 238 




DAVID C. PECK 

See Page 238 



NEWTOWN SAVINGS BANK 239 

TREASURERS. 

Henry Beers Glover, August 25, 1855, to November 5, 1859. 
Charles C. Warner, November 5, 1859, to October 20, 1860. 
Henry Beers Glover, October 20, 1860 to March 26, 1870. 
Henry T. Nichols, March 30, 1870, to August 1, 1887. 
Charles H. Northrop, August 6, 1887, to October 25, 1898. 
Arthur Treat Nettleton, October 25, 1898, to date (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

TRUSTEES. 

Baldwin, Henry Aug. 25, 1855, to Oct. 28, 1865. 

Oct. 31, 1866, to Oct. 29, 1870. 
Barnum, S. P. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 14, 1857. 

Nov. 5, 1859, to 1861. 
Blakeslee.Chas. F. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 15, 1858. 
Blakeslee, James B. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 5, 1859. 

Oct. 26, 1861, to Oct. 26, 1863. 
Blackman, Bennet Oct. 31, 1866, to Oct. 19, 1870. 
Blackman, Joseph Oct. 31, 1866, to 1877. 
Blakeman,Austin B. Oct. 25, 1913, to Oct. 19, 1915. 
Beecher, Alva B. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 5, 1859. (Vice-President, 1860.) 

Oct. 26, 1861, to Oct. 25, 1867. 
Beecher.WilliamJ. Oct. 26, 1901, to Dec. 3, 1915. 
Beers, Henry Nov. 14, 1857, to November 19, 1864. 

Beers, Daniel G. Oct. 26, 1878, to Feb. 12, 1913. Also one of the Vice- 
Presidents from Oct. 26, 1895, to Feb. 12, 1913. 
Beers, Eli B. Oct. 24, 1903, to date (Jan. 1, 1919). 

Beers, David B. August 25, 1855 to Oct. 27, 1866. 
Beard William. Aug. 25, 1855, to July 29th, 1857. 

Booth, Lewis. Nov. 14, 1857, to Oct. 20, 1860. Oct. 21, 1861, to 1867. 

Booth, C. H. Oct. 20, 1860, to Oct. 21, 1861. Oct. 22, 1864 to 1866. 

Botsford, William Oct. 22, 1879, to Nov. 2nd 1898. 

Clarke, Walter. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 14, 1857. 

Clarke,Philo. Oct. 20, 1860, to March 3, 1897. 

Clarke, Edwin. Oct. 30, 1875, to Oct. 26, 1878. 

Curtis, Samuel. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 5, 1859. Oct. 31, 1863, to Oct. 27, 

1866. Oct. 31, 1871, to Oct. 31, 1872. 

Curtis, Henry G. Oct. 25, 1882, to Oct. 23, 1883. Oct. 23, 1897, to date. 

Curtis, Hobart H. Oct. 25, 1898, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Cole, William T. Oct. 24, 1914, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Erwin, Erastus. Oct. 28, 1865, to Oct. 29, 1870. 

Fairman, Zerah Aug. 25, 1855, to Oct. 20, 1860. 
Oct. 26, 1881, to Mar. 21, 1875. 
Fairchild, Herman Oct. 29, 1870, to May 29, 1874. 

Glover, Henry Beers Aug. 25, 1855, to March 26, 1870. 
Glover, Smith P. Oct. 30, 1875, to Oct. 26, 1878. 
Glover,WalterH. Oct. 28, 1899, to Jan. 16, 1901. 
Glover, William B. Oct. 26, 1912, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Hawley, Asa N. Oct. 26, 1887, to 1889. 
Hawley, Robert S. Oct. 28, 1885, to Oct. 27, 1887. 
Hubbell,Wm.HomerFeb. 25, 1902, to Sept. 16, 1912. 
Hubbell, H.Carlton Oct. 30, 1917, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 
Holian, Thomas M. Oct. 28, 1918, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Judson, Monroe. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 15. 1858. Oct. 20, 1860, to Oct. 26, 
1861. Oct. 27, 1866, to Oct. 29, 1870. Oct. 21, 1873. to 
March 28, 1898. 

Judson, Jerome Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 15, 1858. Oct. 21, 1881, to May 

15, 1891. 

Judson, John. Oct. 21, 1873, to Feb. 27, 1881. 



240 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Tohnson, David H. Oct. 20, 1860, to Oct. 26, 1861. (one of the Vice-Presi- 
dents, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864.) Re-elected Trustee Oct. 
27, 1862. Continued to Oct. 28, 1865. when he was 
elected President. Trustee Oct. 25, 1867, to Oct. 29,1870. 

Lovell, Edward S. Oct. 28, 1899, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 
Leonard,WilliamA. Oct. 25, 1902, to April 13, 1918. 

Mitchell, Robert C. Oct. 20, 1900, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Nichols, TheophilusAug. 25, 1855, to Oct. 27, 1862. 
Nichols, Henry T. March 30, 1870, to Oct. 26, 1878. 
Nichols, Philo. Oct. 23, 1883, to Oct. 24. 1914. 

Nortrop, Wm. N. Oct. 31, 1874, to Oct. 28, 1899. 
Northrop, Hosea B. Oct. 26. 1878, to Oct. 25, 1902. 
Northrop, Charles H.Oct. 28, 1885, to Oct. 28, 1899. 
Northrop, John J. Oct. 21. 1891. to Oct. 25, 1898. 
Nettleton,ArthurT. Nov. 17, 1898, to date. (Jan. 1. 1919.) 

Parsons, Moses. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 14, 1857. (Elected one of the 
Vice-Presidents, Nov. 14, 1857. Served one year. Vice- 
President from 1860 to 1868.) Trustee from Nov. 15, 
1858 to Oct. 31, 1874. 

Peck, Simeon B. Nov. 15, 1858, to June 6 ,1885. 

Peck, Hezekiah. Oct. 30. 1862, to Oct. 31, 1866. Oct. 30, 1869, to 1881. 

Peck, Amos G. Oct. 28, 1865, to Oct. 31, 1871. 

Peck, Charles Henry Oct. 29, 1870, to Oct. 26, 1878. 

Peck, Elliott M. Oct. 26. 1878. to Dec. 1, 1886. 

Peck, David C. Oct. 23, 1883, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Peck, John B. Oct. 27, 1887. to Dec. 2, 1899. 

Prindle, Abel B. Oct. 31, 1872, to Oct. 21. 1873. Oct. 27, 1887, to Oct. 20, 



Piatt, Theron E. Oct. 18, 1890, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Sanford, Henry. Aug. 25, 1855, to Nov. 19, 1882. 

Sanford, Frederick. Nov. 14, 1857, to Nov. 15, 1858. Nov. 5, 1859, to Oct. 26, 

1861. 
Sanford, Aaron. Oct. 31, 1871, to Feb. 10, 1902. 
Starr, Edward. Nov. 15, 1858, to Nov. 5, 1859. Oct. 27, 1862, to Oct. 22, 

1864. 
Skidmore, Philo H. Oct. 29, 1870, to Oct. 26, 1878. 
Stilson, Abel. Oct. 31. 1874. to 1886. 

Sherman, Cyrus B. Oct. 26, 1878, to Sept. 16, 1903. 
Smith, Arthur J. Oct. 30, 1917, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Terrill, Botsford. Nov. 14, 1857. to Oct. 26, 1861. 

Terrill, A. B. Nov. 15, 1858, to Nov. 5, 1859. Oct. 26, 1861 to Oct. 30, 

1875. 
Terrill, Wm. L. Oct. 28, 1865, to June 11. 1897. 

Taylor, Cornelius B.Oct. 23, 1897, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

Warner, Charles C. Oct. 20, 1860, to Oct. 27, 1862. Oct. 29, 1870, to 1884. 

Warner. James H. Oct. 26, 1878. to Oct. 22. 1879. 

Wheeler, John B. Oct. 20, 1888, to date (Tan. 1, 1919). 

Wright, Frank Oct. 25, 1898, to date. (Jan. 1, 1919.) 

FREE MASONRY IN NEWTOWN. 

The history of Hiram Lodge, No. 18. A. F. and A. M., is divided 
into two parts : 

The first period of its records begins with the order for the in- 
stitution of the lodge, dated at New Haven, Jan. 6th, 1791, and 
extends to April 15th, 1848. Its charter was revoked in 1851 and 
restored in 1866; accordingly, the second period of its active exist- 
ence dates from its revival in 1866 and continues until this present 




ARTHUR T. NETTLETON 

See Page 240 




CORNELIUS B. TAYLOR 

See Page 241 



FREE MASONRY IN NEWTOWN 241 

time. There are 57 years of ancient records and 51 years of modern, 
with a dormant space of 25 years between; the charter is, therefore, 
126 years old, 1917. 

The order for the consecration of Hiram Lodge, No. 18: 

"New Town A. D. 1791, 5791, January 17th, Monday. 

Hiram's Lodge Consecrated and the Worshipful Master Installed in due 
form by Right Worshipful Master Nathan Preston by virtue of a warrant 
from The Most Worshipful Grand Master of Connecticut, in the following 
words, i. e. — 

To the Right Worshipful Nathan Preston, Master of King Solomon's 
Lodge in Woodbury : 

Pierpont Edwards, Grand Master of the State of Connecticut, sendeth 
Greetings : 

Whereas the Grand Lodge of sd (State) have constituted a lodge in New- 
town (by the) name of Hiram Lodge and have (appointed) Brother Peter 
Nichols of said Newtown (to be Master) of said Hiram Lodge and said 
(brethren) have requested that the (said) Lodge should be (consecrated.) 

[Words in parenthesis ( ) doubtful.] 

I do therefore request and authorize to repair to said New Town on the 
third Monday inst. January and at such time and place in sd Newtown as 
said brother Nichols shall appoint to Install him in the presence of the said 
Lodge, first Master thereof, giving him the charges accustomed on such 
occasions and in particular that he regard the ancient land marks and 
great principles of the noble and blessed institution of Masonry — 

Given under my hand in New Haven the sixth day of January A. L. 5791 — 

Pierpont Edwards, 

Gd. Master." 

The original charter of this lodge, under which we are now work- 
ing, bears the date of January 19th, 1791, and reads as follows: — 

"To all and every one. Right Worshipful and loving brethren. Free and 
Accepted Masons, now residing, or that may hereafter reside in New Town 
in the county of Fairfield, and state of Connecticut. The right Worshipful 
Pierpont Edwards Esquire Grand Master of the Ancient and honorable 
society of Free and Accepted Masons in the State of Connecticut. 

Sendeth Greeting. 

Whereas, Application hath been made unto us by Peter Nichols, 
sundry other brethren, of the ancient and honorable Society of Free and 
Accepted Masons now residing in New Town aforesaid, that we would be 
pleased to constitute them into a regular Lodge and appoint their worthy 
brother Peter Nichols their first Master, and that also we would appoint 
Bennett Perry their first Senior Warden and Jonathan Prindle their first 
Junior Warden, with full power granted to them and their Successors, to 
rule govern and regulate the same that Masonry may increase & flourish 
in these parts. 

Now Know Ye, That we trusting and relying on the fidelity, resolution 
and good conduct, and putting in them as special trust, have nominated, 
ordained, constituted and appointed Mr. Peter Nichols our right Worship- 
ful & well beloved brother, to be the first Master of Hiram Lodge in 
Newtown aforesaid, and that our beloved brother Mr. Bennett Perry to 
the first Senior Warden, & our beloved brother Mr. Jonathan Prindle the 
first Junior Warden of said Lodge and we do hereby impower him the 
said Master to congregate the brethren together, and form them into a 
regular Lodge, he taking Especial care in choosing the necessary officers 
for the due regulation thereof for one year, at the end thereof the Lodge 
shall have full power to choose and appoint their Master, & other officers 
and so annually: The Master and Wardens for the time being taking 
especial care that all and every Member admitted into sd Lodge from time 
to time have been or shall be made Regular Masons, and they the said 



242 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Master, Wardens and brethren of said Lodge and their successors forever, 
are hereby required strictly to observe and obey such ordinances, and reg- 
ulations as shall from time to time be communicated to them from this 
Grand Lodge, agreeable to the Constitution thereof, and that they do an- 
nually send an account in writing to the Grand Lodge of the names of the 
Members that shall be made, passed, raised, or admitted in said Lodge, and 
their places of abode, & the day and place of making, with any other that 
they think proper to communicate for the benefit of their Lodge, and 
lastly that they do regularly communicate with the Grand Lodge by at- 
tending with their Master & Wardens or by sending to the half yearly 
Communications such Charities as their Lodge shall think fit, (for the) 
for the relief of poor brethren. 

Given under our hands and seal at New Haven this 19th day of Jan- 
uary Anno Lucis five thousand seven hundred ninety one. 

Elias Shipman, Grand Scc'ry. 

Pierpont Edwards." 

Dated Newtown 

May 10th A. L. 5791—" 

In this connection, and before proceeding with the direct history of 
Hiram Lodge, No. 18, I will insert here a copy of what appears to be an 
ofl[iciaI communication from the Master of the original Hiram }>Iark Lodge 
to the first Master of this Lodge. It is interesting and valuable as showing 
to what extent the spirit of Freemasonry was abroad in this part of the 
country, and as marking the beginning of Royal Arch Masonry in Connect- 
icut, in the institution of Hiram Chapter, No. 1 : 

"Bro. Nichols, you are requested to Inform the Grand Lodge that Holland 
Mark Lodge in New York have granted a Dispensation & Installed Officers 
for a Hiram Mark Lodge in New Town — and all so that the Holland 
Chapter of Roj^al Arch Masons in New York have granted their dispen- 
sation & Charter to certain Royal Arch Alasons in Newtown & Installed 
them in the several offices of the Chapter of Royal Arch Masons 
in Newtown — & that the sd Mark Lodge & Roj-al Arch Chapter are at 
present unable to open their Chapter in so decent a manner as may be 
necessary & therefore we hope the Grand Lodge will not exact the accust- 
omed dues from Hiram Lodge — but assist the sd Mark Lodge & Chapter 
of Royal Arch with part of the dues from Hiram Lodge — 

David Baldwin, Master." 

The earliest records of this Lodge, and of Hiram Chapter are of 
great interest and value, and they should be preserved with care, 
and without delay. In the nature of the case they supplement and 
illustrate the history of each other, the Lodge and the Chapter, and 
may serve to throw light upon many subjects of personal and 
famil}^ life. 

The members of the Chapter Avere largely from the roll of Hiram 
Lodge ; and the places of meeting have probably been the same, 
without exception. At first, as we have seen, the communications 
were held in Bro. Bennett Perry's house, at Newtown — in Newtown 
street, as we would say, or as we should say, perhaps, now the 
Borough ; where it continued to meet until October 5, 1821, when 
it began to assemble at Bro. Czar Keeler's Lodge rooin, and appar- 
ently was located there, in a private house which stood just north of 
Mrs. W. J. Beecher's residence, until Nov. 5, 1823, when it was 
removed to \Vm. Blakesley's Lodge room, which was probably the 
ball room in the Blakesley house at the head of the street. 

It may be said in authority, I think, that Bennett Perry's house 
was that later known as Dick's Hotel, the site of which is now 
occupied by the Newtown Inn. 

And so in the records of Hiram Chapter, No. 1, we find it meeting 




AIASOXIC TEMPLE 

See Page 242 



FREE MASONRY IN NEWTOWN 243 

in "Bennett Perry's Lodge Room," 1797-1818, and later it is called 
"Bennett Perry's Chapter Room." The Chapter also met in Czar 
Keeler's Room, and Dec. 12, 1823, "At the Chapter Room at Wm. 
Blakesley's." 

It is worthy of note at this i)oint, that Mrs. Sarah Grace Glover, 
daughter of William Blakesley, found in the attic of the Blakesley 
house what is probably the original altar of lliram Lodge, and a 
few years ago presented it to us, and it is here, in this hall. 

The oil painting of the Trestle Board hanging in the East, was 
also discovered some years ago stowed away in a barn, and fortun- 
ately brought to light, retouched and saved to us as a relic, and a 
token of the zeal and enthusiasm of our ancient brethren of 
Newtown. 

October 14, 1824, there was a movement made to build a Masonic 
Hall. "Voted, that the Master Lodge agree to build a Masonic 
Hall provided that the Chapter will defray one-half of the expense." 
Later it was "Voted that Brothers Theophilus Nichols, Henry 
Button & Alexander Hall be a committee to act with the committee 
appointed to contract and build the Masonic Hall the above Com- 
mittee, to meet and confer with the committee appointed by the 
Chapter for the above purpose." And June 1, 1825, "Voted that 
this Lodge be adjourned to the Saturday previous to St. John's at 
3 o'clock P. M.; and Voted that Brothers Tousey, John Nash & 
Macpherson Sherman be a committee to move the furniture of the 
Lodge to the new hall." 

I have seen no mention of any dedication, but it is interesting to 
think that about this time 82 years ago, this Lodge was making 
itself a new home very much as it is this day. 

The Lodge was incorporated by special act of the General Assem- 
bly the first Wednesday in May, 1825; and June 7, 1826, it was 
voted to get the Hall insured for $500. 

This Hall was sold by vote of the Lodge, April 15, 1848, to D. H. 
Belden, Esq., for one hundred dollars, and all the personal property 
was disposed of. Our town historian, Mr. E. L. Johnson, holds 
the opinion that this building became what is now the dwelling 
house belonging to the Misses Julia and Lillian Dikeman. 

The men who founded this Lodge were real enthusiastic Masons. 
They were trying to be men. There was an earnestness and dignity 
in their proceeding which indicate a deep sense of obligation to 
each other, and a genuine reverence for the science of morality; 
they made some effort to be of use to one another. "Brotherly 
love, relief and truth" were not mere high sounding words to them. 
To use their oft repeated form of speech : Masonry was an 
"Antient, Noble and Royal Art." And they expected and required 
true masonic conduct and character in the brethren. 

They aimed at real self improvement by having lectures, orations, 
and other addresses. They met to listen to sermons on the anni- 
versary of St. John Baptist, and on St. John Evangelist's Day, 
November 23, 1791, it was "Voted that we invite the Lodges of 
Danbury, Woodbury, Huntington, Stratford & Newfield to attend 
with this Lodge at the celebration of St. John on the 27th of Decem- 



244 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

ber next." And a committee was appointed "to confer with the Rev. 
Philo Perry to preach a sermon on sd day." The Rev. Philo Perry 
was the rector of Trinity Parish, and a member of Hiram Chapter, 
No. 1, R. A. M. 

It should be noted that some of the most prominent citizens of 
Newtown were members of this ancient Lodge. Of the founders 
we know very httle. Peter Nichols, the first blaster, was born in 
1732. died in 1799. and was the great-grandfather of Philo Nichols, 
formerly an active member. His name appears in the History of 
the Grand Lodge as a delegate from the Stratford Lodge to a con- 
ference of Lodges, April, 1783, to consider the organization of the 
Grand Lodge of Connecticut. 

Bennett Perry was a doctor of" medicine, and Jonathan Prindle, 
the grandfather of the late Abel Prindle, was a tailor by trade. 

Nichols and Prindle and Sanford and Glover and Blackman are 
names that have come down through the century of our history, 
and are with us to-day. The first Junior Warden Avas Prindle, and 
the present Junior Warden is Prindle, 'though not of the same 
family. 

David Baldwin, who spent his whole life in Newtown. 1758-1811, 
and was very active in Masonic circles, is described in the Fairfield 
County Record as "A merchant ; a prominent and leading man ; a 
militia general and popularly known as 'General.' " 

Judge Samuel C. Blackman was a notable man in his day ; attor- 
ney David H. Belden was another. The Rev. Daniel Burhans, 31 
years rector of Trinity church, was an active Mason. 

Asa Chapman, a Newtown man. was Master of this Lodge in 
1800. and attended the session of the Grand Lodge. He was the head 
of the Chapman Law school, and judge of the Supreme Court of 
this State ; and his son, Charles Chapman, a distinguished lawyer, 
was a member of Congress and district attorney ; and Henry 
Dutton. Master of this Lodge in 1827, was judge of the Supreme 
Court of Connecticut, and the governor of the State. 

As to the causes of the revival of this ancient Lodge I can do no 
more, nor better, than to quote from the preface of the second book 
of Records : "It was a long time before Masonry revived in New- 
town — not until the j'ears 1860-6, when a decided reaction took 
place. Perhaps one of the great incentives to this was the war, 
which was about to be and was fought during those years. 

"Two new Lodges had been organized, one at Bethel and one at 
Monroe, to which members were added from Newtown." 

It was through Eureka, No. 83, that the Charter was restored. 
Quoting from the Historical sketch of that Lodge — which has 
ever been a good brother to us : "April 3, 1866, a motion was 
passed to recommend the brethren of Newtown to the Grand 
Lodge, for granting them a dispensation, charter or warrant, em- 
powering them to work as a regular Lodge." 

"This petition was granted by the Grand Lodge at its annual 
communication, May, 1866, at New Haven." 




CAPT. JULIUS SAXFORD 

First Master Hiram Chapter 
See Page 245 




LOUIS T. BRISCOE 



Past Master of Hiram Lodge No. 18 
High Priest of Hiram Cliapter No. 1 



FREE MASONRY IN NEWTOWN 245 

Bro. Julius Sanford was first Master, Bro. Wm. L. Horr the first 
S. W., Bro. George Woffenden, first J. W. 

The first place of meeting was fitted up by Bro. Julius Sanford, 
in his building by the roadside, near the Foundry pond, in which 
the first installation of ofiicers was held June 25, 1866. 

In 1873 the Lodge was removed to the Hall owned by Bro. 
Smith P. Glover, where it continued until the building was des- 
troyed by fire May 31, 1905, when it found temporary accommoda- 
tions in Minott Augur's Hall, over the Sandy Hook Market. 

June 21, 1906, it was voted to build a new Masonic Hall, pro- 
vided the money could be raised. The money was raised, and 
Brothers A. M. Brisco, L. C. Morris, C. P. Northrop, S. A. Blackman 
and G. A. Northrop served as the building committee. 

The amount of the contract was $2,949.50. 

The Hall being completed, or nearly so, the Lodge moved into it 
Nov. 21, 1906. It is paid for and has been dedicated as the perman- 
ent home of Hiram Lodge, No. 18, Hiram Chapter, No. 1, R. A. M. 
and Jephtha Chapter, No. 51, Order of the Eastern Star. 

In the "Guide to the Royal Arch Chapter," by John Sheville, P. G. 
H.P. of New Jersey, and James L. Gould, P. G. H. P. of Connecticut, 
it is stated that, 'At what time or by whom Royal Arch Masonry as 
a separate rite was introduced into the United States has never yet 
been settled.' 

'Prior to the organization of any Grand Chapters there existed 
in the City of New York two Chapters, one known as the Old 
Chapter and the other called Washington Chapter, the origin or 
early history of which has never been published. The latter body, 
Washington Chapter, issued charters to a number of subordinate 
Chapters, in which charters it styled itself 'The Mother Chapter.' 
From this body originated the first Chapters of Rhode Island and 
Connecticut. The first Chapter in Connecticut was called Hiram 
Chapter, No. 1, and located at Newtown in Fairfield County. 

"Five other Chapters were instituted in Connecticut under the 
authority of this Washington Chapter : Franklin Chapter, No. 2, 
New Haven; Washington, No. 3, Middletown; Franklin, No. 4, 
Norwich ; Solomon, No. 5, Derby, and Vanden Broeck, No. 5, at 
Colchester. 

"The first convention of Chapters in Connecticut was held on the 
first Wednesday of July, 1796, at Hartford, in which all the Chap- 
ters above named were represented by delegates, except Franklin 
Chapter, at New Haven. A regular organization was perfected and 
articles of agreement were entered into for the government of the 
several Chapters in this State. Another convention was held 
October 20, 1796. at New Haven, of which David Baldwin (of 
Newtown) was chairman." 

The same writer says : "So far as I can learn, this was the first 
governing body in Royal Arch Masonry organized in the United 
States." 

THE CHARTER OF HIRAM MARK LODGE. 

"At a meeting of Holland Mark Lodge held in Holland Lodge 
Room in the city of New York on Thursday the twenty-eighth day 



246 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

of April A, L. 5791. Present, the Worshipful Master and other 
officers of the Lodge. Whereas, our Brother Andrew Beers, in 
behalf of himself and sundry other brethern, did. on the 11th day of 
February last, present a Memorial to this Lodge praying to with- 
draw themselves as members thereof with an intention to hold a 
Lodge of Master Mark Masons at Newtown, in the County of 
Fairfield, and state of Connecticut, and the prayer of the said mem- 
orial having been granted. 

"Now Be It Known, that by virtue of the power regularly com- 
mitted to us, we have in ample form constituted these our well 
beloved brethren into a regular Lodge of Master Mark Masons by 
the name and stile of Hiram Mark Lodge and installed the several 
officers into their respective stations in the manner we have receiv- 
ed it, to wit : 

"The Worshipful Brother Andrew Beers, Master ; Brother David 
Baldwin, Sen. Warden, and by proxy. Brother Nathan Douglass, 
Junior Warden of the said Lodge. 

"In witness whereof, we the three presiding officers of Holland 
Mark Lodge have hereunto set our hands, and caused the seal of 
Holland Lodge to be hereunto affixed. 

"John Pintard, Master, 
"John Abrams, Senr., Warden, 

"Attest, I. Tivorback, Secretary." 

"Samuel Low, Junr., Warden. 

— Hiram Mark Lodge. — 

The first presiding officers were appointed by Holland Mark 
Lodge, viz : 

Andrew Beers, W. M. 
David Baldwin, S. W. 
Nathan Douglass, J. W. 

CHARTER 

Copy of the Original Charter of Hiram Chapter, No. 1, Royal 
Arch Masons, Newtown, Connecticut. 

At a Washington Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, held in Holland 
Lodge Room in the City of N. York, on Friday, the twenty-ninth 
day of April, A. L. 5791. 

Whereas our Brother Andrew Beers, in behalf of himself and sundry 
other brethren, residing in the State of Connecticut, did on the nineteenth 
day of March last, present a Memorial to this Chapter, praying to with- 
draw themselves as Members thereof, with an intention to hold a chapter 
of the Royal Arch in Newtown, in the County of Fairfield, in the State of 
Connecticut, aforesaid; and the prayer of the said Memorial having been 
granted : 

Now be it known that by virtue of the power regularly committed to us, 
we have in ample form, constituted these our well-beloved Brethren into 
a regular Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, and installed the several Officers 
into their respective stations, in the manner we have received it, to wit: 

The Most Worshipful Brother Andrew Beers, H. P., the Right Worshipful 
Brother David Baldwin, K. g., and the Right Worshipful Brother 
Oliver Peck S 

In witness whereof we the three Presiding Officers of Washington 



FREE MASONRY IN NEWTOWN 247 

Chapter have hereunto set our hands and caused the Seal of the said 
Chapter to be affixed. Jos. Ogden Hofifman, H.P.W.C.R.A.M. 

George Anthon, K. W. C. R. A. M. 
Attest: Asher (?) Collins, Sec'y- Martin Hofifman, S. W. C. R. A. M. 

Andrew Beers, whose name appears in the Charter of Hiram 
Mark Lodge, and in the Charter of Hiram Chapter, No. 1, was made 
in New York. He was the first Master of Hiram Mark Lodge and 
continued as such until after June 31, 1793. He was the first H. P. 
of this Chapter, by appointment, but his name does not appear on 
the records, such as we have, after the signing of the By-Laws, 
March 3d, 1792. 

David Baldwin, 1758-1811, who was made in New York and be- 
longed to Holland Mark Lodge, and was a member of Washington 
Chapter, and was one of the petitioners for a Mark Lodge, and 
Royal Arch Chapter in Newtown, was the first S. W. of Hiram 
Mark Lodge and the first King of Hiram Chapter, No. 1 — was H. P. 
"for a series of years successively," to use his own language, until 
the election of officers Sept. 6, 1810. He was many years W. M. of 
Hiram Mark Lodge, and of Hiram Lodge, No. 18. And as has 
already been stated, represented this Chapter at the organization 
of the Grand Chapter of Connecticut, of which he was Grand Scribe, 
1807 ; Grand King, 1808 ; and Deputy Grand High Priest in 1809. 

Samuel C. Blackman, who was Master of Hiram Lodge, No. 18, 
1803-1808, was several times Master of Hiram Mark Lodge; many 
times High Priest of this Chapter; Grand Secretary 1806, 1807 and 
1808; Grand Scribe 1809, 1810 and 1811; and Deputy Grand High 
Priest, 1812 and 1813. 

"Hiram Chapter, No. 1, continued prosperously until the year 
1835, which is the date of the last record, when the officers were 
duly elected, and for several years after was represented at the 
annual convocations of the Grand Chapter, but eventually was 
obliged to give up its charter. At the May Session in 1870 this 
Chapter was revived, and a new charter issued, under the name 
of Hiram Chapter, No. 1, the old Charter having been lost, since 
which time it has continued comparatively prosperous." 

It should be said here that the Original Charter which was lost, 
was found, and is now in the safe-keeping of the Chapter; and that 
photographic copies of the same have been made. 

Contributed by Rev. O. O. Wright. 

Order of the Eastern Star. 

Jephthah Chapter, No. 51, Order of the Eastern Star, was insti- 
tuted on the evening of Oct. 5, 1899, and constituted, Dec. 7, 1899, at 
Sandy Hook, in the rooms occupied by Hiram Lodge, No. 18, A. F. 
and A. M. 

Monthly meetings were held there until the morning of May 31, 
1905, when a fire destroyed the entire building. Temporary accom- 
modations were found in the old G. A. R. Hall, until Dec. 14, 1906, 
when the Chapter held regular meetings in a new building erected 
by Hiram Lodge, No. 18, until April 9, 1910, when the Chapter 
surrendered its charter to the Grand Chapter of Connecticut, owing 
to the loss of many members by death and removal. 

Contributed by Miss Jennie Briscoe. 



248 ^-E^VTO^^'x•s history and historl\n 



THE RUBBER INDUSTRY. 

The beginning of this industry in Sandy Hook, was in a building 
now in the rear of Corbett and Crowe's store, where Nelson Good- 
vear and Henry Alden made rubber coats in 1S41-42. Later, they 
moved into Dick and Sanford's satinet factory by the bridge. 

Josiah Tomlinson. whose wife was sister of Charles Goodyear, 
owner of the rubber patents of that day, then commenced work in 
the Glen. Charles Goodyear was born in New Haven, but spent 
much time in Sandy Hook, experimenting, in connection with his 
discover^- in 1839 of the vulcanization of rubber. Tomlinson failed 
and \Vm. B. Glover, who underwrote him, lost heavily, but paid 
dollar for dollar. 

He was succeeded by Frame and Grecian, then in 1846 by the 
N. Y. Belting and Packing Co. Its history is inseparable from that 
of the rubber industry-. The company was founded at a time when 
little was known of vulcanized rubber beyond the crude result 
of the experiments of Charles Goodyear and the development of 
the industn.-. as it pertains to goods for mechanical purposes almost 
from its inception to its present enormous proportions, has devolv- 
ed largely upon this company. 

The accidental discover}.- of vulcanization by Charles Goodyear, 
and his subsequent experiments, gave a wonderful impetus to its 
developm.ent. Rubber at once became an essential in the sciences, 
in manufacturing and in domestic life, and now forms one of the 
^eat industries of modem times. 

Dr. Werner Esch. said in 1912. in a "Hand Book of 
India Rubber." ''The discover}- of the process of vulcanization by 
Charles Goodyear in 1839 was not. as is often said, a matter of 
chance, but the outcome of years of investigation. Goodyear, like 
many other inventors, kept on dabbling with rubber, in spite of 
numerous failures, and tried mixing all sorts of substances v.-ith 
rubber. It always was his intention to make an invention and, as 
a result of the experience gained by experiments, he knew, when 
observing the ettect of heat on a mixture of rubber and sulphur, 
that the heating was the essential factor in the process. It is a 
matter for admiration to see how this man, overwhelmed w-ith ideas 
and hard-pressed, pursued working out his invention. The way in 
which he worked it out is clearly demonstrated by his first publi- 
cation on his method for the metallisation of rubber, in which he 
gave sufiicient instructions for the technical preparation of perfect 
rubber goods. And these instructions for the manufacture of soft 
rubber have, even up to the present time, lost no essential part of 
their technical importance in any of those methods of vulcanization 
devised by Goodyear's inventions." By the discovery, Charles 
Goodyear enriched the world, but he himself lived and died poor. 

In 1856, the factory* was destroyed by fire, but was immediately 
re-built. The same year, Mr. Dennis C. Gately was made superin- 
tendent. He had had an experience of several years with the 
Boston Belting Co. and had been associated with Mr. Cheever, 




2: 



!-: '^ 



x 



— z 




DENNTS C. GATELY 

See Page 248 




WILLIAM T. COLE 

See Page 248 



THE RUBBER INDUSTRY 249 

treasurer of the N. Y. Belting and Packing Co. Under his super- 
vision, the business increased rapidly to large proportions. A year 
in his younger days with a noted chemist had given him sufficient 
knowledge of chemistry to aid his inventive genius, and he made 
valuable inventions. The products manufactured included, besides 
the largest belts in the world for machinery, the smallest sizes for 
use ; hose for fire-engines, gardening and various other uses ; wagon 
and car springs ; solid vulcanite emery-wheels ; corrugated matting 
and mats ; etc., a full list of which would make a formidable cata- 
logue. 

Too much emphasis cannot be placed upon the influence of Mr. 
Gately and that of his family for good upon the community. The 
enlarging of the business meant the influx of a large number of 
families, who were helped to obtain homes in the vicinity. Walnut 
Tree Hill became populated to such an extent that school privileges 
were necessary. Pohtatuck school-house, though enlarged, was not 
sufficient. Through the influence of Mr. Gately, the town voted to 
form a new district, and for many years a flourishing school was 
kept in the new Walnut Tree Hill district. Many young men and 
women have filled places of responsibility in dififerent communities 
whose start in life beyond the home was in Walnut Tree Hill school. 

There were many sad hearts when, in 1884, Mr. Gately left the 
beautiful home in the Glen for the new home at Mamaroneck, N. Y. 

Universal sorrow was expressed when, in 1900, it was announced 
that N. Y. Belting and Packing Co. was to move its business to 
Passaic, N. J. Many families went with them, while some, who had 
made for themselves pleasant homes, remained, hoping that some 
other industry would take the plant. Mr. I. Percy Blackman, a 
Newtown boy who commenced work with them in 1876, went with 
them and is now their superintendent, with a force of 1200 hands. 
In 1916, they turned out over 12,000,000 pounds of rubber goods. 
Thanks are due to Mr. I. Percy Blackman for some of this informa- 
tion, also to Mr. Anthony Patch, oldest resident of Sandy Hook. 

By the courtesy of Mr. W. T. Cole, president of the Fabric Fire 
Hose Co., the following information is given as a sequel to the 
removal of the N. Y. Belting Co. to Passaic N. J. 

"The Fabric Fire Hose Co., formerly of Warwick, N. Y. by virtue 
of its affiliations with the United States Rubber Co., of which parent 
organization the New York Belting and Packing Co., was also a 
subsidiary, acquired the Sandy Hook property, formerly occupied 
by the New York Belting and Packing Co., and the entire plant of 
machinery operated by the Fabric Fire Hose Co., of Warwick since 
1880 was transferred to the so-called lower mill at Sandy Hook in 
the spring of 1901. The company also brought with its plant a 
number of its old employees." 

The upper mill, or "Dutch Shop," was operated for several years 
as a rubber reclaiming plant, which was discontinued in 1915 and 
succeeded by the Premier Mfg. Co., Charles S.Cole and George A. 
Gauthier, Proprietors ; manufacturers of high class machine tools ; 
and for the first time in history the Dutch Shop parted from its 
identity with rubber. 



250 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



THE NEWTOWN BEE. 

The Bee owes its origin to John T. Pearse of Bethel, Conn. 

Started as an experiment, it quickly gained a hold upon the New- 
town public and was enlarged, though always known to printers as 
a "patent outside" — which means that two of its four pages were 
printed by a New York firm that supplied the same reading matter 
to local publishers in different places. Mr. Pearse had a "nose for 
news," as Samuel Bowles of the Springfield Republican used to say, 
but was not fitted for a publisher, as he was non-resident, living 
at Bethel; was eccentric, now suspending the Bee's issue, then 
transferring the paper to another and again taking it to his own 
hands. The Newtown Chronicle was meanwhile started by James 
E. Madigan, and the Winter of 1880-81 found the Bee apparently 
driven from the field for good, as its 300 or more subscribers looked 
in vain for the paper, and its effects in the room over Daniel Camp's 
plunil)ing shop were heavily mortgaged to Henry Sanford, the vil- 
lage merchant. Reuben Hazen .Smith, formerly editor of the Water- 
bury American, was then exchange editor on the Springfield Re- 
publican, to which duty had been added that of telegraph editor on 
the Sunday edition, just begun. Chafing under enforced violation 
of the 4th commandment, he was looking about for a loophole of 
escape. His brother, Henry called attention to the Bee, which- 
ended in its purchase and the removal of the Smith family to the 
Fairchild place in South Center. It was no easy task mastering the 
old Washington hand press and the second-hand type white with 
lye, and the first revived issue in April of 1881 was hardly legible, 
but was kindly wrapped for the mail in the hospitable dining room 
of E. Levan Johnson. How much the Bee owes the generous hand, 
active brain and fertile pen of that prince among men only Heaven 
can reveal. 

Grit and spunk, aided by Charles B. Johnson, Frank Wright, Rob- 
ert D. Smith (the Bee Man's loyal brother), Robert C. Mallette, 
two other brothers, Allison P. Smith and Arthur J. Smith, finally 
won out. Rev. Charles H. Smith came for a little in the early 
.struggle and proved what personal canvass could do to add funds 
and make subscribers friends, and that able financier, Arthur J. 
Smith, later laid the bed-rock of paying advertising. At one time, 
the Bee Man knew every subscriber, excepting those on the distant 
mail list, personally, and he closed one year with all but three or 
four subscriptions paid in advance and those three or four assured. 

This personal work, involving miles of walk and early and late 
hours, was what turned the Bee from a loss into a valuable asset, 
finally capitalized at $500 in the incorporated Bee Publishing Co. 
Another financial spur was the early purchase of the Chronicle for 
$300, giving the Bee an advertising grip that it has never lost, 
though the rates were raised when subscriptions topped 1000 and 




REUBEN H. SMITH 

See Page 250 




ALLISUX V. SMITH 

See Page 250 




ARTHUR J. SMITH 

See Page 251 




NEWTOWN BEE 

See Page 250 



THE NEWTOWN BEE 251 

again when they passed the 2000 mark. The poHcy of the Bee Man 
was sim])ly that of l>urns— "A man's a man for a' tliat," with its ir- 
resistible resultant that whatever concerned him and his, no matter 
how trivial, was of interest to that circle anrl ueit^litxirhood. So 
the Bee, without flourish or literary effort, banned gossip, grudges, 
hate and scandal as far as possible and spread from district to dis- 
trict, from town to town, George F. Buncombe being finally called 
in to aid in the canvass. The Bee Man claimed absolute and fearless 
action personally and so temporarily angered Republican friends 
by being an independent Republican in Cleveland's day and dared 
to be the only man to vote no license in his precinct. At the flood- 
tide of success, the failure of the health and heart of Mrs. Smith, 
whose loyal support made success a double joy, led the Bee Man to 
drop it all in October of 1892 and flee to California with his family. 
Newtown gained two things with the Bee Man's help, its Grange 
and eventually, the wiping out of its house of ill-fame on Taunton 
Lake. The latter, assaulted by Rev. J. P. Hoyt, could only be ban- 
ished, it seemed, by buying the property and turning it into a home, 
C. B. Taylor, Levi C. Morris, Charles Nichols and other friends of 
righteousness and pure living endorsing the note on which the New- 
town bank advanced the funds. The Bee shared its owner's pros- 
perity, a new Campbell press and new type making the paper easier 
to issue and more readable when issued, when it moved to the quar- 
ters over the post-office, then owned by Town Clerk and Merchant 
L. B. Booth. A gasoline engine also took the place of the hard 
labor of John Griggs, beloved sexton of the Congregational Church 
and of Frederick Andrews. 

The controlling interest in the Bee Publishing Co. property and 
business was sold by Reuben H. Smith to his brothers, Allison P. 
Smith and Arthur J. Smith, in October, 1892. A. P. Smith became 
president and editor, and A. J. Smith, treasurer and general man- 
ager. Six years later, Henry M. Smith of Hartford, another bro- 
ther, entered the employ of the Bee Publishing Co., as general 
agent. A year later he was sold an interest in the business, and 
was made vice-president and general agent. As a result of the 
united efifort of the three brothers, the circulation of the Bee was 
increased from about 2200 to something over 4000. In October, 
1903, the present building occupied by The Bee Publishing Co. was 
erected. Some years later a new press and linotype machines were 
installed. Owing to ill health, Henry M. Smith was forced to re- 
tire from the business about four years ago, to the sincere regret 
of his associates. 

It will be observed from the above that the Messrs. A. P. and 
A. J. Smith have about completed 25 years of service on the Bee. 
During that period they have seen almost every newspaper prop- 
erty in Western and Southern Connecticut change hands from one 
to six times. 

Contributed by Reuben Hazen Smith and Allison P. Smith. 



252 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



POHTATUCK GRANGE. 

Pohtatuck Grange, No. 129, P. of H., was organized, March 9, 
1892, by State Deputy J. H. Blakeman of Housatonic Grange, 
Stratford. There were 19 charter members: 

Mr. and Mrs. Zalmon S. Peck, Mr. and Airs. S. T. Botsford, Mr. and Mrs. 
W. C. Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben H. Smith, Lemuel Glover, W. H. 
Glover, J. J. Schermerhorn, H. C. Beers, A. O. Bierce, C. B. Johnson, L. M. 
Johnson, Fred Chambers, E. S. Lovell and two others not mentioned in the 
record. The following officers were chosen : 

Master, Z. S. Peck; Overseer, S. J. Botsford; Lecturer, R.H.Smith; Stew- 
ard, H. C. Beers; Asst. Steward, A. O. Bierce; Chaplain, W. C. Johnson; 
Treasurer, W. H. Glover; Secretarj-, J. J. Schermerhorn; Gate Keeper, E. S. 
Lovell; Ceres, Mrs. Z. S. Peck; Pomona, Mrs. S. J. Botsford; Flora, Mrs. 
R. H. Smith; L. A. Steward, Mrs. W. C. Johnson. 

The meeting for organization was held in Fireman's Hall, which 
was over the Savings Bank in the Sanford Building. As this room 
was not suited to the needs of the Grange, a committee was appoint- 
ed to look up a hall. 

The officers elected at this meeting were installed by Deputy 
Blakeman, assisted by S. C. Lewis, Asst. Steward of the Conn. 
State Grange. 

The Grange was held at houses of different members until a room 
over L. C. Morris's store was leased and was occupied for over 20 
years, being twice enlarged to meet the needs of the rapidly grow- 
ing Grange. 

The first class initiated: 

Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Beers, Geo. A. Northrop, E. F. Northrop, Homer W. 
Baldwin, Mrs. J. J. Schermerhorn, C. M. Parsons, Mrs. Walter Glover, 
Letty J. Stoddard and Mrs. E. L. Johnson joined later. 

It evidently made some attempt at co-operative buying, for we 
find that for some time a purchasing agent was elected annually. 
The order was also on very fraternal relations with the neighboring 
granges, for frequent mention is made of visits paid to and received 
from Harmony Grange, No. 92, of Monroe; Housatonic Grange, 
No. 99, Stratford, and others. Fairfield Co. Pomona Grange was 
first entertained by Pohtatuck Grange, Oct. 28, 1896. Nor has it 
been selfish in its activities, but has done much for its home com- 
munity, and we believe Newtown is the better because this Grange 
has existed in its midst for 25 years. 

In 1894, a Fourth of July celebration was held under its auspices. 
Oct. 10, of the same year, a Grange Fair was held in the Town Hall. 
There were exhibits of farm products, a ladies' industrial depart- 
ment, exhibits by merchants and manufacturers, also of cattle and 
horses. This Fair was such a success that one was held annually 
until it became merged into the Newtown Agricultural Fair, at 
which the Grange offered pretniums. The Farmers Institute was 
an annual event. Many plays and entertainments have been held 
under its auspices, which have been a benefit to the community 
as well as of financial aid to the Grange. 

At one time the order numbered about 80 members, but in later 
years the membership was depleted by death, by removal from 




ZALMOX S. I'l'XK 



First Master of Pohtatuck Grange 
See Pages 171 and 252 



POHTATUCK GRANGE 253 

town and other causes. In 1914, the hall, with all its contents, 
was destroyed by fire, and it was with some difficulty that a new 
home was found and the lost property replaced. At present it 
meets in Firemen's Hall where it was at first organized. The mem- 
bers now number about fifty, many of whom are young people 
deeply interested in its work. 

THE LIST OF PAST MASTERS 

Z. S. Peck, S. J. Botsford. W. H. Glover, C. B. Johnson. Edgar Northrop, 
K. L. Coleman, C. M. Beresford, Mrs. F. W. Mitchell. J. J. Northrop. A. P. 
Smith. W. B. Glover, Austin Botsford, W. N. Mitchell and Mrs W. N. 
Mitchell. 

Contributed by Mrs. W. N. Mitchell. 



THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY OF OUR MOTHERS 

This article was written about twenty years ago, by Mrs. E. L. Johnson, 
by request of the Lecturer of Pomona Grange, and read by her at a meet- 
ing of the Grange in Stratford, Conn. Discrepancy in dates is due to par- 
tial revision by the writer, who will be, April 6, 1919, 82 years old. 

I am asked to give a reminiscence of our inothers' housekeeping 
arrangements, and of the conditions under which they worked; 
how they preserved and what they preserved ; how their dealings 
with the butcher, the baker and the candle as well as the candle- 
stick maker differed from ours ; how their kitchen conveniences 
compared with ours, etc. 

Nothing more fascinating to me could have been assigned as 
subject of a paper, and yet, I undertake it with the feeling that it 
must necessarily be so closely connected with my own home 
experiences during childhood, as to seem to many, perhaps intensely 
egotistical. 

The house which comes most vividly to my mind's eye, and with 
whose household arrangements I was most intimately acquainted, 
because it was for many years my home, was of a type common 
then, though seldom seen now. The roof on one side reached to 
within five or six feet of the ground. A space under this low roof 
half the length of the house, and five or six feet in width, was an 
open porch or "shed" as it was then called, where were kept the 
wash-bench, a table or bench for the family wash-basin, in summer, 
and in summer also, the cheese press and various house- 
hold farming utensils. There when it was not too severely cold, 
the washing was done. The remaining room under this low roof 
was used sometimes as a bedroom, sometimes as a store-room. 
The chimney was of stone to the top, and occupied space suffi- 
cient for a room of moderate dimensions, and had fire-places on 
three of its sides. The narrow kitchen extended the entire length 
of the house, and the fire-place in that was immense, large enough 
for a fire of huge logs. It contained the brick oven, the always 
present dye-pot, and sufficient space besides for seats for the little 
ones. The fire-place in the large square room adjoining the long, 
narrow kitchen was also very large, while that on a third side of 
the chimney, in the bed-room, was much smaller. There were 
also fire-places in two bed-rooms on the second floor, and the stairs 



254 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

to the garret were built of stone into the chimney on a third ;,ide. 
The only other room on the ground floor was the milk-room. 
On the second floor, besides the two rooms containing fire-places, 
was the space over the kitchen under the rafters. It was approach- 
ed by the stairway at one end of the kitchen and contained at 
one end, bins for rye, oats and buckwheat, while at the other was 
always a bed for the wayfarer, or for some of the children, if 
crowded from their rooms by extra guests. 

There was never hired help for the house and only occasional 
days for the farm from some one in the neighborhood. 

The long kitchen was dining-room as well during the warm 
weather, except when there was company ; then the square room, 
always the family sitting-room, did duty as dining-room. In the 
winter, however, the cooking-stove was moved into the sitting- 
room and all ordinary work was done there ; the washing, work 
connected with the butchering, and all extraordinary work being 
done in the kitchen, with a big fire on the hearth. 

The expression, "Have you come for fire?" is still used occasion- 
ally, but in these days when friction matches are in every home and 
in some pocket of almost every man, it is likely that many have no 
idea of the origin of the question. Every woman expected to keep 
coals enough buried in some fire-place to start fire when needed. It 
was a sorry time when they and the tinder-box failed. My grand- 
mother once went nearly a half mile for coals when she lost fire. 

Although my recollection extends over considerably more than 
three quarters of a century, i can never remember when it was the 
custom to cook exclusively by the fire on the hearth. Stoves were 
found in most houses seventy-five years ago, but few of them had 
ovens that could be used for general baking ; consequently every 
house-wife heated her brick-oven twice or three times each week in 
summer and once or twice in winter. 

The furnishing of the oven- wood was a subject of really vital 
importance for, if too light or flashy, or if it was green, the heat 
would not hold long enough to bake the food. The wood must 
burn freely, yet not too rapidly, and must be of a kind, a part of it 
at least, to leave coals that could remain after the blaze was gone. 

Mr. A. and Mr. B., who lived not far from my home, were dis- 
cussing the question of oven-wood, each trying to convince the 
other that his wife was the more particular, when Mr. B., who 
had listened to the description of the kind Mr. A. had to furnish, 
stuttered, "W-w-well, my w-w-wife has to have hers t-t-turned 
and b-b-brass f-f-ferrules put on it." 

The house-wife must have needed to have her wits about her, 
to have bread, cake and pies ready to go into the oven at the same 
time and when the heat was just right, the bread light enough, 
yet not too light ; the cake mixed so that it need not stand too long, 
and the pies "set up" all in good time. 

Apple, berry or mince pies could be baked with bread and cake, 
but not many custard or pumpkin pies, because the steam arising 
from them would cause the bread and cake to be heavy. 

It was considered as much of a disgrace to be without pie, if a 
guest dropped in for dinner or supper, as without bread ; and 



ECONOMY OF OUR MOTHERS 255 

it was a common practice to bake, after the weather became cool 
enough so that they would keep two or three days, ten or twelve 
pumpkin pies at one baking. In that case, the crusts were set up 
and the pumpkin mixed, while the first food was baking; then some 
lighter wood than was used at the first heating, was burned for a 
shorter time, and the pies baked by themselves. Our mothers 
certainly needed the same kind of "faculty," on baking days, with 
which Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, invests Mrs. Katy Scudder in 
"The Minister's Wooing." 

The stove most used in our neighborhood, during my childhood, 
was the Rotary. It revolved upon a track by means of a crank 
which turned a wheel, the cogs of which fitted into corresponding 
cogs on the outer edge of the circular top. There were five lids of 
graduated sizes for different sized cooking utensils. 

If it could have had a good oven, I am sure none could be better 
and I often wish, when I must lift a heavy kettle from one part of 
the stove to the other, that I had my mother's old rotary. 

Rye flour was the staple for bread ; few families used wheat, 
except for cakes, pie-crust and company biscuit. Some even made 
pie-crust of rye. Corn was used much more than now. Hasty- 
pudding was almost a daily food in some form at some seasons of 
the year, and it was expected that every miller know the best way 
to crack corn for samp. In many families, the kettle of samp 
must be boiled every Saturday during the Spring and Summer to 
be eaten with milk for the Sunday evening meal. In cooking it, 
there was need of close watching and frequent stirring to prevent 
scorching. Boiled Indian pudding was a common dish, almost 
never seen now. Every house-wife had the pudding-bag, made of 
stout linen tightly woven. 

When used, it was wet, turned wrong side out, and dusted with 
flour, to prevent the batter from leaking, turned again and the batter 
poured in, leaving space, when tied, for its swelling ; then it was 
immersed in the liquor in the huge pot containing the beef, pork, 
potatoes, turnips and any other vegetables for the dinner. They 
called the meat and vegetables "pot luck." In those days, the 
pudding was always served first, no doubt because, if it was left 
until the last, it would become sodden. 

Almost as soon as the buckwheat was harvested and threshed, 
griddle cakes made their appearance upon the breakfast table, and 
regularly appeared until Spring. In my own home Sunday morn- 
ing was the exception, because fresh bread was baked on Saturday 
and because nothing was to be done on Sunday to add to the work. 
I may add incidentally, that the steel knives and forks, always 
scoured twice, and often three times each week-day, were 
never scoured on Sunday. 

The custom of having baked beans always Saturday night and 
Sunday morning did not prevail as extensively in our vicinity as 
in Massachusetts ; yet the pan of beans was apt to be ready for 
the oven on Saturday, when other things came out, and often 
made the late Sunday dinner in hot weather, when a fire was 
uncomfortable. At any season, whatever was to be eaten Sunday 
was prepared on Saturday, as far as possible. 



256 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

During the Summer, the Hst from which our mothers chose 
meats to place upon the table, consisted of salt pork, salt beef, ham 
and dried beef, with now and then a fowl from the barn-yard. 
Salt pork was cooked with almost everything. Of fish, there was 
codfish, salted mackerel, Housatonic River shad (of which most 
farmers laid in a supply in the Spring), with now and then a mess 
of pan fish from the brooks. Almost all farmers kept a few or a 
great many sheep, and it is quite within my recollection that the 
only fresh meat, apart from one's flock of fowls, was by some 
farmer killing a lamb or calf and lending to his neighbors what he 
did not himself need. When it became possible to get regularly, 
once each week in Summer, a piece of meat from a butcher's cart, 
it was considered a wonderful thing. 

The only refrigerator our mothers had was the well, and happy 
was the woman whose well was deep and cold and never- failing. 
Two or three or more pails or baskets were almost always hung in 
it. She depended on it to cool her cream for churning, and to keep 
the butter solid for the table, as well as to preserve a little longer 
any fresh bit she was fortunate enough to have. 

That woman was to be congratulated in that she did not have 
to wait for the ice-man. 

In winter the conditions were more favorable for fresh meat. 
Farmers took turns in butchering their pork and beef, and loaned 
to each other. It was desirable, however, to choose a very cold 
time for butchering, else the task of chopping the sausage meat 
was very great. If quite cold and the meat could be frozen by 
spreading in a cold room by an open window, the task of chopping 
was much easier. 

Our mothers knew nothing of creameries, or separators or cheese 
factories ; but every woman made butter and cheese from her 
own dairy, often milking the cows also. 

Once a week in summer, a market wagon went the rounds of the 
neighborhood, collecting butter, cheese, eggs and chickens. The 
chickens were carried in a coop swung from the rear axle. The 
produce was taken to Bridgeport or New Haven, the returns for 
one week being made the next, and the house-wife whose butter 
cleared a York shilling thought herself well off. If more than 
that was realized, the price was considered extra good. 

In many homes it was considered economy to spin and weave 
linen for some uses, even after cotton cloth became comparatively 
cheap. The spinning and weaving were to be done in the Spring 
before soap-making, and house-cleaning, so that the lye not needed 
for soap could be used for whitening the cloth and the thread. A 
section of the ash-crib, as it was called, in which the ashes were 
leached, was like a V, the bottom of the V resting in a grooved 
plank slightly inclined, to form a trough. As the ashes were filled 
into the crib, they were wetted enough to dampen them, but not 
enough to cause the lye to run until the day for the 
soap-making, when they were thoroughly soaked. A certain 
quantity of lye that would float an egg must be poured 
into a certain quantity of heated grease. Some of our mothers 
understood enough of chemistry, although they did not call it that, 



ECONOMY OF OUR MOTHERS 257 

to know what conditions were necessary to "bring" the soap, and 
were almost always successful ; others boiled and boiled and spent 
a great deal of time, and strength, and patience, with very indiffer- 
ent results. 

Seventy years ago, neither you nor I had seen a kerosene lamp. 
Lard oil and sperm oil were used by some, but were considered not 
greatly superior to the tallow dip, the only light many of our 
mothers had ever known. Candles must be made every Spring and 
Autumn, and the evening before the dipping the whole familv was 
set to work helping put the wicks upon the candle-rods. These 
rods were of hickory, a little larger than an ordinary lead pencil, 
made very smooth, and about two feet long. The wicking was 
wound around a book or a board whose length would make a wick, 
when cut and doubled, the desired length for the candle. Every 
separate thread of the wicking must be drawn out 
because a loosely twisted wick would burn better than 
one tightly twisted. Seven or eight of these wicks, each 
composed of seven or eight threads, were put double upon the rods, 
and twisted just enough to keep them in place. Early in the morn- 
ing, the big brass kettle was hung upon the crane in the fire-place, 
and sufficient tallow for the candles to be made put into it to melt. 
A little alum was usually pounded and added, to harden the tallow, 
and, if bees-wax was abundant, the addition of a certain proportion 
made the candles much nicer. Water was also added to prevent 
the tallow from scorching. While this was melting, the ends of two 
long poles or ribs were put upon two "horses" or chairs, and the 
candle-rods with their wicks, put upon them a little distance apart. 
As soon as the tallow was melted and somewhat heated, the kettle 
was placed near the candle-rods, then filled with water to within 
an inch or less of the top, and the process of dipping commenced. 
At first the wicks on three or four rods could be dipped at once, but 
after a few dippings they became heavy. A kettle of water must 
be kept constantly hot, and a little added occasionally, both to keep 
the tallow warm and to raise it in the kettle as it was dipped off. 
Great care must be taken that it be made not too hot, or what had 
cooled on the wicks would be melted off, rather than added to. 
My mother used to say that she never dipped candles that she did 
not have unexpected company, for it was work she could not put 
aside and must be done in a cold room. The introduction of molds 
was considered a wonderful improvement. 

It is a little less than forty years since we commenced using glass 
jars and canning our fruit. Our mothers, before that invention, 
must keep their fruit in crocks and jars, and it must be made very 
rich, that it spoil not by fermentation. They had no porcelain or 
granite ware, and their preserving kettles were usually of brass, 
which must be made as bright as gold, cleaned first with salt and 
vinegar, then with rotten stone or brick dust, then with soap and 
water. 

The currant worm was not, years ago, the pest that it now is 
and the crop was usually abundant, so that currants were preserved 
in as large quantities as the ability to furnish sugar would allow. 
Raisins to the amount of about a quarter of their weight were 



258 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

used by many ; sugar was used pound for pound and the preserve 
cooked until it was a rich, clear mass. An incident will show that 
sugar was sometimes and in some places scarce in those days. 
About eighty years ago, my mother went with one of her babies 
to spend the day with an acquaintance. She took with her milk for 
her baby, but did not think it necessary to take sugar. When she 
wanted to feed the baby, she asked for sugar. The woman went 
to a chest and, reaching to the bottom, brought out a box with the 
remark, "John bought a couple of pounds about a year ago, and I 
guess it isn't all gone yet." 

Gooseberries were much more abundant than now and no collec- 
tion of preserves was complete without them, both in preserve and 
in jam. Jellies were not made as much as now. Sometimes jam 
was made of blackberries, but they were oftener dried for pies, either 
in the sun without sugar, or scalded with a little sugar, spread upon 
plates and put into the brick oven, when the food was drawn out. 
Pies made from berries dried in that way were delicious, and 
often the oven was slightly heated for the purpose of saving the 
berries by drying. 

Plums of several sorts were then, as now, considered the best 
of fruits for preserving. Peaches were abundant, and every house- 
wife expected to have a good supply. They were pared, the stones 
taken out and the sugar added to them at night. In the morning, 
a syrup had formed, and in that the peaches were cooked until 
clear, then skimmed out, and the syrup boiled until somewhat 
thick, the peaches added again, and scalded in the syrup for a few 
minutes, then placed in crocks for the winter. If cooked sufficient- 
ly, there was rarely any trouble about keeping them. 

Grapes were preserved then as I suppose most of us do them now, 
except that we do not make them so rich. Quinces must be boiled 
first to make them tender, but even then the quince preserve of 
years ago was apt to be hard, unless one was very skillful in the 
making. 

One of the duties of every housekeeper was to examine very 
often her stock of preserves, and she who did not now and then 
have to check incipient fermentation by scalding was indeed very 
fortunate. 

As soon as apples began to drop, when in any degree near 
maturity, our thrifty mothers commenced drying them, spreading 
them on cloths laid on roofs, or on platforms made for the purpose. 
Perhaps an earlier way was to string the quarters and hang them 
around the kitchen or in the sun out of doors. 

The old time garden contained no tomatoes, consequently our 
mothers knew nothing of chili sauce, green tomato pickle, or chow- 
chow. Cucumber pickles, usually put in brine, were the stand-by, 
the cucumbers being taken from the brine and soaked from time 
to time as needed. 

I must not forget to speak of another accompaniment to almost 

every meal during the winter in many families — cider apple sauce. 

Something like it is now called apple butter. The cider was taken 

sweet from the press, and boiled until nearly as thick as molasses. 

Some of this was always saved to use with mince pies in the winter. 



ECONOMY OF OUR MOTHERS 259 

Half sweet and half sour apples were used, and sometimes a few 
quinces. There was always a busy company preparing the apples 
the evening before the apple sauce was to be made. The big brass 
kettle was scoured in the same way and just as bright as the small 
preserving kettle, and in the morning early it was hung upon the 
crane with the boiled cider in it, and the apples added only as fast 
as those before got to cooking. The mass needed constant care 
through almost the whole day. The making of it was considered 
of so much consequence that, when the teacher who boarded 
around the district, sent to see if he could go to some place, the 
reply sometimes came, "Mother can't have you next week, she 
hain't made apple sass." 

Our mothers had no sewing machines, and I well re- 
member when my mother brought home, from a visit to the 
American Institute at New York, a sample that she said she saw 
sewed on a sewing machine, and every one was amazed that it was 
possible. As they could not sit down at the machine and sew, they 
took their sewing or their knitting and went, uninvited, to visit 
neighbors. Sometimes the result was rather embarrassing to the 
one visited, as was the case with old Mrs. Blank, when several of her 
neighbors went to spend the afternoon with her. She and her 
husband, "Uncle Thoph" to every one, lived alone. When it was 
time to get tea, she announced to her visitors, "La ! me ! I thought I 
had enough for Thoph and me a week, but I hain't got enough 
for tea." 

As has been stated, most farmers kept a flock of sheep which 
were sheared in June, the wool taken to some factory where it was 
"scoured" and carded into rolls about three quarters of an inch in 
diameter and two feet long. The rolls were spun at home for 
household use. 

The yarn needed for stockings for the men and boys was usually 
cleaned at home, dyed indigo blue in the dye-pot before mentioned, 
mixed with white wool and carded into grey rolls. 

Homespun dresses of wool were worn in winter. The yarn for 
these was spun white and dyed at home. My mother dyed indigo 
blue in different shades. Cochineal red, and used butternut bark for 
shades of brown. From these colors in warp and woof a pretty 
plaid was planned, the cloth woven in some home loom, then taken 
to the factory to be pressed. 

Many houses had looms for weaving the wool and linen for 
household use and rag carpets. 

It was one of my chief delights to wind for the weaver on a 
"quill-wheel," the little paper tubes or "quills" that were slipped on 
a wire in the shuttle when weaving woolen or linen goods. 

I would like once more to hear the musical whizzing of the old 
wool wheel, as it sounded when I was a child, and my mother kept 
time to its music in the long narrow kitchen of the old house at 
home, but I am thankful that the women of to-day need not tread 
in all the foot-steps of our mothers. 



260 NEWTOWN' HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



BERKSHIRE 

For the past one hundred years the history of Berkshire has been 
largely bound up in the history of the Curtis family 

The first of the family to come from Stratford was Matthew 
Curtis, who settled on Mile Hill and his son, Gold Curtis, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham Gold, also lived there. 

Gould, the eldest son of Gold, married Joanna Peck and made his 
home in Berkshire. Being a captain in the militia, he was called 
"Captain Gould." 

He built the white homestead at the end of the village towards 
Bennett's bridge. This was probably about 100 years old. He was a 
farmer, owning about 200 acres of land lying on the hill back of the 
house along the "Pole bridge road and in the Zoar district." 

He had five children : Mary, who married Cyrenius Beers, a native 
of Newtown, but a pioneer of Chicago ; Samuel ; Elizabeth, sectjnd 
wife of Robert S. Peck, also second wife of Simeon B. Peck ; a child 
who died in infancy ; and Sarah, who married Dr. Monroe Judson. 
Samuel, born in 1818, developed into a rather remarkable business 
man for his day and generation. He first went into the comb and 
button business with his uncle David Curtis, in the factory near the 
bridge at Sandy Hook, (later the Beecher and Tucker satinet fac- 
tory, then the Niantic Mills, now, 1917, the Harris Wire Mills.) 
They dissolved partnership a year or so later, and David Curtis 
moved "Out West," so called, to Painted Post, about 300 miles out 
into New York state. 

Samuel Curtis returned to Berkshire, married Mary, daughter of 
Henry and Sarah Blackman Nichols, and of this union two children 
were born : Henry Gould, who married Annie, daughter of George 
and Sarah Peck Beers, and Julia, who married Plenry S. Hawley. 

In 1845 "The Berkshire Co." was formed. The partners were 
Samuel Curtis, Amos Hard, Julius and John Curtis. They built the 
first factory (which was destroyed by fire 1852) and established 
the water power. The factory was re-built the same year. The 
business was the making of combs and buttons. 

When that partnership was dissolved a year or so later, John 
Warner, a cousin of Mr. Curtis became his partner. This partner- 
ship under the name of Curtis and W^arner lasted about ten years, 
when Mr. Warner moved to New Haven, and for a short time 
Matthew Fairchild was Mr. Curtis' partner. About 1870 Mr. Curtis 
owned the whole business. When his son Henry Gould attained 
his majority, the firm became S. Curtis & Son. The firm name is 
still the same. Until 1901, the business was exclusively the manu- 
facture of combs and buttons. Since then the business carried on 
in the same factory built in 1852, is the manufacture of paper boxes, 
and is under the ownership, and management of William R. Curtis, 
younger son of Henry G. Curtis. The older son, Harry Beers 




o 






BERKSHIRE 261 

Curtis, is a member of the Bridgeport Hardware Manufacturing 
Corporation. 

Mr. Samuel Curtis owned nearly all of Berkshire in 1870 and in 
his day it was called the "White Village." all houses being white 
with green blinds and all fences white. From 1874 he employed a 
carpenter for seven years. Mr. Henry Curtis' house was built in 
1875, the year of his marriage. 

Mrs. Julia Hawley has two children, Curtis, who is unmarried, 
and Mary, the wife of Hobart G. Warner, of the firm of Taylor, 
Curtis & Co. of Sandy Hook. Her home, an attractive residence 
adjoining her brother's on the west, is also the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Warner and their three sturdy boys, Hobart, Austin and Henry 
Hawley. 

Just beyond his father's on the site of the grandfather's home, 
William R. Curtis has a fine modern residence, built in 1906. His 
wife is Bertha Niles George, second daughter of Rev. James H. 
George, deceased rector of Trinity Church. Two wide awake boys, 
Gould and Nelson bid fair to help keep Berkshire for some time to 
come a home of the Curtis family as it has been "for the last 
hundred years." 

There were two or three other small concerns in Berkshire in 
the fifties. One was a hat factory where wool hats were manufac- 
tured. 

This was owned by Rufus Somers, who lived where Mr. Charles 
Minor's house stands, the factory being quite near it. 

Another business concern was a tannery located across the way 
from the house of Mr. Samuel Curtis. The little brook was dammed 
for water power for grinding the bark. Mr. John Curtis owned the 
tannery which was given up in the early sixties and the factory 
converted into a dwelling house which was removed a few years 
ago. 

A Baptist Church stood at the top of the hill near the cemetery 
overlooking the village. Mr. Henry Curtis remembers that when 
he Avas a boy there were large congregations every Sunday, and 
Berkshire pond was used for the baptism. Losses by death and 
removal so depleted the numbers of the members that regular 
services were given up, and in 1913 the building was sold and torn 
down and the ground it occupied added to the cemetery. 

THE MEN'S CLUB. 

The Men's Literary and Social Club of Newtown Street, usually 
spoken of as The Men's Club, was organized in 1894 according to 
the following extract from the Minutes: — 

At a meeting held at the study of Rev. G. T. Linsley it was voted to 
organize a men's literary club. 

The following ofificers were elected: President, Rev. G. T. Linsley; Vice- 
president, Dr. E. AI. Smith; Secretary-Treasurer, Allison P. Smith. 

It was voted that these officers constitute an executive committee. It 
was voted that the first meeting should be held on Tuesday evening, May 
1st, at the residence of A. P. Smith. Prof. P. E. Cliff was appointed essayist. 



262 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

The President, Rev. O. W. Barker and Frank Wright, were appointed 
a committee on Constitution and By-laws. 

May meeting. (First meeting.) 

The May meeting of The Men's Literary & Social Club was held on 
Tuesday, May 1st. at the residence of A. P. Smith. Prof. P. E. Cliff was the 
essayist, his subject being, "Evolution and the Faith." 

The following gentlemen were present and were constituted members of 
the club: Charles H. Northrop, John J. Northrop, Robert H. Beers, E. F. 
Hawley. Frank Wright, P. E. Cliff, Rev. G. T. Linsley, Rev. Otis W. Barker, 
Dr. E. M. Smith, M. J. Houlihan, C. M. Penny, G. F. Duncombe, Arthur S. 
Hawley, A. J. Smith and A. P. Smith. 

At this meeting the Committee on Constitution and By-laws presented a 
Constitution and By-laws were adopted and in force until March 2nd. 1909, 
when a new one drawn up by a committee consisting of Rev. James H. 
George, Hermann N. Tiemann, Sr., Rev. Alexander Steele, Frank J. Gale, 
M. D., was presented and adopted. 

From the above it will be seen that The Men's Club has existed 
for more than twenty-three years and has been of the greatest 
benefit to the town, as well as to its members. It has virtually 
formed the Board of Trade, Civic Federation and Village Improve- 
ment Society of the town and has been instrumental in advocating 
and establishing a large number of reforms and improvements. 

Its membership is limited to twenty active members and they are 
representative men drawn from the different sections of the town. 

Besides helping the town as above mentioned, the literary papers 
have formed a prominent feature of its meetings, which have tended 
in no small measure to broaden and educate its members. 

The past membership has included such representative men as 
Daniel G. Beers, E. Levan Johnson and Prof. C. S. Piatt. 

The present membership is as follows : 

President, L. M. Johnson; Vice-president, Alfred Walker; Secretary and 
Treasurer, H. N. Tiemann. Sr. 

Chas. F. Beardsley, Robt. H. Beers, Chas. S. Cole, Wm. R. Curtis, Frank J. 
Gale, M. D., Chas. B. Johnson, Wm. C. Johnson, Walter H. Kiernan, M. D., 
Rev. T. J. Lee, Patrick H. McCarthy, Dr. W. J. McLoughlin, John J. Northrop, 
Chas. G. Peck, David C. Peck, Rev. George T. Sinnott, Allison P. Smith. 

Honorary members: Rev. F. W. Barnett, Carlos D. Stillson. 

Contributed by Hermann N. Tiemann Sr. 

Former Presidents : 
Rev. George T. Linsley. 1894-1895; 1895-1896; 1896-1897; Dr. Edwards M. 
Smith, 1897-1898; Rev. Otis W. Barker, 1898-1899; Daniel G. Beers, 1899-1900; 
Allison Parrish Smith, 1900-1901; Robert H. Beers, 1901-1902; Ezra L. 
Johnson, 1902-1903; David C. Peck, 1903-1904; Rev. James H. George, 1904- 
1905; John J. Northrop, 1905-1906; Prof. C. S. Piatt, 1906-1907; P. H. Mc 
Carthy, 1907-1908; Charles F. Beardsley, 1908-1909; Carlos D. Stillson, 1909- 
1910; Frank J. Gale, M. D., 1910-1911; William C. Johnson, 1911-1912; Rev. 
Alexander Steele, 1912; Austin B. Blakeman, 1912-1913; Charles B. Johnson 
1913-1914; Rev. F. W. Barnett, 1914-1915; Rev. G. T. Sinnott, 1915-1916; Rev. 
T. J. Lee, 1916-1917. 




c 



c 

w 
u 

Q 

00 



/• o 




NEWTOWN WATER COMPANY 263 



THE NEWTOWN WATER CO. 

This company, which supplies the borough of Newtown and 
adjacent territory with water, is a joint stock company organized 
in May, 1906, bv special charter, with a capital of $50,000. Stock 
isued, $25,000. 'Officers, 1906-07: C. B. Taylor, President; D. C. 
Peck, Vice-President; W. A. Leonard, Secretary; L. C. Morris, 
Treasurer; W. B. Glover, Superintendent. Directors: C. B. Taylor, 
D. C. Peck, L. C. Morris, A. J. Smith, W. A. Leonard, W. J. Beecher, 
and VV. H. Hubbell. 

The reservoir is situated on Reservoir Hill, the highest point on 
Mt. Pleasant, 750 feet above tide-water, 180 feet higher than the 
flag-pole, 240 feet at the residence of L. C. Morris, and about 300 
feet at Newtown R. R. Station. Upon the highest point of this hill, 
the company has constructed a reservoir of concrete, 32x52 feet, 
14 feet deep. Its source of supply is beautiful Taunton Lake, 2200 
feet distant, at an elevation of 235 feet, with capacity of about 
175,000 gallons, with 25 H. P. gasoline engines directly connected 
to 834 xlO inch, Triplex Pump, which has a capacity of 300 gallons 
per minute. There are two of these outfits. The water runs from 
the reservoir to different branches, supplying water to an estimated 
population of 600 people, with 38 public hydrants for the fire protec- 
tion. The system has about 53^2 miles of 8, 6, 4, and 2-inch pipe, 
serving Mt. Pleasant as far north as J. Albert Blackman's, south to 
the Country Club, east to the R. R. station, west to Alfred Walker's. 
The company has acquired land sufficient to build a reservoir of 
more than double the present size and with view to further expan- 
sion ; a pipe and gate through the south wall has been provided for, 
the present south wall to form one side of the new reservoir, when 
built. The pipe lines are of a size to provide for a large future 
growth. 

Officers for 1917: C. B. Taylor, President; D. C. Peck, Vice-Presi- 
dent; W. A. Leonard , Secretary ; L. C. Morris, Treasurer; W. B. 
Glover, Superintendent. Directors: C. B. Taylor, D. C. Peck, L. C. 
Morris, A. J. Smith, VV. A. Leonard, Wm. B. Glover, F. J. Gale. 

THE COUNTRY CLUB. 

The Newtown Country Club, Inc., was started in Dec, 1915. The 
first officers were W. T. Cole, President ; Dr. Charles II. Peck, Vice- 
President ; Wm. A. Leonard, Treasurer; and H. C. Hubbell, Secre- 
tary. 

The property of D. C. Bacon, one mile south of the village, was 
purchased for Club purposes, and during the year 1916, this, with 
adjoining land was laid out in a 9-hole golf course, tennis courts, etc. 

At the present time, 1917, the Club has a membership of about 
one hundred. 

The Officers are the same as in 1915, except that Rodney P. 
Shepard has taken the place of W. A. Leonard, as Treasurer. 



264 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

A 40 YEAR LEASE OF MOUNTAIN LAND IN SANDY HOOK. 

Soon alter Newtown was purchased from the Indians, prospec- 
tors began to turn their attention to the Sandy Hook mountain, 
whose Indian name, whatever it might have been, had been trans- 
formed to that of Pisgah. The southerly i^art of the range in 
particular, and more especially that part lying back of the grist 
mill, extending along the stream unto what is now known as the 
Black bridge, seemed to the crude prospectors the most likely part 
in which to begin search for minerals, in which, they felt sure, the 
range abounded. 

In 1764, John Staley Elackwell of the "Province and City of New- 
York" leased for a term of 40 years a certain tract of mountain land 
in which to carry on mining. Of how much prominence Blackwell 
might have been in the "Province and City of New York," we can- 
not ascertain. We would hardly think him a timid adventurer 
for a few pages further on in the same "Book of Land Records" we 
find it recorded at a later date that Jeremiah Northrop of Newtown, 
in the Colony of Connecticut, leased to the said Blackwell "a tract of 
land lying in the northerly part of Newtown, in the Parish of New- 
bury, on the east side of the road that leads from New^town to New 
Milford." 

The lease was a "40 year" interest in ore mines, minerals, fossils 
of all sorts and kinds discovered or to be discovered throughout 
the full term of 40 years, "and. if need be, to dig to the center of the 
earth." Aside from Blackwell's making such ventures for mining 
purposes, the results of his ventures are as a sealed book to us of 
the present day, and there is nothing to be found on the mountain 
side that goes to show that the work of excavation was even once 
begun. Death may have intervened and removed the lessee. 

Know all men by these presents that we, Nathan Curtiss, Hannah 
Sanford, Widow Thomas Sanford, Hezekiah Sanford, Samuel Sanford, 
Josiah Plat, Sarah Plat, wife of said Plat, and Louis Sanford, all of New- 
town in the County of Fairfield, and Colony of Connecticut, and Amos 
Sanford of Sharon in the County of Litchfield and Colony aforesaid — for 
and on account of the consideration, hereafter in this instrument to be set 
forth, — for ourselves and heirs, executors and administrators, for the full 
term of forty years from the date hereof, do let and lease out unto John 
Staley Blackwell of the city and province of New York, his heirs and 
assigns for the above term, all our rights, title and interest in ore mines 
and minerals of every sort and kind, now discovered or to be found or 
discovered throughout the full term of forty years, in a certain tract of 
land within the township of Newtown and bounded as follows : 

Beginning at two Black oak spiers marked in the south line of the land of 
Asa Cogswell, which was formerly Benjamin Mallory's land and on the 
easterly side of the highway that goes to Mr. Hubbell's ferry, then run- 
ning south five degrees east bounding part on highway, and part on land 
of Peter Hubbell 80 rods to a heap of stones, then east 30 degrees, south 
about 20 rods in the line of the land of Nathaniel Cady Blackman to a 
spruce tree marked, and stones to it on a ledge of rocks on the westerly 
side of Pototuck brook, then bounding on said ledge of rocks, as they run 
to said corner of the above said land that was formerly the above said 
Mallory's, then west five degrees, south 98 rods to the first mentioned 
bounds began at. And for further confirmation this very land was con- 
veyed by Peter Hubbell to his son, Jedediah, as will more fully appear by 
the Public Records of Newtown, Book 5, folio 357. 



e 



MOUNTAIN LAND IN SANDY HOOK 265 

Now it is to be understood that the right of the above named Hannah 
Sanford, Thomas Sanford, Hezekiah Sanford, Samuel Sanford, Louis San- 
ford, Josiah Piatt and his wife, is only in 13 acres of the above lands and 
lies in the southerly part of said land and bounded north upon the land of 
Ebenezcr Ford, which he bought of Amos Sanford, and for further con- 
firmation of the above, 13 acres may be seen by the records of the Probate 
Court for the district of Danbury. Now we, the above granters, do give to 
the above grantee, his heirs and assigns full power and authority to break 
ground, dig and use all proper means and measures, in (juest of mines and 
minerals, and also to fell and cut wood or timber of all sorts except chest- 
nut, and also to build houses for said business in and through said tract of 
land and if need be to dig to the center of the earth with free liberty to 
pass and repass andof transportation of all necessaries that may be need- 
ful for the carrying on of said work or mineral business without let, hind- 
rance or molestation whatsoever, all to the best advantage of him, the 
said grantee. 

The consideration of the above said lease or grant is as follows: That 
the above named John Staley Blackwell, the said grantee, or his heirs and 
assigns, in and throughout said term, shall, once every month render, or 
cause to be rendered, to the above said grantors, one thirteenth part of all 
the ore according to quantity and quality that shall be gotten upon the 
said tract of land above described, well ordered and fit for market, and that 
above ground at the mouth of the pits or shafts where the same is dug or 
gotten and according to their respective rights, which rights are as fol- 
lows: (viz.) the above said Matthew Curtiss one fourth, and the above said 
Hannah Sanford, the other three fourths during the term of her natural 
life, and after her death or decease, to her heirs (viz.) to Thomas Sanford, 
Hezekiah Sanford, Samuel Sanford, Amos Sanford, Sarah Piatt, Louis 
Sanford, it is to be equally divided. And whereas it may so happen that 
the above said grantee or his heirs, assigns or administrators may neglect 
to pursue the business or search of the said ore or mine and by that means 
the grantors may be disappointed of the true meaning and intent of the 
above lease, by his, the said grantee or his heirs, or executor or adminis- 
trator shall neglect to dig or search after said mine, ore or minerals and 
the grantors by that means be debarred of having any trial made which to 
prevent it is to be understood that if the above named grantee or his heirs 
or executors shall neglect to dig or search or make trial for said mine 
within the term of one year, then, and in this case it shall be taken and 
deemed his, the grantee's neglect and sufficient to make the foregoing in- 
strument void and of none effect. But, in case it so happens that the 
grantee or his assigns shall be obliged to desist or stop from the business 
or laboring by reason of water or other impediments that shall or may 
obstruct the way of his or their working for want of proper implements or 
engines, then and in this case, it shall not be taken as his or their neglect 
until that after a proper time has been allowed for him, the said grantee, 
to furnish himself with necessary engines that be absolutely necessary for 
carrying on the work or mineral business to effect whirh, shall not exceed 
three years time. Then and in this case, that is to say after a sufficient 
time, or not exceeding three years as aforesaid. He, the said grantee, or 
his heirs or assigns, do not furnish him or themselves with proper engines, 
then in this case, the foregoing to be null and void. 

But on the other hand, if the said grantee or his assigns shall use his or 
their best endeavors and all proper means in quest of said ore or mines, 
then the above instrument shall be good and valid in law to all intents and 
purposes, and in witness, the grantors as conveying and the grantee as 
concurring, have set to their hand and seals this eight day of September, 
Anno Domini, 1764, and in the fourth year of the reign of our Most Sover- 
eign Lord, George the Third of Great Britain, etc.. King. Signed, Sealed 
and delivered in presence of John Camp and Caleb Baldwin, witnesses. 

Hannah Sanford (Seal) 

Matthew Curtiss (Seal) 

Samuel Sanford (SeaH 

Josiah Plat (Seal) 

Louis Sanford (Seal) 

Hezekirih Sanford (Seal) 

John Staley Blackwell (Seal) 



266 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

Signers and sealers of the above written instrument personally appeared 
in Newtown on ye day and date mentioned and acknowledged ye same to 
be their own free act and deed. Before me, 

Caleb Baldwin, Justice of ye Peace. 

On ye 21st day of September, A. D., 1764, personally appeared Capt John 
Staley Blackwell. signer and sealer of ye above written instrument, in 
Newtown and acknowledged ye same to be his own free act and deed 
before me, Caleb Baldwin, Justice of ye Peace. 

The above and foregoing instrument recorded September 26th, A. D. 1764, 
per me, 

John Northrop, Town Clerk. 

In the execution of the lease, one of the interested jjarties, Thomas 
Sanlord, refused to sign his name, necessitating further negotia- 
tions and Matthew Curtiss, one of the lessees, goes bonds in the 
sum of 5000 pounds to protect the said leasor, John Staley Blackwell, 
from all hindrance in the execution of said lease. A copy of the 
indenture, copy or deed, immediately follows the copy of the lease 
and may be found on Page 206, of Volume 8, Newtown Land 
Records, and reads as follows, viz : 

This indenture witnesseth that Matthew Curtiss of Newtown in the 
County of Fairfield, Colony of Connecticut of the one part and John Staley 
Blackwell of the Province and City of New York of the other part, viz: 
Whereas, I the said Matthew Curtiss together with Hannah Sanford, Heze- 
kiah Sanford, Samuel Sanford, Josiah Plat. Sarah Plat, the wife of said Plat, 
and Louis Sanford, all of said Newtown, did execute one certain lease dated 
September the eight. Anno Domini, 1764, all our right, title and interest in 
ore, mines, minerals and fossil bodies of every sort or kind now discovered 
or to be discovered in a certain tract of land as described by said lease. 

Now, said lease having been executed by the above grantors to the said 
jjrantee pnd there being Thomas Sanford of said town heir to the said 
Hannah Sanford, which the said Thomas has not set his hand nor executed 
his part of the lease and especially as said Thomas Sanford does as yet 
refuse to set to his hand to said lease so that if possibly to hinder or 
obstruct the other above named proprietors of settling or leasing their 
respective right or of having any proper trial made to effect in quest of 
said mine or mineral according to the will and intention of the majority of 
the other proprietors, therefore. I the said Matthew Curtiss, do hereby bind 
myself and heirs, administrators, firmly by this indenture in the penal sum 
of five thousand pounds good and lawful money, to secure and defend the 
above said John Staley Blackwell, his heirs, administrators and assigns 
against all let or hindrance or molestation, by or from him, them or either 
of them, the said Thomas Sanford, his heirs, administrators, executors and 
assigns, shall comply with the afore said grantors of the above named lease, 
and set to his or they, their hands unto the above mentioned lease, to ratify 
and confirm the same, then the above named penal sum to be null and void 
and of none effect. But in case it so happens that the above said Thomas, 
his heirs, or assigns do not set his, or they their hands, but at any time 
within the aforesaid term of 40 years, shall pay according to his right, 
his equal part of all the cost or charge that the said John Staley Blackwell, 
his heirs or assigns shall have been at in quest of, and laboring for said ore 
or mine, which share or rigl\t is, by the afore said lease, referred to the 
records of the court of Probate for the district of Danbury, then, and in 
case the above said penal sum against the aforcsnid Curtiss, his heirs, etc., 
to be null and void, and of none effect, otherwise to stand in full force 
and virtue in law. Now on the part of the above named John Stnley 
Blackwell, is this: Whereas, in the above named lease in that part of it 
giving liberty of rutting wood and timber is not meant in the whole tract 
of land described in said lease, but only in the 13 acres which is described 
to the said Hannah Sanford and her heirs as in the consideration in the 
above said lease is to render one 13th part of all the ore or mines that is 



THE CONSERVATION OF TIMBER 267 

gotten on said tract of land and that according to their respective rights, 
of which the said Curtiss is one fourth part. Now on the account of him the 
said Curtiss giving this instrument, I bind myself and heirs, executors and 
administrators, notwithstanding the consideration in the above said lease, 
to render him, his heirs, etc., one tenth instead of one-thirteenth of all the 
ore or mines that shall be gotten upon the whole described lands men- 
tioned in said lease and that according to quantity and quality according 
to his right which is one-fourth part of said mine or else forfeit the said 
right and it shall return to the said Curtiss, his heirs, etc., and in confirma- 
tion of the above, the parties have interchangeably set their hands and 
seals, this 21st day of September, Anno Domini, 1764, and in the fourth 
year of His Majesties' reign. Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of 

Caleb Baldwin, 
John Camp, 
Matthew Curtiss, 
John Staley Blackwell. 
Matthew Curtiss and John Staley Blackwell indenture recorded Septem- 
ber Z], A. D. 1764. 

On the day and date of the written instrument personally appeared Mr. 
Matthew Curtiss and Captain John Staley Blackwell in Newtown and 
acknowledged the instrument which they had signed and sealed to be 
their own free act and deed. Before me 

Caleb Baldwin, Justice of ye Peace. 
Per John Northrop, Town Clerk. 

THE CONSERVATION OF TIMBER. 

It may be a surprise to some that the conservation of timber was 
a matter that the settlers felt of vital importance and was frequent- 
ly discussed and as frequently acted upon at proprietors' meetings. 
Stringent measures were devised to meet emergencies as they 
arose. 

In April, 1738, it was "voted that no person shall cut or fall any oak or 
walnut tree under 12 inches over at ye stub, nor any chesnut tree under 18 
inches over at ye stub within ye sequesterment for ye space of three years 
from ye date above. This act to hold three years and no longer. 

Voted, Job Sherman, Seargant James Botsford, Lemuel Camp, Henry 
Glover, Searg'nt Benjamin Dunning were chosen and appointed agents in 
ye behalf of ye town to prosecute those that shall cut any oaks or walnuts 
or chesnuts contrary to ye above sd acts. 

Voted also at sd meeting. Thomas Skidmore, Joseph Bristol, John 
Blackman, Nathan Baldwin, Sr., agents in ye town's behalf to prosecute 
those that shall or have done harm in ye destruction of ye young timber in 
ye sequesterment. 

Joseph Peck, Town Clerk." 

Copy of petition for calling a proprietors' meeting, Dec. 29, 1748: 
"We the subscribers, desire that ye clerk of ye proprietors of ye common 
and undivided land in Newtown in 3'e county of Fairfield that he give notis 
that there is to be a proprietors meeting in Newtown for several reasons. 
First place, to make choice of a committee to inspect any persons that 
have inclosed of incroached ye said proprietors common and undivided 
lands and such committee be empowered to prosecute. Secondly to take 
some measures to order such way as may be most for ye advantage of ye 
proprietors to secure and preserve ye timber yt is grone or groing on ye 
common land, formerly supposed to be sequestered so that ye said timber 
might not be destroyed. Third, to consider and see if it is not reasonable 
to vote that ye proprietors shall have the overplush money and over and 
above what is necessary to maintain sd flock. Fourthly, that the pro- 
prietors might take a thought whether there may not be some of ye 
common land afore mentioned of sd proprietors taken up and not damnify 
the flock. Fifthly, to think what a distinction there was made in sd 
sequesterment by cutting and destroying ye young timber in times past. 



268 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

whether it be not reasonable that some satisfaction should be made to 
some proprietors bv destroying ye young tiinber in the dog hunt. Sixthly, 
for ye town to have ye liberty or privileges of ye proprietors of laying ye 
land accruing to Job Sanford's right within ye sequesterment. 

Benoni Henry desires to take up a small peace of land where his home 

stands. , , ,• T^ u c 17 

Also to take sum speedv care to settel ye Ime from Danbury S. h,. corner 

to ye head of Fairfield bounds and to prevent ye incroachment Danbury 

people are m.iking overbounds and also to pay ye proprietors clerk for 

his past service. 
Recorded by Job Sherman, proprietors' clerk. 



NEWTOWN'S MILITARY RECORD 



269 



NEWTOWN'S Military Record 

1777-1919 



List of Newtown Men in the Continental Army, 1777-1782 



Allen, Eliphalet 
Anderson, Samuel 
Atwood, Samuel 

Baldwin, Serg't. Abel 
Baldwin, Major Caleb 
Baldwin, Capt. Isaac, 
Bennett, Ezekiel 
Botsford, Capt. Abel 
Botsford, Capt. Elijah 
Botsford, Jack (negro) 
Brooks, Samuel 
Brooks, Thomas 
Bristol, Caesar 
Burritt Bailey 

Chandler, Col. John 

Deolph, Levy 
Dunning, Jared 

Edmond, William 

Fairchild, Peter 
Fairweather, Corp. Samuel 
Ferris, Nathan 

Gillette, Abraham 
Gregory, Benjamin 

Hubbell, Lemuel 
Hubbell, Nathan 

James, Thomas 



Kimberly, Lieut. Abraham 
Kimberly, Capt. Ephraim 
Kimberly, Fitch 
Kimberly, John 

Lewis, Dwight 
Lumnus, Samuel 

Marvin, Matthew 
Meeker, Richard 

Northrop, Joshua 

Osborne, Nathaniel 

Parsons, Jacob 
Pason, Jacob 
Prindle, Abigail 
Prindle, Peter 
Prindle, Samuel 
Prindle. Zalmon 

Sanford, James 
Seeley, James 
Shaw, Thomas 
Sherman, Eleazer 
Smith, Capt. Joseph 
Smith, Capt. Richard 

Terrill, Capt. George 
Terrill, Josiah 
Tuttle, Smith 

Whiteley, William 



The following were of Newtown's quota to see service at New 

Prindle, Joseph 
Stillson, Abel, Jr. 
Winton, Czar 



London in the War of 1812. 
Camp, Samuel 



Glover, Ebenezer Booth 
Glover, Corp. Villeroy 
Glover, Ziba 



Nichols, Henry 



270 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

WRITTEN FOR MEMORIAL DAY. 

By Ezra L. Johnson, May, 1913. 

"Glory guards with solemn round the resting places of our 
nation's dead," and Memorial Day should lose none of its interest 
or meaning as the years go by. A custom established by act of 
Congress many years ago will probably be observed by the people 
of our great nation so long as our government shall hold its name 
among the nations of the earth. By individuals, by families, by the 
children of our common schools, by organized societies, by great 
corporations of business and in every possible way by which it can 
be brought about, this day will be socially and religiously observed 
while the earth itself lavishly contributes of its abundance in flowers 
and evergreen to deck the graves of the nations dead. 

Memorial Day stirs anew in the hearts of all in whose bosom 
the love of country dwells, tender and loving thoughts of those who 
were once of us, but no longer with us. Not new thoughts, but 
thoughts long since born in us, that may have lain dormant during 
the time that has intervened between the year that had gone and 
the coming of the last. Memory recalls names and dates that are 
seldom spoken in the common round of everyday life and we are 
led to recall as best we can, when and where and how, did our brave 
ones do and dare and die, in order that our nation might live, or if 
spared to return to their homes still to live among us, we regard 
them with more than an indifferent consideration. 

The bombardment of Fort Sumter, which was the Bunker Hill 
of the Civil War, commenced at 4.30 a. m., April 12, 1861. On Mon- 
day, April 15, 1861, President Lincoln issued a call for three month's 
service of 75,000 volunteers. The first response to that call, from 
Newtown, came on April 24, 1861, when three men, David O'Brien, 
Thomas O'Brien and Edward Carley, enlisted and were mustered 
into the government service May 11, 1861, serving three months, 
and were mustered out August 11,1861. David O'Brien re-enlisted 
was mustered into the Ninth Regiment, Sept. 27, 1861, and served 
until Nov. 27, 1862, when he was discharged for disability. Thomas 
O'Brien re-enlisted in the Ninth Connecticut Regiment, was mus- 
tered in Sept. 26, 1861, and died in service, Nov. 16, 1862. Edward 
Carley re-enlisted in the Twelfth Connecticut Regiment, was mus- 
tered in Nov. 20, 1861, promoted to sergeant Jan. 23, 1863, and was 
killed May 27, 1863, at Port Hudson, La. 



NEWTOWN'S MILITARY RECORD 



271 



Catalogue of Newtown volunteers in the War of the Rebellion: 



3rd Conn. Vols. 

Enlisted 
Corp. David O'Brien, April 24, 1861 
Sergt. Edward Carlcy April 24, 180l 

Killed at Fort Hudson, La. May 

27, 1863. 
Thomas O'Brien April 24, 1861 

Died Nov. 16, 1862. 

1st Conn. Cavalry 

Sergt. Louis L. Stuart Oct. 16, 1861 

George Bulklev Dec. 4, 1861 

Henry W. Fairchild Oct. 18, 1861 

Charles J. Merritt, Nov. 14, 1861 

James Kelly, Jan. 5, 1864 

Died Sept. 3, 1864, Andersonville, 

Ga. 

George Rankins Jan. 5, 1864 

2nd Conn. Light Battery 

Martin Lillis Feb. 19, 1864 

James Nichols, Feb. 16, 1864 

1st Regt. Heavy Artillery 

Thomas Wade, Aug. 27, 1864 

Edward A. Dunning, 

Charles H. Burritt, 

Daniel Davis, 

James P. Hall, 

John P. Hubbell, 

Charles S. Shepard, 

Sergt. Henry Nichols, Mar. 5, 1862 

George S. Coley, Jan. 20, 1862 

2nd Regt. Heavy Artillery 

Edward A. Banks, Dec. 29, 1863 
Charles T. Conger, Dec. 26, 1863 
Sergt. James Sheridan, Jan. 4, 1864 



Tan. 1, 1864 
May 2Z, 1861 
Mav 23. 1861 
May 23, 1861 
May 23. 1861 
May 23, 1861 



Jan. 4, 1864 

Tan. 4, 1864 

Dec. 31, 1863 

Dec. 31. 1863 

Jan. 4. 1864 

Jan. 2. 1864 

^ 1864 



William Connell, 

Peter Flood, 

Patrick Lynch, 

Martin Blake, 

William W. Foster, 

Hawley Reed, 

Andrew H. Sanford, Jan. 5, 

Patrick Kaine, Jan. 2, 1864 

Killed June 1, 1864 at Cold 

Harbor. 
Edward Reicker, Dec. 31, 1863 

Nathan H. Root, Aug. 11, 1862 

Barney Casey, Jan. 28, 1864 

2nd Lieut. Senaca Edgett, Feb. 5, '64 
Robert Clark, Jan. 5. 1864 

Michael Farrel. Feb. 10. 1864 

Corp. Starr L. Booth. Sept. 5. 1864 
Andrew Flanagan, Feb. 10. 1864 

Charles E. Gilbert. Feb. 13. 1864 

5th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Sergt. Major John H. Brewster. 

June 21. 1861 

Patrick Quinn. Aug. 27. 1864 

Corp. Henry J. Glover, June 21, 1861 



Enlisted 
William Conley. June 21, 1861 

George D. Squires, June 21. 1861 
John H. P'aulkner, June 21. 1861 
George Briscoe, June 26, 1861 

6th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Hall Shepard, Aug. 29, 1863 

Frederick Elvvood, Aug. 29. 1863 
Benj. W. Matthews, Aug. 29. 1863 
Corp. James Sullivan. Jan. 5. 1865 

7th Retg. Conn. Vols. 

Israel C. Botsford, Sept. 7, 1861 

Charles Butcher, Aug. 24. 1861 

Jeremiah Brown, Sept. 7. 1861 

Levi H. Edwards, Sept. 7. 1861 

8th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Jan. 5. 1864 

Nov. 18. 1864 

Feb. 15. 1864 

Oct. 14. 1864 

Dec. 17. 1863 

Dec. 17. 1863 

Nov. 18, 1864 

Feb. 11. 1864 



Theodore Smith, 

Thomas Bradley. 

Charles E. Hawley, 

David B. Hawley, 

Allen B. Clark, 

William Davis, 

William Gleason, 

Charles M. Parsons, 

Charles R. Sherwood, Dec. 17. 1863 

Frederick E. Smith. Dec. 17. 1863 

Frederick Wenzel. 

John Cunningham, 

Charles H. Pavne. 

Killed at Cold Harbor. Va 
Capt. Henry C. Hall, Sept. 14. 1861 
Sergt. John D. Seeley. Sept. 14. 1861 
Sergt. Joseph B. Weed. Sept. 21, '61 
George W. Brown. Sept. 21. 1861 
George A. Evarts. 
Horace Gilbert, 
George Hawley, 
James Riley. 
Robert Tappan. 
Hanford Tongue. 



Feb. 11. 1864 
July 27. 1864 
Dec. 17. 1863 



Sept. 21. 1861 
Sept. 30. 1861 
Sept. 27. 1861 

Sept. 27. 1861 
Sept. 21, 1861 

Sept. 21. 1861 



9th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

James Hawley, Sept. 14. 1861 

Tohn G. Foote. Sept. 20, 1861 

Michael Ney, Jan. 27, 1865 

10th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

George W. Ramsey. Sept. 15. 1861 
Charles Mav. Sept. 9. 1861 

William L. McArthur. Sept. 26. 1861 
Tames D. Hull. Oct. 9. 1861 

George Tavlor. Oct. 29. 1861 

Thomas Johnson. Jan. 10. 1865 

11th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Sergt. David Andress. Spt. 18. 1861 
Henrv Bissell. Feb. 25. 1864 

Sergt'. Geo. S. Hubbell, Oct. 18. 1861 
Fritz Mever. Tan. 27. 1865 

Sergt. G. W. Williams. Oct. 26. 1861 



272 



NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 



Enlisted 
Levi E. Stuart, Oct. 2b, 1861 

Corp. Wm. A. Smith, Oct. 18. 1861 
Jerome L. Stanley. Nov. 16. 1864 
Wagoner J.W. Greene, Oct. 18. 1861 
Uavid S. Payne. Nov. 1. 1861 

Lewis Fairchild, Nov. 3, 1861 

George McLean, Nov. 28, 1861 

Elijah B. Nichols, Nov. 1, 1861 
Lewis Fairchild, Mar. 29, 1864 

Harmos L. Nichols, Mar. 1, 1864 
Elijah S. Pete. ^o^-J- J^^ 

Joseph White, Nov. 29, 1864 

12th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

1st Sgt. Smith Downs, Oct. 23, 1861 

Edward Carley. Oct. 5, 1861 

Munroe D. Downs, Jan. 2, 1861 

Arthur Fairman, Oct. 8, 1861 

Gideon Bolsford, Oct. 9, 1861 

Charles Jones, Oct. 18, 1861 

Cyrus W. Wheeler, Feb. 25, 1861 

Corp. John Tappan, Oct. 9, 1861 

Joseph Curtis, Sept. 27, 1861 

Patrick Flannery, Jan. 20, 1865 

Jacob Johnson, Jan. 13, 1865 

Carl Peterson, Jan. 6, 1865 

13th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Sergt. John Kane, Jan. 1, 1862 

Sergt. F. S. Twitchell, Nov. 18,1861 
Corp. Roswell Taylor, Dec. 14, 1861 
William Ellwood, Feb. 11, 1862 
Corp. R. A. Fairchild, Dec. 27, 1861 
John W. Farrell, Dec. 2, 1861 

Ezra M. Hull, Oct. 23. 1861 

George Dimelow, Nov. 21. 1861 

Charles Monson, Nov. 14, 1861 
Stephen Tyrrell. Dec. 2. 1861 

Charles L. Briscoe, Feb. 5. 1862 
Chester D. Peck, Jan. 27, 1861 

14th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Gottlieb Spitzer, Sept. 30, 1863 

Corp .Chas. Spring, Sept. 28, 1863 

15th Regt. Conn. Vols 

Paul Groever. Aug. 23. 1864 

Christian Wieble, Sept. 15. 1864 

Arlan Peterson, Aug. 23, 1864 

17th Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Hos. Steward. George H. Spencer, 
Aug. 14, 1862 
Corp. Chas. G. Curtis, July 11, 1862 
William Curtis, Aug. 9, 1862 

William A. Gordon. Aug. 12. 1862 
Alpheus B. Fairchild. July 12. 1862 
Ira Sherman. July 22, 1862 

Andrew C. Hull. Jan. 27. 1865 

Charles Wooster, July 22. 1862 
Milton C. Taylor, Aug. 12, 1862 
Henry J. Jackson Dec. 31, 1863 

Corp. Dennis Hayes, Aug. 13, 1862 
Martin V. B. Glover, Aug. 14, 1862 



Enlisted 
James Gordon, Aug. 11. 1862 

Killed July 1, 1863, at Gettys- 
burg. 
James Kane, Sept. 10, 1862 

Charles C. Chapman, Aug. 11, 1862 
Henrv B. Bigelow, Aug. 11, 1862 
Thomas Bradley, Aug. 11, 1862 
Corp. Al. Northrop, Aug. 12. 1862 
Matthew Colgan, Aug. 14, 1862 
Oliver Downs, Aug. 9, 1862 

John Hickey, Aug. 9, 1862 

Michael T. Holloran, July 11, 1862 
James Eagan, Aug. 5, 1862 

Alichael T. Halloran, July 11, 1862 
Henry A. S. Peet, Aug. 14, 1862 

Michael Ryan. Aug. 9. 1862 

Andrew Schriver. Aug. 13. 1862 

Lawrence Shaughness. Aug. 13.1862 
Pearl Smith. Aug. 13. 1862 

John Walsh, Aug. 12, 1862 

20th. Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Sergt. H. T. Manley, July 28. 1863 
Sergt. Chas. Shepherd, Aug. 14. 1863 
Sergt. I. C. Tomlinson, Aug. 5. 1863 
Corp. Fred. G. Alldis. July 28. 1863 
Corp. H. W. Benedict. Aug. 12, 1863 
Corp. Charles L. Dick,Aug. 10, 1863 
Corp. David W. Jones, Aug. 11, 1863 
Killed May 3. 1863, at Chan- 
cellorsville, Va. 
Corp. C. H. Roberts, Aug. 12, 1863 
Wounded Inly 3, 1863, at Get- 
tysburg; died, July 23, 1863 
Corp. Geo. H. Sherman. Aug. 3.1863 
Wag. Chas. W. Dayton. Aug. 4, 1863 
Lemuel Botsford, Aug. 11. 1863 

John S. Knapp, July 28, 1863 

John A. Lattin, Aug. 5, 1863 

George H. Lewis, Aug. 11, 1863 

23rcl Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Julius Sanford. Captain of 

Company C. Sept. 10, 1862 

1st. Lieut. John Peck, Aug. 24, 1862 
Sergt. Cyr. N. Squires. Aug. 25, 1862 
Corp. R. A. Fairchild, Sept. 12, 1862 
Corp. John Griffin, Sept. 10, 1862 
Corp. Bench Nichols, Sept. 11. 1863 
Corp. Austin L. Peck. Aug. 24. 1862 
Corp. Nelson I. Peck. Aug. 24, 1862 
Mus. Geo. P. Rlakeslee. Aug. 24.1862 
Charles Booth, Jr., Aug. 29, 1862 
Corp. Starr L. Booth, Aug. 24. 1862 
Corp. Edwin Benedict. Sept. 7, 1862 
George B. Camp, Aug. 24, 1862 

Henry B. Coger, Aug. 23, 1862 

Truman Guernsey, Aug. 25, 1862 
Wag. Flam M. Tongue, Sep.lO, 1862 
James M. Beers, Sept. 11, 1862 

Gustavus Briscoe, Sept. 11, 1862 
Charles Briscoe, Sent. 11, 1862 

Newell Clark, Sept. 11, 1862 

Michael Corbett, Sept. 8, 1862 



NEWTOWN'S MILITARY RECORD 



273 



Arthur Dimoii, 
Theodore B. Fairch 
David R. Prench, 
David A. Gillette, 
Henry Johnson, 
Michael Keenan, 
John Lillis, 
Patrick McDaniels, 
David M. Peck, 
Benajah Peet, 
Ammon Taylor, 
Daniel B. Weed, 
Hawley Beers, 
Henry A. Gilbert, 
Peter D. Olmstead, 
Peter M. Oakley, 
Martin Lillis, 
George R. Gage, 
John McGrath, 
Smith B. Wood, 



Enlisted 

Sept. 8, 1862 

ild, Sept. 23.1862 

Sept. 10. 1862 

Sept. 10, 1862 

Sept 14. 1862 

Sept. 8, 1862 

Sept. 13 ,1862 

Sept. 11, 1862 

Sept. 10, 1862 

Sept. 5, 1862 

Sept .10. 1862 

Sept .10. 1862 

Sept 2, 1862 

Sept. 2, 1862 

Sept. 2, 1862 

Oct. 27, 1862 

Nov. 5, 1862 

Nov. 12, 1862 

Nov. 10, 1862 

Nov. 11. 1862 



24th Regt. Conn. Vol*. 

Enlisted 
Sergt. Hugh Dunn, Aug. 13, 1862 
John H. Bumford, Sept. 20, 1862 
Bernard Kelly, Sept. 10. 1862 



29th (Colored) Regt. 

John Jones, 
Sergt. James Evans, 
Sergt. James Parker, 
Matthew Rigby, 
Corp. Allen Banks, 
James Adams, 
Jerome Brown, 
Hiram Cornell, 



Conn. Vols. 

Dec. 1, 1863 
Dec. 21, 1863 
Jan. 5, 1864 
Jan. 5. 1864 
Jan. 5, 1864 
Jan. 4, 1864 
Jan. 4, 1864 
Jan. 4, 1864 



31st (Colored) Regt. Conn. Vols. 

Asa Franklin, Dec. 22. 1863 



An incomplete list of the names of soldiers buried in Newtown 



In St. Rose's Cemetery: G. P. Lillis 
Dennis Hayes, Andrew Eagan, 
Bernard Casey, Martin Lillis, 

Colgan, Bernard Kelly. 

In Sandy Hook Cemetery: Freder- 
ick Wentzel, Charles Roberts, 

Benedict, Charles Sher- 
man, 1812, Curtis, John E. 

Glover, Lyman B. Somers. 

In Newtown Cemetery: George 
Blakeslee, Capt. Julius Sanford, 
Nelson Peck. Capt. Leonard J. 
Wright, Marion Wheeler. Daniel 
Camp, Herson Hawley, Peter 
Keeler, David Shepherd, Ben- 
jamin Matthews, Gustavus Bris- 
coe, Charles Briscoe. 

In Land's End Cemetery: William 
G. Hawley, Lemuel Wilkinson. 



David Peck. Andrew C. Hull. 
Henry Hoyt, Ely Seeley; in the 
Spanish-American War, Willis 
Hawley. 

In Taunton Cemetery: Edwin Ben- 
edict, Charles Butcher, Daniel 
Gregory, William Maynard, 
George B. Camp. Edward Taylor, 
George Taylor, Gustavus Briscoe. 

In Huntington Cemetery: William 
Fischer, Horace Gilbert, Ziba 
Glover in War of 1812, Arthur 
Dimon, Lemuel Botsford. 

In Cold Spring Cemetery: Elijah 
Nichols. George A. Bradley, 
Caleb Davis. 

In Zoar Cemetery: Charles Dayton 
and Martin Hook. 



The following "Newtown Boys" enlisted from some other place 
than their home town: 

3rd Heavy Artillery 

Edwin A. Banks, Norwalk, Jan. 2, 1864. 
George Clinton, Jan. 5, 1864 

3rd Light Battery 

Michael Carmody, Oxford, Sept. 15, 1864. 
Jasper L. Curtis, Seymour, Sept. 13, 1864. 
William E. Curtis, Seymour, Sept. IS. 1864. 
Edward Troy, Naugatuck, Sept. 9, 1864. 

5th Infantry 

Ephraim D. Briscoe, Hartford, Feb. 27, 1864. 

12th Infantry 

Wagoner, Orlando N. Piatt, Oxford, Aug. 9, 1862. 



274 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

15th Infantry 

Sergeant Daniel Camp, Naugaluck, Aug. 9, 1862. 

17th Infantry 
George Lake, Roxbury, Dec. 30, 1863. 
1st Lieutenant, Albert W. Peck, Bridgeport, July, 23, 1862. 

23rd Infantry 

Sergeant Robert B. Fairchild, Bridgeport, Sept. 30, 1862. 

Brooklyn Zonaves 
Adelbert Nash. 

CUSTER POST, No. 46, G. A. R., 

Was mustered in at Sanford's Hall, Aug. 15, 1878. The records 
show that the ceremonies were performed by Senior Vice and Act- 
ing Department Commander Charles E. Fowler of New Haven, as- 
sisted by Comrades from Bridgeport, Danbury, New Haven and 
Hartford. 

The following named comrades were duly initiated and instructed 
in the secret work of the order : William C. Wile, Chas. Rinisland, 
A. W. Peck, G. P. Lillis, Edward Troy, Chas. W. Dayton, Daniel 
Camp, James Taylor, L. W. Williams, William Sniffen, Patrick 
McMahon, Chas. Hawley, Frederick Wentzel, George W. Graham. 
Chas. Riebold, Alpheus Northrop, Matthew Colligan, Chas. F. Hub- 
bell, John Ferris, Henry Orgleman, Benjamin Horton, Levi M. 
Williams, George Blakeslee, Andrew Hamlin, James Sinith, L. J. 
Wright, Bernard Casey, Henry Johnson, and Michael McMahon. 

At the conclusion of the muster-in ceremonies, the Post formed 
in line and escorted the visiting officers and comrades to Sandy 
Hook where a public installation was held on the grounds of Hobart 
Warner, (the E. T. H. Gibson place,) Commander Fowler acting 
as mustering officer. The following were the officers installed ; — 
Commander, Wm. C. Wile ; S. V. Commander, Chas. Rinisland, 
J. V. Commander, A. W. Peck; Adjutant, Griffin P. Lillis; Quarter- 
master, Edward Troy ; Officer of the Day, Chas. W. Dayton ; Chap- 
lain, James Taylor ; Surgeon, L. W. William ; O. Guard, Daniel 
Camp; Sergt. Major, Wm. SnifYen ; O. M. Sergt. P. McMahon; 
Sentinel, Chas. Hawley ; Sentinel. Fred Wentzel ; 

Of those mentioned in connection with the mustering-in of the 
Post, all except Edward Troy and Chas. E. Hawley have answered 
the final roll call. The present members of the Post, Nov. 1918, 
are, Commander Edward Troy ; Sen. Vice Commander, Henry B. 
Coger; Jun. Vice Commander Chas. G. Blakeman; Adjutant, 
Ephraim D. Briscoe; Quarter Master, Chas. E. Flawley; Chaplain, 
Ammon Taylor ; Officer of the Day, Patrick Lynch. These with 
Beach Nichols, now at a Soldier's Home, Dayton, Ohio and Charles 
M. Parsons of New Haven, are the remaining members of the roll 
of Custer Post. Only nine left of the seventy-seven. 
"On Fame's eternal camping ground 
Their silent tents are spread 
And Nature guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead" 
Note : Charles E. Hawley passed away Jan. 5, 1919. 
Patrick Lynch passed away April 2, 1919. 




DR. WILLIAM C. WILL 

First Commander of Custer Post 
See Page 274 




EDWARD ll^OY 

Last Comniaiulcr of Custer Post 
See Page 274 



NEWTOWN'S MILITARY RECORD 



275 



The following is the Roll of Members of Custer Post, No. 46, G. 
A. R. as appears from the records : 



Albertin, E. T. 
Ashmead, George 

Ball, Chas. H. 
Benedict, Ephraim 
Blakeman, Chas. G. 
Blakeslee, George B. 
Bradley, George A. 
Briscoe, Chas L. 
Briscoe, Ephraim D. 
Butcher, Chas. 

Camp, Daniel 
Camp, George B. 
Casey, Barney 
Clark, Lemuel B. 
Coger, Henry B. 
Colgan, Matthew 
Conger, Chas. T. 
Costello, Michael 
Crofut, Horace S. 
Curtis, Charles G. 

Dayton, Chas. W. 

Ferris, John 

Gilbert, Chas. E. 
Gilbert, Horace Jr. 
Graham, George W. 
Gray George B. 

Hamblin, Andrew E. 
Hawlej', Chas. E. 
Hooper, Wm. L. 
Horton, Benjamin 
Hotchkiss, Hubbard A. 
Hotchkiss, Levi H. 

Johnson, Henry 
Jorey, Peter 

Keating, Patrick 

LUlis, Griffin P. 
Lillis, Martin 



Lockwood, Eli 
Lynch, Patrick 

Mason, Louis S. 
McGuire, Chas. A. 
McMahon, Michael 
McMahon, P. 
Morey, Lewis 
Murphy, Thomas O. 

Nash, Adelbert 
Nichols, Beach 
Northrop, Alpheus 

Orgelman, H. 

Parsons, Chas. M. 
Peck, Albert W. 

Reibold, Chas. 
Rinisland, Chas. 
Roswell. E. J. 

Smalley, Garret E. 
Smith, Chas. L. 
Smith, James 
Sniffen. Wm. B. 
Squires, John C. 
Stowe, Wm. D. 

Taft, Frederick B. 
Taylor, James 
Taylor, Milton C. 
Tongue Elam 
Troy, Edward 

Wayland, John B. 
Weed, Daniel 
Wentz, George 
Wentzel, Frederick 
Wile. Wm. C. 
Williams, George 
Williams, Levi 
Williams, Lewis W. 
Wilson, James A. 
Wright, Leonard 



Only two from Newtown were in the Spanish-American war. Willis 
Hawley, who died in Hospital at Philadelphia. Pa., of typhoid fever. Charles 
G. Morris, enlisted in the Navy June 15th, 1898: was rated coxswain, acting 
first class boatswain's mate. Discharged Aug. 22, 1898. 



CONNECTICUT HOME GUARD. 

Following the declaration by Congress of a "State of war" be- 
tween this country and Germany, the State Legislature in March, 
1917 passed a law, approved March 9, 1917, authorizing the Govern- 
or to appoint a board composed of three members to be known as 
The Military Emergency Board to "take proper action to perfect 
and maintain a body of armed troops for constabulary duty within 
the state of Connecticut to be known as the Home Guard." 

Following the appointment of this Board, recruiting officers were 



276 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

appointed in the various cities, towns and villages of the state and 
our town was so fortunate as to have as recruiting officer, Captain 
Seaman M. Mead, an officer of experience and a long time member 
of the Coast Artillery Corps, C. N. G., then on the retired list. 

Captain Mead at once issued a call for a meeting to be held in 
the Brick Building, Newtown, on Monday evening, March 26th, for 
the purpose of organizing a Home Guard company for this town. 

The meeting was largely attended, in fact the crowd was so 
large that the room was too small and an adjournment was made to 
the dining-room of The Newtown Inn, which was kindly placed at 
his disposal. 

Captain Mead briefly stated the purpose and scope of the organi- 
zation and called for enlistments. The response was so enthusiastic 
that Capt. Mead asked Messrs. Harry M. Greenman, Jesse B. 
Woodhull and Hermann N. Tieniann, Sr., to assist in making 
out the papers. 

At that meeting the following men enlisted: — Edward B. Allen, 
Robert H. Beers, J. Robert Beecher, Frank E. Banks, Louis T. 
Briscoe, John C. Beers, Adolph Carlson, Henry G. Carlson, Willis 
E. Carter, Harry M. Greenman, Walter L. Glover, Frank C. 
Goodsell, Villeroy G. Hard Jr., John Hendriksen, William E. Honan, 
Charks L. Jackson, William A. Leonard, Edward S. Lovell, L. 
Phillips Morris, Levi C. Morris, Patrick H. McCarthy, Arthur A. 
McDonald, George A. Northrop, Charles G. Peck, Oscar G. Pitz- 
schler, Edward S. Pitzschler, Robert W. Tiemann, Hermann N. 
Tiemann Sr., George M. Stuart, Rodney P. Shepard, Allison P. 
Smith, Jesse B. Woodhull and Hervey W. Wheeler. 

Another meeting was held in Sandy Hook the following Saturday, 
March 31st., and the following enlisted: — Harold I. Bishop, George 
L. Clark, Martin L. Conger, Thomas J. Corbett, William H. Planlon, 
Carl A. Johnson, Charles B. Johnson, Michael Kilbride, James E. 
Lynch, Charles G. Meeker, W. John Murphy, George V. Pearsall, 
Matthew Rhomoser, Patrick M. Shea, Anson B. Trimble and 
Edward W. Troy. 

A number of the above were rejected on their physical examina- 
tion, but recruits kept coming in until sixty-one had enlisted and 
a company was formed with Seaman M. Mead as Captain. He 
immediately started drills, the drills being held alternately in the 
Town Hall, Newtown and St. Rose's Hall, Sandy Hook, and he had 
Hermann N. Tiemann Sr., and Harry M. Greenman appointed First 
and Second Lieutenants respectively. 

At the start great difficulty was experienced in getting uniforms 
and equipment, owing to the tremendous demand for such things 
to equip the Regulars, the National Guard and the large number 
of military organizations which were being formed; and before we 
were uniformed, Captain Mead was ordered to the Reserve Officers 
Training Camp at Madison Barracks, N. Y. 

The company then held a meeting and elected Hermann N. 



NEWTOWN'S MILITARY RPXORD 277 

Tiemann Sr. Captain, Harry M. Greentnan 1st. Lieutenant and 
Henry G. Carlson 2nd. Lieutenant. It also elected the following 
civil officers : 

Pres. H. W. Wheeler. 

Vice-Pres. R. P. Shepard. 

Sec'y P. H. McCarthy. 

Treas. E. C. Piatt. 

The subject of drills then came up and it was found almost 
impossible to agree as to when they should be held, as open air 
drills were needed, the Town Hall and St. Rose's Hall being too 
small to use, except for squad drills. However that matter was 
finally settled, and the drills went on. 

Meanwhile the Co. was still trying to get uniforms and equip- 
ment. Finally, after much correspondence and a trip to Hartford 
to see the Chief Quartermaster, it was told it could have its rifles 
if it would send for them. Mr. Edmund C. Piatt of Hawleyville 
kindly offered his motor truck for that purpose and on May 30th 
Corporal R. W. Tiemann with a detail went to Hartford and got the 
rifles. Pvt. Charles L. Jackson drove. 

All this time the various National Guard units were preparing to 
be mustered into the Federal service and all kinds of rumors were 
rife as to disposition of the Home Guard, from being sent to the 
Texan border to being sent to France, but the drills went steadily 
forward and the men began to show considerable proficiency when 
a General Order was received from Home Guard Headquarters by 
which the Newtown company was reduced to one Active, or First 
Line, platoon, the second platoon being held as a Reserve. Capt. 
Tiemann, whose commission as captain had not been issued altho 
he had been officially addressed by that title from Headquarters, 
was told to take command of the Active platoon with the rank of 
1st Lieutenant, Lieutenants Greenman and Carlson were returned 
to the ranks and the number of non-coms was materially reduced. 

However, the drills kept up and the platoon \vas invited to par- 
ticipate, with the other units of the District, in the Fourth of July 
parade in Bridgeport. 

On receiving this invitation the Chief Quartermaster was gotten 
in touch with and asked about uniforms. He said he could furnish 
them if they were sent for and on Sunday July 1st Sergt. John 
Hendriksen and Corpl. Frank C. Goodsell volunteered to go to 
Hartford with their autos and get the uniforms which enabled the 
platoon to take part in the parade. 

Courtesy of Lieut. Hermann N. Tiemann, Sr. 



278 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

NEWTOWN'S HONOR ROLL 

Names of men from Newtown in U. S. Service 1917 — 1919: — 

Anderson, Fred, 1917— Co. E. 102nd Inf. A. E. F. 

Bailey, Jesse M., D. C. M. 1917— San. Detachment 103 M. G. Bat. A. E. F. 
Bailey, John F., 1918 — Motor Co. Camp Greenleaf, Georgia. 
Barnett, Lieut. William Edward, 1917— Co. B. 104th Inf. A. E. F. 

Was with U. S. Cavalry on the Mexican border in 1916. 
Barnett, Capt. Rev. Francis B., 1917— A. E. F. 

Rector Christ Church, Ridley Park, Phila., Pa. 
Barnett, Rev. Joseph N., 1917— Co. A. 303rd M. G. Bat. A. E. F. 

Was Curate at St. George's Church, New York. 
Bale, Thomas, 1918— 26th Reg. 3rd Amb. Corp. A. E. F. 

*Beehler, Lieut. Charles H., 1917— Aviation. Killed in action Nov. 1918 A.E.F. 
Beehler, Robert M., 1917— Navy 
Beers, Wagoner George Herbert, 1917 — Cited for bravery 102nd Amb. Co. 

26th Div. A. E. F. 
Beers, H. Sanford, 1918 — Naval Training Station, Boston Harbor. 
Behn, W. L., 1918— Co. C. 301st Engineers A.E.F. 
Blake, Lieut. James E., 1917— 26th Eng. Co. C, A. E. F. 
Blake, Michael J., 1918—321 Aero Service Squad, A. E. F. 

Carey H. F.. 1918— U. S. A. A S. with French Army, France. 
Carey, T. P. 1918 — Fort Storv, Virginia. 

Carmody, Lieut. Richard, 1917— C. C. A. 1st Bat. 56th. Reg. San. Dept. A. E. F. 
Carr, William E. 1917 — Quartermasters Corps. Finance Branch A. E. F 
Cavanaugh, Corp. Paul V., 1918 — S. A. T. C. Columbia University, N. Y. 
Coholon, Lieut. Philip, 1918 — Discharged 
Cole, Charles H., 1917 — Mobile Veterinary, A. E. F. 
Conger, Martin L., 1918. 

Conger, William R. 1917—168 Aerial Squadron, A. E. F. 

Crick, Corp. James W., 1918 — Motor Truck Co. 465 Motor Supply Train, 
A. E. F. 

Davidson, George I., 1917— 103rd Co. F. Artillery, A. E. F. 

Donlon, Michael J., 1918— 3rd Div. B. N. Co. I. Camp Upton, L. I. 

Driscoll, William E., 1917— 102nd San. Train, Field Hos. 27th Div., A. E. F. 

Dubret, Albert, 1917—504 Engineers Bat. Co. D., A. E. F. 

Dutcher, Richard H., 1918— U. S. Naval Training Station, Pelham Bay. N. Y. 

Edwards, Charles L., 1917 — Co. F. 328th Inf. Camp Gordon, Atlanta, Ga 
Elko, Andrew Jr., 1918— Co. K. 5th Inf. U. S. Army, Panama. 
Fairchild, Sergt. Arthur W., 1917— 103rd Machine Gun Bat. San Detach. 
Fairchild, Robert D., 1917— Mobile Veterinary, Sec. 2— 2nd Div., A. E. F. 
Ferris, Capt. George M., 1917 — Washington D. C. 
Was Candidate for Holy Orders, Trinity Ch., Newtown, Conn. 

Gale, Gordon J., 1918 — S. A. T. C. Wesleyan University, Conn. 

Galyas, John, 1918. 

George, Lieut. James Hardin, 1918 — Y. M. C. A., B. E. F., France. 

Rev. James Hardin George, Rector of Calvary Ch., Columbia, Missouri. 

Glover, Walter H., 1918— Fire Island, N. Y. 

Goldstein, Corp. Israel, 1917— Bat. F. 103rd Reg. F. A., A. E .F. 

Goodsell. Sergt. Frank C, 1917— Co. L. 56th Inft., A E. F. 

Gracco, Nicholas, 1918. 

Hanlon, Edgar, — Annile Transport Dept., A. E. F. 

Hanlon, Richard— 21 Co. 20th Eng. A. P. O. 738, A. E. F. 

Hawlev, Maj. James N., 1917. 

Hawley, Robert. 1918. 

*Hawley. Philo, 1918— Died in the service. 

Hicock, Ely P., 1918— Motor Amb. Co. 44. A. E. F. 



NEWTOWN'S MILITARY RECORD 279 

Hicock, Sergt. Henry 1918— Co. C. 504th Engineering Brigade, A. E. F. 

Hillhouse, Henry, 1917 — Portsmouth, Virginia. 

Hillhouse Julian, 1917 — Discharged. 

Honan, Miss. Kathryn A., 1918— Nurse, U. S. Hospital No. 9, Lakewood. N. J. 

Honan, Michael J., 1918— 16th Co. 4th Reg. Motor Mechanic D. M. A., A. E. F. 

Hurd, Charles, l9l8 — Camp Devens, Mass. 

James, Herbert T., 1918— U. S. N. Air Station, Kiliingholme, N. Y. 
James, Jesse Loderick, 1917 — 3rd Amb. Corps., 101st San. Div. A. E. F. 

Keane, John J., 1918— Co. F., 316th U. S. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Keane, Joseph D., 1917 — U. S. S. Leviathan. 

Kelly. Francis D., 1917— 3rd Balloon Squad. Aviation Sec. Signal Corp.A.EF 

Kelly, John R., 1918— S. A. T. C, Columbia University, N. Y. 

Kiniry, Frank J., 1918— Co. F. 316th Regular Inf.. A. E. F. 

Klingler, Arnold, 1918 

Klinger, Werner, 1918 — 2nd Bat. Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland 

Kraeplin, Edward, 1918 — 3rd Co. U. S. Naval Training Sta. Gulfport, Miss. 

Lang, Alonzo, 1918 — 10th Co. Fort Story, Virginia. 

Larner, Patrick, 1918— Co. B. 7th Bat. U. S. N. G., Conn. 

Liefield, Clemence A., 1918 — Co. C. Evac. Hos. Camp Greenleaf, Chickamauga 

Park, Ga. 
Lillis, John, 1918— 152nd Depot Brigade Camp Upton, N. Y. 
Lovejoy, Leroy J., 1918. 

Lynch, James E., Cook, 1917— Bat. A. 319th Heavv Artillery, A. E. F. 
Lynch, John G., 1918— Co. 57, Med. Replacement Unit. A. E. F. 
Lynch, Thomas F., 191^— 114th Inf. M. G. Co.. A. E. F. 

Maynard, Benjamin S., 1918 — U. S. Naval Aviation Forces in France, A. E. F. 

McMahon, Alfred, 1918— Battery B. 12th Field Artillery, A. E. F. 

Mead, 1st Lieut. Seaman M., 1918 — Selfridge Field, Aviation. Mount Clemens, 

Michigan. Lieut. Mead enlisted for the Spanish American War with a 

Stamford Co. 
Meeker, Clarence G., 1917— Co. A. 102nd Reg. U. S. Inf. A. E. F. 
Morris, Sergt. Levi Phillips. 1917 — Central Records Office, A. G. O. Dept., 

A. E. F. 

Nichols, George E., 1918 — U. S. S. Agamemnon. 
O'Dea, Earl T., 1917 — Engineering Co., A. E. F. 

Peck, Lieut. Albert W., 1917— Base Hospital No. 15, Qu'tmaster Medical Co. 

A. E F. 
Peck, Lieut Col. Charles H.. 1917 — Asst. Director of General Surgery. A.E.F. 

Returned to U. S. for service. 
♦Peek. Segt. C. Howard, Jr., 1917— Base Hospital No. 15. Died March 7th, 

1918. A. E. F. 
Perkins. Corp. Frank E., 1918 — Adm. Labor Co. 50, A. E. F. 
Peterson. Otto, 1917 — Co. H. 1st Conn. Inf. Camp Yale, New Haven. Conn. 
Peterson. Walter. 1918 — Camp Wheeler. Georgia. 
Pippines, Nicholas. 1918. 
Pitzchler, Corp. Edward S., 1917. 10th Co. 3rd Bat. Depot Brigade. Camp 

Devens, Fitchburg, Mass. 
Piatt. Charles. 1918— S. A. T. C. Columbia University. N. Y. 
Piatt, Percival C, 1917— H'dq't's Surgical Directors, A. E. F. 

Rasmussen, John L.. 1917— Co. F. 56th Eng.. A. E. F. 

Ray. Rvder. 1918— Co. E. 367th Reg., A. E. F. 

Read. Fred, W. B.. 1918. H'dq't's. No. 1. Hos. Group Camp Greenleaf. 

Chickamauga. Ga. 
Reynolds. Sergt. Lester J.. 1918 — Camp Polk. North Carolina. 
Roemer. Sergt. Otto, 1917— 34th Co. 9th Bat. 151st Depot Brig.. Camp Devens 

Fitchburg, Mass. 

RuflFels,Clarence, 1917. 

Scanlon. John J.. 1917— Base Hospital. No. 18. A. E. F. 



280 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORIAN 

♦Slater, Carl H., 1918— 316th Infantry Supply. Died in service, A. E. F. 
St. John, Earl G., 1918. 

Terrill. Herbert W., 1918— Co. D., 113th Inf., A. E. F. 

Tiemann, Corp. Robert W., 1918— Co. D., 316th Inf., A. E. F. 

Tilson, Frank S., 1918— Prov. Unit C, Q. M. C. Register Service. A. E. F. 

Tilson, Josiah, 1918 — Co. 16Tr. Bu. Replacement group. Camp Greenleaf, 

Chickamauga, Ga. 
Tobias, David C, 1917— Ordnance Dept. 110th Am. Train, A. E. F. 
Troy, Francis J., 1918 — Fitting-out Sec. Naval Dis. Base, New London, Conn. 
Troy, John Joseph, 1918 — Co. F. 74th Inf. Camp Devens, Mass. 
Troy, Corp. John P., 1918— Adm. Labor, Co. 14, A. E. F. 

Valenti, Peter J., 1917— U. S. Armed Guard, Camp Sims, Phila. Naval Yard. 
Valentine, George J., 1917—111 Machine Gun Co. U. S. Inf., A. E. F. 

Wetmore, Corp. Fred, 1917 — Co. C. 33rd Inf. Gatun Canal Zone. 
Wetmore, Corp. Jesse, 1917 — Co. C. 33rd Inf. Gatun Canal Zone. 
Wheeler. Russell. 1918— Naval Training Station, Pelham Bay, N. Y. 
Wirtes, Stephen, 1917 — Remount Depot. Camp Devens, Mass. 
Woodhull, Jesse B., 1917— O. E. C. Nat. Army Chief Ordnance, A. E. F. 
WulfT. Theodore L.. 1917— Bat. C. 3rd Field Art.. A. E. F. 
Yawman, James W., 1918— Base Vet. Hos. No. 1., A. E. F. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WAR LOANS. 

During the war with Germany, our Government issued four war 
loans, or Liberty Loans, as they are called, two in 1917 and two in 
1918. 

The people of Newtown subscribed over $500,000 for these bonds 
and the entire amount was paid the Government to help carry on 
and win the war.The Newtown Savings Bank received the subscrip- 
tions, collected the money and forwarded it to the Federal Reserve 
Bank of New York. 

In the Third Liberty Loan campaign. Honor Flags were presented 
to towns and communities attaining their quota. The quota as- 
signed to Newtown was quickly oversubscribed and Newtown was 
the first town in the State to be awarded an Honor Flag ; the first 
town in the State to receive and fly the flag and win the first Gold 
star on the Honor Roll Board at the State Capitol. Hartford. For 
having trebled its quota two blue stars were also awarded this town 
and were sewed on the flag. W. G. McAdoo. Secretary of the 
United States Treasury, telegraphed his congratulations to the 
people of Newtown for the renewed evidence of their loyalty and 
patriotism. 

In the Fourth Liberty Loan campaign there was another Honor 
Flag contest. The campaign started Saturday, Sept. 28, 1918. 
Newtown's quota was $92,300 and before 9 o'clock Monday morning 
over $121,000 had been subscribed. The Honor Flag was awarded 
that day and at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning, October 1, 1918, it was 
flying from the Newtown Savings Bank building. Newtown had 
again won high honors. There was no other town in the State 
ahead of it for "first honors" and it was undoubtedly the only town 
in the State at that time having two Honor Flags in its possession. 
The total subscriptions to the Fourth Loan were over $192,000, two 
blue stars being won, as in the Third contest. 



THE RED CROSS WORK 281 

The people of Newtown have helped to keep alight the torch of 
Liberty and uphold justice and democracy throughout the world. 

In a letter received from Governor Marcus II. llolcomb, dated 
October 14, 1918, he congratulated the town and said, "the record 
which Newtown has made is one of which it may well be proud and 
one which will be a source of pride to its citizens in the future." 

NOTE — The credit of the prompt raising of these Liberty Loans, is due 
largely to the indefatigable effort of the Treasurer of Newtown Savings 
Bank, Arthur T. Nettleton. 



THE RED CROSS WORK 

Newtown's Military Record will be incomplete unless it includes 
some account of the Red Cross work. 

Although much interest was manifested in the work and through 
the leadership of Mrs. James W. Gordon, entertainments were 
given, money raised and deposited in the Savings Bank for the 
purpose of purchasing a Ford Ambulance to be sent to France as 
Newtowm's gift to the soldiers, no organization was effected until 
March 11th. 1917, w^hen twenty ladies met in the Guild room of 
Trinity Church and elected officers ; but because of an epidemic in 
mild form of small pox, work was not started until May 15th, 1917. 

The organization is an Auxiliarv of Bridgeport. Its officers, from 
May 15th. 1917, to Oct., 1918 were; Chairman, Mrs. E. B. Allen; 
Treasurer, Mrs. F. H. Mitchell ; Secretary, Miss Charlotte C. Minor ; 
Chairman of Surgical Dressings, Mrs. A. J. Smith; Knitting, Mrs. 
H. N. Tiemann ; Garments and Hospital Supplies, Miss C. C. Minor. 

The meetings were held in the Guild room of Trinity Church until 
the Autumn of 1917, since which time they have been held in the 
parlor of the Congregational Church, Tuesdays from 10 A. M. to 
5 P. M. coffee being served at noon, each lady taking her own lunch. 

Miss Dorothy Allen one of the prime movers in the organization, 
did good work soliciting funds and with her car brought material 
for all branches and returned the finished work to Bridgeport 
headquarters. Milton C. Hull of Danbury a returned soldier, capt- 
ured her in August 1918. 

The officers elected Oct., 1918, for the year were. Chairman. Mrs. 
F. H. Mitchell ; Treasurer, Mrs. L. C. Morris ; Secretary, Mrs. A. B. 
Blakeman ; Chairman of Surgical Dressings, Mrs. A. J. Smith; 
Knitting, Miss 15. Frances Honan ; Garments and Hospital Supplies, 
Miss Charlotte C. Minor. The branches of the Newtown Auxiliary 
are, Sandy Hook, meeting Tuesdays with Mrs. T. F. Brew. Chair- 
man; Botsford, meeting Wednesdays, at the home of some member. 
Mrs. Herbert T. Coger, Chairman; Dodgingtown, meeting Thurs- 
days at the home of some member, Mrs. R. D. Smith, Chairman. 

Christmas, 1917, 55 Christmas boxes were shipped to the boys in 
France and U. S. Camps. Easter 1918, 20 boxes were shipped to 
France. As no Christmas boxes could be shipped to France in 1918, 
to each boy was sent a special Christmas Card, which was a poem by 
Mrs. A. B. Blakeman, printed by Mr. Frank Wright of the Newtown 



282 NEWTOWN'S HISTORY AND HISTORY 

Bee. Christmas l^uxes were sent to all boys in Camps in this 
country. 

About 60 boys were completely outfitted with sweater, two pairs 
socks, helmet, wristlets and comfort kit. 

The town's people gave, in Feb., 1918, a War Supper, to raise 
money to buy clothing for refugee children. Sufficient money was 
raised for material for 419 garments, which were sent to Col. Chas. 
H. Peck, who distributed them in a home for refugee children in 
Liefra-Aube, France, in the Somme section. 

In April another War Supper was given ; the money to be added 
to the Ambulance fund, but finding that no more Ford ambulances 
would be accepted by the Government, a "Kitchen-trailer" was 
])urchased and sent to the 102nd Ambulance Co. 

In July, 1918, Mrs. C. O. Kraeplin gave the use of "Sophie's Tea 
Room" and grounds to the ladies of the Botsford branch for a Red 
Cross sale of fancy articles, food, etc. 

The net receipts were more than $300, for the Red Cross treasury. 

A quilt made by Mrs. Alfred Osborn, containing 2,288 pieces given 
for the sale, sold by ticket for more than $50.00 and a beautiful 
doily of embroiderv and crochet made by Mrs. Levi C. Gilbert, sold 
by ticket for about $40.00. 

From May 1917 to Dec. 31st, 1917, 3004 hospital garments and 
bandages were completed; from Dec. 31st, 1917 to Dec. 31st, 1918. 
8526 hospital garments and 676 refugee garments were completed, 
making a total of 9202 garments. Of knitted garments, including 
sweaters, socks, helmets and mufflers, 2064 were completed. 

The making of Surgical Dressings was commenced in July, 1918 
and continued until Dec, during which time 13710 were folded. 

Great credit is due the officers of all the branches and their faith- 
ful workers for punctual attendance at the meetings and interest 
manifested in doing the required work, not only during the war 
but since the signing of the armistice, in the making of hospital 
and refugee garments. 

It is worthy of note that a group of Hawleyville Red Cross 
workers have almost invariably been met at the R. R. Station by 
Mr. Cornelius B. Taylor, been taken to the Red Cross rooms, and 
taken to the Station for their return. Donations from him of fresh 
fruit during the summer were frequently enjoyed during the lunch 
hour. 

In addition to the work reported by the different branches, a 
Junior Auxiliary composed of 68 pupils of the High School, under 
the supervision of Miss Houlihan, contributed the making of 150 
Property bags by the girls and 100 splints by the boys. 

Over $123.00 has been handed in as the pledge made by students 
at High School, to personally earn and donate to the United War 
Work Campaign. 

Pupils from some of the public schools and the parochial school 
have met each Saturday P. M. with Mrs. T. F. Brew and under her 
instructions have knitted six blankets for Belgian babies. More 
blankets have been knitted by the children in other districts under 
the instruction of their teachers. 



THE RED CROSS WORK 283 

In the expectation of the home-coming of the Soldiers and Sailors, 
a beautiful "Welcome Home" flag has been designed and made by 
Mrs. Levi C. Morris, and donated to the town by the Red Cross. 

It is hung between the Congregational Church and the store of 
R. H. Beers. 

The Red Cross also furnished one for the R. R. Station and one 
for Sandy Hook. 

As the last pages of this Record go to press a movement is on 
foot to erect by the town, as a Soldiers' and Sailors' Testimonial, 
a new High School building. 



By the courtesy of State Librarisui, Geo. S. Godard 
the following list has been received 

NEWTOWN MEN IN THE WAR OF 1812 
Record of Conn. Militia in the War of 1812 

CampSamuel place of service not shown. 

Curtis, A b i j a h, capt. service at New London, under Lieut.- 

col. T. Shepard, Aug. 3, 1813 to Sept. 
16, 1813. 
" Abijah B. capt. service at New Haven under Col. Elihu 

Sanford, Sept. 8, 1814 to Oct. 20, 1814. 

Fairchild, Kiah B. serg't. place of service not shown, under com- 
mand of Arnold Foot, Oct. 24, 1814 to 
Nov. 15, 1814. 

Glover, Ebeneizer B., priv. place of service not shown, under com- 
mand of Ransom C. Canfield, Aug. 3, 
1813 to Sept. 16, 1813. 
" V i 1 1 e r o y, corp. place of service, New London, under 

command of Abijah B. Curtis, Aug. 3, 
1813 to Sept. 16, 1813. 
" " " place of service not shown under com- 

mand of Abijah B. Curtis, Sept. 8, 1814 
to Oct. 20, 1814. 
" Ziba place of service not shown. 

Nichols, Henry, priv. place of service New London, under com- 
mand of Abijah B. Curtis, Aug. 3, 1813 
to Sept. 16, 1813 also 
" " " place of service not shown, under com- 

mand of Abijah B. Curtis, Sept. 8, 1814 
to Oct. 20, 1814. 

Prindle, Joseph, " place of service not shown, under com- 

mand of Seth Comstock, Sept. 16, 1813 
to Nov. 1, 1813. 



284 THE RED CROSS WORK 

Sherman, Charles. niaj. place of service not shown, commander 

not shown, June 11 1813 to Junel3, 1813. 

" " " place of service New Haven, under com- 

mand of Col. Elihu Sanford. Sept. 8, 
1814 to Oct. 21, 1814. 

•* " priv. place of service, New^ London, under 

command of Charles French, June 1, 

1813 to June 16, 1814. 

" " " place of service not shown, under com- 

mand of Charles French, Aug. 9. 1814 
to Aug. 16, 1814. 

" " muse, place of service, Ne wLondon, under 

command of Abijah B. Curtis, Aug. 3, 

1814 to Sept. 16, 1813. 

" " " place of service not shown, under com- 

mand of Abijah B. Curtis, Sept 8, 1814 
to Oct. 20, 1814. 

Stilson, Abel, jr. priv. place of service not shown, under com- 
mand of Arnold Foot, Oct. 24, 1814 to 
Nov. 15, 1814. 

W'inton, Czar, priv. place of service not shown, under com- 

mand of Arnold Foot, Oct. 24, 1814 to 
Nov. 15, 1814. 

Abijah B. Curtis was commissioned Major at the close of the 
war. His sw^ord, presented by his grand-daughter, Mrs. H. C. 
Miles of Milford, Conn., to the Connecticut Society of Daughters 
of 1812, is placed in the State Library at Hartford in a beautiful 
case which has been presented to the Society. 



Enlisting orders for the military corps to be formed for the 
defence of the state. 

Roll of enlistments in 2d Co. 1st reg't infantry, Newtown, Feb. 
10, 1813. 

Elihu S. Curtis 

Zachariah Prindle 

Ithamar Merwin 

Chancy Tibbell, for 45 days 

Philer H. Dibble for the present tower of duty 

Leveret (Heath?) for the present tower of duty 

Harry Blakeley for the present tower of duty 

Lyman Beecher for the present tower of duty 

Asahel Harington, 18th Sept. 1814 for the present tower of duty 

Charles Wheeler, 18th Sept. 1814 for the present tower of duty 

Samuel Addison, 18th Sept. 1814 for 14 days 

Bennitt Prindle for 1 month from the 18th of Sept. 1814 

Eathiel Whitney for this tower of duty 

Ira Keeler, Oct. 8th to the end of this tower of service 

Abijah B. Curtis 



INDUSTRIES OF NEWTOWN IN 1852—1853 1 

For the matter that makes up the greater i)art of this we are 
indebted to the Newtown Academician, a monthly paper issued by 
the pupils of Newtown Academy in 1852 and 1853. The pupils of 
the school builded better than they knew, when they scurried about 
town and got together so many "ads", showing the great variety 
of business enterprises successfully carried on in our town, not by 
any means confined in location to the business centers of the town. 

From no other source can any one form the faintest idea of con- 
ditions as then existing, so far as relates to industries, other than 
that of farming. An interesting bit of history this that comes down 
from a former generation and we do well to give due credit to the 
source from w^hich our information comes. Though the Academi- 
cian was short lived, it w^as useful in its day and generation. 

Business cards of professional men and ads of various Newtown 
industries copied from the Newtown Acadamician of 1852 and 1853: 

NEWTOWN STREET 

DAVID H. BELDEN— Attorney and Counsellor ai Law; office at his resi- 
dence, second door north of Trinity church. 

DAVID B. BEERS — Attorney and Counsellor at law; office first door south 
of Academy. 

AMOS S. TREAT — Attorney and Counsellor at Law; office first door south 
of Postoffice. 

C. H. BOOTH, M. D. — Physician and Surgeon; office at his residence, third 
door south of the Hotel. 

ERASTUS ERWIN — Physician and Surgeon; office opposite the Hotel. 

GEORGE JUDSON — Physician and Surgeon ; office at his residence, north 
end of the street. 

MONROE JUDSON, M. D. — Physician and Surgeon; office at his residence 
nearly opposite Charles Fairman's shoe store. 

MISS MARIA FAIRMAN— Milliner; head of the Main Street, keeps con- 
stantly on hand an assortment of millinery goods, bonnets, ribbons, 
silks, flowers, etc. 

HENRY SANFORD — Dealer in dry goods, groceries, crockery, produce, 
drugs and medicines, etc. 

EDWARD STARR — Dealer in dry goods, groceries, crockery, produce, 
boots and shoes, ready made clothing, drugs, medicines, etc. 

DAVID H. JOHNSON — Dealer in dry goods, groceries, crockery, hardware, 
produce, drugs, and medicines, etc. 

WILLIAM BLAKESLEE— Gold and Silversmith; watches, clocks and 
jewelry repaired to order; shop at head of the street. 

GLOVER & ALLEN — Joiners and House Builders ; shop west of Congre- 
gational church. 

CHARLES FAIRMAN — Boot and Shoemaker; store above D. H. Johnson's 
store. 

PIKE & BROTHER— Boot and Shoemakers; opposite the Hotel. 

GEORGE PECK — Custom Boot and Shoemaker; shop near the foot of 
Church Hill. 

BURR H.A.WLEY— Tailor ; shop next door above D. H. Johnson's store. 

NEWTOWN HOTEL— S. P. Barnum. Proprietor. 

ISAAC BRISCOE'S MEAT MARKET— Near the head of the Street. 

THEOPHILUS NICHOLS— Agent for the best Fire, Life and Health 
Insurance Company. 

ISAAC BEERS— Manufacturer of every variety of Horn Combs; factory 
in rear of Trinity church. 

GEORGE LAWRENCE— Manufacturer of Horn Combs: factory first door 
south of the Hotel. 

CHAS. FAIRI^IAN'S LIVERY STABLE— In the rear of his Shoe Store. 



2 INDUSTRIES OF NEWTOWN IN 1852—1853 

SANDY HOOK 

WILLIAM B. GLOVER— Dealer in Dry Goods, Crockery, Hardware, Farm- 
ing Implements, Produce, Drugs, Medicines, etc. Near the Bridge. 
LEVI MORRIS — Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Hardware, 

Farming Implements, Produce, Drugs, Medicines, etc. West of the 

Bridge. 
CHARLES TWITCHELL— Blacksmith and Carriage Ironer ; Custom work 

done to order. Shop east of tlie Bridge, north of W. B. Glover's Store. 
MISS M. E. KINDERGON— Milliner and Dress Maker; over Morris' Store. 
MISS H. S. A. STILLSON— Dressmaker; shop two doors north of L. 

Morris' store. 
NATHAN R. COUCH, TAILOR— Cutting done to order at short notice and 

warranted to fit if properly made up. Shop next store of Samuel B. 

Peck. 
NATHAN SHEPARD — Custom Boot and Shoemaker. Repairing done witli 

neatness and dispatch. 
DAVID GLOVER — Carriage Maker; shop at the saw mill. Custom work 

done to order. 
SANDY HOOK HOTEL— B. Gregory, Proprietor. 
DUDLEY SQUIRE'S OYSTER AND DINING SALOON— Oysters served 

up in every style. Next door north of Glover's Store. 
J. B. & C. F. BLAKESLEE — Iron and Brass Founders and Machinists. 
A. B. BEECHER — Manufacturer of Satinets. Factory west side of Bridge. 
HENRY L. WHEELER— Tinsmith and Dealer in Tin, Copper, Sheet Iron 

Wares, Stoves, etc. 
SANDY HOOK FLOURING AND CUSTOM MILL— Saw Mill and Plaster 

Mill. David Sanford, Proprietor. 
JOHN DICK & CO. — Manufacturers of American Rivets, Factory on the 

Pohtatuck below the Flouring Mill. 
DANIEL H.A.LL — Manufacturer of every variety of Horn Buttons. In 

Dick's Machine Shop. 
MOSES PARSONS & SONS— Manufacturers ; Corner of Main and Moun- 
tain Road. 
AMMON SHEPARD— Wool Hat Maker; factory between Sandy Hook and 

Housatonic Railroad Depot. 
H. H. TAYLOR — Physician and Surgeon; Sandy Hook. 

TOWN 

WARNER & CURTIS— Manufacturers of every variety of Horn Combs. 

Factory in Berkshire, one and a half miles east and south of Sandy 

Hook. 
RUFUS SOMERS— Manufacturer of Wool Hats; Berkshire. 
ISAAC J. WELLS — Custom Boot and Shoe Maker .Berkshire. 
ROYAL O. CLARK'S MEAT MARKET— Two and a half miles east of 

Sandy Hook. Customers supplied at their houses. 
DAVID JONES— Manufacturer of Horn Combs. Shop at Dick's Rivet 

Factorv; half a mile below Sandv Hook. 
BURTON E. CL.\RK— Tanner and Currier. One and a half miles South of 

the street on the turnpike. Cash paid for hides. 
LEVI PECK — Tanner and Currier. Two miles South of the Street on the 

Turnpike. Cash paid for hides and bark. 
DAVID CURTIS— Tanner and Currier. Calculate to manufacture leather 

to the best advantage. Bark and mill driven by water power. Factory 

in Berkshire. 
WILLIAM J. DICK & CO. — Manufacturers of American Rivets. Factory 

a few rods below Sandy Hook. 
GEORGE WHEELER— Wool Hat Manufacturer. One and a half miles 

north of the Street on the Turnpike. 
MRS. GEORGE ANDREWS— Milliner and Dressmaker. Third door east 

of the Railroad Depot. 
EZRA MORGAN — Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Produce, etc. 

at Morgan's Four Corners in the south west part of town. 
WILLIAM PLATT, JR.— Manufacturers of Horn Combs near Ezra 

Morgan's store. 



INDUSTRIES OF NEWTOWN IN 1852—1853 3 

MARTIN REED— Manufacturer of every variety of Horn Combs. Factory 

at the old Cotton Factory, half a mile below Sandy Hook. 
GRECIAN & CO.— Manufacturers. Factory near the Housatonic R. R. Depot. 
L. L. PLATT & CO. — Manufacturers of every variety of Horn Buttons. 

Factory at the Housatonic R. R. Depot. 
BLACKMAN & SKIDMORE— Horn Comb manufacturers. Four miles 

north of the Street on the Brookfield road. 
LEROY TAYLOR— Manufacturer of every variety of Horn Combs. Two 

miles west of the Street at the outlet of Taunton Pond. 
WILLIAM PLATT— Horn Button Manufacturer. One mile west of 

Botsford Station. 

ALFRED N. SH.^RP— Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, etc. Four 

miles west of the Street. 
GEORGE MOREHOUSE— Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, etc., 

in the southwest part of the town — Gregory's Orchard. 
WILLIAM B. PRINDLE — Manufacturer of chairs, cabinet ware and coffins. 

One mile south of Newtown Street near the Turnpike. He has a good 

Grist Mill connected with said establishment. All work done to order 
IVES GLOVER, BLACKSMITH— One and a half miles south of Newtown 

Street, near the Turnpike. All work in his line done to order and at 

short notice. 
CH.A.RLES BEERS — Manufacturer of Horn Combs. One mile below 

Newtown Street; near the cemetery. 
PECK & CLARK — Manufacturers of Horn Combs on the Turnpike one 

mile south of Newtown village. 
EBEN BEACH — General Blacksmithing; on the Turnpike in South Center 

District. 
DAVID D. LOPER — House and Decorative Painter, Newtown. 
PETER M. NASH — House and Decorative Painter, Newtown. 
CHARLES B. NICHOLS— Manufacturer of Woolen Stocking Yarn. Four 

miles south of Newtown Street on the Turnpike. Wool carded to order. 

Take wool for paj'. 
JOHN WARNER — Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Hardware, 

etc. Store a few rods south of St. James Church in Zoar district. 
ALONZO SHERMAN— Blacksmith, one half mile west of St. James Church. 

Custom work done to order. 
JULIUS ROBERTS— Carriage and Sleigh Maker. Next door to Alonzo 

Sherman's Blacksmith Shop. 
WILLIAM A. BRADLEY — Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, etc. 

Bradleyville, Zoar. 
ABIT.'KH BRADLEY — Manufacturer of cabinet ware and churns. 
MATTHEW F.MRCHILD— Manufacturer of Horn Combs. Factory a few 

rods east of the Street. 
S. T. ALLING — Physician and Surgeon. A few rods south of the Bridge 

in Snndy Hook. 
DENNIS W. NASH — Carpenter and Joiner, one mile southwest of the 

Street in Head of Meadow District. 
HORACE GILBERT — Dealer in Groceries and Yankee notions. Hunting- 
town. 
BRADLEY & SHERMAN— Blacksmiths and Horseshoers. Shop west of 

Congregational Church. 
SIMEON NICHOLS — Satinet manufactory; three miles south of Newtown 

on Newtown and Bridgeport Turnpike. 
JOHN GRIFFIN'S STEAM PLASTER MILL— At Botsford Depot. 
GLOVER HAWLEY — Hawleyville; dealer in Spruce and Hemlock Lumber, 

and timber for building purposes. 
BRONSON BULKLEY — An expert workman in wood craft, builds ox-carts, 

cart tongues, ox-sleds, stone boats, wagon axles, etc. Work done with 

nf'atness and dispatch. Shop at upper end of Newtown Street 
UNCLE BILL PECK — An expert hog butcher, pork packer and smoker of 

hams and shoulders. Season lasts from first of November to the first 

of April. Office one door north of the blacksmith's shop, head of 

Newtown Street on road to Danbury. 
BILL JOHNSON— ("Colored.) Day laborer, at all seasons of the year 



4 INDUSTRIES OF NEWTOWN IN 1852—1853 

regardless of weather. Call at old red house west of the meeting house. 
Can be found there when at home. 

TO COMB MAKERS— 20,000 Buenos Ayres horns, low for cash or short 
approval credit; also exchange for tips at a fair price. Elam Shepard, 
Newtown, Aug. 30, 1825. 

FURNITURE WAREHOUSE— William G. Smith informs his customers 
and the public in general that he keeps on hand an elegant assortment 
of furniture, not inferior to any in this country. The articles which he 
manufactures are Sofas, Secretaries, Book Cases, Lockers, Bureaus, 
Pillar and Claw Tables, Mahogany and Cherry Tea Tables, Common 
Tables, Bedsteads, Chairs, etc., of every description; together with 
Venetian Window Blinds made to order as cheap as can be bought in 
New York. All kinds of lumber taken in exchange for the above 
articles. Mahogany and pine lumber kept constantly on hand and for 
Sale. Newtown, June 14, 1829. 

NOTE — The cabinet shop stood on the ground north of Charles F. 
Beardsley's house, where Arthur T. Nettleton's house now is. 



REVISED LIST, 1918 



David H. Belden 
D. B. Beers 
Amos S. Treat 
C. H. Booth, M. D. 
Erastus Erwin M. D. 
George Judson, M. D. 
Monroe Judson, M. D. 
Miss Maria Fairman 
Henry Sanford 
Edward Starr 

David M. Johnson 
William Blakeslee 
Charles Fairman 



Residence of P. E. Abbott. 

Summer Residence of Miss Louise Bigelow. 

In block now R. H. Beers' store. 

Residence of Mrs. Marcus Hawley. 

Summer home of Dwight C. Wheeler. 

Residence of George A. Northrop. 

Residence of Mrs. A. B. Blackman. 

Residence of Michael Crowe. 

Store of R. H. Beers. 

Was between Trinity Church Rec. and 

Miss Louise Bigelow. 
Morris & Shepard. 
Residence of Mrs. Lucy Cavanaugh. 
Next above present Town Hall. 



Norman Glover bought the place and Chas. Fairman moved to house 
now owned and occupied by Patrick McCarthy. 



Pike & Brother 
George Peck 
Burr Hawley 
Newtown Hotel 
Isaac Briscoe 
Theophilus Nichols 
Isaac Beers 
George Lawrence 



Little Shop where brick building stands. 
Home of Miss Abbie Peck and Sister. 
Where Post Office now stands. 
Newtown Inn. 

In rear of home of Michael Crowe. 
Former home of M. C. Skidmore, deceased. 
Trinity Church sheds near that location. 
Location not known. 



Charles Fairman, s Livery Stable. In rear of Mrs. S. F. Schermerhorn's house. 



Wm. B. Glover 
Levi Morris 
Charles Twichell 
Nathan R. Couch 
Nathan Shepard 
David Glover 
Sandy Hook Hotel 
Dudley Squires 
J. B. & C. F. Blakeslee 



Where Sandy Hook Post Office now stands 

Corbett & Crowe, Drugs and Groceries. 

H. C. Bassett. 

Patrick Campbell's Saloon. 

Home of Arthur Baird. 

Shop adjoining Flour Mill. 

Edward Troy's Hotel. ♦ 

Brick store on same location. 

Between Gibson Place & Mrs. Minott Augur. 



Charles Blakesley, who lived in the house where Mrs. Minott Augur 
now lives built a brass foundry on the lot back of the house, where he cast 
brass door keys. These were finished in what is now the Harris Wire Mill. 



REVISED LIST, 1918 5 

A. 3. Beecher Harris Wire Mill. 

Henry L. Wheeler John Ilaugh, Hardware Store. 

Sandy Hook Flouring Mill Patrick Campbell 

Jolin Dick & Co. Shop destroyed. 

Josiah Sanford and Joseph Dick erected a .satinet factory north of the 
flouring mill, and very near the Dayton Street bridge. Later, William J, 
Dick and Charles Dick went into business with their father, Joseph Dick 
and engaged in the manufacture of rivets and wooden screws. The first 
gimlet pointed screws were also made in tliis factory, under a patent taken 
out by Lorenzo Bidwell. The manufacture of horn combs and buttons was 
also carried on here by Ambrose Stillson. 

Daniel Hall Shop destroyed. 

Moses Parsons & Sons House rebuilt by Wm. S. Stevens, 

cor. Dayton Street. 

.\mmon Shepard Opposite Richard's Store 

Warner &. Curtis S. Curtis & Son, Berkshire. 

Rufus Somers Home of C. E. Miner, Berkshire. 

Isaac J. Wells Shop demolished, Berkshire. 

Royal O. Clarke Home of Arthur Page, Berkshire. 

Burton E. Clarke Home of George A. Benwell on State Road. 

Levi Peck On estate of E. L. Johnson, House and shop 

burned. 

David Curtis Opposite H. G. Curtis Factorv, removed. 

Wm. J. Dick & Co. See John Dick & Co. 

George Wheeler Next to John B. Wheeler, on Brookfield 

turnpike. 

George Wheeler's hat factory was located right back of house formerly 

owned by Michael I])ugan, north of residence of John B. Wheeler. Mr. 

Wheeler remembers very distinctly, of running in there as a boy, to watcli 

the process of hat making. 

Mrs. George Andrews Residence of Miss Margaret Carmody and 

Mrs. John Houlihan. 
Ezra Morgan Home of Irving Goodseli. 

Martin Reed 

The old Cotton factory stood where the New Primier Mfg. Co., Dutcli 
Rubber was. The cotton factory was built by David Sanford for the pur- 
pose of manufacturing wool filling and cotton warp for satinet. 

Grecian & Co. Location not known. 

L. L. Piatt & Co. Factory removed. 

William Piatt The Crowe Keane Button Co. 

•Mfred N. Sharp Home of Eleazer A. E. Bevans, Dodging town. 

George Morehouse Location unknown. 

William B. Prindle Wetmore's Mill. 

Ives Glover Home of David Glover. 

Charles Beers Moved to Ohio, House burned. 

Peck & Clark Home of Hermon H. Peck. 

Eben Beach Home of William H. Prindle. 

David Loper Old house on Reservoir Hill, (destroyed). 

Peter N. Nash Built house the home of Miss Anna McCartan. 

Charles B. Nichols Residence of O. Howard Hall. 

John Warner Near Gray's Plain School house. 

Matthew Fairchild Home of George B. Beers. 

It was Dr. Gideon Shepard's Inn; later owned by Matthew Fairchild, 
then by Botsford Terrill, then by William Terrill. 

Dennis W. Nash Home of Arthur L. Peck. 

Horace Gilbert Owned by Schimelman Bros. 

Simeon Nichols Owned by Bridgeport Hydraulic Co. 

John Griffin Estate of Nathan C. Herz, deceased. 

Home of Marcus Busker. 



6 REVISED LIST, 1918 

Glover Hawley Hawleyville, property R. R. Co. 

Home of Wm. Sturges. 
Bronson Buckley Home of Mrs. Cora Pierce. 

Josiah Tomlinson and Charles Goodyear had a shop on Dayton Street 
near the Methodist Church where they cast pewter spoons. They con- 
ceived the idea of re-inforcing the spoons by means of a steel wire run- 
ning the length of the handle. The wire being laid in the mold, and the 
moulten metal then poured in. The spoons were buffed and finished at 
what is now the Harris Wire Mill. 

Augurs old meat market building was used as a machine shop, and a 
man by the name of Gurley together with young Charles Blakesley car- 
ried on brass business. 

A shop was built by Daniel Conly on Dayton Street just north of the 
Methodist Church, for the manufacturing of hats, the hats being taken to 
Dicks machine or rivet shop, for finishing. Conly married a daughter of 
Squire Clark, who was father of Mr. Philo Clark. 

THE CROWE-KEANE BUTTON COMPANY. 

The button industry is an old established business in this town, 
their manufacture having been first begun in 1844, in a small fac- 
tory near the Housatonic R. R. Station under the management of 
Grffin, Piatt and Summers. Later this Company dissolved each 
going into business for himself. 

Part of the present factory of The Crowe-Keane Button Co. 
was moved from Botsford R. R. Station where an old factory was 
located by William Piatt. 

The machinery was brought here from Waterbury by Lorin 
Piatt, a brother of William Piatt. He (Wm. Piatt), continued in 
the business until 1870 when it was sold to Patrick Keane & Son, 
who enlarged and improved the business. When Mr. Keane died 
in 1896, P. F. Crowe succeeded him in the management of the bus- 
iness until June 8th, 1909, when the present stock company was 
formed. 

This industry is the only manufacturing in the lower part of 
the town, and employs from 20 to 25 girls and 10 to 15 men. Horn 
and hoof buttons are made in all sizes. 



An interesting bit of Newtown history in connection with the work 
now being done by the "Connecticut Light and Power Co." 

Reader! Did you ever hear it said that nearly one hundred years ago 
the question was being agitated of building a canal along side of the Hous- 
atonic river, from tidewater to tlic northern boundary of the state of 
Coniu'clicut, expecting by so doing to furnish transportation facilities for 
getting farm produce from the up-country towns in Fairfield and Litchfield 
counties to the seaboard and thus find a more ready market? The matter 
was to be brought up for action at the General Assembly that would con- 
vene in May, 1822, and the town appointed a committee to represent it on 
that matter. We give the recorded doings of the meeting as they are to be 
found in the Town Journal. Vol. 5, page 175, which go to show the town 
in favor of the proposed project. The measure did not meet with general 



REVISED LIST, 1918 7 

approval, although it helped to make an interesting chapter to be added to 
Newtown history and reads as follows : "At a special town meeting of the 
inhabitants of Newtown, legally warned and held at the old church on the 
9th day of April, 1822, at 4 o'clock, for the purpose of taking into consid- 
eration the subject of the proposed canal along the Housatonic river, it was 
voted that Smith Booth be made moderator." 

"Voted that whereas it has been represented to the meeting that a 
petition will be brought to the next General Assembly to incorporate a 
company for the purpose of establishing a navigation by the Housatonic 
river by means of a canal near its bank or by improving the bed of the river 
as far as the state line, and whereas said operations arc in part to be done 
within the limits of this town, therefore voted that this town approve the 
object of said petition and hereby consent that said canal may be laid 
through the town and the contemplated operations in the river be made 
and this town waive all objections the said petition on the ground that 
said petition shall not be regularly served upon this town and the Represen- 
tatives from this town are hereby instructed l)y all proper means to forward 
the object of said petition, provided that nothing herein contained is to 
be construed to subject this town to expense of purchasing the land over 
which said canal may pass." 

Voted to adjourn without delay. 

Caleb Baldwin, Town Clerk 



VERSES COMPOSED ON THE DEATH OF ONE, BENJAMIN GLOVER. 

Composed by Benjamin Glover's Wife on the death of her husband. 
Hail, all ye dead men, I am come to lodge along with you. 

Edge close and give me room to rot, I claim it as my due. 
I bring no bags of cash to let, nor interest to be cast. 

For I was rid of all these things before I breathed my last. 
I four score years and seven have lived in trouble and distress, 

And seventeen years of it was blind as was poor Bartimeus. 
I naked came into this world and naked go I out. 

And not one farthing do I leave behind for heoirs to snarl about. 
When I was young I did design with riches to be crowned. 

But soon I found out my mistake, for want did me surround. 
Loss followed loss till in short time of all I was bereft, 

I made my will and thus disposed of all that I had left. 
I will my soul to God on high who gave it to me first. 

I will my body to the grave to moulder with the dust. 
To his brother: 
When you paid natures debt your sires did quietly submit. 

Because you left great store of wealth they had their share in it. 
It was other motives that moved mine to yeild that I should die. 

Because a great deliverance then they should receive thereby. 
And what's the odds between us now, you are dead and so am I ; 

Now I sleep as much as you, as quietly I lie. 
Here rich and poor together meet, the Lord hath made them all, 

Then Let us all in quiet sleep till Christ for us doth call. 

Extract from a letter written by Franklin Fairman of Chicago, 111., in 
1913. 

Ichabod Fairman, son of one of the old settlers of Newtown, married 
Rebecca Glover, daughter of Benjamin and Mary Burwell Glover. 

She must have been a daughter of the lady who wrote the verses quoted. 
Mrs. Glover seems to have been a rather striking character. One of her 
sayings was, "The more you oppose 'em the more they'll 'tarnally marry", 
showing that opposition to the marriage of children was a burning question. 
On looking up the records I find that Ichabod Fairman was of the mature 
age of 20, and that two of his brothers and one sister were married at about 
the same age. 

I find that Mrs. Mary Glover was my gt. gt. grandmother. I therefore 
am thankful for resurrecting this specimen of her composition. 

Franklin Fairman 



INDEX 



Abrams, John, 246 

Ackley. Rev. Wm. N., 88, 93. 

Wm. E., 93. 
Adams, Abraham, 120 

Ephraim, 120, 218 
Frecgrace, 27, 30, 33, 
52, 59, 70, 119, 216, 218 
John, 119, 190, 216, 218 
" Joseph S., 125 
" Reuben, 123 

Samuel, 190, 218 
William, 53 
Alden, Henry, 248 
Allen, Mrs. Grace, 234 

William, 122 
Allyn, John, 1 
Andrews, Frederick, 251 
Anthon, George, 247 
Arms, Rev. Wm. M., 78 
Atwater, Rev. Jason, 42, 78 
Augur, Minott, 93, 245 



B 

Bacon, Mary, 230 
Bailey, Hiram, 128 

Jesse M., 232 
" Samuel, 215 
Baisley, Jonathan, 73 
Baldwin, Abel, 73, 120, 133, 

135, 160 

A. D., 160 

Betty, 193 

Caleb. 37. 43, 44, 47, 

49.65,70,71,73, 111, 113, 

119, 120, 133, 136, 143, 
145, 149, 170, 171, 215, 
218 

Maj. Caleb Jr., 65, 82, 

98, 99, 108, 133, 134, 

135, 136, 137, 143, 145, 

149, 190, 193, 218, 265, 

266. 267 

Caleb. 3rd, 120, 178, 

179, 182, 183, 184, 185, 

186, 187, 218, 221, 225, 

227 

Mrs. Caleb, 233. 

Daniel, 33, 104, 108, 

120, 183. 208, 218. 
Capt. David, 83. 155, 
242, 245. 246, 247. 
David V. B., 170, 171, 
226, 227. 

Gideon, 120, 218. 

Henry, 77. 236, 239. 

Homer W., 252. 

Jabez, 120, 131, 179, 

195. 

James. 64, 105, 119, 

215. 218. 
" Jerusha, 73. 

Tohn, 1.54. 

5VIarv, 195. 

Mehitable, 193. 
" Capt. Nathan, 27, 28, 

.57, 60, 61. 65. 67, 70, 

71. 72. 119,, 120, 215, 

218. 267. 

Philo, 75, 183. 

Richard. 21. 

Sarah. 134. 

Theophilus, 46. 

Thomas, 21. 

Timothy, 20. 

Widow Anna, 73. 
Bancroft, Oliver, 128, 209. 



Banks, David, 229. 

Jane, 228. 
Bantle, Amy M., 232. 
Bardslee, John, 27, 28. 
Barker, Rev. Otis W., 79, 

233, 234, 262. 
Barlow, Joseph B., 126. 
Barnes, H., 158. 

" Lucas, 76. 
Barnett, Rev. Francis W,, 
10, 88, 93, 262. 
Rev. Francis B., 88. 
" Lieut Rev. Joseph N. 
88 

Mary P., 88. 
" Lieut Wm. Edward, 
88. 
Barnum, Andrew, 106, 114. 
" F'rancis, 218. 

Sallu Pell, 77, 145, 
236, 239. 
" Samuel T., 151. 
Thomas B., 129. 
Bassett, Albert, 235. 
Charles H., 94. 
Joel, 75, 120, 128, 218. 
John, 123, 218. 
Thomas, 218. 
Beach, Ambrose, 109. 
Eben, 76, 77. 
" Isaac, 234. 

Rev. John, 11, 57, 63, 
65, 82, 85, 190, 193, 218, 
233, 234. 

John Francis, 233, 234. 
" John Kimberly, 233, 

234. 
" Lazarus, 111, 234. 

Rebecca D., 233, 234. 
Reuben, 76, 77. 
Beard, Henry, 230. 

Mrs. Estella, 234. 
William, 76, 236, 239. 
Beardsley, Aaron, 126. 
Abner, 127. 
" Abraham, 128. 
Agur, 125. 
Bailey, 128. 
Charles F., 143, 187, 
233, 234, 262. 
Elias, 123. 
Enos, 120. 
Israel A., 161, 218. 
James F., 127, 218. 
" Jesse. 129. 

Josiah, 73, 122, 124, 
133, 134, 135, 180, 190, 
218 

Josiah Jr., 122. 
" Lyman, 111. 

Moses, 75, 125. 
" Moses Jr., 126. 
" Moses 3rd, 128. 
Philo, 75, 125, 127. 
Rev. E. Edwards, 81. 
" Samuel, 75. 
Wilton, 129. 
Beck, Esther M., 232 
Beebe, James, 25 
Beecher, Alva B., 76, 161, 187, 
236, 239. 
" Florence Glover, 303, 

" Henry Glover, 234. 
" Marguerite Katherine 
203, 232. 
Sarah, 228. 
William J. 203, 234, 
238. 239. 242, 263. 
Beers, Abel, 119. 

Abel S.. 126, 183. 
Abiel, 216. 



Beers, Abner, 77, 127. 

Abraham, 102, 120, 124 

Amariah, 128. 184. 227. 

Andrew, 83. 124, 246. 

Anna, 260. 
" Anna S., 228. 

Arabella Fitch. 81, 

92. 
" Austin, 125. 

Booth G., 229. 

Charles C, 129. 

Charles E., 252. 

Mrs. Charles E.. 252. 

Charles H., 77. 

Charlotte, 228. 

Cyrcnius, 125, 260. 

Cyrus, 123, 124. 

Daniel, 119, 218, 223. 

Daniel G., 87, 92, 163, 

229, 230, 233, 234, 238. 

239, 262. 

David B., 83, 99, 129, 

200, 236, 239. 

David, 126. 

Ebenezer, 83, 124, 212. 

Ebenezer Jr.. 127, 182, 

183, 185. 

" Eleazer, 73. 

Eli, 125. 

Eli B., 238, 239. 

Elias, 123, 125. 

Elizabeth L., 92. 

Emma S., 200, 237. 

Ester, 183, 185. 

Ezekiel, 95, 128. 
" Florence, 11. 
" Frederick H., 11. 

George, 145, 200, 229, 

260. 
" George B. 
" George Emerson, 200. 

Gideon, 128. 

Harry, 226, 227, 236, 

237, 239. 
" Harry Croswell, 252. 

Henry, 127, 185. 

G. Herbert. 232. 
" Hermon, 129. 

H. Sanford, 232. 
" Isaac, 85. 

Isaac Beach, 229. 

Jabez, 123. 

Jacob, 126, 185. 
" James 

Jane Fitch, 87. 
" Jeremiah, 126. 
" Tessie M., 232. 

John, 102. 119, 128, 129. 

184. 214, 218. 
John B., 128. 

" John Hobart. 229. 

Julius A., 229. 

Lemuel, 128, 227. 

Lillian, 232. 
" Mrs. Lucv, 78. 
" Lyman. 76. 77. 

Marv E., 233. 234. 

Dr. Moses B., 212. 
" Norman, 128. 

Oliver. 124. 

Phebe B., 212. 

Philo Jr., 127, 185. 

Robert H., 40, 44, 233. 

262. 

Samuel. 123. 125, 21R. 

Sarah A., 232. 

Sarah M., 230. 

Sarah Nichols. 92. 

Sarah Peck. 260. 
" Silas Norman. 85. "J 

229. 

Simeon. 125. 1.54. 



INDEX 



Beerb. Simeon N., liS, 161. 

18J, 227. 

Susan Lyniic, V.. 

Sylvester, 128. 

Thomas, 127. 

Truman, 123. 
" Widow Sarah, 216. 

Zaimon, 75. 
Benedict, Benjamin C, 229. 

Eliakim, 149. 

George, 128. 

George M.. 129, 227. 
'• Gideon, 64. 
" Capt. John, 46. 
" Joseph, 64. 

Joseph Jr., 64. 

Ralph, 111. 

Samuel B., 129. 
Benjamin, R. 168. 
Bennett 

Bennitt, Abel, 110, 120, 124, 

183. 

Abel Jr., 129. 

Abram, 37, 64, 71, 75 
" Abram Jr., 73. 

Abraham, 119, 120. 

127, 136, 215, 218. 

Amos, 122, 124. 

Caleb, 41, 75, 123, 125 
" Deacon, 36. 
" Kbenezer F., 125. 

Eli, 27, 177. 
" Emily. 204. 

Ephraim, 119, 195, 218 

Ezekiel, 125. 

Gideon, ISO. 
" Isaac, 125. 

James, 110, 123, 124. 

184. 

James Jr., 128, 183, 

184. 

Jol), 133. 135. 
" Joseph, 127. 
" Legrand, 76. 
" Nancy, 150. 

Nathan, 133, ISO. 

Richard. 110, 124. 

Thaddeus, 150, , 183. 
" Thomas, (Justice ol 

Peace). 14. IS, 22. 27. 

28, 30. 35. 45, 52, 53. 

55. 56. 59. 61. 73, 110. 

117, 119, 159, 216. 

Wheeler. 127. 

" Widow Mary, 215. 

Beresford, Charles M., 233, 

252. 
Betts, Anna May, 231. 
" Anna Plowman, 204. 
" Ephraim. 136. 
" James M.. 204. 

John, 230. 
" Thaddeus, 135. 

Marv Hough, 204. 

Dr. Ralph N. Jr., 212. 

Dr. Ralph N., 93, 204. 

Ralph N. Jr., 212. 
Bierce, A. O., 252. 
Birch, David M., 128. 

Ezra, 122, 124. 

George, 218. 
" Teremiah, 119, 218. 

Lamson, 41, 75, 125. 

141. 149. 

Mary Ann. 141. 142. 
" Nehemiah. 110. 

Willi-nm. 104, 120, 177. 

178, 181. 218. 

William Jr.. 123. 
Birchard. Eden, 126. 
Bishop, Alfred, 167. 198, 200. 
Blackman, Abner, 127. 

or 
Blakeman. Ada M., 234. 

Agur, 127. 
Alfred. 18^ 
" Ann, 146, 230. 



Blakeman, Austin B. l7l, 234. 

238, 239, 262. 

Bennett, 239. 
" Caroline, 198. 

Daniel, 125, 183, 184. 

185, 186. 

David S., 126. 
" Kbenezer, 46, 218. 

Eli W., 130. 
" Ephraim, 120. 

George, 129, 198. 

Harriet B., 228. 

Helen M., 232, 234. 

Isaac Percy, 93, 249. 
" Isaac, 123. 

James, 97, 120, 218. 

James G., 129, 183, 184. 

James H., 252. 
" James M., 93. 

J. Albert, 263. 

Capt. John, 28, 65, 75, 

119, 123, 215, 218, 267. 

John Jr., 120, 122. 

Joseph, 38, 77. 120, 

123. 154, 183, 218, 239. 

Josiah, 103, 154. 

Julia K., 228. 

Mary P., 88. 

Nathaniel, 218. 
" Pattern M., 126. 
" Reuben, 127. 

Dr. Rufus, 205, 206. 

Samuel, 126, 198. 

Samuel A., 172, 245. 

Samuel B., 129. 

Samuel C, 41, 76, 

77, 79, 125, 155, 182. 

183, 198, 226, 247. 

Miss Sarah, 79, 198. 

Sheldon, 129. 
" Simeon S., 127. 

Thomas, 127, 170, 171. 

227. 
" Truman, 126. 

Zerah. 186. 

Ziba, 128. 145. 
Blake. Elizabeth. 232. 

Lena, 232. 

Michael J., 232. 

Nora C, 2i2. 
Blackwell, John Staley. 264. 

265. 266. 267. 
Blakeslee. Charle.s, 129, 161. 

227, 236, 239. 

George B.. 229. 

Mary J.. 228. 
fames B.. 236. 239. 

"Sarah Grace, 228. 

William. 77, 128, 227. 

242. 243. 
William Z., 229. 

Ziba. 41, 75, 125. 
Roardman. David S., 199. 
Bolmer. Mrs. Gertrude, 234. 

235, 
Booth. Abel. 37. 40. 65, 71. 

97, 119, 123, 197, 216. 

218, 221. 

Abel Jr., 120. 

Abiel. 75, 120. 
" Abner, 216. 

Abraham, 83, 85, 103. 

120, 218. 
" Andrew, 197. 

Asahel Jr., 75, 126. 

Austin. 128. 

Charles B,. 128. 227. 

Dr. Cyrenius 11., 198. 

210, 211, 239. 

Daniel. 47. 48. 64, 83. 

119, 125, 194, 216. 218. 
" D.iniel Jr., 120, 126. 
Daniel T.. 229. 
David, 123, 1.54, 196. 
David Jr., 126. 
Eben, 28. 
" Ehenezer, 27, 33, .'^J 

53, 57, 59, 120, 123, 124. 



159, 176, 218. 
Booth, Edward, 126. 
Ezra, 83. 
Gideon, 120. 
Hesler, 197. 
Hezekiah, 103, 123. 
124, 218. 
Joel. 125. 
John C. 129. 
" Jonathan, 26, 27, 28, 
33. 43. 60. 70, 73, 9/. 

123, 124, 133, 196. 
Jonathan Jr., 119, 216, 
218. 

Joseph, 27, 183, 184, 

196, 197. 

Levi B., 99, 163, 171, 

230, 251. 

Mary, 197. 
" Mary Carter, 234. 

Moses W., 197. 
" Naomi, 77. 

Pheobe, 77, 196. 

Reuben H., 120, 123, 

124, 125, 195, 199, 218 
Rev. Robert C, 234, 

" Samuel, 125, 

Sarah, 197, 226. 
" Dr, Wm, Edmond. 
210, 

Widow Mary, 216. 
Bostwick, Gershom, 46. 

Jolin, 123. 124, 168. 

Levy, 122. 

Rev. William L.. 22S. 
Botsford, Capt. Abel, 37, 40, 
73, 75, 76, 77, 120. 

122, 124, 135, 136, 190. 

218, 227. 

Abel Jr., 64, 73, 218. 

Abiel, 97, 180. 

Abraham, 73, 75, 120. 

196, 218. 

Abram, 126. 

Adella, 230, 

Alosia, 228. 

Capt. Amos. 37, 38, 

44, 72, 73, 120, 215, 

218. 

Austin, 201, 202. 
" Austin Nichols, 253. 

Mrs. Bethia, 197. 

Chas. 128. 

Chas W., 232. 
" Chauncev, 41. 

Clarice E., 232. 

Ensign Clement, 122, 

124, 136, 154, 183. 

Daniel, 75, 123, 125, 

151. 

Daniel Jr., 127, 183, 

184, 185, 186. 

David, 136. 186. 

Edwin. 168, 171. 

Capt. Elijah, 40, 120, 

121, 122, 133, 135, 136, 

218. 

Ephraim, 103. 

Ezra, 218. 
" George, 113. 

121, 122, 124, 133, 154 

Gideon, 37. 72. 73, 89. 

121. 122, 124, 133, 154, 

196, 218. 

Gideon Jr., Ji. 123, 

124, 196. 

Harold E., 231. 

Capt. Henry, 64, 125. 

183, 191, 215. 218. 

Isaac. 120. 218. 

Israel, 125, 183, 184. 

Capt. Jabez, 38, 40, 

73, 120, 122, 127, 133, 

134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 

142, 154, 162, 218. 

Sergt. James, 267. 
Tared, 73, 120, 183, 

218. 



INDEX 



BotsJord, Jerome. 102, ,111. 113 
114. 

Tocl. 120. 
" Dea. Joiin, 61, 62, 67, 
73, 119. 122, 12t>, 133, 
21S, 218. 

John Jr.. 126. 133. 215. 
Josepu, liy. 122. 216, 
218. 

Lieut, J.. 121. 
Marcus, 127, 154. lyi. 
Mayla, 232. 
" Martin, 126. 
" Mrs. Meriam. 196. 

Moses. 65. 73. 119, 121, 
123, 154, 183, 215. 218. 
" Moses Jr., 121. 

Moss K., 127. 
" Mrs. Nancy. 196. 
Niram, 124. 
Oliver, 171. 
Philo, 75, 126, 232. 
Pulcrea F.. 89. 
Richard. 125. 201. 
Dr. Russell B.. 211. 
Samuel J.. 23i, 234. 
252, 253. 
" Sherman, 126. 

Theophilus, 123, 183. 
184, 185. 186. 
Thomas, 126, 183. 
Capt. Vine, 123, 125. 
Volucia C. 201. 202. 
VVilham, 127, 183, 239. 
Bowles, Samuel, 250. 
Braase, Thomas, 28, 33. 
Bradley, Abijah, 126. 
Abijah Jr., 128. 
Alice K., 202, 230. 
Eliphalet. 126. 
George, 128. 229. 
" Gertrude, 232. 
Jared, 126. 
Medad, 129. 
Robert, 171. 
Thomas J., 172. 
Capt. Walter. 101. 
115. 

William A.. 94. 
Brennan, Nonie A., 232. 
Brenner, Annie C., 232. 
Brewster. John Huntington, 
229. 
" Rt. Rev. Chauncev 
B., 87. 
Brinsmade. Zachariah, 218. 
Briscoe. Alfred M.. 245. 
Alice A., 202. 
Anna T., 202. 
Charles. 129. 202. 227. 
Hon. Chas. H., 202. 
230, 231. 
Daniel, 128. 
" Isaac, 126. 

James, 28, frl, 119. 
216, 218. 

Jennie, 231, 247. 
John. 108, 113. 126. 
Lewis S.. 128. 
Marv, 202. 
Molly, 208. 
" Lieut. Nathaniel. 37. 
38. 64. 69. 72, 119. 122. 
1.^3, 177, 216, 218. 
" Nathaniel Jr.. 127. 
Willis A.. 202. 
Bristol, Abraham, 120. 
Caesar, 182, 185. 
" Cornelius, 120. 
David, 123. 
Ebenezer. 98. IDS, 119. 
218 

Enos, 119. 218. 
Job, 120. 218. 
John. 33. 117, 119. 
127, 216. 

Joseph, .^3, 60. 65. 6' 
123. 177, 190. 216. 367. 



Bristol, Joseph Jr., 117, 119. 

123, 124. 216. 218. 

Joseph. 3rd., 120. 

VVilham, 178. 
Bronson, Dr. William, 103. 

Ill, 117, 
Brooks, Rev. Thomas, 4''. 

50, 134. 
Bicwn. Samuel, 121, 216. 
Brownell, Rt. Rev. Thomas, 

89. 
Bryan, Alexander. 71, 119. 

214. 

Alice. 27. 28. 

Ezra. 105, 120, 213. 
" Richard. 3. 
" Samuel. 50. 
Buck, Rev. George H.. 10. 
Bulklcy. Bronson, 129. 

Daniel, 129. 

Jahez. 218. 
Bunnill. Job, 124. 135. 

John, 122. 
" Nathaniel, 123. 
Burhans. Rev. Daniel. 84, 

86. 93, 244. 
Burns, John, 176. 
Burr, Barak, 210. 

" Benjamin, 124, 135. 

James, 218. 

Jane A., 210. 

John, 25, 27, 33, 34. 

Nathan, 109, 113. 

Sylvia E., 137. 
Burrill, Catharine, 199. 

Stephen, 215. 
Burritt, Amos, 120, 122. 124. 
" Benjamin, 120. 21.;. 

218 
" Eleazer. 120, 121. 122. 

218. 
" James S.. 129. 
" Joseph, 127. 

Josiah. 27, 28, 33. 5.-. 

60, 215. 

Nathan. 73, 120. 122. 

218. 
" Widow Lavina. 160. 
Burross. John, 19. 
Burroughs. Cliarles. 75. 

Edward, 229. 
" Eniana J., 228. 
Burrows, Reuben. 76. 
Burton, Nathaniel, 154. 
Burrill. Catharine, 199. 
Burwell. Job, 133, 135. 
" Samuel, 120. 

Stephen, 97, 125, 215. 

218 

Steplici: Jr., 123. 

William. 12i. 124. 132, 

133. 179, 218. 

William Jr.. 120. 

Widow Rebecca, 218. 
Bush. Justus, 13. 



Cable, Julius C, 203. 

Nathaniel J., 203. 

Phebe, 203. 

Wheeler. 128. 
Cadey, Nathaniel. 248. 
Cain, Mary, 191. 
Camp, Alice. 194. 

Beach. 10. 84. 129. 

212. 227. 
" Catharine Kootc, VI 

2' 2. 
" Currence, 194. 

Cvrus. 128. 

D-in.-!, 234. 2.50, 

Dibble. 128. 
" Edwin. 98. 

Esther. 230. 

Hiram, 129. 



Camp, George B.. 229. 

llobart B.. 229. 

Jacob, 126. 

Jane Eliza, 10, 228. 

Joel, 12U, 125. 213. 

Joel T., 128. 

John W.. 125. J65. 

267. 

Julius, 124. 

Lemuel, 60, 65, lly, 

126, 190, 194, 215, 218. 

267. 

Lydia J.. 228. 

Samuel. 120. 126. 218. 

Silas. 127. 180, 218. 

William, 212. 

William H., 212. 
Campbell, Augusta, 231. 

Patrick. 24. 
Canficld^ George C, 232. 

" Col. Samuel, 50. 
Cannon, John S., 152, 153. 

Philip A., 127. 
Carey, ^crry, 160. 

" Thomas, 162. 
Cargill, James A., 130. 
Carlson, Anna, 232. 
Carpenter, W. L., 231. 
Carmichacl, Rev. Wm. N . 

84. 
Carmody, Francis J., 231. 
Carroll, Mrs., 99, 110. 
Cavanaugli, Eleanor S., 231. 

James, 107. 

Marguerite, 232. 

Paul. 232. 

Thomas. 104. IM, 
Chambers. Asa. 120, 123. 124. 

218 

Frederick, 85, 93. 9A. 

101, 109, 229. 2.52. 

Thomas O.. 97, 101. 

109, 128. 218. 227. 
Chandler. Elizabeth J., 198. 

Col. John, 133, 134, 

136, 137, 142. 189. 197, 

198. 

Mrs. Mary, 197, 198. 
Chapman. Asa, 198, 200, 244 

Charles, 200, 244. 
Chase, Mrs. Julia, 234. 
Chastelleaux. Chevalier, 139. 
Chauncey, Rev. Thomas, 54. 
Cheever, 248. 

Christopher, David, 232. 

Mildred, 232. 
Clarke, Abel F., 234. 

Mrs. Abel F., 234. 

Adam, l.SO. 

Agur, 130. 
" Andrew, 126. 

Charles, 128, 227 

David, 127. 

Edwin, 233, 239. 

Elizabeth. 229. 

Everett, 128. 
" George. 229. 
" Grandison, 127. 
" Hannah, 58. 

Tames. 125, 184, 218 

Rev. Jehu, 41. 75. 
" Jennie, 10. 

Tohn. 73. 125 
" Lemuel B . 229. 

Lucius. 127. 

Philo, 227. 237, 23.1 
219. 

Rev. Svlvester. Vi 

Walter.' 128. 236. 

William, 161. 

Zechariah, 120, 123. 

124. 149. 184. 190. 2\i^ 
Clay, Henrv. 209. 
Cleveland, Pres. Grover. 71. 

172. 
Cliff. E. Pennington. 23'). 

262 
Cobb. Lieut David. 140 



INDEX 



Coc. Charles W.. 76. 

Coger, Kli, 109. 

Cogswell. Asa, 38, 73, lAi, 

135, 218, 264. 
Colburn, Daniel, 73. 
Cole, Charles S.. 262. 

William T., 238, 2i'J. 

249, 262, 263. 
Coleman. K. Lester, 252. 
Corastock, Daniel, 126. 

David, 149. 
Cone, Hurlburt, 127. 
Cooke, Benjamin, 123. 

Curtis, 231.-. 

David B., 195. 3 

Mrs. Sally, 195. 
Corbett, Anna, 232 
" James, 163. 

Frank, 232. 
" & Crowe, 248. 
Cornwallis, Lord, 137, 139, 

140. 141. 
Corson, Rev. Levi, 228. 
Costello. Thomas, 104, 106. 

Timothy, 109, 112. 
Courtney, Bishop, 87. 
Cravner, Rev. Wm. C, 262. 
Crawford, John, 123. 
Crockett, Rev. J. Addison, 

86, 234. 
Crofut 

or 
Crofoot. Andrew, 126. 

Daniel, 106, 218. 
" Ehenezer, 126. 
" Elam, 128. 

Eli, 125. 

Elias, 126. 

Eliel, 127. 

Elihu, 126. 

Elihu Jr., 126. 

Isaac, 125. 

John, 126. 
" Joseph, 127. 
" T-uzon. 129. 

Stephen, 122, 124, 183. 

Stephen Jr., 125. 

Stephen L., 128. 
Croof, Daniel, 125. 
Crosby, C. M., 164. 

George H., 230. 
Cummings, Mabel, 230. 
Currence, Michael, 112. 
Curtis, Abel, 125. 

Abijah, 83, 122, 124, 

190, 218. 

Maj. Abijah B., 107, 

108. 110, 120, 125, 161, 

183, 191. 
" Abijah Beach, 128. 

Alfred Devine, 93, 

127. 

Alfred, 127. 

Benjamin, 47, 73, 119, 

120, 190. 194, 216, 218. 
" Dr. Benjamin, 124, 

125, 190, 218. 
" Benjamin 3rd, 125. 
" Benjamin G.. 93, 97. 
" Burton E., 129. 

Charles B., 170, 171. 

Cornelia. 101, 107, 110. 

Daniel, 128. 

David, 125, 128, 135, 

227, 260. 

David 2nd, 229. 
" Dorothy, 231. 

Elisha, 127, 183. 

Elizabeth, 260. 

Epenitus. 127, 183. 

Ezra, 127. 

Frederick L., 229. 
" George. 161. 

Capt. Gold, 33, 123 

125. 260. 

GobM Jr., 127, 183, 

227, 260. 

Gould 3rd, 261. 



Curtis, Harry Beers, 261. 

Henry G., 238, 239, 

2o0, 261. 

Hezekiah, 128. 

Huam, 128. 

Hobart IL, 238, 239. 

Holbrook, 127, 198. 

John, 125, 260. 

John Jr., 127. 

John 3rd, 128. 
" Joseph, 31, 73. 

Josiah, 27, 28, 40, 

106, 124, 125. 

Julia N., 260. 

Julius B., 201, 204, 

260. 

Marion N., 232. 

Mary, 260. 

Matthew, 73, 119, 218, 

260. 

Matthew Jr., 120, 133, 

135, 265, 2&, 267. 

Molly, 73. 

Nathan, 122, 264. 

Nehemiah, 120, 122, 

124, 190, 218. 
" Nelson George, 261. 

Nichols, 127, 201. 

Niram, 120, 123, 1^, 

218 

Ph'ilo, 107, 110, 123, 

125, 

Reuben, 123, 124. 
" Salmon, 123, 124. 

Samuel, 236, 239, 260, 

261. 

Sarah, 260. 

Sarah A., 201. 

William R., 87, 260, 

261, 262. 
" Capt. William, 201. 



D 

Daly, Rev. James, 95. 

Robert, 62. 
Danforth, Rev. Ralph, 79. 
Davis, Rev. George, 93. 
Davton, Caleb, 176. 
" Hezekiah. 191. 
" Josiah, 120. 215. 
Deane, Henry. 128. 
Delzell, Rev. Samuel, 79. 
Denslow, Mrs. Emily H., 64. 
Dibble, Eleazer, 128, 183, 

218 
" Horace B., 129. 

Squire John, 41, 127, 

183, 218. 
" Thomas, 127. 
Dick, Charles, 76, 161. 
" John, 161. 

Joseph. 127. 161. 227. 

William J., 156, 162. 

& Sanford, 248. 
Dikeman, Asa, 126. 
" Kl)enezer, 129. 

Henry R., 234. 

Julia, 243. 

t.illian, 243. 

Martha. 228. 
" Natlianiel, 125, 154. 

Mrs. Oscar, 234. 
Donahue, Rev. Patrick, 95. 
Douglas, Nathan, 246. 
Downs, Charlotte N., 204. 

Doris, 231. 

Monroe, 204. 

Nichols C. 204. 
" Stephen. 129. 
Drew, Isaac, 128. 

Levi, 128. 
Driscoll, Cliarlesina, 232. 

William, 2.^2. 
Dudley, Joseph, 25, 28. 
Duncomb, George F., 171, 



251, 262. 
Dunen, John, 28. 
Dunkum, Zechariah, 127. 
Dunning, Abel, 120. 

Abijah, 218. 

Andrew, 120. 218. 
" Capt. Benjamin, 26, 

27, 28, 33, 60, 65, 120, 

121, 215, 218, 267. 

David. 119, 120, 215. 

218. 

Eli. 121. 122. 133. 135, 

U6, 137, 218. 

Elizabeth, 216. 

Ezra, 122. 218. 

Gideon, 123, 124. 

Jared, 121, 133, 218 

John, 120. 

Michael, 120. 

Peter, 120, 218. 
Dutton, Eliza Maria, 211. 
" Gov. Henry, 128, 199, 

210, 227, 243, 244. 
" Lucinda, 211. 

Dr. Thomas, 76, 210. 
Durant, Preston, 129. 



Easton, Fanny, 228. 
Edmond, Ann, 198. 

David, 125. 

Elizabeth J.. 197. 196. 

Mary E., 198. 

Robert. 129. 

Sarah, 198, 210. 

Wm. P.. 122. 128, 

1.54, 198. 

Hon. Wm., 41, 75. 

124, 154, 197, 198, 210, 

224. 
Edwards, ' Albert, 114, 111. 

126. 

H., 168. 

David, 126. 
" Pierpont, 241, 242. 
Egan. Andrew, 213. 

" Dr. Andrew, 213. 

Edward, 91. 

Rev. Edward, 91. 
" Edward J., 231. 
" Eliza Gordon, 91. 

Elizabeth, 231. 

Mary Clark, 213. 

May J., 231. 
Elwood, Phidema Ann, 151. 
Ensign, E. F.. 168. 
Erwin, Dr. Erastus. 76. 162. 

211. 212. 239. 
Esch. Dr. Werner, 248. 
Evans, Oliver, 130. 



Fabrique. David. 83. 205. 
" John. 62, 120, 21S, 

219. 221. 

John Jr., 219. 
Fairchild. Adelia, 228. 
" Adeline J., 78. 
" Adoniram, 75, 125. 

Agur, 120. 

Alphcus. 123, 125. 

Arthur W.. 138, 232 
" Araunah, 129. 
" Beeman, 128. 
" Beers, 128. 

Botsford. 167. 
" Bovle. 128. 227. 

Burtis. 128. 
" Catharine. 228. 

Clarke. 127. 

Clement, 75. 123. 150. 
" Cyrus. 126. 

Cvrns Dibble. 128. 

David, 215, 218. 



INDEX 



rairchild, Ebenezer H., 121, 
127, 218. 
" Edward, 27, 28, 33, 
65, 119, 215. 

Elizabeth, 78. 

Elmer, 99, 100, 233. 

Ezekiel, 123, 125. 

Ezra, 127. 

George, 100, 106, 110. 

Gideon B., 130. 

Hannah, 138. 

Harriet, 229. 

Henry, 77, 100, 106, 
110. 

Hermon, 128, 239. 

Hezekiah B., 77. 

Hiram, 128. 

Ira, 127. 

James, 121, 218. 

James Jr., 121, 122, 

133. 136. 

James B., 127. 

John. 123, 124, 218. 

John L.. 129. 

Jonathan S., 123, 125, 

127. 134, 21^. 

Joseph, 75, 125. 

Joseph B., 130. 

Josiah, 122, 124, 172, 

227. 
" Josiah Jr., 128. 

Kiah B., 127, 183. 

Le Grand, 85. 167. 

Lemuel. 127. 

Levi, 128. 

Lucy A., 229. 
" Marcus, 128. 
" Mary Hazen, 138, 

232. 

Matthew. 260. 
" Mortimer, 229. 

Moss. 129. 

Oliver, 121. 122. 219. 

Peter, 124. 138. 

Philo. 41, 75, 123. 12}. 

Philo Jr.. 128. 

Robert D.. 138, 232. 

Samuel. 128. 227. 

Seth. 123. 124, 218. 

Capt. Silas. 38, 41, 

73. 75. 121, 136. 

Silas B., 76. 

Silas Jr., 127. 136. 

Susan A.. 229. 
" Truman. 75. 125. 

Walter. 128. 
" Warren. 12<?. 

Wheeler. 125. 

William. 100, 106, 110. 

William H., 75. 76. 

77. 125. 

Winthrop. 128. 
" 7,tHoc. 122. 123. 123. 

Ziba. 127. 

Fairman. Amos B.. 75. 

" Benjamin, 75. 

Charles. IT. 227. 233 

Daniel B., 229. 

Franklin, 230. 

Lieut. Henry. 73. 120. 

133. 

Ichabod. 11, 120. 

James B., 161. 

Tabez. 7.5. 

Mrs. Jane. 194. 

Richard. 47, 72, 97 

120. 133. 135. 136, 137. 

194. 218. 

Zerah. 113. 236. 239. 
rancher, Andrew B., 172. 
Farnam, J. B., 230. 
Farrell, Catherine F., 232. 

" Elizabeth. 202. 
Ferris, Abel, 123, 125. 

** Abraham, 120, 194, 

195, 219. 

Abram B., 126. 
Arthur, 232. 



Ferris, Betty, 194. 
Daniel, 126. 
Elsie C, 232. 
Esther, 76. 

Capt. George, 112, 
135. 

George M., 232. 
Gideon B., 127. 
Herbert, 232. 
Jerusha, 210. 
John, 216. 

Joseph, 83, 120, 124, 
125, 210. 
" Joseph Jr., 129. 
Joseph G., 130. 
Peter, 119, 216, 219. 
Samuel. 27. 33, 52, 
83, 120, 125, 216. 219. 
Thomas S., 128. 
Wm. D. B., 102, 109, 
110. 

William R.. 112. 
Zacliariali, 100, 124. 
Ferry, Zachariah, 123. 
Fillmore. Pres. Millard, 170. 
Finch, Peter, 125. 
Fitch, Arabella, 2.30. 
Fisk. Phineas. 27. S3. 54. 
Foote, Abe], 122. 
Amos, 129. 
Arnold, 41, 75, 127. 
Daniel, 21, 26, 27, iZ, 
61. 63. 64, 119. 120, 
159, 176. 215. 219. 
Edward, 126. 
Elijah. 103, 122. 136. 
Frederick W., 212. 
Rev. George L., 89, 
212. 226 227 
Rev. "CeorKe W.. 90. 
George Jr.. 122. 124, 
219. 
" Harriet. 227. 
Heber. 127. 
Rev. Henry L.. 90. 
Dr. Henry H., 212. 
" Hepsa, 17. 

Tames, 123. 124, 129. 
John, 120, 216. 
Tohn Jr.. 120. 215. 
Joseph. 123. 124, 191. 
" Lemuel. 126. 

Mary. 227. 228. 
" Marv Jane. 229. 
Pbilo, 126. 

Polly Hawlev. 212. 
226. 

Prosper A., 127. 
Rhesa, 127, 174, 212, 
226. 
F'ord, Ebenezer, 37, 43, 72. 
97, 120, 219. 
Thomas, 122, 124. 219. 
Thomas Jr.. 120. 
Fox. A. W.. 168. 

Rev. Daniel W., 78. 
Rev. Patrick. 95, 19! 
Frame, &• Grecian, 248. 
Frank, John, 113, 117. 
French, Gamaliel, 97, 117. 
120. 191, 219. 
J. Homer, 212, 228. 
Lillian, 232. 
Mrs. Mary, 228. 
Samuel, 120, 219. 
Turney, 102, 111, 129. 
Frost, Sidney B., 230. 
Fuller, J. R., 168. 



Gaffney, Florence U.. 232. 
Gale. Dr. Frank, 234, 262, 
263. 
" Gordon, 232. 
Ganung, Edith, 231. 



Gannon, Patrick, 224. 
Gardner, Elizabeth D.. 234. 
Rev. Henry V., 93. 
Mrs. Wm. D., 234. 
Prof. W. IL, 231. 
Gately, Dennis C, 113, 248. 

249. 
Gauthier, George A., 249. 
Gay, Chas. H., 94, 233. 
'' Mrs. John, 234. 
Geeler, James P., 77, 94. 
George, Bertha Niles, 87, 
261. 
" Caroline, 87. 
" Rev. James Hardin, 

10, 86, 234, 262. 
" Mrs. James Hardin, 

86. 
" Rev. James Hardin. 

Jr., 87, 92. 
•' Marilla, 87. 
" Theodora, 87. 
Gerould, Jabez, 124. 
Gilford, James, 119. 
Gilbert. Blanche, 232. 
David A.. 128. 
Elijah. 126. 
Ezra, 127. 
" George, 129. 

Ichabod, 126, ISO. 
Philo, 127, ISO. 
Seth, 126. 129. 
" Stephen, 125. 
Gillette, Abel, 129. 

Abraham. 110. 
Frank, 232, 233. 
Fohn, 60, 73, 110, 119. 
126. 216. 

Moses. 73, 110, 127. 
Samuel. 110. 119, 219. 
Gillis, Miss Mary, 84. 
Glover, Abiel B., 128, 183. 
" Andrew B., 128. 

Arnold, 120, 178. 219. 
Benjamin C. 62. 119. 

126. 215. 
Betsey, 229. 
Birdsey, 122, 123, 125. 
Charles, 128. 
Charlotte, 77. 
Cyrus B.. 127. 
Daniel, 103, 123, 124, 
219. 

David J., 129, 161. 

184. 

Effie, 230. 2.33. 

Elias, 123, 12S. 
" Elias Jr., 126. 

Ezra, 126. 
" Mrs. Grace, 234. 

Granville, 129. 

Harry. 128. 184. 191. 

Capt. Henry. 47. 62. 

83. 49. 123. 124. 126. 

178. 184, 216, 219, 267. 

Henry Jr., 123, 124, 

219, 221. 

Henrv B.. 77. 85, 

236. 237. 239. 

Ives. 129. 

Tames. 27. 103, 122, 

124. 1.33. 141. 219. 
" Tames F. . 128. 

'Tohn (Town Clerk). 

is. 17. 25. 27. 33. 3S. 

47, 52. 54. 55. 57. SJ, 

62. 76. 83. 

Capt. John, 119. 123, 

127. 129. 159, 196. 215. 
219. 

Tosiah, 126, 154, 183. 
227. 
" T.rmuel. 252. 

Martin V. B.. 229 
Norman B.. 44. 99. 
ino, 129. 
Rebecca, 75. 
Roswell. 129. 



INDEX 



Glover, Salmon, 123, 124. 
" Samuel C 163. 
" Mrs. Sarah Grace, 
243. 

Silas N., 127, 160. 
" Simeon, 125. 
" Capt. Solomon, 43, 81, 
83, 108, 113, 123, 124, 
141. 

Smith P., 93, 94, 233, 
239, 245. 
" Stanley, 25. 
" Susan Nichols, 93. 
Villeroy, 127. 
Walter, 129. 
Walter H., 239, 252. 
Mrs. Walter H., 25.- 
Walter L., 232. 
Wm. B., 93, 94, 99, 
248 

Wm. Benj., 238, 239, 
263. 

Wm. H., 229. 
Ziba, 127, 183. 
Gold, Abraham, 260. 

Elizabeth, 260. 
Goldstein. Irael. 232. 

Mollie. 232. 
Golot. John, 33, 64, 116, 117. 
Goodhue, Rev. J. E., 84, 

229. 
Goodsell, Grace, 230. 
" Irvinp:, 106. 
" Jonathan, 126. 
Goodwin, Elizabeth, 231. 
Goodvear, Charles, 248. 

" Nelson, 248. 
Gordon, Dr. James W., 212. 
" John, 212. 
" Marffaret Colsran, 212. 
" Margaret Doretta, 
212. 
Gould, James L., 245. 
Graham, Rev. M., 71. 
Granpcr, Gideon, 173. 
Grant. Arminal, 192, 219. 
" Dnnald, .^6, 71, 119, 
192, 193, 215. 
Elizabeth, 193. 
.*^ueton, 192. 
Pres U. S., 171. 
Gray, Andrew Jr., 229. 
" James, 219. 
" Joseph, 23, 24, 26, 27, 
28. 33. 39, 60, 96. 
Graves, J. J., 168. 
Green, Tames, 101. 

" Thomas. 186. 
'^reenman. H. M., 116. 
Gregory, Aaron, 134. 
Griffin, Abner, 219. 

" C. Frances, 232. 

" Lieut. John, 191, 219. 

Joseph, 191, 219. 
" I.ieut. Samuel, 76 

Samuel Jr., 191, 216, 
219. 
Griggs, John, 251. 
Griswold. Zalmon, 76. 
Gunn. Abel 122. 

" Joseph, 120, 122, 219. 
Joseph Jr., 219. 
Guion, Rev. Thomas T. 
Gurley, Royal, O., 76. 161. 



H 

Hadley, Arthur T., 95. 

Mrs. Arthur T., 201. 
Hall, Albin, 128. 

" Alexander, 77, 128, 

243. 

Asa. 219. 

Billy, 75. 

Eli, 126. 

Ezra J., 238. 



Hall, John Jr., 126. 
Matt.ie.v. 122. 
William, 123, 172, 219. 
Halley. Capt., 28. 
l^ammond, Mary Grace, 203. 
Hard Abel. 124. 

Capt. Abijah, 123, 
Abner, 119. 123, 190, 
219. 
" Abraham, 120. 

Amos, 97. 126. 123, \2A, 
129, 260. 

Ammon, 123, 154, 219. 
Benjamin, 126, 132, 
18.'. 

Charles T., 129. 
Chester, 94. 
Curtis 122. 124. 
Cyrenius, 83. 121, 123, 
124. 

Cyrus, 184. 
Daniel, 126. 
Eli, 128. 

Hannah, Widow, 219. 
James, 24, 28, 33, 35, 
47, 59, 62, 63, 80, 119, 
176. 177, 216. 
James Jr., 119. 
James 3rd, 119. 
John, 121, "<24. 
Joseph, 123, 216, 219. 
" Josiah Jr., 62. 
" Lazarus, 125. 
" Lucius M., 77. 

Niram, 120, 123, 124, 
219. 

Theophilus, 120, 123. 
William G., 93, 219. 
Zadoc, 120, 179. 21S. 
Hare, Bishop Wm. Hobart, 

87. 
Harris, Dorothy, 232. 
Tabez, 219. 
Luther, 75. 123, 124. 
Harrison, Francis, 216. 
Hartnett, Patrick, 109, 115. 
Haskins, Rev. Thomas W., 

85 93 
Hatch, Josejph. 120. 

Joshua. 135. 154, 219. 
Mark F., 125. 
Moses, 199. 
Peter, 219. 
Hawley, Abel S., 127, 219. 

Arthur S., 233, 234. 
262. 

Asa N., 172, 239. 
" Benjamin, 97, 102, 
105. 106, 119, 122, 123, 
129, 190. 215, 218. 
Daniel B., 76, 154, 
168, 172. 

Edgar F., 234. 262. 
Edson N.. 229. 
" Eleazer, 127. 
" Elmer B., 229. 
" Ephraim, 64, 96. 
Esther A., 229. 
Glover, 129. 170, 172. 
Helen, 231. 
Henrv S., 260. 
Isaac' N., 77. 122, 130, 
133. 

Jabez, 126, 154. 
" Jehiel, 64. 
" "Capt. John, 25. 
John, 127, 128. 
Joseph. 126, 154. 
Jotham B., 128, 154, 
168. 
" Julia Nichols, 260. 

Lemuel, 125, 127. 
" Marcus C, 234. 
" Mrs. Marcus C, 94, 
95. 

Mary, 261. 

Robert N., 77, 98. 
100. 101, 102, 106. 



Robert S., 239. 

Samuel, 62, 129. 

Stephen, 65, 216. 
Hawley, Tyrus, 127. 

William, 120, 219. 

Wm. G., 229. 
Mrs. Wm. S., 234. 
Hayes, E., 158. 

'^ Josiah, 123, 124. 

Nathan A., 151. 
Hazard, Samuel, 135. 
HecocU, Capt. Ebenezer, 46. 
Hendrix, James, 123. 

Roger, 122, 219. 

Zadoc, 219. 
Hendrixson, Bcnoni, 120, 216. 

David. 216. 
" Samuel, 216. 
Henry. Benoni. 268. 
" Nathaniel. 61. 

Samuel, .57, 59, 61. 
Hensley, Dan. 235. 

Mount. 235. 
Hepburn. Capt. Joseph, 123. 

124. 

Silas, 122. 
Hickson. Leo, 231. 

Hill, Beach, 230. 

Harry T., 128. 
Henry S., 128. 
" Hermon. 129. 
Hills, Rev. Horace H., 84. 
Hinman, David. 124. 

Joel, 201. 
Hinsdale, Rev., 63. 
Hoffman, Jos. Ogden, 247. 
Hogan. E., 168. 
Holian, Thomas. 238, 239. 
Holly, Capt. John, 27, 33. 
Holstander. Isaac F., 129. 
Honan. Daniel C^ 231. 
" Jennie R.. 232. 
" Katherine. 231. 
Hopkins, Hazel, 232. 

" Joseph. 135. 
Horr. Wm. L.. 245. 
Hosack. Dr.. 210. 
Hotchkiss, B., 168. 

Charles, 127. 
Houlihan, Aileen, 232. 
" Anna M.. 232. 
" F. Loretta, 231. 
Helen, 232. , 
John G.. 231. 
Mary V., 232. 
Michael J., 262. 
Hoy, Wm. H., 98. 
Hoyt, Rev. James P., 79, 
230. 251. 
" Jesse. 76. 

Mary, 231. 
" Meeker, 76. 
" Norman. 76. 
Hubbard, Cornelia, 228. 
Dr. Robert, 212. 
Hubbell, Amos, 152, 153. 
" Anson. 128. 
" Ebenezer, 119. 
" Ephraim. 127. 
" Eleazer. 215. 
" Enoch. 219. 
Ezra Jr.. 219. 
H. Carlton, 239, 263. 
Tchabod, 120. 
Jedediah. 120, 264. 
Jeptha, 120, 121, 219. 
John, 18. 125. 
John L. 128. 
" Jonathan, 27, 28. 33. 

51, 60, 64. 216. 
*' Joseph M.. 129. 

Josiah, 18, 19. 
" I.ewis, 125. 
" Nathan. 120. 



INDEX 



Hubbell, Peter, Town Clerk; 
15, 23, 26, 27, 33, 39, 
53, 56, 60, 65, 215, 219, 
264. 

Peter Jr., 119. 
Ricliarii, 19. 
" Samuel Jr., 19. 

Silas, 120, 121. 123. 
" Stillman, 120. 

William, 127. 
" William Homer, 209. 
238, 239, 263. 
Hull, Elijah, 124, 219. 

Eliphalet, 104, 120, 
219. 
" Erastus, 128. 
Hanford, 129. 
John, 65, 119, 216. 219, 
Peter Clark, 123, 126. 
S., 168. 
Hurd, Abel. 120. 219. 
" Graham, 76. 
Jabcz, 101. " 
Oliver Clark, 125. 
Theophilus, 219. 
William B., 229 . 
Humplirey. Daniel, 123. 
Hunt, D. H., 168. 
Hyde, Cyrus, 138. 
Joseph, 219. 



I 

Innis, Albert C, 10. 



Tackson, Daniel, 27, 28, 33, 57, 

David, 122. 219. 

David, Jr., 122, 219. 

Ephraim, 122, 124, 219. 

Gershom, 122, 124, 219. 

Levi, 127. 
" Lewis, 41. 
Jagger, Bishop Thomas A. 87 
Tames, Catherine A., 232. 
Jardine, George, 86 . 
Jarvis, Abraham, 129. 
Jefferson, Pres. Thomas. 173. 
Jennings, David, 127. 

Elijah. 75, 126. 

Ezra H. 127. 

Wm. B., 129. 
Jewell, Ross, 231, 234. 

Mrs. Ross. 21. 
Johnson, Abel, 75 
" Abraham, 119. 

Alonzo, 129. 
" Pres. Andrew, 171. 

Charles, 41, 76, 77, 101. 

109, 128, 130, 227. 

Charles Beach, 10, 252, 

253, 262. 
" Clarrissa, 199. 

Cornelia, 199. 

David H., 85, 99, 170, 

171, 209, 236, 238, 240. 

Mrs. David H., 98. 

Ebenezer, 14, 19, 33, 

52. 64, 176, 178, 219, 

Ellas. 129. 

Enos. 123. 

Ezra H.. 9. 41, 75, 

77, 126. 
" Ezra Levan, 3, 91, 

234, 243, 262. 
" Mrs. Ezra L., 84, 91, 

252. 

Frank L.. 232. 
" Frederick Foote. 10. 

87, 91. 
" Frederick F. Jr., 92. 

Ichabod, 9, 117, 119, 

126, 219. 

Jacob, 75. 126. 
" James. 210. 
" Jeremiah, 64, 120. 



Johnson, John. 117, 122, 124. 

199, 219, 227. 
" Joiiii Jr., 126. 

Julia Mcrritt, 10, 252. 
" Levan Merritt, 10. 

Miles, 75, 126. 
" Moses, 33, 64. 

Nathan, 128. 

Percy L., 10. 

Philo, 75. 
" Susan Jane, 199. 

Walter, 129. 
" William Camp, 10. 

164, 252, 262. 

Mrs. Wm. C, 252. 
Jones, David W., 76. 

William, 150, 168. 
Jordan, Levi E., 127. 

Mae, 232. 

Philo M.. 127. 
" Timothy, 126. 
Joy, Eliza Elliot, 199. 
Judd, George, 230. 
" Phineas, 46, 71. 
" Taylor, 129. 
Judson, Lieut. Abel, 119, 123, 

124, 219. 

Abel Jr., 120. 

Abner, 76, 126, 183. 
" Andrew, 171. 
" Anson, 127. 

Rev. David, 36, 69, 

70, 73, 81, 189, 190. 205. 

Ch. of Rev. David, 

74. 
" David & Mary, 190, 

193. 

David, 123. 124, 136. 

Elijah, 125. 

Dr. George, 76, 211. 

Jerome, 159, 171, 236, 

239. 

Dr. John, 120, 123, 

124, 128, 210, 211, 219, 

227 

John, 172, 239. 
" Joseph, 31. 
" Martin, 127. 

Marv, 134. 

Dr. Monroe, 211, 236, 

239, 260. 

Nathaniel, 123. 

Nellie, 230. 

Richard, 125. 
" Samuel Lane, 125. 
" Silas Burton, 125. 

Stiles H., 161. 
" Thompson, 113. 

Zerah, 127. 



Kane, Elisha Kent, 

John Jr., 109, 112. 
Keane, Anna L., 232. 

Anna V., 231. 

Daniel J., 2,15. 

Helen M.. 231. 

Toseoh D.. 232 
" Margaret L., 231. 

Marv. 232. 

M. G.. 238. 
" Thomas F., 232. 
Keating. Joanna, 160. 
" Margaret. 232. 
" Martin, 162, 163. 164. 
Keeler, Czar, 41. 143, 144. 

1.58, 170, 171, 223, 242. 

Elizur W., 76. 

John C, 10. 

Mrs. Tohn C. 10. 

Nathan W.. 170, 171. 
Keep, Florence. 230. 



Kelly, John, 232, 

" Mary T., 232. 
Kemble, Daisy. 231, 
Kennedy. Mrs. Arthur. 235. 



Kent. Abigail, 69. 

Rev. Elisha. 69. 
Ch. of Rev. Elisha, 
69. 
" lames, 69. 
" Josiah, 69. 
Moss, 69. 
" Samuel, 69. 
" Thomas, 69, 

Thomas Jr,, 69. 
Kiernan, Dr. Walter H., 262, 
Kilbride, Helen A,, 232. 

Mary C. 232. 
Kimball, H,. 168, 
Kimbcrly. Abraham. 21. 22, 
26, 33, 43, 54, 55, 57. 
96, 104, 120, 122, 176, 
216, 219 

Abraham Jr., 219. 
" Eleazer, 14. 

Capt. E., 123. 
" Ephraim, 136. 
" I^ieut. Ephraim. 136. 
Fitch. 122. 133. 138, 
219. 
Kirkland, C. A., 168. 
Knapp, Nchemiah, 110. 
Knight Dr. Wm. W., 234. 
Kut,schcr, Viola P,, 232, 



Lacy, Eleazer, 122. 
" Josiah, 120. 
R. B., 168. 
Laflin, Mrs, Helen M,, 234. 
Lake, Ada J., 23\. 
Carrie, 230. 
" David, 125 
" Ephraim, 120, 123, 
124, 219. 
Ezra. 125, 
" Harriet, 229. 
" Tackson, 22^. 
James, 102, 106. 
John, 27, 28, 33, 43, 

60. 64, 96. 97, 119, 216, 
219. 

Tohn Jr.. 120. 128. 219. 

Nathan, 105, 120, 219. 

Nichols B., 129. 

Peter, 104, 106, 123, 

124. 

Philo. 128. 
" Roswell. 129. 

Thomas, 219. 

Walter. 129. 

Walter B.. 229. 
" Widow, 96. 
Lane, James. 219, 
Lancaster. Mary F,.. 172. 
Landers, Lemuel, 126. 
T.ang, Anna. 232. 
Lattin, Beniamin. 109, 219. 

Eli S., 129. 

Gideon. 125. 
" Granville. 111. 

Tacob. 127, 219. 

Luke, 123. 
" Nathan, 136. 
T.auzan, Chevalier de la. 

139. 140. 14V 
T.aw, Jonathan. 21. 
Lawfon. Mariruerite, 231. 
Leadbetter. Rev. Alexander, 

75. 76. 
T.eavenworth, Andrew, 111. 

John, 22, 31, 45, 60, 

61, 63, 65, 216. 
Mark E., 129. 
Thomas, 11", 216. 

T.eavy, Agnes, 232. 

" Morris. 109, 114. 
Lee. Martin. "4. 

Rev. Timothy J , 79. 
362. 



8 



INDEX 



Lemon, George, 178. 
Leonard, \Vm. A., 157, 233, 

238, 240, 263. 
Lenihan, Rev. Francis, 191. 
Lester, Catharine, 232. 
Mary, 231. 
" Mrs., 107. 
Lever, ilenry K., 230. 
Lewis, Abraliam, 122. 
" Agur, 126. 
" Ebenczcr, 109. 

Edmund, 31, 80. 
" Isaac, IS-l. 
Israel, 154. 
" Tames, 31. 
Peter, 183. 
Lillis, Michael, ICM, 106. 
Lincoln, Abraham, 171. 
Lines, Bishop Edwin S., 87. 
Linsk-y, Rev. Geo. T., 10, 86, 
234, 261, 262. 
Martha, 86. 
" Mrs. Mary Chauncey 
86, 234. 
Lovell, Edward S., 240, 252. 
Low, Samuel Jr., 246. 
Lum, Edwin A., 76. 
Lynch, C. Agnes, 232. 

Catherine V., 232. 
Jennie L., 232. 
Mary, 232. 
Mary W., 232. 
Mrs., 151. 
Patrick. 109, 115. 
" Thomas F., 232. 
Lyon, Alanson, 210. 
David, 126. 
Frederick, 229. 
" Hezekiah, 120. 

Moses, 25, 59. 62. 
" Nathaniel, 216. 
William. 216. 



M 

Madigan, James E., 250. 
Madison, President, 173. 
Mallaby, Rev. Thomas, 88. 

94. 
Mallctte, Robert C, 250. 
Mallory, Benjamin, 120, 264. 
" Ebenezer, 125. 
John, 125. 

Nathaniel. 128. 190, 
219. 
" Widow. 109. 
Maltbie. J. M., 202. 
Marble. Rev. Dr. Newton F.. 
«4, 203. 
" F'rances A., 230. 
" Frederick P., 84. 203. 
Mary Gillis. 84. 203. 
Marsh, Philo J.. 11. 

" Daniel. 168. 
Marshall. Abipail, 77. 

" Isaac, 77. 
Mason, R. B.. 169. 
Martin, Dr. W. .A.. 92. 
Masters, James, ]2i5. 
Mayers, Catherine, 2.'i2. 
Mavliew, Jacob, 129. 

" Jacob Jr., 129. 
May. Henrv. 168. 170, 171. 
McCartan, Rev. James, 95. 
McCarthy, Patrick H., 262 
McDonald, 164. 
McEwen, Birdsev. 115. 
MacFarland. Prof. H. B 
231. 
" Mrs. II. B.. 231. 
McLatighlin, Dr. W. J., 262. 
McMahon, Anthony, 103, 

106. 
McNam.-ira. John. 162. 

" Mary F.. 231. 235. 
Meeker. Capt. David, 122 
147, 149, 154, 191. 



Merchant, Amos, 97, 119, 

219. 
Merritt, Abijah, 126. 149. ISO. 
161. 191. 
John, 108. 
Levan W., 129. 
Merwin, John, 20. 

" Stephen, 129. 
Middlebrook, Charles 11., 
229. 

Friinklin, 229. 
" Jerome, 129. 

Robert, 127, 144. 
" Sidney, 76, 129. 
Miles, Joseph, 27, 28. 
Millous, Robert, 172. 
Mills, Eljenezer, 179. 
Elisha, 127, 208. 
John, 179. 
" Jonathan, 28. 
Minor, Chas. E., 94, 261. 

John, 19. 
Mitchell, Bessie, 231. 
Edith W., 235. 
Frank W., 253. 
Mrs. F. W., 253. 
" Lawrence, 100, 107. 
108, 110, 114. 
Robert C, 238, 240. 
Wallace N., 253. 
Mrs. Wallace N., 253. 
Moger, John, 120. 

'^ Samuel, 215. 
Moore, E. F., 168. 
" Joseph, 151. 

Rev. Wm., 26, 78, 93. 
More, John, 219. 
Morehouse, Abel, 219. 

Daniel, 41. 127, 219. 
" Stephen, 219. 
Morgan. Daniel N., 85. 

Ezra. 103, 106, 129, 
237, 238. 
Mary C. 234. 
" Nathaniel, 48. 
Zedekiah. 121. 
Morris, Adonijah, 60. 
" Amos. 125. 

Charles G.. 201. 
Daniel Jr., 109, 126. 
Daniel, 122. 125. 
" Eleazer. 38. 

Eli Gould. 201. 
Eli J.. 93. 94, 151. 
James, 127. 
" John. 28. 

Levi C. Sr.. 172. 
Levi C. 2nd, 245, 251. 
252, 263. 

Mrs. L. C, 234. 
Levi Phillips, 232. 
" Luzon B.. 201. 229. 
" Alartha J.. 229, 2.'50. 
Dr. Robert, 201. 
Roy, 201. 
Moss, Abigail, 69. 

" Rev. Joseph. 69. 
Munson. Joseph O., 229. 
Mott, Arthur, 229. 

S., 158. 
Murphv. Annie. 232. 
" Catherine, 231. 
Hugh, 125. 
Mary, 232. 
Murray, Joseph. 64. 
Murry, Patten, 125. 



N 

Nash, David. 128. 
" Dennis. 126. 

John. 128. 243. 
" Miciiah. 126. 
" Peter, 191. 
Ncttleton. Abner Anson. 126. 
183. 237. 238, 239. 240 
" Arthur T., 138, 182. 



23i. 234. 
Nettelton, Josepli, 129. 

Theophilus, 120, 190. 

219. 
Newland, Albert, 212. 

J. Selwyn, 212. 
Nichols, Rev. Abel, 89, 125. 

Beach, 98. 

Benjamin, 20, 120. 
" Caleb, 219. 
" Charles, 251. 

Charlotte, 233. 

David H., lis, 125. 

Daniel, 126. 

Dina, 179. 

Drusus, 129. 

Elijah, 120, 123, 124, 

154, 224. 
" Gideon, 219. 

Ilenry, 260. 

Henry T., 229, 237. 

239, 240. 
" Isaac, 77, 128. 
" Capt. James, 77, 89, 

Capt. Jonatlian, 219. 
" Joseph, 125. 225. 

Lemuel, 124, 1.54." 

Lucy Beach, 89. 

Mary 260. 

Nathaniel, 119, 127, 

179, 216, 219. 
" Capt. Peter, 97, 104, 

120, 123, 124, 127 .195, 

197, 219, 241, 242, 244. 

Philo. 240. 244. 
" Mrs. Rebekah, 195. 

Richard, 19, 83, 117. 

120. 
" Richmond, 219. 
" Sarah Blackman, 260. 
" Simeon, 128. 

Stephen, 127. 

Thaddeus H., 129. 

Theophilus, 121, 122. 

124. 128. 233, 236, 237. 

238, 240. 243. 
Nickerson, lob, 125. 
Noble. Charles, 227. 
Norman. Wilhelmina, 229. 
Northrop, Abel. 219. 
" Alanson, 126. 

Lieut. Amos, 120, 122, 

124, 135. U6. 219, 221. 

Andrew, 111, 114. 123, 

168, 184. 
" Asa, 124. 
" Benjamin. 44, 60, 64. 

119, 215. 219. 
" Benjamin Tr., 120, 219 

Charles, 129. 

Chas. H., 203, 233, 

237. 230, 240, 262. 

Mrs. Chas. H., 231. 

C. P.. 245. 

Cvrenin, 127. 

David. 129. 
" Deacon, 73. 

Drake, 123, 124. 

Edgar F., 255. 

Edith N., 232. 

Eleanor L., 203, 231. 

F.Iizur, 129. 

Enos, 120. 121, 219. 

Ezra, 120, 124, 219. 

George, 110, 123. 124. 

143. 

George A., 245. 252. 

Gideon. 104. 110. 

Heman. 102. 105, 110 
" Hezekiah, 126. 
" Hosea B.. 240. 

Isaiah. 121. 127, 219. 
" James, 127. 

Jeremiah, 119, 176, 215, 

219. 
" Jerome, 116. 

Job, 119. 121, 122. 216 
" Capt. Jrhn. (Town 

Clerk). "45, 48, 59, 61, 



INDEX 



63, 64, 65, 67, 69, 70. 

80, 103, 117, 119. 121. 

122, 216, 219, 266, 267. 
Northrop, John Jr., 126, 179, 

180. 

John J., 171, 240, 253. 

262. 

Jonathan, 73, 120, 133. 

Joshua, 133, 134, 136, 

219. 

Julia L., 203. 

Mary A., 232. 
" Nathan, 123. 

Nathaniel, 120. 

Nehcmiah, 219. 

Nelson \V., 203. 

Norman, 110, 128. 

Oliver, 127, 183. 

Oliver T.. 210. 

Peter, 125. 
" Reuben, 129. 

Samuel, 75, 125. 

Sheldon, 129. 

Thomas, 64. 119. 215. 

Wait, 123, 124, 219. 

Walter. 127. 

William N., 123, 124, 

203, 219. 240. 

William Jr., 219. 
" Zalmon, 127. 
Norton, Philo, 83. 124. 

Nathan, 120. 



Ogden. Ebenezer, 219. 
Olmstead. Charles, 232. 

Elhert, 112, ISO. 

Wilbur E., 232. 
Olson, Be.ssie, 231. 
Oppe, Herman, 232. 
Orgleman, Augustus W., 93. 
Osborne. Ephraim, 33. 

" Joseph, 28. 
Otis. John M.. 230. 



Page, Ed^ar C, 172. 
Palmer, Carrie Mason, 92. 
Parmalee, Amos, 126. 

David, 126. 
" George, 111. 
" Grandison, 76. 
" Hermon, 129. 

Hiram, 76, 11, 102, 

104. 128, 202. 

Tedidiah, 216, 219. 

Levi, 128. 

Marcus H., 126, 129, 

183. 

Nathaniel. 126. 216. 

Noah, 119, 121, 216. 

219. 

Philo, 128. 

Rufus, 76, 128. 
" Samuel. 64, 216. 

Stephen, 27, 33, 7,1, 

.52, 59. 64. 120, 176, 

189. 216. 
Parks, Michael. 41. 75. 155. 
Parsons. Rev. Arthur, 91. 

Charles M., 93, 107. 

113. 252. 

Mary E., 76. 

Moses, 161, 221, 236, 

240. 

Pearl F.. 230. 
Patch, Anthonv, 249. 

Ezra, 161, 172. 
Patrick. Brig. Gen. Samuel 

H.. 1.^8. 
Payne, Charles H.. 94. 
Pearce, Samuel, 64. 
" Thomas. 64. 

John T., 2.50. 



Pease, F. W., 168. 
Peck, Aaron, 104, 120, 179, 
220. 

Abbie L., 233, 234. 
Abel T., 77. 
" Abner, 
" Abraham, 127. 

Capt. Albert W., 213. 
229 

Albert W. Jr., 213. 
Amiel, 123, 219. 
Amos G., 77, 126, 154, 
227, 240. 
" Andrew Jr., 126. 
" Annie Curtis, 214. 

Mrs. Ann E., 77, KM. 
" Arthur, 110. 
" Asher, 123, 154. 
" Benaiah, 219. 
" Charles Henry. 98. 
Charles, 128. 
112, 115, 138, 1.S7, 171. 
182, 233, 236, 240. 
Charles G., 262. 
" Lieut. Col. Charles 

Howard 213, 263. 
" Charles Howard Jr. 

213. 
" Dan, 126. 183. 

Daniel, 75, 120, 126, 220 
David. 41, 75. 122, 124, 
184. 

David C, 237. 238, 240 
262. 263. 

Dillazon, 107, 129. 
Dr. Earle, 214, 230. 
Ebenezer, 120, 126, 178 
220. 

Edmond B., 127. 
Eli, 123, 126. 
Elihu, 220. 
Elijah, 123. 
Elliott M., 11, 214, 240 
Elnathan, 126. 
Enoch, 123, 220. 
" Enos, 183. 

Ephraim. 31, 33, 57. 
.59, 67, 72, 119, 120, 216. 
220. 

Ethel, 120. 
Ezekiel, 127. 129. 
Ezra, IZ, 120, 220. 
George B.. 76. 123, 124 
George B., 229. 
George C, 76, 98, 99. 
Gideon, 72, 123, 125, 220 
Hannah D. F., 234. 
Harley, 230. 
Harry. 90, 104, 201. 
Capt. Henry, 120, 134, 
135, 194, 219. 
Henry S., 229. 
" Hermon, 129. 

Hermon H., 99. 105. 
Heth. 36, 47, 66, 70, 71. 
119, 219. 

Heth Jr., 120, 219. 
Hezekiah, 129, 240. 
Isaac, 123. 124, 184. 
Israel, 128. 

Tabez B.. 77, 104, 121. 
123, 129, 220, 227. 
" James, 36, 120. 
" James A., 232. 

John, 119, 120. 124. 117. 
220. 

John B. 237. 238, 210. 
" Jonathan 126. 
" Joseph. (Town Clerk I 
14, 16. 20. 22, 28, il. 35. 
52. 55. 64, 96, 120, 159. 
176, 177, 267. 
Joseph Jr., 64, IS, 117. 
216. 220. 
" Joshua, 122. 
" Judson. 126. 
" Lemuel, 126. 
" Lewis, 174. 



Peck, Levi, 77, 123, 128. 
Liverius, 122, 124. 
" Lucius, 128. 
Mary F., 233. 
Mrs. Mary, 194. 
" Matthew, 123. 
MicI, 120. 

Moses 120, 123, 124, 
154, 220. 

Nathan, 120, 126. 
Nathaniel. 72. 119, 123 
220. 
" Nelson J., 229. 

Oliver, 77, 127, 246. 
Mrs. Phebe, 94. 
Richard, 127. 
Robert S., 227, 260. 
Rufus, 125. 
Samuel, 123, 154, 220, 
227. 

Samuel B., 128, 161, 
162, 183, 236. 
" Sherwood, 208. 

Simeon B., 103, 106, 
129, 237, 238, 240, 260. 
" Thcodosia, 76. 
" Truman, 126. 

William M., 129. 
Wooster, 76, 77, 184. 
227. 

Zalmon S., 122. 124, 
167, 171, 195, 233, 252. 
253. 
" Mrs. Zalmon S., 252. 
Mrs. Zilpha, 195. 
Penny, Dr. C. M., 262. 
Perry, Agur, 128. 

" Dr. Bennett, 123, 145, 
198, 208, 210, 241, 242, 
243, 2AA. 
" Daniel, 125. 

Joseph, 125, 129. 
Marv. 198. 
Dr. Nathaniel, 208. 
" Peter, 127. 

Rev. Philo, 83, 86, 
190, 193, 244. 
" Truman, 130. 
Phillips, Samuel, 149. 
Pierce, B. D. Co., 164. 
" Francis, 123. 220. 
" President Franklin. 
170. 
Pierson, Stephen, 120. 
Pintard. John, 246. 
Pitzchler, Oscar, 187. 
Piatt, Bennett, 129. 
Charles, 232. 
Charles S., 88, 233, 
234, 262. 
" Ebenezer, 64, 216. 
Eli, 150. 

Edmund C, 172. 
Ella E., 230, 233. 234. 
" Ephraim, 126, 183. 
" Francis H., 232. 
" Isaac, 126. 

Tarvis, 111. 126. 
Tcnnette Tuttle, 202. 
John. 25, 28, 33, 44. 
.54, 60. 64, 120. 216. 
" Johnson T., 202. 

Joseph. 73. 
" Josiah & wife, 100. 
121, 126, 190. 230, 264. 
265. 266. 
" Judson, 129. 
Justus. 126. 
" Moses. 73, 119. 121, 

190, 220. 
" Nathan. 126. 
" Percival C, 232. 
Philo N., 150. 
Philo T.. 130, 202. 
R. H.. 168. 
" Svlvanus. 129. 

Tlieron E., 238. 240. 
" Timothy, 106. 



10 



INDEX 



Piatt, Waiizer, 114. 

" William, 
Plummcr, D. B., 230. 
Polk, President James K.. 

199. 
Porter, Mrs. Alosia, 109, 111, 
115. 

\Vm. Arthur, 229. 
Potter, Rev. Collis P., 9J. 
Pratt, C, 168. 

Mrs. Charles M., 201. 
Pray, Margaret, 200. 
Prentice, T. P., 168. 
Preston, Nathan, 241. 
Prime, James, 46. 
Prindlc, Lieut. Abel, 120, 123. 
124, 220. 244. 
Abel B.. 240. 
Abijah, 220. 
" Abram, 127. 
Albert, 129. 
" Ammon, 208. 

Cyrus, 122, 124. 
Daniel, 125, 207. 
Ebenezer, 21, 26, 27, 
28, 33, 54, 55, 59, 65. 
EldacI, 126. 
Eliadah, 220. 
" Ephraim, 65, 97, 102, 
216. 220. 
James, 122, 220. 
" Jedidiah, 64. 
" Jehoshaphat, 65, 120, 
122, 216, 220. 
Joel, 122, 125, 220. 
Jonathan, 120, 124. 
178, 220, 221, 241, 244. 
" Capt. Joseph, 65, 97. 
119, 120, 122, 124, 216. 
220. 

Julia, 160. 
" Lazarus, 122, 125. 
Nathan. 121. 
Riverius, 75, 126. 
Mrs. Ruth, 160. 
Samuel, 33, S3, 120. 
Sarah M., 229. 
" Seth, 128. 
" William, 220. 
" Zachariah, 127. 
Pulford, Oliver, 103. 



Randall, Delia Beers, 212. 
" Leerand, 212. 
Ophelia, 212. 
Raymond, Jacob, 125. 
" John, 111, 126. 
Orrin, 129. 
Ray, Harold, 232. 
Read, Evelyn B., 232. 

" John. 33. 
Reiner, Frederick, 172. 
Revere, Paul, 130. 
Reynolds, Willson M., 171. 
Roberts, Joel, 220. 

" Thomas, 106, 120, 126, 
220. 

Lula, 231. 
Robson, Elizabeth, 134. 
Rochambeau, Count de, 139 

140. 
Roeers, Rev. John, 95. 

Mrs. M. C, 230. 
Rood, M., 27, 28, 51. 
Roosevelt, Theodore, 171. 
Rowland, Hezekiah, 126. 

Tabez, 111. 
^ '' ^ Joseph, 126. 
Ruffels, Anna, 232. 
" Bessie D., 232. 
" Grace, 232. 
" Jennie M., 232. 
Ruth, 232. 
Ruck, David, 110. 
" Oliver, 220. 



Salmon, Ethel, 231. 
Sample, George, 123. 

Miss, 230. 
Sanford, Aaron, 84, 109, 112, 

237, 238, 240. 

Amos C, 128, 264, 265. 
" Amos N., 126. 
" Augusta, 229. 

Daniel C, 123. 125. 

David, 24, 113, 126. 

130, 161. 

Ebenezer, 119, 124, 216, 

220. 

Elias F., 229. 

Elijah, 23. 160. 
" Emily A., 76. 
" Frederick, 240. 
" Frederick C, 172. 

George P., 233, 234. 

Hannah (Widow), 220, 

264, 265. 
" Harriet Emma, 92. 

Henry, 84. 156, 236, 

237, 240. 250. 

Hezekiah, 106, 220, 

264, 265, 266. 
" Isaac, 125. 

James, 121, 220. 
" Jeanie, 78. 
" Tessie, 230. 

Job, 216. 

John, 119, 220. 

John Ir., 124. 

John L., 93. 

Tonah Jr., 97. 127, 220. 

Jonathan, 44, 103, 142, 

220. 

Josiah, 127, 161, 227. 

Capt. Julius, 235, 245. 

Louis, 264, 265, 266. 
" Mrs. Mary, 228 
" Moses, 120. 

Nathaniel, 220. 

Samuel. 21. 22. 26. 

27, 33, 54, 65, 120, 123, 
128, 216, 220, 264, 265, 
266. 

" Solomon, 103, 124. 
" Squire John, 23. 
" Stephen, 125. 

Thomas, 120, 127, 220, 
264, 265, 266. 
" Wm. Atwater, 23. 
" W. J., 98. 
" Zalmon. 126. 
Scatacooks. 51. 
Scanlon. Catharine. 232. 

" Michael, 141. 
Schermerhorn, John J., 252. 
Mrs. John J., 252. 
" Mrs. Sarah F., 44. 
Schultz, Prof., 230. 
Scott, George, 76, 77. 
Scudder, Isaac, 41, 126. 
" Susan, 78. 

William, 130. 
Seabury, Bishop, 83. 
Sears, James, 75. 
Seeley, A., 158. 

Eli B., 109, 112, 115. 
" Jeremiah, 215. 

Sergt. John, 24, 27, 

28, 33, 57, 176. 
" Nehemiah, 220. 

Ottmiel, 220. 
Robert, 57, 59, 62, 215, 
220. 
" Robert Jr., .Jl.S. 
" Tom, 143. 
Sharp, Eliakim, 126, 137. 
" Thomas, 26, 33, 59, 60. 
117, 119, 122, 137, 216, 
220. 

Widow, 27. 59. 
119. 216. 
Shaw. E. H.. 237. 



Shelton, Benjamin F., 127, 

223. 
Shepard Abraham, 73, 220. 

or 
Shepherd, Ammon, 76, 126, 

149. 183. 

Amos, 110, 123, 149. 

Andrew Jr., 126. 

Charles, 128. 

Daniel, 125. 

David, 110. 

George, 110, 12'. 

George Jr., 126, 128. 

Dr. Gideon, 145, 205, 

206, 207, 211. 

Dr. Gideon's Children 

206. 

Hannah, 76. 

Hart, 

Henry, 127. 

Horace, 41. 

James, 123. 

John, 68, 104, 119, 120, 

126, 216, 220. 

Joseph, 128. 

Lemuel, 126. 

Capt. Moses, 40, 75. 

108, 112, 122, 126, 133, 

136. 
" Nathan, 126. 
" Niram, 128. 

Peter, 128. 

Reuben, 127. 

Richard D., 126. 183. 

Rufus, 128. 
" Simeon, 125, 128, 220. 
" Stephen, 123. 
" Sueton, 127. 

Dr. Timothy, 41, 73, 

106, 120, 125, 147, 149, 

216, 220. 
Sherman, Amos, 122, 123, 

124. 
" Andrew, 127. 
" Benjamin, 21, 25, 27. 

Benoni, 119. 

Charles, 128. 

Clark, 127. 

Cyrus, 126. 

Cyrus B., 240. 

Daniel, 122, 216. 

David, 120, 128, 220. 
" Ebenezer, 124. 

Edward M., 229. 

Edwin M., 229. 

Elijah, 126. 

Ephraim, 120, 124, 

135, 136. 179, 220. 
Ezra, 123, 127, 183. 
Henry, 128. 
Tabez, 126. 

Job, 27, 28, 33, 65, 66. 

67, 69. 70, 71, 119. 220. 

263, 267. 

Joel, 120. 

John, 38, 112, 119. 128, 

190. 220. 

Jonathan. 75, 120. 
" Joseph, 126. 

Joseph Jr., 129, 170. 

Jotham, 122, 126. 129, 

131, 150, 220. 
" Lauriston, 129. 

Lemuel, 105, 120, 220. 

Lewis F., 122, 124. 
" Linus, 126. 

Lue L., 127. 

Mary J., 229. 230. 

Matthew, 126, 215. 

McPherson, 128, 2A2. 
" Nathan, 120, 121, 127. 

136, 220. 

" Norris, 229. 

Oman, 127. 

Philo, 126. 

Philo Tr., 127. 

Philo B., 229. 
" Rev. Samuel, 62. 63, 

215. 



INDEX 



11 



Sherman, Truman, 123, 127, 

128, 183. 
" Warren, 161. 

William, 76. 

William A.. 94. 

Wooster, 183. 

Zadoc, 120, 129. 131, 

220. 
" Zardis, 126. 
Sherwood, Daniel, 125. 
" Ebenezer, 154. 

E. F., 168. 
" John, 73. 

John P., 220. 

Justus, 108, 113. 
" Koswell L., 127. 
*' Thomas, 19. 
Sheville. John, 245. 
Shipman, David, 183. 

'* Elias, 242. 
Short, Sue, 231. 
Shultz, Prof., 233. 
Silliman, Eugene R., 229. 
Sinnott, Rev. George, 95, 

262. 
Skidmore, Abel, 121, 124. 

Abel B., 129, 227. 
" Ammon, 125. 
" Amos, 124. 

Daniel. 77, 128, 227. 

Elias, 136. 
" Elnathan, 105, 120. 

125. 
" Glover, 128. 

Herbert, 234. 
" Isaac, 126. 

Dr. James, 209. 

Jane A., 210. 

John, 75, 120, 126, 128, 

220.